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510921925 01597 BALYGUNJ PHARI CENTRE
LEARNING CENTRE CODE : LEARNING CENTRE NAME :
Directorate of Distance Education SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY
I recommend that the student (ARUNAVA SARKAR, ROLL NO. 510921925) of MBA taking specialization in FINANCE have undertaken very lively project, under the guidance of Sri NAVIN CHADDA. LIMITED) I am sure that the projects have brought empirical evidence and through original ideas. (SR. ACCOUNTS MANAGER, ANMOL BISCUITS
Signature of centre head
A PROJECT REPORT “Financial Summary Analysis” A study with guidance of SRI NAVIN CHADDA Fellow, SENIOR ACCOUNTS MANAGER, ANMOL BISCUITS LIMITED, KOLKATA. & SUKESH NAYEK, SENIOR ACCOUNTS OFFICER, ANMOL BISCUITS LIMITED , KOLKATA.
Undertaken by : ARUNAVA SARKAR ROLL-NO. : 510921925
Towards partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA) From :SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY EDUCATION(CENTRE CODE : 01597)
Arup Kumar Paul.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am extremely grateful to all the faculty and staff of SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY (Centre code-01597) especially to Mr. I would like to express my deep gratitude to project guide Sri NAVIN CHADDA. Senior Accounts Manager.Kolkata who helped me to conceive the project and providing with knowledge. I would like to express my gratitude to the project coordinator Sri Mr………………………………. coordinator for providing the opportunity and motivating me to do my MBA final semester project. who helped me in very respect for doing my project work. Anmol Biscuits Limited. I am indebted to my respected sirs for their valuable knowledge and guidance. which will help me in my professional career and even through our best of my life. Without their inspiration and support I would not have the opportunity to present this report. (ARUNAVASARKAR) 4 . information and technical assistance to make it presentable.
Submitted in partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for The Award of Degree of MBA(Master of Business Administration) Under Sikkim Manipal University. Kolkata Signature of the Project Guide 5 . : 510921925 A student of SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY. This work is original and their performance was found to be praiseworthy. Education(centre code-01597) .CERTIFICATE This is to Certify that The Project Work Entitles As “Financial Summary Analysis” Done by ARUNAVA SARKAR ROLL NO. A University Learning Centre BALLYGUNJ PHARI CENTRE. Name of the Project Guider Designation : : SRI NAVIN CHADDA Senior Accounts Manager Anmol Biscuits Limited.
These are available from various breweries. Raw Materials : The raw materials required are (a) Maida. Biscuits Manufacturing Unit In West Bengal. distilleries & pharmaceutical units as scrap bottles & containers. The cost of equipments and machineries has been taken as per quotations for standard equipments and as per estimate and quotation obtained from special plant suppliers. There are a number of scrap dealers who collect cullets from Rag pickers and after sizeable quantity. This is almost in similar manner as waste paper is collected & sold to mills. Plant & Equipment :The Plant & Machinery required for the unit are standard and are available from the specialized machine supplier in all over india & also from abroad within reasonable price & time . means of finance and to assess the Techno-Economic feasibility of setting of the unit. i) Cullets . flavor. INTRODUCTION : The report has been prepared with a view to decide the total cost of the project. 6 . sugar. These are easily available indigenously.Financial Analysis Of Anmol Biscuits Limited. sell to consuming units. Kolkata.
Tata Chemicals Ltd. iv) & dealers.The main fuel is Steam Coal Grade II which is available from Coal India Ltd. Fuel . iii) Silica Sand – is procured from Naini. dealers & others.. etc. Calcium Floride. Card Board boxes etc.Allahabad from a number of concerns like Chawla . These are felspar. Tuticorin Chemicals and/or from their distributors. is available directly from the manufacturer viz. v) Other Chemicals are available from local dealers. on quota & allotment basis. are available from local market.ii) Soda Ash – (Dense). Saurastra Chemicals. The items like lubricants. Madhya Pradesh and/or Lime stockists 7 . Lime Stone – from Satna.Gunny bags.Sand Co. Petroleum coke. spares & packing material .
