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INSTALLATION GUIDE

NMC XL

TABLE OF CONTENT
THE SYSTEM STRUCTURE ......................................................................................................................................................... 2
THE FLEXIBLE STRACTURE OF THE NMC-XL SYSTEM ..................................................................................................... 3
THE NMC-XL HARDWARE.......................................................................................................................................................... 4
NMC-XL - MAIN UNIT OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................................... 4
NMC-XL EXPANSION UNIT OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................ 5
LOCAL I/O INTERFACE.............................................................................................................................................................. 7
AC I/O CARD ................................................................................................................................................................................ 8
DC I/O CARD ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9
DIGITAL INPUTS....................................................................................................................................................................... 10
AC OUTPUTS ............................................................................................................................................................................. 11
DC PULSE LATCHING OUTPUTS ........................................................................................................................................... 12
INTERFACE FOR SINGLENET SYSTEM (2 WIRES RTU)..................................................................................................... 14
INTERFACE FOR RADIONET SYSTEM (WIRELESS RTU) .................................................................................................. 15
INTERFACE FOR READING ANALOG INPUTS ...................................................................................................................... 1
INTERFACE FOR PH/EC CONTROLLED INJECTION ............................................................................................................. 1
POWERING THE NMC-XL SYSTEM.......................................................................................................................................... 2
LIGHTNING PROTECTION ......................................................................................................................................................... 5
THE ENCLOSURES USED FOR THE NMC-XL SYSTEM ....................................................................................................... 6
INSTALLATION STEPS................................................................................................................................................................. 7
MOUNTING THE CONTROLLER .............................................................................................................................................. 7
DEFINING THE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................................................... 8
THE NETWORK DEFINITION.................................................................................................................................................. 10
THE HARDWARE DEFINITION............................................................................................................................................... 13
CONNECTIONS DEFINITION .................................................................................................................................................. 14
TEST THE SYSTEM ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16
TEST WIRES BEFORE CONNECTING THE INPUTS/ OUTPUTS ......................................................................................... 16
TESTING THE OPERATION OF INPUTS AND OUTPUTS..................................................................................................... 16
JUST BEFORE START ................................................................................................................................................................. 17
COMMUNICATION OPTIONS WITH THE NMC-XL............................................................................................................ 18
DIRECT RS232 CONNECTION ................................................................................................................................................. 18
HARD WIRED RS485 CONNECTION ...................................................................................................................................... 19
RADIO MODEM CONNECTION .............................................................................................................................................. 20
SPIDER CONNECTION ............................................................................................................................................................. 20
SUPPORTING SOFTWARE TOOLS.......................................................................................................................................... 22
THE NMC-XL LOADER ............................................................................................................................................................ 22
THE NMC-XL SIMULATION SOFTWARE.............................................................................................................................. 23
SPECIAL ACCESSORIES ............................................................................................................................................................ 25
ANALOG INPUTS INTERFACE............................................................................................................................................... 25
RS485 REPEATER WITH OPTO ISOLATION.......................................................................................................................... 26
RS485 BRIDGE ........................................................................................................................................................................... 27
APPENDIX "A" – DECIMAL TO BINARY CONVERTION.................................................................................................. 28
APPENDIX "A" – DECIMAL TO BINARY CONVERTION................................................................................................... 29
APPENDIX "B" – SINGLENET AND RADIONET MAPPING WITH NMC-XL ................................................................. 30
SINGLENET ................................................................................................................................................................................... 30
RADIONET .................................................................................................................................................................................... 37

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INSTALLATION GUIDE

NMC XL

THE SYSTEM STRUCTURE


The following schematic diagram describes the principal structure of the NMC-XL system.

Hardware Layout:
16 OUT / 8 IN
AC

ANALOG UNIT
16 OUT / 8 IN OUTPUT 2 ⇔ 4
AC

AC LOCAL Analog
Interface Interface (local)

DC LOCAL SingleNet RadioNet EC / pH Analog


Interface Interface Interface Interface Interface (RS-485)

16 OUT / 8 IN
DC EC / pH INTERFACE ANA
Single • Dosing channel – up to 6 UN
Net Radio
16 OUT / 8 IN • Dosing booster - 1 3
Net
DC • Main valve - 1 ANA
Single Radio UN
Net
• Water meter - 1
Net 3
• Fert. Meter – up to 6
Single
• EC sensor - 1 ANA
Radio UN
Net
Net 3

Single Radio
Net Net

SingleNet RTU RadioNet RTU ANALOG REMOTE UNIT


OUTPUT 2, 4, 6 OUTPUT 1, 3, 5, 7, 9 INPUT 0 ⇔ 8
INPUT 2, 4, 6 INPUT 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 UP TO 64 INPUTS IN TOTAL

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NMC XL
Communication Layout:

DIRECT RS-232
RS-485
WIRES

CENTRAL

RADIO

PHONE LINE

WIRES CELLULAR

WIRE

CELLULAR

THE FLEXIBLE STRACTURE OF THE NMC-XL SYSTEM


The activities of an irrigation control system depend very much on its ability of reading Inputs and
operating Output commands while the I/O (Inputs/Outputs) devices to be connected to the system
(valves, water meters etc…) may be nearby the controller but also far away. Those devices might
be centralized in one place but in some installation it might be distributed in the field. In some
installations it can be reached by cable (electric wires) and in other installations it has to be
reached by radio communication (wireless). The NMC-XL provides a solution for those
applications.

The heart of the system is the CPU module, which contains all the programs and the necessary
information for controlling all activities of the irrigation system. The CPU uses various types of I/O
interfaces for communicating with the various types of I/O executives that will be chosen
according to the specific requirements. Therefore the structure of the NMC-XL will vary
accordingly.

The above diagram demonstrates the NMC-XL structure with its flexible combination of various
Input / Output management, which can give the right answers in each application.

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NMC XL

THE NMC-XL HARDWARE


The various I/O options will be discussed by describing the various I/O interfaces recognized by
the NMC-XL.

