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Manage Network Synchronization

User Guide

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Copyright

© Ericsson AB 2016, 2017. All rights reserved. No part of this document may
be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the copyright
owner.

Disclaimer

The contents of this document are subject to revision without notice due to
continued progress in methodology, design and manufacturing. Ericsson shall
have no liability for any error or damage of any kind resulting from the use of
this document.

Trademark List

All trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.
These are shown in the document Trademark Information.

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Contents

Contents

1 Description 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Product View 1
1.3 Network Views 2
1.4 Packet Networks 10
1.5 Functional View 15

2 Procedures 23
2.1 Configure a Basic Network Synchronization 23
2.2 Configure the Presentation in MOM of GNSS Receiver
Status and Satellite Data 24
2.3 Configure a GNSS Time Synchronization Reference 25
2.4 Configure a 1PPS Frequency Synchronization Reference 26
2.5 Configure Synchronous Ethernet 27
2.6 Configure NTP 28
2.7 Configure a PTP Frequency Synchronization Reference 30
2.8 Configure a PTP Time Synchronization Reference 32
2.9 Configure Assisted Time Holdover 34
2.10 Configure a PTP Grandmaster 35
2.11 Configure a PTP Boundary Clock 36
2.12 Manage Quality Level 38
2.13 Configure Test Signals for Sync Test Interface 38

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Description

1 Description

This document describes the network synchronization and its management.

Some synchronization functions use the transport network. For more


information on the transport network, see Manage Transport Network.

Quality of Service (QoS) can affect IP traffic containing synchronization


messages. QoS is described in Manage Quality of Service.

1.1 Introduction
The purpose of network synchronization in the RAN is to synchronize the air
interface of the RBS according to 3GPP specifications.

Network synchronization requires the same type of planning involved in the


design of the architecture of an IP network. For network synchronization, this
planning must be documented in a Network Synchronization Plan (NSP).
Ericsson offers a service for the preparation of such a plan.

This document describes the basic concepts of network synchronization and


the specific functions supported by the Baseband Radio Node, the Baseband
C Node and the Baseband T Node. Synchronization of the Baseband C Node
and Baseband T Node are optional. It is mandatory for the Baseband Radio
Node.

1.2 Product View


The network synchronization functionality of the Baseband Radio Node and
the Baseband T Node is the same. The difference is that the Baseband Radio
Node synchronizes its radio interface and its transmission outputs, while the
Baseband T Node only supports the latter.

The functions supported are:

• Time synchronization to GNSS.

• Frequency synchronization using NTP.

• Frequency synchronization using PTP.

• Time synchronization using PTP.

• PTP Grandmaster.

• Frequency synchronization to 1PPS.

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• Synchronous Ethernet.

• Quality level management.

For more information on GNSS, see the following documents:

• For Baseband T Node and GSM Radio Node, see GNSS as RAN
Synchronization Reference.

• For WCDMA Radio Node, see System Integrated GPS Network


Synchronization.

For more information on NTP, see the following documents:

• For LTE Radio Node, see Clock Source over NTP.

• For WCDMA Radio Node, see Network Synchronization Client for IP


transport.

• For Baseband T Node and GSM Radio Node, see NTP Frequency
Synchronization.

For more information on PTP, see the following documents:

• For LTE Radio Node, see IEEE1588 Frequency Synchronization,


IEEE1588 Time Synchronization, Manage LTE RAN Synchronization, and
PTP Grandmaster.

• For WCDMA Radio Node, see 1588v2 Frequency Synchronization.

• For Baseband T Node, see PTP Slave for Frequency Synchronization and
PTP Grandmaster.

• For GSM Radio Node, see IEEE1588 Frequency Synchronization,


IEEE1588 Time Synchronization, and PTP Grandmaster.

For more information on Synchronous Ethernet, see the following document:

• For LTE Radio Node, WCDMA Radio Node, Baseband T Node, and GSM
Radio Node, see Synchronous Ethernet.

1.3 Network Views


This section describes the general concepts of network synchronization. It
also describes functions not supported by the Baseband Radio Node, the
Baseband C Node and the Baseband T Node, but which are supported by
other Ericsson RAN products.

The principle of Network Synchronization is to synchronize all nodes in a


network to a Primary Reference Clock (PRC).

Traditionally, the networks are Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH) and


Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) networks. In a PDH/SDH network,

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Description

synchronization is distributed on the physical PDH/SDH links. In an Ethernet


network, the physical layer can also be used to distribute synchronization. This
use is called Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE). In an IP/Ethernet network,
packets can be used, which have no relationship to the phase and frequency
of the physical links.

PRC

RBS RBS
Configured
quality level
QL_PRC
Configured TCU
QL_PRC
Min QL identifier
QL_SSU-A

Core node Ethernet Ethernet


Switch Switch TCU
/ RNC QL_PRC QL_PRC

L0001771A

Figure 1 Synchronization Network in Normal Operation


Figure 1 describes the network view of synchronization in a Synchronous
Ethernet network.

1.3.1 General Aspects of Frequency Synchronization Networks


The PRC is distributed over transmission links, by packets, or dedicated
synchronization links in the network. The PRCs optionally synchronize the
next level of clocks, that is, the Synchronization Supply Units (SSU). They in
turn synchronize the integrated clocks in the RAN equipment, such as
Ethernet Equipment Clocks (EEC).In the context of Ericsson solution for
network synchronization using NTP, the NTP server and slave are a part of the
Network Synchronization connection. When using PTP, PTP Grandmaster and
PTP Slave are a part of the Network Synchronization connection. One or more
links or Packet communication associations are used as synchronization
references.

The Network Synchronization Plan specifies which links are used for
synchronization and which links each node uses.

In normal operation, clocks are synchronized to a PRC. This state is called


Frequency Locked mode.

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A clock that has lost its connection to the PRC attempts to keep the frequency
of the PRC. This state is called Frequency Holdover mode.

Figure 2 shows an example of a synchronization chain from a PRC to an EEC.


This representation focuses on the synchronization characteristics in terms of
frequency, jitter, wander, and Maximum Time Interval Error (MTIE). If the
number of EECs becomes too high, it can be necessary to insert a
Synchronization Supply Unit (SSU) to improve the synchronization
robustness. If a packet method is used, not all nodes can be Network
Synchronization nodes. That is, routers or Ethernet switches can simply
forward the synchronization packets.

