Masterof Business Administration[MBA









Directorate of Distance Education SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY


I recommend that the student (ARUNAVA SARKAR, ROLL NO. 510921925) of MBA taking specialization in FINANCE have undertaken very lively project, under the guidance of Sri NAVIN CHADDA. LIMITED) I am sure that the projects have brought empirical evidence and through original ideas. (SR. ACCOUNTS MANAGER, ANMOL BISCUITS

Date :

Signature of centre head



Undertaken by : ARUNAVA SARKAR ROLL-NO. : 510921925

Towards partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA) From :SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY EDUCATION(CENTRE CODE : 01597)


which will help me in my professional career and even through our best of my life. information and technical assistance to make it presentable. I would like to express my deep gratitude to project guide Sri NAVIN CHADDA. Anmol Biscuits Limited. (ARUNAVASARKAR) 4 . I am indebted to my respected sirs for their valuable knowledge and guidance. I would like to express my gratitude to the project coordinator Sri Mr………………………………. who helped me in very respect for doing my project work.Kolkata who helped me to conceive the project and providing with knowledge. Senior Accounts Manager. coordinator for providing the opportunity and motivating me to do my MBA final semester project.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am extremely grateful to all the faculty and staff of SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY (Centre code-01597) especially to Mr. Without their inspiration and support I would not have the opportunity to present this report. Arup Kumar Paul.

Name of the Project Guider Designation : : SRI NAVIN CHADDA Senior Accounts Manager Anmol Biscuits Limited. A University Learning Centre BALLYGUNJ PHARI CENTRE.CERTIFICATE This is to Certify that The Project Work Entitles As “Financial Summary Analysis” Done by ARUNAVA SARKAR ROLL NO. Kolkata Signature of the Project Guide 5 . Education(centre code-01597) . : 510921925 A student of SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY. This work is original and their performance was found to be praiseworthy. Submitted in partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for The Award of Degree of MBA(Master of Business Administration) Under Sikkim Manipal University.

flavor. distilleries & pharmaceutical units as scrap bottles & containers. 6 . Raw Materials : The raw materials required are (a) Maida.Financial Analysis Of Anmol Biscuits Limited. Kolkata. The cost of equipments and machineries has been taken as per quotations for standard equipments and as per estimate and quotation obtained from special plant suppliers. sell to consuming units. These are easily available indigenously. sugar. Plant & Equipment :The Plant & Machinery required for the unit are standard and are available from the specialized machine supplier in all over india & also from abroad within reasonable price & time . Biscuits Manufacturing Unit In West Bengal. This is almost in similar manner as waste paper is collected & sold to mills. means of finance and to assess the Techno-Economic feasibility of setting of the unit. i) Cullets . INTRODUCTION : The report has been prepared with a view to decide the total cost of the project.These are available from various breweries. There are a number of scrap dealers who collect cullets from Rag pickers and after sizeable quantity.

iv) & dealers.The main fuel is Steam Coal Grade II which is available from Coal India Ltd. are available from local market. is available directly from the manufacturer viz. The items like lubricants.Allahabad from a number of concerns like Chawla .Sand Co. iii) Silica Sand – is procured from Naini. spares & packing material . Calcium Floride. Lime Stone – from Satna. dealers & others.ii) Soda Ash – (Dense). Tata Chemicals Ltd. on quota & allotment basis. Madhya Pradesh and/or Lime stockists 7 .. etc. These are felspar. Petroleum coke.Gunny bags. v) Other Chemicals are available from local dealers. Fuel . Card Board boxes etc. Saurastra Chemicals. Tuticorin Chemicals and/or from their distributors.

