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Visceral gout in ducks

Article · January 2019

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Yadala Ravikumar Ganesh K Sawale


PVNRTVU Bombay Veterinary College
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Guguloth Ramesh Mekala Lakshman


COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SCIENCE ,HYDERABAD PVNarshimha Rao Telangana Veterinary University, Telangana, Hyderabad
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The Pharma Innovation Journal 2019; 8(1): 256-257

ISSN (E): 2277- 7695


ISSN (P): 2349-8242
NAAS Rating: 5.03 Visceral gout in ducks
TPI 2019; 8(1): 256-257
© 2019 TPI
www.thepharmajournal.com Y Ravikumar, Sawale GK, G Ramesh, B Mahesh, D Madhuri and M Lakshman
Received: 13-11-2018
Accepted: 15-12-2018
Abstract
Y Ravikumar In this case report, three ducks were brought for postmortem examination and postmortem examination
Assistant Professor, Department revealed deposition of chalky white material covering the pericardium, liver and enlarged kidneys with
of Veterinary Pathology, College necrotic foci and nephrosis. Urate crystals formed stones in the dilated ureter Histopathologically, kidney
of Veterinary Science, Rajendra showing severe glomerular and tubular degeneration and necrosis and central gouty deposition
Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, surrounded by radiations of needle like urate crystals surrounded by inflammatory cells. Gout in ducks
India might be attributed to high concentration of protein and calcium in diet.
Sawale GK
Assistant Professor, Department
Keywords: Visceral gout, ducks, histopathology, kidneys, Urater.
of Veterinary Pathology, College
of Veterinary Science, Mumbai, Introduction
Maharashtra, India Gout is one of the important disorder associated with kidney damage in birds caused by multi-
factorial etiology. High levels of proteins and calcium causes excess uric acid production (Li et
G Ramesh
PG Student, Department of
al, 1998, Ibrahim et al, 2010) [4, 2] and damage kidneys (Khan and Alden, 2001; Guo et al,
Veterinary Pathology, College of 2005) [3, 1]. Birds are uricotelic and lack uricase which is essential for conversion of uric acid to
Veterinary Science, Rajendra less harmful substances. Impairment of kidney function results excessive accumulation of uric
Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, acid in tissues. Uric acid itself is not toxic but precipitated crystals can cause severe
India mechanical damage to tissues. The present case report describes pathological investigation of
B Mahesh
visceral gout in ducks.
PG Student, Department of
Veterinary Pathology, College of Materials and Methods
Veterinary Science, Rajendra Dead ducks were brought for postmortem examination Postmortem examination was
Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, conducted and tissue pieces from affected kidneys were fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin
India
prior to processing. After overnight washing in running water and dehydration in ascending
D Madhuri grades of alcohol, the tissue was embedded in paraffin and 5 micron thick sections were cut
Professor and Univ. Head, and stained with haemotoxylin and eosin (H & E) as per the method of Luna (1968) [5] and
Department of Veterinary examined under light microscope for te tissue changes.
Pathology, College of Veterinary
Science, Korutla, Jagtial,
Telangana India
Results and Discussion
Postmortem examination revealed deposition of chalky white material covering the
M Lakshman pericardium, liver and enlarged kidneys with necrotic foci and nephrosis (Fig.1, 3). Urate
Professor and Head, Department crystals formed stones in the dilated ureter (Fig.2, 3). Histopathologically, kidney showing
of Veterinary Pathology, severe glomerular and tubular degeneration and necrosis (Fig.5) and central gouty deposition
College of Veterinary Science,
Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad,
surrounded by radiations of needle like urate crystals surrounded by inflammatory cells
Telangana India (Fig.6). Gout in present case study might be attributed to high concentration of protein and
calcium in diet.

Correspondence
Y Ravikumar
Assistant Professor, Department
of Veterinary Pathology, College
of Veterinary Science, Rajendra
Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana,
India Fig 1: Deposition of chalky white Urate crystals on pericardial sac and liver.
~ 256 ~
The Pharma Innovation Journal

Fig 2: Deposition of Urate crystals on heart.


Fig 6: Section of kidney showing mononuclear cell
infiltration in the interstitial tissue with interstitial

References
1. Guo X, Huang K, Tang J. Clinicopathology of gout in
growing layers induced by high calcium and high protein
diets. British Poultry Science. 2005; 46(5):641-646.
2. Ibrahim M, Eldaghayes, Mohamed A, Hamid Sayed R,
El-Attarand, Abdoalwahab M, Kammon.. Pathology Of
Gout In Growing Layers Attributed To High Calcium
And Protein. Diet. E-International Scientific Research
Journal. 2010; 4(2). Issn:2094-1749
3. Khan KM, Alden CL. Kidney. In: Hashek WM,
Rousseaux CG, Wallig MA (Ed) 2001. Handbook of
Toxicologic Pathology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA.
Fig 3: Urate crystals deposition in ureter and kidney. 2001, 255-336.
4. Li XM, MX Deng, QY Li, RY Jia, Wang J. Experimental
study on the clinical pathology of urate deposition in
chickens. Chinese Journal of Veterinary Science. 1998;
18:49-51.
5. Luna LG. In Manual of histological staining methods of
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 3 rd edn. Mc Graw
Hill book Co. New York, 1968.

Fig 4: Stones in the dilated ureter.

Fig 5: Section of kidney showing severe glomerular and tubular


degeneration and necrosis (arrows).H&E

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