Sie sind auf Seite 1von 74

MICROPHONES

& conditioning
Brüel  &  Kjær is a world-leading manufacturer
and supplier of sound and vibration measure-
ment systems. Brüel  &  Kjær helps its partners
and customers measure and manage the
quality of sound and vibration in products
and the environment. Our focus areas are
automotive businesses, ground transportation,
aerospace, space, defence, airport environ-
ment, urban environment, telecom and audio.

Brüel  &  Kjær has an unparalleled portfolio of


sound and vibration measuring equipment
and is a renowned deliverer of innovative
instrumentation solutions.

With more than 90 sales offices or local agents


in 55 countries, and eight accredited calibra-
tion centres worldwide, Brüel  &  Kjær provides
immediate and comprehensive customer
support.

PRODUCT CATALOGUE, version 16


BF 02108– 16

www.bksv.com

HEADQUARTERS: Brüel & Kjær Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S · DK-2850 Nærum · Denmark
Telephone: +45 77 41 20 00 · Fax: +45 45 80 14 05 · www.bksv.com · info@bksv.com
Local representatives and service organisations worldwide
BF0208-16_Welcome.qxp
BF0208-16_Welcome.qxp
17-12-2008
17-12-2008
12:50
12:50
SideSide
2 2

WELCOME
WELCOME LITERATURE
LITERATUREOVERVIEW
OVERVIEW
Welcome
Welcome to Brüel
to Brüel
& Kjær’s
& Kjær’s
Microphones
Microphones & Con-
& Con- COMPANY
COMPANY
PROFILE
PROFILE
ANDAND
MARKET
MARKET
SEGMENT
SEGMENT
BROCHURES
BROCHURES
ditioning
ditioning
Catalogue
Catalogue covering
coveringourour
fullfull
range
range
of of
Microphones,
Microphones, Preamplifiers,
Preamplifiers,Accessories,
Accessories,Hydro-
Hydro- Company
Company
ProfileProfile
– BG 1527
– BG 1527

phones,
phones, Pressure
Pressure Transducers
Transducers andand Acoustic
Acoustic Automotive
Automotive
– BG 1530
– BG 1530

Conditioning
ConditioningAmplifiers.
Amplifiers.
TheThe
products
products
areare
sorted
sorted Aerospace
Aerospace
& Defence
& Defence
– BG 1533
– BG 1533

individually
individually
intointo
easy
easy
to follow
to follow
tables
tables
listing
listing
thethe Telecom
Telecom
& Audio
& Audio
– BG 1534
– BG 1534

most
mostimportant
important specifications
specifications andand
making
making it it
Inspired
Inspired
Partnership
Partnership
– BG 1588
– BG 1588
easy
easy
forfor
youyou
to select
to select
thethe
right
right
product
product forfor
your
your
Environmental
Environmental
Noise Noise
Management
Management
– BG 1616
– BG 1616
particular
particular
measurement
measurement needs.
needs.
CD-ROM
CD-ROM

Master
Master
Catalogue
Catalogue
– BJ 0234
– BJ 0234
A Heritage
A Heritage
in Excellence
in Excellence
Although
Although originally
originally
invented by byHighly
invented Highly
skilled
skilled
specialists
specialists
assemble
assemble
Edward
EdwardChristopher
Christopher
Wente backbackall our
Wente all our
microphones
microphones in ainclean
a clean
in 1916,
in 1916, condenser
condenser measuringroom
measuring room
environment.
environment. MostMost
of our
of our Transducers
Transducers
& Conditioning
& Conditioning
Selection
Selection
GuideGuide
– BJ 0239
– BJ 0239
microphones
microphones werewere not not reallymicrophones
really microphones use use
stainless
stainless
steelsteel
produced
produced in volume
in volume quantitiesand and
quantities laserlaser
welding
weldingtechnology.
technology. PRODUCT
PRODUCT
CATALOGUES
CATALOGUES
untiluntil
19561956 when whenBrüel Brüel & KjærLately
& Kjær Lately
though,
though,the use
the of
usetitani-
of titani-
introduced
introduced TypeType
41314131 TypeTypeum has
and and um pushed
has pushed microphone
microphone per- per- Accelerometers
Accelerometers
& Conditioning
& Conditioning
– BF 0212
– BF 0212

41324132cartridges.
cartridges.
At theAt the of offormance
end end formance one one stepstep further,
further,
the the
fifties
fifties
BrüelBrüel
& Kjær
& Kjær alreadybringing
already bringing
withwith
it benefits
it benefits
suchsuch
as as PULSEPULSE
Analyzers & Solutions
Analyzers – BF 0209
& Solutions – BF 0209

had had
a complete
a completerange range of meas-the surface
of meas- the surface
microphone
microphone technol-
technol-
Microphones & Conditioning
Microphones – BF 0208
& Conditioning – BF 0208
uringuringmicrophones
microphones coveringogy ogy
covering and and
the theall-titanium
all-titanium
Low-Low-
sizessizes
fromfrom ¼- to¼- 1-inch. EverEvernoise
to 1-inch. noise
TEDSTEDS Microphone
Microphone TypeType
SoundSound
Level Level
MeterMeter
Solutions
Solutions
– BF 0213
– BF 0213
since,
since,
BrüelBrüel
& Kjær
& Kjær
has has its its4955.
keptkept 4955.
commitment
commitment to to maintaining
maintaining Microphone
Microphone
Type Type
41604160

market
market
leadership
leadership in measuringWealth
in measuring Wealth of Experience
of Experience MAGAZINES
MAGAZINES
microphones.
microphones. A number
A number of im-of im-Knowledge
Knowledge and andexperience
experiencego go
portant
portant
milestones
milestonesand and
numer-numer-hand-in-hand
hand-in-hand and andwe we havehave– the– Brüel
the Brüel
& Kjær
& Kjær
University
University
– from
– from
whichwhich
we can
we can
buildbuild
and and
spread
spread Magazines
Magazines
– Twice
– Twice
a Yeara Year

ous patents
ous patents
are proof
are proof
of this.
of this. accumulated
accumulated overover65 65 years’years’soundsound
and and
vibration
vibration
related
related
knowledge
knowledgeworldwide.
worldwide.
worth.
worth.
In fact,
In fact,manymanyof ourof our
Our Our
dedication
dedicationto total
to total customeremployees
customer employees are world-renownedTopTop
are world-renowned Quality
Quality SERVICE
SERVICE
BROCHURE
BROCHURE
satisfaction
satisfaction
means means
that that selectingexperts
selecting experts
in their
in their
respective
respective
fields.
fields.In all
In aspects
all aspects
of sound
of sound
and andvibration
vibration
therethere
are are
challenges
challenges to be to be
a transducer
a transducer fromfrom BrüelBrüel
& Kjær& KjærOur Our
expertise
expertise
doesn’t
doesn’t
onlyonly
come comemet.met. For For
example,
example,
makingmaking
suresure
thatthat
the the
car that
car that
one onetakestakes
to to
givesgives
you younot notonlyonlypeakpeak per- per-fromfrom
within
within
our organisation;
our organisation;it itwork work
eacheach
day day
can can
withstand
withstandthe the
mechanical
mechanicalshocks
shocks
imposed
imposed
on on
formance
formance
but also
but also
optimal
optimal
prod- prod-also also
comes comes
fromfromworking
working
closely
closelyit, demands
it, demands measurements
measurements of accuracy
of accuracy and andprecision.
precision.ThisThis
uct support.
uct support.AndAnd choosing
choosingthe thetogether
together
withwithour our
partners.
partners.
In Inrequires
requires
instruments
instruments
withwith
the performance
the performance and and
quality
quality
to match.
to match. Worldwide
Worldwide
Reliability
Reliability
– BG 1512
– BG 1512

totaltotal
measurement
measurement chain fromfromthis this
chain way waywe we can can
further
further
our ourAll ourAll our
products
products
are are
thoroughly
thoroughly tested,
tested,
oftenoften
in the
in theharshest
harshest
BrüelBrüel
& Kjær
& Kjærbrings
bringsyou youaddi-addi-declared
declared
mission
mission
– to– enhance
to enhanceenvironmental
environmental conditions.
conditions.
Extremely
Extremely
highhigh
standards
standards
are are
met metin in
tional
tional
benefits
benefitssuchsuch as CICas CICthe theenvironment,
environment, the the
quality
qualityall aspects
all aspects
of product
of productand and
service
service
provision,
provision,
as reflected
as reflectedin our
in our
(Charge
(Charge
Injection
Injection Calibration),and and
Calibration), the joy
the of
joylife
of for
life everyone
for everyonestatus status
as anas ISO
an 9001
ISO 9001certified
certified
company.
company.Legislation
Legislationalso also
sets sets
Dyn-XDyn-X
Technology,
Technology, the the
recentrecentby improving
by improving soundsound
and andcon-con-exacting
exactingstandards.
standards.
This This
often often
meansmeans
documented
documented results
results
thatthat
REq-XREq-X
technology
technology for real-timetrolling
for real-time trolling
vibration.
vibration.
WithWith
all this
all thisare are
traceable
traceable
to known
to known sources,
sources,
suchsuch
as aasnational
a national
calibration
calibration
transducer
transducer correction
correction and,and,of ofexpertise
expertise
we have
we havebeenbeen
ableable
to tolaboratory.
laboratory.AndAndnaturally,
naturally,
the the
support
support
customers
customers
receive
receive
mustmust
course,
course,
full application
full application support. establish
support. establish
our our
knowledge
knowledgecentrecentrealwaysalways
be the
be the
mostmost
reliable.
reliable.
In addition
In addition
to the
toabove,
the above,
we have
we have
a comprehensive
a comprehensive
range
range
of high-quality
of high-quality
literature
literature
including
including
Product
Product
DataData
Sheets,
Sheets,
Application
Application
Notes,
Notes,
Bulletins
Bulletins
etc. etc.
For on-line
For on-line
versions
versions
visit www.bksv.com
visit www.bksv.com

22 Microphones
Microphones
& Conditioning
& Conditioning
– January
– January
20092009 Brüel
Brüel & Kjær
& Kjær www.bksv.com
www.bksv.com
bf020816.book Page i Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

CONTENTS
A Heritage of Excellence .........................................................................................................................................1
Selecting the Right Microphone .............................................................................................................................2
Microphone Standards .......................................................................................................................................3
Electroacoustic Standards ..................................................................................................................................3
Maximum Limits and Dynamic Range ...............................................................................................................4
Replacing Discontinued Brüel & Kjær Microphones .........................................................................................4
Microphones ............................................................................................................................................................5
Free-field Microphones ......................................................................................................................................5
Diffuse-field Microphones .................................................................................................................................6
Pressure-field Microphones ................................................................................................................................7
Low-noise Microphones .....................................................................................................................................9
Array Microphones ...........................................................................................................................................10
High-intensity Testing ......................................................................................................................................11
Outdoor Microphones ......................................................................................................................................13
Laboratory Standard Microphones ..................................................................................................................14
Customised Products ........................................................................................................................................15
Miscellaneous ....................................................................................................................................................15
TEDS Microphones ............................................................................................................................................17
Microphone Preamplifiers .....................................................................................................................................21
The Classical Preamplifier .................................................................................................................................21
The DeltaTron Preamplifier .............................................................................................................................21
Brüel & Kjær Range of Microphone Preamplifiers ..........................................................................................22
Replacing Discontinued Brüel & Kjær Preamplifiers .......................................................................................22
Microphone Verification and Calibration .......................................................................................................26
Sound Intensity ......................................................................................................................................................27
Sound Intensity Probes .....................................................................................................................................27
Sound Intensity Microphone Pairs ...................................................................................................................28
Dual Preamplifier ..............................................................................................................................................28
Microphone & Preamplifier Extension Cables .....................................................................................................29
Raw Cables ........................................................................................................................................................33
Cable Length and Current Limitation in Preamplifiers ..................................................................................33
Microphone Accessories ........................................................................................................................................35
Adaptors ............................................................................................................................................................35
Windscreens ......................................................................................................................................................36
Nose Cones ........................................................................................................................................................37
Turbulence Screen ............................................................................................................................................37
Outdoor Protection ..........................................................................................................................................38
Preamplifier Holders .........................................................................................................................................38
Corrector ...........................................................................................................................................................38
Tripods ...............................................................................................................................................................39
Calibration ........................................................................................................................................................40
Calibrators .........................................................................................................................................................40
Sound Intensity Calibrators ..............................................................................................................................41
Comparison of Sound Intensity Calibrators ....................................................................................................41
Adaptors for Calibration ..................................................................................................................................42
Miscellaneous ....................................................................................................................................................43

www.bksv.com i
bf020816.book Page ii Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Hydrophones ......................................................................................................................................................... 46
Hydrophone Cables and Connectors .............................................................................................................. 47
Signal Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................. 48
NEXUS Conditioning Amplifiers ..................................................................................................................... 50
NEXUS Microphone Conditioning Amplifier .................................................................................................. 51
NEXUS DeltaTron Conditioning Amplifiers .................................................................................................... 51
NEXUS Charge Conditioning Amplifiers ........................................................................................................ 52
Microphone Power Supply Type 2829 ............................................................................................................ 53
Dual Microphone Supply Type 5935/5935-L ................................................................................................... 54
Measuring Amplifier Type 2525 ..................................................................................................................... 55
16-channel DeltaTron Conditioning Amplifier Type 2694 ............................................................................ 56
DeltaTron Power Supply Type WB-1372 ........................................................................................................ 57
Brüel & Kjær Service .............................................................................................................................................. 58
Service Agreement .......................................................................................................................................... 58
Reference Instruments .................................................................................................................................... 58
Initial Calibration ............................................................................................................................................. 59
Regular Calibration ......................................................................................................................................... 59
Accredited Calibration .................................................................................................................................... 59
Traceable Calibration ...................................................................................................................................... 59
About Calibration at Brüel & Kjær .................................................................................................................. 59
Glossary of Acoustical Terms ................................................................................................................................ 60
Sales and Service Worldwide ............................................................................................................................... 63
Index ...................................................................................................................................................................... 64
Type Number Index .............................................................................................................................................. 65

ii Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 1 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

A HERITAGE OF EXCELLENCE
Brüel & Kjær has more than 50 years of proven committ-
ment to continuous product improvement and ground-
breaking new innovations in measuring microphones.

1956 Type 4131 World’s first volume-produced measurement microphones, Types 4131
(free-field) and 4132 (pressure-field), developed, amongst others,
by Dr. Per V. Brüel
First Generation

1967 Type 4138 World’s first 1/8” measuring microphone.


Due to on-going product improvements, this type is still available

1975 Type 4160 Brüel & Kjær is requested to produce a replacement for the Western Electric
WE 640 AA Reference Microphone. As a result, Type 4160 and later the ½” Type
4180 were introduced. These are still the world de facto acoustical standards

1980 Type 4155 Brüel & Kjær launches the world’s first high-stability, measurement grade,
electret microphones

1984 Type 4179 Using advanced modelling and clever design, this microphone has a noise floor
of –2.5 dB(A), still unbeaten after nearly 30 years!

1987 Type 4182 Brüel & Kjær introduces probe microphone for measurement in extremely
confined spaces and up to more than 600ºC
Falcon Range

1993 Type 4188 * The Falcon series is introduced. Featuring stainless steel, press-fitted
diaphragms, these microphones result in a step change in microphone
technology

1994 Type 4189 Falcon series at peak performance.


Type 4189 is probably the world’s most popular ½” free-field microphone

2000 Type 4297 The world’s only one-unit Sound Intensity Calibrator enables calibration
without dismantling the probe
Titanium Generation

2003 Type 4948 * Surface Microphone – another Brüel & Kjær first.
“All Titanium” and originally developed for Aerospace applications

2004 Type 4949 * Surface Microphones now also find their way into automotive,
where they break new frontiers in wind-tunnel testing

2005 Type 4952 * Another “world’s first” from Brüel & Kjær is this outdoor microphone
where all parts exposed to the weather are made from polymer materials

2006 Type 4955 * Continuing the “All Titanium” concept, this TEDS microphone has
1.1 V/Pa sensitivity and a typical noise floor of 5.5 dB

Pictures are not to scale * Utilising one or more Brüel & Kjær patented priciples 060229

www.bksv.com A Heritage of Excellence 1


bf020816.book Page 2 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SELECTING THE RIGHT MICROPHONE


Selecting the best microphone for a given application can Which kind of input module – classical or DeltaTron®?
seem to be an overwhelming task due to the many different DeltaTron can only work with prepolarized types, and classical
types to choose from. The interactive transducer selection input with both prepolarized and externally polarized car-
guide on www.bksv.com can be a big help. In this catalogue tridges. For more information about DeltaTron and classical
we take a slightly different approach by introducing the input see the preamplifier section. For portable instru-
microphone matrix. ments and where high humidity is present, prepolarized
microphones are preferred. For more general use in the
Condenser microphones are either externally polarized or laboratory or where high temperature is present, the use
prepolarized. They come in different sizes – 1-inch, ½-inch, of external polarised microphones is recommended.
¼-inch, or 1/8-inch – and are optimised for either free-,
pressure-, or diffuse-field. Microphones that do not directly Does the microphone have to fulfill any specific standard?
match one of these classes are denoted as “Special Micro- If this is the case the “Standards” table might be helpful.
phones”.
Frequency range and maximum sound pressure level (SPL)
Not all positions in the matrix correspond to a type will often determine which microphone size to use.
number, for example, 1-inch microphones are normally externally
polarized, since they were introduced before prepolarized Generally a smaller microphone has a broader frequency
microphones could be produced with sufficient stability. range and a lower sensitivity. For more details see the
“Maximum Limits and Dynamic Range” section.
1/8-inch microphones are pressure types. Due to their small
size, the free field and pressure response are approximately For which sound field should the microphone be
the same up to quite high frequencies (for example, the optimised?
free-field correction is less than 1 dB at 15 kHz). For measurements made away from reflecting surfaces, for
example, when making outdoor measurements, or in
Mapping the Brüel & Kjær measurement microphones in acoustically well-damped indoor environments, a free-field
the microphone matrix is now a simple task. microphone is best. But for measurements made in small
closed couplers, or close to hard surfaces, a pressure-field
For selection consider the following: microphone is best. For measurements in enclosed areas
where reverberation is likely, microphones optimised for
diffuse-field (random-incidence) response are best.

Microphone Type 1/8-inch 1/4-inch 1/2-inch 1-inch Polarization


4137
4176
4954 4188 Prepolarized
Free-field 4189
4950
4190
4939 4145 Externally polarized
4191
4947
4948
4944 Prepolarized
4949
Pressure-field 4953
4938
4138 4192 4144 Externally polarized
4941

4942 Prepolarized
Diffuse-field
4943 Externally polarized

4957 4948
Prepolarized
4958 4949
Special 4187 4180
4160
4938-WH-1418 4193 Externally polarized
4179
4938-W-001 4955

2 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 3 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

In some cases, pressure type microphones can also be Abbreviations used for Standards in the Tables
found to have sufficiently flat random incidence response.
This is because the random incidence response of a pres- IEC 61094 IEC 61672 ANSI
sure-field microphone is much flatter across the frequency A IEC 61094 – 4 WS1F I IEC 61672 Class 1 K ANSI S1.4 Type 1
range than that of a microphone optimised for flat free-field
B IEC 61094 – 4 WS2F J IEC 61672 Class 2 L ANSI S1.4 Type 2
response. A special case is the measurement of surface
pressure where surface microphones would be the obvious C IEC 61094 – 4 WS3F M ANSI S1.12 Type M
choice. D IEC 61094 – 4 WS1P

E IEC 61094 – 4 WS2P


Special applications
For special applications, a special microphone can be se- F IEC 61094 – 4 WS3P

lected, for example, laboratory reference microphones, G IEC 61094 –1 LS1P


outdoor microphones, array microphones, infra- sound mi- H IEC 61094 –1 LS2P
crophones, etc.

Microphone Standards
Laboratory reference microphones are specified in the in-
ternational standard IEC 61094–1:2000.

Measurement microphones are specified in the international


standard IEC 61094-4:1995.

These standards use the abbreviation WS for working


standards, for example, measurement microphones used in
daily routine measurements, while the abbreviation LS denotes
laboratory standards.

The digits following “WS” indicate as follows:


• 1 = 1-inch microphone
• 2 = ½-inch microphone
• 3 = ¼-inch microphone
The letter “F” denotes a free-field type and “P” a pres-
sure- field type

Electroacoustic Standards
The most relevant electroacoustic standard is the
IEC 61672:2002 “Electroacoustics – Sound Level Meters”.

Although the microphone is an important component in


any system that has to comply with IEC 61672 there are
many other factors to consider. Despite this, the following
tables also show which microphones are suitable for system
solutions that have to fulfill the requirements of IEC 61672.

