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SESSION 2019-20
Maximum Marks : 80 Class –X Time : 3 Hours
1. The question paper comprises three sections - A, B and C. Attempt all the sections.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Internal choice is given in each section.
4. All questions in Section A are one-mark questions comprising MCQ, VSA type and assertion-
reason type questions. They are to be answered in one word or in one sentence.
5. All questions in Section B are three-mark, short-answer type questions. These are to be answered
in about 50 - 60 words each.
6. All questions in Section C are five-mark, long-answer type questions. These are to be answered in
about 80 - 90 words each.
7. This question paper consists of a total of 30 questions.

Section – A

1. Consider three elements A, B and C which belong to the second period of the periodic table. The
element B is more metallic than C. The elements A and C respectively lose and gain one electron each
to complete their octets. Examine the given information and arrange the elements in increasing order of
atomic numbers. [1]

2. Quick lime reacts with water to give …………… . [1]

(A) CaOH)2 (B) CaCl2 (C) CaOCl2 (D) CaO

3. Solar energy : The Sun has been radiating an enormous amount of energy. Small part of solar energy
reaches the outer layer of the earth’s atmosphere is absorbed while passing through the atmosphere and the
rest reaches the earth’s surface.
Advantages :
· They directly utilize solar energy.
· They can work satisfactorily even in diffused radiations.
· They need no maintenance.
· They do not cause pollution.

Disadvantages :
· The energy stored in batteries, provides only direct current (d.c.). For devices which require alternating
current (a.c.), d.c. is converted into a.c. This conversion reduces efficiency and increases its cost.
· They are very expensive because the semiconductor materials needed for the solar cell must be very
In a solar cooker as shown, the following arrangements are made. Write one function of each

sun ray being

reflected Mirror

Glass sheet

(A) The box is made of insulating material such as plastic or wood. [1]
(B) The inner walls of the box are painted black. [1]
(C) The box is covered with a transparent glass sheet. [1]
(D) A plane mirror is hinged at an angle at the top of the box. [1]

4. In fishes, single circulation is present in which blood passes once through the heart to supply blood ton
the body. While, in human beings, double circulation is present in which blood passes two times through
the heart to supply blood to body and to lungs.
The following is a schematic representation of the circulatory system of humans.

a Write down the composition of blood in regions labelled 1,2,3 and 4. (Choose between oxygynated
or deoxygenated) [1]
b Write down the direction of flow of blood in regions labelled 1,2,3 and 4. (Choose between away
from or towards the heart) [1]
c Pulmonary circulation links [1]

(i) blood from pulmonary veins to pulmonary arteries

(ii) blood from lungs to heart

(iii) blood in open circulation system

(iv) blood in closed circulation system

d Systematic circulation [1]
(i) carry blood to the left side of the heart
(ii) carry blood to the right side of the heart
(iii) carry oxygenated blood from lungs to heart
(iv) carry red oxygenated blood

5. What happens to the current in short circuit? [1]

(A) reduces substantially (B) does not change
(C) increases heavily (D) vary continuously

6. The change in the focal length of human eye is caused due to [1]
(A) Ciliary muscles (B) Pupil (C) Cornea (D) Iris

7. Which of the following colors is least scattered by fog, dust of smoke? [1]
(A) Violet (B) Blue (C) Red (D) Yellow

8. A plant (parental) bearing red flowers is self-pollinated and two kinds of progeny are obtained: plants
with red flowers and plants with white flowers in a ratio of 3 : 1. Based on this observation which one of
the following statements regarding genes controlling the flower colour is correct?
a) The parental plant had one kind of allele for the flower colour.
b) Two genes control the flower colour.
c) The parental plant had two different alleles for the flower colour.
d) All progeny plants with red flower colour have the same genotype as that of the parent. [1]
In few reptiles, the _____ at which fertilized eggs are kept determines whether the animals developing
in the eggs will be male or female.
(A) temperature (B) pressure (C) place (D) all of the above

9. Which of the following is not a combination reaction ? [1]

(A) Fe + S  FeS (B) CaO + CO2  CaCO3
(C) NH3 + HCl  NH4Cl (D) AgNO3 + NaCl  AgCl + NaNO3

10. Consider the following statements about bases [1]

I. Bases have bitter taste and soapy touch.
II. With carbon dioxide, they form salt and water.
III. The gas evolved with zinc metal extinguishes a lightning splinter.
The correct statement(s) is/are
(A) I and II (B) II and III (C) Only I (D) All of these

11. Which components is being reduced in the given reaction? [1]

CuO + H2   Cu + H2O
(A) H2O (B) Cu (C) H2 (D) CuO

12. The positions of four elements X, Y, Z and P in the modern periodic table are shown below. Which of
the following is the correct order of increasing electronegativity of the elements ? [1]

(A) X < Y < Z < P (B) Y < X < Z < P (C) P < Z < Y < X (D) Z < P < Y < X
In the given reaction,
Na2CO3 + xHCl  2NaCl + CO2 + H2O, the value of x is
(A) 4 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 1

For question numbers 13 and 14, two statements are given-one labelled Assertion (A) and the other
labeled Reason (R). Select the correct answer to these questions from the codes (a), (b),
(c) and (d) as given below
(A) Both A and R are true and R is correct explanation of the assertion.
(B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
(C) A is true but R is false.
(D) A is false but R is true.
13. Assertion : Ethane can be catalytically hydrogenated. [1]
Reason : Ethene contains double bond.