NMC-XL - MAIN UNIT OVERVIEW

1 2 3

5 6 7

TO I/O EXPANSION UNIT MAIN POWER

ITEM DESCRIPTION
Rechargeable battery 12VDC, 7Amp/hr. In AC applications the battery will backup
1. the system memory in case of electrical power interruption. In DC applications the
battery drives the system hardware including the DC Latch output
2. NMC-XL power supply
3. 110-220 / 24VAC, 72VA transformer, generate power to the local AC devices
4. NMC-XL mother board
5. NMC-XL I/O interface, suitable for AC or DC Latch output cards
6. AC or DC Latch I/O card, 8 digital inputs, 16 digital outputs
AC or DC Latch I/O card, 8 digital inputs, 16 digital outputs. This socket may suited
7.
for second I/O board or additional interface (SingleNet, RadioNet etc')

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NMC-XL EXPANSION UNIT OVERVIEW

1 2

4 5 6

FROM NMC-XL MAIN UNIT MAIN POWER

ITEM DESCRIPTION
1. NMC-XL power supply
2. 110-220 / 24VAC, 72VA transformer, generate power to the local AC devices
3. NMC-XL mother board
4. NMC-XL I/O interface, suitable for AC or DC Latch output cards
5. AC or DC Latch I/O card, 8 digital inputs, 16 digital outputs
Socket for additional AC or DC Latch I/O card or for additional interface (SingleNet,
6.
RadioNet etc')

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The motherboard of the NMC-XL may accommodate maximum of 2 local I/O cards, therefore the
maximum number of outputs, and inputs inside the enclosure are limited. The outputs cannot
exceed 2x16=32 and the digital inputs cannot exceed 2x8=16. If more than 32 outputs or 16
inputs are needed, an I/O expansion unit must be used. The I/O expansion unit will contain the
local I/O interface, the I/O cards, a motherboard, and a power supply, which may be AC or DC
depending on the availability of electric source.
The I/O expansion unit can be installed remotely from the NMC-XL, which becomes very useful
when there is a concentration of a large number of I/O devices located away from the NMC-XL.
The following picture shows a remote I/O expansion unit which is powered from the mains and
contains a DC I/O interface and one 16/8 DC I/O card. The connection to the NMC-XL will be by a
2 wired cable connected at the terminals on the motherboard allocated for the remote I/O RS485
communication. Notice the marking P2 and N2 on the motherboard, which indicates that the
communication line has a polarity, P2 is for the positive wire and N2 for the negative one. At the
NMC-XL side, the connection will be through a Bridge board which is a special board for
connecting remote interfaces (see the explanation below about SPECIAL ACCESSORIES).

Beware of the polarity!! The RS485 communication line has a positive wire marked
“P2” and a negative wire marked “N2”. Do not switch between them.

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LOCAL I/O INTERFACE
The interface card of I/O AC or DC is suitable for reading digital inputs and activating local
outputs, which are in the close proximity of the NMC-XL. The interface controls 1 or 2 boards of
16 outputs and 8 inputs as illustrated bellow:

2 5

3 4

ITEM DESCRIPTION
Three indication LEDs. The LED Q indicates the communication between the CPU
and the interface. When the communication functions properly, the red LED will blink
every second (1Hz). The yellow and green LEDs serve the I/O test mode. After
pushing the test button, the interface goes into the I/O test mode. When the yellow
1.
LED Q is constantly ON the outputs are tested, each output will be opened and
closed, each opening and closing will be indicated by a blink of the green LED Q.
During the inputs test the yellow LED Q will blink once per each input being tested
and if a closed contact is detected, the red LED Q will blink as well.
The jumper by which the interface is adjusted to AC or DC I/O cards. The AC / DC
2. selection jumper must be set according to the type of I/O boards used. Normally, AC
I/O cards can only be used in applications which exists constant supply of electricity.
3. Test button
4. Reset button
The address switch by which the interface address is set. Each interface in the
system will have a unique address. The address switch must be set to the address
selected for the particular interface. This address will be later introduced to the NMC-
XL software during the configuration process. The addressing uses a binary coding
as explained below:
ON

5. The value
represented by each 1 2 3 4 5 6
m icro switch 1 2 4 8 16 32

The micro switches are numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Each micro switch according to its
ordinal number represents a value between 1 and 32 as shown bellow.
The address is calculated by summing up the values of the micro switches that are
in the ON position. Appendix "A" supplies a conversion table from binary to decimal
that shows the setting of the switches required for each address.

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AC I/O CARD

7 2

6 3

5 4

ITEM DESCRIPTION
1. Upper floor of I/O card which uses as a wire terminal connections
2. 16 outputs terminal block
"C" is allocated for the digital outputs common. Any 24VAC device must have 1 wire
3. connected to a common terminal. One common can serve a multiple devices only in
cases it was connected to the same I/O card
4. Lower floor of I/O card which uses as the electronic PCB (Printed Circuit Board)
5. The LED indicates existence of 24VAC
"G" is allocated for the digital inputs common. Any pulse device such as water meter,
pressure switch, dry contact, etc' must have 1 wire connected to a common terminal.
6.
One common can serve a multiple devices only in cases it was connected to the
same I/O card
7. 8 inputs terminal block

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DC I/O CARD

ITEM DESCRIPTION
1. Upper floor of I/O card which uses as a wire terminal connections
Capacitor located on the lower floor uses for discharge a 12VDC pulse to a certain
2.
Latch device

All the rest of the items that have been discussed above (for the AC card) are
relevant for the DC card

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DIGITAL INPUTS

FLOAT SWITCH FERTILIZER METER

ƒ The digital inputs receive dry contact sensors; therefore, it has no polarity.
ƒ Each input is connected to the I/O board by 2 wires that may be interchanged.
ƒ Several inputs may share one wire as common; this wire will be connected to any of
the terminals on the inputs terminal block marked by the letter “G” which is allocated
for Inputs common.
ƒ Commons of separate I/O boards cannot be interconnected.
ƒ The maximal length of the wire from the I/O board should not exceed 200 meters.
The wires should be with a cross section of 1.5mm2.

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AC OUTPUTS

VALVE SOLENOID

ƒ AC outputs are activated by 24VAC.


ƒ Each AC output is connected to the I/O board by 2 wires that may be interchanged.
ƒ Several AC outputs may share one wire as common. This wire will be connected to
any of the terminals on the outputs terminal block marked by the letter “C” which is
allocated for outputs common. The thickness of the common wire must take into
consideration the number of solenoids to be activated simultaneously and the power
rating of the solenoids.
ƒ Commons of separate I/O boards cannot be interconnected.
ƒ The thickness of the wires that activate the AC device depends in its distance from
the output card and in its power consumption.
ƒ An output remains activated as long as it is energized.
ƒ Solenoids of normally open valves and normally closed valves will be wired the
same way to the terminal board but will differ in the connection of the command
tubes and might be different in their physical structure.

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DC PULSE LATCHING OUTPUTS

VALVE SOLENOID

ƒ DC latching outputs are activated by pulses of energy and remain in their last
position by magnetic means, therefore it saves energy from the power source.
ƒ Each DC output is connected to the I/O board by 2 wires – red and black of which
the polarity is important. The terminal block of the outputs contains two terminals per
each output, one terminal is marked by the ordinal number of the particular output
and the other by the letter “C”. For normally open valves, the black wire will be
connected to the terminal marked “C” and the colored wire to the terminal marked by
the ordinal number. For normally closed valves, the position of the black and the
colored wires should be interchanged.
ƒ Several DC outputs may share one wire as common, this wire will be connected to
any of the terminals on the outputs terminal block marked by the letter “C” which is
allocated for outputs common.
ƒ Commons of separate I/O boards cannot be interconnected.
ƒ The length of the wires from the I/O board to the DC device to be activated, cannot
be more than couple of tens meters, it differs with the type of solenoid used. The
correct distance should be consulted with the manufacturer.
ƒ An output remains activated as long as it does not receive the opposite command.
ƒ The voltage at the DC output cannot be measured by regular voltmeters because it
exists for a very short period.
For 3 wires solenoid, a converter 2 wires to 3 wires is needed

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INTERFACE FOR SINGLENET SYSTEM (2 WIRES RTU)


When the I/O devices (valves, water meters, etc') are distributed in a large area where the total
cable length is significant (more or less > 2 km, 1.24 mile) than it would be more efficient and
reliable to use a SingleNet system. The SingleNet system uses 2 wires to control all the remote
devices over the farm. That is done by RTU decoders that controls all the remote devices and
transmit/receive the data to/from the NMC-XL. The RTUs (Remote Terminal Units), uses to read
digital inputs and activate DC latch outputs. The RTUs will be placed nearby the devices to be
controlled. A 2 wires cable runs from the RTUs like branches of a tree to the root which is the 2W
interface located near the NMC-XL. Up to 59 RTUs may be connected to the 2W interface. The
NMC-XL may handle several 2W interfaces.