It is also worth considering other parameters such as phase


response, venting, environmental exposure and documentation.

www.bksv.com Selecting the Right Microphone 3


bf020816.book Page 4 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Maximum Limits and Dynamic Range


Microphone Cartridges This is especially true for classical input using 120 V supply.
Inherent Noise: Even if a microphone is placed in a “totally On the other hand, a classical input with ±14 V supply will
quiet” room there will be some Brownian movement of reduce the maximum SPL 15.7 dB compared with 120 V sup-
the microphone back-plate and diaphragm. These movements ply.
correspond to very small pressure fluctuations and will
cause changes in the cartridge capacity which – if a polari- Maximum measurable SPL in dB for different cartridge sensitivities,
rounded to nearest integer value
sation voltage is present – cause an output voltage from
Cartridge sensitivity Classical Input 120 V DeltaTron ±7 V Output
the microphone. The SPL corresponding to this output voltage mV/Pa Supply* Swing
is defined as the inherent noise of the cartridge. 50 152 134
31.6 156 138
3% Distortion Limit: Even though the condenser micro- 12.5 164 146
phone is highly linear, at a certain pressure there will be 3 176 158
some distortion of the output signal. At Brüel & Kjær we 1 186 168
specify the 3% distortion limit as a recommended maxi-
* Corresponding to 110 Vpp output swing
mum limit for accurate measurements.
The general formula is:
10% Distortion Limit: Increasing the sound pressure behind
the 3% distortion limit will result in a further increase in
Max. SPL in dB = [94 + 20*log(Vmax/Sv)
distortion. In some cases, a 10% distortion limit is specified.
In many practical cases, the 10% distortion limit is determined
where Vmax is the maximum (3% distortion) RMS output
by the preamplifier.
voltage of the preamplifier and Sv is the (loaded) cartridge
sensitivity in V/Pa
Maximum SPL: Due to mechanical forces acting on the cartridge
there is a maximum pressure level which should never be
exceeded or the long-term stability can be influenced and/ Replacing Discontinued Brüel & Kjær
or mechanical damage can happen. The corresponding
sound pressure level is called the maximum SPL. Microphones
Most present Brüel & Kjær microphones are Falcon Range®
Dynamic Range of Microphone/Preamplifier Combinations:
microphones. The Falcon Range line offers a number of
In a practical application, the lower limit of dynamic range
advantages, for example, the diaphragm mounting method
is determined by the combined noise from the cartridge
(press fit mounted or laser welded) that provides a higher
and the preamplifier. The upper SPL limit will often be de-
mechanical robustness. Furthermore, the use of a stainless
termined by the output voltage swing from the preamplifier.
steel diaphragm results in an improved resistance to envi-
This is especially important when using DeltaTron (IEPE)
ronmental conditions. The table can be helpful if you need
preamplifiers, since here the maximum voltage is limited
to replace an older Brüel & Kjær type.
by the input stage compliance (open-circuit) voltage.
Recommended Replacement
A compliance voltage of, say, 28 V as used in many front-ends Older Types of Microphone
Microphone Types
will limit the maximum voltage swing to around 14 Vpp 4133 4191
and this may determine the real maximum limit of a cartridge/ 4134 4192
preamplifier combination. 4135 4939
4136 4938
Brüel & Kjær defines the dynamic range as the range from 4147 4193
the noise floor in dBA to the SPL resulting in a 3% distor- 4155 4189
tion limit with a given cartridge/preamplifier combination, 4165 4190
and nominal compliance voltage where relevant. 4166 4943
4196/4935 4957
The table below shows the maximum SPL as determined by 4951 4958
the preamplifier. However, it must be mentioned that in 4181 4197
some cases the maximum SPL is limited by the cartridge.

4 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 5 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

MICROPHONES
Free-field Microphones
Free-field microphones are particularly suitable for making meter, or in an acoustically well-damped indoor environment,
measurements away from reflecting surfaces, for example, for example, in an office with natural acoustic damping.
when making outdoor measurements with a sound level

Type Number 4939 4954 4137* 4176 4188 4189


Diameter inch 1/4 1/4 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2
Optimised Free-field Free-field Free-field Free-field Free-field Free-field
Standards C C J, L I, K I, K B, I, L
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 4 3.16 31.6 50 31.6 50
Polarization Voltage** V 200 0 0 0 0 0
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 4 to 100000 4 to 80000 8 to 12500 7 to 12500 8 to 12500 6.3 to 20000
Dynamic Range with 35 to 164 35 to 164 15.8 to 146 14 to 142 15.8 to 146 15.2 to 146
dB(A) to dB
Preamplifier Type (2670) (2670) (2669) (2669) (2669) (2669)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 28 <35 14.2 13.5 14.2 14.6
Capacitance pF 6.1 5.1 12 12.5 12 13
Venting Side Side Rear Rear Rear Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 0.3 to 3 0.3 to 3 1 to 5 0.5 to 5 1 to 5 2 to 4
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 40 to 150 –40 to 150 – 30 to 125 – 30 to 100 – 30 to 125 – 30 to 150
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC +0.003 +0.009 + 0.005 – 0.004 + 0.005 –0.001
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.007 –0.007 – 0.021 – 0.02 – 0.021 – 0.01
* Class 2 microphone for Type 2237 ** 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

Type Number 4190 4191 4950 4145


Diameter inch 1/2 1/2 1/2 1
Optimised Free-field Free-field Free-field Free-field
Standards B, I, L B, I, L, M I, K A, I
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 50 12.5 50 50
Polarization Voltage* V 200 200 0 200
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 3.15 to 20000 3.15 to 40000 4 to 16 kHz 2.6 to 18000
Dynamic Range with 15 to 148 21.4 to 162 14 to 142 10.2 to 146
dB(A) to dB
Preamplifier Type (2669) (2669) (2669) (2669)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 14.5 20 13.5 10
Capacitance pF 16 18 12.5 66
Venting Rear Side Rear Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 1 to 2 1 to 2 0.5 to 5 1 to 2
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 30 to 150 – 30 to 300 –30 to 100 – 30 to 100
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.007 – 0.002 +0.006 – 0.002
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.01 – 0.007 –0.02 – 0.015
* 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

www.bksv.com Microphones 5
bf020816.book Page 6 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Diffuse-field Microphones
A diffuse-field microphone, also called a random-incidence
microphone, is designed to have a flat response when signals
arrive simultaneously from all directions. They should,
therefore, not only be used for making measurements in
reverberation chambers, but also in all situations where
the sound field is diffuse, or where several sources contribute
to the sound pressure at the measurement position. Examples
include indoor measurements where the sound is reflected
by walls, ceilings, and objects in the room, or measurements
made inside a car.

In many cases the pressure and diffuse field response will


both be within ±2dB up to a certain frequency. In the example
for Type 4943 (shown below), both responses are within
±2 dB up til 10 kHz.

Type Number 4942 4943


Diameter inch 1/2 1/2
Optimised Diffuse-field Diffuse-field
Standards K K
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 50 50
Polarization Voltage* V 0 200
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 6.3 to 16000 3.15 to 10000
15.2 to 146 15.9 to 148
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB
(2669) (2669)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 14.6 15.5
Capacitance pF 13 16
Venting Rear Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 2 to 4 1 to 2
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 40 to 150 – 40 to 150
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.001 – 0.010
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.01 – 0.008
Preamplifier Included No No
* 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

6 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 7 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Pressure-field Microphones
A pressure-field microphone is best suited for measurement .
of the sound pressure in a small closed couplers or close to
hard reflective surfaces (see picture). A special class of
pressure microphone is the so-called surface microphone,
which due to its unique geometrical dimensions, can be
mounted directly on surfaces such as the skin of an air-
plane or the surface of a car, for easy measurement of the
true pressure fluctuations. Brüel & Kjær Surface Microphones
Types 4948 and 4949 even have a built-in DeltaTron pream-
plifier with TEDS, that make them true plug and play
transducers.

Type Number 4138 4938* 4944 4947 4192 4144


Diameter inch 1/8 1/4 1/4 1/2 1/2 1
Optimised Pressure-field Pressure-field Pressure-field Pressure-field Pressure-field Pressure-field
Standards – F F K E, K, M D, L
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 1 1.6 1 12.5 12.5 50
Polarization Voltage** V 200 200 0 0 200 200
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 6.5 to 140000 4 to 70000 4 to 70000 8 to 10000 3.15 to 20000 2.6 to 8000
52.2 to 168
42 to 172 46 to 170 21.4 to 160 20.7 to 162 11 to 146
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB (2670, UA-
(2670) (2670) (2669) (2669) (2669)
0160)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 43 30 30 17.5 19 9.5
Capacitance pF 3.5 6.1 5 14 18 55
Venting Side Side Side Rear Side Side
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 0.5 to 5 0.3 to 3 0.3 to 3 1 to 5 1 to 2 1 to 2
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 30 to 100 – 40 to 150 – 40 to 150 –30 to 125 – 30 to 150 – 30 to 100
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.01 +0.003 +0.008 +0.006 – 0.002 – 0.003
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.01 – 0.003 – 0.003 –0.006 – 0.007 – 0.016
Preamplifier Included No No No No No No
* 4938-W-001 is optimised for high static pressure ** 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

www.bksv.com Microphones 7
bf020816.book Page 8 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Type Number 4948 4948-A 4948-B 4949 4949-B 4953


Diaphragm inch 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 0.41 ½
Surface Surface Surface Surface Surface
Optimised Pressure
Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure
Standards – – – – – –
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 1.4 1.4 1.4 11.2 11.2 50
Polarization Voltage* V 0 0 0 0 0 0
Optimised Frequency Response ±3 dB Hz 5 to 20000 5 to 20000 5 to 20000 5 to 20000 5 to 20000 1 to 12000
16.2 – 146
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB 55 to 160 55 to 160 55 to 160 30 to 140 30 to 140
(2669)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 55 (typical) 55 (typical) 55 (typical) 27.8 (typical) 27.8 (typical) 15.7
Capacitance pF N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 14.6
Venting Front Front Front Front Front Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 1 to 5 1 to 5 1 to 5 0.5 to 5 0.5 to 5 1 – 2.4
Operating Temperature Range ºC –55 to 100 –55 to 100 –55 to 100 –55 to 100 –55 to 100 –30 to 150
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC 0.013 0.013 0.013 0.013 0.013 –0.006
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.007 – 0.007 – 0.007 – 0.007 – 0.007 –0.008
Preamplifier Included DeltaTron DeltaTron DeltaTron DeltaTron DeltaTron N/A
TEDS UTID 769 769 769 769 769 N/A
CIC No Yes Yes No Yes N/A
* 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

Type 4948 used for measurement of sound pressure directly Type 4949 used for measurement of pressure fluctuations
on the skin of an airplane on the side window of a car

8 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 9 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Low-noise Microphones
Low-noise microphones are required for qualification of floor of –2.5 dBA while Type 4955 has the size of a normal
anechoic chambers for Sound Power Measurements and ½″ TEDS microphone and an excellent noise floor of typi-
test of components with low Sound Power rating. Type cally 5.5 dBA. Additionally, Type 4955 features a titanium
4179 must be used with dedicated preamplifier Type 2660 microphone cartridge and titanium preamplifier house.
or 2660-W-001. This combination has an unbeatable noise

Type Number 4179 4955 Low-noise Microphone Type 4179 is suitable for monitoring very
Diameter inch 1 1/2 low background noise levels down to –5.5 dB(A) together with
Optimised Low-noise Low-noise Preamplifier Type 2660.
Standards – – Type 4955 is a ½-inch “all titanium” TEDS microphone with a
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 100 1100 guaranteed noise floor less than 6.5 dB(A).
Polarization Voltage V 200 200
Type 4955-W-001 is a detachable unit for permanent mounting
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 10 to 10000 10 to 16000 with adaptor UA-1260 in HATS.
–2.5 to 102 6.5 to 110
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB
(2660) (Built-in)
Inherent Noise dB (A) –5.5* <6.5†
Capacitance pF 40 N/A
Venting Side Front
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 5 to 7 5
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 30 to 100 –20 to 100
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.004 <±0.01
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.016 –0.03
Preamplifier Included No Yes
TEDS UTID 116289
Connector N/A LEMO 1B
* Cartridge alone, must be used with Type 2660 preamplifier
† With integral preamplifier

Typical noise spectrum Type 4955


dB
10

-10

-20
10 100 1000 10000 Hz A L

060227

www.bksv.com Microphones 9
bf020816.book Page 10 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Array Microphones
Array applications are gaining in popularity. The picture on
the right shows a typical application where a “picture” is
taken of all noise sources in the engine compartment of a
car.

Type Number 4944-A/B 4954-A/B 4957 4958 Types 4944-A and 4954-A
Diameter inch 1/4 1/4 1/4 1/4 are robust cartridges useable
Optimised Pressure Free-field Array Array at higher frequencies and
temperatures.
Standards – – – –
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 0.9 2.8 17 17 Types 4957 and 4958 feature
a higher sensitivity.
Polarization Voltage* V 0 0 0 0
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 16 to 70000 16 to 80000 50 to 10 k 20 to 20 k Type 4957 is an economy
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB 48 to 169 40 to 159 32 to 134 28 to 140 type with only basic TEDS
and limited frequency range,
Inherent Noise dB (A) 48 <40 <32 <28 while Type 4958 is a precision
Capacitance pF N/A N/A N/A N/A type with “Intelligent TEDS”,
Venting Side Side Front Front that is, a TEDS which con-
tains polynomial coefficients
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 7 to 9 <9 <50 <50 describing the complex trans-
Operating Temperature Range ºC –20 to 100 –20 to 100 –10 to 55 –10 to 55 fer function of the micro-
phone. This information can
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC +0.008 +0.009 – –
be used in the array applica-
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.003 –0.007 – – tion in order to increase sharp-
Preamplifier Included DeltaTron DeltaTron DeltaTron DeltaTron ness and precision.
TEDS UTID/UDID 769 769 I27-0-0-0U I27-0-0-1U
A = SMB A = SMB
Connector Type SMB SMB
B = 10–32 UNF B = 10–32 UNF
* 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

10 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 11 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

High-intensity Testing
Most noise measurements are limited to around 140 to
150 dB maximum SPL, but applications such as measurement
of gunshots, airbag deployment noise, etc., require meas-
urements of dynamic pressures fluctuations corresponding
to a SPL far beyond 160 dB.*

For measurements below 110 dB the condenser microphone


will normally be the preferred transducer, while above
200 dB pressure sensors have to be used.

Condenser microphones benefit from a higher degree of


standardisation, wider frequency range, lower noise floor,
and standardised calibration methods. They are readily
available as TEDS microphones for direct connection to industry
standard DeltaTron (IEPE) inputs. Condenser microphones
are normally fully specified with respect to frequency
response, free-field corrections, influence of accessories, etc.

* Note: Above 160 dB air behaves highly non-linearly

Type Number 4941 4938-WB-1418 High Sound Pressure Microphone Type 4941 is used for gunshots,
Diameter inch 1/4 1/4 fireworks and rocket testing.
Optimised High-pressure Airbag
High-static Pressure Microphone Type 4938-W-001 is specially
Standards – – designed for measuring in high static pressure from 1 – 10 Atm.
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 0.09 0.4 The change in response at different static pressures has been
minimised.
Polarization Voltage V 200 200
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 4 to 20000 0.5 to 70000 Airbag Microphone Type 4938-WB-1418 is designed to fulfil
73.5 to 184 50 to 177 “Microphone and Preamplifier System for measuring acoustic
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB impulses within vehicles – SAE J247 FEB87”, but only when combined
(2670) (2670 WB 1419)
with Preamplifier Type 2670-WB-1419.
Inherent Noise dB (A) 59 30
Capacitance pF 3.3 6.1
Venting Side Side
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 0.3 to 3 0.05 to 0.2
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 40 to 150 – 40 to 150
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – +0.003
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – –0.003
Preamplifier Included No No

Hydrophones PSI or dB?


Traditionally acoustical engineers work in dB SPL defined
Although originally intended for underwater measure-
20 × log (pa/20 μPa) where pa is the actual (dynamic) pressure
ments these hermetically sealed devices are also very suitable
in pascals.
for high intensity pressure measurements in air, this is because
of the low sensitivity of the hydrophone. The useable
Pressure sensors often refer to PSI (Pounds Per Square
frequency range is from a few fractions of a Hz to around
Inch).
20 kHz.

www.bksv.com Microphones 11
bf020816.book Page 12 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

It may be good to know that dB SPL can easily be converted


to pascal and after that to PSI.

1 Pa = 0.0001450 PSI and hence 1 PSI ≈ 6.9 kPa

dB SPL Pressure Pascal Pressure PSI

94 1 0.000145

154 103 0.145

174 104 1.45

194 105 14.5

200 2 × 105 29

12 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 13 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Outdoor Microphones
Our outdoor microphones are intended for permanent or
semi permanent outdoor use. Aside from the obvious
weather protection required, one should also consider factors
such as calibration facilities, on-site remote verification (CIC
is the obvious method here), and conformance with standards
of special importance, for example, the requirements specified
in IEC 61672 Electroacoustics – Sound Level Meters. This
standard defines the requirements to the directivity re-
sponse of the microphone and is often an overlooked or
misinterpreted requirement.

All Outdoor Microphones are supported by a broad range


of accessories. Please refer to the accessories section for an
overview.

Outdoor Microphone Type 4952 in a typical noise monitoring


situation

Type Number 4184 4198 4952 Type 4184 Weatherproof Microphone Unit –
Diameter inch Probe 1/2 1/2 For permanent, semi-permanent and portable
Optimised Outdoor Outdoor Outdoor noise monitoring. It features a probe type
microphone for optimal protection and direc-
Standards I, K I, K I, K tivity response plus both CIC facility and a
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 12.5 50 31.6 built-in acoustic sound source for verification.
Polarization Voltage* V 200 0 0
Type 4198 Outdoor Microphone Unit – For
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 20 to 8000 6.3 to 16000 8 to 12.5 kHz semi-permanent noise monitoring. Depending
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB 25 to 140 15.2 to 146 15.8 to 146 on circumstances, this well protected microphone
can sustain several months of unattended use.
Inherent Noise dB (A) 25 15.2 <16 Features CIC and Falcon Range data disc.
Venting Yes Rear Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz <20 2 to 4 1 to 5 Type 4952 Outdoor Microphone – The latest
member of the Brüel&Kjær Outdoor Microphone
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 40 to 55 – 25 to 60 –30 to 60 family. The outer parts of this microphone con-
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.005 – 0.001 0.005 sist of carefully selected polymer materials
making it suitable even for longer periods of
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.006 – 0.01 –0.021
unattended outdoor use (at least one year service
Preamplifier Included Yes Yes Yes interval). This microphone also features CIC.
The use of separate equalization filters
enables Type 4952 to fulfill the requirements
of IEC 61672 both for 0° and 90° of incidence.
Connector B&K 7-pin LEMO 1B LEMO 1B
UA-1404 Outdoor Microphone Kit – For protection
of your existing Type 4188, 4189, or 4190
microphones. Same performance as Type 4198.
* 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

www.bksv.com Microphones 13
bf020816.book Page 14 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Laboratory Standard Microphones


The most used laboratory standard microphones are Types in couplers and for maximum long term stability under ref-
4160 (1″) and 4180 (1/2″). These microphones have a well-defined erence conditions. The proven long term stability is in the
cavity in front of the diaphragm and are optimised for use area of a few mdB’s per year (see figure below).

Type Number 4160 4180 The most common way of performing primary calibration of
Diameter inch 1 1/2 laboratory standard microphones is to use the reciprocity cali-
Optimised Calibration Calibration bration principle. Brüel & Kjær offers the world’s most used reci-
procity calibration apparatus, that is, Type 5998 (see picture
Standards G H below) which is used as part of Reciprocity Calibration System
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 47 12.5 Type 9699.
Polarization Voltage V 200 200
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 2.6 to 8000 4 to 20000
10 to 146 21 to 160
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB
(2673) (2669)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 9.5 18
Capacitance pF 55 17.5
Venting Side Side
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 1 to 2 1 to 3
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 10 to 50 – 30 to 100
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC + 0.003 – 0.002
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.0016 – 0.007
Preamplifier Included No No
Connector

Reciprocity Calibration Apparatus Type 5998 Measured stability of a Brüel & Kjær Type 4180 Laboratory
Reference Microphone over a period of 10 years. Note:
0.2 dB/division

14 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 15 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Customised Products
Despite the large number of Some examples of customised products:
transducers available in our
standard programme, special • Short version of Preamplifier Type 2670 with supply
measurement situations can oc- voltage regulation
cur requiring transducers that • Surface Microphones with 30 m cable
are not part of Brüel & Kjær’s • Classical preamplifier with both IVC and CIC
standard product range. In order • 1/8-inch microphones with open-end flush grids
to effectively meet our customer’s • Customer specific TEDS templates
needs we offer customised • Sandwich version of the Surface Microphone for special
products. applications
• Cable reinforcement solutions
We already have a broad port- • Array microphones with 10–32UNF connector instead of SMB
folio of non-standard products • Wideband phase matching of TEDS microphones
developed for special applications. • Hydrophone phase calibration
Maybe one of these products can also solve your problem? • Pressure sensing microphone with special mounting
Please contact your local Brüel & Kjær representative for adaptor
further information.

Miscellaneous

4193 with 4189 with Low-frequency Microphone Type 4193 is


Type Number 4193
UC-0211 UC-5265 designed to measure infrasound, for example,
Diameter inch 1/2 1/2 1/2 in ship engine rooms, in helicopters and in
Optimised Low-frequency Low-frequency Low-frequency wind-buffeted buildings.

