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Checklist of Metazoan parasites of fishes from Peru

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ISSN Versión impresa 2218-6425 ISSN Versión Electrónica 1995-1043

REVIEW ARTICLE/ ARTÍCULO DE REVISIÓN


CHECKLIST OF METAZOAN PARASITES OF FISHES FROM PERU

LISTA DE VERIFICACIÓN DE LOS METAZOOS PARÁSITOS DE PECES DE PERÚ


José L. Luque1*; Celso Cruces2; Jhon Chero2; Fabiano Paschoal3; Philippe V. Alves3; Ana C. Da Silva4; Lidia
Sanchez5 & José Iannacone6,7
1
Departamento de Parasitologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 74.540, Seropédica, RJ,
Brazil, CEP 23851-970.
2
Laboratorio de Parasitología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemática, Universidad Nacional
Federico Villarreal, El Agustino, Lima, Perú.
3
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rodovia BR 465 – Km 7,
Seropédica, RJ, Brasil, CEP 23890-000.
4
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Universidade Estadual
Paulista “Júlio de Mesquita Filho”, Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castelanne s/n, Jaboticabal,
SP, Brazil, CEP 14884-900.
5
Departamento de Protozoología, Helmintología e Invertebrados Afines, Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad
Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.
6
Laboratorio de Ecologia y Biodiversidad Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemática, Universidad Nacional
Federico Villarreal, El Agustino, Lima, Perú.
7
Laboratorio de Parasitología. Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas. Universidad Ricardo Palma, Santiago de Surco, Lima, Perú.
*Corresponding author: E-mail: luqueufrrj@gmail.com

Neotropical Helminthology, 2016, 10(2), jul-dic: 301-375.

ABSTRACT

A checklist of all available published accounts of metazoan parasites reported from marine and
freshwater fishes in Peru is provided. This list includes records of 612 different species of
metazoan parasites (including unidentified parasites) belonging to the following groups:
Platyhelminthes (430 total), including Monogenea (175), Cestoda (140), and Trematoda (115);
Crustacea (99); Nematoda (49); Acanthocephala (16); Myxozoa (16) and Annelida (2). These
parasites were reported from 207 fish species in Peru (174 teleost, 31 elasmobranch and 2
unspecified host species). The records of parasites unidentified to the species level (182 of 612),
representing 30% of all species, were also included. Among the fish parasites reported from Peru,
391 were marine, 217 were freshwater and 4 species were found in the both environments, for a
total of 1015 parasite-host associations. The fish species that harbored the highest number of
parasites were Merluccius gayi peruanus Ginsburg, 1954 (32), followed by Paralonchurus
peruanus (Steindachner, 1875) (31), Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782 (31), Sciaena deliciosa
(Tschudi, 1846) (29) and Stellifer minor (Tschudi, 1846) (28), all of which are marine fish. The
parasites with the highest number of records were larvae of the cestodes Adenocephalus pacificus
Nybelin, 1931 (19), larvae of the nematode Anisakis sp. (18), larvae of Contracaecum sp. (17)
and larvae and adults of Lacistorhynchus tenuis (16), all of which were recovered from marine
fish, except for Contracaecum sp. larvae, which were recovered from both marine and freshwater
environments. The parasite diversity in Peruvian fishes seems to be biased by the sampling host
according to researcher interests, but it is also related to the biological features of both the
parasites and the hosts.

Keywords: Biodiversity – Pacific Ocean – Parasites– South American – Neotropics – Parasites – Taxonomy

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RESUMEN

Se proporciona una lista de verficación de todos los registros válidos publicados de los metazoos
parásitos reportados en peces marinos y de agua dulce de Perú. Esta lista incluye los registros de
612 especies diferentes de metazoos parásitos (incluyendo parásitos no identificados) que
pertenecen a los siguientes grupos: Platyhelminthes (430 total), incluyendo Monogenea (175),
Cestoda (140), y Trematoda (115); Crustacea (99); Nematoda (49); Acanthocephala (16);
Myxozoa (14) y Annelida (2). Estos parásitos fueron reportados de 207 especies de peces de Perú
(174 teleósteos, 31 elasmobranquios y 2 especies de hospederos no determinados). Los registros
de los parásitos no identificados a nivel de especie (182 de 612), representando el 30% de todas
las especies, también fueron incluidos. Entre los parásitos de peces reportados de Perú, 391
fueron marinos, 217 de agua dulce y 4 especies se encontraron en ambos ambientes, para un total
de 1015 asociaciones parásito-hospedero. Las especies de peces que albergaron el mayor número
de parásitos fueron Merluccius gayi peruanus Ginsburg, 1954 (32), seguido de Paralonchurus
peruanus (Steindachner, 1875) (31), Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782 (31), Sciaena deliciosa
(Tschudi, 1846) (29) y Stellifer minor (Tschudi, 1846) (28), todos ellos son peces marinos. Los
parásitos con el mayor número de registros fueron las larvas del cestodo Adenocephalus
pacificus Nybelin, 1931 (19), larvas del nematodo Anisakis sp. (18), larvas de Contracaecum sp.
(17) y larvas y adultos de Lacistorhynchus tenuis (16), los cuales fueron recuperados de peces
marinos, excepto las larvas de Contracaecum sp., las cuales fueron recuperados de ambos
ambientes. La diversidad de parásitos en peces peruanos parece estar sesgado por el hospedero
muestreado de acuerdo a los intereses del investigador, sino que también está relacionado con las
características biológicas de los parásitos y de los hospederos.

Palabras clave: América del sur – Biodiversidad – Neotrópico – Oceano Pacífico – ParásitosTaxonomia

INTRODUCTION Peru is an extremely diverse country with


several distinct marine and freshwater
environments. The Peruvian coast borders the
There is currently a consensus that parasites Pacific Ocean and comprises approximately
represent a large fraction of the Earth's total 2500 km, including the Central Peru and
biodiversity (Poulin, 2014), though several Humboldtian marine ecoregions (Spaldin,
questions remain unanswered regarding the 2007), with a fish richness estimated at 705
magnitude of parasite diversity and its species (Froese & Pouly, 2015).
distribution in the world. Luque & Poulin
(2007) noted that studies on the diversity of For freshwater environments, the Peruvian
fish parasites have intensified, but these Amazon, which is well known for its high
organisms remain an underestimated biodiversity, comprises approximately 62% of
component of the total biodiversity in many the country and includes the second-largest
regions of the globe. They also suggested that portion of the Amazon rainforest after Brazil
regional differences may reflect the true (IIAP, 2011). Further, Peruvian territory
biological patterns, which should be includes two biodiversity hotspots with a high
considered when selecting targets for local fish number of teleosts: the Tropical Andes
parasitology research. (between 400 and 600 freshwater fishes, nearly

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40% of which are endemic) and Tumbes- that were not indexed by electronic databases
Chocó-Magdalena (approximately 250 but were known to the authors were also
species of fishes) (Anderson & Maldonado- included. Undergraduate theses and scientific
Ocampo, 2011; Conservation International, meetings do not constitute formal publications
2011). and were thus not considered. Records
published up to May 2016 are included.
According to Froese & Pouly (2015), there are
914 species of freshwater fishes in Peru, The following parasite taxa were included:
suggesting a high diversity of fish parasites as Acanthocephala, Annelida (Hirudinea),
well. However, the literature on this subject is Crustacea (Malacostraca and Maxillopoda),
highly dispersed, and numerous papers have Myxozoa, Nematoda and Platyhelminthes
been published in regional or local journals (Trematoda, Monogenea, and Cestoda).
that are not indexed. Few researchers have
compiled this information, and all have The checklist follows the classification and
focused on marine fish hosts (Tantaleán et al., systematic arrangement proposed by Ahyong
1982, 1985; Luque, 1991; Luque et al., 1991; et al. (2011) for Branchiura and Isopoda; Amin
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). More recently, (2013) for Acanthocephala; Anderson et al.
Luque & Poulin (2007) counted 146 and 485 (2009) and Gibbons (2010) for Nematoda;
freshwater and marine parasite-host Boxshall & Halsey (2004) for Copepoda;
associations from 49 and 98 freshwater and Cohen et al. (2013) for Monogenea; Davies
marine fishes, respectively. (1991) for Hirudinea; Gibson et al. (2002),
Jones et al. (2005) and Bray et al. (2008) for
Here, we provide a checklist of metazoan Trematoda; Khalil et al. (1994) for Cestoda;
parasites that are associated with both marine and Lom & Dyková (2006) for Myxozoa.
and freshwater fishes from Peru, including
detailed information on their locality, habitat, Parasite species are arranged by phylum, class,
site of infection/infestation and life-cycle order and family and are presented in
stage. The information is presented as parasite- alphabetical order, followed by information on
host and host-parasite lists. We have attempted host/locality records, site of
to include information from all published infection/infestation, stage of development,
reports. habitat (freshwater/marine) and references
(between parentheses, in chronological order).
MATERIAL AND METHODS When the taxonomic status of a parasite
species required clarification, the section
“Notes” is included with the relevant
The database was compiled from an extensive bibliographic references.
bibliographical review of metazoan parasites
reported from fishes in Peruvian waters using The names of host species follow Froese &
two approaches. First, a search was performed Pauly (2015). The species of fishes in the host-
through the Zoological Records, Biological parasite list are arranged according to the
Abstracts and Helminthological Abstracts, higher-level classification of Nelson (2006).
Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar, Aquatic Parasite names were updated in agreement
Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts, Biological with the recent literature, but inclusion in the
and Agricultural Index Plus and Scopus, using parasite or host lists does not necessarily imply
a combination of several key words. Second, that authors agree with their validity.
monographs and articles published in Spanish

