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Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator is planning five additional VLANs to be shared throughout the VTP domain on S3. What
action should the administrator take before creating the additional VLANs?
Create the VLANs on a switch in VTP server mode and allow them to propogate to the other switches in the domain.

Modify the configuration revision to 10 to support the additional VLANs.

Enable the VTP pruning mode in order to create the VLANs on S3.

Enable the VTP v2 mode.

2 Which configuration changes will increment the configuration revision number on the VTP server?
configuring trunk links on the VTP server

configuring or changing the VTP password

configuring or changing the VTP domain name

configuring or changing the VTP version number

configuring or deleting a VLAN or creating a VLAN name

3 What identifier in the BPDU creates a unique BID for a switch?

IP address

MAC address

bridge priority


port priority

Refer to the exhibit. Which two facts can be confirmed by this output? (Choose two.)
This switch shows no configuration revision errors.

This switch has established two-way communication with the neighboring devices.
This switch is configured to advertise its VLAN configuration to other VTP-enabled switches in the same VTP domain.

This switch will drop all VTP advertisements that come from the switches that are configured in the same VTP domain.
This switch will cause no disruption in the VTP domain operations if the rest of the switches in the same VTP domain have a higher
configuration revision number.

5 Why is it important that the network administrator consider the spanning-tree network diameter when choosing the root bridge?
The network diameter limitation is 9.

BPDUs may be discarded because of expiring timers.

The cabling distance between the switches is 100 meters.

The network diameter must be set to the number of meters of the cable between the root bridge and its farthest connected switch.

Refer to the exhibit. Which statement is true regarding the information shown?
Only one VLAN is currently configured to use the trunk links.

The switch negotiated trunk links for interfaces Fa0/1 and Gi0/1.

A Cisco proprietary protocol is in use for interfaces Fa0/1 and Gi0/1.

Interfaces Gi0/1 and Fa0/1 are allowed to carry data from multiple VLANs.

7 Which statement regarding the service password-encryption command is true?

The service password-encryption command is entered at the privileged EXEC mode prompt.

The service password-encryption command encrypts only passwords for the console and VTY ports.
The service password-encryption command encrypts all previously unencrypted passwords in the running configuration.
To see the passwords encrypted by the service password-encryption command, enter the no service password-encryption

8 How are data frames identified and sent to the correct VLAN when exiting an Ethernet trunk?
Frames are forwarded to the correct VLAN based on the VLAN tag.

Frames are always forwarded to the native VLAN when exiting a trunk.

Frames are forwarded to the correct VLAN based on the source IP address.

Frames are forwarded to the correct VLAN based on information in the MAC address table.

Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator enters the displayed commands to configure VLAN 30. What is the result of running these
VLAN 30 will be added to S1, S2, and S3, but not to S4.

VLAN 30 will be pruned from the VLAN database of S3.

VLAN 30 will be added to the VLAN database of S3 but will not be propagated to S4, S2 or S1.

VLAN 30 will not be added to the VLAN database of S3 and an error message will be displayed.

10 What VLANs are allowed across a trunk when the range of allowed VLANs is set to the default value?
All VLANs will be allowed across the trunk.

Only VLAN 1 will be allowed across the trunk.

Only the native VLAN will be allowed across the trunk.

The switches will negotiate via VTP which VLANs to allow across the trunk.

Refer to the exhibit. RTB is configured for traditional inter-VLAN routing. RTB can ping computer A but cannot ping computer B. What is a
possible cause of this failure?
Port Fa0/11 is in the wrong VLAN.

RTB does not have an active routing protocol.

The IP address of computer B is in the wrong logical network.

Router interface Fa0/1 has the wrong trunk encapsulation type configured.

12 Which statement is correct about STP architecture?

Spanning Tree Protocol will guarantee a loop free Layer 2 topology.

Spanning Tree Protocol guarantees the shortest path to destination networks.

The switch with the highest priority will be assigned the lowest BID in the root election.