PRC level

SSU level
L L

SEC/EEC level

L L L L L L L L L L
L=Locked

Figure 2 Synchronization Chain


If a fault occurs, the chain in Figure 2 breaks. In Figure 3, an example is given.
After the failure, only the two leftmost EECs are synchronized to the PRC. The
third EEC is in Holdover mode and synchronizes the fourth EEC. The SSU
detects a low clock quality in the Synchronization Status Message (SSM) sent
by the fourth EEC, or a frequency deviation in the incoming clock. The SSU
then takes the following actions:

• It discards the synchronization reference coming from the EEC.

• It enters Frequency Holdover mode.

• It synchronizes the remaining part of the chain to the right, until the Radio
Equipment Clock of the Baseband or Baseband T is reached.

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fault

H L

L L H L L L L L L L

PRC synchronization network connection


L=Locked
SSU synchronization network connection
H=Holdover
SEC synchronization network connection
Figure 3 Failure of a Synchronization Connection
To secure PRC availability at any time, the synchronization network must be
implemented in redundant structures. This prevents individual clocks from
entering holdover mode if a single network failure occurs.

A representation of the redundancy of the synchronization network is shown in


Figure 4. The two SSUs are connected to the top PRC. The SSU on the left
has only one synchronization reference to the top PRC and therefore has a
backup PRC. Except for the lowest level, it is recommended that all nodes are
synchronized on at least two independent synchronization references. This
reflects the situation in a typical core network or the more central parts of a
RAN. If a fault occurs, the node selects another synchronization reference
instead of entering Holdover mode. On the lowest level, the nodes are
synchronized on only one synchronization reference. This reflects the situation
in a typical RAN. If a fault occurs on a link to the nodes on the lowest level, the
nodes enter Holdover mode.

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PRC

PRC SSU SSU

SEC SEC SEC SEC SEC

SEC SEC SEC SEC SEC

SEC SEC SEC SEC SEC

Figure 4 Redundancy in Synchronization Networks

1.3.2 Quality Level Management in Frequency Synchronization


Networks
Quality level management can be applied to frequency synchronization
networks. It can have three purposes:

• Conveying best available network synchronization quality downstream in a


transport network. This is facilitated by letting the node choose the
synchronization reference with the highest-quality level.

• Allowing an end node to decide whether the network synchronization


quality level received on an interface is sufficient for its operation. This is
achieved by defining a required minimum quality level of a synchronization
reference.

• Providing automatic protection of a Network Synchronization Connection


in a ring network. This involves methods to turn around network
synchronization if there is a failure in a ring network. This method is used
mainly in SDH networks. This method is not used by the RBS.

The concept of quality level management can be applied to all synchronization


references. The support in the Baseband and Baseband T is limited to quality
level management for synchronous Ethernet, 1PPS, NTP frequency
synchronization, and PTP frequency synchronization. It uses the minimum
quality level method for all references.

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Three different sets of Quality Levels are defined: one for each of the
standards of ETSI, ANSI, and TTC, corresponding to option I, option II, and
option III, respectively. A network must use only one of these options.

The TCU 02 and the SIU 02 are designed to provide the holdover for the
RBSs located downstream from them. These nodes also use the minimum
quality level method. The radio node can detect across the Ethernet link that it
is connected to a TCU 02 or a SIU 02. In this case, it reports this as a special
quality level TCU_DETECTED.

Table 1 Option I Quality Levels Recognized By the Node


Quality Level Relative Quality
QL_EPRTC Highest to Lowest
QL_PRTC
QL_PRC
QL_SSU-A
QL_SSU-B
QL_EEEC
QL_SEC/EEC
QL_DNU (Do not use for synchronization)
QL_INV (Invalid QL within the option)
TCU_DETECTED This quality level does
not have a relative
quality.
The RBS always accepts
the reference, except if
QL_DNU is received.

Explanation: In the rightmost column of Table 1 to Table 3, highest relative


quality is ranked at the top of the group of table rows. QL_INV in Table 1 has
the lowest relative quality.

Table 2 Option II Quality Levels Recognized By the Node


Quality Level Relative Quality
QL_EPRTC Highest to Lowest
QL_PRTC
QL_PRS
QL_STU
QL_ST2
QL_TNC
QL_ST3E

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Quality Level Relative Quality


QL_EEEC
QL_ST3/EEC
QL_SMC
QL_PROV
QL_DUS (Do not use for synchronization)
QL_INV
TCU_DETECTED This quality level does
not have a relative
quality.
The RBS always accepts
the reference, except if
QL_DUS is received.

Table 3 Option III Quality Levels Recognized By the Node


Quality Level Relative Quality
QL_EPRTC Highest to Lowest
QL_PRTC
QL_UNK
QL_EEEC
QL_SEC/EEC
QL_INV/DNU (Invalid QL within the option)
TCU_DETECTED This quality level does
not have a relative
quality.
The RBS always accepts
the reference, except if
QL_DNU is received.

Examples of the application of quality level management in a typical radio


access network are shown in Figure 2 and in Figure 5.

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Description

PRC

RBS RBS
Loss of
Synchronization
- in Hold-over
QL_EEC QL too Low TCU
- in Hold-over identifier

X
Core node Ethernet Ethernet
Switch Switch
TCU
/ RNC QL_EEC QL_EEC

L0001772A

Figure 5 Error in a Synchronization Network

1.3.3 General Aspects of Time Synchronization Networks


The purpose of network time synchronization is to synchronize all clocks in the
network to a common time. That is, the purpose is to have the same long-term
time accuracy everywhere. The source for the long-term time accuracy must
be a PRTC). To secure PRTC availability at any time, the synchronization
network must be implemented in redundant structures. This prevents
individual clocks from entering holdover mode if a single network failure
occurs.

The PRTC time is distributed by one of the following methods:

• A Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), such as GPS or GLONASS

• Time distribution over packets, such as PTP

These methods can also be combined to form a time synchronization trail.

In the GNSS case, a satellite receiver is connected directly to the node that
needs to be time synchronized with high precision. For time distribution over a
packet network, the Time PRC is connected to a time server, which generates
packets containing time stamps of high accuracy.

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1.3.4 Node View of Network Synchronization and the Network


Synchronization Plan
Figure 6 gives an overview of the network synchronization of a node. The
synchronization references connected to the node are to the left. There is a
selector that chooses the synchronization reference that the node is supposed
to use.

The selection is based on a strict-priority order. The selected synchronization


reference is supervised and filtered by the radio equipment clock and is then
distributed to all outputs of the node that carry synchronization.

