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Chapter 8: Noli Me Tangere Published in Berlin (1887)

Reporters: Rogie M. Fulgencio and Albert Munchang

Noli Me Tangere Publish In Berlin (1887)


 1884
 ''UNCLE TOM'S CABIN"
 authored by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
 Portrays the brutalities of American slave-owners and pathetic conditions of the unfortunate
Negro slaves.

IDEA OF WRITING A NOVEL ON THE PHILIPPINES


Rizal proposed the writing of a novel about the Philippines at the Paterno's residence in Madrid.
January 2, 1884
Approved by:
 Paterno Brother's (Pedro, Maximino, and Antonio)
 Graciano Lopez - Jaena
 Evaristo Aguirre
 Eduardo de Lete
 Julio Llorente
 Melecio Figueroa
 Valentin Vertura
 Those who mentioned will contribute to the proposal of Rizal.
 It not materialize because they did not write anything
 Instead of working seriously, they wasted their time in gambling and flirting with Spanish señoritas.
 Rizal was determined to write alone.

THE WRITING OF THE NOLI


 Toward the end of 1884 he finished about one -half of the novel
 After studying at Central University of Madrid (1885), he finished about one half of the second half
of the novel.
 He finished the last fourth of the novel in Germany.
 He wrote the last few chapters in Wilhelmsfeld in April-June, 1886
 February, 1886, Rizal made the final revisions on the manuscript of the Noli in Berlin.
 He was depressed during this time and almost threw the novel into the fire.
 Years later, he told his good friend and former classmate Fernando Canon “I did not believe that
the Noli Me Tangere would ever be published when I was in Berlin, broken-hearted, weakened,
and discouraged from hunger and deprivation. I was on the point of throwing my work into the fire
as a thing accursed and fit only to die.”

VIOLA, SAVIOR OF THE NOLI


Dr. Maximo Viola
 A rich family of San Miguel, Bulacan.
 Wrote a telegram to Rizal stating that he would come to Berlin.
 Arrived shortly before Christmas Day of 1887
 Was shocked to find Rizal living in poverty.
 He financed the printing of Noli and loaned Rizal some cash for living expenses.
 Rizal deleted passages in his manuscript ,including a whole chapter,"Elias and Salome"
 February 21,1887 Rizal found a printing shop named "BerlinerBuchdruckrei-Action-
Gesselschaft" with the lowest rate of 300 pesos for 2,000 copies of the novel.

RIZAL SUSPECTED AS FRENCH SPY


 Chief police of Berlin - paid a sudden visit to Rizal's boarding house requesting to see his
passport.
 Rizal does not have a passport because during that time, it was possible to travel without a
passport.
 He gave Rizal 4 days to comply with the document, otherwise he would be deported.
 Relationship of France and Germany Were Strained on account to Alsace Germany.
 Beacuse Rizal visit to the villages and little town on rural area it arouse the german authorities
that he was a French Spy.
 Rizal explained to the police chief in Fluent German that he was not a French spy but a Filipino
physician, scientist particularly an ethnologist.
 The police chief was satisfied and allow Rizal to stay freely in Germany.

PRINTING OF NOLI FINISHED


 Day by day, proof-reading the printed pages
 March 21, 1887, Noli Me Tangere came off the press.
 He sent the first copies of the printed novel to his intimate friends; Blumentritt, Dr. Antonio Ma.
Regidor, G.Lopez Jaena, Mariano Ponce, and Felix R. Hidalgo.
 March 29, 1887, he Gave Viola the galley proof soft the Noli carefully rolled with the pen that he
used in writing it.

THE TITLE OF THE NOVEL


 Noli Me Tangere is a Latin phrase which means "Touch Me Not"
 March 5,1887, Rizal wrote to Felix Hidalgo stating the origin of the title.
 "NoliMeTangere" are words taken from the Gospel of St. Luke which signifies "do not touch me."
 Rizal made a mistake. It should be the Gospel of St. John. (Chapter20,Verses13-17)

THE AUTHOR’S DEDICATION


 Dedicated to the Philippines “To My Fatherland

 Noli Contains 63 chapters and an epilogue.

THE NOLI BASE ON THE THRUTH


 Unlike many literary works, it was a true story of the Philippine conditions during the last decades
of the Spanish rule.
 The places, the characters, and situations really existed.
 "I can prove them" - Rizal said.
Characters
 Jose Rizal - Ibbara and Ellias
 Leonor Rivera - Maria Clara
 Paciano - Pilosopo Tasio
 Padre Antonio Piernavieja - Padre Salvi
 Capitan Hilario Sunico (San Nicolas)- Capitan Tiago
 Dona Agustina Medel - Dona Victorina
 Crisostomo Brother's (Hagonoy) - Basilio and Crispin
 Arrogant, Immoral and Anti Filipino Friars - Padre Damaso

MISSING CHAPTER OF THE NOLI


 Elias and Salome (follows chapter 24)

RIZAL’S FRIEND PRAISED THE NOLI


 Blumentritt's Letter -was the most significant congratulatory letter Rizal received.
 Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor wrote to Rizal on May 3,1887 in London.