:Selection & Preparation of Raw Material . The cullet washing is a process in itself broken glass (cullets) is collected from various centers and supplied to the consuming unit in bulk. bottles caps made of aluminum. Silica Sand. The process-is known as Semi-Automatic process of bottles forming by use of blow & blow technique. forming into bottles & then heat treatment for toughening the bottles. These may be in the shape of whole and/or partial broken size. and/or polymer. a Company which has employed 3 generation of a family and established over five decades shall form the team for the unit.. melting. Shree Gobinddeo Glass Works Ltd. Yet there has been revolutinary changes in the technique of handling. since inception of batch preparation & feeding is well known to the promoter and its team of technicians. viz. 8 a) . washed & without any foreign material). forming and thereafter heat-treatment & packing. The technology of glass melting.The preparation of raw material is preparing a batch consisting of cullets (broken glass duly cleaned.TECHNOLOGY : The Technology of Glass melting and bottle formation is century old in the country. mud etc. There has not been major shift from the traditional technology employed through ages. The workman & technicians who are presently employed by M/S. The total process has a 4 stage working. bottles & pieces of other color glass. It contains dust. Lime stone/dolomite and other chemicals into a predetermined proportion.
The furnace has 3 zones :i) melting ii) refining and iii) holding.The batch feeding to glass melting furnace is done manually. The glass melting furnace is heated with the gas produced by burning steam coal. b) Feeding of batch to Melting furnace . The cullet. The mechanized feeding can be regulated. 9 . The bottle caps rings & other type and color of glass is separated by manual work.The cullet is first cleaned by sieve to separate dust. Here again manual work is involved. The ferrous metal is separated with the help of magnate. are cleaned. thereafter is sent to washing unit. where with the help of water jets the mud etc. The batch is prepared by mixing the raw materials so that the feeding in the furnace is uniform & homogenous . and/or can be mechanized. whereas manual feeding lacks evenly feeding.
There are two moulds needed to form a bottle. Jhunjhunwala is the promoter of the scheme. Satish Kr. neck dimensions bore etc. sales set up.Refined molten glass is picked by hand through Iron Rods and fed to Moulds for formation. The bottle is passed through heating zone and then automatically travels to cooling zone. This is done on conveyor belt which travels in the annealing lehr. 10 .The formed bottles are again heated in the Annealing lehr. The bottle at this end are cooled down and can be handled bare handed. The bottles thus formed are weak and has to be heat treated to make it tough. The tested and inspected bottles are then packed in corrugated card board boxes/ Gunny bags and are ready for despatch (Refer process chart XH') The Entrepreneur Mr. Annealing has heating & cooling zones. weight and for proper size. d) Heat treatment . He has a well balanced team of technicians. He has been associated with Glass & other industries for over two decades. The bottle after passing though the cooling zone comes out at the other end. These formed bottle are immediately fed to electrically operated annealing lehr.c) Bottle forming . The bottles is given desired shape in the 2nd mould. and to ensure pressure strength. He has by now acquired expertise and has full knowledge of the know of all aspect of working of Glass bottle manufacturing unit by semi-automatic technologyroute. thermal shock resistance chemical durability etc. The bottles are test checked for bursting strength. proper & even annealing. Administration and other area.
staff. shall be constructed consisting of : i) Shed for Glass Melting furnace. cullect washing & processing. is being acquired near Uluberia Industrial Estate. 11 . batch room. with chimney & other accessory. being away from residential area. DG sets. iii) Back -up services like Air compressors. stores etc. office and other services. housing complex shall be built unit. The data collected from the different department comprise up information on the plant and infrastructural facilities are discussed as followsLand A plot of land measuring 12 bighas.Annealing lehr. machine shop inspection & packing. Building Industrial shed measuring approximately 80000 sft. for staff & workmen. The labour has to be provided with accommodation for smooth working. Administrative office. ii) For other production & processing facilities . iv) Finished go-downs. coal chulahs etc. It may please be noted that Glass Plants work round the cloak and throughout year and therefore it is imperative to have housing for the workmen &.OBJECTIVE The main aim of the project was to get on idea regarding the technoeconomic – liability of glass bottle manufacturing unit in West Bengal. The land will be used for :(a) (b) Erection of Plant and equipment for glass-bottle manufacturing Along side the manufacturing unit. Glass Bottle forming machine. works office. The place is beyond the bound of CMDA area and the 'Green-Belt. Further the place. The place does not come under the restrictions. Mould room.