S
e
l
e Clock
c
t
o
r

Figure 6 Node View of Network Synchronization


The network synchronization plan describes how the synchronization network
must be configured. Each network operator must have a network
synchronization plan. The plan describes which nodes there are in the network
and with which clock types they are equipped. It details the links and
associations that are used for conveying information on network
synchronization. Finally, on the node level, it defines the inputs used as
network synchronization references, and their priorities.

Thus the network synchronization plan is the main input for configuration of
the network synchronization in a node. Based on that, the synchronization
references and the priority between them are defined in the node.

1.4 Packet Networks


Network synchronization in a packet-based network is performed using time
stamps inserted in IP packets or in Ethernet frames.

NTP and PTP are used for frequency or time synchronization, and require IP
or Ethernet connectivity toward Time Servers located in the transport network.
Information on configuring IP or Ethernet connectivity is available in Manage
Transport Network. If Access Control Lists (ACL) must be configured,

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Description

information on UDP ports used by NTP and PTP is available in Node


Hardening Guidelines. Quality of Service (QoS) settings for Network
Synchronization are described in Manage Quality of Service.

Note: A radio node can be simultaneously configured with both frequency


synchronization and time and phase synchronization. In this case,
however, only one of the two synchronization types will be active.

The NTP implementation does not support IPv6. PTP Frequency


Synchronization and G.8275.2 Time Synchronization support both IPv4 and
IPv6. The NTP and PTP implementation does not support IPsec.

Setting the real-time clock of the node, for example for time-stamping of
alarms, is not a network synchronization function. The NTP protocol is used
for setting the real-time clock, but this function uses an association separate
from the network synchronization associations.

Synchronization distribution trails are transparent to the nodes, which means


that cascading in the classical sense is not applicable. The time stamp
packets, passing along Synchronization Distribution trails, are subject to delay
variation by the network. This variation can seriously affect the characteristics
of the network synchronization.

The Network Synchronization network connections consist of only one SD


trail. Two nodes connected to the same node can also be synchronized to
different time servers. This is shown by the upper two nodes at the right. They
are not synchronized to the same time server, although they are connected to
the same intermediate nodes.

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GPS
(PRC)

= SD trail = NTP server or PTP Master


= NS network connection = NTP Client or PTP Slave
L0001204B

Figure 7 Example of a Synchronization in a Packet Network


The NTP client, or the PTP slave extracts the required synchronization
information from the packets, using a Differential Time Method algorithm.
Differential Time Methods are based on the time differences between a time
server and a time client. The packet delays are computed from the time
stamps for the server and for the client. This allows the client to calculate its
oscillator frequency drift, compared to the time server frequency, and to tune
the client clock to the time server.

For more information on the generation and termination of Ethernet and IP


packets, refer to Manage Transport Network.

1.4.1 Network Synchronization Using NTP Packets


NTP is used for the frequency synchronization of a radio or Baseband T node.

The IP synchronization reference consists of an NTP client in the node and an


associated NTP server in another node.

The NTP server can either be a standalone time server node, or a time server
integrated in the Ericsson RNC. The server reacts to incoming time stamp IP
packets from the client. It adds the current time to the relevant fields, and
returns them to the source IP address, that is, the address of the time client.

Note: If IPv6 is used, both the PTP Grandmaster and the PTP slave must
use global IPv6 addresses.
For IPv4 and IPv6, PTP must be configured on the outer network.

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1.4.2 Network Synchronization Using PTP Packets


PTP can be used for:

• Frequency synchronization of a radio or Baseband C node or Baseband T


node

• Time and phase synchronization of a radio or a Baseband C node.

The PTP synchronization reference consists of an PTP Slave in the node and
an associated PTP master in another node.

A radio node or Baseband C node or Baseband T node can also provide a


PTP time and phase synchronization source by using the RAN Grand Master
feature. More information on this feature is available in RAN Grand Master.

• A time server must be connected to the RAN.

• The IEEE 1588 Frequency Synchronization license must be installed and


enabled.

The IEEE 1588 Frequency Synchronization feature does not require that
intermediate nodes in the transport network support Boundary Clock or
Transparent Clock functionality. The PTP protocol can be transported over
IPv4 or IPv6 with UDP in a unicast transmission.

Note: If IPv6 is used, both the PTP Grandmaster and the PTP slave must
use global IPv6 addresses.
For IPv4 and IPv6, PTP must be configured on the outer network.

1.4.3 PTP for Time and Phase Synchronization

To implement time synchronization, it is necessary that every node along the


chain between the master and the slave clock supports PTP boundary clock or
transparent clock. See Figure 8

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IEEE 1588
Time Server
Baseband or Third
Party Time Server

Ordinary clock
- Master

Transport Network Slave


Port
L2 Switch
Master Master
Port Port
Boundary clock

L2 Switch Slave L2 Switch


Port
te E to E Transparent E to E Transparent
Clock Clock

IEEE 1588
Time Server

Ordinary clock Ordinary clock Ordinary clock


- Slave - Master - Slave

Baseband Baseband Baseband


L0001467A

Figure 8 IEEE 1588 Network View for Time and Phase Synchronization. The
Boundary Clock Selects one Slave Port, Based on the Best Master Clock
Algorithm.
A radio node or Baseband T can also be configured as a PTP grand master by
activating the RAN Grand Master feature. For more information on this
feature, see RAN Grand Master.

The Baseband C can distribute time and phase synchronization references


using the E-RAN Sync Via BB-C feature. The Baseband C uses IDLe links to
send and receive PTP messages.

1.4.4 PTP for Frequency Synchronization

The PTP synchronization reference consists of a PTP slave in the node, and a
PTP Grandmaster in another node. Figure 9 shows PTP devices defined by
IEEE 1588.

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Description

A Baseband node can have as many as eight alternative IEEE 1588


synchronization references. Each synchronization reference is a slave clock
and has a corresponding master clock as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 9.
Individual slave clocks can be connected to different master clocks.

Ericsson recommends providing connectivity to two or more IEEE 1588


Grandmasters to increase network reliability. Slave clocks receive information
about the quality of master clocks through the PTP protocol. The clock quality
includes information about clock class and clock accuracy. A PTP slave
chooses the time grandmaster with the highest priority if the time grandmaster
provides a clock with sufficiently good quality: This quality must be in
accordance with predefined values for clock class and clock accuracy.

IEEE 1588 IEEE 1588 IEEE 1588


Time Server 1 Time Server 2 Time Server N

Master clock Master clock Master clock

Transport Network

RBS

Slave clock Slave clock Slave clock

L0000553A

Figure 9 IEEE 1588 Network View for Frequency Synchronization

1.5 Functional View


Figure 10 shows a functional model of the network synchronization block of
the Baseband and Baseband T.

