Masterof Business Administration[MBA









Directorate of Distance Education SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY


I recommend that the student (ARUNAVA SARKAR, ROLL NO. 510921925) of MBA taking specialization in FINANCE have undertaken very lively project, under the guidance of Sri NAVIN CHADDA. LIMITED) I am sure that the projects have brought empirical evidence and through original ideas. (SR. ACCOUNTS MANAGER, ANMOL BISCUITS

Date :

Signature of centre head



Undertaken by : ARUNAVA SARKAR ROLL-NO. : 510921925

Towards partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (MBA) From :SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY EDUCATION(CENTRE CODE : 01597)


Kolkata who helped me to conceive the project and providing with knowledge. Without their inspiration and support I would not have the opportunity to present this report. Senior Accounts Manager. (ARUNAVASARKAR) 4 . which will help me in my professional career and even through our best of my life. Anmol Biscuits Limited. I am indebted to my respected sirs for their valuable knowledge and guidance. Arup Kumar Paul. I would like to express my gratitude to the project coordinator Sri Mr………………………………. coordinator for providing the opportunity and motivating me to do my MBA final semester project. who helped me in very respect for doing my project work. information and technical assistance to make it presentable.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am extremely grateful to all the faculty and staff of SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY (Centre code-01597) especially to Mr. I would like to express my deep gratitude to project guide Sri NAVIN CHADDA.

Education(centre code-01597) . Name of the Project Guider Designation : : SRI NAVIN CHADDA Senior Accounts Manager Anmol Biscuits Limited. : 510921925 A student of SIKKIM MANIPAL UNIVERSITY. A University Learning Centre BALLYGUNJ PHARI CENTRE.CERTIFICATE This is to Certify that The Project Work Entitles As “Financial Summary Analysis” Done by ARUNAVA SARKAR ROLL NO. Submitted in partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for The Award of Degree of MBA(Master of Business Administration) Under Sikkim Manipal University. This work is original and their performance was found to be praiseworthy. Kolkata Signature of the Project Guide 5 .

Raw Materials : The raw materials required are (a) Maida. sugar. INTRODUCTION : The report has been prepared with a view to decide the total cost of the project. distilleries & pharmaceutical units as scrap bottles & containers. Kolkata. i) Cullets . The cost of equipments and machineries has been taken as per quotations for standard equipments and as per estimate and quotation obtained from special plant suppliers. Biscuits Manufacturing Unit In West Bengal. flavor. sell to consuming units. Plant & Equipment :The Plant & Machinery required for the unit are standard and are available from the specialized machine supplier in all over india & also from abroad within reasonable price & time . These are easily available indigenously.Financial Analysis Of Anmol Biscuits Limited. There are a number of scrap dealers who collect cullets from Rag pickers and after sizeable quantity. means of finance and to assess the Techno-Economic feasibility of setting of the unit. 6 .These are available from various breweries. This is almost in similar manner as waste paper is collected & sold to mills.

on quota & allotment basis.ii) Soda Ash – (Dense).Allahabad from a number of concerns like Chawla . spares & packing material . v) Other Chemicals are available from local dealers. is available directly from the manufacturer viz.The main fuel is Steam Coal Grade II which is available from Coal India Ltd. Madhya Pradesh and/or Lime stockists 7 . Card Board boxes etc.Sand Co. These are felspar. dealers & others. Calcium Floride. iii) Silica Sand – is procured from Naini. Lime Stone – from Satna. Tuticorin Chemicals and/or from their distributors.. Saurastra Chemicals. Petroleum coke. are available from local market. The items like lubricants.Gunny bags. iv) & dealers. Fuel . Tata Chemicals Ltd. etc.