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RESULTS PARASITE-HOST LIST


PHYLUM ACANTHOCEPHALA
Rudolphi, 1802
A total of 1015 parasite-host associations were Class Eoacanthocephala Van Cleave, 1936
found, including 612 named species (including Order Neoechinorhynchida Southwell &
unidentified ones) of metazoan parasites MacFie, 1925
belonging to the following taxa: Monogenea
(175), Cestoda (140), Trematoda (115), Family Neoechinorhynchidae (Ward, 917)
Crustacea (99), Nematoda (49), Gorytocephalus plecostomorum Nickol &
Acanthocephala (16), Myxozoa (16) and Thatcher, 1971
Annelida (2). Reports of parasites that were not Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus; adult;
identified to the species level constituted 182 intestine; freshwater; Loreto (Schmidt &
of the 612 (30%) species included (Table 1). Hugghins, 1973a; Tantaleán et al., 2005).
Neoechinorhynchus sp.
Three-hundred ninety-one species were Colossoma macropomum, Prochilodus
marine parasites, 217 were freshwater and 4 nigricans; adult; intestine; freshwater;
species were recorded in the both habitats Loreto, Ucayali (Schmidt & Hugghins,
(Table 2). A total of 207 (113 marine, 94 1973a; Tantaleán et al., 2005).
freshwater) species of fishes from Peru have Pandosentis iracundus Van Cleave, 1920
been reported as hosts of metazoan parasites. Aequidens sp., Geophagus steindachneri;
Of them, 174 are teleosts, 31 are adult; intestine; freshwater; Ucayali,
elasmobranchs and 2 are unspecified host Loreto (Tantaleán et al., 2005).
species. The fish species with the highest
number of parasites were the marine fishes Class Palaeacanthocephala Meyer, 1931
Merluccius gayi peruanus Ginsburg, 1954 Order Echinorhynchida Southwell &
(32), followed by Paralonchurus peruanus MacFie, 1925
(Steindachner, 1875) (31), Scomber japonicus
Houttuyn, 1782 (31), Sciaena deliciosa Family Cavisomidae Meyer, 1932
(Tschudi, 1846) (29) and Stellifer minor Paracavisoma impudica (Diesing, 1851)
(Tschudi, 1846) (28). The freshwater fishes Oxydoras niger; adult; intestine;
with the most parasite records were freshwater; Ucayali (Schmidt &
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Linnaeus, 1766) Hugghins, 1973b; Tantaleán et al., 2005).
(11) and Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822),
Potamotrygon motoro (Müller & Henle, Family Diplosentidae Tubangui &
1841), Orestias luteus Valenciennes, 1846 Masilungan, 1937
(each with 9 reports). Parasites with the most Sharpilosentis peruviensis Lisitsyna, Scholz
reports were the larval stage of the & Kuchta, 2015
diphyllobothriidean Adenocephalus pacificus Duopalatinus cf. peruanus; Oxydoras
Nybelin, 1931 (19), larvae of Anisakis sp. (18), niger; adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto
larvae of Contracaecum sp. (17) and adults and (Lisitsyna et al., 2015).
larvae of the trypanorhynch cestode
Lacistorhynchus tenuis (16), all of which are Family Rhadinorhynchidae Lühe, 1912
parasitic in marine fishes, except for Gorgorhynchus sp.
Contracaecum sp., which is parasitic in Anisotremus scapularis, Hemilutjanus
freshwater and marine fish. The localities with macrophthalmos; adult; intestine,
the highest number of records were Lima mesentery; marine; Lima (Tantaleán &
(285), Loreto (148) and La Libertad (120). Lefevre, 2004; Chero et al., 2014d).

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Rhadinorhynchus plagioscionis Thatcher, humeralis, Paralichthys adspersus,


1980 Paralonchurus peruanus, Scartichthys
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gigas, Sciaena deliciosa, Scomber
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone japonicus, Stellifer minor, Trachurus
& Luque, 1993b). murphyi; larvae; liver, mesentery, visceral
Rhadinorhynchus pristis (Rudolphi, 1802) surface; marine; Ica, La Libertad,
Scomber japonicus; adult; intestine; Lambayeque, Lima, Piura, Tumbes
marine; La Libertad (Cruces et al., 2014). (López & Tantaleán, 1985; Oliva et al.,
Rhadinorhynchus sp. 1990; Rivera & Sarmiento, 1990a;
Stellifer minor, Trachurus murphyi; adult; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Cabrera &
intestine; marine; Lima, Lambayeque Tantaleán, 1995; Jara, 1998; Pérez et al.,
(Oliva et al., 1990; Luque et al., 1991; 1999; Llerena et al., 2001; Tantaleán et al.,
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque, 2005; Chero et al., 2014ac; Paschoal et al.,
1998b; Tantaleán et al., 2005). 2015; Iannacone et al., 2015; Tarmeño et
Tegorhynchus sp. al., 2015; Minaya et al., 2016).
Cynoscion analis, Labrisomus philippii, Corynosoma sp.
Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena Brama japonica, Cynoscion analis,
deliciosa, Trachurus murphyi; adult; O d o n t e s t h e s re g i a , P a r a l a b r a x
intestine; marine, Chimbote, La Libertad, humeralis, Paralichthys adspersus,
Lambayeque, Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Paralonchurus peruanus, Prionotus
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Jara & Ponte, stephanophrys, Seriolella violácea,
1995; Oliva & Luque, 1998b; Tantaleán et Stellifer minor, Trachurus murphyi;
al., 2005; Iannacone et al., 2010a). larvae; mesentery, visceral surface;
marine; Lima (Armas, 1983b; Oliva et al.,
Order Polymorphida Petrochenko, 1956 1990; Luque et al., 1991; Luque & Oliva,
1993a; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva &
Family Polymorphidae Meyer, 1931 Luque, 1998b; Tantaleán et al., 2005;
Bolbosoma sp. Iannacone & Alvariño, 2013; Paschoal et
Merluccius gayi peruanus; larvae; al., 2015).
visceral surface; marine; Lima (Chero et Profilicollis altmani (Perry, 1942)
al., 2014b). Anisotremus scapularis, Labrisomus
Corynosoma australe Johnston, 1937 philippii; larvae; gills, intestine; marine;
Labrisomus philippii, Paralonchurus Lima (Luque, 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
peruanus, Sciaena deliciosa, Sebastes 1994; Tantaleán et al., 2005; Iannacone &
capensis, Trachurus murphyi; larvae; Alvariño, 2009b, Chero et al., 2014d;
abdominal cavity, gills; marine; Lima, Paschoal et al., 2015; Cruces et al., 2015).
Piura (Luque & Oliva, 1993b; Oliva, Polymorphus spindlatus Amim &
1999; Oliva & Luque, 1998b, 2002; Heckmann, 1991
González & Poulin, 2005; Tantaleán et al., Orestias agassizii, O. luteus, O. mulleri,
2005; González et al., 2006; Iannacone et O. olivaceus, Orestias sp., Oreochromis
al., 2011b; Cruces et al., 2015). niloticus; larvae; body cavity; freshwater;
Corynosoma obtuscens Lincicome, 1943 Puno (Amin, 1995; Tantaleán et al., 2005;
Cilus gilberti, Coryphaena hippurus, Amin et al., 2010).
Cynoscion analis, Galeichthys
peruvianus, Isacia conceptionis, PHYLUM ANNELIDA Linnaeus, 1758
Labrisomus philippii, Merluccius gayi Class Hirudinea Lamarck, 1894
peruanus, Odontesthes regia, Paralabrax Order Rhynchobdellida Blanchard, 1893