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Managed Element
Synchronization References

Synchronization Protocol Termination

Synchronization Reference Monitoring

Usable Synchronization References

Synchronization Reference Selection


Selected Reference

Holdover Capability Radio Equipment Clock

Internal Synchronization Users

Synchronization Protocol Generation

Synchronization Outputs

L0001261B

Figure 10 Functional Model of Synchronization.

1.5.1 Overview
The heart of the network synchronization block is the Radio Equipment Clock.
In the Baseband T, it provides frequency reference on its synchronization
outputs. In the Baseband, it also generates to its internal users the following,
to generate the Air interface carrier frequency and Radio frames:

• basic phase

• frame counter

• frequency

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If there is one external reference available, the Radio Equipment Clock locks
to the selected reference. If no reference is available, it uses the holdover
capability to keep phase and frequency until a reference becomes available
again. When locked to a reference, the holdover capability is trained by the
Radio Equipment Clock.

The Synchronization Protocol Termination terminates Synchronization


protocols. For the configured synchronization references, it forwards
information to the synchronization Reference Monitoring. The synchronization
Reference Monitoring decides whether a reference is selectable as
synchronization reference. Synchronization Reference selection uses the
priority value configured for each reference and selects the selectable
reference with the highest priority.

1.5.2 Synchronization Protocol Termination


Not all types of synchronization reference terminate in a protocol. The
Synchronization Protocol Termination terminates the following protocols:

• For Synchronous Ethernet, in the input direction, it does the following:

– Terminates the Ethernet Synchronization Messaging Channel


(ESMC).

– Extracts the Synchronization Status Message (SSM) value.

– Maps the extracted value to a Quality Level according to the


configured Telecom Option, and stores it in the
receivedQualityLevel attribute of MO
RadioEquipmentClockReference .

• The GNSS protocol termination detects whether the protocol is supported,


and extracts time information, GNSS receiver status, and satellite
information. The time information is forwarded to the next functional
blocks. The GNSS receiver status and satellite information are
represented in the GnssInfo MO Class. If the GNSS receiver is locked,
the QL value depends on the standard as set in telecomStandard
attribute of Synchronization MO instance, and is visible in
receivedQualityLevel attribute of MO
RadioEquipmentClockReference :

– PRC for OPTION_I, that is, ETSI

– PRS for OPTION_II, that is, ANSI

– UNK for OPTION_III, that is, TTC

• The NTP reference, that is, NTP Client, uses the NTP protocol towards an
NTP server in the network. The Quality Level of Radio Equipment Clock,
when synchronized to an NTP reference, is set to one of the following
values. The value is visible in the receivedQualityLevel attribute of

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MO RadioEquipmentClockReference . This depends on the standard


as set in telecomStandard attribute of Synchronization MO
instance:

– PRC for OPTION_I, that is, ETSI

– PRS for OPTION_II, that is, ANSI

– UNK for OPTION_III, that is, TTC

• The PTP reference, that is, a PTP Slave, uses the PTP protocol towards a
PTP Grandmaster in the network. The Quality Level of Radio Equipment
Clock, when synchronized to a PTP reference depends on the standard as
set in telecomStandard attribute of Synchronization MO
instance.The extracted value is stored in the receivedQualityLevel
attribute of MO RadioEquipmentClockReference. The QL is assigned
based on the clockClass and clockAccuracy of the PTP
Grandmaster.

• For a 1PPS reference, there is no protocol, but the reference can be given
an administrative Quality Level. The receivedQualityLevel is
UNKNOWN.

1.5.3 Synchronization Reference Monitoring


With Synchronization Reference Monitoring, the synchronization references
are divided into selectable or not selectable references. If a reference is not
selectable, an alarm is issued. Synchronization references that are selectable,
are transferred to Synchronization Reference Selection together with their
respective Quality Levels.

A synchronization reference is not selectable, when the following issues


occur :

• Loss of physical signal at the Port.

• Protocol communication error.

• The operational Quality Level is lower than the configured minimum


Quality Level set in the minQualityLevel MO attribute of the
RadioEquipmentClock MO class.

• High PDV on synchronization packets.

1.5.4 Synchronization Reference Selection


From the set of selectable synchronization references, the reference with the
highest priority value that is fault free and has minimum Quality Level (QL), is
selected. The priority value is configured through the MOM. If there is no
selectable reference, the holdover capability is used. The selected reference

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and the QL of the selected reference are visible in operQualityLevel and


are transferred to the Radio Equipment Clock.

1.5.5 Radio Equipment Clock


The Radio Equipment Clock is tailored for radio performance. It is built up
around a high stability oscillator and a synchronization algorithm with an
adaptive bandwidth. This enables it to lock quickly to the selected time or
frequency reference, and once locked to withstand frequency and phase
variations. To enable short restart times, the parameters of the adaptive
algorithm are stored in a non-volatile memory.

For a Baseband, the Radio Equipment Clock generates the basic 10 ms radio
frame tick and the basic radio frame counter.

The Quality Level of the selected reference is allocated to the Radio


Equipment Clock in attribute clockOperQuality . After reference
reselection, the Quality Level can be lowered during a settling time. The
Synchronization Protocol Generation block outputs the settled Quality Level,
visible in attribute clockSettledQuality , when the node delivers
synchronization to external devices.

For the Baseband, the output from the Radio Equipment Clock is also sent to
node internal synchronization users. In the Baseband, the internal users are
the clocking of the interface between the Baseband and the Radio, and also
functional users of the Managed Functions.

The Radio equipment Clock can be in the clock states FREQUENCY_LOCKED,


RNT_TIME_LOCKED, or TIME_OFFSET_LOCKED, when synchronized to a
reference. The last state represents a state where the clock:

• Has locked to the time reference, but

• Is waiting for a node internal request to jump the basic frame counter.

This is required for some radio node features. Once the counter has jumped to
the required value, the state changes to RNT_TIME_LOCKED.

