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UE A NODE-B

First Step: RRC: CONNECTION ESTABLISHEMENT

RRC System Information BCCH

RRC: RACH/CCCH
RRC: Connection Request

RR connection establishment is triggered by sending the RRC CHANNEL REQUEST messag


RRC Connection setup. The mobile now waits for an Assignment on Access Grant Channel
CHANNEL REQUEST is sent on RACH and slotted aloha channel that can be used at rand
transmit on this channel whenever it wishes. If two mobiles transmit on the channel at the sa
the collision via a timeout and retransmit the me

Channel Required

NBAP: Radio Link Set Up Request


FDD/Downlink DCH/DPCH
SC Length/CC Length/UL-DPCH

NBAP : Radio Link Set Up Response


DCH/HS-DSCH

RRC Connection Set Up


FACH / CCCH
NBAP:Radio Link Restore Indication

RRC Connection Set Up Complete


UL- DCCH / Multi RAT Supported List

RRC : UE - Radio Acccess Capability Information

RRC Measurement Control


DL - DCCH / UE - Required TX Power

RRC Initial Direct Transfer

NAS Signaling
Non Access Stratum Connnecton Manage
Cipehring Sequence Nu

NAS Signaling
Non Access Stratum Authentic
RRC : DL Direct Transfer
Authentication and Cipehring Request

RRC : DL Direct Transfer


Authentication and Cipehring Response through DCCH / DCH

NAS Signaling
Non Access Stratum Authentica

RRC : Securty Mode Complete


DCCH / DCH

RRC : Downlink Direct Transfer


Message Authentication Code(Downlink/DCCH)

RRC: Uplink DirectTransfer


Message Authentication Code(Downlink/DCCH)

NAS Set up
Called Party Number/Type o

NAS Identity Response


Mobile Identity, IMEI

NAS : Call Proceeding


RRC: Radio Bearer Setup
DCCH

RRC: Radio Bearer Complete


Alerting

End Button

CC Release
RR Channel Release

RR Channel Release
RNC-1 MGW-1 MSC/VLR1

mation BCCH

C CHANNEL REQUEST message. This message requests RNC for allocation for radio resources for the
nment on Access Grant Channel (AICH). At this point the mobile is listening to AICH for a reply. RRC:
a channel that can be used at random without any co ordination between the mobiles, any mobile can
transmit on the channel at the same time, thier messages will be lost ina collision. The mobile will detect
a timeout and retransmit the messa after a random back off

Required

Set Up Request
nk DCH/DPCH
Length/UL-DPCH

Set Up Response
HS-DSCH
k Restore Indication

ation

RANAP : Initial UE Message


PLMN / LAI / SAC / Cipehring Sequence Number / Plus Mark

ignaling
ess Stratum Connnecton Management Service Reuest
Cipehring Sequence Number / Plus Mark

RANAP : Direct Transfer


Security Mode Command

ignaling
n Access Stratum Authentication Request
CCH / DCH

RANAP : Direct Transfer


Send Response

ignaling
n Access Stratum Authentication Response

RANAP : Security Mode Command


UMTS Integrity Algorithm

RANAP : Security Mode Complete

NAS Identity Request


IMEI-SV

CCH)

CCH)

RANAP: Direct Transfer


Called Party Number/Type of Number/Numbering Plan

NAS Set up
Called Party Number/Type of Number/Numbering Plan

ity Response
dentity, IMEI

RANAP : Direct Transfer

MSC1 Checks the class of s


database and if UE A is eligibl
making O/G call announce
message from VLR1. MSC1 a
GCP : Add Termination T2

GCP : Accept T2

ADD Req (BIWF / Termination ID) T3

ADD Response (BIWF / Termination ID) T3

RANAP : RAB Assignment Request

AAL- CAP establishment request (AAL2)

AAL- CAP establishment accepted (AAL2)

earer Complete

RANAP : RAB Assignment Response


Connect

Connect Ack

CC Disconnect

Clear RAB
nel Release
MSC/VLR1 GMSC HLR 1
MAP : Send Authenticaiton Information

MAP : Send Authenticaiton Ack


MSC1 Checks the class of service from VLR1 database. MSC1 sends VLR1 the message "Send Info O/G Call". VLR1 verifi
database and if UE A is eligible for making O/G call, VLR1 reples MSC1 with the message "Complete Call". If UE A is not el
making O/G call announcement will be fed to UE A. It will be transmitted to UE A by FCCH. If MSC1 receives "Complete
message from VLR1. MSC1 analyzes the dialled digits using GT analysis defined in GT analyses with NP=1 and routes it to

SRI (MSISDN-B)
ISUP

Since MSISDN-B is a mobile subscriber, MSC/VLR1 has to go for HLR Enquire for subscriber B. There
is no direct connection between MSC1 and HLR. MSC/VLR1 will send Send Routing Information to
GMSC. It refers to GT analysis with NP=1

TC-INV[Send_Routing_Info (MSISDN-B)]
MAP/C
TC-BEGIN
SCCP
The GMSC refers to GT analysis for NP=1, TON = NAT or INT, depends
in GMSC refers to HLR2. GMSC requests routing informatio

TC-RES [Send_Routing_Info_Ack(MSRN)] TC-END


SCCP[MAP/C]
HLR 2 Passes MSRN to GMSC

SRI_ACK
TCAP/SCCP

IAM (MSRN)

Send Info I/C call [IAM(MSRN)]