14. Assertion : The 200 W bulbs glows with more brightness then 100 W bulb(Parallel Combination).
Reason : A 100 W bulb has more resistance than a 200 W bulb. [1]

Section – B

15. The pH scale can be used to determine the strength of acid solutions as well as basic solutions by
making use of hydrogen ion concentrations in them. Consider two solutions A and B having pH vlues 3
and 9.5, respectively. [1 × 3 = 3]
(i) Which solution will turn blue litmus red?
(ii) Which solution will turn phenolphthalein from colourless to pink?
(iii) Which of the following substances would have pH less than 7?
(a) Vinegar (b) Antacid (c) Water (d) Soap
(iv) Water is a neutral substance. What colour will you get when you add a few drops of universal
indicator to a test tube containing distilled water?
(a) Green (b) Dark red (c) Blue (d) Yellow

16. (i) Define a universal indicator. Mention its one use.

(ii) Name one salt whose solution has pH more than 7 and one salt whose solution has pH less than 7.
How can you say that pH of a given salt is more than 7 or less than 7 ? [3]
How can ethanol and ethanoic acid be differentiated on the basis of their physical or chemical properties ?
Write 3 methods. [3]

17. Two elements X and Y have atomic numbers 12 and 16 respectively. To which period of the modern
periodic table do these two elements belong ? What type of bond will be formed between them and
why? Also give the chemical formula of the compound formed. [3]

18. (i) What is the function of receptors in human body? [1 + 2 = 3]

(ii) How do muscle cells move?
How are the time and amount of hormone released, controlled? Explain with the help of a schematic

19. (i) What does this diagram signify ? [1.5 × 2 = 3]
(ii) What happens when we move up in a food chain?

20. My sister is in habit of keeping the tap open while brushing her teeth. She loves to bathe under shower.
My neighbour uses hosepipe attached to drinking water supply pipe for washing his scooter and car.
According to me their way of handling the most precious source water is absolutely wrong.
(i) Do you agree with me or not?
(ii) What changes in the above situation can be done to conserve water? [1.5 × 2 = 3]

21. (i) What is menopause?

(ii) Draw a labelled diagram to show the reproductive system in women. [1 + 2 = 3]

22. For the current carrying solenoid as shown below, draw magnetic field lines. Three points A, B and C
are as shown in figure. Find out of A, B and C at which point the field strength is maximum and at which
point it is minimum. [1 + 2 = 3]

23. (i) Give one example of scattering.

(ii) A person is advised to wear spectacles with concave lenses. What type of defect of vision is he
suffering from? [1.5 × 2 = 3]

24. A compass needle is placed near a current-carrying wire. State your observation for the following cases,
and give reason for the same in each case. [1.5 × 2 = 3]
(a) Magnitude of electric current in the wire is increased.
(b) The compass needle is displaced away from the wire.
Section – C
25. Ankit’s teacher taught him that consumption of small quantities of dilute ethanol causes drunkenness.
Intake of even a small quantity of pure ethanol can be lethal. Also, long-term consumption of alcohols
lead to many health problems. [5]
(i) What is the formula of ethanol ?
(ii) State its two properties.
(iii) What happens, when it is heated with excess of conc. H2SO4 at 443 K ?
(iv) What role does conc. H2SO4 play in this reaction ?
(v) Write the chemical equation of the reaction involved and the structural formula of the main product formed.

26. A sweet smelling organic compound (X) having the molecular formula C5H10O2, on treatment with
sodium hydroxide (NaOH) gives a sodium salt of a carboxylic acid, which upon acidification gives
2-methyl propanoic acid and an alcohol (Y). Intake of alcohol (Y) in very small quantities can cause
blindness and finally death. Alcohol (Y) upon complete oxidation gives a carboxylic acid (Z), which is
found in red ants. [5]
(i) Write the structural formula and chemical name of the organic compound (X).
(ii) What is the name of the alcohol(Y) ?
(iii) Name the carboxylic acid (Z), which is found in red ants.
(iv) Which functional group is present in the compound, which is formed upon oxidation of alcohol (Y) in
the liver ?
(v) Write a balanced chemical equation when the organic compound (X) is combined with sodium
hydroxide (NaOH) solution.

27. Demonstrate with an example that traits may be dominant or recessive. Write down Mendel’s law
related to it. [5]

28. (i) What is excretion ?

(ii) How do unicellular organisms remove their wastes ? [1 + 1 + 3 = 5]
(iii) Draw labelled diagram of human excretory system.
(i) Define peristalsis
(ii) Name the enzyme found in saliva and its role.
(iii) Draw labelled diagram of human digestive system

29. List the sign convention for reflection of light by spherical mirrors. Draw a diagram and apply these
conventions in the determination of focal length of a spherical mirror which forms a three times
magnified real image of an object placed 16 cm in front of it. [2 + 3 = 5]

30. What is meant by electric current ? Name and define its SI unit. In a conductor electrons are following from B
to A. What is the direction of conventional current ? what is current if 10 electrons are flow through any
section of the conductor in 1 second. (Charge on 1 electron is 1.6 × 10 coulomb.) [1 + 2 + 1 + 1 = 5]
(a) Write two points which makes difference between electric energy and electric power.
(b) Out of 60 W and 40 W lamps, which one has higher electrical resistance when in use.
(c) What is the commercial unit of electric energy ? Convert it into joules. [2 + 2 + 1 = 5]