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Technological University of the Philippines - Taguig Campus

Chemical Engineering Technology Department

General Biology 2
Name: ________________________________ Date: ____________ Section: __________ Score:_______
Identification: Determine the word/s describe by the following sentences. Place the answer besides the
number of the question. Write the answers in lowercase letter

1. This focus on the mating of organisms with desirable qualities.

2. It involves the use of molecular techniques to modify the traits of a target organism.
3. A pre-zygotic isolation mechanism incompatibilities between egg and sperm prevent
4. In this technique, a “gene gun” is used to fire DNA-coated pellets on plant tissues.
5. This technique follows a similar methodology as Heat Shock Treatment, but, the
expansion of the membrane pores is done through an electric “shock”.
6. The first genetically modified organism that was licensed for human consumption.
7. This was developed to incorporate the production of a toxin (i.e. Bt-endotoxin) from
Bacillus thuringensis in corn plants.
8. A reproduction isolation mechanism that involves patterns of courtship are different.
9. The collection of genes in a interbreeding population that includes each gene at a
certain frequency in relation to its alleles
10. The ratio of the number of a specified allele in a population to the total of all alleles at
its genetic locus.
11. Reproductive isolation mechanism where the potential mates occupy different areas or
habitats thus, they never come in contact
12. This principles states that the original proportions of the genotypes in a population will
remain constant from generation to generation, as long as the following assumptions
are met.
13. Groups of interbreeding natural populations that are reproductively isolated from other
such groups.
14. This occurs when members of a population that initially occupy the same habitat
within the same range diverge into two or more different species. It involves
abrupt genetic changes that quickly lead to the reproductive isolation of a group
of individuals.
15. Hybrids are sterile because gonads develop abnormally or there is abnormal segregation
of chromosomes during meiosis

TRUE OR FALSE. Write True if the statement is correct and False if it is not.
1. Fossils give clues about the past.
2. Animals that are extinct are still alive today.
3. Scientists do not know for sure what happened to the dinosaurs.
4. A mold is a cast filled in with sediments.
5. Soft body parts cannot be fossilized.
6. Paleontology is the study of fossils.
7. A wooly mammoth’s footprint is a trace fossil.
8. Distinctive fossils used to determine the ages of rocks are called scale fossils.
9. Saber - toothed tiger is more likely preserved in amber.
10. Fossils are most likely found in sedimentary rocks.
Technological University of the Philippines - Taguig Campus
Chemical Engineering Technology Department
General Biology 2

General Directions: i) The examination is only good for 45 minutes.