1.5.6 Holdover Capability


When the Radio equipment Clock is locked to a synchronization reference, the
Holdover Capability is trained. When none of the references are selectable,
the Holdover Capability keeps the latest known properties of the Radio
equipment Clock algorithm in Holdover Modes. If the Radio Equipment Clock
was Time Locked, the Holdover capability can keep a Time Holdover Mode for
a limited time. If a time synchronization reference has not become "selectable"
within this time, the Holdover Capability goes to the Frequency Holdover
Mode. If the Holdover Capability has been trained, the Frequency Holdover
mode can be kept for the rest of the lifetime of the node. If the synchronization
network fault has not been corrected, an additional alarm is sent as a

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reminder. This takes place two weeks after all frequency synchronization
references became "not selectable". After this two-week period, there can be a
degradation of the handover-related KPIs. Handover can fail for mobile
stations moving at high speed.

The described holdover capability relies on the stability of the oscillator and
the training of the synchronization algorithm.

An assisting reference can provide an alternative way to keep the time during
an outage of a primary time reference using a network connection. Using an
assisting reference provides a virtual holdover with a much longer duration.

The Frequency Holdover, RNT Time Holdover, or Time Offset Holdover states
are reported in the radioClockState attribute of RadioEquipmentClock
MO.

1.5.7 Synchronization Protocol Generation


In the outward direction, the Synchronization Protocol Generation takes the
Quality Level from attribute clockSettledQuality of MO
RadioEquipmentClock .

For SyncE, the Synchronization Protocol Generation takes the Quality Level
from the Radio Equipment Clock and encodes it to a Synchronization Status
Message (SSM) value. The Ethernet Synchronization Message Channel
(ESMC) protocol is generated on all Ethernet ports, including the SSM value.

An exception is that the Quality Level Do not use for synchronization


is transferred on the Ethernet port that the Radio Equipment Clock selected for
synchronization.

For Time Division Multiplex (TDM) ports, the Synchronization Protocol


Generation takes the Radio Equipment Clock state and encodes it to an SSM
value. The SSM value is sent out on all TDM ports.

1.5.8 Sync Test Interface


The user can measure generated frequency and time alignment on Baseband
and Baseband T units by connecting test equipment to the synchronization
test interface. For information on how to configure the synchronization test
interface and the test signal, see Configure Test Signals for Sync Test
Interface on page 38.

The synchronization test interface is represented by the following two pins on


the LMT port RJ45 connector:
• Pin 8: Signal

• Pin 5: GND

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Description

Electrically it is an unbalanced 50 Ω signal. The cable and test instrument


provides 50 Ω termination. It corresponds to the “1PPS 50 Ω phase
synchronization measurement interface” defined by ITU-T:

Recommendation G.8271/Y.1366 defines the


functionality.

Recommendation G.703 defines the characteristics.

Note: ITU-T specifies only a 1PPS signal for time


accuracy measurement while Baseband and
Baseband T units can also output frequency
signals.

Four test signals can be enabled. For information about these test signals, see
OutputSyncTestInterfaceSignal.

The synchronization test interface can be used to measure the following:


• The accuracy of the frequency generated by the Baseband and Baseband
T unit by connecting a frequency counter to the interface. To measure this,
enable FREQUENCY_2048KHZ, FREQUENCY_10MHZ or
FREQUENCY_1PPS. The support of 2048 kHz and 10 MHz differs
between products, see SyncTestInterfaceSignalOutput.

• The time accuracy achieved when synchronizing to a time reference by


connecting an oscilloscope to the interface and a 1PPS reference signal.
To measure this, enable TIME_LOCKED_1PPS.

See Figure 11 for an example of a synchronization test setup.

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Baseband/
GNSS Baseband T
RF
Test / signal Receiver 1PPS+ToD
Sync Frequency
generator counter

Sync
PTP Time/Eth test
TN interface
Oscilloscope
NTP / PTP freq / SyncE
TN

GNSS 1PPS
1PPS reference
1PPS

L00014xxA

Figure 11 Example of a Sync Test Interface Test Setup, Super Set


After a power-on and after a restart with rank Cold or rank Cold with
test, no signal is output. The test signal survives a restart with rank Warm. If
attempting to enable a signal not supported by the field replaceable unit, no
signal is output. It is recommended to disable the signal when not using it for
testing.

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Procedures

2 Procedures

This section describes configuration procedures of network synchronization.

MO class Synchronization is the starting point for configuring network


synchronization.

A Baseband Radio Node always requires a RadioEquipmentClock MO.

A Baseband C Node and a Baseband T Node only requires a


RadioEquipmentClock MO to be created if it uses synchronization.

The Network Synchronization Plan specifies how synchronization must be


configured in a specific node. The configuration procedures described in the
present document are generic, and cannot cover all possible combinations of
values of MO attributes. Whenever the choice of a value is identified in these
procedures as "the desired value", or "the required value", the specific value to
use in an actual configuration procedure must be obtained from the Network
Synchronization Plan.

2.1 Configure a Basic Network Synchronization


The configuration of a basic network synchronization described in this section
is done before configuring any network synchronization reference.

The root MO for configuring network synchronization is Synchronization .


This MO is automatically created by the system.

To create a RadioEquipmentClock MO instance and configure the


Synchronization MO, do the following:

Steps

1. If the node is located in a site that moves, for example a cruise ship, in the
Synchronization MO instance, set the fixedPosition attribute to
false.

Note: If the node is placed in a fixed geographic location, leave this


attribute at its default value of true.

2. If necessary, in the telecomStandard attribute of the


Synchronization MO instance, change the desired telecom standard
option. Possible choices are:
• OPTION_I for ETSI. This is the default value.

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• OPTION_II for ANSI

• OPTION_III for TTC

3. Under the Synchronization MO instance, create a


RadioEquipmentClock MO instance.

4. To activate QL processing, set the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock to QL_ENABLED

5. If QL processing is activated, set the desired value in the


minQualityLevel attribute of RadioEquipmentClock .

2.2 Configure the Presentation in MOM of GNSS


Receiver Status and Satellite Data
This procedure makes the following data readable in the MOM:

• GNSS receiver status

• Satellite data

Note: This procedure does not include the configuration of a GNSS Time
Synchronization Reference, which is described in Configure a GNSS
Time Synchronization Reference on page 25

To configure the presentation of this data, do the following:

Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Under the FieldReplaceableUnit MO, create a SyncPort MO


instance. For Baseband, set the syncPortId attribute of SyncPort to
SYNC. For Baseband T, set the syncPortId attribute of SyncPort to
either SYNC_A or SYNC_B.

3. Under Synchronization , create a TimeSyncIO MO instance.

4. Set the value of the compensationDelay attribute of the TimeSyncIO


MO instance to the one-way delay of the connection between the node
and the GNSS antenna.

5. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute of the TimeSyncIO MO


instance to refer to the SyncPort MO instance created earlier in this
procedure.