There has not been major shift from the traditional technology employed through ages. The total process has a 4 stage working. a Company which has employed 3 generation of a family and established over five decades shall form the team for the unit. bottles caps made of aluminum. The process-is known as Semi-Automatic process of bottles forming by use of blow & blow technique. It contains dust. forming into bottles & then heat treatment for toughening the bottles..:Selection & Preparation of Raw Material . Shree Gobinddeo Glass Works Ltd. The workman & technicians who are presently employed by M/S. mud etc. Silica Sand.The preparation of raw material is preparing a batch consisting of cullets (broken glass duly cleaned. These may be in the shape of whole and/or partial broken size. The technology of glass melting. since inception of batch preparation & feeding is well known to the promoter and its team of technicians. and/or polymer. 8 a) . viz. Yet there has been revolutinary changes in the technique of handling. melting.TECHNOLOGY : The Technology of Glass melting and bottle formation is century old in the country. The cullet washing is a process in itself broken glass (cullets) is collected from various centers and supplied to the consuming unit in bulk. forming and thereafter heat-treatment & packing. Lime stone/dolomite and other chemicals into a predetermined proportion. washed & without any foreign material). bottles & pieces of other color glass.

The glass melting furnace is heated with the gas produced by burning steam coal.The cullet is first cleaned by sieve to separate dust. The mechanized feeding can be regulated. 9 . are cleaned. The cullet. Here again manual work is involved.The batch feeding to glass melting furnace is done manually. whereas manual feeding lacks evenly feeding. and/or can be mechanized. b) Feeding of batch to Melting furnace . The batch is prepared by mixing the raw materials so that the feeding in the furnace is uniform & homogenous . where with the help of water jets the mud etc. The ferrous metal is separated with the help of magnate. The furnace has 3 zones :i) melting ii) refining and iii) holding. thereafter is sent to washing unit. The bottle caps rings & other type and color of glass is separated by manual work.

The bottle is passed through heating zone and then automatically travels to cooling zone. The tested and inspected bottles are then packed in corrugated card board boxes/ Gunny bags and are ready for despatch (Refer process chart XH') The Entrepreneur Mr. This is done on conveyor belt which travels in the annealing lehr. The bottles thus formed are weak and has to be heat treated to make it tough. Annealing has heating & cooling zones. The bottles is given desired shape in the 2nd mould. sales set up. The bottles are test checked for bursting strength. neck dimensions bore etc. There are two moulds needed to form a bottle. weight and for proper size. He has by now acquired expertise and has full knowledge of the know of all aspect of working of Glass bottle manufacturing unit by semi-automatic technologyroute. Satish Kr. 10 . proper & even annealing. He has been associated with Glass & other industries for over two decades.The formed bottles are again heated in the Annealing lehr. These formed bottle are immediately fed to electrically operated annealing lehr. d) Heat treatment . The bottle after passing though the cooling zone comes out at the other end.Refined molten glass is picked by hand through Iron Rods and fed to Moulds for formation. Administration and other area. Jhunjhunwala is the promoter of the scheme. and to ensure pressure strength. The bottle at this end are cooled down and can be handled bare handed.c) Bottle forming . He has a well balanced team of technicians. thermal shock resistance chemical durability etc.

The place does not come under the restrictions. shall be constructed consisting of : i) Shed for Glass Melting furnace. Mould room. Administrative office. machine shop inspection & packing. The place is beyond the bound of CMDA area and the 'Green-Belt. for staff & workmen. batch room. coal chulahs etc. Further the place. with chimney & other accessory.Annealing lehr. is being acquired near Uluberia Industrial Estate. The labour has to be provided with accommodation for smooth working. iv) Finished go-downs. The data collected from the different department comprise up information on the plant and infrastructural facilities are discussed as followsLand A plot of land measuring 12 bighas. DG sets. cullect washing & processing. office and other services. The land will be used for :(a) (b) Erection of Plant and equipment for glass-bottle manufacturing Along side the manufacturing unit. 11 . works office. Glass Bottle forming machine. iii) Back -up services like Air compressors. It may please be noted that Glass Plants work round the cloak and throughout year and therefore it is imperative to have housing for the workmen &. Building Industrial shed measuring approximately 80000 sft.OBJECTIVE The main aim of the project was to get on idea regarding the technoeconomic – liability of glass bottle manufacturing unit in West Bengal. staff. ii) For other production & processing facilities . being away from residential area. housing complex shall be built unit. stores etc.

