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GENERAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

9. Given that n= 2, how many orbitals are there ?


1. What is the chemical name of muriatic acid ? a. 8 b.4
a. nitric acid b. hydrochloric acid c. 2 d. 6
c. hydrocyanid acid d. hypoclorous acid
10. What is the pOH of 0.018 M HCl ?
2. What is the chemical name of washing soda or sal soda ? a. 12.07 b. 12.53
a. ammonium chloride b. sodium carbonate c. 12.26 d. 12.90
c. sodium carbonate decahydrate d.sodium bicarbonate
11.What is the chemical name of oil of vitriol ?
3. Technetium –99 is used to form pictures of internal organs in the body and is often a. Iron sulfate heptahydrate b. Hydrocyanic acid
used to assess heart damage. The rate constant for decay of 99Tc43 is known to be c. Zinc sulfate heptahydrate d. Concentrated sulfuric acid
1.16 x 10 –1 / h. what is the half-life of this nuclide ?
a. 7.95 h b. 5.98 h 12. If the half-life is independent of the initial concentration, the order is
b. 8.96 h d. 6.93 h a. first order b. zero order
c. second order d. none of the above
4. What mass of ethylene glycol, C2H6O2, the main component of anti- freeze, must be
added to 10 liters of water to produce a solution for use in car’s radiator that 13. Artificial air for diving contains ___________________.
freezes at –10 ° F ? ( Assume that the density of water is 1 g per ml) a. Argon b. Nitrogen
a. 8.61 kg b. 7.77 kg c. Helium d. Hydrogen
c. 3.33 kg d. 4.26 kg
14.In determining the molecular weight of a certain protein, 1.00 mg of the protein was
5. An analyst needs a solution buffered at pH = 4.30. He can choose from the acid and dissolved in enough water to make one ml of solution. The osmotic pressure was
their sodium salts given below. found out to be 1.12 torr at 25 ° C. What is the molecular weight of the protein?
Benzoic acid Ka = 6.40 x 10 – 5 ( g per mol)
Chloroacetic acid Ka = 1.35 x 10 – 3 a. 1.52 X 10 4 b. 1.39 X 10 4
Hypochlorous acid Ka = 3.50 x 10 – 8 c. 1.66 X 10 4 d. 1.98 X 10 3
Propanoic acid Ka = 1.30 x 10 – 5 15. Given the redox reaction below, which is the reducing agent.

Which system will work best ? MnO4 - + H+ + Cl- → Mn + Cl 2 + H2O


a. Chloroacetic acid b. Benzoic acid
c. Propanoic acid d. Hypochlorous acid a. Manganese b. Chlorine
c. Hydrogen d. Oxygen
6. Which of the following has the lowest ionization energy ?
a. Be b. Ca 16. What is the percentage of oxygen in air ?
c. As d. P a. 79 b. 21
c. 12 d. 85

7. What mass of AgBr is produced when 100 ml of 0.150 M AgNO 3 is added to 20.0 ml 17. A white powder is analyzed and found to contain 43.64 % phosphorous and 56.36
of 1.00 M NaBr ? % oxygen by mass. The compound has a molar mass of 283.88. What is the
a. 2.82 g b. 3.76 g molecular formula of the compound?
c. 2.06 g d. 3.29 g a. P2O5 b. P2O6
c. P4 O12 d. P4O10
18. It is the average kinetic energy of the molecules of a substance .
a. heat b. temperature
c. enthalpy d. work
8. Bond that is formed by the overlapping of atomic orbitals when they are symmetrical
around the axis joining the two atomic nuclei. 19.What is the driving force in precipitation reaction ?
a. ionic bond b. pi bond a. formation of insoluble precipitate
c. sigma bond d. metallic bond b. solubility of the compound
c. concentration of the ions a. 24 b. 16
d. saturated solution c. 18 d. 20

20. Arrange the fluorine, chlorine and sulfur according to decreasing size. 32. Which gas is responsible for greenhouse effect?
a. S,Cl, F b. F, S, Cl a. Carbon dioxide b. Carbon monoxide
c. Cl, F, S d. F, Cl, S c. Nitrogen dioxide d. Sulfur dioxide

21.Which is a non-metal ? 33.Which is a foul smelling gas ?


a. Al b. Rb a.H2S b. N2O
c. Ni d. At c. NO2 d. CO

22.Which is the most electronegative element? 34. What is the color of methyl orange in acidic solution ?
a. Cl b. F a. red b. orange
c. I d Br c. yellow d. green

23. Arrange the following according to increasing ability to release proton. 35. Which is the most abundant element in the universe?
a. HOCl, H2C2O4 , H2O ,H2SO4 b. H2C2O4 , H2O, H2SO4 , HOCl, a. H b. N
c. H2C2O4 , H2O ,H2SO4, HOCl d. HOCl, H2C2O4 , H2SO4 , H2O c. O d. C

24. Calculate the rate of effusion rate of hydrogen gas and uranium hexafluoride (a gas 36. Which is the most abundant element on earth ?
used in the enrichment process to produce fuel for nuclear reactors). a. H b. N
a. 16.03 b. 13.21 c. O d. C
c. 13.56 d. 18.69
37. What is the percentage of hydrogen in the earth’s crust?
25. Who discovered positron ? a. 0.87 b. 0.19
a. E. Rutherford b. J. Chadwick c. 1.93 d. 0.58
c. JJ Thompson d. C. Anderson 38. What is the amount of Xenon in the atmosphere? ppm
a. 1.18 b. 0.04
26.What is the boiling point of oxygen ? (° C) c.0.087 d. 5.24
a. - 183 b. -251
c. -218.4 d. –112 39. Ostwald process is involved in the production of
27. What is the density of 50 % aqueous solution of sulfuric acid at 20 ° C ? a. sulfuric acid b. nitric acid
a. 1.3911 b. 1.4110 c. 1.3951 c. hydrochloric acid d.phosphoric acid
d.1.3990
40. Putrescine is the substance responsible for the odor of decaying fish. It has the
28. Acetylene gas can be produced by reacting calcium carbide with water. The gas had following composition:
been used to hasten the ripening of fruits like mangoes and bananas. Calculate the C 54.50 % H 13.72 % N 31.78 %
density (g/L) of acetylene at 20 ° C and 500 torr. Its molecular mass is 88.15 amu. Determine its molecular formula.
a. 0.807 b. 0.699 a. C3H10N3 b. C2H22N3
c. 0.711 d. 0.871 c. C4H12N2 d. C2H11N3

29.What is the chemical name of potassium hydroxide?


a. caustic soda b. caustic potash
c. Lye d, portlandite

30. What is the percentage of Ar in the atmosphere ?


a. 0.93 b. 0.87
c. 0.49 d. 0.58

31. Pure gold is _____ karat.