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Family Piscicolidae Johnston, 1865 marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990c;
Piscicolidae gen. sp. Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Cilus gilberti, Labrisomus philippii, 1994).
Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena Bomolochus constrictus (Cressey &
deliciosa; adult; gills; marine; Lima Collette, 1970)
(Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Oliva & Luque, Ablennes hians, Strongylura exilis,
1998b; Iannacone et al., 2011b; Chero et Tylosurus acus acus; adult; gills; marine;
al., 2014c). Piura (Cressey & Collette, 1970; Luque et
Stibarobdella moorei (Oka, 1910) al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; skin; marine; Bomolochus ensiculus (Cressey, in Cressey
Lima (Iannacone et al., 2011a) & Collette, 1970)
Strongylura exilis; adult; gills; marine;
PHYLUM ARTHROPODA von Siebold, Lima, Tumbes (Cressey & Collette, 1970;
1848 Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Class Maxillopoda Dahl, 1956 1994).
Order Arguloida Yamaguti, 1963 Bomolochus nitidus Wilson, 1911
 Mugil cephalus; adult; gills; marine;
Family Argulidae Leach, 1819 Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009c).
Argulus peruvianus Oliva, Durán & Verano Bomolochus sp.
1980 Paralichthys adspersus, Peprilus medius;
Merluccius peruanus; adult; eyes, gills, adult; gills; marine; Lima (Iannacone &
opercule, skin; marine; Lima (Durán & Alvariño, 2008; Iannacone et al., 2012a).
Oliva, 1980; Oliva et al., 1980; Luque et Hamaticolax galeichthyos (Luque & Bruno,
al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). 1990)
Dolops geayi (Bouvier, 1897) Galeichthys peruvianus; adult; gills;
Cichlasoma amazonarum; adult; skin; marine; Lima (Luque & Bruno, 1990b;
freshwater; Loreto (Lo et al., 2011) Luque et al., 1991; Iannacone & Luque,
1993a; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Order Cyclopoida Burmeister, 1834 Hamaticolax paralabracis (Luque & Bruno,
1990)
Family Bomolochidae Sumpf, 1871 Paralabrax humeralis; adult; gills;
Acanthocolax peruensis (Luque & Bruno, marine; Lima (Luque & Bruno, 1990b;
1990) Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Menticirrhus ophicephalus, 1994).
Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena
deliciosa, Stellifer minor; adult; gills; Family Chondracanthidae Milne
marine; Lima (Luque & Bruno, 1990a; Edwards, 1840
Luque et al., 1991; Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Acanthochondria sicyasis (Krøyer, 1863)
Luque, 1994a). Labrisomus philippii, Scartichthys gigas,
Acantholochus nudiusculus (Cressey & Sicyases sanguineus; adult; gills; marine;
Cressey, 1980) Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1983; Luque et al.,
Scomberomorus sierra; adult; gills; 1991; Farfán et al., 1993; Tantaleán &
marine; Northern coastal zone (Cressey & Huiza, 1994; Iannacone & Alvariño, 2011;
Cressey, 1980; Luque et al., 1991; Iannacone et al., 2011b; Iannacone et al.,
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). 2012b).
Bomolochus bellones Burmeister, 1833 Blias prionoti Krøyer, 1863
Strongylura scapularis; adult; gills; Hemanthias peruanus, Prionotus

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punctatus; adult; gills; marine; Northern Schotte, 1983


coastal zone, Piura (Ho, 1970; Luque et A n i s o t re m u s s c a p u l a r i s ; a d u l t ;
al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). mandibular canals; marine; Lima (Luque
Chondracanthus lepophidii Ho, 1974 & Farfán, 1990c; Luque et al., 1991;
Cherublemma emmelas; adult; gills; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
marine; Lambayeque, Northern coastal
zone (Ho, 1974; Luque et al., 1991; Order Siphonostomatoida Thorell, 1859
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Chondracanthus sp. Family Caligidae Burmeister, 1835
Coryphaena hippurus, Merluccius gayi Caligodes laciniatus (Krøyer, 1863)
peruanus; adult; gills; marine; La Ablennes hians, Tylosurus pacificus;
Libertad, Northern coastal zone (Jara & adult; mouth; marine; Tumbes (Cressey &
Díaz-Limay, 1995; Vásquez-Ruiz et al., Collette, 1970; Luque et al., 1991;
2012). Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Protochondria longicauda Ho, 1970 Caligus bonito Wilson, 1905
Hippoglossina bollmani; adult; gills; Sarda chiliensis, Trachurus murphyi;
marine; Lambayeque, Northern coastal adult; gills; marine; La Libertad, Lima,
zone (Ho, 1970; Luque et al., 1991; Northern coastal zone (Durán, 1980;
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Durán & Oliva, 1983; Cressey & Cressey,
1980; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
Family Ergasilidae von Nordmann, 1832 Huiza, 1994; Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995).
Amplexibranchius bryconis Thatcher & Caligus callaoensis Durán, 1980
Paredes, 1985 Cheilotrema fasciatum, Paralonchurus
Brycon cephalus; adult; gills; freshwater; peruanus, Sciaena deliciosa; adult; gills,
Loreto (Thatcher & Paredes, 1985b). internal surface of the operculum; marine;
Ergasilus sp. La Libertad, Lima (Durán, 1980; Luque et
Mugil cephalus; adult; gills; marine; La al., 1991; Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Luque,
Libertad (Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995. 1996; Oliva & Luque, 1998b; Tantaleán &
Huiza, 1994; Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995;
Family Lernaeidae Cobbold, 1879 Iannacone et al., 2010a).
Lernaea gamitanae (Thatcher & Paredes, Caligus cheilodactyli Krøyer, 1863
1985) Cheilodactylus variegatus; adult; gills,
Colossoma macropomum; adult; skin; skin; marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán,
freshwater; Loreto (Thatcher & Paredes, 1990c; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
1985a; Mathews et al., 2011). Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et al., 2003).
Lernaea sp. Caligus coryphaenae Streenstrup & Lütken,
Labrisomus philippii; adult; gills; marine; 1861
Trujillo (Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995). Coryphaena hippurus, Katsuwonus
pelamis; adult; gills; marine; Northern
Family Philichthyidae Vogt, 1877 coastal zone (Cressey & Cressey, 1980;
Colobomatus goodingi Cressey & Collette, Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1970 1994; Vásquez-Ruiz et al., 2012).
Tylosurus acus acus; adult; cephalic Caligus debueni Stuardo & Fagetti, 1961
channels; marine; Piura (Cressey & Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;
Collette, 1970; Luque et al., 1991; marine; Lima (Durán, 1980; Durán &
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Oliva, 1980; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán
Colobomatus quadrifarius Cressey & & Huiza, 1994; Chero et al., 2014b).