ISUP

SAM (more digits if any will be sent)


GMSC uses MSRN and refers to digit analysis and finds out the route
messae IAM to MSC/VLR2. MSC/VLR2 receiv
ISUP APM

ISUP APM

ERQ Add Request

ECF Add Response

ination ID) T3
BICC
Continuity

Iu / Nb Up Init

Iu / Nb Up Init - Response
ISUP ACM

ISUP ACM

ISUP ANM

ISUP ANM

Charging Start

ISUP Release

ISUP Release
HLR 2 MSC/VLR2
Send Info O/G Call". VLR1 verifies its
Complete Call". If UE A is not eligible for
CCH. If MSC1 receives "Complete Call"
alyses with NP=1 and routes it to GMSC

r subscriber B. There
uting Information to

)]
=1, TON = NAT or INT, depends on MSISDN format received by GMSC. GT analsis
MSC requests routing information for the GSM subscriber from HLR2.

TC-INV[Provide Routing Number


(MSRN) {PRN(IMSI)}]
MAP/D

TC-BEGIN
SCCP

HLR2 uses MSISDN-B and finds out IMSI and the SS7 address of MSC/VLR whic
address of the serving MSC/VLR was obtained by HLR during LU of MS-B. In th
area. HLR 2 sends Provide Routing Number message (PRN) to MSC/VLR2. HLR 2
data

TC-RES [Provide_MSRN_Ack] TC-END


SCCP[MAP/D]

MSC/VLR2 allocates a temporary roaming number (MSRN). The MSRN is then p

o_Ack(MSRN)] TC-END
MSRN)]

if any will be sent)


analysis and finds out the route to MSC/VLR 2. GMSC 2 GMSC 2 sends MSRN as the reference number for the call to establish
MSC/VLR2. MSC/VLR2 receives the call. At this point, the MSRN is marked free and may be reassigned for other calls.

RANAP Paging Request


RANAP Initial UE Message
Chiphering Key Sequence Num

NAS Paging Response


Chipher Key Sequence Num / MS ClassM

SCCP Connection Request

SCCP Connection Confirm

MAP : Send Authentication Info

MAP : Send Authentication Ack

RANAP : Direct Transfer


Scurity Mode Cmd
RANAP Direct Transfer
Send Response

RANAP Security Mode Command

RANAP Security Mode Complete

RANAP Common ID (IMSI)

RANAP Setup

RANAP Call Confirmed


GCP Add Terminator T1, AMR

GCP Accept T1
Notify Req

Notify Response

RANAP : RAB Assignment Request

RANAP RAB Assignment Resp

CC Setup

Call Confirmed
CC Alerting

Modify Req

Modify Res

Charging Start

ISUP Release
MGW-2 RNC-2
e SS7 address of MSC/VLR which is serving UE-B at that moment. SS7
by HLR during LU of MS-B. In this case, MS-B is present in MSC/VLR2
age (PRN) to MSC/VLR2. HLR 2 sends IMSI number of UE-B to VLR2 as
data

ber (MSRN). The MSRN is then passed to the HLR


ce number for the call to establish and sends ISUP
e reassigned for other calls.

Paging Request

RRC Sys Info Type 7

NBAP System Info Update Req

NBAP Sys Info Update Response

RRC: PCH/PCCH Paging Type 3 (TMSI)

RRC: RRC connection request


CCCH TMSI / LAI / PLMS Identity

NBAP: Radio Link Setup Req


DCH /DPCCH / DPCH DL-Chnnelziation Code, D

NBAP Radio Link Setup Response


hsScch Specific Info Response FDD

RRC Connection Setup

RRC Connection Setup Complete

RRC DT (Paging Res)

RRC : UE - Radio Acccess Capabilit

RRC Measurement Control


DL - DCCH / UE - Required TX Power

RRC Initial Direct Transfer

RANAP Initial UE Message


Chiphering Key Sequence Num

NAS Paging Response


Key Sequence Num / MS ClassMark / TMSI

SCCP Connection Request

SCCP Connection Confirm

: Direct Transfer
NAS Authentication Request

RRC DL Direct Transfer


Authentication & Chephering Req

RRC UL Direct Transfer


Authentication & Chiphering Through DCCH / DC

RANAP Direct Transfer


Send Response

NAS Authentication Complete

Security Mode Command

RC Security Mode Cmd

RC Security Mode Complete

Security Mode Complete

RANAP Common ID (IMSI)

RANAP Setup

RRC DCCH Setup

RRC DCCH Call Confirmed

RANAP Call Confirmed


d Terminator T1, AMR
: RAB Assignment Request

AL CAP: Establishment Request (AAL2)


ERQ

AL CAP: Establishment Request (AAL2)


ECF Response

Iu /Nb Up Init Req

Iu /Nb Up Init Response


RRC : DCCH Radio Bearer Setup

RRC DCCH Radio Bearer Complete

RANAP RAB Assignment Response

Call Confirmed
CC Alerting

CC Connect

CC Release
NODE-B 2 UE B
Update Req

date Response

Paging Type 3 (TMSI)

/ PLMS Identity

PCH DL-Chnnelziation Code, DL-SC

Setup Response
Response FDD

etup Complete

C : UE - Radio Acccess Capability Information

ement Control
Required TX Power

Direct Transfer
hephering Req

hiphering Through DCCH / DCH

CH Call Confirmed
CCH Radio Bearer Setup

CH Radio Bearer Complete