ii) Choose the letter of the correct answer and write it in UPPERCASE letters

1. Geologically speaking with reference to the entire history of the earth, the dinosaurs went
A. Shortly after the formation of Earth
B. In the first billion years of Earth’s history
C. In the most recent 2% of the history of Earth
D. Before the first fish formed
2. In a pedigree, a circle represents a(an)
a. Male b. adult c. child d. female
3. Relative to the percent of time dominating the surface of Earth which organisms have the
longest reign?
A. Dinosaurs B. Plants C. Prokaryotes D. Eukaryotes E. Humans
4. What does DNA ligase do during DNA replication?
a. Seals the hydrogen bonds between the 2 strands of DNA
b. Breaks the hydrogen bonds between the 2 strand of DNA
c. Seals the nicks in the sugar-phosphate bonds of one of the new DNA strands
d. Seals the nicks in the sugar-phosphate bonds of one of the old DNA strands
5. The Earth is ________ years old.
A. 6,000 B. 46,000,000 C. 4,600,000,000 D. There is no way to know
6. Strictly speaking, DNA replication leads to
a. 2 new copies of each DNA molecule
b. 1 new copy and one old copy of each DNA molecule
c. 2 copies of each DNA molecule that are each half old and half new
d. 2 copies of each DNA molecule that are both old
7. Understanding geologic time is significant because it helps us
A. Understand humans’ impact on our environment
B. Understand the evolution of organisms over time
C. Understand the possibility for life on other planets
D. Understand the process of evolution
E. All of the above
8. Which organism first dominated Earth?
A. Dinosaurs B. Insects C. Plants D. Fish E. Bacteria
9. What does recombinant DNA technology refer to?
a. The process that produces a DNA fingerprint from a blood sample.
b. The process of cloning an individual.
c. The process of inserting gene from one organism into another
d. The process of identifying a gene sequence
10. The largest division of the geologic time scale is the
A. Eon B. Era C. Period D. Epoch
11. Which BEST describes why an allele is recessive?
a. Recessive alleles are weak alleles
b. Recessive alleles make no functional gene product
c. Recessive alleles are mutated forms of dominant alleles
d. Recessive alleles are rare.
12. The Mesozoic Era was the Age of Reptiles while the current Cenozoic Era is the Age of
A. Mammals B. Birds C. Humans D. Technology
13. When there are 2 alleles for a gene and both make a protein product the alleles are said to
A. Completely dominant
B. Codominant
C. Incompletely dominant
D. Polygenic
14. The layers in sedimentary rocks are also called
A. eras B. epochs C. strata D. gaps
15. What is the name of the enzymes which cut DNA only at a specific sequences?
A. DNA Polymerases
B. Ligases
C. Restriction Enzymes
D. Modification Enzymes
16. The movie “Jurassic Park” got its title from which era?
A. Paleozoic B. Mesozoic C. Cenozoic D. Holozoic
17. Which one of the following characteristics is not necessary in order for an object to be
considered living?
A. Ability to reproduce
B. Ability to grow
C. Ability to move
D. Ability to respond to stimuli
18. During which era were the first land plants formed?
A. Cambrian B. Pre-Cambrian C. Paleozoic D. Mesozoic
19. The nucleotide that is found in RNA but not DNA is
A. Adenine B. Cytosine C. Guanine D. Uracil
20. The era of middle life, a time of many changes on Earth
A. Paleozoic B. Mesozoic C. Cenozoic D. Holozoic
21. When geneticists speak of mutation, they are referring to
A. An adaptation
B. A deformity
C. A change in the DNA sequence
D. A change in the amino acid sequence
22. What is the longest part of Earth’s history where trace fossils appeared?
A. Pre-Cambrian B. Paleozoic C. Mesozoic D. Cenozoic
23. Why are DNA fingerprints useful?
A. When a sample of DNA is cut up with restriction enzymes and separated by gel
electrophoresis, the result is unique for each individual.
B. The impression left behind by a DNA sample is unique for each individual.
C. When a sample of DNA is compared to an individual's fingerprints, you can
distinguish among individuals.
D. When a sample of DNA is amplified with PCR and mixed with DNA Polymerase, a
unique set of fragments are produced for each individual.
24. The geologic time scale is subdivided into 4 groups. List them from the largest to the
A. Eons, periods, epochs, eras
B. Eras, eons, periods, epochs
C. Epochs, periods, eras, eons
D. Eons, eras, periods, epochs
25. The end of this era was believed to be caused by a comet or asteroid colliding with Earth,
causing a huge cloud of dust and smoke to rise into the atmosphere, blocking out the sun.
A. Paleozoic B. Holozoic C. Mesozoic D. Cenozoic
26. Natural Selection may be BEST defined as
A. A difference between populations
B. A difference between individuals
C. A difference in survival between individuals
D. A difference in reproduction between individuals
27. What is an example of a trait
A. Fur color in a mammal
B. Leg length in a bird
C. Flower number in a plant
D. Enzyme production in a fungus
E. All of these
28. What is necessary for natural selection to lead to evolution
A. Individuals have different traits
B. Traits affect reproduction
C. Traits are inherited
D. All of these
29. What enzyme is necessary to convert an RNA sequence back to it's complementary DNA
A. RNA Polymerase
B. DNA Polymerase
C. Reverse Transcriptase
D. Ligase
31. When dogs become overheated, they pant. During panting, blood flow to the tongue
increases and this circulates heat from the center of their body to where it can be dissipated.
This is an example of
A. Metabolism B. Homeostasis C. Adaptation D. Inheritance
32. Which geologic event occurred during the Mesozoic era?
A. Pangaea formed
B. Asteroids killed the dinosaurs
C. The Rocky Mountains formed
D. The Pleistocene Ice Age began
33. Based on the Hardy – Weinberg Principle, the following are the assumption for a genetic
equilibrium except:
a. The population size is very large.
b. Random mating is occurring.
c. Mutation takes place.
d. No genes are input from other sources (no immigration takes place).
e. No selection occurs.
34. This occurs when some members of a population become geographically separated from
the other members thereby preventing gene flow.
a. allopatric b. sympatric c. paretic d. none
35. This is a type of fossil where a preserved wholly (frozen in ice, trapped in tar pits, dried/
dessicated inside caves in arid regions or encased in amber/ fossilized resin)
a. Cast b. Trace c. Petrified d. Original Remains