proper drainage system shall be constructed to avoid water logging and facilitate working. gate office and other facilities.Conveyor belt.preparation & processing plant having cullet sorting belt. with incoming raw materials & outgoing finished products. trollies & other implements. 12 .Weighing machine.There shall be one big shed to accomodate the above the height of shed at furnace bay shall be high around 24' and the other shall be of normal height of 18'. iii) washing plant (Drum type) Magnetic separator. mixing machine. The factory will be having boundry wall. There shall be pucca construction of RCC roofing. men & machine etc. Beside above 10/12 staff & officer flats shall be built measuring 800 sft. Plants & Equipments The main plants equipments consist of :i) ii) Cullect . This shall be metallic road on which lorries shall ply. Road . Road Drains -Boundry etc. These will be built ground place 3 storied. Further place for children play. Batch room . The flooring shall be of brick soling and cemented. brick wall duly plastered. Labour & Staff Quarters There will bearound 300 single room tenaments built for accomodating labour.Beside rain water drains. The finished go-down shall be fully walled & covered. Batch feeding . These will be in 2 blocks having ground +2 storied. temple and sufficient open space shall be left for use. cemented flooring & shall have electric connection. Further inside roads shall be constructed for movement of material. cullet crasher etc. The toilet & bathing space shall be common. Drains . trollies.Approach road from main road to the factory gate shall be constructed. Various areas shall be separated by walls.

This will be constructed in-house on the design developed by the company. iv) v) vi) Machine shop. Utilities and Service a) Material handling . Deep Tube well. coal burning & gas feeding device. Mould shop. underground and above ground. control panel. coal burning chulahs gas feeding tunnels. reversal. v) vi) i) ii) ii) Bottle forming machines. Compressors & Vacuum Pump with pipe line. Electrical substation with distribution cable & connection to individual equipment. A suitable 13 . regenerating chamber. chimney and all underground work & construction shall be done on the design prepared by the company.iv) Glass melting furnace .operators. Only the Glass melting furnace. Support Service Equipments Most of these equipments facilities are available as readymade and/or can be had as per specification. b) Electricity . wheel barrows may be mounted on trolly-tracks. storage tank. with the help of contractors and/or by assigning the same to specialized service agency/contractors.The raw materials and finished products shall be handled manually with trolleys. Delivery to the customer shall be made by hired truck . Annealing lehr.With chimney. DG set room.The total load needed shall be around 300 KVA which shall be obtained from West Bengal State Electricity Board. black smithy and others. Loading platform.

bottle for bursting test.sub station with transformer to step down the high voltage current to 240/440 volts with switch room shall be erected. Water Service . Effluent Disposal The process dose not generate as such and/or pollute and/or contaminate air.Stand by Diesel Generators shall be installed to take care of power failure and load shedding. bottle testing. The laboratory will have facilities for physical testing of finished products-bottles. b) Fire Fighting Arrangement Adequate arrangement for fire fighting shall be made.Water shall be obtained from Deep Tube well and treated for human consumption. thermal shock and proper annealing beside employing SQC technique. processing and also for finished goods testing. DG Set . Beside human consumption water shall be needed for cullect washing. In the process. factory toilets and other uses. Water shall be stored in under ground reservoirs and overhead tanks. coal is burnt and the fume & hot air/gas is let into atmosphere through a chimney of proper height as prescribed by the Pollution Control Authorities. and/or land. The Coal Ash is collected and used for filling low land. water. Quality Control / Laboratory A laboratory shall be set-up for chemical testing of all incoming materials for proper batch preparation. 14 .

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year. According to projected cash flow statement data. According to working Capital margin expenses increases gradually through out the year. it in observed that. Projected balance sheet provide the information regarding liability and assets. 2. 5. closing balance gradually increases from 1st year to 7th year. 6. A ccording to cost of production and profitability data profitability According to data at production sales and closing stock. It has increases from 200 to 242 duriing 1st year and 3rd Manpower requirement can very between different departments. In production department manpower requirement in maximum where as it in workshop or furnace department. 33 . 3. It is observed that. 4. though total assests increases primarily bat thereafter it in gradually reduces.CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION 1. year. valuation at closing stock gradually increases through out the gradually increases from 1st year to 7th year.