The first step in the spanning-tree election process is to determine the root port.

To select designated ports, the spanning-tree algorithm must determine the longest contiguous path from the root bridge.


Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator enters the configuration shown to allow both SSH and Telnet connections to the switch.
The Telnet connections fail. What is the most likely cause of this problem?
The SSH version number is wrong.

SSH has been configured on the wrong line.

Telnet and SSH cannot be configured simultaneously.

The transport input command is configured incorrectly.

Refer to the exhibit. Router R-West and switch S-West1 are connected via a single ethernet cable between the router interface fa0/0 and
the switch interface fa0/1. The router and switch have been configured with the commands that are displayed in the exhibit. The network
administrator enters the show interfaces trunk command and receives the output as shown. What is the cause of the "not-trunking"
status for switch port Fa0/1?
The trunk is established, but no VLANs have been configured to use it.

The router is missing the dynamic trunking protocol statements necessary to form a trunk.

Because the router does not support Dynamic Trunking Protocol, the trunk has not been established.
The router, the switch, or both must be configured with the dynamic desirable option for Dynamic Trunking Protocol to establish a

15 After unpacking a new Linksys WRT300N wireless multifunction device, a user needs to change the default administrator password and
make other configuration changes. What must the user do to access the device in order to make these changes?
Use a wireless client to associate with the WRT300N and then open a HyperTerminal session with the device.

Establish a wired connection with the device and then reboot the attached computer to launch the configuration software.
Establish a wired connection from a computer in the same IP subnet as the WRT300N and enter the default IP address of the
device into a web browser on the computer.
Modify the TCP/IP properties of the computer that is connected to the WRT300N so that the computer and the WRT300N exist on
the same network. Then reboot the computer to establish a connection.
Refer to the exhibit. The VTP domain has been configured as shown in the exhibit. None of the configured VLANs on SW1 and SW2 are
present on SW3. What should be done to remedy the problem?
Reconfigure switches SW2 and SW3 in VTP transparent mode.

Reconfigure the VTP password to be consistent on all VTP switches.

Reconfigure all switches as VTP clients to synchronize the VLAN database information.

Reconfigure the VTP server as a VTP client and then return to VTP server mode to reset the configuration revision number.


Refer to the exhibit. Users complain that they do not have connectivity to the web server that is connected to SW1. What should be done
to remedy the problem?
Allow all VLANs on the trunk link.

Configure VLAN 100 as the native VLAN for SW1.

Configure the trunk port in trunk mode on SW1.

Attach the web server to a router and configure inter-VLAN routing.


Refer to the exhibit. Both switches are configured with default bridge priority. Which port will act as the STP root port if all links are
operating at the same bandwidth?
Fa0/1 interface of S1

Fa0/2 interface of S1

Fa0/1 interface of S2

Fa0/2 interface of S2

19 Using the command copy tftp:backup.cfg startup-config, an administrator downloaded a saved configuration from a TFTP server to a
switch. Why does the administrator not detect any changes in the switch configuration after the download completes?
The command should have been copy startup-config tftp:backup.cfg.

A backup configuration from a TFTP server cannot be copied directly into the startup-config.

The command copy running-config startup-config should be used to save the changes on the switch.

Downloading to the startup-config requires the switch to be reloaded in order for the configuration to take effect.

20 In setting up a wireless infrastructure network, which device is used to associate a client computer to the network?
an Ethernet switch

a wireless access point

another wireless computer

a hard-wired computer on the network

Refer to the exhibit. Router R1 is connected to a switch through a trunk. What two ways are indicative of how the router handles
incoming VLAN traffic? (Choose two.)
Data from VLAN 20 is not being routed.

Incoming traffic with VLAN ID 1 is processed by interface Fa0/0.

Incoming traffic that has a VLAN ID of 10 is processed by subinterface Fa0/0.1.

VLAN traffic is processed on the subinterfaces even if Fa0/0 line protocol goes down.