Standards E, K, M E, K, M B, I, L Type 4189 with UC-5265 brings the –3 dB limit


Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 12.5 2 50 of Type 2260 Sound Level Meter down to 1 Hz.
Polarization Voltage V 200 200 0
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 0.07 to 20000 0.13 to 20000 –3 dB to 1 Hz
20.7 to 161 29 to 148
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB
(2669) (2669)
Inherent Noise dB (A) 19 29
Capacitance pF 18 118 13
Venting Side Side Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 0.01 to 0.05 <0.1 1
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 30 to 150 – 30 to 150 – 30 to 150
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.002 – 0.002 –
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.005 – 0.005 –
Preamplifier Included No No No
Connector Fits 4189

www.bksv.com Microphones 15
bf020816.book Page 16 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Type Number 4938-W-001 4101 4101-A High-static Pressure Microphone


Diameter inch 1/4 1/5 1/5 Type 4938-W-001 is specially
Binaural designed for measuring in
High static Binaural high-static pressure 1 –
Optimised Recording with
pressure Recording 10 Atm. The change in
TEDS
response at different static
Standards – – – pressure has been minimised.
Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 1.6 20 20
Binaural Microphone Type
Polarization Voltage* V 200 0 0
4101 is designed especially
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 4 to 70000 20 to 20000 20 to 20000 for binaural recording where
42 to 172 testing on a human object is
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB 23 to 134 23 to 134 preferred and/or the use of the
(2670)
traditional Head and Torso
Inherent Noise dB (A) 30 23 23 Simulator (HATS) method is
Capacitance pF 6.1 N/A N/A precluded.
Venting Side Rear Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz 0.3 to 3 < 20 < 20
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 40 to 150 – 30 to 70 – 30 to 70
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC +0.003 – –
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.003 – –
Preamplifier Included No DeltaTron DeltaTron
Connector
* 0 V = Prepolarized microphone

Type Number 4182 4187 Probe Microphone Type 4182 has a choice of probe tubes, stiff
Diameter inch Probe 1/4 or flexible, making it perfect for measurements in awkward
Optimised Probe Pressure places.

Standards – – Impedance Tube Microphone Type 4187 is a 1/4-inch microphone


Nominal Open-circuit Sensitivity mV/Pa 3.16 4 specially designed for use in Impedance Tube Kit Type 4206. The
microphone features a non-detachable protection grid which
Polarization Voltage V 200 200
forms an airtight front cavity.
Optimised Frequency Response ±2 dB Hz 1 to 20000 1 to 6400
Dynamic Range with Preamplifier Type dB(A) to dB 42 to 164 –
Inherent Noise dB (A) 42 –
Capacitance pF N/A 6.4
Venting Selected Rear
Lower Limiting Frequency (–3 dB) Hz < 0.7 <1
Operating Temperature Range ºC – 10 to 700 –
Temperature Coefficient dB/ºC – 0.005 –
Pressure Coefficient dB/kPa – 0.007 –
Preamplifier Included Yes No
Connector 7-pin B&K

16 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 17 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

TEDS Microphones
Class I is always used with DeltaTron transducers since TEDS
can be implemented using the traditional coaxial cable.

For measuring microphones, Class II is the most commonly


used and pin 5 (often denoted as “No connection” in PDs)
is used to transmit the TEDS data. This is important when
using extension cables as some older cables might really
not have pin 5 connected, which will break the TEDS chain.

Since the TEDS microphone has been assembled under controlled


conditions, special precautions can be taken to avoid dust
and contamination entering the boundary between micro-
phone cartridge and the preamplifier. This is important in
order to maintain low noise even at high temperatures
and high relative humidity.
A wide range of TEDS (Transducer Electronic Data Sheet)
microphones are available from Brüel & Kjær. A TEDS micro-
Class I TEDS as used in a DeltaTron TEDS microphone
phone consists of a microphone cartridge and its pre-amplifer,
sealed to form one unit called the TEDS microphone.
CCLD
TEDS is standardised by IEEE and is supported by many
Signal
front-ends and conditioning amplifiers including
Brüel & Kjær’s PULSE front-ends, the NEXUS line of Condi-
tioning Amplifiers, the 16-channel Conditioning Amplifier
Type 2694 and many more. TEDS TEDS

TEDS offers a number of benefits:


Typical Class --l TEDS DeltaTron
• Plug and play facilities Microphone Input
060215
• Type, S/N, sensitivity and more read in directly from the
transducer
• Significantly reduced setup time
Class II TEDS as used in a TEDS microphone
• Practical elimination of cable routing errors 7-pin LEMO
• Transducer location can be read into the transducer
• The TEDS microphone is assembled under controlled 1 CIC Signal
conditions
2 GND

3 Pol Voltage
How does TEDS work?
Basically the chip containing the TEDS data and TEDS interface 4 Signal
is build into the microphone preamplifier. TEDS data is
updated during the boot sequence or whenever “update TEDS 5 TEDS Data
TEDS” is activated.
+V cc 6 +V cc

TEDS data can be transmitted to the front-end in two different -V cc 7 -V cc


ways:
– TEDS
Typical Class ll Classical Microphone

Microphone Input
• Class I TEDS – on the same wire as the analog signal 060214
• Class II TEDS – via a separate wire

www.bksv.com Microphones 17
bf020816.book Page 18 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

The IEEE 1451.4 Standard Currently, only Array Microphones Types 4957 and 4958 are
Most sound and vibration transducers (Brüel & Kjær as well supplied with TEDS according to the final revision –
as other manufacturers) conform with IEEE P1451.4 V.0.9 IEEE 1451.4 V.1.0. This is because precision Array Micro-
which is actually a standard proposal and differs slightly phone Type 4958 requires more space for definition of the
from the final standard IEEE 1451 V.1.0. polynominal which describes the complex transfer function.

Re-mapping to IEEE 1451 V.1.0 is available for all Brüel & Kjær TEDS Templates
transducers as part of after sales support. Relevant The TEDS template defines the memory mapping of the
Brüel & Kjær hardware (PULSE, NEXUS, etc.) support both TEDS chip and hence the “understanding” between transducer
the proposed and final version of the standard, and in and front-end.
many applications the user will not notice a difference be-
tween the two standards. The major difference between A number of TEDS templates have been standardised by
the proposed and final version concerns the memory map. the IEEE and in addition to this a number of non-standard
In the proposed version, all data is in a R/W area of the vendor specific templates exist. The different TEDS templates
memory, while in V.1.0 some permanent data (manufacturer, are differentiated by different ID numbers. At the moment
etc.) has been moved to a write once area of the memory. Brüel&Kjær uses the following templates for TEDS microphones
This leaves more space in the so-called user area of the and preamplifiers:
memory.

IEEE P1451.4 Beta – TEDS Templates


UTID No. Name Remarks

Used for Array Microphones Types 4935 and


34013408 Microphone with integrated preamplifier
4951. This template is with transfer function

IEEE P1451.4 V.0.9 – TEDS Templates


UTID No. Name Remarks

769 Microphone, integrated preamplifier Used for most TEDS microphones

1025 Microphone Preamplifier Used for most TEDS microphone preamplifiers

Microphone, integrated preamplifier, extended Used in special cases like low-sensitivity microphones
116289
sensitivity or reference frequency not 250 Hz

IEEE 1451.4 V.1.0 – TEDS Templates


UDID No. Name Remarks

This template is without transfer function


I27-0-0-0U Microphone with integrated preamplifier, V.1.0
Replaces UTID 769 and 116289

Same as UDID 127-0-0-0U but with transfer function


Microphone with integrated preamplifier, transfer
I27-0-0-1U
function, V.1.0
Replaces UTID 34013408

Common Specifications
For detailed specifications please see the PD for the indi- • DeltaTron input types: 24 – 28 V compliance voltage
vidual components. Unless otherwise stated all specifica- • Classical input types: 120 V DC supply†
tion in this table are valid under the following conditions: • Dynamic range low limit: Noise floor dBA

18 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 19 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

• Max. SPL dB: The 3% distortion limit in dB SPL RMS Temperature Range
rounded to nearest integer. The undistorted peak level The read write temperature range of the TEDS chip is
will normally be 3 dB higher guaranteed by the chip manufacturer up to +85°C only
• Cartridge sensitivity: Nominal (185°F) but the TEDS chip will survive the full specified
• TEDS microphone sensitivity: Stated as the nominal car- temperature range of the TEDS microphone/preamplifier
tridge sensitivity except for ¼-inch and 1/8-inch car- without any damage.
tridges where the loaded sensitivity differs considerably
from the open circuit sensitivity Cable Length
TEDS is guaranteed to work properly with cable length up
to 100 m (328 ft).
† If, for example, the supply voltage to a classical preamplifier is reduced
from 120 V to 28 V or ±14 V the max. SPL may theoretically be reduced by
up to 15.7 dB

Sensitiv- ±2 dB Noise Max.


Cartridge Data Input Sensitivity
Order No. Field Preamplifier Adaptor ity dB Frequency floor SPL
Diameter CD Type mV/Pa
re 1 V/Pa Range dBA dB
4138-A-015 1/8-inch N P 2670 Classical UA-0160 –65 0.55 6.5 Hz – 140 kHz 52.2 168
4138-B-006* 1/8-inch N P 2670 Classical UA-0036 –62 0.79 6.5 Hz – 140 kHz 52.2 168
4138-C-006 1/8-inch N P 2670 Classical UA-0036 –62 0.79 6.5 Hz – 140 kHz 52.2 168
4138-L-006 1/8-inch N P 2670 Classical UA-0036 –62 0.79 6.5 Hz – 140 kHz 52.2 168
4188-A-021 1/2-inch N F 2671 DeltaTron –30 31.6 8 Hz – 12.5 kHz 19 138
4188-A-031 1/2-inch N F 2699 DeltaTron –30 31.6 8 Hz – 12.5 kHz 21 134
4188-B-001* 1/2-inch N F 2669-B Classical –30 31.6 8 Hz – 12.5 kHz 15.8 146
4188-C-001 1/2-inch N F 2669-C Classical –30 31.6 8 Hz – 12.5 kHz 15.8 146
4188-L-001 1/2-inch N F 2669 - L Classical –30 31.6 8 Hz – 12.5 kHz 15.8 146
4189-A-021 1/2-inch Y F 2671 DeltaTron –26 48 6.3 Hz – 20 kHz 16.5 134
4189-A-031 1/2-inch Y F 2699 DeltaTron –26 48 6.3 Hz – 20 kHz 18 130
4189-B-001* 1/2-inch Y F 2669-B Classical –26 49 6.3 Hz – 20 kHz 15.2 146
4189-C-001 1/2-inch Y F 2669-C Classical –26 49 6.3 Hz – 20 kHz 15.2 146
4189-L-001* 1/2-inch Y F 2669-L Classical –26 49 6.3 Hz – 20 kHz 15.2 146
4189-W-003 1/2-inch Y F 2671-W-001 DeltaTron –26 48 6.3 Hz – 20 kHz 16.5 134
4190-B-001* 1/2-inch Y F 2669-B Classical –26 48 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 15 148
4190-C-001 1/2-inch Y F 2669-C Classical –26 48 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 15 148
4190-L-001 1/2-inch Y F 2669-L Classical –26 48 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 15 148
4190-L-002 1/2-inch Y F 2669-L Classical –26 48 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 15 148
4191-B-001* 1/2-inch Y F 2669-B Classical –38 12 3.15 Hz – 40 kHz 21.4 162
4191-C-001 1/2-inch Y F 2669-C Classical –38 12 3.15 Hz – 40 kHz 21.4 162
4191-L-001 1/2-inch Y F 2669-L Classical –38 12 3.15 Hz – 40 kHz 21.4 162
4192-B-001* 1/2-inch Y P 2669-B Classical –38 12 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 20.7 162
4192-C-001 1/2-inch Y P 2669-C Classical –38 12 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 20.7 162
4192-L-001 1/2-inch Y P 2669-L Classical –38 12 3.15 Hz – 20 kHz 20.7 162
4193-B-004* 1/2-inch Y P 2669-B Classical UC-0211 –54 2 0.13 Hz – 20 kHz 29 148
4193-C-004 1/2-inch Y P 2669-C Classical UC-0211 –54 2 0.13 Hz – 20 kHz 29 148
4193-L-004 1/2-inch Y P 2669-L Classical UC-0211 –54 2 0.13 Hz – 20 kHz 29 148
4938-A-011 1/4-inch Y P 2670 Classical –57 1.4 4 Hz – 70 kHz 42 172
4938-B-002* 1/4-inch Y P 2669-B Classical UA-0035 –57 1.4 4 Hz – 70 kHz 42 172
4938-C-002 1/4-inch Y P 2669-C Classical UA-0035 –57 1.4 4 Hz – 70 kHz 42 172

www.bksv.com Microphones 19
bf020816.book Page 20 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Sensitiv- ±2 dB Noise Max.


Cartridge Data Input Sensitivity
Order No. Field Preamplifier Adaptor ity dB Frequency floor SPL
Diameter CD Type mV/Pa
re 1 V/Pa Range dBA dB
4938-L-002 1/4-inch Y P 2669-L Classical UA-0035 –57 1.4 4 Hz – 70 kHz 42 172
4939-A-011 1/4-inch Y F 2670 Classical –49 3.8 4 Hz – 100 kHz 35 164
4939-B-002* 1/4-inch Y F 2669-B Classical UA-0035 –49 3.6 4 Hz – 100 kHz 35 164
4939-C-002 1/4-inch Y F 2669-C Classical UA-0035 –49 3.6 4 Hz – 100 kHz 35 164
4939-L-002 1/4-inch Y F 2669-L Classical UA-0035 –49 3.6 4 Hz – 100 kHz 35 164
4941-A-011 1/4-inch N P 2670 Classical –82 0.08 4 Hz – 20 kHz 73.5 184
4941-B-002* 1/4-inch N P 2669-B Classical UA-0035 –82 0.08 4 Hz – 20 kHz 75.8 184
4941-C-002 1/4-inch N P 2669-C Classical UA-0035 –82 0.08 4 Hz – 20 kHz 75.8 184
4941-L-002 1/4-inch N P 2669-L Classical UA-0035 –82 0.08 4 Hz – 20 kHz 75.8 184
4942-A-021 1/2-inch Y D 2671 DeltaTron –26 50 6.3 Hz – 16 kHz 16.5 134
4942-A-031 1/2-inch Y D 2699 DeltaTron –26 50 6.3 Hz – 16 kHz 18 130
4942-B-001* 1/2-inch Y D 2669-B Classical –26 50 6.3 Hz – 16 kHz 15.2 146
4942-C-001 1/2-inch Y D 2669-C Classical –26 50 6.3 Hz – 16 kHz 15.2 146
4942-L-001 1/2-inch Y D 2669-L Classical –26 50 6.3 Hz – 16 kHz 15.2 146
4943-B-001* 1/2-inch Y D 2669-B Classical –26 50 3.15 Hz – 10 kHz 15.9 148
4943-C-001 1/2-inch Y D 2669-C Classical –26 50 3.15 Hz – 10 kHz 15.9 148
4943-L-001 1/2-inch Y D 2669-L Classical –26 49 3.15 Hz – 10 kHz 15.9 148
4944-A/B 1/4-inch Integral DeltaTron –61 0.9 16 Hz – 70 kHz 48 169
4954-A/B 1/4-inch Integral DeltaTron –51 2.8 16 Hz – 80 kHz 40 159
4954-A-011 1/4-inch Y F 2670 Classical –50.5 3 4 Hz – 80 kHz 35 164
4955 1/2-inch Y F Integral Classical 0.8 1100 10 Hz – 16 kHz 6.5 110
4957 1/4-inch N F Integral DeltaTron –38 12.5 50 Hz – 10 kHz 32 134
4958 1/4-inch N F Integral DeltaTron –38 12.5 10 Hz – 20 kHz 28 140

* These types are delivered with a LEMO to B&K cable AO-0428, this cable does NOT support TEDS (pin 5 open)

20 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 21 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

MICROPHONE PREAMPLIFIERS
A condenser microphone must be combined with a pream- The DeltaTron Preamplifier
plifier to provide impedance conversion, some filtering,
and the capability to drive relatively long cables without Despite its origin in the vibration transducer world, the
significant signal degradation. Constant Current Line Drive (CCLD) principle is gaining in-
creasing popularity also in a wide area of sound and meas-
Preamplifiers are designed in accordance with two princi- urement applications.
ples, here denoted as:
Different manufacturers market transducers using the
• The classical preamplifier CCLD principle under different names, the Brüel & Kjær
• The DeltaTron preamplifier name being DeltaTron. The benefit of the DeltaTron principle
is that the same wire is used for both the signal and the
Each has its own special features. supply current! Using TEDS Class I even the TEDS data can
be transmitted over that same wire (using a level control-
led electronic switch as shown in the figure below).
The Classical Preamplifier
Class II TEDS as used in a TEDS microphone Class I TEDS as used in a DeltaTron TEDS microphone
7-pin LEMO

1 CIC Signal
CCLD
2 GND
Signal
3 Pol Voltage

4 Signal

TEDS TEDS
TEDS 5 TEDS Data

+V cc 6 +V cc
Typical Class --l TEDS DeltaTron
-V cc 7 -V cc Microphone Input
060215
– TEDS
Typical Class ll Classical Microphone

Microphone Input
060214
This opens for the use of cost-effective coaxial cables and
BNC connectors as known from general T&M applications.
The classical preamplifier has an easy to understand concept.
It is basically a unity gain amplifier with extremely high A DeltaTron input can be connected to microphones as
input impedance and very low input capacitance. well as vibration sensors (and many other sensors with
CCLD output).
The supply voltage can be either ±15 V DC or a single
120 V DC. Due to the working principle the signal is superimposed
on a DC voltage. This DC bias voltage is typically around
The output signal has its own separate wire, as do the 12 V. Bias drift (over temperature or time) will reduce the
polarization and CIC voltage. dynamic range.

Pin 5 is often used for transmission of TEDS data (so called Due to the lower DC supply voltage (typically 20 – 28 V DC
Class II TEDS). compliance voltage out of the front-end), there is some
limitation in the upper limit for a DeltaTron solution. Another
CIC (Charge Injection Calibration) is possible by injecting a limitation of DeltaTron solution is that only prepolarized
signal (on pin 1 of the LEMO connector). microphones can be used and that CIC is not available.

www.bksv.com Microphone Preamplifiers 21


bf020816.book Page 22 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

However, in many practical applications this is happily Type 2670 ¼″ preamplifiers are available in different versions
accepted in order to get the benefits of DeltaTron solu- each with their own special features.
tions, that is, ease of use and cheap cables!
When sold alone most preamplifiers are supplied with the
The size of the DC bias voltage is often used by the front- TEDS Template UTID 1025. When sold as part of a TEDS
end to provide some simple means of cable monitoring. A microphone the template UTID 769 or 116289 is used.
bias voltage below a certain value is interpreted as short
circuit while a DC value above a certain value is interpret- For tables please see overleaf.
ed as open circuit.

Classical Versus DeltaTron Preamplifiers Replacing Discontinued Brüel & Kjær


Classical DeltaTron Preamplifiers
Output Voltage 55 Vp 7 Vp
Output Current 2 – 20 mA 3 – 20 mA Modern (Falcon Range) preamplifiers have several advantages
Noise <2 μV 4 μV over the older types, for example, with respect to parameters,
Distortion <–80 dB <–70 dB such as settling time, noise immunity, physical size and
Verification CIC/IVC No connectors.
IEEE 1451.4 Yes Yes
Cable Price Higher Lower The table below can be helpful if you need a replacement
Connector LEMO BNC for an older Brüel & Kjær type.
Prepolarized
Microphone Type Both
only Recommended
Older
Accelerometer Conditioning No Yes Replacement
Preamplifier
Preamplifier
Type
Type

Brüel & Kjær Range of Microphone 2619 2669


2627 2673
Preamplifiers 2633 2670
2639 2669
We offer a large selection of robust and acoustically optimised 2645 2673
preamplifiers that allow operation in a wide range of envi-
ronmental conditions. The high output current capability
of Brüel & Kjær preamplifiers allows the use of extremely
long cables, even with high sound pressure levels present
at high frequencies.

Preamplifiers are available in both ½″ and ¼″ dimensions


for direct fit with the most used microphone cartridge sizes.
Adaptors are available for 1″ and 1/8″ cartridges.

The most popular classical ½″ preamplifier is Type 2669


which is available in several different versions. When insert
voltage calibration is required, Type 2673 is the obvious
choice.

Type 2695, maybe due to its small size (half the length of
the extremely popular DeltaTron preamplifier Type 2671),
is an often overlooked unit.

Type 2699 combines a DeltaTron preamplifier and an A-


weighting filter in one unit. This type can be easily distin-
guished from other preamplifiers due to the two engraved
rings.