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Caligus omissus Cressey & Cressey, 1980 Lepeophtheirus marginatus Bere, 1936
Scomberomorus sierra; adult; gills; Galeichthys sp.; adult; skin; marine; Piura
marine; Northern coastal zone (Cressey & (Shiino & Izawa, 1966; Luque et al., 1991;
Cressey, 1980; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Lepeophtheirus sp.
Caligus pelamydis Krøyer, 1863 Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;
Scomber japonicus; adult; unspecified site marine; Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1980;
of infection; marine; Lima (Oliva et al., Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
2008).
Caligus productus Dana, 1852 Family Dichelesthiidae Milne Edwards,
Katsuwonus pelamis; adult; gills; marine; 1840
Lima, Northern coastal zone (Cressey & Anthosoma crassum (Abildgaard, 1794)
Cressey, 1980; Luque et al., 1991; Isurus oxyrinchus, Prionace glauca;
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). adult; mouth; marine; 08°47'-33°24'S,
Caligus quadratus Shiino, 1954 7 7 ° 0 2 ' - 8 9 ° 3 1 ' W ( C r e s s e y, 1 9 6 8 ;
Paralabrax humeralis, Stellifer minor, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Trachinotus paitensis; adult; gills, mouth;
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Luque & Family Eudactylinidae Wilson, 1992
Farfán, 1990c, 1991a; Oliva et al., 1990; Eudactylina myliobatidos Luque & Farfán,
Luque et al., 1991; Luque, 1996; Oliva & 1991
Luque, 1998b; Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995). Myliobatis chilensis; adult; gills; marine;
Caligus teres Wilson, 1905 Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991c).
Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills; Eudactylina peruensis Luque & Farfán,
marine; Lima (Durán, 1980; Luque et al., 1991
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; gills;
Caligus sp. marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991c).
Coryphaena hippurus, Isacia Nemesis lamna lamna Risso, 1826
conceptionis, Peprilus medius, Sarda Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; gills; marine;
chiliensis, Tylosurus pacificus; adult; 10°28'-33°24'S, 77°02'-89°31'W
gills; marine; Ica, La Libertad, Lima, (Cressey, 1968; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Piura (Chirinos de Vildoso, 1955; Cressey 1994).
& Collette, 1970; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1994; Iannacone & Alvariño, 2008; Jara & Family Hatschekiidae Kabata, 1979
Díaz-Limay, 1995). Hatschekia amphiprocessa Castro-Romero
Gloiopotes huttoni (Thomson 1890) & Baeza-Kuroki, 1986
Makaira sp., Xiphias gladius; adult; skin; Paralabrax humeralis; adult; gills;
marine; Piura (Shiino, 1963; Luque et al., marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990c;
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Gloiopotes watsoni Kirtisinghe, 1934 1994).
Makaira nigricans; adult; unspecified site Hatschekia conifera Yamaguti, 1939
of infection; marine; unspecified locality Brama japonica; adult; gills; marine;
(Cressey, 1967a). Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, 2013).
Lepeophtheirus edwardsi Wilson, 1905
Paralichthys adspersus; adult; skin; Family Lernaeopodidae Milne-Edwards,
marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990c; 1840
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Brachiella sp.
1994). Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;

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marine; Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1980). & Baeza-Kuroki, 1989


Clavella applicata Castro-Romero & Baeza- Anisotremus scapularis; adult; marine;
Kuroki, 1985 Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009b;
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills; Paschoal et al., 2015).
marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán 1990c; Parabrachiella chevreuxii (Van Beneden,
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1891)
1994; Iannaconne & Alvariño, 2009b; Paralonchurus peruanus; adult; gills;
Paschoal et al., 2015). marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990b;
Clavella simplex Castro-Romero & Baeza- Luque et al., 1991; Luque & Oliva, 1993a;
Kuroki, 1985 Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Luque, 1996).
Isacia conceptionis; adult; caudal Parabrachiella exilis (Shiino, 1956)
peduncle, fins; marine; Lima (Luque & Mugil cephalus; adult; gills; marine; Lima
Farfán, 1990c; Luque et al., 1991; (Luque & Farfán, 1990c).
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et Parabrachiella fasciata (Castro-Romero &
al., 2015). Baeza-Kuroki, 1987)
Clavella sp. Cheilotrema fasciatum; adult; gills;
Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; Lima marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990b;
(Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Clavellisa scombri (Kurz, 1877) 1994; Luque, 1996).
Scomber japonicus; adult; gills; marine; Parabrachiella insidiosa (Heller, 1865)
La Libertad, Lima (Cressey & Cressey, Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;
1980; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & marine; Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1980,
Huiza, 1994; Oliva et al., 2008; Cruces et 1983; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
al., 2014). Huiza, 1994; Chero et al., 2014b).
Clavellopsis sp. Parabrachiella kabatai (Luque & Farfán,
Paralonchurus peruanus; adult; gills; 1991).
marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Isacia conceptionis; adult; fins; marine;
Luque, 1996; Oliva & Luque, 1998b). Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991b; Tantaleán
Clavellotis dilatata (Krøyer, 1863) & Huiza, 1994).
Cheilodactylus variegatus, Menticirrhus Parabrachiella menticirrhi (Luque &
ophicephalus, Stellifer minor; adult; gills; Farfán, 1990)
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Luque & Menticirrhus ophicephalus; adult; gills;
Farfán, 1990b; Oliva et al., 1990; Luque et marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990b;
al., 1991; Luque, 1994a, 1996; Tantaleán Luque, 1994a; 1996; Tantaleán & Huiza,
& Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998b; 1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998b).
Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995; Iannacone et Parabrachiella oralis (Castro-Romero &
al., 2003; Iannacone, 2004). Baeza-Kuroki, 1987)
Clavellotis sp. Sciaena deliciosa; adult; gills; marine;
Sciaena deliciosa; adult; gills, palate; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990b; Luque et
marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994;
Naobranchia lizae (Krøyer, 1863) Luque, 1996; Oliva & Luque, 1998b).
Mugil cephalus; adult; gills; marine; Lima Parabrachiella paralichthyos (Castro-
(Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Romero & Baeza-Kuroki, 1986)
Ommatokoita elongata (Grant, 1827) Paralichthys adspersus; adult; gills;
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; eyes, skin; marine; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1990c;
marine; Lima (Iannacone et al., 2011a). Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Parabrachiella anisotremi Castro-Romero 1994).

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Parabrachiella sp. Cynoscion analis, Paralonchurus


Cilus gilberti; adult; gills; marine; Lima peruanus; adult; gills; marine; Lima
(Chero et al., 2014c). (Luque et al., 1989, 1991; Luque & Oliva,
Pseudocharopinoides myliobatides Castro- 1993a; Luque, 1996; Oliva & Luque,
Romero & Baeza-Kuroki, 1987 1998b; Iannacone et al., 2001; Iannacone,
Myliobatis chilensis; adult; gills; marine; 2005).
Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991c). Lernanthropus tylosuri Richiardi, 1880
Pseudocharopinus narcinae (Pillai, 1962) Ablennes hians, Strongylura exilis; adult;
Myliobatis chilensis; adult; gills; marine; gills; marine; Piura (Cressey & Collette,
Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991c). 1970; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
Huiza, 1994).
Family Lernanthropidae Kabata, 1979 Lernanthropus sp.
Lernanthropinus trachuri (Brian, 1903) Cynoscion analis, Sciaena deliciosa,
Seriolella violacea, Trachurus murphyi; Trachinotus paitensis; adult; gills; marine;
adult; gills; marine; La Libertad, Lima La Libertad, Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza,
(Durán & Oliva, 1983; Luque et al., 1989, 1994; Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995).
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Jara &
Díaz-Limay, 1995; Iannacone, 2003). Family Pandaridae Milne Edwards, 1840
Lernanthropus antofagastensis Castro- Achtheinus oblongus Wilson, 1908
Romero & Baeza-Kuroki, 1985 Prionace glauca; adult; skin; marine;
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills; Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991c).
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Luque et al., Dinemoura latifolia (Steenstrup & Lütken,
1989; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & 1861)
Huiza, 1994; Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995; Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; skin; marine;
Iannaconne & Alvariño, 2009b; Paschoal 12°50'-33°24'S, 77°02'-83°31'W
et al., 2015). (Cressey, 1968; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Lernanthropus huamani Luque & Farfán, 1994).
1990 Dinemoura producta (Muller, 1785)
Cynoscion analis, Menticirrhus Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; fins; marine;
ophicephalus, Sciaena deliciosa; adult; 08°47'-33°24'S, 77°08'-83°38'W
gills; marine; Lima, Tumbes (Luque & (Cressey, 1968; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Farfán, 1990a; Luque et al., 1991; 1994).
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Luque, 1996; Echthrogaleus denticulatus Smith, 1873
Oliva & Luque, 1998b; Iannacone et al., Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; skin; marine;
2010a; Minaya et al., 2016). 08°47'-33°24'S, 79°00'-83°38'W
Lernanthropus pacificus Oliva & Durán, (Cressey, 1968; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1982 1994).
Cilus gilberti, Mugil cephalus, Sciaena Echthrogaleus pellucidus Shiino, 1963
deliciosa; adult; gills; marine; La Alopias sp.; adult; skin; marine; 08°47'-
Libertad, Lima, Northen Coastal zone 33°24'S, 77°02'-89°31'W (Cressey,
(Oliva & Durán, 1982; Durán & Oliva, 1967b).
1983; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Gangliopus pyriformis Gerstaecker, 1854
Huiza, 1994; Jara & Díaz-Limay, 1995; Isurus oxyrinchus, Prionace glauca;
Vásquez-Ruiz et al., 2012; Chero et al., adult; skin; marine; 32°02'S, 77°02'W
2014c). (Cressey, 1968).
Lernanthropus paralonchuri Luque, Bruno Pandarus katoi Cressey, 1967
& Covarrubia, 1989 Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; skin; marine;

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08°47'-12°50'S, 81°20'-83°38'W 2010).