The router uses a unique MAC address on VLAN 10 and 20 by adding the 802.1Q VLAN ID to the hardware address.

Traffic inbound on this router is processed by different subinterfaces depending on the VLAN from which the traffic originated.


Refer to the exhibit. What is the purpose of the configuration commands that are shown?
to activate port Fa0/10

to make the port a member of VLAN 30

to activate port security on port Fa0/10

to add VLAN 30 to the trunk that is connected to port Fa0/10

23 Which three statements are correct concerning the default configuration of a new switch? (Choose three.)
Spanning Tree Protocol is disabled.

Enable password is configured as cisco.

All switch ports are assigned to VLAN1.

The flash directory contains the IOS image.

VLAN1 is configured with a management IP address.

All interfaces are set to auto-negotiation of speed and duplex.

24 Where is the information of newly created VLANs stored on a switch?





Refer to the exhibit. What three statements describe why Host1 and Host2 are unable to communicate? (Choose three.)
The switch ports are on different VLANs.

The switch IP address is on the wrong subnet.

The hosts are configured on different logical networks.

A router is required to forward traffic between Host1 and Host2.

The VLAN port assignments must be contiguous for each VLAN.

The host default gateway addresses must be on the same logical network.
26 Which statement correctly describes the spanning-tree path cost?
It is calculated based on the total number of switches connected in a loop.

It is calculated based on the utilization of all the switches along a given path.

It is calculated based on the bridge priority of the switches along a given path.

It is calculated based on the sum of the port cost value, determined by link speed, for each switch port along a given path.

27 What impact does the use of the mdix auto configuration command have on an Ethernet interface on a switch?
automatically detects duplex settings

automatically detects interface speed

automatically detects copper cable type

automatically assigns the first detected MAC address to an interface


Refer to the exhibit. How is port Gi1/1 on SWT-A functioning in the spanning-tree topology?
It is sending and receiving data frames.

It is receiving BPDUs, but not sending data frames.

It is participating in the election process by forwarding the BPDUs it receives.

It is receiving BPDUs and populating the MAC address table, but not sending data.

29 Which statement is accurate about fast-forward switching?

The switch stores the first 64 bytes of the frame before forwarding.

After reading the destination address, the switch immediately forwards a frame.

The switch receives the complete frame and stores it in buffers before forwarding it.
The switch analyzes the frame for information about its destination. After confirming the integrity of the frame, the switch forwards it
out the correct port.


Refer to the exhibit. The switch VTY lines have been properly configured, but PC1 is unable to remotely manage the switch. How can
this problem be resolved?
Configure the Fa0/1 interface of the switch in trunk mode.

Configure a default gateway on the switch.

Configure the native VLAN on the switch.

Configure the Fa0/1 interface of the switch to allow all VLANs.


After listening for the presence of a signal on the network media, hosts A and C transmit data at the same time. In what two ways do the
hosts respond to this situation? (Choose two.)
The hosts transmit a jam signal to ensure that all hosts on the network are aware that a collision has occured.

Because they are operating in full-duplex mode, the hosts resume listening for traffic in preparation for sending future messages.

Because the hub will temporarily block traffic from one of the hosts, that host will be allowed to transmit once the wire is clear.

Hosts A and C are assigned shorter backoff values to provide them priority to access the media for retransmission.

After the backoff period of a host, the host checks to determine if the line is idle before retransmitting.

Refer to the exhibit. Assuming the bridge priority values are set to default on all switches, which switch will be elected as the root bridge
of the spanning tree topology?




33 When port security is used on a switch, which violation mode will cause an SNMP trap to be sent and traffic to be dropped when the
number of secure MAC addresses for a port is reached?





Refer to the graphic. In the Wireless menu option of a Linksys integrated router, what does the Network Mode option Mixed mean?
The router supports encryption and authentication.

The router supports both wired and wireless connections.

The router supports 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n devices.