22 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 23 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

2669-B/L 2670/2670 WB-1419

2669-C 2670-W-001

Type Number 2669-B 2669-L 2669 - 2669-001 2670 2670-W-001


Diameter inch 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/4 1/4
Optimised* Acoustical Acoustical Cylindrical For 4232 only Phase Short, 48 mm
Connector at Preamplifier LEMO 0B, 7-pin LEMO 0B, 7-pin LEMO 1B, 7-pin LEMO 1B, 7-pin Fixed (2 m) Fixed (0.6 m)
0.6 m cable
Connector at Instrument/Cable B&K, 7-pin LEMO 1B, 7-pin None None LEMO 1B, 7-pin with LEMO 1B,
7-pin
Calibration Facility CIC CIC CIC CIC CIC CIC
Polarization Voltage Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
± 14 to ± 60 ± 14 to ± 60 ± 14 to ± 60 ± 14 to ± 60 ± 14 to ± 60 ± 5 to ± 20
Supply Voltage V
or 28 to 120 or 28 to 120 or 28 to 120 or 28 to 120 or 28 to 120 or 10 to 40†
55 55 55 55 55
Max. Output Voltage (Peak) V (10 below (10 below (10 below (10 below (10 below 15
supply) supply) supply) supply) supply)
Max. Output Current (Peak) mA 20 20 20 20 20 17
3 to 200000 3 to 200000 3 to 200000 3 to 200000 15 to 200000 15 to 200000
Frequency Range Hz
± 0.5 dB (15 pF) ± 0.5 dB (15 pF) ± 0.5 dB (15 pF) ± 0.5 dB (15 pF) ± 0.5 dB (6.2 pF) ± 0.5 dB (6.2 pF)
Attenuation dB < 0.35 < 0.35 < 0.35 < 0.35 < 0.4 < 0.4
Noise A-weighted, typical μV 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 4 9
Noise 22.4 Hz to 300 kHz, typical μV 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 14 18
Input Impedance GΩ||pF 15 ||0.3 15||0.3 15||0.3 15||0.3 15||0.25 15||0.25
1025 from 1025 from 1025 from 1025 from 1025 from
TEDS UTID serial number serial number serial number serial number serial number No
2221155 2221155 2221155 2221155 2248944
* Acoustical means a tapered preamplifier house. Other preamplifiers have cylidrical houses
† Note: The warranty does not cover Preamplifier 2670-W-001 if used at a supply voltage >40 V

www.bksv.com Microphone Preamplifiers 23


bf020816.book Page 24 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

2671 2670/2670 WB-1419

2695

2699
2673

Type Number 2670-WB-1419 2671 2671-W-001 2673 2695 2699


Diameter inch 1/4 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/2
Short
Optimised Airbag DeltaTron DeltaTron Calibration DeltaTron
DeltaTron
Fixed (2 m)
Connector at Preamplifier BNC BNC LEMO 0B, 7-pin 10– 32 UNF BNC
cable
Connector at Instrument Cable LEMO 1B, 7-pin N/A None LEMO 1B, 7-pin N/A N/A
Calibration Facility None None None LEMO 0B, 7-pin 10– 32 UNF BNC
Polarization Voltage Support Yes No No Yes No No
±14 to ± 60 ± 14 to 60
Supply Voltage V 28 28 28 28
or 28 to 120 or 28 to 120
55 55
Max. Output Voltage (Peak) V (10 below 7 7 (10 V below 7 7
supply) supply)
Max. Output Current (Peak) mA 20 19 19 19 19 18
1 to 100000 20 to 50000 3 to 50000 3 to 200000 20 to 50000 A-weighted to
Frequency Range Hz
± 1 dB (6.2 pF) ± 2 dB (12 pF) 2 dB (12 pF) ± 0.5 dB (20 pF) ±2 dB (15 pF) IEC61672 Class 1
0 ±0.3 dB at
Attenuation dB 11 < 0.35 <0.35 < 0.05 < 0.2
1 kHz
Noise A-weighted, Typical μV 4 4 2 1.8 4 8 Max., LIN
Noise 22.4 Hz to 300 kHz, Typical μV 14 15 4 11 12 N/A
10
Input Impedance GΩ||pF 15||15 1.5||0.4 10||0.4 1||0.05 1.7||0.4
+20 – 40%||0.5
1025 from 1025 from 1025 from
102 ref. freq.
TEDS UTID serial number serial number serial number No 1025
1000 Hz
2264319 2264319 2221155

24 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 25 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

2660

Type Number 2660 2660-W-001


Diameter inch 1/2 and 1/1 1/2
Optimised Low-noise Low-noise
Connector at Preamplifier None None
Connector at Instrument/Cable B&K, 7-pin B&K, 7-pin
Calibration Facility None None
Polarization Voltage Support Yes Yes
Supply Voltage V 120 and 12 ±14 to ±16 V
Max. Output Voltage (Peak) V 45 4
Max. Output Current (Peak) mA 1.5 1.5
20 to 200000 20 to 200000
Frequency Range Hz ± 1 dB ± 1 dB
(0 dB)(47 pF) (0 dB)(47 pF)
Attenuation dB < 0.06 < 0.06
Noise A-weighted, typical μV 0.8 0.8
Noise 22.4 Hz to 300 kHz, typical μV 5 5
Input Impedance GΩ||pF 36||0.3 36||0.3
TEDS UTID No No

Type 2660-W-001 is modified for use with input modules


with LEMO socket and split supply (for example, PULSE™
and NEXUS™). Type 2660-W-001 must be used with Cable
WL-1302.

www.bksv.com Microphone Preamplifiers 25


bf020816.book Page 26 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Microphone Verification and Calibration


Charge Injection Calibration (CIC)
1
This is a Brüel & Kjær patented method for in-situ verification
of the integrity of the entire measurement chain, for Cc
example, microphone, preamplifier and cabling. Even mi-
crophones remote from the input stage/conditioning amplifier g 4
Microphone Cc
can be verified. The basic philosophy behind CIC is that if
Mcic = 20 log
we have a known condition (for example, a properly cali- 16pF Cm Cm + Ci + Cc
brated microphone) and establish a reference measurement,
then as long as the reference value does not change,
nothing has changed and the microphone calibration will
still be valid. Additionally CIC verifies the cable and pream- Ci
2
plifier. Furthermore, if an error occurs, then the change in
LEMO Connector
the CIC signal will very often clearly indicate which kind of
060183
problem causes the error.

The CIC technique is a great improvement over the tradi- How to Perform CIC
tional insert voltage calibration method which virtually
The CIC method can be used to monitor the measurement
ignores the state of the microphone. The CIC technique is
system at all frequencies covered by the system.
very sensitive to any change in the microphone’s capacitance,
which is a reliable indicator of the microphone’s condition.
Use low frequencies to observe changes in the preamplifier
input resistance or additional leakage.
The technique works by introducing a small but accurately
defined capacitance Cc (typically 0.2 pF) with a very high
Use the mid-frequency range, for example, around 1 kHz
leakage resistance (greater than 50000 GΩ) into the circuit
to check for changes to the microphone capacitance. The
of the preamplifier, see figure. Ci and Ri represent the
CIC output is essentially inversely proportional to the mi-
preamplifier’s high input impedance and g its gain (= 1).
crophone capacitance.
For a given calibration signal ei, the output eo of this ar-
Check the high-frequency attenuation (above 10 kHz) to
rangement will change considerably, even for small changes
monitor for changes in the microphone resonance.
in the microphone’s capacitance Cm. The CIC technique is
about 100 times more sensitive than the insert voltage cali-
bration. In the extreme case where there is a significant When can CIC be used?
leakage between the microphone’s diaphragm and its back CIC requires use of a preamplifier and a cable which supports
plate (Cm becomes very large), the output signal will CIC plus a front-end input which allows CIC measurement.
change by tens of decibels compared with only tenths of a If the power supply does not support CIC, Brüel & Kjær can
decibel using the insert voltage method. supply adaptors to inject the CIC signal; use WB-0850 for a
Brüel & Kjær connector and UA-1405 for a LEMO connector.
Another important CIC feature is that, unlike the insert Presently CIC is not possible when using preamplifiers with
voltage technique, it is far less sensitive to external electrical DeltaTron output.
fields.
The Brüel & Kjær PULSE Multi-analyzer and the NEXUS range
of conditioning amplifiers support CIC for the microphone
Insert Voltage Calibration (IVC)
inputs.
This method was originally developed for calibration of
the open-circuit voltage sensitivity of microphones and, for
this purpose, it is still the best method. IVC requires a special Calibration
preamplifier and will not detect microphone changes as The microphone and the entire measurement chain must
easily as the CIC method. be calibrated at regular intervals. The calibration provides
traceability and proven accuracy to your system. The intention
behind CIC is not to replace the calibration but to enable
you to extend the calibration interval.

26 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 27 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SOUND INTENSITY
The measurement of sound intensity provides information
on the magnitude and the direction of the sound energy
in the sound field. The measurement technique is used for
a variety of applications such as the determination of
sound power, sound absorption and sound transmission.
Sound intensity is calculated from the quotient of the
sound pressure and the particle velocity; sound pressure
can easily be measured directly but the particle velocity is
usually determined by a finite difference approximation.
This requires two phase matched microphones in a face-to-face
configuration. Brüel & Kjær provides a number of sound
intensity probes that conform to Class 1 in the Sound Intensity
Instrumentation Standard, IEC 61043, which describes the
characteristics of microphone pairs, intensity probes and
calibration techniques for intensity measurements.

Sound Intensity Probes


Two sound intensity probes are available – Type 3595 for bling system whereas Type 3599 is based on an 18-pin ca-
use with the sound intensity analysis system based on bling system and includes a remote control unit. The
sound level meter Type 2260, and Type 3599, suitable for acoustical specifications are the same as both use Sound
use with sound intensity analyzers based on PULSE. The Intensity 1/2-inch Microphone Pair Type 4197 and Dual
main difference is that Type 3595 is based on a 10-pin ca- Preamplifier Type 2683.

Type Number 3595 3599

IEC 61043 IEC 61043


Standards
Class 1 Class 1

Microphones 4197 4197

Dual Preamplifier 2683 2683

Remote Control Unit – ZH-0632

Spacer Length 6 to 200 mm 6 to 200 mm

8.5 mm Spacer 8.5 mm Spacer


250 Hz to 250 Hz to
6.3 kHz 6.3 kHz

Spacers Included 12 mm Spacer 12 mm Spacer 3595 3599


250 Hz to 5 kHz 250 Hz to 5 kHz
50 mm Spacer 50 mm Spacer
20 Hz to 20 Hz to
1.25 kHz 1.25 kHz

www.bksv.com Sound Intensity 27


bf020816.book Page 28 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Sound Intensity Microphone Pairs

Type Number 4197 4178


Diameter inch 1/2 1/4
Free-field Frequency
Hz 5 to 12500 6 to 14000
Response ±1 dB
Free-field Frequency
Hz 0.3 to 20000 4 to 100000
Response ±2 dB
Phase Response Difference < 0.05°: 20 Hz to
250 Hz 1 kHz – 20 kHz:
(Absolute Value)
1/3-octave Centre < f(Hz)/5000:
250 Hz to ±0.1° × f [kHz]
Frequencies 6.3 kHz
< 0.2 dB: 20 Hz < 0.3 dB: 100 Hz
Amplitude Response to 1 kHz to 10 kHz
Difference Normalized at
200 Hz < 0.4 dB: 20 Hz < 0.5 dB: 100 Hz
to 7.1 kHz to 20 kHz
8.5 mm Spacer
UC-5349 6 mm Spacer
12 mm Spacer UC-0196
Accessories Included UC-5269 12 mm Spacer
50 mm Spacer UC-0195
UC-5270
Polarized Capacity
pF <1.0 <0.3
Difference

Dual Preamplifier

Type Number 2683


< 0.015°at 50 Hz (20pF mic.
Phase Matching capacitance)
f(kHz) × 0.06°: 250 Hz to 10 kHz
Electrical Noise re Microphone
Sensitivity:
1/4-inch 6.4 pF Dummy 39.2 dB SPL(A)
1/2-inch 19.5 pF Dummy 19.4 dB SPL(A)
Attenuation for 1/2-inch
Ch.A Typ.: 0.6 dB, Ch.B Typ.: 0.3 dB
Microphones
Attenuation for 1/4-inch
Ch.A Typ.: 1.7 dB, Ch.B Typ.: 0.7 dB
Microphones

28 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 29 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

MICROPHONE & PREAMPLIFIER EXTENSION CABLES


The best connection between A and B is a cable from Generally the order number is:
Brüel & Kjær. A quality cable is so much more than just an
AO-XXXX-Y-ZZZ
electrical connection between two points. Cables from
Brüel & Kjær are carefully selected and designed in order to where:
offer excellent electrical properties such as high screening • AO-XXXX is the basic cable type
and low capacitance combined with maximum strength • Y defines the length unit: Y = D (decimetre), Y = M
and flexibility for easy handling. (metres)
• Z is the length value
The preferred length for many extension cables is 3, 10 or
30m, but nearly all Brüel&Kjær cables are available in customer For example, a 3 m long AO-0414 cable has order number:
specific lengths. The ordering system follows a simple yet
flexible structure. Up to 99.9 m, the cable length can be AO-0414-D-030
specified in tenths of a metre (decimetre) and from 100 m corresponding to a length of 30 decimetres.
in steps of 1 m.
A 100 m long AO-0414 cable has order number:
AO-0414-M-100
Part No. Connector A Connector B Raw Cable Description
AO-0414 LEMO 1B, LEMO 1B, Male AC-0289 Most popular extension able for
Female classical preamplifier and micro-
phone input. Also fits directly in
preamplifiers with cylindrical
houses.

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C
AO-0419 LEMO 0B, LEMO 1B, Male AC-0219 Preamplifier Cable
Female
Silicone Cable

–60 to +150°C

Suits only 2669 and 2673 with


tapered house

AO-0428 LEMO 0B, 7-pin B&K, AC-0219 From present classical preamplifier
Female Male with tapered house to B&K input

Silicone cable

–60 to +150°C

AO-0027 7-pin B&K, 7-pin B&K, AC-0289 From old Brüel&Kjær preamplifier
Female Male to B&K input. Single-screened

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C

www.bksv.com Microphone & Preamplifier Extension Cables 29


bf020816.book Page 30 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Part No. Connector A Connector B Raw Cable Description


AO-0028 7-pin B&K, 7-pin B&K, Double- As AO-0027 but with double-
Female Male screened screened cable

AC-3028

AO-0488 7-pin B&K, LEMO 1B, Male AC-0289 Connects older Brüel & Kjær sys-
Female tems to modern input

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C

AO-0645 LEMO 1B, LEMO 1B, 10- AC-0289 Connects classical microphone
Female pin, Male preamplifiers to SLM and other
input (2250/60 and 3639)

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C

AO-0479 LEMO 1B, Male BNC AC-0289 Microphone front-end input


cable

Only LEMO pin 2 and 4 are con-


nected to BNC, LEMO pin 2 is
GND

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C

AO-0537 7-pin B&K, LEMO 1B, Male AC-0289 Adaptor cable – use only with
Female 2633 and 2639

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C

30 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 31 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Part No. Connector A Connector B Raw Cable Description


AO-0463 10–32 UNF 10–32 UNF AC-0208 Economy cable

PVC

–20 to +70°C

AO-0563 SMB (right SMB (right RG-174 When you need SMB in both
angle) angle) ends

–10 to +80°C

AO-0564 SMB (right BNC RG-174 Where space is limited


angle SMB and BNC

–10 to +80°C

AO-0587 SMB BNC AC-0208 For use with array microphones

PVC cable

–20 to +70°C

AO-0687 10–32 UNF 10–32 UNF AC-0005 Super Cable with extensive
connector relief

PFA cable

–40 to +120°C

AO-0087 BNC BNC RG-58/U General purpose coaxial cable


with BNC
50 Ω
AO-0426 BNC BNC RG-223/U (Dou- General purpose coaxial cable
ble-screened) with BNC, double-screened
50 Ω

AO-0531 10–32 UNF BNC AC-0208 For surface microphones or


1/4-inch TEDS microphones with
10–32 UNF

PVC cable

–20 to +70°C

www.bksv.com Microphone & Preamplifier Extension Cables 31


bf020816.book Page 32 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Part No. Connector A Connector B Raw Cable Description


AR-0014 LEMO 1B, F LEMO 1B, M Shielded flat Signal routing through closed
cable doors and windows

0.2 mm thick

WL-1287 LEMO 1B, LEMO 1B,10- AC-0289 Connects 4182 to 2250/60, etc.,
Female pin, M SLM input

PUR cable

–20 to +80°C

WL-1302 7-pin B&K LEMO 1B, Male AC-0289 Adaptor cable, 2660-W-001 to
PULSE/NEXUS

Maximum ±16 V DC supply

PUR cable

–20 to +80°

EL-4025 LEMO 1B, B&K 7-pin, Connection cable for 5935-L


Female Female
WL-1260 Similar to EL-4025 but with built-
in overvoltage protection for
hydrophone Type 8106

32 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 33 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Raw Cables
This table provides information about the raw cables used the temperature range for a cable with connectors can be
for a number of Brüel & Kjær extension cables. Note that limited compared with the specifications for the raw cable.

Temperature Centre
Raw Cable ∅ mm Jacket Colour Z ohms pF/m Description
Range, °C Conductor
Silver-plated
AC-0005 2 PFA Black –75 to +250 50 105 Special cable with low triboelectric noise
Steel
AC-0079 4 PUR Grey –30 to +90 7∗0.10 mm2 95...115 Special braided shield microphone cable
RG-58/U 4.95 PVC Black –25 to +170 19∗0.1 cm 50 101 Single screen type RG-58/U coaxial cable
Single screen highly flexible, low-cost, thin,
AC-0208 2 PVC Grey –20 to +70 7∗0.1 Ø
coaxial cable
AC-0219 4 Silicone Grey –50 to +150 7∗0.06 mm2 90 Special braided shield microphone cable
AC-0289 4.2 PUR Black, dull –30 to +70 10∗0.04 mm2 95 Special braided shield microphone cable
Double braided shield type
RG-223/U 5.38 PVC Black –35 to +70 0.9 cm 50 101
RG-233/U coaxial cable

Cable Length and Current Limitation in Preamplifiers

Brüel & Kjær preamplifiers can drive very long cables. The The following examples illustrate the use of the above
cable length is limited though by the available output current equation.
of the preamplifier, especially in situations where high frequency
signals must be measured at high levels.

The maximum sound pressure level (Lp,peak) which can be


measured with the combination of available current, cable
load, frequency content of signal and microphone sensitivity
can be calculated with the following expression:

⎛ i peak ⎞
L p, peak = 94 + 20 log ⎜ ----------------------------------------------------------------⎟ [ dB ]
⎝ 2 ⋅ π ⋅ f max ⋅ C L ⋅ 1Pa ⋅ S c⎠

where:

ipeak = maximum available peak current, either the pream-


plifiers maximum output current or the supply current minus
the preamplifier’s current consumption, whichever is the
smallest

fmax = maximum frequency in the signal

CL = total capacitative load presented by the connection


cable in farad (F). The load is calculated by multiplying the
cable length in metres with the cable capacitance in F per
metre

Sc = loaded sensitivity of the microphone in V/Pa (Nominal


Sensitivity)

www.bksv.com Microphone & Preamplifier Extension Cables 33


bf020816.book Page 34 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Example 1 Example 2
Using a PULSE Dyn-X module with DeltaTron® Microphone Using a PULSE Dyn-X module with ½-inch Microphone
Preamplifier Type 2671, a Prepolarized Free-field, ½-inch Preamplifier Type 2669, a ½-inch Free-field Microphone
Microphone Type 4188 and 100 m of 95 pF/m cable: Type 4191 and 1000 m of 95 pF/m cable:

ipeak = 4 mA – 1 mA = 3 mA ipeak = 20 mA – 3 mA = 17 mA

CL = 95 pF/m × 100 m = 9.5 nF CL = 95 pF/m × 1000 m = 95 nF

Sc = 31.6 mV/Pa Sc = 12.5 mV/Pa

fmax = 10000 Hz fmax = 20000 Hz

L p, peak = 94 + 20 log ⎛ -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------⎞ = 138dB L p, peak = 94 + 20 log ⎛ ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------⎞ = 135dB


0.003 0.017
⎝ –9 ⎠ ⎝ –9 ⎠
2 ⋅ π ⋅ 10000 ⋅ 9.5 ⋅ 10 ⋅ 1Pa ⋅ 0.0316 2 ⋅ π ⋅ 20000 ⋅ 95 ⋅ 10 ⋅ 1Pa ⋅ 0.0125

Note: The maximum peak sound pressure level for shorter


cables may be limited by the available voltage and the
preamplifiers maximum slew rate. Further details about
the limitations due to voltage, current, and slew rate of
the preamplifiers can be found in Brüel & Kjær’s Micro-
phone Handbook.

Cable Bending Radius


As a rule of thumb the bending radius should be more
than 15 times the cable diameter.

Popular Connectors Used in Acoustic Measurements


Older Brüel & Kjær equipment traditionally used proprietary so-called B&K
coaxial connectors (JP-0101) and the famous B&K 7-pin microphone plugs for
the preamplifier input.

Due to the long lifetime and high stability of Brüel&Kjær instruments, thousands
of instruments using these traditional connectors are still on the market, and
we still supply extension cables and adaptors that connect these instruments JP-0101
to newer types of transducers. 7-pin microphone preamplifier
plug (male)
Eventually, these older connectors were replaced by the LEMO 7-pin connector
(for classical microphone input), and the industry standard BNC connector for
signal input/output. BNC connectors are also a popular choice for DeltaTron
preamplifiers.

Another popular coaxial connector (originating from the vibration world) is


the 10 – 32 UNF, also called the “Microdot” connector. The 10 – 32 UNF is espe-
cially popular where vibrations can be expected, while the SMB type connectors
JP-0035 LEMO 7-pin
are often encountered in multi-hannel systems, where space around the con-
nector is limited, for example, in array-solutions.

For an overview of the range of different adaptors please see the “Accessories”
section.