There has not been major shift from the traditional technology employed through ages. The cullet washing is a process in itself broken glass (cullets) is collected from various centers and supplied to the consuming unit in bulk. washed & without any foreign material).The preparation of raw material is preparing a batch consisting of cullets (broken glass duly cleaned. bottles & pieces of other color glass. and/or polymer. Lime stone/dolomite and other chemicals into a predetermined proportion. forming and thereafter heat-treatment & packing.:Selection & Preparation of Raw Material . Shree Gobinddeo Glass Works Ltd.. forming into bottles & then heat treatment for toughening the bottles. mud etc. The technology of glass melting. The process-is known as Semi-Automatic process of bottles forming by use of blow & blow technique. The workman & technicians who are presently employed by M/S.TECHNOLOGY : The Technology of Glass melting and bottle formation is century old in the country. The total process has a 4 stage working. a Company which has employed 3 generation of a family and established over five decades shall form the team for the unit. 8 a) . It contains dust. viz. These may be in the shape of whole and/or partial broken size. bottles caps made of aluminum. melting. Silica Sand. since inception of batch preparation & feeding is well known to the promoter and its team of technicians. Yet there has been revolutinary changes in the technique of handling.

are cleaned. thereafter is sent to washing unit. The ferrous metal is separated with the help of magnate. The bottle caps rings & other type and color of glass is separated by manual work. The furnace has 3 zones :i) melting ii) refining and iii) holding. where with the help of water jets the mud etc. Here again manual work is involved. The mechanized feeding can be regulated. The glass melting furnace is heated with the gas produced by burning steam coal. The batch is prepared by mixing the raw materials so that the feeding in the furnace is uniform & homogenous .The cullet is first cleaned by sieve to separate dust. and/or can be mechanized. whereas manual feeding lacks evenly feeding. 9 .The batch feeding to glass melting furnace is done manually. The cullet. b) Feeding of batch to Melting furnace .

c) Bottle forming . Jhunjhunwala is the promoter of the scheme. thermal shock resistance chemical durability etc. Administration and other area. There are two moulds needed to form a bottle. d) Heat treatment . The bottles is given desired shape in the 2nd mould. This is done on conveyor belt which travels in the annealing lehr. The bottles are test checked for bursting strength. The bottles thus formed are weak and has to be heat treated to make it tough. The tested and inspected bottles are then packed in corrugated card board boxes/ Gunny bags and are ready for despatch (Refer process chart XH') The Entrepreneur Mr. Satish Kr. He has a well balanced team of technicians.The formed bottles are again heated in the Annealing lehr. These formed bottle are immediately fed to electrically operated annealing lehr. 10 . neck dimensions bore etc.Refined molten glass is picked by hand through Iron Rods and fed to Moulds for formation. He has by now acquired expertise and has full knowledge of the know of all aspect of working of Glass bottle manufacturing unit by semi-automatic technologyroute. Annealing has heating & cooling zones. The bottle is passed through heating zone and then automatically travels to cooling zone. The bottle after passing though the cooling zone comes out at the other end. sales set up. proper & even annealing. and to ensure pressure strength. The bottle at this end are cooled down and can be handled bare handed. He has been associated with Glass & other industries for over two decades. weight and for proper size.

for staff & workmen. DG sets. iii) Back -up services like Air compressors. The place is beyond the bound of CMDA area and the 'Green-Belt. being away from residential area. The labour has to be provided with accommodation for smooth working. Further the place. Glass Bottle forming machine. The place does not come under the restrictions.OBJECTIVE The main aim of the project was to get on idea regarding the technoeconomic – liability of glass bottle manufacturing unit in West Bengal. is being acquired near Uluberia Industrial Estate. works office. Administrative office. staff. 11 . batch room. coal chulahs etc.Annealing lehr. housing complex shall be built unit. iv) Finished go-downs. Mould room. with chimney & other accessory. The data collected from the different department comprise up information on the plant and infrastructural facilities are discussed as followsLand A plot of land measuring 12 bighas. The land will be used for :(a) (b) Erection of Plant and equipment for glass-bottle manufacturing Along side the manufacturing unit. office and other services. stores etc. It may please be noted that Glass Plants work round the cloak and throughout year and therefore it is imperative to have housing for the workmen &. Building Industrial shed measuring approximately 80000 sft. machine shop inspection & packing. ii) For other production & processing facilities . shall be constructed consisting of : i) Shed for Glass Melting furnace. cullect washing & processing.