Drains . iii) washing plant (Drum type) Magnetic separator. temple and sufficient open space shall be left for use. These will be built ground place 3 storied. Further place for children play. brick wall duly plastered. Beside above 10/12 staff & officer flats shall be built measuring 800 sft. cemented flooring & shall have electric connection. The toilet & bathing space shall be common. Further inside roads shall be constructed for movement of material.Weighing machine.There shall be one big shed to accomodate the above the height of shed at furnace bay shall be high around 24' and the other shall be of normal height of 18'. Plants & Equipments The main plants equipments consist of :i) ii) Cullect . The flooring shall be of brick soling and cemented. gate office and other facilities. Various areas shall be separated by walls.Conveyor belt. The finished go-down shall be fully walled & covered.preparation & processing plant having cullet sorting belt. with incoming raw materials & outgoing finished products.Approach road from main road to the factory gate shall be constructed. proper drainage system shall be constructed to avoid water logging and facilitate working. men & machine etc. Road Drains -Boundry etc. Batch room . Labour & Staff Quarters There will bearound 300 single room tenaments built for accomodating labour. trollies & other implements. cullet crasher etc. This shall be metallic road on which lorries shall ply. The factory will be having boundry wall. 12 . trollies. mixing machine. Road .Beside rain water drains. Batch feeding . These will be in 2 blocks having ground +2 storied. There shall be pucca construction of RCC roofing.
This will be constructed in-house on the design developed by the company. coal burning chulahs gas feeding tunnels.The total load needed shall be around 300 KVA which shall be obtained from West Bengal State Electricity Board. Utilities and Service a) Material handling . Electrical substation with distribution cable & connection to individual equipment. coal burning & gas feeding device. storage tank. Support Service Equipments Most of these equipments facilities are available as readymade and/or can be had as per specification. black smithy and others. with the help of contractors and/or by assigning the same to specialized service agency/contractors. Delivery to the customer shall be made by hired truck . v) vi) i) ii) ii) Bottle forming machines.With chimney. Compressors & Vacuum Pump with pipe line. DG set room. b) Electricity . reversal.The raw materials and finished products shall be handled manually with trolleys.operators. Annealing lehr. Mould shop. control panel. iv) v) vi) Machine shop. wheel barrows may be mounted on trolly-tracks. A suitable 13 . regenerating chamber.iv) Glass melting furnace . underground and above ground. Only the Glass melting furnace. Loading platform. Deep Tube well. chimney and all underground work & construction shall be done on the design prepared by the company.
The Coal Ash is collected and used for filling low land. and/or land. Water shall be stored in under ground reservoirs and overhead tanks. bottle testing.sub station with transformer to step down the high voltage current to 240/440 volts with switch room shall be erected. Beside human consumption water shall be needed for cullect washing. Water Service . processing and also for finished goods testing. factory toilets and other uses. Quality Control / Laboratory A laboratory shall be set-up for chemical testing of all incoming materials for proper batch preparation.Water shall be obtained from Deep Tube well and treated for human consumption. DG Set . coal is burnt and the fume & hot air/gas is let into atmosphere through a chimney of proper height as prescribed by the Pollution Control Authorities. Effluent Disposal The process dose not generate as such and/or pollute and/or contaminate air.Stand by Diesel Generators shall be installed to take care of power failure and load shedding. In the process. thermal shock and proper annealing beside employing SQC technique. 14 . bottle for bursting test. water. The laboratory will have facilities for physical testing of finished products-bottles. b) Fire Fighting Arrangement Adequate arrangement for fire fighting shall be made.
15 .Water when used in washing process contains mud & sand. which is not injurious to land or water.
METHODOLOGY 17 .
MAN POWER REQUIREMENT 22 .
PRODUCTION SALES AND CLOSING STOCK 26 .
ANALYSIS 27 .
closing balance gradually increases from 1st year to 7th year. It is observed that. year. A ccording to cost of production and profitability data profitability According to data at production sales and closing stock.CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION 1. It has increases from 200 to 242 duriing 1st year and 3rd Manpower requirement can very between different departments. valuation at closing stock gradually increases through out the gradually increases from 1st year to 7th year. 6. Projected balance sheet provide the information regarding liability and assets. According to working Capital margin expenses increases gradually through out the year. 5. 3. it in observed that. though total assests increases primarily bat thereafter it in gradually reduces. 2. In production department manpower requirement in maximum where as it in workshop or furnace department. 33 . 4. According to projected cash flow statement data. year.