34 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 35 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

MICROPHONE ACCESSORIES
Adaptors
Adaptors for Mounting Preamplifiers and Extension
Rods with Microphones of Different Diameters
1/1-inch microphone to 1/2-inch
UA-0786
preamplifier, Insert Voltage possibility
1/1-inch microphone to 1/2-inch
DB-0375
preamplifier
Adaptor for 1/1-inch microphone on
DB-0692
1/2-inch preamplifier
1/4-inch microphone to 1/2-inch
UA-0035 preamplifier (driven shield 0.33 pF), UA-0786 DB-0375 UA-0035 WA-0371
Length = 72.5 mm
1/4-inch microphone to 1/2-inch
WA-0371 preamplifier, short version (driven
shield 0.08 pF), Length = 32 mm
UA-0036 UA-0160
1/8-inch microphone to 1/2-inch
UA-0036
preamplifier (driven shield 0.46 pF)
1/8-inch microphone to 1/4-inch
UA-0160
preamplifier (driven shield 2.44 pF)
UA-1434 1/2-inch to 1-inch adaptor
Flexible Adaptors 1/4- to 1/2- inch and Flush Mountings
for 1/4- and 1/2-inch Microphones UA-0122 UA-0123
UA-0122 Right angle (driven shield 1.25 pF)
UA-0123 Straight (driven shield 1.25 pF)
Flexible Extension Rod
1/2-inch to 1/2-inch 210 mm (driven
UA-0196
shield 0.22 pF)
Angle Pieces UA-0196 UA-1260 EU-4000
1/4-inch to 1/4-inch (driven shield
EU-4000
0.97 pF) 90°
1/2-inch to 1/2-inch (80° approxi-
UA-1260
mately)

www.bksv.com Microphone Accessories 35


bf020816.book Page 36 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Windscreens
The windscreen is made of specially prepared, open-pored sound measurements. The windscreen is simply pushed as
polyurethane foam attenuating wind noise 10 to 12 dB at far as it will go over the microphone (fitted with its normal
lower wind velocities, and is suited for hand-held outdoor protection grid) and preamplifier.

Windscreen Order Numbers


UA-1070 Windscreen for 4184
UA-1071 Windscreen holder for 4184
For 1-inch microphones, spheri-
UA-0207
cal, diameter 90 mm, hole 20 mm
For 1/2-inch microphones, spheri-
UA-0237
cal, diameter 90 mm, hole 10 mm
UA-0253 6 units of UA-0207
UA-0254 6 units of UA-0237
For 1/2-inch microphones, spheri-
UA-0459
cal, diameter 65 mm, hole 10 mm
UA-0469 6 units of UA-0459
Type 4952. Upper part with
UA-1679
windscreen
UA-1700 Windscreen for Type 4952
UA-1701 6 units of UA-1700 units
For 1/4-inch microphones, spheri-
WQ-1099
cal, diameter 65 mm, hole 5 mm
For 1/4-inch microphones, ellipse
WQ-1133
38 × 55 mm, hole 5 mm UA-1700 UA-0207 UA-0459 WQ-1133 UA-1070
UA-0237 WQ-1099
Windscreen for Type 4198/
DS-0394
UA-1404
UA-0781 Elliptical Windscreen
UA-0839 6 pack UA-0781
UA-0838 6 pack UA-0782, Ø 65
UA-1650 Windscreen auto detect

36 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 37 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Nose Cones
Nose cones are designed to reduce the aerodynamically induced the least possible resistance to air flow and thereby reducing
noise present when the microphone is exposed to high the noise produced by the presence of the microphone itself.
wind speeds in a known direction, for example, during The fine wire mesh around the nose cone permits sound
sound measurements in wind tunnels, ducts, etc. They replace pressure transmission to the microphone diaphragm while
the normal protection grid of the microphone, and have a a truncated cone behind the mesh reduces the air volume
streamlined shape with a highly polished surface giving in front of the diaphragm.

Nose Cone Order Numbers


UA-0387: 1/1-inch

UA-0386: 1/2-inch

UA-0385: 1/4-inch

UA-0355: 1/8-inch

UA-0387 UA-0386 UA-0385 UA-0355

Turbulence Screen
Turbulence Screen UA-0436 is designed to attenuate turbu- free-field condenser microphone mounted on a 1/2-inch
lence noise when measuring airborne noise in ducts, wind microphone preamplifier.
tunnels etc. The UA-0436 can be used with any 1/2-inch

UA-0436 For suppression of turbulence during


noise measurements with 1/2-inch
microphones inside air ducts

www.bksv.com Microphone Accessories 37


bf020816.book Page 38 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Outdoor Protection
UA-1404 Outdoor Microphone Kit for Pream-
plifiers 2669, 2671, 2673 and Sound
Level Meters 2236, 2237, 2238, 2239
DB-3611 Extension for UA-1404 – makes it
possible to mount the preamplifier
from Sound Level Meter Type 2231
UA-0308 Dehumidifier used with back-vented
1/2-inch microphones with nickel dia-
phragms
UA-0393 Rain cover with built in actuator
4952 Upper Part with Integral Wind-
UA-1679
screen
Windscreen Holder with bird spike UA-1404 DB-3611 UA-0308
UC-5360
for 4198/UA-1404
“Raincoat” for 4952

Preamplifier Holders
Preamplifier Holders Order Numbers
UA-1317 Preamplifier Holder to be used with
1/2-inch preamplifiers together with
a camera tripod. The holder can be
swivelled and locked at any angle
between +90° and –90° from the
vertical
UA-1588 Preamplifier Holder to be used with
1/4-inch preamplifiers together with
a camera tripod (for example, UA-1317)

UA-0588 Microphone Holder for Tripod (2671,


2669-C SLM preamplifiers)

UA-1284 Microphone Stand for 2669-B/L


UA-1317 UA-1588 UA-0588 UA-1284

Corrector
DZ-9566 Random Incidence Corrector gives Types 4176/4188 a
flat random response for measurements in diffuse
sound fields

38 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 39 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Tripods
UA-0587 Heavy Duty Tripod for Type 3923
Rotating Boom, max. height 1.46 m
UA-0801 Lightweight Tripod with tilt head,
max.1332 mm
UA-0803 Tripod for photocells and micro-
phones, max. 1250 mm
UA-0989 Tripod with pan and tilt head for
Type 8329
UA-1251 Lightweight Tripod for Type 2236,
compact, max. height 1.22 m
UA-1577 Tripod including CAM head

UA-1707 Tripod Adaptor for Type 4952

www.bksv.com Microphone Accessories 39


bf020816.book Page 40 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Calibration
The most important parameter for any measurement device complies with the requirements of national legislation,
is sensitivity. The sensitivity can be defined as the ratio of standard bodies or customers
the output parameter to the input parameter. To determine • To verify the stability of the measurement equipment,
the sensitivity is to calibrate the measurement device. including equipment used to perform calibration
• To account for local measurement conditions, for example,
A calibration is performed: variations in ambient pressure and temperature
• To ensure that your measurements are correct • To ensure product quality
• To prove that measurement methods and the equipment • To build confidence in measurement results
used are accurate, for example, to prove that a measurement

Calibrators

4231 4226 4228 4229

Type Number 4231 4226 4228 4229


Multifunction
Hydrophone
Description Sound Calibrator Acoustic Cali- Pistonphone
Calibrator
brator
EN/IEC 60942 EN/IEC 60942
(2003) Class LS* (2003) Class LS IEC 60942
Standards –
and Class 1 and Class 1 (1998) Class 1
ANSIS1.40–1984 ANSIS1.40–1984
From 151 to
94, 104 and 166 dB re 1μPa,
Calibration Pressure dB SPL 94 and 114 124
114 depending on
hydrophone
31.5 Hz to
16 kHz in
Calibration Frequencies Hz 1000 251.2 251.2
octave steps
plus 12.5 kHz
Calibration Accuracy dB ±0.2 ±0.2 at 94 dB ±0.2 ±0.7
1-inch and 1/2-
Fits Types 8100,
inch 1-inch, 1/2-
1/2-inch 8101, 8103,
Transducer (1/4-inch and inch,1/4-inch
and 1/4-inch 8104, 8105 and
1/8-inch with and 1/8-inch
8106
adaptor)
* Type 4231 conforms with Class LS tolerances over the full temperature range from –10 to +50°C

40 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 41 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Sound Intensity Calibrators


Requirements for laboratory and field use are different. 4297 for field use. Both calibrators fulfil IEC 61043, 1993
Brüel & Kjær, therefore, offers two instruments for sound Class 1.
intensity calibration; Type 3451 for laboratory use and Type

Comparison of Sound Intensity Calibrators


Type Number 3541 4297
In the
Main Application In the field
laboratory
Unnecessary
Dismantling of Probe Necessary
(up to 3 kHz)
Calibration of Sound Intensity Level LI Yes No
Calibration of Sound Pressure Level Lp Yes Yes
Calibration of Particle Velocity Level Lv Yes No
20 to 3 kHz
with spacer
Pressure-Residual Intensity Index Lp – LI 20 to 5 kHz
20 to 6.3 kHz
without spacer
Irrelevant as
Probe must be
spacer must be
Spacings Accommodated based on
removed from
12 mm spacer
probe
3541
Separate pis-
Sound Pressure Source Integrated
tonphone
Separate pink
Integrated pink
and white
Noise Generator noise genera-
noise genera-
tor 4297
tor
Microphones Accomodated inch 1/4 and 1/2 1/2
Number of Mechanical Parts 4 1

www.bksv.com Microphone Accessories 41


bf020816.book Page 42 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Adaptors for Calibration


DP-0776 Adaptor (for 1/2-inch microphones)

DP-0775 Adaptor (for 1/4-inch microphones)

DP-0774 Adaptor (for 1/8-inch microphones)

DP-0977 Adaptor (for un-flanged surface


microphone)
DP-0978 Adaptor (for Type 4101)

DP-0979 Adaptor (for flush-mounted surface DP-0776 DP-0775 DP-0774 DP-0978


microphone)
DB-4009 1/4-inch Adaptor for UA-0033

DB-4010 1/8-inch Adaptor for UA-0033


DP-0977 DP-0979
Electrostatic Actuators

UA-0023 For 1-inch microphones

UA-0033 For 1/2-inch microphones


For calibration of Surface Micro-
UA-1639
phones
Actuator Adaptors

DB-0264 For 1/4-inch microphones, use with


UA-0023 UA-0033 UA-1639 DB-0264 DB-0900
UA-0033
DB-0900 For 1/8-inch microphones, use with
UA-0033

42 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 43 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Miscellaneous
ZG-0350 LEMO to 7-pin B&K adaptor for con-
necting cables with LEMO 1B male
connector to instruments with B&K
7-pin connectors
UA-1405 CIC Adaptor, LEMO to B&K is an
adaptor similar to ZG-0350 with a
BNC to mini-jack cable of 1.5 m to
inject CIC to the preamplifier
WB-0850 Insert Voltage or CIC Junction Unit
10 – 32 UNF socket for signal input.
Use, for example, cable AO-0038 for
signal input
ZG-0328 BNC to B&K 7-pin, provides Delta-
Tron supply from microphone 7-pin
supply*

WB-1421 BNC to LEMO, provides DeltaTron


supply from microphone LEMO
supply*

WB-1452 Microdot to LEMO provides Delta-


Tron supply from microphone LEMO
supply* ZG-0350 UA-1405 WB-0850

WA-0160 General Purpose Transmitter Adaptor


for ½″ microphones
Generates approx. 77 dB SPL in a
1 ccm coupler @ 1 V Generates
approx. –18 dB SPL in the free-field @
1 V and 1 kHz at 1 m distance ZG-0328 WB-1421 WB-1452
Free-field SPL increases +12 dB/oct.
Values for typical 50 mV/Pa cartridge
UA-0920 Transmitter Adaptor for Type 4182
Basically same performance as
WA-0160

JP-0144 B&K coaxial to BNC adaptor

WA-0160 UA-0920

JP-0028 B&K coaxial to 10 – 32 UNF

JP-0169 Grounding terminal to 10 – 32 UNF


connector

JP-0145 BNC to 10 – 32 UNF adaptor

* These units require minimum 28 V DC supply from the front-end – cannot be used with PULSE

www.bksv.com Microphone Accessories 43


bf020816.book Page 44 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

44 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 45 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

www.bksv.com Microphone Accessories 45


bf020816.book Page 46 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

HYDROPHONES
The Brüel & Kjær range of hydrophones is a range of indi-
vidually calibrated, waterborne-sound transducers that
have a flat frequency response and are omnidirectional
over a wide frequency range. Their construction is such
that they are absolutely waterproof and have good corrosion
resistance. There are four types.

Type 8103 is suitable for laboratory and industrial use and


particularly for the acoustic study of marine animals or for
cavitation measurements.
8105
Type 8104 is ideal for calibration purposes.
8103
Type 8105 is a robust, spherical hydrophone that can be
used at an ocean depth of 1000 m. It has excellent directional 8104
characteristics, being omnidirectional over 270° in the axial
plane and 360° in the radial plane.
8106
Type 8106 has a built-in amplifier that gives a signal suitable
for transmission over long underwater cables. It can be
used down to an ocean depth of 1000 m.

Type Number 8103 8104 8105 8106


Sensitivity* −211dB re 1 V/μPa ±2dB −205 dB re 1 V/μPa ±2 dB −173 dB re 1 V/μPa ±3 dB
Nominal Voltage Sensitivity 29 μV/Pa 56 μV/Pa 2.24 mV/Pa
Nominal Charge Sensitivity* 0.1 pC/Pa 0.44 pC/Pa 0.41 pC/Pa N/A
Capacitance*
3700 pF 7800 pF 7250 pF N/A
(incl. standard cable)
0.1 Hz to 20 kHz 0.1 Hz to 10 kHz 10 Hz to 10 kHz
+1/–1.5 dB ±1.5 dB +0.5/−3.0 dB
0.1 Hz to 100 kHz
+1/−6.5 dB
0.1 Hz to 100 kHz 0.1 Hz to 80 kHz 7 Hz to 30 kHz
Frequency Response* (re 250 Hz) +1.5/−6.0 dB ±4.0 dB +0.5/−6.0 dB
0.1 Hz to 160 kHz
+3.5/−10.0 dB
0.1 Hz to 180 kHz 0.1 Hz to 120 kHz 3 Hz to 80 kHz
+3.5/−12.5 dB +4/−12.0 dB +6/−10.0 dB
Horizontal Directivity
±2 dB at 100 kHz ±2 dB at 20 kHz
(radial xy plane)
±2 dB
Vertical Directivity
±4 dB at 100 kHz ±2 dB at 50 kHz over 270° at 80 kHz ±3 dB at 20 kHz
(axial xz plane)
±2.5 dB at 100 kHz

Leakage Resistance* (at 20 ×C) >2500 MΩ

Operating Temperature Range:


Short-term −30°C to +120°C
Continuous −30°C to +80°C −10°C to +60°C
Sensitivity Change with Temp.:
Charge 0 to +0.03 dB/°C 0 to +0.03 dB/°C 0 to +0.03 dB/°C –
Voltage 0 to −0.03 dB/°C 0 to −0.04 dB/°C 0 to −0.03 dB/°C 0 to +0.01 dB/°C

Max. Operating Static Pressure 252 dB = 4 ×106 Pa = 40 atm. = 400 m ocean depth 260 dB = 9.8 × 106 Pa = 100 atm. = 1000 m ocean depth

Sensitivity Change with Static 0 to 1 × 10–7 dB/Pa


Pressure 0 to –3 × 10–7 dB/Pa (0 to −0.03 dB/atm.)
0 to 0.01 dB/atm.

Allowable Total Radiation Dose 5 × 107 Rad.

46 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 47 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Type Number 8103 8104 8105 8106


Dimensions
Length: 50 mm (1.97″) 120 mm (4.73″) 93 mm (3.66″) 182 mm (7.17″)
Body diameter: 9.5 mm (0.37″) 21 mm (0.83″) 22 mm (0.87″) 32 mm (1.26″)
Weight
170 g (0.37 lb.) 1.6 kg (3.5 lb.) 382 g (0.84 lb.)
(including integral cable)
6 m waterproof low-noise
double-shielded teflon 10 m waterblocked low-noise shielded cable to
Integral Cable
cable with standard minia- MIL–C–915 with BNC plug
ture coaxial plug

* Nominal value, each hydrophone is supplied with its own calibration data
Note: Unless otherwise stated, all values are valid at 23°C (73°F)

Hydrophone Cables and Connectors

Water Air
Hydrophone Connector Cable Connector Cable Connector

8103 10-32 UNF

8104 BNC

AO-1431 JP-0108
8104 - W-001* AO-1432
AC-0034
JP-0415 JJ-0415 AC-0034 JP-0415 JJ-0415

8105 BNC
AO-1431 JP-0108
8105 - W-001* AO-1432
AC-0034
JP-0415 JJ-0415 AC-0034 JP-0415 JJ-0415

AO-1433 AO-0390
8106 B & K 7-pin
AC-0101 AC-0101
JP-0735 JJ-0738 JP-0735 JP-0717

* 10 m 951173/3

Brüel & Kjær hydrophones are available as standard vari- Longer integral cables are available with the same order-
ants in customer specific lengths as described below: ing syntax as for other Brüel & Kjær cable, for example:

• The default length of 8103 cable is unchanged 6 m TYPE – D/M – XXXX in increments of 1 metre
• The default length of 8104 cable is unchanged 10 m
• The default length of 8105 cable is unchanged 10 m • Maximum length for 8103 is 400 m
• The default lengths which are minimum lengths are • Maximum length for 8104 is 200 m
kept in stock • Maximum length for 8105 is 200 m

For Type 8106 which is supplied without cable, the Under-


water Cable AO–0390 is unchanged and available in cus-
tomer specific lengths up to 200 m.

www.bksv.com Hydrophones 47
bf020816.book Page 48 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SIGNAL CONDITIONING
Signal conditioning improves the performance and reliability filtering, powering of transducers, overload detection, and
of the measurement system. A typical system includes the Transducer Electronic Datasheet (TEDS) support.
signal conditioning hardware, which works as an interface
between the raw signals and transducer outputs to the The main types of conditioning inputs are microphone,
measurement device. The conditioning amplifier will supply DeltaTron® (or IEPE), charge, intensity, bridge and differential.
the system with signal amplification, electrical isolation,

Different Input Types Products Usage

• NEXUS Microphone Conditioning Amplifier


Acoustics

• Microphone Power Supply Type 2829 For microphone preamplifiers with seven pin
Microphone • Dual Microphone Supply Type 5935, with sockets, usually a 7-pin LEMO socket and some-
B&K socket times the B&K 7-pin socket.
• 8-channel Acoustic Front-end Type 5966

• NEXUS DeltaTron Conditioning Amplifiers


Vibration

• Measuring Amplifier, Type 2525


For piezoelectric accelerometers and preamplifiers
DeltaTron • 16-channel DetaTron Conditioning Amplifier
with built-in electronics.
Type 2694
• WB-1372 DeltaTron power Supply
Acoustics/Vibration

For piezoelectric transducers such as charge


• NEXUS Charge Conditioning Amplifiers
Charge accelerometers, force transducers, impact
• Measuring Amplifier Type 2525
hammers, or hydrophones.

48 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 49 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Different Input Types Products Usage


Acoustics

For intensity probes, either via two 7-pin LEMO


Intensity
sockets, or two 7-pin B&K sockets.
Vibration

Differential • Charge Amplifiers Types 2634, 2663, and For differential/balanced piezoelectric
2663-B (see Accelerometer & Conditioning accelerometers.
Catalogue, BF 0212)

www.bksv.com Signal Conditioning 49


bf020816.book Page 50 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

NEXUS Conditioning Amplifiers


The most flexible and advanced conditioning amplifier auxiliary filters. It is possible to choose between different
from Brüel & Kjær is NEXUS™. NEXUS is flexible in the way standard conditioning amplifiers such as microphone, Del-
it can be configured. It is advanced as it can have both taTron®, charge, and intensity inputs. NEXUS can be con-
acoustic and vibration inputs in the same mainframe. One figured according to your needs. We have preconfigured
NEXUS mainframe can contain up to four independent the most commonly used NEXUS versions for your use.
channels and different filters such as bandpass filters and

NEXUS Physical Dimensions


Height: 90 mm (3.5″)
Width: 144 mm (5.7″)
Depth: 230 mm (9.1″)
Weight: 3 kg (6.6 lb.), including battery

• Digital Control Interface. Conforms to EIA/TIA-574 (RS–232)


• One mainframe holds up to four input channels
• External DC power input, complies with ISO 7637–1 (12 V) and
7637–2 (24 V)
• Operating temperature: –10 to 55°C

Back panel

Ch: 1 2 3 4
Optional
module
Battery NEXUS Optional
• Holds an internal battery (not included)
Processor • Any combination of the four input channels is possible
and power
• Optional filters such as low-pass filters, 20 Hz high-pass filters, single/double
Motherboa module
rd integration and A-, B-, C-, and D-weighting filters
Display • Additional options are also constant power and upper limiting frequency
Control pa
nel
to 140 kHz
OVL

060221

50 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 51 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

NEXUS Microphone Conditioning Amplifier


You can have up to 4 microphone channels in a single con-
ditioning amplifier.

Preconfigured NEXUS for Acoustical Measurements


Channels 1 2 4 2 2 4
Type Number 2690-A-0S1 2690-A-0S2 2690-A-0S4 2691-A-0S2 2690-A-0F2 2690-A-0F4
Description 1-channel Micro- 2-channel Micro- 4-channel Micro- 2-channel (single 2-channel Micro- 4-channel Micro-
phone Conditioning phone Conditioning phone Conditioning probe) Intensity Con- phone Conditioning phone Conditioning
Amplifier Amplifier Amplifier ditioning Amplifier Amplifier with A, B, Amplifier with A, B,
C, and D filters C, and D filters

Common Features of all NEXUS with Microphone Input


• Up to 4 microphone channels in one mainframe • Input range10 to 33 V DC
• Microphone connector is 7-pin LEMO • Polarization voltage V is 0 V or 200 V
• AC input • Peak meter
• DC input • LCD display
• AC output • TEDS support, IEEE 1451.4
• Battery/Charge Adaptor • Manual or computer controlled
• Frequency range (–1dB): 0.1 Hz to 100 kHz • Mountable in a 19-inch rack
• Floating input for maximum EMI* protection • –20 to 60 dB amplifier gain (80 dB with reduced
• Supply voltage can be ±14 or ±40 V specifications)
• Maximum input: 31.6 V (peak) • Implemented CIC†
• Input protection: ≤50 V (peak)· • Current overload detection
• Input impedance 1 MΩ || 300 pF (AC coupled) • A-weighting filter type “O” is standard

* EMI – Eletromagnetic Interference † CIC – Charge Injection Calibration

NEXUS DeltaTron Conditioning Amplifiers


Up to four DeltaTron input modules can be fitted for con- based accelerometers, microphone preamplifiers or “direct
ditioning of input signals from Constant Current Line Drive voltage” input.