6. Under the TimeSyncIO MO instance, create a GnssInfo MO instance.

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Procedures

Note: The GnssInfo MO instance provides read-only attributes with


operational information on the GNSS receiver status and satellite
information.

2.3 Configure a GNSS Time Synchronization Reference


This configuration presumes that the steps described in Configure the
Presentation in MOM of GNSS Receiver Status and Satellite Data on page 24
have been done.

To configure a GNSS Time Synchronization Reference, do the following:

Steps

1. Under RadioEquipmentClock , create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

2. If the selectionProcessMode attribute in RadioEquipmentClock is


set to QL_ENABLED, if desired, set the useQLFrom attribute of the
RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to ADMIN_QL.

Note: If the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock is set to QL_DISABLED, the values of
useQLFrom and adminQualityLevel are ignored.

If the useQLFrom attribute of


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to its default value of
RECEIVED_QL, the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute
of RadioEquipmentClockReference is ignored.

If the adminQualityLevel attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to a value lower than
minQualityLevel , the reference is never selected.

3. Set the encapsulation attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to the TimeSyncIO
MO instance created in a preceding step.

4. If necessary, change the value of the holdOffTime attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

5. Set the value of the priority attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to a unique priority for
the present reference instance.

Note: A Time Synchronization Reference must always be given a higher


priority than any Frequency Synchronization Reference. To do
this, assign a lower value to the priority attribute for the Time
Synchronization Reference.

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6. If necessary, change the value of the waitToRestoreTime attribute of


the RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

7. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to UNLOCKED.

2.4 Configure a 1PPS Frequency Synchronization


Reference
To create a 1PPS frequency reference, do the following:

Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Under FieldReplaceableUnit , create a SyncPort MO instance.

3. Under Synchronization , create a FrequencySyncIO MO instance.

4. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute of the FrequencySyncIO


MO instance to the SyncPort MO instance created earlier in this
procedure.

5. Under RadioEquipmentClock , create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

6. If the selectionProcessMode attribute in RadioEquipmentClock is


set to QL_ENABLED, do the following:

a. Set the useQLFrom attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to ADMIN_QL.

b. Set the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance. If this
attribute is set to a value lower than minQualityLevel , the
reference is never selected.

Note: If the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock is set to QL_DISABLED, the values of
useQLFrom and adminQualityLevel are ignored.

If the useQLFrom attribute of


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to its default value of
RECEIVED_QL, the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute
of RadioEquipmentClockReference is ignored.

7. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to the
FrequencySyncIO MO instance created earlier in this procedure.

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Procedures

8. If necessary, change the value of the holdOffTime attribute.

9. Set the value of the priority attribute to a unique priority for the present
reference instance.

Note: A Frequency Synchronization Reference must always be given a


lower priority than any Time Synchronization References. To do
this, assign a higher value to the priority attribute for the
Frequency Synchronization Reference.

10. If necessary, change the waitToRestoreTime attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to a different value
than the default.

11. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to UNLOCKED.

2.5 Configure Synchronous Ethernet


This procedure requires that a SyncEthInput MO instance that represents
the desired Synchronous Ethernet reference is available. The SyncEthInput
MO refers to the desired EthenetPort MO instance, and its
encapsulation attribute refers to the desired TnPort MO instance. More
information on configuring these MOs is available in Manage Transport
Network.

To configure a Synchronous Ethernet frequency reference, do the following:

Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Make sure that a suitable EthernetPort MO instance exists, and that


the physical port referred to by this instance is connected to the network.

3. To enable Synchronous Ethernet reference over 1000BASE-T, set the


admOperatingMode attribute to 1G_FULL_SLAVE so that the
EthernetPortMO instance is in slave state. Using default configuration
of the attributes admOperatingMode and autoNegEnable (1G_FULL
and true respectively) may raise the alarm SyncE Reference failed with
additional text 1000BASE-T is not slave. In this case, the other side of the
link must not be set to 1G_FULL_SLAVE at the same time.

4. Under Synchronization, create a SyncEthInput MO instance and its


encapsulation attribute refers to an EthernetPort MO instance.

5. Under RadioEquipmentClock , create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

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6. If the selectionProcessMode attribute in RadioEquipmentClock is


set to QL_ENABLED, if desired, set the useQLFrom attribute of the
RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to ADMIN_QL.

Note: If the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock is set to QL_DISABLED, the values of
useQLFrom and adminQualityLevel are ignored.

If the useQLFrom attribute of


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to its default value of
RECEIVED_QL, the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute
of RadioEquipmentClockReference is ignored.

If the adminQualityLevel attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to a value lower than
minQualityLevel , the reference is never selected.

7. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to the
SyncEthInput MO instance that represents the desired Synchronous
Ethernet reference.

8. If necessary, change the value of the holdOffTime attribute.

9. Set the value of the priority attribute to a unique priority for the present
reference instance.

Note: A Frequency Synchronization Reference must always be given a


lower priority than any Time Synchronization References. To do
this, assign a higher value to the priority attribute for the
Frequency Synchronization Reference.

10. If necessary, change the waitToRestoreTime attribute to a different


value than the default.

11. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to UNLOCKED.

2.6 Configure NTP


This procedure requires that an AddressIPv4 MO instance and a
corresponding transport network configuration are available.

More information on configuring the transport network is available in Manage


Transport Network.

To configure an NTP frequency synchronization reference, do the following:

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Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Create one Ntp MO instance.

3. Create one NtpFrequencySync MO instance.

4. Set the value of the syncServerNtpIpAddress attribute to be either the


NTP Server IP address or its domain name.

5. Set the value of the addressIpv4Reference attribute to the configured


AddressIPv4 MO instance.

This address must be on the outer network.

6. If desired, set the value of the dscp attribute if a different value than the
default to be used.

7. Under RadioEquipmentClock, create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

8. If the selectionProcessMode attribute in RadioEquipmentClock is


set to QL_ENABLED, if desired, set the useQLFrom attribute of the
RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to ADMIN_QL.

Note: If the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock is set to QL_DISABLED, the values of
useQLFrom and adminQualityLevel are ignored.

If the useQLFrom attribute of


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to its default value of
RECEIVED_QL, the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute
of RadioEquipmentClockReference is ignored.

If the adminQualityLevel attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to a value lower than
minQualityLevel , the reference is never selected.

9. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to the
NtpFrequencySync MO instance created earlier in this procedure.