Glass is the only product which has the following features all in one. Brilliant in look. rather emerged. etc. and it has stood the test of time very well. Visible. plastic. Glass Bottles are. CHARACTERISTICS AND SPECIFICATION : The properties of glass as packaging material and superiority over other packaging material is due to a variety of its characteristics like-Glass is a traditional packaging material. Capable of re-use. etc. the craft of Glass making is one of the oldest and Glass has been used over centuries for packing and protection of materials. Being essentially heat non-conductive. Superiority of Glass as packing media due to its various quality has made it survive. as it is :i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) Cheap Hygienic as can be washed with boiling water and/or acids. In India.COMPANY PROFILE & HISTORY OF THE ORGANISATION THE PRODUCT. Chemically inert. stronger facing unprecedental challenges from many other cheaper and convenient packaging. It has been widely in use in many countries. perhaps. It has maintained its 34 . when boiling hot tea is drank. one of the oldest packing media with none to match the unique and salient features. does not burn the lips even Ameanable to fine decorations. Re-saleable etc. storage and holding media made of paper fibre. metal. Stronger.
subject to its own condition. It can be made as strong as steel for special purposes. the glass container is sterlise owing to the very high temperature at which it is made. fibre. it can be further sterilised by autoclaving without the danger of breaking it. STRENGTH : The popular belief that the glass is highly fragile has become a fallacy in recent years. If need. A glass container of average strength can withstand a thermal shock test at 170°F . vapour and liquids permeate through its walls. Even the strongest of chemicals can be stored in glass without running the risk of reaction owing to the neutral property of glass. It does not allow gasses.80°F. plastic and wooden containers. Glass is non-premeable. The contents are visible and it provides a very good consumer appeal to the products and it thus causes impulsive buying. It is absolutely safe from any sort of contamination from outside and the contents would remain intact. Even from sensitive chemicals protection from light rays can be ensured by using Amber or Coloured Glass.superiority in spite of the competition from paper. The clarity of glass is one of its main virtues. These properties are :CHEMICAL: Glass is inert and therefore has barrier properties. metal. 35 . It has no inherent property of action and hence it is compatible with virtually every product and is imperious to attack from within or outside through extended storage and use. When manufactured. The transparency of glass is yet another factor which has made glass unique as a packaging media. Glass is the stiffest material available and has superior vertical strength characteristics. PHYSICAL .
SPECIFICATION : Indian Standards Institution has finalised only a few specifications for glass bottles and Jars.P.P. per sq. USP .II Boro/Silicate Glass Soda lime Glass U. the bottle may not break even at a pressure of 600 Ibs. Cosmetics. Thus glass provides quite a strong protection to the contents. Beer. Aerated Water. as glass is comparatively less susceptible to stress cracking and failure under extereme conditions. i) 1957 ii) iii) 1962 iv) 1962 v) Glass containers for preserved fruits industry ISS : 1494 – 1962 Liquor Bottles ISS : 1662 Bottles for fluid Ink Beer Bottle ISS : 1945 ISS : 2091 . per square inch.III or Soda lime glass is the most common type of glass widely used and accepted out of the 3 types :(i) (ii) (iii) U. inch is easily absorbed by a bottle without giving way. food product.Ordinary Soda Lime bottles can easily stand a pressure of 350 Ibs.III Soda lime Glass The glass bottle is the only packaging media in case where no inhert power or action is required on the product and it is imperative to prevent 36 . Liquor.S. .P. .1961 Aerated water glass bottles ISS : 1107 - For packing of Pharmaceuticals preparation.S. -1 U. In certain cases. Glass bottles can very well withstand the stress and strain of transportation even under the most tiring conditions.S.etc.
the attack on the product which comes out through exended storage and use. etc. Further again where the product is to be kept absolutely away and safe from any mix up with the atmospheric air. glass being permeable is the only answer. could be done and is done. In case where very strong chemicals (Add. gas and/or vapour and also it is desired that no gas vapour and any other liquid should evaporate and/or lick through walls of the container. Alkali.) has to be stored and used. in the glass containers without running the risk of reaction. 37 .
Portfolio and Security Analysis. Macroeconomic Tueery. 4. 2. 3. Corporate Finance. Kohn and Fisher Taylor Jonathon Steward Barnson 38 . Financial Management.BIBLIOGRAPHY :1.