SingleNet RTU

SingleNet RTU

NMC-XL + 2W
INTERFACE Remote device
(e.g. valve)

NMC-XL
SINGLENET INTERFACE

SINGLENET HOST

Jumpers LK1 and LK2 on the SingleNet Host should be positioned to RS-485
which is the upper pins.
The connection to the SingleNet Host must be done with RS485 (2) terminal block.

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INTERFACE FOR RADIONET SYSTEM (WIRELESS RTU)


When remote devices are far away from the controller and using a cable is not efficient and also
expensive, radio communication should be use. The RadioNet interface communicates with the
Radio RTUs (Remote Terminal Units) through the Radio Base transmitter/receiver located nearby
the NMC-XL. The RTU which located in the field will be placed next to the devices to be
controlled. It is essential to have a Line Of Sight (LOS) between the RadioNet Base antenna and
the RTU antenna, otherwise, some RTUs can be turned into repeaters in order to Store & Forward
the communication from/to the NMC-XL. Up to 254 RTUs may be connected to the RadioNet
interface. The NMC-XL may handle several 2W interfaces.

RTU
Store & Forward

RTU

RTU
NMC-XL + RadioNet RadioNet
Interface Host+Base Remote device
(e.g. valve)

NMC-XL
RADIONET INTERFACE

RADIONET HOST

Jumpers LK1 and LK2 on the RadioNet Host should be positioned to RS-485
which is the upper pins.
The connection to the RadioNet Host must be done with RS485 terminal block.

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INTERFACE FOR READING ANALOG INPUTS


The NMC-XL use an Analog input interfaces in order to measure analog signal from a certain
sensor. The analog input card can handle 2 or 4 inputs. The input type is 4-20mAmp or 0-5VDC.
Up to 4 interfaces can be connected to the system unless the NMC-XL is already connected to
different interfaces such as SingleNet, RadioNet, I/O AC, In that case the number of Analog
interfaces will be deducted from the system limitation which is 5 interfaces of any type.

INTERFACE FOR pH/EC CONTROLLED INJECTION


When using a fertigation system such as NetaJet or FertiKit that including EC&pH control, a Fert
Master interface should be use. The Fert Master interface is capable of handling 6 injectors, it is
equipped with a display and key board which enable system calibrations and parameters setting
without the intervention of the NMC-XL. During the injection process, it receives from the NMC-XL
all the required data of a particular process and it executes the injection accordingly. During the
injection process, the NMC-XL communicates with the Fert Master (EC/pH module), receives its
status, readings and capable of changing its parameters. Detailed information about the Ec/pH
control can be found in the “FERTMASTER USER GUIDE”.

The various I/O interfaces are connected to the CPU by an RS485 communication channel
through which they exchange information with the CPU continuously. Different I/O interfaces may
be connected to that communication channel which gives the system its excellent flexibility.

The NMC-XL is capable of communicating with maximum of 5 interfaces

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POWERING THE NMC-XL SYSTEM


The way of powering the NMC-XL system and the remote I/O expansion units, depends on the
existence of continuous electric power supply at the installation site. When electric power supply
is available, the NMC-XL will usually be powered by electricity from the mains, otherwise it will be
powered by solar energy. In both cases, a rechargeable backup battery keeps energizing the
system when the charging source is out, however while DC system can be fully operational when
fed from the battery, the AC systems and its outputs cannot be activated.

The type of the power supply unit suitable for the particular NMC-XL system depends on the
charging source and the type of the system.
Power supply units available:
ƒ AC/DC - powered from the main AC power and used for NMC-XL with no local AC
outputs
ƒ AC/AC,DC - powered from the main AC power and used for NMC-XL with local AC
outputs
ƒ DC/DC - powered by solar energy and used for NMC-XL with no local AC outputs
NMC-XL 16/8 AC and NMC-XL 32/16 AC which activate local outputs of 24V AC
must be powered from the main AC power
The following table shows the various power supply units and the type of rechargeable battery
required for each configuration:
ENERGY AVAILABLE FROM THE MAIN POWER ENERGY SUPPLIED BY SOLAR PANEL
NMC-XL CONFIGURATION Power
Power Supply Battery Transformer Battery Solar panel
Supply
NMC-XL16/8 DC
7 -40Ah 7 -40Ah 10-20W
NMC-XL 32/16DC AC/DC 40VA DC/DC
* ** ***
NMC-XL16/8 DC++ RF
NMC-XL16/8 AC
NMC-XL32/16AC AC/AC,DC 7 Ah 72VA
--- --- ---
NMC-XL16/8 AC++ RF
NMC-XL++ 2W 7-40 Ah
AC/DC 40VA DC/DC 40 Ah 20W
NMC-XL++ 4W *
NMC-XL16/8 DC++ 2W 7-40 Ah
AC/DC 40VA DC/DC 40Ah 20W
NMC-XL16/8 DC++ 4W *
NMC-XL16/8 AC++ 2W
AC/AC,DC 7 Ah 75VA --- --- ---
NMC-XL16/8 AC++ 4W
7 -40Ah 10-20W
NMC-XL++ RF AC/DC 7 Ah 40VA DC/DC
** ***
NMC-XL16/8 DC++RF++2W
AC/DC 7-40 Ah 40VA DC/DC 40 Ah 20W
NMC-XL16/8 DC++RF++4W *

NMC-XL16/8 AC++RF++2W
AC/AC,DC 7-40 Ah 72VA --- --- ---
NMC-XL16/8 AC++RF++4W

* The size of the battery selected depends on the maximum length of power outage anticipated. A fully charged 7Ah battery is capable
of supplying the system consumption for about 30 hours while a 40 Ah battery will be sufficient for about 200 hours without charging.
** The size of the rechargeable battery depends on the light conditions at the project site. A fully charged 7Ah battery is capable of
supplying the system consumption for about 30 hours while a 40 Ah battery will be sufficient for about 200 hours without charging.
*** 10W solar panel gives approximately 1/2 relation, means for every 1 hour of sunlight it will compensate the system for 2 hours
without sunlight.
Therefore in cases where during the irrigation season there are less than 8 hours of sunlight then 20W solar panel is required.