10. If necessary, change the value of the holdOffTime attribute.

11. Set the value of the priority attribute to a unique priority for the present
reference instance.

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Note: A Frequency Synchronization Reference must always be given a


lower priority than any Time Synchronization References. To do
this, assign a higher value to the priority attribute for the
Frequency Synchronization Reference.

12. If necessary, change the waitToRestoreTime attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to a different value
than the default.

13. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to UNLOCKED.

2.7 Configure a PTP Frequency Synchronization


Reference
This procedure requires that an AddressIPv4 or AddressIPv6 MO instance
and a corresponding transport network configuration are available.

More information on configuring the transport network is available in Manage


Transport Network.

To configure a PTP frequency synchronization reference, do the following:

Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Create one Ptp MO instance.

3. Create one BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO instance.

Note: The value of the boundaryOrdinaryClockId attribute is


automatically set at MO instance creation, and cannot be
manually changed.

4. Set the value of the clockType attribute to


SLAVE_ONLY_ORDINARY_CLOCK.

5. Set the value of the domainNumber attribute to.a PTP domain

6. Set the value of the ptpProfile attribute to G_8265_1.

7. Create one PtpBcOcPort MO instance.

8. Set the value of the associatedGrandmaster attribute to be either the


PTP Grandmaster IP address or its domain name.

9. Set the value of the transportInterface attribute to the


AddressIPv4 or AddressIPv6 MO representing the IP transport on
which PTP messages are carried.

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Procedures

The address must be on the outer network.

10. If desired, set the value of the dscp attribute if a different value than the
default to be used.

11. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


PtpBcOcPort MO instance to UNLOCKED.

12. Under RadioEquipmentClock, create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

13. If the selectionProcessMode attribute in RadioEquipmentClock is


set to QL_ENABLED, if desired, set the useQLFrom attribute of the
RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to ADMIN_QL.

Note: If the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock is set to QL_DISABLED, the values of
useQLFrom and adminQualityLevel are ignored.

If the useQLFrom attribute of


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to its default value of
RECEIVED_QL, the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute
of RadioEquipmentClockReference is ignored.

If the adminQualityLevel attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to a value lower than
minQualityLevel , the reference is never selected.

14. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute to the


BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO instance created earlier in this
procedure.

15. If necessary, change the value of the holdOffTime attribute.

16. Set the value of the priority attribute to a unique priority for the present
reference instance.

Note: A Frequency Synchronization Reference must always be given a


lower priority than any Time Synchronization References. To do
this, assign a higher value to the priority attribute for the
Frequency Synchronization Reference.

17. If necessary, change the waitToRestoreTime attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to a different value
than the default.

18. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to UNLOCKED.

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Note: If referenceStatus in RadioEquipmentClockReference is


PTP_FAULT, the corresponding BoundaryOrdinaryClock (and
PtpBcOcPort) is faulty. In this case, check the status attribute
on these MOs to identify the specific fault

2.8 Configure a PTP Time Synchronization Reference


This procedure requires that an EthernetPort MO instance and a
corresponding transport network configuration are available.

Note: IDLe ports can be used for the configuration of PTP time
synchronization references.

More information on configuring the transport network is available in Manage


Transport Network.

To configure a PTP time synchronization reference, do the following:

Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Create one Ptp MO instance.

3. Create one BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO instance.

Note: The value of the boundaryOrdinaryClockId attribute is


automatically set at MO instance creation, and cannot be
manually changed.

4. Set the value of the clockType attribute to


SLAVE_ONLY_ORDINARY_CLOCK.

5. Set the value of the domainNumber attribute to a PTP domain

6. Set the value of the ptpProfile attribute to G_8275_1 or


IEEE_1588_J3, as appropriate.

7. Under BoundaryOrdinaryClock, create one PtpBcOcPort MO


instance and set the value of the administrativeState attribute to
UNLOCKED.

8. Configure the PtpBcOcPort MO instance as follows:

a. Set the value of the transportInterface attribute to the


chosen EthernetPort MO instance.

b. In case the link asymmetry is known, set the value of the


asymmetryCompensation attribute to the desired value.

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Procedures

c. Set the value of the ptpMulticastAddress attribute to


FORWARDABLE or NON-FORWARDABLE, as appropriate.

9. Under Synchronization, create a RadioEquipmentClock MO


instance.

10. Under RadioEquipmentClock, create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

11. If the selectionProcessMode attribute in RadioEquipmentClock is


set to QL_ENABLED, if desired, set the useQLFrom attribute of the
RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to ADMIN_QL.

Note: If the selectionProcessMode attribute of


RadioEquipmentClock is set to QL_DISABLED, the values of
useQLFrom and adminQualityLevel are ignored.

If the useQLFrom attribute of


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to its default value of
RECEIVED_QL, the value of the adminQualityLevel attribute
of RadioEquipmentClockReference is ignored.

If the adminQualityLevel attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference is set to a value lower than
minQualityLevel , the reference is never selected.

12. Set the value of the encapsulation attribute to the


BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO instance created earlier in this
procedure.

13. If necessary, change the value of the holdOffTime attribute.

14. Set the value of the priority attribute to a unique priority for the present
reference instance.

Note: A Time Synchronization Reference must always be given a higher


priority than any Frequency Synchronization References. To do
this, assign a lower value to the priority attribute for the Time
Synchronization Reference.

15. If necessary, change the waitToRestoreTime attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to a different value
than the default.

16. Set the value of the administrativeState attribute of the


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance to UNLOCKED.

Note: If referenceStatus in RadioEquipmentClockReference is


PTP_FAULT, the corresponding BoundaryOrdinaryClock (and
PtpBcOcPort) is faulty. In this case, check the status attribute
on these MOs to identify the specific fault.

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2.9 Configure Assisted Time Holdover


Assisted Time Holdover enables the node to use the PTP over IP Time Slave
as an assisting reference for GNSS time reference.

If the GNSS time reference is faulty, the RadioEquipmentClock MO selects


a suitable AssistingReference MO instance and continues the time
synchronization service.

Prerequisites

• A valid license key has been installed for Assisted Time Holdover, and the
feature is activated.

• A PTP Grandmaster supporting PTP over IP unicast is available in the


network.

• The IEEE 1588 Time and Phase Synchronization feature is activated.

Steps

1. Verify that the RadioEquipmentClock.selectionProcessMode


attribute is set to QL_ENABLED.

2. Configure a GNSS time synchronization reference with the TimeSyncIO


MO.