does not burn the lips even Ameanable to fine decorations. Chemically inert. It has been widely in use in many countries. Glass is the only product which has the following features all in one. Capable of re-use. one of the oldest packing media with none to match the unique and salient features. stronger facing unprecedental challenges from many other cheaper and convenient packaging. when boiling hot tea is drank. Stronger. metal. Being essentially heat non-conductive. plastic. the craft of Glass making is one of the oldest and Glass has been used over centuries for packing and protection of materials. rather emerged. etc. Visible. perhaps. Glass Bottles are. Superiority of Glass as packing media due to its various quality has made it survive. Re-saleable etc.COMPANY PROFILE & HISTORY OF THE ORGANISATION THE PRODUCT. In India. etc. CHARACTERISTICS AND SPECIFICATION : The properties of glass as packaging material and superiority over other packaging material is due to a variety of its characteristics like-Glass is a traditional packaging material. Brilliant in look. It has maintained its 34 . and it has stood the test of time very well. as it is :i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) Cheap Hygienic as can be washed with boiling water and/or acids. storage and holding media made of paper fibre.

It has no inherent property of action and hence it is compatible with virtually every product and is imperious to attack from within or outside through extended storage and use. Even the strongest of chemicals can be stored in glass without running the risk of reaction owing to the neutral property of glass. Even from sensitive chemicals protection from light rays can be ensured by using Amber or Coloured Glass. it can be further sterilised by autoclaving without the danger of breaking it. STRENGTH : The popular belief that the glass is highly fragile has become a fallacy in recent years. vapour and liquids permeate through its walls. metal. The clarity of glass is one of its main virtues. The transparency of glass is yet another factor which has made glass unique as a packaging media.superiority in spite of the competition from paper. the glass container is sterlise owing to the very high temperature at which it is made. The contents are visible and it provides a very good consumer appeal to the products and it thus causes impulsive buying. These properties are :CHEMICAL: Glass is inert and therefore has barrier properties. A glass container of average strength can withstand a thermal shock test at 170°F . When manufactured. Glass is the stiffest material available and has superior vertical strength characteristics. 35 . If need. Glass is non-premeable. plastic and wooden containers. It is absolutely safe from any sort of contamination from outside and the contents would remain intact. It does not allow gasses. subject to its own condition. It can be made as strong as steel for special purposes. PHYSICAL . fibre.80°F.

P.S.Ordinary Soda Lime bottles can easily stand a pressure of 350 Ibs. In certain cases. .S. Liquor. Aerated Water.P. Thus glass provides quite a strong protection to the contents. .III or Soda lime glass is the most common type of glass widely used and accepted out of the 3 types :(i) (ii) (iii) U.etc.III Soda lime Glass The glass bottle is the only packaging media in case where no inhert power or action is required on the product and it is imperative to prevent 36 . as glass is comparatively less susceptible to stress cracking and failure under extereme conditions. food product.P.II Boro/Silicate Glass Soda lime Glass U. per square inch.S. per sq. SPECIFICATION : Indian Standards Institution has finalised only a few specifications for glass bottles and Jars. USP .1961 Aerated water glass bottles ISS : 1107 - For packing of Pharmaceuticals preparation. inch is easily absorbed by a bottle without giving way. Glass bottles can very well withstand the stress and strain of transportation even under the most tiring conditions. the bottle may not break even at a pressure of 600 Ibs. i) 1957 ii) iii) 1962 iv) 1962 v) Glass containers for preserved fruits industry ISS : 1494 – 1962 Liquor Bottles ISS : 1662 Bottles for fluid Ink Beer Bottle ISS : 1945 ISS : 2091 . Cosmetics. -1 U. Beer.

) has to be stored and used. could be done and is done. glass being permeable is the only answer.the attack on the product which comes out through exended storage and use. gas and/or vapour and also it is desired that no gas vapour and any other liquid should evaporate and/or lick through walls of the container. 37 . etc. in the glass containers without running the risk of reaction. Alkali. Further again where the product is to be kept absolutely away and safe from any mix up with the atmospheric air. In case where very strong chemicals (Add.

Macroeconomic Tueery. 4. 2. Portfolio and Security Analysis.BIBLIOGRAPHY :1. 3. Financial Management. Corporate Finance. Kohn and Fisher Taylor Jonathon Steward Barnson 38 .

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