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PT.

DANALAM CIPTA PRATAMA


Inspection, Certification and Technical Consultance

PULSED X-
X-RAY &
DIGITAL RADIOGRAPHY

Presented in PT. Rekayasa Industri


Jakarta, 31 Juli 2018
Content
1. Company Profile
2. Overview Industrial Radiographic System
3. Radiation Source Option
4. Imaging Media Option
5. Pulsed X-Ray GE XRS-3
1. PT
PT.. Danalam Cipta Pratama
Company Profile
Established since 1997 in Jakarta, works in Technical
Inspection, Non Destructive Testing, Certification and Heat
Treatment Services
Experience Method :
RT,UT,MT,PT, PMI, Hardness Test, Vacuum Test & Welding Heat
Treatment
Experience Field :
Power Plant (Boiler and Power Piping) ,
Chemical Processing/Refinery Plant , Aerospace Industry
Oil & Gas Industry ( Process Plant and Distribution Pipeline )
Man Power and Branch Office:
Head Office (HO) Jakarta & 4 Branch (Medan,Batam,Cilegon,
Bontang)
Permanent Inspector/Technician : 35 staff
Legal, Finance & Administration : 9 staff
PT. Danalam Cipta Pratama
Working Experience
Contract Value > 2 Billion IDR
 2005 ,Perluasan Pupuk Kujang ,under PT. Rekayasa Industri, Cikampek
 2007
2007 – 2009 , NDT Upgrade Refinery PERTAMINA under SK KRIS lokasi:
Dumai , Riau
 2009
2009 ,NDT Steam Piping in Wayang Windu Geothermal PT. Star
Energy, under PT. Rekayasa Industri, Pangalengan, Jabar.
 2009 – 2011 , NDT Package PLTU Kanci unit 1 - 600 MW ,under Doosan
Heavy Industri , Cirebon
 2010 , NDT Piping Kaltim Nitrate Indonesia (KNI) , under PT. Rekayasa
Industri, Fabrication in Cilegon, Banten.
 2011-
2011-2012 , NDT Package (RT,MT,PT) and PWHT for 2 unit Power Boiler
& Steam Line 16” Pupuk Kaltim , under IKPT ,Bontang, Kaltim
 2012 , PWHT & NDT for Power Boiler di PT. Semen Tonasa, under
PT.Rekayasa Industri , Pangkajene, Sulawesi Selatan
 2014 – 2016 , NDE Package (RT,UT,MT,PT ,PMI, Holiday Test) at Central
Processing Plant Donggi & Pipeline 16” (36 km) , Project PPGM Donggi
Pertamina EP - PT.Rekayasa Industri , Banggai, Sulawesi Tengah
PT. Danalam Cipta Pratama
Legal Certificate
Pemerintah Provinsi DKI
SIUP , No 07477-05/PM/P1/1.824.271
TDP , No. 09.04.1.70.24868
Departemen Pekerjaan Umum:
SIUJK No. 0904.2.85.97.265522 , Tgl 13-Agustus 1997
Company Legal Competence in NDE & Certification
SKT MIGAS (No. 1323/SKT-02/DMT/2016)
SKT Panas Bumi /EBTKE (No.120/SKT /PMDN/2017)
KEMENAKER
Radiography Personel Legal Certificate :
BAPETEN & BATAN
Industrial Radiography Permit Certificate :
Badan Pengawas Tenaga Nuklir Nasional
(BAPETEN)
Overview Industrial Radiography System
Energy, Intensity/Activity, Thickness, shape, Density Variation,
sourced size imperfection Sensitivity
RADIATION IMAGING
SOURCE MEDIA
Specimen
Technology Option
 Gamma-Ray/  Film Based /
Radioactive Isotop Conventional Film

 Constant X-Ray  Digital Radiography

 Pulse X-Ray  Computed Radiography


Radiation Source Option

 Radioisotopes
Ir-192,Cs-137
Ex: Sentinel Delta 880

 X-Ray (Constant)
Ex: Rigaku 250 KV

 X-Ray (Pulsed)
Ex: XRS-3 270 KV
Imaging Media Option
a. Industrial Radiograpic Film (Conventional)

 Perlu bahan kimia untuk


pemrosesan gambar
 Perlu ruang (space untuk
penyimpanan jangka
panjang)
 Resiko kerusakan akibat
kelembaban, dan
bencana.
 Penurunan kualitas image
seiring waktu.
Processing System for
Conventional Film
Need Processing Chemicals
 Konsumabel
 Penanganan limbah B3

Dark Room and


processing equipment

Interpretation and storage


 Memerlukan illuminator baca
Film
 Memerlukan ruang penyimpanan
film yang terjaga kondisinya
Imaging Media Option
b. Image Plate (IP) c. Digital Image Plate
Computed Radiografi-CR Digital Radiography -DR

