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1. It is about creating a control and communication system that allows management to

achieve its objectives. (organization)
2. _________ organizations tend towards bureaucracy; that is, they operate extensive
system of rules and regulations to manage the organization. (Large)
3. In this type of organization, the expertise and information are contained within each
specialist function, group or department. (functional)
4. This type of organization may result in competition between departments. (divisional)
5. Modern attitudes to organization design refer to the ___________, which suggests that
the most appropriate form of organization is contingent on the influences on the
organization. (Contingency Approach)
6. Every organization is influenced by its approach to the system of authority that is
commonly referred to as the ______________ of the organization. (Hierarchy)
7. It is an agreement between the owner of the project and a performing organization to
execute a defined scope of work.
Ans: Contracts
8. It is usually referred to as a contractor, but in some instances may be referred to as a
supplier or vendor or seller.
Ans: Performing Organization
9. It refers to the work “that must be performed to deliver a product, service, or result
with the specified features and functions”.
Ans: Scope of Work
10. This term means that all parties to the contract must have a common interaction or
meeting of minds on the terms of the contract, such as contract price, method of
payment, method of dealing with disputes, and work schedule, to name of a few.
Ans: Mutually Binding Agreement
11. This type of contract is used for projects where it is possible to accurately compute
quantities of work prior to assembly or construction.
Ans: Lump Sum Contract
12. Programs are essentially two-dimensional graphs, and in many cases are used as initial,
and sometimes the only planning technique.
13. Network Analysis refers to a number of techniques for the planning and control of
complex projects.
14. Project planning defined as the identification of the project objectives and the ordered
activity necessary to complete the project.
15. Preceding activities those that must occur before others can done.
16. Scope the work content and products of a project or component of a project
17. A document that describes, in words, what cannot be visualized or explained on a
drawing or in a model. Specifications
18. A written or oral agreement that is written in the specifications. Contract
19. A process by which a contractor transfer the rights of construction to another contractor
by legal means. Handover
20. A term used to describe the properties of an owner. Assets
21. Another term for specifications. Specs

True or False

1. Specifications are required during the design stage. True

2. Specifications show the quantity, cost and total expenditure on the project. False
3. Materials and manufacturers’ products are stated in the specifications. True
4. Specifications are required for the handover of the project. True
5. Specs can be used on supporting the project costs. True
6. The specifications are done after the contract has been approved. False
7. Specs are used as a lifeline when there are mistakes in the construction process. True
8. By having specifications, it is possible to build a suite of office masters which would
improve efficiency, provide quality assurance and project consistency. True
9. Specifications are used only at the design phase to support the costing and legitimacy of
the construction plan. False
10. Construction specs are necessary step in a successful project. These documents should
be right for the project to be executed correctly. True


• Types of Organization Structure

1. Functional Organization
2. Division Organization
3. Matrix Organization
4. Hypertext Organization
5. Networks Organization

• Types of Leadership
1. Centralized
2. Decentralized
Types of Specifications
1. Prescriptive
2. Performance
3. Proprietary

Responsible for making the specifications.

1. Owner
2. Architect
3. Engineer

List some contents found in the specifications document.

1. Type of contract to be used

2. performance criteria of the asset
3. quality of the system and products
4. standards to be used
5. products to be used
6. instructions on the intent
7. requirements for installation and testing
8. workmanship.
• What are the evidences in order for a contract to exist?
1. -An offer was made
2. An offer was accepted
3. There was a mutual agreement
4. There was a consideration
5. The subject matter of the contract is legal
6. Both the owner and seller have the capacity to enter the agreement