mixing machine. Plants & Equipments The main plants equipments consist of :i) ii) Cullect . Drains . temple and sufficient open space shall be left for use. These will be built ground place 3 storied. Further place for children play. trollies & other implements. The toilet & bathing space shall be common. Beside above 10/12 staff & officer flats shall be built measuring 800 sft. Various areas shall be separated by walls. cullet crasher etc. trollies. men & machine etc. with incoming raw materials & outgoing finished products. These will be in 2 blocks having ground +2 storied.Beside rain water drains. Batch feeding . Road Drains -Boundry etc.preparation & processing plant having cullet sorting belt.Conveyor belt. The factory will be having boundry wall. iii) washing plant (Drum type) Magnetic separator. Labour & Staff Quarters There will bearound 300 single room tenaments built for accomodating labour.There shall be one big shed to accomodate the above the height of shed at furnace bay shall be high around 24' and the other shall be of normal height of 18'. Road . Batch room . There shall be pucca construction of RCC roofing. proper drainage system shall be constructed to avoid water logging and facilitate working. The finished go-down shall be fully walled & covered. cemented flooring & shall have electric connection. This shall be metallic road on which lorries shall ply. 12 .Weighing machine. gate office and other facilities. Further inside roads shall be constructed for movement of material. brick wall duly plastered. The flooring shall be of brick soling and cemented.Approach road from main road to the factory gate shall be constructed.

Compressors & Vacuum Pump with pipe line. A suitable 13 . Utilities and Service a) Material handling . Only the Glass melting furnace.operators. black smithy and others. wheel barrows may be mounted on trolly-tracks. Mould shop. with the help of contractors and/or by assigning the same to specialized service agency/contractors. chimney and all underground work & construction shall be done on the design prepared by the company. reversal.The raw materials and finished products shall be handled manually with trolleys. underground and above ground. Electrical substation with distribution cable & connection to individual equipment. coal burning chulahs gas feeding tunnels. coal burning & gas feeding device. This will be constructed in-house on the design developed by the company.With chimney. regenerating chamber. Annealing lehr. Support Service Equipments Most of these equipments facilities are available as readymade and/or can be had as per specification. Loading platform. DG set room. control panel. v) vi) i) ii) ii) Bottle forming machines. storage tank. Delivery to the customer shall be made by hired truck .iv) Glass melting furnace . Deep Tube well.The total load needed shall be around 300 KVA which shall be obtained from West Bengal State Electricity Board. b) Electricity . iv) v) vi) Machine shop.

processing and also for finished goods testing. Water shall be stored in under ground reservoirs and overhead tanks. thermal shock and proper annealing beside employing SQC technique. bottle testing. factory toilets and other uses. and/or land. In the process. bottle for bursting test. The Coal Ash is collected and used for filling low land.sub station with transformer to step down the high voltage current to 240/440 volts with switch room shall be erected. coal is burnt and the fume & hot air/gas is let into atmosphere through a chimney of proper height as prescribed by the Pollution Control Authorities. Quality Control / Laboratory A laboratory shall be set-up for chemical testing of all incoming materials for proper batch preparation.Stand by Diesel Generators shall be installed to take care of power failure and load shedding. Beside human consumption water shall be needed for cullect washing. Effluent Disposal The process dose not generate as such and/or pollute and/or contaminate air. b) Fire Fighting Arrangement Adequate arrangement for fire fighting shall be made. The laboratory will have facilities for physical testing of finished products-bottles. Water Service . 14 .Water shall be obtained from Deep Tube well and treated for human consumption. DG Set . water.

Water when used in washing process contains mud & sand. 15 . which is not injurious to land or water.

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2. though total assests increases primarily bat thereafter it in gradually reduces. closing balance gradually increases from 1st year to 7th year. 33 . Projected balance sheet provide the information regarding liability and assets. It is observed that. 6. According to working Capital margin expenses increases gradually through out the year. 4. According to projected cash flow statement data. valuation at closing stock gradually increases through out the gradually increases from 1st year to 7th year. In production department manpower requirement in maximum where as it in workshop or furnace department. It has increases from 200 to 242 duriing 1st year and 3rd Manpower requirement can very between different departments. year. year. 5. A ccording to cost of production and profitability data profitability According to data at production sales and closing stock. it in observed that. 3.CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION 1.