The router supports connectivity through infrared and radio frequencies.

35 A network administrator is asked to connect four switches that are each configured with eight VLANs. Routers that have two
FastEthernet ports each that support trunking are available. What is the minimum number of routers needed to interconnect traffic from
all of the VLANs if trunking is allowed?


Refer to the exhibit. Which password allows the administrator to enter the privileged exec mode?




37 A wireless LAN access point will convert traffic between which two frame encapsulation types?
802.1 and 802.11

802.3 and 802.11

802.3 and 802.16

802.5 and 802.16

38 A wireless access point can function as which type of shared medium, wired LAN device?



39 What is the correct order in which the STP components are chosen?
designated ports, nondesignated ports, root bridge, root ports

nondesignated ports, designated ports, root ports, root bridge

root bridge, root ports, designated ports, nondesignated ports

root ports, root bridge, nondesignated ports, designated ports

40 Which parameter is associated with wireless authentication?

shared key


ad hoc

Refer to the exhibit. After receiving a console notification on Switch2, the network administrator begins to troubleshoot the trunk link
between Switch1 and Switch2. Which configuration change can be made to correct the problem with the trunk link?
Set the Fa0/1 interface on Switch2 to trunk mode.

Change the trunk encapsulation on Switch2 Fa0/1 to dot1q.

Change the native VLAN on Switch2 interface Fa0/1 to VLAN 100.

Change the access mode VLAN on Switch2 to the default VLAN 1.

Refer to the exhibit. Computer A sends a broadcast message. Which devices will see the broadcast?
computer B

computer B and Router1

computer C and Router1

computer B, computer D, computer E and Router1

computer B, computer C, computer D, computer E and Router1

computer A, computer B, computer C, computer D, computer E and Router1

Refer to the exhibit. Both switches are configured as displayed and the native VLAN is the default. Which statement is true about the
frames traveling between host A and host B?
They will travel untagged.

They will be tagged with VLAN ID 1.

They will be tagged with the trunk Port VLAN ID.

They will be tagged with the highest VLAN ID.


Refer to the exhibit. A new host needs to be connected to VLAN 20. Which IP address should be assigned to this new host? /27 /28 /27 /27 /28 /27

45 A network technician is evaluating the desirable features of both access and distribution layer switches. Which two features are common
to switches at these two layers? (Choose two.)


port security

link aggregation

application based filtering

46 A network administrator enables sticky learning on all access mode interfaces of a Catalyst switch, saves the configuration, then
connects hosts to the switch. After the switch operates for several days, the administrator reboots the switch without saving the running
configuration. What is the result?
All previously learned MAC addresses are lost.

The switch reverts to non-sticky dynamic learning.

Connected hosts are no longer able to communicate with the switch.

Previously learned sticky addresses are retained in the switch configuration.


Refer to the exhibit. The switches in the exhibit have VTP pruning enabled. What will be pruned in the VTP advertisements from switch
ST-C to switch ST-1?

VLAN 20 and VLAN 30

VLAN 1, VLAN 20, and VLAN 30

VLAN 2 through VLAN 29, and VLAN 31 through VLAN 1000

Refer to the exhibit. The switches have been configured as shown. The hosts that are connected to switch 101-2FL are not able to
communicate with the hosts in their corresponding VLANs that are connected to switch 101-3FL. What should be done to fix the
Configure port Fa0/2 on switch 101-3FL as a static trunk link.

Introduce a Layer 3 device or a switch with Layer 3 capability into the topology.

Utilize the switchport trunk allowed vlan all command on switch 101-3FL to permit the VLAN traffic.

Apply IP addresses that are in the same subnet to the interfaces that are used to connect switches 101-2FL and 101-3FL.

49 Which service should be disabled on a Cisco switch or router to prevent packet sniffers from capturing information about the device?




50 Which benefit is gained by designing a network with a small network diameter?

lower latency

improved security

increased redundancy

higher interface bandwidth