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IMPORTANT NOTICE: A rechargeable battery should never discharge completely. The
battery may suffer a no recoverable damage and when being recharged, its consumption
may be too high and blow the fuse of the charger. Therefore, when long outages of the
charging source are expected, the battery should be disconnected, and before
reconnection, the battery must be checked and if necessary, recharged externally.

NMC-XL POWER SUPPLY:

12 13 14
1

11 10 9 8

ITEM DESCRIPTION
Input for main power 110 or 220 VAC. This terminal block should not be in use when
1.
powering the system via solar panel and battery (12VDC).
2. 2 x 110 VAC outlet for 24 VAC transformer.
3. Input for solar panel.
F3, 12VDC Fuse
4.
F2, Battery charger fuse
5. Input for 24 VAC from 2x110/24VAC transformer
6. Input for 12VDC battery
7. Input for current detection at the AC output. Use for short circuit detection.
8. Main switch
9. Yellow LED Indicates existence of power from the main or from the solar panel
10. Green LED Indicates existence of 12VDC
11. Red LED Indicates existence of 24VAC
12. Line filter protecting from noise
13. F1, Main fuse, 2Amp
14. Protecting from high voltage spikes

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The power supply unit serves also as a trickle charger that keeps the battery at a constant level. It
contains a charge limiter protecting the battery from being overcharged. It is equipped with tools
for detecting low battery, loss of AC power and short circuit at the AC outputs.

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LIGHTNING PROTECTION
In lightning strikes places, the controller might be damaged when using long cables from the
controller to one of its remote unit. Therefore, all the long cables must be protected against
lightning.
The protection circuits contain components that react fast when hit by a lightning, turning into
short-circuit and leads the lightning energy into the ground.
Each lightning protection unit must have a quality connection to the ground (<10 Ohms). The
connection to the ground is done by a thick wire (2.5mm2,14AWG or thicker) connected to a
ground copper rod inserted deeply into the ground.
The following pictures show two types of lightning protection units for both communication and
24VAC power to a remote device
ITEM DESCRIPTION

Uses for protects the RS485 communication line.


That card can be use as a lightning protection
module between NMC-XL and its I/O Expansion units
PC and between NMC-XL and its PC (when using a
PC software.

Uses for protects the lightning from the wires that


connects I/O AC board to the 16 AC solenoids

Notice that the lightning protection boards have one side marked as "Field" or "Line", this is the
side where the cable coming from the field should be connected to. The other side, which is
marked as "Device" is the side where the protected device will be connected to.

Notice also that the RS485 protection board has at both sides of its terminals one terminal, which
is marked by a white rectangle and the other which is not. This is done in order to distinguish
between the “P” (positive) and “N” (negative) wires of the RS485, if “P” was connected to the
white rectangle terminal on one side than the other side of the wire should be connected to the
white rectangle as well.

Although using lightning protection units, the system will never be 100% protected.
There is no protection against a direct hit, the energy of the lightning is too high to be
absorbed by any protection system.

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THE ENCLOSURES USED FOR THE NMC-XL SYSTEM


The NMC-XL controllers can be ordered in one of the two enclosure formats:
PLATIC ENCLOSURE METAL CABINET

Picture is missing

The metal cabinet has a bigger room and therefore it may accommodate additional interfaces,
expansion boards, lightning protection boards and even the SPIDER unit, which will be located in
different plastic box in case of using a plastic enclosure. On the other hand, the metal cabinet is
much heavier, and it is not suitable for being installed on a metal pole in the field.

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INSTALLATION STEPS
Setting up a NMC-XL control system consists of the following steps:

ƒ Mounting the controller and its peripheral equipments


ƒ Defining the system configuration
ƒ Connecting the input/output devices to the controller and the RTUs.
ƒ Testing the system functionality

Any connection or disconnection of components to the system must be done only while
the power switch is turned OFF, otherwise unpredictable damage might be caused.

MOUNTING THE CONTROLLER

The best location for mounting the NMC-XL will be on a wall or a bracket, under a roof protected
from direct sunlight and rain. In cases where the NMC-XL installed in the customer office or in the
pump house, AC power might be available to power the system. However, the NMC-XL can also
be installed outdoors attached to a metal pole by “U” clamps and powered by solar panel and
battery.

If the NMC-XL is DC type which means that it activates DC latching solenoids, all the solenoids
will be installed in the vicinity of the system.

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DEFINING THE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

The configuration definition can be done in two ways: either directly from the NMC-XL control
panel or by using the NMC-XL simulation software that simulates the NMC-XL controller on the
PC.
If the configuration was done by the simulation software, the configuration file should later be
loaded into the NMC-XL controller. For more explanation about the simulation software and the
upload procedure refer to ADDITIONAL SOFTWARE TOOLS.

For starting the configuration process, select Setup in the


main menu, then in the submenu select SYSTEM
CONFIGURATION.
The selection is done by the ENTER key.

Entering into the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION without


inserting a password enables a read only but disable to
change the system configuration. In order to define a new
configuration, a password is required. The password is 139.

Conducting new configuration process with


entering the 139 password will ERASE all
previous settings and accumulated data,
including irrigation programs.

The configuration process consists of three steps:

ƒ Network definition – Defines the hydraulic network structure, the devices to be


controlled and the relation between them.
ƒ Hardware definition – Defines the hardware layout used by the system such as
inputs, outputs, SingleNet RTU, RadioNet RTU and more.
ƒ Connections definition – Defines the connections table that contains the
Inputs/Outputs list of all the physical connection points of the devices defined.

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The example bellow contains a network which will be used for demonstrating the configuration
process. The example demonstrates a system with two water sources "A" and "B" and 8 irrigation
lines marked L1 – L8. Lines L1 to L6 are irrigating field crops, line L7 is a nursery, and L8 irrigates
a palm plantation. The NMC-XL control unit is located at the pump house at source "A" where
electricity is available. The accessories in the vicinity of the NMC-XL, are wired directly to the local
I/O terminal boards at the NMC-XL itself. The accessories of lines L1 to L6 and the second water
source are connected by use of 17 SingleNet RTUs. The connection of the plantation L8 is done
by 2 RadioNet RTUs, and the nursery L7 which contains a large number of valves close to each
other, will be connected by a remote I/O expansion unit.

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THE NETWORK DEFINITION
The network definition process consists of a series of
screens through which the contents and the structure of the
hydraulic network is defined. The screens are arranged in a
vertical order. Use the PAGE DOWN (j) and PAGE UP (i)
keys to move between the screens.

