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Changes in numbers

93
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
• - , ,
• - , ,
• ( ! " # ) %&
• -' (
• , ) , *+
• ' ( ,' ) ,' (
• ", -
• !. / ( !. , . , ' (. , ", ,
0, 1 , 2 * , ! , , 3 )
/ 4 !'
94
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
Seven Cases
1! 5
95
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
• ( 6(7 + !7 ( . ( . 7
( + 8 '(' 9 ( :4
( ; - "( +. "( (. ( < 6=>8
( '? @ ! 6( A(B
• C D6 (3 . '( '(EF C D. < G8.
C D ( !6 ! 8 CD :4
CD ! H . 7E . C D< 6=>8.
C D 5(', - E! 8 C D I. B
• J* ?6 7 *8 ? .K ?
LM A ! # 8 6=- . ? I.
? ; - "( +. J . ?< 6=>8
96 J* ? "( 5(-
Viriventi Subrahmanyam
6 ? N * O( B
5-Jan-20
• !O . " . J (
8. " (( 3 6= : . =- !P
QR8 ! S!. 8 (. @" 6=>8
/. ( * - LT U @ B
• EF(! E EF ! 7
EF+ 4! 8 : 6 E(!
E(6 "( . ( : E(6
(- E( " 8 E(6B

97
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
1.! X. Y !
• F!. ( 7 E * *( !8( .
P(Z [\ ]^ 9 . " (+ _`
• F!. ( 7 E *( !8(
a * . P(Z [b! . [\ ]^
2 ! . " (+ _` '
2. d # (U( d 2 " )
• ! G 2-e
98
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
3.2 U ( " *
• E e` e !
4. *Y # -
• ^ e 2^ – i jF
• !k ^ . < 2^ – i %&l* 8
5. n. C N .! # ." !
N 6E
• o ' - e/< ; !2 p
99
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
6. r` < s !` < N 6E !
• Definition: ! a. (- * f.) 1 Being, becoming, happening. -2 A
respectful or honorific pronoun, translated by 'your honour', 'your
lordship, worship or highness'; (oft. used in the sense of the second
personal pronoun, but with the third person of the verb); 2 ! .
! • M.1; ! !7 (Y9+ . ' s U.5.23; R.2.4;3.48;5.16.
• !k * 1 e/ : 2 ” ^ 6 •! N/ ! e A.
! ( r # 1) < –" ! , ! *, !
# —• "( + o5 – “ ! . ™ š+ "( " ”
(! # # 2) 9 ^ 6 NC / œ; < –" +
! :C o5 “' !#— p 6 6 ' (• J "C 9 .
! !™, !p ! N ž ” ! * – * 1 * e/ : 2 ”
! + *" – ! ¡* C E -6 – “UE (# 68+!47 ! Z
E*( Z N # ”
100
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
7. 9 C N 6E – 2 £¤ ! ,
U* C !
8. !' < s ‘ ’ e/< N 6E
• ( §+ E` - ( §+ . E`
9. ' 2© . N 6E – :4 e s
< C e
• :4 - < C
• ( -( < C
101
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
10. ", * ! 5s ‘ ’ e/< N 6E –
8« e/ 8 *
11. , ^ 9 . ! ¬ N 6E ( 9 C ^ 6 ()
– o?*+ # ! R . (6
12. : 2 ” N'(< " < N 6E
• 2 -, ! # , !k e/ 2 - e/<
• 7 -! -o -! (-a" e/ 7
e/<
102
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
13. 8 2"3 27 o" 6E
(
14. 27 2" 2 ( ". -a ( -* -
® ( -* -2 ( ". " N 6E
15. " 2 ( " (!/ # N 6E
• ( 7 e/< 8 ( 7 e
• ! ,# 86 , a # e/ * . 67 !” . ¯
2 ( " . X
103
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20
C[ * !
16. + 2/ . P!E +
2 8 . +. ' ( 4 !
• Slow speech is usually regarded as less than
110 wpm, or words per minute.
• Conversational speech generally falls
between 120 wpm at the slow end, to 160 -
200 wpm in the fast range.
• People who read books for radio or
podcasts are often asked to speak at 150-
160 wpm.
• Auctioneers or commentators who
practice speed speech are usually in the
250 to 400 wpm range.
104
Viriventi Subrahmanyam 5-Jan-20