(Cressey, 1968; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1994). Family Trebiidae Wilson, 1905
Pandarus satyrus Dana, 1849 Trebius latifurcatus Wilson, 1921
Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; skin; marine; Myliobatis chilensis; adult; gills; marine;
08°47'-33°24', 79°00'-83°33'S (Cressey, Lima (Luque & Farfán, 1991b).
1968; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Pandarus smithii Rathbun, 1886 Class Malacostraca Latreille, 1802
Unspecified host (Chondrichthyes); adult; Order Isopoda Latreille, 1817
skin; marine; Tumbes (Shiino & Izawa,
1966). Family Cymothoidae Leach, 1814
Perissopus dentatus Steenstrup & Lütken, Anilocra huacho Rokicki, 1984
1861 A u x i s t h a z a rd t h a z a rd , C u b i c e p s
Galeorhinus galeus; adult; skin; marine; caeruleus; adult; skin; marine; Lima
unspecified locality (Wilson, 1911). (Thatcher, 2002).
Phyllothyreus cornutus (Milne Edwards, Anilocra laevis Miers, 1877
1840) Unspecified host; adult; unspecified site
Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; skin; marine; of infection; marine; unspecified locality
10°28'-33°24'S, 79°00'-81°31'W (Williams & Williams, 1981).
(Cressey, 1968; Tantaleán & Huiza, Asotana formosa Schiödte & Meinert, 1881
1994). Unspecified host; adult; mouth;
freshwater; Amazon River Basin
Family Pennellidae Burmeister, 1835 (Schiödte & Meinert, 1881).
Metapeniculus anofagastensis Castro- Ceratothoa gaudichaudii (Milne Edwards,
Romero & Baeza-Kuroki, 1985 1840)
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; fins; Cynoscion analis, Mustelus sp., Peprilus
marine; Lima (Luque et al., 1989, 1991; medius, Sarda chiliensis, Scartichthys
Luque & Fárfan, 1990c; Tantaleán & gigas, Sciaenidae gen sp., Scomber
Huiza, 1994; Iannacone & Alvariño, j a p o n i c u s , S t ro m a t e u s s t e l l a t u s ,
2009b; Paschoal et al., 2015). Trachurus murphyi; adult; gills, mouth;
marine; Arequipa, La Libertad, Lima
Family Pseudocycnidae Wilson, 1922 (Chirinos De Vildoso, 1955; Del Solar et
Cybicola buccata (Wilson, 1922) al., 1970; Wrzesinski, 1982; Tantaleán &
Scomberomorus sierra; adult; gills; Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et al., 2001, Oliva
marine; Tumbes (Cressey & Cressey, et al., 2008; Iannacone & Alvariño, 2008;
1980; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Iannacone et al., 2010; Iannacone et al.,
Huiza, 1994). 2012b, Cruces et al., 2014).
Pseudocycnus appendiculatus Heller, 1865 Ceratothoa sp.
Thunnus albacares; adult; gills; marine; Menticirrhus ophicephalus,
Tumbes (Cressey & Cressey, 1980; Luque Paralonchurus peruanus, Scomber
et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). japonicus; adult; gills; marine; Lima
(Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Luque, 1994a;
Family Sphyriidae Wilson, 1909 Oliva & Luque, 1998b; Oliva et al., 2008).
Lophoura unilobulata Castro & Gonzalez, Cymothoa oestrum (Linnaeus, 1758)
2009 Unspecified host; adult; mouth; marine;
Nezumia stelgidolepis; adult; near caudal unspecified locality (Del Solar et al.,
fin; marine; Lambayeque (Gomez et al., 1970; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).

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Cymothoa sp. Mugil cephalus; gills, liver, spleen,


A n i s o t re m u s s c a p u l a r i s ; a d u l t ; intestine, muscles, mesentery, cartilage,
unspecified site of infection; marine; gonads; marine; Ancash, Lima (Luque et
Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009b; al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Paschoal et al., 2015). Myxobolus sp.
Cymothoidae gen. sp. Piaractus brachypomus; skin body, fins;
Stellifer minor; adult; mouth; marine; freshwater; Amazon River basin
Lima (Oliva et al., 1990; Luque et al., (Vásquez, 2014).
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Myxobolidae gen. sp.
Luque, 1998b). Colossoma macropomum; gills, fins;
freshwater; Loreto (Bences et al., 2013).
Family Aegidae White, 1850 Myxosporea gen. sp.
Rocinela sp. Labrisomus philippii, Merluccius gayi
Scomber japonicus; adult; unspecified site peruanus; gills, liver, spleen, intestine,
of infection; marine; Lima (Oliva et al., muscles, mesentery, cartilage, gonads;
2008). marine; La Libertad, Lima, Piura (Okada
et al., 1981; Iannacone et al., 2011b).
PHYLUM MYXOZOA Grassé, 1970 Thelohanellus sp.
Class Myxosporea Bütschli, 1881 Carassius auratus; gills; freshwater;
Lima (Gonzáles-Fernández, 2012a).
Myxosporea fam. gen. sp.
C re n i c i c h l a a n t h u r u s ; t e g u m e n t ; Order Multivalvulida Shulman, 1959
freshwater; Amazon River basin
(Aguinaga et al., 2015). Family Kudoidae Meglitsch, 1960
Kudoa caudata Kovaleva & Gaevskaya,
Order Bivalvulida Shulman, 1959 1983
Scomber japonicus; muscles; marine;
Family Ceratomyxidae Doflein, 1899 Southeastern Pacific Ocean (Kovaleva &
Ceratomyxa limensis Verano, Llican & Gaevskaya, 1983; Eiras et al., 2014).
Terán, 1998 Kudoa estela Verano, 1987
Merluccius gayi peruanus; gallbladder; Prionotus stephanophrys; muscles;
marine; Lima, Piura (Verano et al., 1998). marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Ceratomyxa sp. Note: This species appeared for the first
Menticirrhus ophicephalus; gallbladder; time in an unpublished doctoral
marine; Lima (Gonzáles & Tam, 1993). dissertation (Verano, 1987), that
nomenclaturally does not constitute valid
Family Myxidiidae Thélohan, 1892 publication, so the name only became
Zschokkella sp. available with publication at work of
Carassius auratus; vesícula biliar; Tantaleán & Huiza (1994).
freshwater; Lima (Gonzáles-Fernández, Kudoa peruviana Mateo, 1972
2012a). Merluccius gayi peruanus; muscles;
marine; Ancash, La Libertad, Lima, Piura
Family Myxobolidae Thélohan, 1892 (Durán & Oliva, 1980; Luque et al., 1991;
Henneguya sp. Jara & Escalante, 1993; Tantaleán &
Paralonchurus peruanus; mesentery; Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Ballón, 2002; Eiras
marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). et al., 2014; Chero et al., 2015a).
Myxobolus exiguus Thélohan, 1895

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Kudoa sarmientae Verano, 1987 Coryphaena hippurus, Sarda chiliensis,