Define the quantities of the main devices comprising the hydraulic network:
Water Source – Up to 6 water sources can be define in the
NMC-XL (A to F), every water source can hold up to 6
irrigation pumps and 1 water meter. Later on, the water
source should be allocated to one or more Irrigation. In the
example above the water source quantity is 2, water source
"A" and "B".
Irrigation Lines – Up to 128 Irrigation lines can be define in
the NMC-XL. Irrigation line can hold a main valve, water
meter, local filter station, local fertigation station, pressure switch protection and up to 200
irrigation valves. Later on, every irrigation line might be allocated to a water source, Central filter
station and central fertigation station (if exists). In the example above the quantity of irrigation line
is 8, L1 to L8.
Central Fert. Sites – Central Fert. Site can hold up to 6 injection pumps, 6 fertilizer meters and 1
booster pump in case of using Venturi injectors. Later on, the Central Fert. Site will be allocated to
1 or more irrigation lines. In the example above, the quantity is 1 Central Fert. Site that serves "L1
to L4", "L7" and "L8".
Central Filter Site – Central Filter Site can hold up to 99 Filter Valves/Stations, 1 Downstream
valve and a Deferential Pressure switch. Later on, the Central Filter Site will be allocated to 1 or
more irrigation lines. In the example above, the quantity is 1 Central Filter Site that serves "L1 to
L4", "L7" and "L8".
Alarm output – A universal output that may operate an external device in case of system alarm.
Satellite output - The satellite outputs are intended to work in conjunction with other outputs. In
the example above there are two valves defined as satellites outputs S1 and S2. Later on, a
condition program should define when or how these outputs should be operated.

The Satellite output can be utilized in 3 ways:


1. A satellite can be attached to any number of outputs in order to have it active as long as
any of the other outputs is active.
2. A satellite can be activated when a certain condition is valid.
3. Condition can be allocated to the status of a certain satellite output. Combining this
feature with feature number 1 is will able to give the status of any outputs that the
satellite is attached to.
Detailed explanation about how can the satellites be utilized, is supplied in the NMC-XL User
Guide.

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Free Water meters –Water meter which is not associated


with any irrigation line. It may be use for general purposes
and accumulations. In the example above there are 2 water
meters installed on the manifolds of the irrigation lines.
Contacts – Contacts can be connect to any "dry contact"
input and can be use later on with a certain condition
program. In the example above there are contacts C1 and
C2 that uses as level sensors of water source A.
Analog input – Can be use for 4-20mA or 0-5VDC input such as pressure sensor, soil moisture
sensor and more. Later on, it can be set with threshold in a certain condition program that might
start/stop irrigation program.
Irrigation Valves - All irrigation lines will initially have this number of valves allocated by default,
the purpose is to assist in the definition of multiple similar lines. Later it can be changed
individually per line.

Water source configuration – When water source has


being used, a number of outputs (usually water pumps)
should be defined and whether there is water meter installed
in the water source.
In the example above Source A has 2 pumps but no water
meter, while source B has 1 pump with water meter installed.

The next step is to define the contents of each and every irrigation lines by using the following
settings:
ƒ Number of irrigation valves in the irrigation line
ƒ Existence of Local Fertigation system in the irrigation line
ƒ In case the line is connected to a Central Fertigation
Site, then the number of the site should be defined
ƒ Existence of Local Filter system in the irrigation line
ƒ In case the line is connected to a Central Filter Site,
then the number of the site should be defined
ƒ Existence of pressure sensor in the irrigation line. If
yes, it should be with "Dry Contact", Normally Open
type.
In order to set a local Fert/Fiter
Site, F2 and F3 on the
keyboard should be use so the
it function as "+" and "-"

The screenshot on the right, represent the configuration


of the example above.

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The next step is defining which water meters, which main valves and which water sources are
used by each irrigation line. The selected water source will be used by default during the definition
of irrigation programs.
The screenshot on the right, represent the configuration of
the example above.

In order to allocate a water


source to irrigation line, F3 on
the keyboard should be use so
the it function as "CHANGE"

The next step is defining the fertilizer sites. For each site, set the number of injectors and for each
injector specify whether it uses a fertilizer meter and/or a booster pump.

In the example above:


ƒ Central Fert Site #1 contains 2 injectors, both
equipped with fertilizer meters and using no booster
ƒ Local Fertilizer Site of irrigation line 5 has the same
definition of Central Fert. Site #1
ƒ Local Fertilizer Site of irrigation line 6 contains 2
injectors, both equipped with fertilizer meters and
using no booster

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The next step is defining the filters sites.

In the example above, there is only one filter site – Central


Filter #1. This filter battery has 4 stations (filter valves), it has
no downstream valve and it uses a Differential Pressure
switch that as a flushing trigger.

The Downstream Valve (D.S.VLV) generally


uses for increasing pressure while flushing. In
case of using this valve, click on F2 and mark it
with "+".

NETWORK DEFINITION HAS BEEN DONE !

PAGE DOWN (j), brings us back to the top screen of NETWORK DEFINITION from which we
can pass through the NETWORK DEFINITION once again or continue to the HARDWARE
DEFINITION by click on F4 ( Æ ) on the keyboard.

THE HARDWARE DEFINITION

The hardware definition starts with specifying the types and the quantities of I/O interfaces utilized
by the system.

The following list contains the various options of I/O interfaces. Specify which type of interfaces
and how many are being used in the system.

In our example:
ƒ There are 2 DC I/O interfaces, one inside the NMC-
XL and the other inside the remote I/O at the
nursery
ƒ There is 1 SingleNet RTU interface (2-wired RTU
int.) communicating with RTU 1 to 17.
ƒ There is 1 RadioNet RTU interface (RF RTU
interface) communicating with RTU 1 and 2

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In the following table we specify the addresses given to each interface by setting the
dipswitches on the various interface boards.

The DC or AC I/O interfaces can drive 1 or 2 I/O boards, therefore when it drives a single board
there will be 16 outputs and 8 inputs (16:8) available and when it drives 2 I/O boards there will be
32 outputs and 16 inputs (32/16) available.

When using the radio RTU interface (RadioNet), ignore the configuration number. Only the
interface address shall be set.

In our example, the hardware layout is as follow:


ƒ Interface DC #1 (on NMC-XL) has 1 I/O board 16/8
(16 outputs, 8 inputs)
ƒ Interface DC #2 (on REMOTE I/O unit) has 2 I/O
boards of 16/8 (32 outputs, 16 inputs)
ƒ Interface #3 is the 2 wired RTU interface (SingleNet)
ƒ Interface #4 is the radio RTU interface (RadioNet)

CONNECTIONS DEFINITION

During the following step we define where each of the outputs and
each of the inputs are going to be physically connected. For each
item we have to supply the address of the interface used for the
connection, the number of the RTU if the connection is through an
RTU or “RTU = 0” otherwise, and the specific location on the board
(RTU board or I/O board)

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ANALOG INPUTS AND pH/EC DEFINITION

Analog inputs in general and pH/EC inputs in particular need a special attention. First, the total
number of analog inputs must be declared at the NETWORK DEFINITION step as shown below:

Declare the total number


of analog inputs.

