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Test bank For Introduction to

Psychoneuroimmunology 2nd Edition by Jorge

H. Daruna

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Jorge H. Daruna
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Sample Questions

Chapter 2

1. Health is a characteristic of life that

2. a) is reflected in the behavior of individuals
3. b) affects the group only in humans
4. c) both a and b
5. d) none of the above
2. The evolution of healing is disucussed in detail by
3. a) Charles Darwin
4. b) Edward S. Golub
5. c) Horacio Fábrega
6. d) Milton Erickson

3. Attempts at healing the sick by early humans

4. a) were never conducted by close kin
5. b) were intended to delay death
6. c) did not pose a risk for the healer
7. d) were temporary and focused on recovery

4. The classical medical traditions of antiquity

5. a) were free of magical and religious overtones
6. b) arose first in Greek civilization
7. c) viewed disease as resulting entirely from naturals causes
8. d) remained influential for millenia

5. Chinese, Indian, and Greek medical traditions all emphasized the

6. a) balanced flow of substances as essential to health
7. b) centrality of heart-mind to happiness
8. c) role of digestive-fire in neutralizing experience
9. d) impact of black-bile excess on emotional disease

6. An understanding that disease could be spread by contact

7. a) is a recent development resulting from science
8. b) was understood in antiquity
9. c) did not have an impact on health until the 20th century
10. d) was precluded by the notion that disease was due to the
imbalance of humors

7. Microscopic life forms such as bacteria were discovered in

8. a) 1543
9. b) 1628
10. c) 1670
11. d) 1883

8. The individual credited with recognizing that the body actively fought
infection was
9. a) Elie Metchnikoff
10. b) Edward Jenner
11. c) Louis Pasteur
12. d) Shibaraburo Kitusata

9. As the 20th century approched and during its early decades major
discoveries began

to show how life sustaining activities were regulated and

1. a) Claude Bernard discovered hormones

2. b) Walter H. Gaskill concluded that the involuntary system had


1. c) Walter Cannon named the autonomic nervous system

2. d) Ivan Pavlov proposed the milieu interiur to explain his finding tha
dogs could

salivate to the sound of a bell

10. The idea that disease must be understood in holistic terms and
treatment directed at

the whole person

1. a) was not evident in antiguity

2. b) blossomed after the germ theory of disease became established
3. c) was clearly evident at the end of the 19th century
4. d) had to wait for psychoneuroimmunology to gain recognition

11. Communication between the brain and the immune system was
12. a) originally explored based on the work of Cannon
13. b) actively sought by Ader based on his theory of
14. c) gained acceptance after it was shown that brain cells resemble
immune cells
15. d) supported by the finding that immune suppression could be


12. Which of the following was an important contributor to the

research which set the

stage for the emergence of psychoneuroimmunology

1. a) Hans Selye
2. b) George Solomon
3. c) Aaron F. Rasmussen, Jr.
4. d) all of the above

13. Human studies have failed to document that immune responses

are affected by life

events and emotional states such as

1. a) bereavement
2. b) depression
3. c) marital conflict
4. d) none of the above

14. Hugo Besedovsky and Alejandra del Rey demonstrated that

15. a) sympathetic nerve fibers innervate lymphoid tissue
16. b) molecules released by immune cells activate the hypothalamic-

adrenal axis

1. c) immune cells release pituitary peptides

2. d) rabies vaccine caused brain inflammation