Preconfigured NEXUS for Vibration Measurements


Channels 1 2 4 1 4 4 4 4
Type Number 2693-A-0S1 2693-A-0S2 2693-A-0S4 2693-A-0I1 2693-A-0I4 2693-A-0M4 2693-A-0P4 2693-A-0F4
Description 1-channel 2-channel 4-channel DeltaTron DeltaTron 2-channel DeltaTron DeltaTron
DeltaTron DeltaTron DeltaTron Conditioning Conditioning Charge and 2- Conditioning Conditioning
Conditioning Conditioning Conditioning Amplifier with Amplifier with channel Delta- with Constant Amplifier with
Amplifier Amplifier Amplifier Integration Filter Single and Tron Condi- Power On A, B, C, and D
Double Inte- tioning Filters
grations Amplifier

www.bksv.com Signal Conditioning 51


bf020816.book Page 52 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Common Features of all NEXUS with DeltaTron Input


• Up to 4 DeltraTron input channels in one mainframe • Tacho probe connection via TNC socket supplied with
• BNT connector, floating or single-ended 8 V DC voltage
• AC input • –20 to 60 dB gain (80 dB with reduced specifications)
• DC input • Peak meter
• AC output • LCD display
• Battery/Charge Adaptor • TEDS support, IEEE 1451.4
• Constant current: 4 to 10 mA with a +28 V voltage • Manual or computer controlled
source • Mountable in a 19-inch rack
• Current overload detection • Input impedance 1 MΩ || 100 pF (AC coupled)
• Frequency range (10%): 0.1 Hz to 100 kHz (gain <60 dB)

NEXUS Charge Conditioning Amplifiers


A conditioning charge amplifier can contain up to 4 separate high- and low-pass filtering facilities. Single and double
charge input channels. Each channel has comprehensive integration modes are available.

Preconfigured NEXUS for Vibration Measurements


Channels 1 2 4 1 2 4 1 4 4
Type Number 2692-A-0S1 2692-A-0S2 2692-A-0S4 2692-A-0I1 2692-A-0I2 2692-A-0I4 2692-A-0P1 2692-C 2692-D
Description 1-channel 2-channel 4-channel 1-channel 2-channel 4-channel 1-channel 4-channel 4-channel
Charge Charge Charge Charge Charge Charge Charge Conditioning Conditioning
Conditioning Conditioning Conditioning Conditioning Conditioning Conditioning Conditioning Amplifier for Amplifier for
Amplifier Amplifier Amplifier Amplifier Amplifier Amplifier with Con- very high lev- very high lev-
with Single with Single with Single stant Power els (100 nC) els (100 nC)
and Double and Double and Double On with Single
Integration Integration Integration and Double
Integration
Filters

Common Features of all NEXUS with Charge Input


• Up to four separate charge input channels
• TNC connector
• TNC to 10–32 UNF adaptor
• Differential charge: 10 nC (peak)
• Differential charge for 2692-C/D: 100 nC (peak)
• AC output
• AC input
• DC input
• Single ended or floating input
• Both manual and computer control
• Mountable in a 19-inch rack
• Peak meter
• LCD display
• TEDS support, IEEE 1451.4
• Battery/Charge Adaptor
• Calibration functions
• MRT‡ facilities
• –20 to 60 dB gain (80 dB with reduced specifications)

‡ MRT – Mounted Resonance Testing

52 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 53 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Microphone Power Supply Type 2829


This 4-channel Microphone Power Amplifier has a very robust of loudspeakers and telephones. This unit is especially designed
design. Suitable for production, testing and quality control for acoustical systems.

2829 Physical Dimensions


• Height: 232 mm (9.13″)
• Width: 46 mm (1.81″)
• Depth: 106 mm (4.17″)
• Weight: 430 gram (15.25 oz.)

Channels Input: 4 LEMO 1B female, Output: 4 BNC

Type Number 2829

Description 4-channel Microphone Power Supply

Features of Type 2829


• 4-pin inputs, LEMO sockets
• 4 outputs via BNC outlets
• AC output
• DC input power, 12 V
• Stackable units
• Operating temperature is –10 to +55ºC (14 to 131ºF)
• TEDS support, IEEE 1451.4
• Implemented CIC**
• CIC, maximum input 10 V RMS
• CIC input impedance is 100 kΩ
• Polarization Voltage, 0 V or 200 V
• Provides ± 50 V DC for preamplifiers
• Mountable in a 19-inch rack
• Battery/Charge Adaptor

** CIC – Charge InjectionCalibration

www.bksv.com Signal Conditioning 53


bf020816.book Page 54 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Dual Microphone Supply Type 5935/5935-L


These two dual microphone suppliers work as power supplies plifiers or accelerometers. They are specially designed for
and conditioning for microphone preamplifiers and Delta- work in-the-field due to their portability. Both types
Tron conditioning. They are mainly used as microphone can also be rack-mounted which makes them perfect for
preamplifier power supplies with the feature that they laboratory installations.
also make it possible to amplify the output of the pream-

5935 Physical Dimensions


• Height: 132.6 mm (5.2″)
• Width: 69.5 mm (2.6″)
• Depth: 200 mm (7.9″)
• Weight: 1.1 kg (2 lb. 7 oz)

5935 5935-L

Input: 2 channels, 7-pin B&K sockets Input: 2 channels, 7-pin LEMO sockets
Channels
Output: 2 BNC sockets Output: 2 BNC sockets

Type Number 5935 5935-L

Dual-channel Microphone Power Supply, B&K Dual-channel Microphone Power Supply, LEMO
Description
sockets sockets

Use with DeltaTron accelerometers and Micro- Use with Falcon Range microphone preamplifiers
Application
phone Preamplifier Type 2671 (Type 5935-L)

Supplies heater current for dehumidification in


Special Features Implemented CIC
cases where an external power source is used

Common Features of Types 5935 and 5935-L


• Input impedance: 200 kΩ||500 pF
• Maximum input level: 5 V RMS
• DC input power
• AC output
• Channel gain range: –5 dB to +55 dB
• Selectable linear or A-weighted frequency response for
each channel
• Amplitude and phase-match channels
• Polarization Voltage, 0 V, 28 V or 200 V
• Internal batteries or external power source
• Rack mounting possibilities
• Low output impedance (15 Ω)
• Operating temperature: –10 to +50ºC (14 to 122ºF)

54 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 55 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Measuring Amplifier Type 2525


This low-noise amplifier has both Charge and DeltaTron inputs. testing. It includes automatic gain adjustment, level moni-
The product is mainly designed for product and prototype toring with alarm output, and signal overload indication.

2525 Physical Dimensions


• Height: 132.5 mm (5.22″)
• Width: 139.5 mm (5.49″)
• Depth: 320 mm (12.6″)
• Weight: 3.6 kg (5.8 lb.)

Channels 1

Type Number 2525

Description Measuring Amplifier

Features of Type 2525


• Charge Input: TNC Socket on front-end
• Maximum input: 0 to100 kHz: 50 nC peak
• DeltaTron Input: BNC socket on front-end
• AC output
• AC input power
• RMS
• Peak
• Menu based user-interface
• Both manual and remote control option
• Storage of up to 8 amplifier setups
• Gain adjustment ensures rapid and accurate setup and
ease of interpretation
• Conversion of acceleration signals to velocity and
displacement
• Includes a mounted resonance measuring function for
the best mounting of accelerometers
• Built-in filters: high-pass and low-pass
• External filters can be attached via a 15-pin auxiliary
connector
• Operating temperature: 5 to 40ºC (41 to 104ºF)
• Mountable in rack
• LCD display

www.bksv.com Signal Conditioning 55


bf020816.book Page 56 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

16-channel DeltaTron Conditioning Amplifier Type 2694


This multichannel conditioning amplifier has an analogue designed for larger multichannel applications such as modal
input for accelerometers, microphone preamplifiers, and analysis or array measurements.
tachometers. The amplifier can be stacked and is specially

2694 Physical Dimensions


• Height: 46.3 mm (1.7″)
• Width: 449 mm (17.7″)
• Depth: 254mm (10″)
• Weight: 2.5 kg (5.5 lb.)

Type Number Description

Standard version 16-channel standard DeltaTron Conditioning


2694-A
• No filters Amplifier

Basic version 16-channel standard DeltaTron Conditioning


2694-B
• No optional filters available Amplifier

Customised version
2694-C • Optional filters, A-, B-, C- and D-filters, single and double integration filters in 1 to 16 channels, or
single and double integration filters in all 16 channels

2694-D 16-channel standard DeltaTron Conditioning Amplifier with single and double Integration filters

Features of Type 2694


• DeltaTron input, channel 1 to 15: BNC
• Voltage input connector, channel 16; BNT (CCLD, voltage
or tacho)
• AC output
• AC Input Power
• DC Input Power
• DC supply
• Transducer supply: DeltaTron Current: 6 mA ±15%,
DeltaTron Voltage: 25 V ±10%
• Battery/Charge adaptor
• Controlled by Windows®-based software
• Operating temperature: –10 to 55ºC (14 to 131ºF)
• Optional filters, high-pass, A-, B-, C-, D-filter, low-pass filter
• TEDS support, IEEE 1451.4
• Stackable and rack mountable
• Serial Interface: RS–232

56 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 57 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

DeltaTron Power Supply Type WB-1372

WB-1372 Physical Dimensions


• Height: 39 mm (1.5″)
• Width: 65 mm (2.5″)
• Depth: 120 mm (4.7″)

Channels 1

Type Number WB-1372

Description DeltaTron Power Supply

Features of WB-1372
• Powers one DeltaTron transducer
• Input/output BNC sockets
• Transducer current: 3 mA (±20%)
• Displays bias voltage on the meter
• Dynamic Impedance: >100 kΩ
• Battery powered. 3 × 9V standard batteries for powering
• Battery check
• AC output

www.bksv.com Signal Conditioning 57


bf020816.book Page 58 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

BRÜEL & KJÆR SERVICE


Service Agreement
With a Service Agreement you can save both time and
money.

The value of a Service Agreement lies in a combination of


the following:
• Assurance that the time your instrument is away for
service is minimised
• Attractive total service price

You can combine a range of services in one agreement


over several years. You get priority at the time you need
service and a predictable maintenance budget. With
planned service your instrument is available at the time
you set up for measurement and you have proof of correct
data.

If a technician, during calibration, detects a need for repair


or replacement, it will be performed immediately, if cov-
ered by the service agreement. This means that you don’t
have to be without your instrument several times, there is
no communication back and forth to decide what should
be done to the instrument, and no large surprises to your
budget.

Examples of what a Service Agreement can contain:


• Your instrument can be calibrated and maintained at
the same time
• Multiple calibrations – to give the most favourable
price
• Priority calibration
• Priority repair – or replacement
• Extension of manufacturer’s warranty

Reference Instruments
You can get two levels of reference calibration from and for organisations in the industry requiring the abso-
Brüel & Kjær – Primary Calibration performed by Danish Pri- lute minimum of variations in sensitivity over time.
mary Laboratory of Acoustics (DPLA) and Secondary Cali-
bration. Which level to choose depends on the level of Secondary Calibration: If your sensitivity requirements are
sensitivity required for your reference instruments. on a step lower than primary calibration, we recommend
that you annually calibrate two or more reference instru-
ments with annual accredited calibration in the ISO 17025
Primary Calibration: DPLA annually performs hundreds of certified laboratory at Brüel & Kjær. This is typically per-
primary calibrations on reference microphones and acceler- formed for industrial companies who have in-house cali-
ometers, for national metrology institutes, test institutes bration.

58 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 59 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Initial Calibration
Sensitivity data is included with the delivery of new
Brüel & Kjær microphones and accelerometers. Most types
are individually measured. To start the measurement histo-
ry from day one – for example if this is required for cus-
tomer audit or quality procedures – you can order
accredited calibration with most new instruments.

Regular Calibration
To minimise the cost of errors due to faulty or inaccurate
measurements, we recommend annual calibration in an
ISO 17025-accredited certified laboratory at Brüel & Kjær.
This will provide you with an unbroken history to use as
reference for internal requirements, for audit purposes re-
quired by authorities or just as a request from your cus-
tomers. And you can follow the history of sensitivity for
your instruments over a period of time.

You can choose between accredited or traceable calibra- Traceable Calibration


tion.
With a traceable calibration at Brüel & Kjær your instru-
ments will be calibrated to the same level and under the
Accredited Calibration
same quality requirements as for accredited calibration.
When you have your accelerometers and microphones cali-
brated regularly, you will have reliable measurement data, For unbroken sensitivity history, mostly for company inter-
you can compare data over time, and you can provide nal use, you can order traceable calibration from
proof to customers, and fulfil internal or external quality
Brüel & Kjær. The certificate contains measured sensitivity
requirements.
data, and for most types the frequency response curve is
available.
The accredited certificate contains measured sensitivity da-
ta. For most instruments a frequency response curve is also
available, although there are a few exceptions.
About Calibration at Brüel & Kjær
Brüel & Kjær laboratories are ISO 17025 accredited and can
perform these different types of accredited calibration: Your instrument will be calibrated in laboratory that has
• DANAK – with English certificate as default if no other been thoroughly inspected by an official authority. The
language is specified (International) methodology, procedures, traceability, technical competen-
• UKAS – with English certificate (UK) cy and record keeping have been certified.
• DKD – with German certificate (Germany)
• Eichamt – with German certificate (Austria)
The certificate can be used across borders because the cali-
• RVA – with Dutch or English certificate (Netherlands)
bration has been carried out in accordance with interna-
• ENAC – with Spanish certificate (Spain)
tionally accepted standards (ISO 17025).
• A2LA – with English certificate (US)
• NATA – with English certificate (Australia)
• COFRAC (microphones) – with French certificate This applies to accredited as well as traceable calibration.
(France)
• Inmetro – with Portuguese certificate (Brazil)

www.bksv.com Brüel & Kjær Service 59


bf020816.book Page 60 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

GLOSSARY OF ACOUSTICAL TERMS


Absorption Damping (1)
The conversion of sound energy into another form of energy, The action of frictional or dissipative forces on a dynamic
usually heat when passing through an acoustical medium. system causing the system to lose energy and reduce the
amplitude of movement.
Absorption coefficient
Ratio of sound absorbing effectiveness at a specific frequency, Damping (2)
of a unit area of acoustical absorbent to a unit area of perfectly Removal of echoes and reverberation by the use of sound
absorptive material. absorbing materials. Also: Sound proofing

Decibel scale
Acoustics A linear numbering scale used to define a logarithmic amplitude
The science of the production, control, transmission, reception scale, thereby compressing a wide range of amplitude values
and effects of sound and of the phenomenon of hearing. to a small set of numbers.

Active sound field Diffraction


A sound field in which the particle velocity is in phase with The scattering of radiation at an object smaller than one
the sound pressure. All acoustic energy is transmitted, wavelength and the subsequent interference of the scat-
none is stored. A plane wave propagating in a free field is tered wavefronts.
an example of a purely active sound field and constitutes
the real part of complex sound field. Diffuse field
A sound field in which the sound pressure level is the same
Ambient noise everywhere and the flow of energy is equally probable in
All-pervasive noise associated with a given environment. all directions.

Diffuse sound
Amplitude distribution
Sound that is completely random in phase; sound which
A method of representing time-varying noise by indicating
appears to have no single source.
the percentage of time that the noise level is present in a
series of amplitude intervals.
Directivity factor
The ration of the mean-square pressure (or intensity) on
Anechoic room the axis of a transducer at a certain distance to the mean-
A room whose boundaries effectively absorb all incident square pressure (or intensity) which a spherical source radiating
sound over the frequency range of interest, thereby creating the same power would produce at that point.
essentially free field conditions.
Dynamic capability
Audibility threshold The dynamic capability of an intensity measurement system
The sound pressure level, for a specified frequency at is determined by adding normally 5 dB (for a measuring
which persons with normal hearing begin to respond. error less than 2 dB) to the Residual Intensity Index.

Background noise Far field


The ambient noise level above which signals must be presented Distribution of acoustic energy at a very much greater distance
or noise sources measured. from a source than the linear dimensions of the source
itself; the region of acoustic radiation used to the source
and in which the sound waves can be considered planar.
Complex intensity
Complex intensity is the combined intensity and imaginary Free field
intensity. An environment in which there are no reflective surfaces
within the frequency region of interest.
Cumulative distribution
A method of representing time-varying noise by indicating Hearing loss
the percentage of time that the noise level is present An increase in the threshold of audibility due to disease,
above (or below) a series of amplitude levels. injury, age or exposure to intense noise.

60 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 61 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Hertz Noy
The unit of frequency measurement, representing cycles A linear unit of noisiness or annoyance.
per second.
Particle velocity
Imaginary intensity The velocity of air molecules about their rest position due
Imaginary intensity is the non-propagating part of the to a sound wave.
sound field (sometimes called the reactive part).
Pascal, Pa
Impedance, specific acoustic A unit of pressure corresponding to a force of 1 newton
The complex ration of dynamic pressure to particle velocity acting uniformly upon an area of 1 square metre. Hence
at a point in an acoustic medium, measured in rayls (1 rayl 1 Pa = 1 N/m².
= 1 N ⋅ s/m³).
Phase mismatch
Infrasound The relative phase mismatch between the two channels in
Sound at frequencies below the audible range, that is, below an Intensity Measuring System.
about 16 Hz.
Phon
Intensity The loudness level of a sound. It is numerically equal to
Intensity is the real part of the complex intensity and is the the sound pressure level of a 1 kHz free progressive wave,
propagating part of the sound field (sometimes called the which is judged by reliable listeners to be as loud as the
active part). unknown sound.

Isolation Pink noise


Resistance to the transmission of sound by materials and Broadband noise whose energy content is inversely propor-
structures. tional to frequency (–3 dB per octave or –10 dB per decade).

Loudness Power spectrum level


Subjective impression of the intensity of a sound. The level of the power is a band one hertz wide referred
to a given reference power.
Masking
The process by which threshold of audibility of one sound Pressure Residual Intensity Index, LK,0
is raised by the presence of another (masking) sound. The pressure residual intensity index for a given measurement
system is defined as the difference between the measured
Near field pressure level and the indicated sound intensity level when
That part of a sound field, usually within about two wave- exactly the same signal is fed into the two channels of an
lengths from a noise source, where there is no simple rela- intensity analysing system.
tionship between sound level and distance.
Random noise
Newton Noise, whose instantaneous amplitude is not specified at
The force required to accelerate a kg mass at 1 m/s². Ap- any instant of time. Instantaneous amplitude can only be
proximately equal to the gravitational force on a 100 g defined statistically by an amplitude distribution function.
mass.
Residual Intensity Index
Noise emission level Residual Intensity Index in a given direction at a point is
The dB(A) level measured at a specified distance and direction defined as the difference between the sound level and the
from a noise source, in an open environment, above a sound pressure level measured in the given direction at
specified type of surface. Generally follows the recommendation that point. In practice LK is normally negative.
of a national or industry standard.
Residual Intensity, LI,R
Noise reduction coefficient, NRC The sound intensity level measured when the same signal
The arithmetic average of the sound absorption coefficients is fed to both channels of a sound intensity measuring system,
of a material at 250, 500, 1000 and 2000 Hz. or it is exposed to a pure reactive field.

www.bksv.com Glossary of Acoustical Terms 61


bf020816.book Page 62 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Reverberation Sound pressure


The persistance of sound in an enclosure after a sound A dynamic variation in atmospheric pressure. The pressure
source has been stopped. Reverberation time is the time, at a point in space minus the static pressure at that point.
in seconds required for sound pressure at a specific frequency
to decay 60 dB after a sound source is stopped.
Sound pressure level
Root mean square (RMS) The fundamental measure of sound pressure. Defined as:
The square root of the arithmetic average of a set of
squared instantaneous values. p
L p = 20 log ------ dB
p0
Sabin
A measure of sound absorption of a surface. One metric Where p is the RMS value (unless otherwise stated) of
sabine is equivalent to 1 square metre of perfectly absorptive sound pressure in pascals, and p0 is 20 μPa for measurements
surface. in air.

Semianechoic field
Sound transmission class, STC
A free field above a reflective plane.
A single-number rating for describing sound transmission
loss of a wall or partition.
Sone
A linear unit of loudness. The ration of loudness of a
sound to that of a 1 kHz tone 40 dB above the threshold of Sound transmission loss
hearing. Ratio of the sound energy emitted by an acoustical meaterial
or structure to the energy incident upon the opposite side.
Sound
Energy that is transmitted by pressure waves in air or other
materials and is the objective cause of the sensation of Standing wave
hearing. Commonly called noise if it is unwanted. A periodic wave having a fixed distribution in space which
is the result of interference of progressive waves of the
Sound intensity same frequency and kind. Characterised by the existence
The rate of sound energy transmission per unit area in a of maxima and minima amplitudes that are fixed in space.
specified direction.