During the HARDWARE DEFINITION, the type of hardware used for reading the analog inputs
must be defined. When the analog inputs are connected through the 2W RTU or the RF RTU
system, no need to specify any additional hardware, but if a special analog interface or pH/EC
interface are utilized, they must be declared as shown below.

Declare the number of


pH/EC interfaces and
analog interfaces
connected to the NMC-

DURING the CONNECTIONS DEFINITION, for each analog input the adNMC-XLess of the
interface through which it is connected must be specified. For the pH/EC inputs, the rest of the
data will be filled out automatically by the system, but for the other analog inputs it must be
inserted manually to which input terminal in which RTU they were connected. Here we have to
point out that there are two kinds of interfaces for analog inputs: the compact ones for up to 4
inputs and the modular ones that come in batches of 8 up to 64. Notice that in both cases we say
that the analog inputs are connected through RTUs, in case of the compact one, the RTU adNMC-
XLess must be set to 1, and in case of the modular one, the RTU adNMC-XLess will be the
adNMC-XLess of the particular analog board (1 up to 8) to which the specific analog input was
connected.

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TEST THE SYSTEM


TEST WIRES BEFORE CONNECTING THE INPUTS/ OUTPUTS

Prior to the connection of the cables, each pair of wires must be tested for continuity, to make sure
they are whole all the way along. For this test, we twist the wires together at one edge (with the
isolation removed) and measure the resistance at the other edge; it should not be greater than 150
Ohm. A second test is needed to make sure that there is no short circuit or leakage of the isolation
between the wires or to the ground. For this test we leave both edges of the wires disconnected
and measure the resistance between them, and between each of them to the ground. The result
must be grater than 1 Mega Ohm.

TESTING THE OPERATION OF INPUTS AND OUTPUTS

The installation process is not complete before all the outputs and all the inputs are tested and
found functioning properly.

For testing the outputs, we can use the "MANUAL OPERATION" mode that can be activated from
the screen STATUS OF OUTPUTS. In the main menu select
STATUS and then OUTPUT. Push the red function key (F2)
underneath the word "Manual", the cursor changes its form into
a blinking underline "–", now by using the horizontal arrows
ÖÕ, the cursor can be moved to the right and to the left,
enabling selection of outputs from the list. For activating/
deactivating the selected output we use the same function key
(F2) again which is now marked "ON/OFF". The activated
outputs will be marked by the symbol “^”. To exit the manual operation mode the ENTER key is
used.

The status of the inputs is displayed in the screen STATUS/


INPUTS.
Each input that senses a closed contact appears with a "+"
sign.

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JUST BEFORE START


Before starting to use the NMC-XL system for controlling the irrigation, there are still some more
things to do. There is the DEALERS DEFINITION that should be visited in order to do some "fine
tuning" of the system to make it best suit the actual application. Another important thing is the
setting of the CONSTANT parameters without which the configuration process is not complete.
Both of these two subjects are covered in details in the “NMC-XL USER GUIDE”.

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COMMUNICATION OPTIONS WITH THE NMC-XL

The NMC-XL showing above demonstrates the various options of communication with NMC-XL
controllers. Although it is not clear from the picture, it is perfectly possible that there will be several
PCs communicating the controllers from different places. It should be pointed out that a PC may
use several communication channels for communicating the controllers, each controller will be
communicated through the channel allocated for it.

DIRECT RS232 CONNECTION

Suitable for short distance communication (up to 15 meters). At the


NMC-XL side there will be an interface RS232 (see picture) which
is placed on top of the power supply board and the grey cable of
the interface is plugged directly into the serial port of the PC. For
those PC computers or laptops that have got only USB ports and
no RS232 ports, a special converter cable from USB to RS232 is
required (obtainable at computer stores). This mode of communication will be used when the
controller and the PC are within the same room. At the PC the connection map the particular
NMC-XL’S setting should be “Cable”.

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NMC-XL #2 is set to
cable communication

HARD WIRED RS485 CONNECTION


The hard-wired RS485 communication is suitable for use when the distance between the PC and
the NMC-XL is a few kilometers and there is a 2 wired cable connecting between them. Both the
NMC-XL and the PC will require an interface for RS232 communication. Usually the
communication line will be protected on both sides by lightning protection units.
The following picture shows the RS485 PC interface. The connection to the PC will be either by
USB or by RS232 (9 pin) connectors. When using the USB option the interface is powered by the
USB system, but when the RS232 connection is used, the interface must be powered by 12v DC,
the power supply block is usually supplied along with the interface unit. The connection of the 2
wired line that comes from the NMC-XL must take into consideration the polarity of the line-“P” is
the positive and “N” is the negative. At the NMC-XL the 2 wired line is connected to the mother-
board at the terminals marked “PC, P1(positive wire) N1(negative wire)”.

Connection of 2 Connection to PC
wired line from by RS232
the NMC-XLEAM

Connection to PC
Connection of by USB
power supply
12vDC when
RS232 is used

At the PC the connection map the particular NMC-XL setting should be “Cable”.

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RADIO MODEM CONNECTION


The option of radio modems enables communication between
the NMC-XL and the PC without need of cable and without
need for cellular coverage. The system requires two radio
modems, with appropriate antennas both at the PC side and at
the NMC-XL side. At the PC the connection map the particular
NMC-XL’S setting should be “Radio”.

SPIDER CONNECTION
The Spider is a communication device containing inside a cellular GSM modem and a
microprocessor equipped with a key board and display. The Spider fulfills several jobs:
o It provides a communication channel through its GSM modem similar to what was
explained above regarding the cellular modems communication.
o It interrogates the NMC-XL repeatedly and reports about existing problems by
sending SMS messages to specified cellular handsets.
o It may be called from cellular handsets in order to allow execution of some
important commands, such as starting/ stopping programs, opening/ closing
outputs, inspecting statuses, and releasing problems. This feature is available only
through handsets supporting WAP 1.0 or 1.1 protocol.

A single Spider may serve up to 9 NMC-XLS provided that there is a communication cable RS485
connecting between them. The Spider is connected to the NMC-XL by 4 wires, the red and the
black are for powering the Spider (12v DC) and the green and white are for communication by
RS485. The polarity is important. The following NMC-XLawing shows a spider unit connected to 2
NMC-XL controllers.
Obviously, the powering of the Spider may be by external power supply, and not from the NMC-
XL.

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Detailed information about the Spider
Can be found in the SPIDER USER MANUAL.