3. Configure a BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO instance.

a. Set the clockType attribute to


SLAVE_ONLY_ORDINARY_CLOCK.

b. Set the domainNumber attribute to the value of the


domainNumber attribute of the PTP Grandmaster.

c. Set the ptpProfile attribute to G_8275_2.

4. Configure a PtpBcOcPort MO instance.

a. Set the administrativeState attribute to UNLOCKED.

b. Set the associatedGrandmaster attribute to either the IP


address or the domain name of the PTP Grandmaster.
c. Set the transportInterface attribute to refer to the
AddressIpv4 or AddressIpv6 MO representing the IP
transport on which PTP messages are carried.

5. Configure an AssistingReference MO instance.

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Procedures

a. Set the administrativeState attribute to UNLOCKED.

b. Set the encapsulation attribute to refer to the previously


configured BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO.

After This Task

The GNSS time reference must be active for at least an hour for Assisted
Time Holdover to be functional after the reference is lost.

2.10 Configure a PTP Grandmaster

Prerequisites

The configuration of a basic network synchronization is described in Configure


a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23. Additionally, make sure that MO
instances of the following classes are available, and that they are suitable for
use with the new PTP Grandmaster:

• A SyncPort instance, under Equipment, FieldReplaceableUnit.

• A TnPort instance, also under Equipment, FieldReplaceableUnit.

• An EthernetPort instance, under Transport. The encapsulation


attribute of this EthernetPort must be set to the chosen TnPort.
If a VlanPort is already associated with the EthernetPort MO, for
using PTP it is necessary to create the following, additional MO instances:

– VlanPort

– Router

– InterfaceIPv4

– AddressIPv4

If the PTP Grandmaster will use multiple ports, each of them needs to
have a VlanPort, InterfaceIPv4 and AddressIPv4 MO instance,
and all InterfaceIPv4 interfaces must be created under the same
Router MO instance.

• A RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance, with the


encapsulation attribute set to the chosen TimeSyncIO MO instance
and the priority attribute set to 1. See Configure a GNSS Time
Synchronization Reference on page 25 for more information.

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Steps

1. In the TimeSyncIO MO instance, set the encapsulation attribute to


the chosen SyncPort MO instance.

2. If necessary, under the Transport MO, create a Ptp MO instance.

3. Under the Ptp MO instance, create a BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO


instance and configure this instance as follows:

a. Assign a suitable value to the domainNumber attribute.

b. Set the clockType attribute to


GRAND_MASTER_ORDINARY_CLOCK.

c. Set the ptpProfile attribute of the PtpIEEE_1588_J3 MO


instance to for a J3 profile, or to G_8275_1 for a Telecom profile.

4. Under the BoundaryOrdinaryClock, create a PtpBcOcPort MO


instance for each EthernetPort MO instance, and set its
transportInterface attribute to the chosen EthernetPort MO
instance.

5. Under the Synchronization MO, create a RadioEquipmentClock


MO instance and set its selectionProcessMode attribute to MO
instance to QL_DISABLED.

2.11 Configure a PTP Boundary Clock

Prerequisites

In order for the feature to be configured, at least one EthernetPort MO


instance has to be available. The process of how to configure the
EthernetPort MO instance is described in Manage Transport Network.

Steps

1. If necessary, under Transport MO instance create a Ptp MO instance.

2. Under the Ptp MO instance, create a BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO


instance.

a. Assign a value to the domainNumber attribute.

b. Set the clockType attribute to BOUNDARY_CLOCK.

Note: The type must be BOUNDARY_CLOCK.

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c. Set the ptpProfile attribute to either IEEE_1588_J3 or


G_8275_1, as required.

3. Commit the changes.

4. Under BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO instance, create a PtpBcOcPort


MO instance.

a. Set the administrativeState attribute to UNLOCKED.

b. Set the transportInterface attribute to one of the


EthernetPort MO instances.

c. For G_8275_1 profile, set the announceInterval attribute to -3.

5. Commit the changes.

6. In order to configure another PtpBcOcPort MO instance, repeat step 4 -


5.

Note: The transportInterface attribute must be unique, i.e.


encapsulate existing EthernetPort MO instance which has not
been encapsulated by another PtpBcOcPort MO instance.

7. If necessary, under Synchronization MO instance create a


RadioEquipmentClock MO instance.

8. Commit the changes.

9. Under RadioEquipmentClock MO instance create a


RadioEquipmentClockReference MO instance.

a. Set the priority attribute to 8.

Note: The boundary clock can coexist with other sync references
typically with timeSyncIO. If other reference than the
BoundaryOrdinaryClock is selected as active sync
reference then the boundary clock will act as a master on all
its PtpBcOcPorts.To ensure a stable selection of references
it is important to set lower priority on the
BoundaryOrdinaryClock compared to the other
references, which is ensured by setting priority attribute
to 8.
b. Set administrativeState to UNLOCKED.

c. Set encapsulation to the BoundaryOrdinaryClock MO


instance created previously.

10. Commit the changes.

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Manage Network Synchronization

2.12 Manage Quality Level


Quality Level configuration is a part of Synchronization Reference
configuration. Therefore, Quality Level configuration consists of individual
steps in the procedures described in the preceding sections.

Attributes to manage the Quality Level are contained in the following MO


classes:

• RadioEquipmentClock

• RadioEquipmentClockReference

For more information, see Managed Object Model (MOM).

2.13 Configure Test Signals for Sync Test Interface


To configure test signals for sync test interface, do the following:

Steps

1. If not already done, configure a basic network synchronization as


described in Configure a Basic Network Synchronization on page 23.

2. Under FieldReplaceableUnit MO, representing the Baseband or


Baseband T unit on which a Sync test interface is wanted, create a
SyncTestInterface MO instance.

3. Enable a test signal by using action


outputSyncTestInterfaceSignal. For information about the test
signals to enable, see OutputSyncTestInterfaceSignal.

4. Show signal output on the sync test interface by using attribute


syncTestInterfaceSignalOutput.

The attribute value SPECIAL means that an output signal was enabled by
Ericsson personnel.

The attribute value NOT_SUPPORTED indicates that the MO


SyncTestInterface has been created on a field replaceable unit not
supporting the interface.

5. Disable the test signal by using action


outputSyncTestInterfaceSignal with value NO_SIGNAL.

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Procedures

Note: Deleting the SyncTestInterface MO will cause any test signal


enabled by an action to be disabled. But a test signal enabled by
Ericsson personal, represented by the value SPECIAL in attribute
syncTestInterfaceSignalOutput, will not be disabled by deleting
the SyncTestInterface MO.

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