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Heat Transfer Area calculations for Fin Tube Heat Exchanger

Reference Book : Process Engineering and Design , Author : S B THAKORE , B I BHATT


Correction Made
Consideration :
Inlet Air Flow Rate M3/hr 2000
Inlet Ambient AIr Temperature 0
C 23
Specfic Heat of Air kcal/kgC 0.25
Density of aiR kg/m3 1.2
Oultet Hot Air Temperature 0
C 60
Inlet Hot Water Temperature 0
C 90
Outlet Hot Water Temperature 0
C 70
Hot Water Flow Tube Side
Air Flow Fins Side
Flow Type Cross Flow
Heat Load for increasing Temp of Air kcal/hr 22200 Qair Side: Heat Load on Air Side
KW 25.81
Required Flow Rate of Hot Water m3/hr 1110 1.11 Mwater : Mass Flow Rate of Water Required
Kg/hr 1110
LMTD of Cross Flow Heat Exchanger 0
C 29.9667601378838 37.87 LMTD : Log Mean Temp Difference
R 0.540540540540541
S 0.552238805970149
As per Graph 6.32 D C
0
0.9049 Ft : LMTD Factor
LMTD of Cross Flow Heat Exchanger C
0
27.12 34.27 LMTD Corection Factor
Let Tube Outside Diameter be mm 19
m 0.019
Fin Type- Fins Circular
Tube Length Inch 19 2.3195808
No of Fins Nos 170
Number of Fin Per linear Inch Nos 9
No of Fins Per 1 Meter Length 352
Fin thickiness mm 1
Fin Outer Diameter OD m 0.05
Tube Pitch mm 53
Viscosity of Air at 60 Degree Celcius kg/ m.S 0.00002
Fin material- Mild Steel
AIR SIDE HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT

Equivalent Diameter 2( Fin area + Bare Tube Area) For Calculating Reynolds No
Pi( Projected Permiter)
Fin Area/m of One Tube
2x∏/4 x (Fin OD2- Do2) x No of Fins Per
1 m Length
(Fin OD2- Do2) 0.002
Fin Area/m of onE tUBE (AF1) Sq meter 1.183 Af 1 :Fin Area Per Meter of Tube
Fin Area for 483 MM Sq meter 0.571
Bare Tube Area/meter of one Tube (Ao1) Pi x do x 1 - pi x do xnf
Bare Tube Area/meter of one Tube m2/m 0.0386 Ao1 : Bare tube Area Per meter of Tube

Projected Perimeter per 1 m of one Tube 2(Fin OD- dO) X nf- 2(1-tf * nf )
m 20.545 Proj. Perimeter :

So Equivalvent Diameter 2(Fin area+ Bare Tube Area) pi


x ( Projected Perimeter)
m 0.038 De : Equivalent Diameter
Shell Side OR Air Side Flow Area : (Air Facing area - Area Occupied by Finned Tubes)
Air facing area = Lenght of Area x Width of Area = Tube Length x Width of area
Let tube length (L) mm 483
m 0.483
Let width of air facing area (W) mm 1000
m 1.00
No of tube in one bank,perpendicular to flow of air Nos 18.87
Say (np) Nos 18.9
997
X 3
Flow area ( Air Facing Area)
WL- np x do x L - np ( Fin OD- Tube OD)
tf x nf x L
0.4927
0.1732
0.0995
Flow Area Sq meter 0.2200 Flow Area

Mass Velocity Gs =Mass flow/ Flow Area Sq meter 3.030 Gs

Reynold Number Re= De x Gs/ Ua 5738.6 Re


Factor for Heat Transfer Coefficient Jf 0.0852072 Re(0.7324)
Re(0.7324) 566.1741159907
48.242111136 Jf
Clean Heat Transfer Coefficient for 100 % fin Efficiency hf =(jf k* Pr1/3 )/de

Prandtl number of at 60 0
C Pr = Cpa ua / Ka
Thermal Condutivity of Air at 60 Degree W/m.k 0.028784
Prandtl number of at 60 0.72728
33.01
Clean side Heat Transfer Coefficient (hf') w/m2.k 33.0070225233 hf : Clean Side Heat Transfer Coefficient
Dirty fin side heat transfer coefficient based on inside hf' = (pi x Af x Ao') x hf'/Ai
heat transfer area and fin efficiency
Total Fin Area Af Af = nt x Af 1 x L
0.571 Af'
Total Bare tube Area Ao' = nt x Ao1 x L
0.0187 Ao'

Let Tube Inside Diameter to be mm 0.0148336


0.0224969344
(re-rb) Root( hf' /Km x Yp )
re Fin OD/ 2
0.025 Re
rb 0.010 Rb
Km= Thermal Conductivity of Fin Material ( Mild Steel) W/M C 45
Yb= Fin thickness/2
0.001 Yb
re-rb 0.0155
hf'/km yb 1467.0
root( hf'/km yb) 38.30
re-rb(root hf'/km yb) 0.59367
re/rb 2.6316
From Graph Sigma = 0.87
hf1' w/m2 C 865.6903804397 hf1'
Evaluation of Hi
Tube side flow Area at
Let no of tubes per pass Nos 18.8679245283
At Sq meter 0.003259
Tube side Mass Velocity AT= m/AT
At kg/ m2.S 204.561 at
Tube Side Velocity m/s 0.2046 2775
Tueb side Reynold number 9632.92
Prandtl Number 2.17374
Using Dittus Bolter Equation hi (hi di /kf )= 0.023 Re0.8 Pr0.33 (u/Uw)0.14
Reynold number 1538.17684
Prandtl Number 1.29205
Kf W/m.k 0.67400 Thermal Conductivity
0.02300
2076.94918
Using Dittus Bolter Equation hi w/m2 C 2076.94918214 hi : Heat Transfer coefficient

Over all heat transfer Coefficient 1/(1/hf' + 1/hi +1/ hid))


(1/hf )- 1/Dirty Fin side Heat transfer Coefficient Based 0.001155
on inside heat transfer area and fin efficiency
(1/hi)- 1/ Tube side Heat transfer Coefficient hi 0.000481
Heat transfer coefficient shell side 0.000200
(1/hf' + 1/hi +1/ hid) 0.001837
1/(1/hf' + 1/hi +1/ hid)) 544.4776025254 U: Overall Heat Transfer Coefficeint
Heat Load Q= Ui A Delta Tm
Heat load of air for increasing temprature of air from 23 25800 Q in Watt
TO 60 Degee celcius
So Heat transfer Area Inside Required is 1.7474
Let Heat Transfer Area Provided (10% Increase) 1.9222
Heat Transfer Area Per Bank =np x Pi x Di x L Sq meter 0.4245 81.5111506633
Number of Bank Required 4.5284
Total No of Fins Tube Required Nos 85.4415
Total Fin Area Af Sq meter 48.8189
Total Bare tube Area Sq meter 1.5947796496
Total Outside Heat transfer Area Sq meter 50.4136606788

H.T.A required 1.440


30% Excess 1.8716838463
Say, H.T.A 2 Sq. Mtr
22200 Kcal/hr

1110 m3/hr

29.9667601378838 Degree C

0.9049
27.1169
1.183

0.0386

20.545

0.0379

0.22

3.030

5738.61

48.24
33.0070225233

nt(0.571)

nt(0.0187)

0.025
0.0095

0.0005

865.6903804397

204.561
0.674

2076.94918214

544.4776025254