plastic. storage and holding media made of paper fibre. Glass Bottles are.COMPANY PROFILE & HISTORY OF THE ORGANISATION THE PRODUCT. Chemically inert. Glass is the only product which has the following features all in one. metal. as it is :i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) x) Cheap Hygienic as can be washed with boiling water and/or acids. rather emerged. Visible. Capable of re-use. one of the oldest packing media with none to match the unique and salient features. perhaps. Stronger. etc. In India. Re-saleable etc. does not burn the lips even Ameanable to fine decorations. Being essentially heat non-conductive. the craft of Glass making is one of the oldest and Glass has been used over centuries for packing and protection of materials. etc. stronger facing unprecedental challenges from many other cheaper and convenient packaging. when boiling hot tea is drank. It has maintained its 34 . It has been widely in use in many countries. and it has stood the test of time very well. Brilliant in look. CHARACTERISTICS AND SPECIFICATION : The properties of glass as packaging material and superiority over other packaging material is due to a variety of its characteristics like-Glass is a traditional packaging material. Superiority of Glass as packing media due to its various quality has made it survive.

PHYSICAL . metal. fibre. It can be made as strong as steel for special purposes. It is absolutely safe from any sort of contamination from outside and the contents would remain intact. the glass container is sterlise owing to the very high temperature at which it is made. 35 . The transparency of glass is yet another factor which has made glass unique as a packaging media. subject to its own condition. It does not allow gasses. Even the strongest of chemicals can be stored in glass without running the risk of reaction owing to the neutral property of glass. If need. A glass container of average strength can withstand a thermal shock test at 170°F . Glass is the stiffest material available and has superior vertical strength characteristics. plastic and wooden containers. Even from sensitive chemicals protection from light rays can be ensured by using Amber or Coloured Glass. Glass is non-premeable.80°F. The clarity of glass is one of its main virtues. When manufactured. The contents are visible and it provides a very good consumer appeal to the products and it thus causes impulsive buying. vapour and liquids permeate through its walls. It has no inherent property of action and hence it is compatible with virtually every product and is imperious to attack from within or outside through extended storage and use. it can be further sterilised by autoclaving without the danger of breaking it.superiority in spite of the competition from paper. These properties are :CHEMICAL: Glass is inert and therefore has barrier properties. STRENGTH : The popular belief that the glass is highly fragile has become a fallacy in recent years.

USP .III or Soda lime glass is the most common type of glass widely used and accepted out of the 3 types :(i) (ii) (iii) U. as glass is comparatively less susceptible to stress cracking and failure under extereme conditions.P. Glass bottles can very well withstand the stress and strain of transportation even under the most tiring conditions. SPECIFICATION : Indian Standards Institution has finalised only a few specifications for glass bottles and Jars.S.Ordinary Soda Lime bottles can easily stand a pressure of 350 Ibs. Cosmetics.P.S. .S. -1 U. per square inch. Thus glass provides quite a strong protection to the contents.etc. the bottle may not break even at a pressure of 600 Ibs. food product.II Boro/Silicate Glass Soda lime Glass U.P.III Soda lime Glass The glass bottle is the only packaging media in case where no inhert power or action is required on the product and it is imperative to prevent 36 . Aerated Water. i) 1957 ii) iii) 1962 iv) 1962 v) Glass containers for preserved fruits industry ISS : 1494 – 1962 Liquor Bottles ISS : 1662 Bottles for fluid Ink Beer Bottle ISS : 1945 ISS : 2091 . . Liquor. Beer. In certain cases. per sq. inch is easily absorbed by a bottle without giving way.1961 Aerated water glass bottles ISS : 1107 - For packing of Pharmaceuticals preparation.

Further again where the product is to be kept absolutely away and safe from any mix up with the atmospheric air. In case where very strong chemicals (Add. Alkali.) has to be stored and used. etc. 37 . gas and/or vapour and also it is desired that no gas vapour and any other liquid should evaporate and/or lick through walls of the container. in the glass containers without running the risk of reaction.the attack on the product which comes out through exended storage and use. could be done and is done. glass being permeable is the only answer.

Corporate Finance. Financial Management. 2. Macroeconomic Tueery. Kohn and Fisher Taylor Jonathon Steward Barnson 38 . Portfolio and Security Analysis. 3. 4.BIBLIOGRAPHY :1.

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