Sound level Ultrasound


The level of sound measured with a sound level meter and Sound at frequencies above the audible range, that is,
one of its weighting networks. When A-weighting is used, above about 20 kHz.
the sound level is given in dB(A).
Wavelength
Sound level meter The distance measured perpendicular to the wavefront in
An electronic instrument for measuring the RMS level of
the direction of propagation between two successive
sound in accordance with an accepted national or international
standard. points in the wave, which are separated by one period.
Equals the ratio of the speed of sound in the medium to
Sound power the fundamental frequency.
The total sound energy radiated by a source per unit time.
Weighting network
Sound power level An electronic filter in a sound level meter which approximates
The fundamental measure of sound power. Defined as:
under defined conditions the frequency response of the
P human ear. The A-weighting network is most commonly used.
L W = 10 log ------ dB
P0
Where P is the RMS value of sound power in watts, and P0 White noise
is 1 pW. Broadband noise having constant energy per unit of frequency.

62 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 63 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SALES AND SERVICE WORLDWIDE


AUSTRALIA FRANCE PORTUGAL
Brüel & Kjaer Australia Brüel & Kjaer France Brüel&Kjær Iberica Sucursal
HEADQUARTERS:
Suite 2, 6–10 Talavera Road
PO Box 349
46, Rue du Champoreux,
B.P. 33, F-91541 Mennecy Cedex
em Portugal
Rua Alto do Montijo,
North Ryde NSW 2113 Tel: +33 1 69 90 71 00 13-2. floor, Esq
Brüel & Kjær Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S
Tel: +61 02 9889 8888 Fax: +33 1 69 90 02 55 Portela de Carnaxide
Fax: +61 02 9889 8866 E-mail: info.fr@bksv.com 2790-177 Carnaxide
DK-2850 Nærum GERMANY
E-mail: bk@spectris.com.au Tel: +351 21 4169 040
Fax: +351 21 4169 049
Denmark
AUSTRIA
Brüel & Kjaer, GmbH
Brüel & Kjaer GmbH
Universitätsallee 11–13
E-mail: vduarte@bksv.com

Telephone: +45 77 41


Zweigniederlassung
Österreich Tel: +4920 00
D-28359 Bremen
421 17 87 0
SINGAPORE
Brüel & Kjaer
Lemböckgasse 49 Fax: +49 421 17 87 100 (South Asia Pacific Pte Ltd)
Fax:
Haus +45
2/Stg. E/6 45 80 14 05
E-mail: infobk.de@bksv.com 460 Alexandra Road
A-1230 Wien # 34-04A PSA Building
Tel: +43 1 865 7400 HUNGARY Singapore 119963
Fax: +43 1 865 7403 Spectris Components Kft. Tel: +65 6 3774512
E-mail: bk.austria@bksv.com Brüel & Kjaer Division Fax: +65 6 3774502
Telepy Utca 2/F E-mail: vanessa.sv@pacific.net.sg
BRAZIL 1096 Budapest
HBM do Brasil Ltda. Tel: +36 1 215 8305 SPAIN
Rua José de Carvalho No. 55 Fax: +36 1 215 8202 Brüel & Kjaer Ibérica S.A
Chácara Santo Antonio E-mail: bruel@t-online.hu C/ Teide, 5
CEP 04714-020 São Paulo-SP 28703 San Sebastian
Go to www.bksv.com
Tel: +55 11 5188 8166
ITALY
Fax: +55 11 5181 8928
to see local representatives and service organisations worldwide
Bruel & Kjaer Italia S.r.l.
de los Reyes, Madrid
Tel: +34 91 659 08 20
E-mail: bksv@bksv.com.br Via Milanofiori Fax: +34 91 659 08 24
Strada 4 Palazzo Q5 E-mail: bruelkjaer@bkes.com
CANADA 20089 Rozzano
Brüel & Kjaer – Pointe-Claire Tel: +39 02 5768061 SWEDEN
6600 Trans-Canada Hwy, Fax: +39 02 57604524 Brüel & Kjaer
Suite 620 E-mail: it.info@bksv.com Sound & Vibration
Pointe Claire Measurement A/S
Quebec H9R 4S2 JAPAN Göteborgsvägen 99, Hus 5
Tel: +1 514 695 8225 Brüel & Kjær Japan S-504 60 Borås
Fax: +1 514 695 4808 6F, Davinchi shinagawa 2, Tel: +46 33 22 56 22
E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com 1-8-11 Kita-Shinagawa Fax: +46 33 12 31 40
Shinagawa-ku E-mail: seinfo@bksv.com
CHINA, P.R. Tokyo 141-0001
Spectris China Limited Tel: +81 3 5715 1612 TAIWAN, ROC
RM.1701Everbright Building Fax: +81 3 5715 1613 Bruel & Kjaer, Taiwan Co., Ltd.
No. 6 Fu Xing Men Wai E-mail: info_jp@bksv.com 10F, No.378,
Street. FuShing North Road,
Beijing 100045 KOREA Taipei
Tel: +86 10 6856 0808 Bruel & Kjaer Korea Ltd. Tel: +886 22 502 7255
Fax: +86 10 6802 9962 18th floor, Kangnam Building, Fax: +886 22 502 8177
E-mail: 1321–1 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu E-mail: yhchen@bksv.com.tw
jennywu@bksv.com.cn Seoul 137-070
Tel: +82 2 3473 0605 UNITED KINGDOM
CZECH REPUBLIC Fax: +82 2 3474 0605 Bruel & Kjaer UK Ltd.
Spectris Praha spol. s.r.o. E-mail: webmaster@bksv.co.kr Bedford House
Pocernieká 96 Rutherford Close, Stevenage
108 00 Praha 10 NETHERLANDS Hertfordshire SG1 2ND
Tel: +420 2 6702 1100 Bruel & Kjaer Nederland B.V. Tel: +44 1438 739 000
Fax: +420 2 6702 1120 Plesmanstraat 62, Postbus 412 Fax: +44 1438 739 099
E-mail: s&v@spectris.cz NL-3900 AK Veenendaal E-mail: ukinfo@bksv.com
Tel: +31 318 559290
DENMARK Fax: +31 318 559299 USA
Brüel & Kjær E-mail: nlinfo@bksv.com Bruel & Kjaer
Sound & Vibration North America Inc.
Measurement A/S POLAND 2815-A Colonnades Court
Skodsborgvej 307 Brüel & Kjaer Polska Sp. z.o.o. Norcross, Georgia
2850 Nærum ul. Goraszewska 12 30071-1588
Tel: +45 4580 0500 PL-02-910 Warszawa Tel: +1 770 209 6907
Fax: +45 4580 1405 Tel: +48 22 8589392 Fax: +1 770 448 3246
E-mail: info@bksv.com 8167556 E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com
Fax: +48 22 8588221
E-mail: spectris@bruel.com.pl

For a full list of worldwide distributors, please visit www.bksv.com

www.bksv.com Sales and Service Worldwide 63


bf020816.book Page 64 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

INDEX
A Dyn-X ......................................................34 M
A2LA ...................................................... 59 Masking .................................................61
Absorption ............................................ 60
Absorption coefficient ......................... 60
E Maximum limits .......................................4
Maximum SPL ..........................................4
Eichamt ..................................................59
Accredited Calibration ......................... 59 Measuring amplifier .............................55
Electroacoustic standards .......................3
Acoustics ................................................ 60 Microphone accessories ........................35
EN/IEC 60942 ..........................................40
Active sound field ................................ 60 Microphone cartridges ...........................4
ENAC ......................................................59
Adaptors ......................................... 34, 35 Microphone holder for tripod .............38
EU-4000 ..................................................35
Adaptors for calibration ...................... 42 Microphone power supply ...................53
Airbag microphone ....................... 11, 16 Microphone preamplifiers .............21, 22
Ambient noise ...................................... 60
Amplitude distribution ........................ 60
F Microphone stand .................................38
Far field ..................................................60 Microphone standards ............................3
Anechoic room ..................................... 60 Free field ................................................60 Microphone verification and calibration 26
ANSI ......................................................... 3 Miscellaneous ........................................43
Free-field microphones ...........................5
Array microphone ......................... 10, 18 Multifunction acoustic calibrator ........40
Audibility threshold ............................. 60
G N
Glossary of acoustical terms .................60
B NATA ......................................................59
Background noise ................................. 60 Near field ...............................................61
Binaural microphone ..................... 13, 16 H Newton ..................................................61
Brüel & Kjær Service .............................. 58 Hearing loss ...........................................60 NEXUS ................ 17, 32, 48, 50, 51, 52
Heavy duty tripod .................................39 Noise emission level ..............................61
Hertz .......................................................61 Noise reduction coefficient ..................61
C High sound pressure microphone ........11 Nose cone ..............................................37
Cable length ......................................... 33 Noy .........................................................61
High-intensity testing ...........................11
Cables .................................................... 29 NRC .........................................................61
Calibrators ...................................... 40, 41 High-static pressure microphone . 11, 16
Charge Injection Calibration ............... 26 Hydrophone calibrator .........................40
Hydrophones ................................. 11, 46
CIC .......................................................... 26
Cables and Connectors ....................46
O
CIC adaptor ........................................... 43 Outdoor microphone kit ......................38
Classical preamplifier ........................... 21 Outdoor microphones ..........................13
COFRAC ................................................. 59
Complex intensity ................................. 60
I Outdoor protection ..............................38
IEC 61043 ...............................................27
Conditioning amplifiers ....................... 48
Corrector ............................................... 38
IEC 61094 .................................................3
IEC 61672 ......................................... 3, 13
P
Cumulative distribution ....................... 60 Pa ............................................................61
IEEE 1451.4 .............................................18 Particle velocity .....................................61
Customised products ............................ 15
Imaginary intensity ...............................61 Pascal ......................................................61
Impedance .............................................61 Phase mismatch .....................................61
D Impedance tube microphone ...............16 Phon .......................................................61
Damping ................................................ 60 Infrasound ..............................................61 Pink noise ..............................................61
DANAK .................................................. 59 Infrasound measurement .....................14 Pistonphone ...........................................40
Danish Primary Laboratory of Acoustics 58 Inherent noise .........................................4 Power spectrum level ...........................61
Decibel scale ......................................... 60 Initial Calibration ..................................59 Preamplifier holders .............................38
Dehumidifier ......................................... 38 Inmetro ..................................................59 Preamplifiers ...................................11, 38
DeltaTron power supply ...................... 57 Intensity .................................................61 Pressure residual intensity index .........61
DeltaTron preamplifier ........................ 21 ISO 17025 ...............................................59 Pressure-field microphones ....................7
Diffraction ............................................. 60 Isolation .................................................61 Primary Calibration ...............................58
Diffuse field .......................................... 60 IVC ..........................................................26 Probe microphone ................................16
Diffuse sound ........................................ 60 PULSE .......................................17, 32, 34
Diffuse-field microphones ..................... 6
Directivity factor ................................... 60 L
DKD ....................................................... 59 Laboratory standard microphones ......14 R
DPLA ...................................................... 58 Lightweight tripod ................................39 Rain cover ..............................................38
Dual microphone supply ...................... 54 Loudness ................................................61 Random incidence corrector ................38
Dynamic capability ............................... 60 Low-frequency microphone .................15 Random incidence microphone .............6
Dynamic range ........................................ 4 Low-noise microphones ..........................9 Random noise ........................................61

64 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 65 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

Raw cables .............................................33


Reference Instruments ..........................58
Sone ....................................................... 62
Sound ..................................................... 62
T
TEDS ....................................................... 17
Regular Calibration ...............................59 Sound calibrator ................................... 40 TEDS microphones ......................... 11, 17
Residual intensity ..................................61 Sound intensity .............................. 27, 62 Traceable Calibration ........................... 59
Residual intensity index .......................61 Sound intensity microphone pairs ...... 28 Transducer Electronic Data Sheet ....... 17
Reverberation ........................................62 Sound intensity probes ........................ 27 Turbulence screen ................................. 38
RMS ........................................................62 Sound level ............................................ 62 UKAS ...................................................... 59
Root mean square ................................62 Sound level meter ......................... 38, 62
Rotating boom ......................................39 Sound power ......................................... 62
RVA ........................................................59
Sound power level ................................ 62
Sound pressure ...................................... 62 U
Ultrasound ............................................. 62
S Sound pressure level ............................ 62
Sabin ......................................................62 Sound transmission class ...................... 62
Secondary Calibration ....................58, 59 Sound transmission loss ....................... 62 W
Semianechoic field ................................62 Special microphones ............................... 7 Wavelength ........................................... 62
Service ....................................................58 Standing wave ...................................... 62 Weighting network .............................. 62
Service Agreement ................................58 STC ......................................................... 62 White noise ........................................... 62
Signal conditioning ...............................48 Surface microphone ....................... 11, 16 Windscreen ............................................ 36

TYPE NUMBER INDEX


2231 ........................................................38 2693-A-0F4 ............................................. 51 4176 .................................................... 2, 5
2236 ........................................................38 2693-A-0I1 ............................................. 51 4178 ....................................................... 28
2237 ........................................................38 2693-A-0I4 ............................................. 51 4179 .................................................... 2, 9
2238 ........................................................38 2693-A-0M4 ........................................... 51 4180 .................................................. 2, 14
2239 ........................................................38 2693-A-0P4 ............................................ 51 4181 ......................................................... 4
2260 .................................................27, 38 2693-A-0S1 ............................................. 51 4182 ......................................... 16, 32, 43
2525 .................................................48, 55 2693-A-0S2 ............................................. 51 4184 ................................................ 13, 36
2619 ........................................................22 2693-A-0S4 ............................................. 51 4187 .................................................. 2, 16
2627 ........................................................22 2694 .........................................17, 48, 56 4188 ............................................. 2, 5, 13
2633 ........................................................22 2695 ................................................ 22, 24 4189 ............................................. 2, 5, 13
2639 ........................................................22 2699 ................................................ 22, 24 4190 ............................................. 2, 5, 13
2645 ........................................................22 2829 ................................................ 48, 53 4191 .................................................... 2, 5
2660 ...................................................9, 25 3451 ....................................................... 41 4192 ............................................... 2, 4, 7
2660-W-001 ................................9, 25, 32 3595 ....................................................... 27 4193 ............................................. 2, 4, 15
2669 .....................................5, 22, 23, 38 3599 ....................................................... 27 4196 ......................................................... 4
2669-001 ................................................23 3923 ....................................................... 39 4197 ........................................... 4, 27, 28
2670 ............................. 5, 11, 15, 22, 23 4101 ....................................................... 16 4198 ......................................... 13, 36, 38
2671 ...................................22, 24, 38, 54 4130 .................................................. 5, 38 4226 ....................................................... 40
2671-W-001 ............................................24 4133 ......................................................... 4 4228 ....................................................... 40
2673 ..........................................22, 24, 38 4134 ......................................................... 4 4229 ....................................................... 40
2683 ........................................................27 4135 ......................................................... 4 4231 ....................................................... 40
2690 ........................................................51 4136 ......................................................... 4 4297 ....................................................... 41
2692-A-0I1 ..............................................52 4137 .................................................... 2, 5 4935 .................................................. 4, 18
2692-A-0I2 ..............................................52 4138 .................................................... 2, 7 4938 .................................2, 4, 7, 11, 16
2692-A-0I4 ..............................................52 4144 .................................................... 2, 7 4938 -WB-1418 ...................................... 11
2692-A-0P1 .............................................52 4145 .................................................... 2, 5 4939 ............................................... 2, 4, 5
2692-A-0S1 .............................................52 4147 ......................................................... 4 4941 .................................................. 2, 11
2692-A-0S2 .............................................52 4155 ......................................................... 4 4942 .................................................... 2, 6
2692-A-0S4 .............................................52 4160 .................................................. 2, 14 4943 ............................................... 2, 4, 6
2692-C ....................................................52 4165 ......................................................... 4 4944 ............................................. 2, 7, 10
2692-D ....................................................52 4166 ......................................................... 4 4947 .................................................... 2, 7

www.bksv.com Type Number Index 65


bf020816.book Page 66 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

4948 .................................................... 2, 8 DB-0375 ..................................................35 UA-0839 .................................................36


4948-B ...................................................... 8 DB-0900 ..................................................42 UA-0871 .................................................36
4949 ......................................................... 2 DB-3611 ..................................................38 UA-0920 .................................................43
4950 .................................................... 2, 5 DP-0774 ..................................................42 UA-0989 .................................................39
4951 ......................................................... 4 DP-0775 ..................................................42 UA-1070 .................................................36
4952 ......................................... 13, 36, 39 DP-0776 ..................................................42 UA-1071 .................................................36
4953 .................................................... 2, 8 DP-0977 ..................................................42 UA-1251 .................................................39
4954 ............................................. 2, 5, 10 DP-0978 ..................................................42 UA-1260 .................................................35
4955 .................................................... 2, 9 DP-0979 ..................................................42 UA-1284 .................................................38
4957 ...................................... 2, 4, 10, 18 DS-0394 ..................................................36 UA-1317 .................................................38
4958 ...................................... 2, 4, 10, 18 DZ-9566 ..................................................38 UA-1404 ...................................13, 36, 38
5935 ................................................ 48, 54 EL-4025 ...................................................32 UA-1405 .................................................43
5935-L ............................................. 32, 54 JP-0101 ...................................................34 UA-1577 .................................................39
5966 ....................................................... 48 RG-223/U ........................................ 31, 33 UA-1588 .................................................38
5998 ....................................................... 14 RG-58/U ..................................................31 UA-1639 .................................................42
8103 ....................................................... 46 RG58/U ...................................................33 UA-1650 .................................................36
8104 ....................................................... 46 UA-0023 .................................................42 UA-1679 ..........................................36, 38
8105 ....................................................... 46 UA-0033 .................................................42 UA-1700 .................................................36
8106 ....................................................... 46 UA-0035 .................................................35 UA-1701 .................................................36
9699 ....................................................... 14 UA-0036 .................................................35 UA-1707 .................................................39
AC-0005 .......................................... 31, 33 UA-0122 .................................................35 UC-0195 ..................................................28
AC-0079 ................................................. 33 UA-0123 .................................................35 UC-0196 ..................................................28
AC-0208 .......................................... 31, 33 UA-0160 ........................................... 7, 35 UC-0211 ..................................................15
AC-0219 .......................................... 29, 33 UA-0196 .................................................35 UC-5265 ..................................................15
AC-0289 ............................ 29, 30, 32, 33 UA-0207 .................................................36 UC-5269 ..................................................28
AO-0027 ................................................ 29 UA-0237 .................................................36 UC-5270 ..................................................28
AO-0028 ................................................ 30 UA-0253 .................................................36 UC-5349 ..................................................28
AO-0087 ................................................ 31 UA-0254 .................................................36 UC-5360 ..................................................38
AO-0414 ................................................ 29 UA-0308 .................................................38 WA-0160 ................................................43
AO-0419 ................................................ 29 UA-0355 .................................................37 WA-0371 ................................................35
AO-0426 ................................................ 31 UA-0385 .................................................37 WB-0850 .................................................43
AO-0428 ................................................ 29 UA-0386 .................................................37 WB-1372 ..........................................48, 57
AO-0463 ................................................ 31 UA-0387 .................................................37 WB-1421 .................................................43
AO-0479 ................................................ 30 UA-0393 .................................................38 WB-1452 .................................................43
AO-0488 ................................................ 30 UA-0436 .................................................37 WL-1260 .................................................32
AO-0531 ................................................ 31 UA-0459 .................................................36 WL-1287 .................................................32
AO-0537 ................................................ 30 UA-0469 .................................................36 WL-1302 .................................................32
AO-0563 ................................................ 31 UA-0587 .................................................39 WQ-1099 ................................................36
AO-0564 ................................................ 31 UA-0588 .................................................38 WQ-1133 ................................................36
AO-0587 ................................................ 31 UA-0782 .................................................36 ZG-0328 ..................................................43
AO-0645 ................................................ 30 UA-0786 .................................................35 ZG-0350 ..................................................43
AO-0687 ................................................ 31 UA-0801 .................................................39 ZH-0632 ..................................................27
AR-0014 ................................................. 32 UA-0803 .................................................39
DB-0264 ................................................. 42 UA-0838 .................................................36

66 Microphones & Conditioning Brüel & Kjær


bf020816.book Page 63 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SALES AND SERVICE WORLDWIDE