L N G
+ -
12VDC

Bat
Power supply AC

Communication
NMC-XL #1

110VAC
Trans
COMMUNICATION

110VAC
Trans
CPU Power

12VDC
Solar
LINE BETWEEN

24VAC
Charge

Trans
24VAC

24VAC
out
SPIDER AND NMC-XL
Main M.Board

Remote I/O PC
Extension Out 12 VDC 24 VAC
CONTROLLERS
+ -
P2 N2 P1 N1

Terminal I/O
Terminal I/O
Inputs

Outputs

Inputs
Outputs

MCU AC
24 VAC

24 VAC

SPIDER

P1 N1
L N G
+ -

12VDC
Bat

Power supply AC
Communication

NMC-XL #2
110VAC
Trans
110VAC
Trans
CPU Power

12VDC
Solar
24VAC

Charge
Trans

24VAC

24VAC
out

Main M.Board Extension Out 12 VDC 24 VAC

Remote I/O PC

+ -
P2 N2 P1 N1

Terminal I/O Terminal I/O


Inputs

Outputs
Inputs

Outputs

MCU AC
24 VAC

24 VAC

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SUPPORTING SOFTWARE TOOLS


THE NMC-XL LOADER
The contents of the memory of the NMC-XL controller can be divided roughly into two parts. The
first part contains the software by which the whole system works, this part is called “the software”
and the other part that contains all that was defined by the installer and by the user and contains
also the information generated during the operation of the system, this part is known as
“Configuration”.
There is an important software tool called the NMC-XL LOADER that enables loading by
communication each of the two parts, into the NMC-XL’S memory. This way new software version
and newly defined or updated configurations can be loaded into the NMC-XL when necessary.
The procedure is known as “Downloading”. The NMC-XL LOADER enables also “Uploading”
the existing configuration from the NMC-XL into a file at the PC. This file can later be used for
investigating problems or for being loaded into another unit when the first one needs to be
replaced. Prior to activating the NMC-XL LOADER, the NMC-XL controller must be put into a
loading mode. This is done by holding down the second (from the left) red button F2 and
simultaneously pushing the RESET button (a small white button located at the bottom of the CPU
board) . The NMC-XL responds by 3 short beeps ÈÈÈ. While being in the loading mode the
display is blank and the key board is not functioning.

The NMC-XL LOADER screen has the following appearance:

2)Click on the
1)Select the com port
connect button
through which the
communication to the
NMC-XL will be done.

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If the connection was successful, it will be indicated by the following announcement:

The user may now select the desired action: or

and continue by selecting the desired file and execution of the loading:

REMEMBER: Downloading is from the PC into the NMC-XL, Uploading is from the NMC-XL
into the PC. Download you can both the software and the configuration, Upload you can only
the configuration.
The configuation file may have three types of extensions depending on the way they were
obtained: the can be “.dat”, “.cff”, or “.plc”. the loader recognizes them all. The software file is
always a “.bin” file.

THE NMC-XL SIMULATION SOFTWARE

The NMC-XL SIMULATION SOFTWARE is a program that enables simulating the NMC-XL on the
PC. The simulation software is a very useful tool for demonstrating, training, experimenting and
checking problems. The simulation software has the following appearance:

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The key board of the simulation is used the same way as the key board of the real NMC-XL
controller.

For selecting the desired configuration file, use the File/Open option at the menu bar. The
simulation software will get the same contents as of the NMC-XL from which the configuration was
taken. The user may now experiment with the simulation exactly as if he was doing it on the
controller itself. The only difference is that the real NMC-XL is connected to all the valves and
meters in the field and when a valve opens there will be flow of water or fertilizer. In the simulation,
we can get a similar effect if we activate Configuration/Flow-simulation at the menu bar. The
software will simulate the flow of water meters and fertilizer meters according to the specified
nominal flow, when the valves connected to them are opened. Free water meters will therefore not
get flow simulation because they got no valves belonging to them.

The NMC-XL simulation may also be used for defining a new configuration that can be saved in a
configuration file that can later be Downloaded into the NMC-XL controller.

Another important use of the NMC-XL simulation software is for enabling demonstration and
training of the PC NMC-XL software without needing to have communication to a real NMC-XL
and without needing to have the protection hasp without which the PC NMC-XL software usually
refuses to work. The NMC-XL simulation software helps to overcome these obstacles. For this
purpose, the option Configuration/ Emulation of the menu bar must be activated, prior to starting
the PC NMC-XL software. When this mode is activated, the PC NMC-XL software will
communicate only with the simulation software and not with any other NMC-XL controllers that
may be connected to the PC by communication channels.

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SPECIAL ACCESSORIES
The following paragraph describes 3 special accessories which are all built of the same electronic board but
with different setting of the jumpers onboard they fulfill totally different functions.

ANALOG INPUTS INTERFACE

The first function of the special accessories board is


an interface for up to 4 analog inputs that can be
plugged into the motherboard or connected to the
remote I/O RS485 channel, enables the NMC-XL to
read directly the analog inputs of 4-20 mA. JP12 set for
analog interface
function

The terminal
block of the
analog inputs

Powering by 12v
RS485 DC when the
connection to the board is not
NMC-XL plugged into the
motherboard

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The jumper that decides the functionality of the board to serve as


an analog inputs interface is jumper JP12 that should be set as
demonstrated in the NMC-XLawing to the right.

When the board is plugged into the motherboard it does not


require connection of the RS485 communication cable and the
12v DC supply (see picture above).

The adNMC-XLess switch should be set according to the adNMC-


XLess given to the analog inputs interface during the “Hardware
and connections” definition.

The setting of the other jumpers onboard should be left


unchanged.

RS485 REPEATER WITH OPTO ISOLATION

The second function of the special accessories board is to serve as a repeater in the
communication line of RS485. When serving as a repeater, the connection between the input and
the output of the unit is optic connection only, therefore it supplies good galvanic isolation between
the input and the output lines. This feature helps to overcome problems created by problematic
lines that create communication difficulties.

JP12 set for


Repeater

Inside side Output side


RS485 RS485

The picture above shows the input side and the output side but actually, they can be interchanged.
Once again, the jumper, which defines the functionality of the board and makes it a Repeater, is
jumper JP12. The setting should be in middle position as shown in the NMC-XLawing to the right.

A repeater may be needed in two cases:


When the RS485 line gives poor results and the signal needs strengthening.

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When the system contains several 2 wired interfaces. Except for the first interface, which is fed
directly from the NMC-XL all the others will be fed separately and will have their RS485
communication line isolated by repeaters.

In the second case, we want to eliminate influences between the various two wired lines, therefore
we create galvanic isolation between them. In this case, there is a great importance to the feeding
of the repeater unit with the 12v DC from the side of the output where the 2W interface is
connected and not the side of the input, which arrives from the NMC-XL. Otherwise, we shall loose
the effect of isolation. For this purpose, the repeater board has the ability to be powered either
from the input side or from the output side while the two sides remain galvanically isolated. For
setting the feeding from the output side, the 4 jumpers JP7,JP9, JP10, JP11 should be in right
position (opposite to what appears in the picture above).
The dipswitch in this case functions as a baud rate selector with the following options:
1-2400
2-4800
3-9600
4-14400
5-19200
6-28400

In the NMC-XL system the baud rate used is 9600 baud.

RS485 BRIDGE

The third function of the special accessories board is to serve as a bridge on the RS485
communication line between the NMC-XL and remote interfaces. The bridge is plugged on one
side into the NMC-XL’S motherboard and on the other side it is connected to the remote
interfaces. It is important to set the address switch of the Bridge to an address equal to that of the
interface with the lowest Adress working through the bridge.
The connection of the remote interface line will be to the right side terminals.