Odontesthes regia; muscles; marine; Scomber japonicus, Trachurus murphyi,
Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). larvae; mesentery; marine; Lima (Pérez et
Note: This species appeared for the first al., 1999; Sarmiento et al., 1999; Llerena
time in an unpublished doctoral et al., 2001; Cabrera & Trillo-Altamirano,
d i s s e r t a t i o n ( Ve r a n o 1 9 8 7 ) , t h a t 2004).
nomenclaturally does not constitute valid Anisakis simplex (Rudolphi, 1809)
publication, so the name only became Merluccius gayi peruanus, Scomber
available with publication at work of japonicus, Trachurus murphyi; larvae;
Tantaleán & Huiza (1994). liver, mesentery, visceral surface; marine;
Kudoa sciaenae Terán, Llicán & Luque, La Libertad, Lima (Pérez et al., 1999;
1990 Sarmiento et al., 1999; Llerena et al.,
Cheilotrema fasciatum, Paralonchurus 2001; Oliva & Ballón, 2002; Chero et al.,
peruanus, Sciaena deliciosa, Stellifer 2014b).
minor; muscles; marine; Lima (Terán et Anisakis sp.
al., 1990; Luque et al., 1991; Oliva et al., Cilus gilberti, Coryphaena hippurus,
1992; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Eiras et Cynoscion analis, Galeichthys
al., 2014). peruvianus, Merluccius gayi peruanus,
Kudoa sp. Mustelus dorsalis, Paralichthys
Odontesthes regia; muscles; marine; adspersus, Paralonchurus peruanus,
Northern coastal zone (Escalante et al., Peprilus snyderi, Prionace glauca,
1982c; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Sardinops sagax, Sciaena deliciosa,
Huiza, 1994). Sciaena wieneri, Scomber japonicus,
Scorpaena russula, Seriolella violacea,
PHYLUM NEMATODA Rudolphi, 1808 Stellifer minor; Trachurus murphyi;
Class Adenophorea Linstow, 1905 larvae; liver, mesentery, stomach, viscera,
Order Enoplida Filipjev, 1929 visceral surface; marine; Ica, La Libertad,
Lambayeque, Lima, Northen Coastal
Family Capillariidae Railliet, 1915 zone (Tantaleán, 1972; Tantaleán &
Capillaria sp. Huiza, 1994; Durán & Oliva, 1980;
Brycon cephalus, Poecilia reticulata; Melendez & Vasquez, 1981; Luque et al.,
adult; intestine; freshwater; Ucayali 1991; Cabrera, 1994; Jara, 1998;
(Tantaleán et al., 1985a; Sarmiento et al., Sarmiento et al., 199; Llerena et al., 2001;
1999). Oliva et al., 2008; Vásquez-Ruiz et al.,
2012; Chero et al., 2014a; Ñacari &
Class Secernentea Linstow, 1905 Sánchez, 2014).
Order Ascaridida Skrjabin & Shulz, 1940 Contracaecum multipapillatum (Drasche,
1882)
Family Anisakidae (Railliet & Henry, Mugil cephalus; larvae; mesentery;
1912) marine; Lima, Northen Coastal zone
Acanthocheilus bicuspis (Wedl, 1855) (Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009c; Vásquez-
Mustelus dorsalis, M. mento, Triakis Ruiz et al., 2012).
maculata; adult; stomach; marine; La Contracaecum sp.
Libertad, Lima, Piura (Tantaleán, 1991; A e q u i d e n s r i v u l a t u s ; A s t ro n o t u s
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Sarmiento et ocellatus; Brama japonica, Brycon
al., 1999). atrocaudatus, Coryphaena hippurus,
Anisakis physeteris (Baylis, 1923) Ethmidium maculatum, Merluccius gayi

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peruanus, Mugil cephalus, Mugil curema, freshwater; Ucayali (Tantaleán et al.,


Oreochromis niloticus, Orestias albus, O. 1985a; Sarmiento et al., 1999).
luteus, Paralichthys adspersus, Sardinops Raphidascaris sp.
sagax, Scomber japonicus, Trachurus Cilus gilberti; adult; intestine; marine;
murphyi, Trichomycterus dispar; larvae; Lima (Chero et al., 2014c).
kidney, mesentery, muscles, visceral
surface; freshwater, marine; Ancash, Ica, Family Cosmocercidae Railliet, 1916
La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Perunema escomeli Mateo, 1970
Piura, Puno (Armas, 1979; López & Odontesthes bonariensis; adult; intestine;
Tantaleán, 1985; Tantaleán et al., 1985a; freshwater; Puno (Mateo, 1970).
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Note: This genus was considered as genus
1994; Pérez et al., 1999; Sarmiento et al., inquirendum by Moravec (1998).
1999; Iannacone et al., 2012a; Iannacone
& Alvariño, 2013; Chero et al., 2014b; Family Kathlaniidae (Lane, 1914)
Cruces et al., 2014; Chiclla-Salazar & Falcaustra pumacahuai Ibañez & Córdova,
Tantas-García, 2015; Serrano-Martínez et 1976
al., 2015b). O re s t i a s l u t e u s ; a d u l t ; i n t e s t i n e ;
Goezia spinulosa (Diesing, 1839) freshwater; Puno (Ibañez & Córdova,
Arapaima gigas; adult; intestine; 1976; Sarmiento et al., 1999).
freshwater; Loreto (Tantaleán et al., Note: This species was considered as
1985a; Sarmiento et al., 1999). species inquirendum by Moravec (1998).
Hysterothylacium aduncum (Rudolphi, Falcaustra tiahuanaquensis Ibañez &
1802) Córdova, 1976
Coryphaena hippurus, Sarda chiliensis; O re s t i a s l u t e u s ; a d u l t ; i n t e s t i n e ;
larvae; mesentery; marine; Lima (Pérez et freshwater; Puno (Ibañez & Córdova,
al., 1999; Sarmiento et al., 1999). 1976; Sarmiento et al., 1999).
Hysterothylacium pelagicum Deardorff & Note: This species was considered as
Overstreet, 1982 species inquirendum by Moravec (1998).
Coryphaena hippurus; adult; caecum,
intestine, stomach; marine; Lima Family Cucullanidae Cobbold, 1864
(Gomez-Puerta, 2014). Cucullanus (Cucullanus) grandistomis
Hysterothylacium sp. (Ferraz & Thatcher, 1988)
Coryphaena hippurus, Paralichthys Oxydoras niger; adult; intestine;
adspersus, Peprilus snyderi, Stromateus freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
stellatus; larvae; intestine, stomach; 1993b).
marine; Lima, Northen Coastal zone Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) amaruincai
(Sarmiento et al., 1999; Iannacone et al., (Freitas, Vicente & Ibañez, 1969)
2010, 2012a; Vásquez-Ruiz et al., 2012; Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena
Ñacari & Sánchez, 2014). deliciosa; adult; intestine; marine; La
Pseudoterranova decipiens (Krabbe, 1878) Libertad, Lima, Piura (Freitas et al., 1969;
Scomber japonicus, Trachurus murphyi; Luque et al., 1991; Luque & Oliva, 1993a;
larvae; muscles; marine; Lambayeque, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque,
Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & 1998b; Sarmiento et al., 1999; Iannacone
Huiza, 1994; Sarmiento et al., 1999; et al., 2010a, b; Chero et al., 2014a).
Cabrera & Trillo-Altamirano, 2004). Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) elongatus
Raphidascaroides sp. (Tornquist, 1931)
Oxydoras niger; larvae; mesentery; Cilus gilberti; adult; intestine; marine;

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Lima (Chero et al., 2014c). Pereira, 1928


Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) sp. Triportheus angulatus; adult; intestine;
Paralabrax humeralis; adult; intestine; freshwater; Ucayali (Iannacone, 2000).
marine; Lima, Piura (Armas, 1983a; Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) pereirai
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Annereaux, 1946
1994; Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009). Stellifer minor; adult; intestine; marine;
Lima (Iannacone, 2004).
Order Oxyurida Chabaud, 1974 Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) rarus
Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928
Family Pharyngodonidae Travassos, 1919 Pimelodus maculatus; adult; intestine;
Cosmoxynemoides aguirrei Travassos, 1949 freshwater; Huánuco (Tantaleán et al.,
Geophagus steindachneri; adult; 1983; Sarmiento et al., 1999).
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (Tantaleán et Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sp.
al., 1985a; Sarmiento et al., 1999). Aequidens rivulatus, Bryconamericus
Ichthyouris ro Inglis, 1962 peruanus, Cynoscion analis, Lebiasina
Geophagus steindachneri; adult; bimaculata, Polydactylus approximans,
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (Tantaleán et Stellifer minor; adult; gill, intestine;
al., 1985a). f r e s h w a t e r, m a r i n e ; I c a , L i m a ,
Lambayeque, Tumbes (Tantaleán et al.,
Order Spirurida Chitwood, 1933 1985a, b; Oliva et al., 1990; Luque et al.,
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva &
Family Camallanidae Railliet & Henry, Luque, 1998b; Minaya et al., 2016).
1915
Camallanus (Camallanus) acaudatus Ferraz Family Acuariidae Railliet, Henry &
& Thatcher, 1990 Sisoff, 1912
Osteoglossum bicirrhosum; adult; Rusguniella sp.
stomach an intestine; freshwater; Amazon Peprilus snyderi; larvae; intestine;
River Basin (Vásquez et al., 2007). marine; Lima (Ñacari & Sánchez, 2014).
Camallanus sp.
Cheilotrema fasciatum; adult; intestine; Family Philometridae Baylis & Daubney,
marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1998b). 1926
Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) hilarii Alinema amazonicum (Travassos, 1960)
Vaz & Pereira, 1934 Brachyplatystoma juruense, Calophysus
Trichomycterus piurae; adult; intestine; macropterus, Perrunichthys perruno;
freshwater; Cajamarca, Lambayeque adult; mesentery, body cavity; freshwater;
(Freitas & Ibañez, 1970; Rodrigues et al., Loreto (Moravec et al., 2006a, 2006b).
1991; Sarmiento et al., 1999; Moravec, Nilonema senticosum (Baylis, 1927)
1998). Arapaima gigas; adult; Intestine, swim-
Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) bladder; freshwater; Loreto (Tantaleán et
chimusensis (Freitas & Ibáñez, 1968) al., 1985a; Moravec et al., 2006b;
Trichomycterus díspar, T. piurae; adult; Mathews et al., 2013a; Mathews et al.,
intestine; freshwater; Cajamarca, 2014b; Serrano-Martínez et al., 2015).
Lambayeque (Freitas & Ibañez, 1968; Philometra neptomeni Mateo, 1972
Tantaleán et al., 1985a; Sarmiento et al., Seriolella violacea; adult; gonads;
1999). marine; Lima (Mateo, 1982; Luque et al.,
Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994 ; Moravec
inopinatus Travassos, Artigas & et al., 2011).