AUSTRALIA FRANCE PORTUGAL
Brüel & Kjaer Australia Brüel & Kjaer France Brüel&Kjær Iberica Sucursal
Suite 2, 6–10 Talavera Road 46, Rue du Champoreux, em Portugal
PO Box 349 B.P. 33, F-91541 Mennecy Cedex Rua Alto do Montijo,
North Ryde NSW 2113 Tel: +33 1 69 90 71 00 13-2. floor, Esq
Tel: +61 02 9889 8888 Fax: +33 1 69 90 02 55 Portela de Carnaxide
Fax: +61 02 9889 8866 E-mail: info.fr@bksv.com 2790-177 Carnaxide
E-mail: bk@spectris.com.au Tel: +351 21 4169 040
GERMANY Fax: +351 21 4169 049
AUSTRIA Brüel & Kjaer GmbH E-mail: vduarte@bksv.com
Brüel & Kjaer, GmbH Universitätsallee 11–13
Zweigniederlassung D-28359 Bremen SINGAPORE
Österreich Tel: +49 421 17 87 0 Brüel & Kjaer
Lemböckgasse 49 Fax: +49 421 17 87 100 (South Asia Pacific Pte Ltd)
Haus 2/Stg. E/6 E-mail: infobk.de@bksv.com 460 Alexandra Road
A-1230 Wien # 34-04A PSA Building
Tel: +43 1 865 7400 HUNGARY Singapore 119963
Fax: +43 1 865 7403 Spectris Components Kft. Tel: +65 6 3774512
E-mail: bk.austria@bksv.com Brüel & Kjaer Division Fax: +65 6 3774502
Telepy Utca 2/F E-mail: vanessa.sv@pacific.net.sg
BRAZIL 1096 Budapest
HBM do Brasil Ltda. Tel: +36 1 215 8305 SPAIN
Rua José de Carvalho No. 55 Fax: +36 1 215 8202 Brüel & Kjaer Ibérica S.A
Chácara Santo Antonio E-mail: bruel@t-online.hu C/ Teide, 5
CEP 04714-020 São Paulo-SP 28703 San Sebastian
Tel: +55 11 5188 8166 ITALY de los Reyes, Madrid
Fax: +55 11 5181 8928 Bruel & Kjaer Italia S.r.l. Tel: +34 91 659 08 20
E-mail: bksv@bksv.com.br Via Milanofiori Fax: +34 91 659 08 24
Strada 4 Palazzo Q5 E-mail: bruelkjaer@bkes.com
CANADA 20089 Rozzano
Brüel & Kjaer – Pointe-Claire Tel: +39 02 5768061 SWEDEN
6600 Trans-Canada Hwy, Fax: +39 02 57604524 Brüel & Kjaer
Suite 620 E-mail: it.info@bksv.com Sound & Vibration
Pointe Claire Measurement A/S
Quebec H9R 4S2 JAPAN Göteborgsvägen 99, Hus 5
Tel: +1 514 695 8225 Brüel & Kjær Japan S-504 60 Borås
Fax: +1 514 695 4808 6F, Davinchi shinagawa 2, Tel: +46 33 22 56 22
E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com 1-8-11 Kita-Shinagawa Fax: +46 33 12 31 40
Shinagawa-ku E-mail: seinfo@bksv.com
CHINA, P.R. Tokyo 141-0001
Spectris China Limited Tel: +81 3 5715 1612 TAIWAN, ROC
RM.1701Everbright Building Fax: +81 3 5715 1613 Bruel & Kjaer, Taiwan Co., Ltd.
No. 6 Fu Xing Men Wai E-mail: info_jp@bksv.com 10F, No.378,
Street. FuShing North Road,
Beijing 100045 KOREA Taipei
Tel: +86 10 6856 0808 Bruel & Kjaer Korea Ltd. Tel: +886 22 502 7255
Fax: +86 10 6802 9962 18th floor, Kangnam Building, Fax: +886 22 502 8177
E-mail: 1321–1 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu E-mail: yhchen@bksv.com.tw
jennywu@bksv.com.cn Seoul 137-070
Tel: +82 2 3473 0605 UNITED KINGDOM
CZECH REPUBLIC Fax: +82 2 3474 0605 Bruel & Kjaer UK Ltd.
Spectris Praha spol. s.r.o. E-mail: webmaster@bksv.co.kr Bedford House
Pocernieká 96 Rutherford Close, Stevenage
108 00 Praha 10 NETHERLANDS Hertfordshire SG1 2ND
Tel: +420 2 6702 1100 Bruel & Kjaer Nederland B.V. Tel: +44 1438 739 000
Fax: +420 2 6702 1120 Plesmanstraat 62, Postbus 412 Fax: +44 1438 739 099
E-mail: s&v@spectris.cz NL-3900 AK Veenendaal E-mail: ukinfo@bksv.com
Tel: +31 318 559290
DENMARK Fax: +31 318 559299 USA
Brüel & Kjær E-mail: nlinfo@bksv.com Bruel & Kjaer
Sound & Vibration North America Inc.
Measurement A/S POLAND 2815-A Colonnades Court
Skodsborgvej 307 Brüel & Kjaer Polska Sp. z.o.o. Norcross, Georgia
2850 Nærum ul. Goraszewska 12 30071-1588
Tel: +45 4580 0500 PL-02-910 Warszawa Tel: +1 770 209 6907
Fax: +45 4580 1405 Tel: +48 22 8589392 Fax: +1 770 448 3246
E-mail: info@bksv.com 8167556 E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com
Fax: +48 22 8588221
E-mail: spectris@bruel.com.pl

For a full list of worldwide distributors, please visit www.bksv.com

www.bksv.com Sales and Service Worldwide 63


bf020816.book Page 63 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SALES AND SERVICE WORLDWIDE


AUSTRALIA FRANCE PORTUGAL
Brüel & Kjaer Australia Brüel & Kjaer France Brüel&Kjær Iberica Sucursal
Suite 2, 6–10 Talavera Road 46, Rue du Champoreux, em Portugal
PO Box 349 B.P. 33, F-91541 Mennecy Cedex Rua Alto do Montijo,
North Ryde NSW 2113 Tel: +33 1 69 90 71 00 13-2. floor, Esq
Tel: +61 02 9889 8888 Fax: +33 1 69 90 02 55 Portela de Carnaxide
Fax: +61 02 9889 8866 E-mail: info.fr@bksv.com 2790-177 Carnaxide
E-mail: bk@spectris.com.au Tel: +351 21 4169 040
GERMANY Fax: +351 21 4169 049
AUSTRIA Brüel & Kjaer GmbH E-mail: vduarte@bksv.com
Brüel & Kjaer, GmbH Universitätsallee 11–13
Zweigniederlassung D-28359 Bremen SINGAPORE
Österreich Tel: +49 421 17 87 0 Brüel & Kjaer
Lemböckgasse 49 Fax: +49 421 17 87 100 (South Asia Pacific Pte Ltd)
Haus 2/Stg. E/6 E-mail: infobk.de@bksv.com 460 Alexandra Road
A-1230 Wien # 34-04A PSA Building
Tel: +43 1 865 7400 HUNGARY Singapore 119963
Fax: +43 1 865 7403 Spectris Components Kft. Tel: +65 6 3774512
E-mail: bk.austria@bksv.com Brüel & Kjaer Division Fax: +65 6 3774502
Telepy Utca 2/F E-mail: vanessa.sv@pacific.net.sg
BRAZIL 1096 Budapest
HBM do Brasil Ltda. Tel: +36 1 215 8305 SPAIN
Rua José de Carvalho No. 55 Fax: +36 1 215 8202 Brüel & Kjaer Ibérica S.A
Chácara Santo Antonio E-mail: bruel@t-online.hu C/ Teide, 5
CEP 04714-020 São Paulo-SP 28703 San Sebastian
Tel: +55 11 5188 8166 ITALY de los Reyes, Madrid
Fax: +55 11 5181 8928 Bruel & Kjaer Italia S.r.l. Tel: +34 91 659 08 20
E-mail: bksv@bksv.com.br Via Milanofiori Fax: +34 91 659 08 24
Strada 4 Palazzo Q5 E-mail: bruelkjaer@bkes.com
CANADA 20089 Rozzano
Brüel & Kjaer – Pointe-Claire Tel: +39 02 5768061 SWEDEN
6600 Trans-Canada Hwy, Fax: +39 02 57604524 Brüel & Kjaer
Suite 620 E-mail: it.info@bksv.com Sound & Vibration
Pointe Claire Measurement A/S
Quebec H9R 4S2 JAPAN Göteborgsvägen 99, Hus 5
Tel: +1 514 695 8225 Brüel & Kjær Japan S-504 60 Borås
Fax: +1 514 695 4808 6F, Davinchi shinagawa 2, Tel: +46 33 22 56 22
E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com 1-8-11 Kita-Shinagawa Fax: +46 33 12 31 40
Shinagawa-ku E-mail: seinfo@bksv.com
CHINA, P.R. Tokyo 141-0001
Spectris China Limited Tel: +81 3 5715 1612 TAIWAN, ROC
RM.1701Everbright Building Fax: +81 3 5715 1613 Bruel & Kjaer, Taiwan Co., Ltd.
No. 6 Fu Xing Men Wai E-mail: info_jp@bksv.com 10F, No.378,
Street. FuShing North Road,
Beijing 100045 KOREA Taipei
Tel: +86 10 6856 0808 Bruel & Kjaer Korea Ltd. Tel: +886 22 502 7255
Fax: +86 10 6802 9962 18th floor, Kangnam Building, Fax: +886 22 502 8177
E-mail: 1321–1 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu E-mail: yhchen@bksv.com.tw
jennywu@bksv.com.cn Seoul 137-070
Tel: +82 2 3473 0605 UNITED KINGDOM
CZECH REPUBLIC Fax: +82 2 3474 0605 Bruel & Kjaer UK Ltd.
Spectris Praha spol. s.r.o. E-mail: webmaster@bksv.co.kr Bedford House
Pocernieká 96 Rutherford Close, Stevenage
108 00 Praha 10 NETHERLANDS Hertfordshire SG1 2ND
Tel: +420 2 6702 1100 Bruel & Kjaer Nederland B.V. Tel: +44 1438 739 000
Fax: +420 2 6702 1120 Plesmanstraat 62, Postbus 412 Fax: +44 1438 739 099
E-mail: s&v@spectris.cz NL-3900 AK Veenendaal E-mail: ukinfo@bksv.com
Tel: +31 318 559290
DENMARK Fax: +31 318 559299 USA
Brüel & Kjær E-mail: nlinfo@bksv.com Bruel & Kjaer
Sound & Vibration North America Inc.
Measurement A/S POLAND 2815-A Colonnades Court
Skodsborgvej 307 Brüel & Kjaer Polska Sp. z.o.o. Norcross, Georgia
2850 Nærum ul. Goraszewska 12 30071-1588
Tel: +45 4580 0500 PL-02-910 Warszawa Tel: +1 770 209 6907
Fax: +45 4580 1405 Tel: +48 22 8589392 Fax: +1 770 448 3246
E-mail: info@bksv.com 8167556 E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com
Fax: +48 22 8588221
E-mail: spectris@bruel.com.pl

For a full list of worldwide distributors, please visit www.bksv.com

www.bksv.com Sales and Service Worldwide 63


bf020816.book Page 63 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SALES AND SERVICE WORLDWIDE


AUSTRALIA FRANCE PORTUGAL
Brüel & Kjaer Australia Brüel & Kjaer France Brüel&Kjær Iberica Sucursal
Suite 2, 6–10 Talavera Road 46, Rue du Champoreux, em Portugal
PO Box 349 B.P. 33, F-91541 Mennecy Cedex Rua Alto do Montijo,
North Ryde NSW 2113 Tel: +33 1 69 90 71 00 13-2. floor, Esq
Tel: +61 02 9889 8888 Fax: +33 1 69 90 02 55 Portela de Carnaxide
Fax: +61 02 9889 8866 E-mail: info.fr@bksv.com 2790-177 Carnaxide
E-mail: bk@spectris.com.au Tel: +351 21 4169 040
GERMANY Fax: +351 21 4169 049
AUSTRIA Brüel & Kjaer GmbH E-mail: vduarte@bksv.com
Brüel & Kjaer, GmbH Universitätsallee 11–13
Zweigniederlassung D-28359 Bremen SINGAPORE
Österreich Tel: +49 421 17 87 0 Brüel & Kjaer
Lemböckgasse 49 Fax: +49 421 17 87 100 (South Asia Pacific Pte Ltd)
Haus 2/Stg. E/6 E-mail: infobk.de@bksv.com 460 Alexandra Road
A-1230 Wien # 34-04A PSA Building
Tel: +43 1 865 7400 HUNGARY Singapore 119963
Fax: +43 1 865 7403 Spectris Components Kft. Tel: +65 6 3774512
E-mail: bk.austria@bksv.com Brüel & Kjaer Division Fax: +65 6 3774502
Telepy Utca 2/F E-mail: vanessa.sv@pacific.net.sg
BRAZIL 1096 Budapest
HBM do Brasil Ltda. Tel: +36 1 215 8305 SPAIN
Rua José de Carvalho No. 55 Fax: +36 1 215 8202 Brüel & Kjaer Ibérica S.A
Chácara Santo Antonio E-mail: bruel@t-online.hu C/ Teide, 5
CEP 04714-020 São Paulo-SP 28703 San Sebastian
Tel: +55 11 5188 8166 ITALY de los Reyes, Madrid
Fax: +55 11 5181 8928 Bruel & Kjaer Italia S.r.l. Tel: +34 91 659 08 20
E-mail: bksv@bksv.com.br Via Milanofiori Fax: +34 91 659 08 24
Strada 4 Palazzo Q5 E-mail: bruelkjaer@bkes.com
CANADA 20089 Rozzano
Brüel & Kjaer – Pointe-Claire Tel: +39 02 5768061 SWEDEN
6600 Trans-Canada Hwy, Fax: +39 02 57604524 Brüel & Kjaer
Suite 620 E-mail: it.info@bksv.com Sound & Vibration
Pointe Claire Measurement A/S
Quebec H9R 4S2 JAPAN Göteborgsvägen 99, Hus 5
Tel: +1 514 695 8225 Brüel & Kjær Japan S-504 60 Borås
Fax: +1 514 695 4808 6F, Davinchi shinagawa 2, Tel: +46 33 22 56 22
E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com 1-8-11 Kita-Shinagawa Fax: +46 33 12 31 40
Shinagawa-ku E-mail: seinfo@bksv.com
CHINA, P.R. Tokyo 141-0001
Spectris China Limited Tel: +81 3 5715 1612 TAIWAN, ROC
RM.1701Everbright Building Fax: +81 3 5715 1613 Bruel & Kjaer, Taiwan Co., Ltd.
No. 6 Fu Xing Men Wai E-mail: info_jp@bksv.com 10F, No.378,
Street. FuShing North Road,
Beijing 100045 KOREA Taipei
Tel: +86 10 6856 0808 Bruel & Kjaer Korea Ltd. Tel: +886 22 502 7255
Fax: +86 10 6802 9962 18th floor, Kangnam Building, Fax: +886 22 502 8177
E-mail: 1321–1 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu E-mail: yhchen@bksv.com.tw
jennywu@bksv.com.cn Seoul 137-070
Tel: +82 2 3473 0605 UNITED KINGDOM
CZECH REPUBLIC Fax: +82 2 3474 0605 Bruel & Kjaer UK Ltd.
Spectris Praha spol. s.r.o. E-mail: webmaster@bksv.co.kr Bedford House
Pocernieká 96 Rutherford Close, Stevenage
108 00 Praha 10 NETHERLANDS Hertfordshire SG1 2ND
Tel: +420 2 6702 1100 Bruel & Kjaer Nederland B.V. Tel: +44 1438 739 000
Fax: +420 2 6702 1120 Plesmanstraat 62, Postbus 412 Fax: +44 1438 739 099
E-mail: s&v@spectris.cz NL-3900 AK Veenendaal E-mail: ukinfo@bksv.com
Tel: +31 318 559290
DENMARK Fax: +31 318 559299 USA
Brüel & Kjær E-mail: nlinfo@bksv.com Bruel & Kjaer
Sound & Vibration North America Inc.
Measurement A/S POLAND 2815-A Colonnades Court
Skodsborgvej 307 Brüel & Kjaer Polska Sp. z.o.o. Norcross, Georgia
2850 Nærum ul. Goraszewska 12 30071-1588
Tel: +45 4580 0500 PL-02-910 Warszawa Tel: +1 770 209 6907
Fax: +45 4580 1405 Tel: +48 22 8589392 Fax: +1 770 448 3246
E-mail: info@bksv.com 8167556 E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com
Fax: +48 22 8588221
E-mail: spectris@bruel.com.pl

For a full list of worldwide distributors, please visit www.bksv.com

www.bksv.com Sales and Service Worldwide 63


bf020816.book Page 63 Wednesday, December 17, 2008 10:57 AM

SALES AND SERVICE WORLDWIDE


AUSTRALIA FRANCE PORTUGAL
Brüel & Kjaer Australia Brüel & Kjaer France Brüel&Kjær Iberica Sucursal
Suite 2, 6–10 Talavera Road 46, Rue du Champoreux, em Portugal
PO Box 349 B.P. 33, F-91541 Mennecy Cedex Rua Alto do Montijo,
North Ryde NSW 2113 Tel: +33 1 69 90 71 00 13-2. floor, Esq
Tel: +61 02 9889 8888 Fax: +33 1 69 90 02 55 Portela de Carnaxide
Fax: +61 02 9889 8866 E-mail: info.fr@bksv.com 2790-177 Carnaxide
E-mail: bk@spectris.com.au Tel: +351 21 4169 040
GERMANY Fax: +351 21 4169 049
AUSTRIA Brüel & Kjaer GmbH E-mail: vduarte@bksv.com
Brüel & Kjaer, GmbH Universitätsallee 11–13
Zweigniederlassung D-28359 Bremen SINGAPORE
Österreich Tel: +49 421 17 87 0 Brüel & Kjaer
Lemböckgasse 49 Fax: +49 421 17 87 100 (South Asia Pacific Pte Ltd)
Haus 2/Stg. E/6 E-mail: infobk.de@bksv.com 460 Alexandra Road
A-1230 Wien # 34-04A PSA Building
Tel: +43 1 865 7400 HUNGARY Singapore 119963
Fax: +43 1 865 7403 Spectris Components Kft. Tel: +65 6 3774512
E-mail: bk.austria@bksv.com Brüel & Kjaer Division Fax: +65 6 3774502
Telepy Utca 2/F E-mail: vanessa.sv@pacific.net.sg
BRAZIL 1096 Budapest
HBM do Brasil Ltda. Tel: +36 1 215 8305 SPAIN
Rua José de Carvalho No. 55 Fax: +36 1 215 8202 Brüel & Kjaer Ibérica S.A
Chácara Santo Antonio E-mail: bruel@t-online.hu C/ Teide, 5
CEP 04714-020 São Paulo-SP 28703 San Sebastian
Tel: +55 11 5188 8166 ITALY de los Reyes, Madrid
Fax: +55 11 5181 8928 Bruel & Kjaer Italia S.r.l. Tel: +34 91 659 08 20
E-mail: bksv@bksv.com.br Via Milanofiori Fax: +34 91 659 08 24
Strada 4 Palazzo Q5 E-mail: bruelkjaer@bkes.com
CANADA 20089 Rozzano
Brüel & Kjaer – Pointe-Claire Tel: +39 02 5768061 SWEDEN
6600 Trans-Canada Hwy, Fax: +39 02 57604524 Brüel & Kjaer
Suite 620 E-mail: it.info@bksv.com Sound & Vibration
Pointe Claire Measurement A/S
Quebec H9R 4S2 JAPAN Göteborgsvägen 99, Hus 5
Tel: +1 514 695 8225 Brüel & Kjær Japan S-504 60 Borås
Fax: +1 514 695 4808 6F, Davinchi shinagawa 2, Tel: +46 33 22 56 22
E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com 1-8-11 Kita-Shinagawa Fax: +46 33 12 31 40
Shinagawa-ku E-mail: seinfo@bksv.com
CHINA, P.R. Tokyo 141-0001
Spectris China Limited Tel: +81 3 5715 1612 TAIWAN, ROC
RM.1701Everbright Building Fax: +81 3 5715 1613 Bruel & Kjaer, Taiwan Co., Ltd.
No. 6 Fu Xing Men Wai E-mail: info_jp@bksv.com 10F, No.378,
Street. FuShing North Road,
Beijing 100045 KOREA Taipei
Tel: +86 10 6856 0808 Bruel & Kjaer Korea Ltd. Tel: +886 22 502 7255
Fax: +86 10 6802 9962 18th floor, Kangnam Building, Fax: +886 22 502 8177
E-mail: 1321–1 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu E-mail: yhchen@bksv.com.tw
jennywu@bksv.com.cn Seoul 137-070
Tel: +82 2 3473 0605 UNITED KINGDOM
CZECH REPUBLIC Fax: +82 2 3474 0605 Bruel & Kjaer UK Ltd.
Spectris Praha spol. s.r.o. E-mail: webmaster@bksv.co.kr Bedford House
Pocernieká 96 Rutherford Close, Stevenage
108 00 Praha 10 NETHERLANDS Hertfordshire SG1 2ND
Tel: +420 2 6702 1100 Bruel & Kjaer Nederland B.V. Tel: +44 1438 739 000
Fax: +420 2 6702 1120 Plesmanstraat 62, Postbus 412 Fax: +44 1438 739 099
E-mail: s&v@spectris.cz NL-3900 AK Veenendaal E-mail: ukinfo@bksv.com
Tel: +31 318 559290
DENMARK Fax: +31 318 559299 USA
Brüel & Kjær E-mail: nlinfo@bksv.com Bruel & Kjaer
Sound & Vibration North America Inc.
Measurement A/S POLAND 2815-A Colonnades Court
Skodsborgvej 307 Brüel & Kjaer Polska Sp. z.o.o. Norcross, Georgia
2850 Nærum ul. Goraszewska 12 30071-1588
Tel: +45 4580 0500 PL-02-910 Warszawa Tel: +1 770 209 6907
Fax: +45 4580 1405 Tel: +48 22 8589392 Fax: +1 770 448 3246
E-mail: info@bksv.com 8167556 E-mail: bkinfo@bksv.com
Fax: +48 22 8588221
E-mail: spectris@bruel.com.pl

For a full list of worldwide distributors, please visit www.bksv.com

www.bksv.com Sales and Service Worldwide 63