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Jr. Medicon KEY (03.08.

2008)

Answers are highlighted.


Key terms where the mistake lies are coloured red.

41. Cysticercus cellulosae in the muscles of man is an example for


1. Coelozoic parasite 2. Nonpathogenic parasite
3. Aberrant parasite 4. Periodic parasite
42. Find the correct match

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1. Sphaerospora polymorpha - hyperparasite 2. Trichomonas vaginalis – enterozoic
3. Enterobius vermicularis - monogenetic 4. Taenia solium - digenetic
43. Match the following and choose the correct combination:
List-I List-II
A. Toxocara 1. Intermediate host

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B. Gnu 2. Paratenic host
C. Anopheles 3. Mechanical vector
D. Snail 4. Pseudocoelomate
5. Reservoir host
6. Biological vector
1. A-2; B-5; C-6; D-1 2. A-4; B-5; C-3; D-1
ri 3. A-4; B-5; C-1; D-3
44. A man infected by E. histolytica but not suffering from any ill effects is a
1. mechanical vector 2. reservoir host 3. biological vector
4. A-4; B-5; C-6; D-1

4. carrier
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45. Match the following and choose the correct combination:
List-I List-II
A. Gigantism 1. Adult Fasciola
B. Neoplasia 2. Sacculina
C. Hypertrophy 3. Plasmodium
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D. Castration 4. Viruses
5. Larvae of Fasciola.
1. A-5; B-4; C-3; D-2 2. A-5; B-4; C-2; D-3 3. A-1; B-4; C-3; D-2 4. A-5; B-4; C-1; D-2
a

46. Consider the following statements about nephron of rabbit:


I. Most intestinal parasites are obligatory anaerobes.
II. Multiplication of Fasciola hepatica occurs in by the parthenogenesis of the propagatory cells of
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larvae.
III. The reproductive system of tapeworms shows the greatest adaptation for perpetuation of species.
1. All are true 2. Only I and III 3. Only I and III 4. Only II and III
47. Assertion (A) : It is difficult to produce vaccines against malaria.
Reason (R) : Plasmodium changes its antibodies from time to time.
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1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the correct explanation of 'A'
2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct explanation of 'A'
3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true
48. Consider the following statements:
I. Entamoeba histolytica was first identified by Lorsch.
II. Plasmodium was first observed in the blood of a malaria patient by Laveran.
III. Life cycle of Plasmodium vivax in the female anopheles mosquito was described by Ronald Ross.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only II 2. Only I and II 3. Only II and III 4. All are true.
49. Consider the following statements about Entamoeba histolytica:
I. Both karyokinesis and cytokinesis occur in trophozoite and metacystic forms.
II. Karyokinesis occurs but cytokinesis does not occur in uninucleate cyst and binucleate cyst.
III. Neither karyokinesis not cytokinesis occurs in precystic stage and tetranucleate cyst.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true.
50. Consider the following statements about Entamoeba histolytica:
I. It has a vesicular and cart-wheel like nucleus.
II. A small endosome or nucleolus lies in the centre of the nucleus.

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III. Minute beads attached to the inner surface of the nuclear membrane are made up of chromatin.
IV. Chromatin filaments that radiate like spokes of a wheel from endosome to the inner surface of
nuclear membrane constitute most of the chromatin.
Which of the above are true?
1. All except I 2. All except III 3. All except IV 4. All are true.

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51. Consider the following statements about Entamoeba histolytica:
I. Encystment occurs in the lumen of colon and rectum.
II. Excystment occurs in the lumen of small intestine.
III. Encystment is a naturally occurring phenomenon to tide over unfavourable conditions.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III
ri 3. Only I and III
52. Stage of Plasmodium that can be found in the blood of both the hosts is
1. gametocytes 2. trophozoite 3. sporozoite
4. All are true.

4. schizont
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53. Consider the following statements about sporozoite of Plasmodium vivax:
I. It is the pathogenic stage.
II. It has apical sucker at the anterior end.
III. A pair of rhoptries present in it secrete cytolytic enzyme which helps in penetration of sporozoite into
liver cells.
IV. Throughout the length of its body are present microtubules of unknown function.
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Which of the above are true?