 Perlu Scanner untuk membaca  Hasil image digital terbaca


image digital dari IP secara langsung di notebook
 Bentuk sangat mirip dengan  Digunakan berulang-kali
Film konvensional
 Digunakan berulang-kali
Processing System for CR

IP plate dapat digunakan hingga 800 sd 1000


kali penyinaran dan pembacaan
Digital Image Intepretation
Pulsed X-
X-Ray
GE XRS – 3 (270 kVP)
From Security/Military application
to Industrial Application
X-Ray Generator

Pulsed X-Ray Constant X-Ray


( Conventional )
 Concentrate beam angle to test  High Radiation Exposure
specimen  Difficult Access & Preparation
 Low Radiation Exposure (Shop)
 Easy Access & Preparation (Shop,  Always connect to Electric Power
Field)  Heavy ( Tube + Cable + Control Box
 Use Rechargable Battery = 35 kg)
 Small, Portable, Low Weight  Need 3 Operator
(all = 6 kg)
 Just need max 2 Operator

PULSED and CONTINUOUS...


What is the different ... ????
X-Ray Generator

Pulsed X-Ray Constant X-Ray


rad rad ( Conventional )

time time

Single pulse = 50 ns Exposure time = 0,5 to 5 minute


(50/1000000000 second) (depend on mat’l thickness and distance)

15 pulse = 1 second
LOWER RADIATION EXPOSURE
X-Ray ( Constant)
Prinsip Kerja X-
Prinsip Kerja X-
X-Ray ( Pulsed )

Battery
GE XRS-3 Characteristic
Size : include battery 14”(35,6 cm) x 4,5”(11,5
cm) x 7,5”(19 cm)
Weight : 5,4 kg
Output Dose : 4 mR/pulse max , 2,6 mR/pulse min
measured 12 inch form source
Pulse Rate : 15 pulse per second
Energy : 270 KVP
Battery performance : 4000 pulse
Battery recharge time : 1 hours

Performance :

0,5 inch steel thicknes : 30 - 60 pulse (jarak 10 inch)


1 inch steel thickness : 70 pulse (jarak 10 inch)
Exclusion Zone

1 meter

NBD : 2000 mR/year


Asumsi 99 pulsa = 1 joint
Diperlukan expose sebanyak
(2000/0,43)=4600 joint
hingga personil mencapai AS LOW AS POSSIBLE
NBD tahunan jika berdiri
1 meter disamping XRS
Radiation Safety Aspect
Exclusion Zone

XRS -3 have small angle beam , so will reduce Radiation


exposure in other area beside test specimen
Application of XRS-3 on
Boiler /Power Plant

Superheater Tube Waterwall


Application of XRS-3 on field

Piping Piping
Storage Tank

Easy to Transport
 Penggunaan di Indonesia

Jihandak BRIMOB
Radiography Imaging Process
Reference :
Reference :
Perbandingan Pulsed X-Ray,
Constant X-Ray dan Gamma Ray
Parameter Pulsed X-Ray Constant X-Ray Isotop/
Gamma-Ray
Radiasi Pulsa dg durasi 50ns Constant Terus menerus

Dosis SANGAT RENDAH MENENGAH SANGAT TINGGI

Bobot 6 kg (1 unit lengkap) >30 kg (tabung+box) >35 kg (Kamera+crank)

Personil 2 orang 3 orang 2 sd 3 orang

SET-UP Mudah Paling Sulit Paling Mudah

Limbah Tidak Tidak Ya

Power Baterai (est 6 hours ) Catu Daya Listrik None (Self emitting)

Safety SANGAT TINGGI SANGAT TINGGI RENDAH

Bunker Tidak Tidak Ya


Reference :
 Glenn M. Light, Ph.D. Comparison of Pulsed X-Ray Source Digital Radiography with Isotopic
Radiography On Pipe ,
 ASME Section V - Non Destructive Examination Code , Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Ed.2013 ,
American Society for Mechanical Engineering, 2013

TERIMAKASIH
PT. DANALAM CIPTA PRATAMA
Inspection, Certification and Technical Consultance

Prepared :
Adhi Prihastomo

* Graduate Programs, Materials Science and Engineering, University of Indonesia


* Bachelor of Applied Science in Nuclear Instrumentation ,
Polytechnic Institute of Nuclear Technology – National Nuclear Energy Agency
* Radiation Safety Officer (Industry-1) , Nuclear Safety Regulatory Board
* Cert. Welding Inspector , B4T - International Institute of Welding
* Cert. NDT Lev-2 ASNT in RI,RT,UT,MT,PT method