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Philometra sp. Family Physalopteridae Railliet, 1893


Anisotremus scapularis, Paralabrax Proleptus carvajali Fernandez & Villalba,
humeralis, Paralichthys adspersus; adult; 1985
gonads; marine; Arequipa, Lima (Luque Anisotremus scapularis, Cilus gilberti,
et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Isacia conceptionis, Labrisomus
Sarmiento et al., 1999; Iannacone & philippii, Rhinobatos planiceps; adult,
Alvariño, 2009a; Chero et al., 2014d). larvae; general cavidad, gills, intestine,
Philometridae gen sp. stomach, valve spiral; marine, Lima
Cilus gilberti; adult; intestine; marine; (Iannacone et al., 2011a; Chero et al.,
Lima (Chero et al., 2014c). 2014c, d; Iannacone et al., 2015; Cruces et
al., 2015).
Family Gnathostomatidae Railliet, 1895 Proleptus obtusus Dujardin, 1845
Echinocephalus striatus Monticelli 1889 Mustelus mento, Rhinobatos planiceps,
Scyllium sp.; adult; intestine; marine; Triakis maculata; adult; intestine,
unspecified locality (Yamaguti, 1961). stomach; marine; La Libertad, Lima
Echinocephalus sp. (Tantaleán & Rodriguez, 1987; Tantaleán
Mustelus mento; adult; stomach; marine; & Huiza, 1994; Sarmiento et al., 1999).
Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1983; Tantaleán & Proleptus sp.
Huiza, 1994; Sarmiento et al., 1999). Galeichthys peruvianus, Labrisomus
philippii, Menticirrhus ophicephalus,
Family Cystidicolidae Skrjabin, 1946 Myliobatis peruvianus, Scartichthys
Ascarophis sebastodis Olsen, 1952 gigas, Sciaena deliciosa, Trachinotus
Sebastes capensis; adult; intestine; paitensis; larvae; intestine; mesentery;
marine; Lima (González & Poulin, 2005) stomach; marine; Lima (Rivera &
Ascarophis sp. Sarmiento, 1990a; Luque et al., 1991;
Galeichthys peruvianus; Menticirrhus Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Pérez et al.,
ophicephalus; adult; intestine; marine; 1999; Sarmiento et al., 1999; Iannacone
Lima (Luque, 1994a; Tantaleán & Huiza, et al., 2011b; Tarmeño et al., 2015).
1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998b; Sarmiento
et al., 1999). Family Rhabdochonidae Travassos,
Artigas & Pereira, 1928
Family Guyanemidae Petter, 1974 Johnstonmawsonia sp.
Pseudodelphis sp. Scartichthys gigas; adult; intestine;
Scartichthys gigas; adult; pericardial marine; Lima (Iannacone et al., 2012b).
cavity; marine; Lima (Tarmeño et al., Rhabdochona sp.
2015) Paratrygon aiereba, Potamotrygon
falkeri, Trichomycterus dispar; adult;
Family Hedruridae Railliet, 1916 intestine; freshwater; Lambayeque,
Hedruris basilichtensis Mateo, 1971 Madre Rios (Tantaleán et al., 1985a;
Odontesthes bonariensis, Orestias albus, Reyda, 2008).
O. luteus; adult; stomach; freshwater;
Puno (Mateo, 1971, Sarmiento et al., PHYLUM PLATYHELMINTHES
1999). Gegenbaur, 1859
Hedruris orestiae Moniez, 1889 Class Cestoda Rudolphi, 1808
Orestias luteus, O. mulleri; adult; Order Bothriocephalidea Kuchta, Scholz,
stomach; freshwater; Puno (Ibañez & Brabec & Bray, 2008
Córdova, 1976, Sarmiento et al., 1999).

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Family Bothriocephalidae Blanchard, hippurus, Cynoscion analis, Galeichthys


1849 peruvianus, Genypterus maculatus,
Clestobothrium crassiceps (Rudolphi, 1819) Menticirrhus ophicephalus, Merluccius
Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gayi peruanus, Paralabrax humeralis,
intestine; marine; La Libertad, Lima Paralichthys adspersus, Paralonchurus
(Tantaleán, 1976; Durán & Oliva, 1980; peruanus, Sarda chiliensis, Sciaena
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, callaensis, Sciaena deliciosa, Scomber
1994; Jara, 1998; Chero et al., 2014b). japonicus, Scomberomorus sierra,
Trachinotus paitensis, Trachurus
Family Echinophallidae Schumacher, 1914 murphyi, larvae; mesentery; visceral
Neobothriocephalus aspinosus Mateo & surface; marine; Ancash, La Libertad,
Bullock, 1966 L a m b a y e q u e , L i m a ( B a e r, 1 9 6 9 ,
Seriolella violacea; adult; intestine; Tantaleán, 1975b; Escalante, 1983;
marine; Lima (Mateo & Bullock, 1966; Escalante & Miranda, 1986; Tantaleán &
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Huiza, 1984, 1994; Luque et al., 1991;
1994; Iannacone, 2003). Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009; Wicht et al.,
2010, Chero et al., 2014a,b,c).
Family Triaenophoridae Lönnberg, 1889 Diphyllobothrium sp.
Anchistrocephalus microcephalus Sarda chiliensis, Scomberomorus sierra,
(Rudolphi, 1819) Trachurus murphyi; larvae; cavity;
Mola mola; adult; intestine; marine; Lima marine; La Libertad, Lima (Baer, 1969;
(Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Pérez et al.,
Fistulicola plicatus (Rudolphi, 1819) 1999; Llerena et al., 2001).
Mola mola; adult; intestine; marine; Lima Diphyllobothridae gen. sp.
(Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Merluccius gayi peruanus, Scomber
Glossobothrium sp. japonicus; larvae; mesentery; marine; La
Hemilutjanus macrophthalmos; adult; Libertad, Lima (Jara, 1998; Oliva et al.,
intestine; marine; Lima (Tantaleán et al., 2008)
1982; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Ligula intestinalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Huiza, 1994). Odontesthes bonariensis, Orestias albus,
O. luteus, Orestias sp.; larvae; body
Order Diphyllidea van Beneden in Carus, cavity; freshwater; Puno (Tantaleán et al.,
1863 1985a).