JP12 set for


Repeater

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When the bridge is installed externally to Terminals for the


the case of the NMC-XL the 12 V remote interface
terminals will be used for powering and line connection
the P N terminals will be connected to the
P2 N2 terminals of remote I/O at the
NMC-XL motherboard.

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Appendix "A" – DECIMAL TO BINARY CONVERTION

In the following table a switch ON is marked by 1 and a switch OFF by 0.

Decimal address Binary value set by the Decimal address Binary value set by the
Dip Switch Positions: Dip Switch Positions:
123456 123456
1 100000 31 111110
2 010000 32 000001
3 110000 33 100001
4 001000 34 010001
5 101000 35 110001
6 011000 36 001001
7 111000 37 101001
8 000100 38 011001
9 100100 39 111001
10 010100 40 000101
11 110100 41 100101
12 001100 42 010101
13 101100 43 110101
14 011100 44 001101
15 111100 45 101101
16 000010 46 011101
17 100010 47 111101
18 010010 48 000011
19 110010 49 100011
20 001010 50 010011
21 101010 51 110011
22 011010 52 001011
23 111010 53 101011
24 000110 54 011011
25 100110 55 111011
26 010110 56 000111
27 110110 57 100111
28 001110 58 010111
29 101110 59 110111
30 011110 60 001111

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Appendix "B" – SingleNet and RadioNet Mapping with NMC-XL


SingleNet

Step 1: Connect PoleNet to Two-Wire Host

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Step 2: Select Modbus control mode

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Step 3: Configure Linear Mapping

  

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Step 4: Monitor the RTU and make sure they are all available

Step 5: Program
Make sure "2 Wired RTU Interface" is define in the NMC‐XL HARDWARE DEFINITION

Set the interface ID according to the dipswitch position located on the SingleNet Interface (see description bellow) 

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DIP Switch position for RadioNet


Interface ID=2 (see table bellow)

Decimal address Binary value set by the


Dip Switch Positions:
123456
1 100000
2 010000
3 110000
4 001000
5 101000
6 011000
7 111000
8 000100
 

Define system outputs with relation to the SingleNet RTU that communicate with the NMC‐XL via MODBUS 
protocol. 

ƒ The NMC‐XL is capable to operate up to 59 2‐Wires RTUs in one 2‐Wires Interface. For more 
outputs, additional 2‐Wire interface is required. 

ƒ The NMC‐XL software allocates 8 outputs and 8 inputs for every 2‐Wires RTU 

ƒ Every SingleNet RTU contains 2 outputs and 2 inputs 

ƒ The MODBUS protocol is linear, means every single output in the software will be dedicated to 
single output in the SingleNet RTU. The maximum number of SingleNet outputs is limited to the 
number of outputs that has been ordered with the NMC‐XL 2‐Wire interface card 

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E.G. Assuming the system has been ordered with 16 2‐Wires outputs (the outputs number is equal to the inputs 
number, means that 16 inputs are also available). 

System layout: 2 irrigation lines with 5 valves in each will be define as follow. 

Address = 2 (interface ID) 

RTU = 2‐Wire RTU # (will be allocated to SingleNet RTU output) 

Out = 1 ‐ 2 outputs (will be allocated to a MODBUS output) 

NMC-XL 2-Wire SingleNet RADIONET


OUTPUT #
RTU RTU ID # RTU OUT #

1 1
1 01
2 2

1 1
2 02
2 2

1 1
3 03
2 2

1 1
4 04
2 2

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NMC-XL Simple Linear Mapping

Simple Linear Mapping is very straight forward; it simply allocates a continuous block of 64 2-Wire outputs (and
corresponding inputs) so there is a 1:1 correlation to the NMC outputs and inputs.

Eg. If you are using the first 32 RTUs (Address Offset = 0), then:
NMC-XL RTU 1 Out 1 = two-wire Unit 1, port 1,
NMC-XL RTU 1Out 2 = two-wire Unit 1, port 2,
NMC-XL RTU 2 Out 1= two-wire Unit 2, port 1,
NMC-XL RTU 2 Out 2 = two-wire Unit 2, port 2,
NMC-XL RTU 3 Out 1 = two-wire Unit 3, port 1, etc.

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RadioNet

Step 1: Connect the PoleNet to RadioNet Host (Agile Host)

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Step 2: Select Modbus control mode

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Step 3: Clear capture and monitor that all RTUs are present

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Step 4: Program
Make sure "RF RTU Interface" is define in the NMC‐XL HARDWARE DEFINITION

Set the interface ID according to the dipswitch position located on the RadioNet Interface (see description bellow) 

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DIP Switch position for RadioNet


Interface ID=2 (see table bellow)

Decimal address Binary value set by the


Dip Switch Positions:
123456
1 100000
2 010000
3 110000
4 001000
5 101000
6 011000
7 111000
8 000100
 

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Define system outputs with relation to the RadioNet RTU that communicate with the NMC‐XL via MODBUS 
protocol. 

ƒ The NMC‐XL is capable to operate up to 60 RF RTUs in one RF Interface 

ƒ Every RF RTU contains 8 outputs and 8 inputs 

ƒ The RadioNet Base is capable to operate up to 254 RTU 

ƒ Every RadioNet RTU contains 9 outputs and 10 inputs 

ƒ The MODBUS protocol is flexible and can mix any combination as long the NMC‐XL RF 
outputs/inputs doesn't exceed the limitation of the RF interface (upon order) 

E.G. Assuming the system has been ordered with 16 RF outputs (the outputs number is equal to the inputs number, 
means that 16 inputs is also available). 

Scenario 1: The system has full flexibility so every valve in the software has its own output in the field and will be 
associated with a single output in the RadioNet RTU. 

System layout: 2 irrigation lines with 5 valves in each will be define as follow. 

Address = 2 (interface ID) 

RTU = RF RTU # (will be allocated to a MODBUS output) 

Out = 1 ‐ 8 outputs (will be allocated to a MODBUS output) 

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Step 5: Configure Non-linear mapping and start map the outputs and inputs

NMC-XL RF MODBUS RADIONET RADIONET


OUTPUT #
RTU OUTPUT # RTU ID # RTU OUT #

1 1 20200260 1.3

2 2 20200260 2.3

3 3

4 4
1
5 5

6 6

7 7

8 8

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1 9 20200274 1.3

2 10 20200274 2.3

3 11 20200274 2.4

4 12
2
5 13

6 14

7 15

8 16

1 17 20200944 1.3

2 18

3 19

4 20
3
5 21

6 22

7 23

8 24

1 25 20200950 1.3

2 26

3 27

4 28
4
5 29

6 30

7 31

8 32

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1 33   20200912 1.3

2 34   20200912 2.3

3 35   20200912 2.4

4 36
5
5 37

6 38

7 39

8 40

       

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