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EXAM WITH ANSWERS

PAU Practice Examination (Andalucía)

INSTRUCCIONES:
A) DURACIÓN: UNA HORA Y TREINTA MINUTOS.
B) NO SE PUEDE USAR DICCIONARIO.
C) LA PUNTUACIÓN DE CADA PREGUNTA ESTÁ INDICADA EN LAS MISMAS.

animal emotions
You may love your pet, but does your pet love you? Most animal lovers claim that animals
definitely experience emotions. Many stories are told of older dogs who become jealous when a
new dog (or a baby) arrives home. For many years, however, scientists did not agree that animals
experienced emotions; these behaviours, they said, were simply physiological reactions to external
5 stimuli. But now new research is beginning to confirm that animals may have feelings much like
ours.
Recent studies have shown that many animals, including chimpanzees, dogs, horses, rats
and birds, experience emotions similar to human jealousy, grief and love. Fear has also been widely
observed by scientists, perhaps unsurprisingly, since this emotion helps in survival. Biologist
10 Samuel Gosling claims that dogs exhibit four dimensions of personality: affection, sociability,
emotional stability and “competence”, a combination of intelligence and obedience. These are
similar to the categories of human personality generally found in basic psychological tests.
Other studies have shown that when a recording of dogs’ “laughter” is played to other
dogs, they start to play with each other, and rats who “laugh” frequently seem to be popular among
15 other rats, offering further proof of emotions among animals. In addition, animals respond to anti-
depressant drugs and this proves that their brain chemistry, which is affected by the drug, must be
similar to ours. Experts believe that their emotions must therefore be similar, too.
However, if animals really do have human-like emotions, there are some serious issues to
consider: how fair is it, for example, for humans to keep animals in cages, or use them for
20 pharmaceutical testing?

(A) COMPREHENSION (4 points)


a) ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE
YOUR OWN WORDS. (1 point per answer)
1) Why are scientists not surprised that animals experience fear?
Because fear helps in survival.
2) Under what circumstances does the writer suggest it may be unfair to keep animals in cages?
If animals feel the same emotions that humans do.
b) ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR
PHRASES FROM THE TEXT. (0.5 points per answer)
3) Animal lovers believe that dogs can be jealous.
True (line 2) “Many stories are told of older dogs who become jealous”
4) Scientists are beginning to believe that animals have got feelings.
True (line 5) “But now new research is beginning to confirm that animals may have
feelings”
5) Only humans experience both positive and negative emotions.
False (lines 7-8) “many animals … experience emotions similar to human jealousy, grief
and love”
6) Dogs often “laugh” when they see other dogs playing.
False (lines 13-14) “when a recording of dogs’ ‘laughter’ is played to other dogs, they
start to play with each other”

Photocopiable © Burlington Books 1/2


EXAM WITH ANSWERS

(B) USE OF ENGLISH (3 points)


7) Find in the text a synonym for SADNESS (noun). (0.25 points)
grief (line 8)
8) Give one opposite for FREQUENTLY (adjective, line 14). (0.25 points)
rarely, seldom, infrequently
9) Find in the text the word which has the following definition:
“being able to live or exist in spite of great danger
or difficulty” (noun) (0.25 points)
survival (line 9)
10) Give a noun with the same root as OBSERVED (verb, line 9). (0.25 points)
observation
11) Turn the following sentence into the passive voice.
In the tests that Gosling performed, dogs exhibited four dimensions
of personality. (0.5 points)
In the tests that were performed by Gosling, four dimensions of personality were
exhibited by dogs.
12) Rewrite the sentence without changing its meaning. Begin as indicated.
It seems that many animals can experience human-like emotions.
It seems that many animals are able to experience
human-like emotions. (0.5 points)
13) Fill in the gap with a correct preposition.
We are the owners of three dogs. (0.5 points)
14) Use the words in boxes to make a meaningful sentence. Use all the words
and only the words in the boxes without changing their form. (0.5 points)
TO HUMANS DRUGS REACT DO JUST ANIMALS ANTI-DEPRESSANT AS
Animals react to anti-depressant drugs just as humans do.

(C) PRODUCTION (3 points)


15) WRITE A COMPOSITION (80-100 WORDS). CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING OPTIONS.
SPECIFY YOUR OPTION.
a) Using animals in testing pharmaceutical products is entirely justified.
b) Animals are incapable of experiencing human-like emotions.
Answers will vary.

PAU Andalucía – Animal Emotions Photocopiable © Burlington Books 2/2