1. Only II, III and IV 2. Only II and III 3. Only III 4. Only I, II and III
55. Assertion (A) : Mosquito is called mechanical vector of Plasmodium vivax.
a

Reason (R) : Sporozoites of Plasmodium develop into merozoites after they are transferred to
man.
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1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the correct explanation of 'A'
2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct explanation of 'A'
3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true
56. Consider the following statements about Plasmodium vivax:
I. Wriggling movement is exhibited by sporozoite.
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II. Lashing movement is exhibited by microgametes.


III. The only diploid motile stage is ookinete.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true.
57. Plasmodium vivax is viable but does not undergo any further development in
1. man 2. mosquito 3. moneky 4. none of these
58. Consider the following statements about Plasmodium vivax:
I. Micrometacryptocerozoites infect erythrocytes but not hepatocytes.
II. Macrometacryptocerozoites infect hepatocytes but not erythrocytes.
III. Sporozoites infect hepatocytes but not erythrocytes
IV. Cryptomerozoites infect both hepatocytes and erythrocytes.
Which of the above are true?
1. All except I 2. All except II 3. All except III 4. All are true.
59. In the live cycle of Plasmodium vivax, gametocytes are formed in
1. lumen of stomach of mosquito 2. RBC of man

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3. stomach wall of mosquito 4. blood plasma of man
60. The following are the stages in erythrocytic cycle of Plasmodium:
A. Stage with shuffner’s dots B. Stages that are irregularly arranged in RBC
C. Stage with vacuole D. Multinucleate stage
What is their correct sequence?

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1. ACDB 2. CABD 3. CADB 4. CDAB
61. Find out the wrong match with respect to Plasmodium vivax:
1. Cold stage – Release of haemozoin 2. Hot Stage – Increased pulse rate
3. Prepatient Period – Parasites in blood 4. Incubation Period – 10 to 14 days
63. Consider the following statements about Taenia solium:
I. Taenia solium exhibits pseudometamerism.
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II. Formation of new proglottids is called proglottisation.
III. Budding zone of Taenia solium is neck.
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Which of the above are true?
1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true.
64. Consider the following statements about Taenia solium:
I. Proglottids are held together by longitudinal excretory canals and nerve cords.
II. Proglottids having branched uterus are wider than long.
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III. Reproductive organs are not developed in proglottids that are wider than long.
IV. Rectangular proglottids have genital papillae.
Which of the above are true?
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1. All except I 2. All except II and IV 3. All except IV 4. All are true.
65. Assertion (A) : Nutrition in Taenia solium is saprobic.
Reason (R) : It absorbs nutrients through tegument.
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1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the correct explanation of 'A'
2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct explanation of 'A'
3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true
66. Consider the following statements about Taenia solium:
I. Tegument is living and syncytial
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II. Tegument secreting cells present in parenchyma maintain continuity with tegument through
cytoplasmic processes.
III. Tegumentary musculature consists of inner circular muscles and outer longitudinal muscles.
IV. Tegument helps for protection and absorption.
V. Parenchyma is a syncytial network formed by unbranched mesenchymal cells.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only I, II, IV 2. Only I, II, III and IV 3. Only I, II, IV and V 4. All are true.
67. Consider the following statements about parenchyma of Taenia solium:
I. It fills the space present between body wall and alimentary canal.
II. It helps for internal transport of substances and serves as packing material.
III. Parenchymal musculature consists of longitudinal, transverse and dorsoventral muscle fibres.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true.
68. Consider the following statements about Taenia solium:
I. A full set of male reproductive system and a full set of female reproductive system occurs in 600th
proglottid.

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II. A proglottid has many testes and one ovary.
III. Flame cells are attached to the lateral excretory canal.
Which of the above are true?
1. Only I and II 2. Only II and III 3. Only I and III 4. All are true.
69. Assertion (A) : In anterior mature proglottids of Taenia solium, only male reproductive organs

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are well-developed but not female reproductive organs.
Reason (R) : Taenia solium is protandrous.
1. Both 'A' and 'R' are true and 'R' is the correct explanation of 'A'
2. Both 'A' and 'R' are true but 'R' is not correct explanation of 'A'
3. 'A' is true but 'R' is false 4. 'A' is false but 'R' is true

A. Cirrus
E. Vas deferens
B. Oviduct
F. Vagina
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70. The following are the parts in the reproductive system of Taenia solium.
C. Vasa efferentia
G. Ootype
What is the correct path of passage of sperms during self-fertilization?
D. Common gonopore
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1. CEAFBGD 2. CEAFBG 3. ECAFBG 4. CEAFG
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