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NAPOCO, PAULINE Y.

CBET 19-301 P

CHAPTER 4 & 5 OF THE INDOLENCE OF FILIPINOS

CHAPTER 4 DEATH OF TRADE IN THE PHILIPPINES

Cut-off of trading
 Monopoly
 Abuse of land lords (ecnomenderos)
Permission to labor (KASAMA System)
o Absence of encouragement from the government
 no aid for poor crops
 does not seek market for its products
Wrong teaching:
 Why work? If the rich man will not go to heaven.
False teaching of church
 Gambling – promise of sudden wealth
 Discrimination on education
Spaniards insisted to Filipinos:
“The Filipino is convinced that to get happiness it is necessary for him to lay aside his dignity as a
rational creature, to attend mass, to believe what is told him, to pay what is demanded of him, to pay
and forever to pay; to work, suffer and be silent, without aspiring to anything, without aspiring to
know or even to understand Spanish,without separating himself from his carabao, as the priests
shamelessly say, without protesting against any injustice, against any arbitrary action, against an
assault, against an insult; that is, not to have heart, brain or spirit: a creature with arms and a purse full
of gold ............ there's the ideal native!”
Yet Filipinos still have inspirations, he thinks and strive to rise

Filipinos, according to Rizal, are not responsible for their misfortunes, as they are not their own
masters. The Spanish government has not encouraged labor and trade, which ceased after the
government treated the country ' s neighboring trade partners with great suspicion. Trade has
declined, furthermore, because of pirate attacks and the many restrictions imposed by the
government, which gives no aid for crops and farmers. This and the abuse suffered under
encomenderos have caused many to abandon the fields. Businesses are monopolized by many
government officials, red tape and bribery operate on a wide scale, rampant gambling is
tolerated by the government. This situation is compounded by the Church ' s wrong doctrine
which holds that the rich will not go to heaven, thus engendering a wrong attitude toward work.
There has also been discrimination in education against natives. These are some of the main
reasons that Rizal cites as causing the deterioration of values among the Filipinos.

CHAPTER 5 LIMITED TRAINING AND EDUCATION

Causes of indolence can be reduced to two factors(emerged from the people)


 limited training and education of Filipino native
 developed inferiority
 lack of a national sentiment of unity among them
 “A man in the Philippines is only an individual; he is not a member of a nation.”
Education and liberty is the key to solve this issue

According to Rizal, all the causes of indolence can be reduced to two factors. The first factor is
the limited training and education Filipino natives receive. Segregated from Spaniards, Filipinos
do not receive the same opportunities that are available to the foreigners. They are taught to be
inferior. The second factor is the lack of a national sentiment of unity among them. Because
Filipinos think they are inferior, they submit to the foreign culture and do everything to imitate it.
The solution, according to Rizal, would be education and liberty.

AMERICAN REVOLUTION
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt which occurred between 1765 and 1783. The American
Patriots in the Thirteen Colonies defeated the British in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
with the assistance of France, winning independence from Great Britain and establishing the United
States of America.

Early as 1651, the English government had sought to regulate trade in the American colonies, and
Parliament passed the Navigation Acts on October 9 to provide the plantation colonies of the south
with a profitable export market. The Acts prohibited British producers from growing tobacco and also
encouraged shipbuilding, particularly in the New England colonies. Some argue that the economic
impact was minimal on the colonists but the political friction was more serious which the acts
triggered, as the merchants most directly affected were most politically active.