Family Echinobothriidae Perrier, 1897 Order Proteocephalidea Mola, 1928


Echinobothrium sp.
Myliobatis peruvianus; adult; spiral Family Proteocephalidae (La Rue, 1911)
valvule; marine; Ica (Tantaleán & Huiza, Ageneiella sp.
1994). Ageneiosus inermis; adult; intestine;
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Order Diphyllobothriidea Kuchta, Scholz, 2015a).
Brabec & Bray, 2008 Amphoteromorphus ovalis Carfora, de
Chambrier & Vaucher, 2003
Family Diphyllobothridae Lühe, 1910 Brachyplatystoma cf. filamentosum;
Adenocephalus pacificus Nybelin, 1931 adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Anisotremus scapularis, Ariopsis Chambrier et al., 2015a).
seemanni, Cilus gilberti, Coryphaena Amphoteromorphus peniculus Diesing, 1850

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Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii; adult; Brachyplatystoma cf. filamentosum;


intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Chambrier et al., 2015a, b). Chambrier et al., 2015a).
Amphoteromorphus parkamoo Woodland, Endorchis sp.
1935 Pimelodus altissimus; adult; intestine;
Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., 2015a).
2006, 2015a). Euzetiella tetraphylliformis de Chambrier,
Amphoteromorphus piriformis Carfora, de Rego & Vaucher, 1999
Chambrier & Vaucher, 2003 Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine;
Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii; adult; freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de 2006, 2015a).
Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a). Gibsoniela mandube (Woodland, 1935)
Brayela karuatayi (Woodland, 1934) Ageneiosus inermis, Ageneiosus sp.;
Platynematichthys notatus; adult adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
(immature); intestine; freshwater; Chambrier et al., 2015a,b).
Ancash, Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Harriscolex kaparari (Woodland, 1935)
2014, 2015a,b). Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum; adult;
Chambriella agostinhoi (Pavanelli & Santos, intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
1992) Chambrier et al., 2015a).
Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine; Harriscolex piramutab (Woodland, 1934)
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Brachyplatystoma vaillantii; adult;
2006, 2015a). intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Chambriella paranaensis (Pavanelli & Rego, Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
1989) Houssayela sudobim (Woodland, 1935)
Hemisorubim platyrhynchos; adult; Pseudoplatystoma punctifer,
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de Sorubimichthys planiceps; adult;
Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a). intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Chambriella sp. Chambrier & Scholz, 2005; de Chambrier
Brachyplatystoma vaillantii, et al., 2006, 2015a,b).
Phractocephalus hemioliopterus, Jauella glandicephalus Rego & Pavanelli,
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum, 1985
Sorubimichthys planiceps; adult; Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine;
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a; de 2015a).
Chambrier & Scholz, 2008). Lenhataenia megacephala (Woodland,
Choanoscolex abscisus (Riggenbach, 1896) 1934)
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum; adult; Sorubimichthys planiceps; adult;
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Chambrier et al., 2015a). Chambrier & Scholz 2008; de Chambrier
Choanoscolex sp. et al., 2015a).
Pseudoplatystoma punctifer, P. tigrinum, Manaosia bracodemoca Woodland, 1935
Sorubimichthys planiceps; adult; Sorubim lima; adult; intestine; freshwater;
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de Loreto (de Chambrier et al., 2015a).
Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a; de Mariauxiella piscatorum de Chambrier &
Chambrier & Scholz, 2008). Vaucher, 1999
Endorchis piraeeba Woodland, 1934 Hemisorubim platyrhynchos; adult;

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intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de


Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a). Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
Megathylacus jandia Woodland, 1934 Nomimoscolex sudobim Woodland, 1935
Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine; Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum; adult;
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
2015a). Chambrier et al., 2015a).
Megathylacus sp. Nomimoscolex cf. sudobim Woodland, 1935
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum, P. Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum; adult;
punctifer; adult; intestine; freshwater; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Loreto (de Chambrier et al., 2014, 2015a). Chambrier et al., 2006).
Monticellia amazonica de Chambrier & Nomimoscolex suspectus Zehnder, de
Vaucher, 1997 Chambrier, Vaucher & Mariaux, 2000
Calophysus macropterus; adult; intestine; Brachyplatystoma cf. filamentosum;
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
2006, 2015a; Scholz et al., 2008). Chambrier et al., 2015a).
Monticellia belavistensis Pavanelli, Nomimoscolex sp.
Machado dos Santos, Takemoto & dos Pimelodus ornatus; adult; intestine;
Santos 1994 freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Pterodoras granulosus; adult; intestine; 2015a).
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Nupelia sp.
2015a). Goeldiella eques; adult; intestine;
Monticellia santafesina Arredondo & Gil de freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Pertierra, 2010 2006, 2015a).
Megalonema platycephalum; adult; Peltidocotyle lenha (Woodland, 1933)
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de Sorubimichthys planiceps, Zungaro
Chambrier et. al., 2015a). zungaro; adult; intestine; freshwater;
Monticellia ventrei de Chambrier & Loreto (de Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a;
Vaucher, 1999 de Chambrier & Scholz, 2008).
 Pinirampus pirinampu; adult; intestine; Peltidocotyle rugosa Diesing, 1850
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum; adult;
2015a). intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Monticelliinae gen. sp. Chambrier et al., 2015a).
Phractocephalus hemioliopterus; adult; Proteocephalidea gen. sp.
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de Cichlasoma amazonarum, Paratrygon
Chambrier et al., 2015a). aiereba, Potamotrygon cf. falkeri, P.
Nomimoscolex admonticellia (Woodland, motoro; larvae (hyperparasite), adult;
1934) intestine; freshwater; Loreto, Madre de
Pinirampus pirinampu; adult; intestine; Dios (Reyda, 2008; de Chambrier et al.,
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., 2015a).
2015a). Proteocephalus gibsoni Rego & Pavanelli,
Nomimoscolex lenha (Woodland, 1933) 1991
Sorubimichthys planiceps; adult; Astronotus ocellatus; adult; intestine;
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Chambrier & Scholz, 2008; de Chambrier 2006, 2015a).
et al., 2015a). Proteocephalus hemioliopteri de Chambrier
Nomimoscolex lopesi Rego, 1989 & Vaucher, 1997
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum; adult; Phractocephalus hemioliopterus; adult;

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intestine; ; freshwater; Loreto (de Cichla monoculus; adult; intestine;


Chambrier et al., 2015a). freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Proteocephalus hobergi de Chambrier & 2006, 2015a,b).
Vaucher, 1999 Spasskyellina lenha (Woodland, 1933)
Oxydoras niger; adult; intestine; Sorubimichthys planiceps; adult;
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
2015a). Chambrier & Scholz, 2008; de Chambrier
Proteocephalus kuyukuyu Woodland, 1935 et al., 2015a,b).
Megalodoras uranoscopus, Pterodoras Spasskyellina spinulifera (Woodland, 1935)
granulosus; Pterodoras sp.; adult; Pseudoplatystoma punctifer, P. tigrinum;
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Chambrier et al., 2015a,b). Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
Proteocephalus macrophallus (Diesing, Spatulifer maringaensis Pavanelli & Rego,
1850) 1989
Cichla monoculus; adult; intestine; Hemisorubim platyrhynchos, Sorubim
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., lima; adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto
2006, 2015a,b). (de Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
Proteocephalus microscopicus Woodland, Spatulifer rugosa (Woodland, 1935)
1935 Pseudoplatystoma punctifer; adult;
Cichla monoculus; adult; intestine; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
2006, 2015a). Spatulifer sp.
Proteocephalus sophiae de Chambrier & Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum; adult;
Rego, 1994 intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine; Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Travassiella jandia (Woodland, 1934)
2015a). Zungaro zungaro; adult; intestine;
Proteocephalus sp. freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
Orestias albus, O. luteus, 2006, 2015a).
Phractocephalus hemioliopterus, Zygobothrium megacephalum Diesing, 1850
P i m e l o d u s b l o c h i i , P t e ro d o r a s Phractocephalus hemioliopterus; adult;
granulosus; adult, larvae; intestine; intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de
freshwater; Loreto (Tantaleán et al., Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
1985a; de Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
Rudolphiella piracatinga (Woodland, 1935) Order Cathetocephalidea Schmidt &
Calophysus macropterus; adult; intestine; Beveridge, 1990
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al.,
2006, 2015a). Family Cathetocephalidae Dailey &
Rudolphiella sp. Overstreet, 1973
Pinirampus pirinampu; adult; intestine; Cathetocephalus thatcheri Dailey &
freshwater; Loreto (de Chambrier et al., Overstreet, 1973
2015a). Carcharhinus leucas, C. porosus; adult;
Scholzia emarginata (Diesing, 1850) spiral valve; marine; Lima (Rivera &
Phractocephalus hemioliopterus; adult; Sarmiento, 1990b; Tantaleán & Huiza,
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (de 1994).
Chambrier et al., 2006, 2015a).
Sciadocephalus megalodiscus Diesing, 1850 Family Disculicipitidae Joyeux & Baer,

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1936 Beveridge, 2002).


Disculiceps pileatus (Linton, 1891) Acanthobothrium lusarmientae Severino &
Carcharhinus porosus; adult; spiral valve; Verano, 1980
marine; Lima (Tantaleán, 1991; Tantaleán Sympterygia brevicaudata; adult; spiral
& Huiza, 1994). valve; marine; Lima (Severino & Verano,
1980; Tantaleán et al., 1982; Tantaleán &
Order Onchoproteocephalidea Caira, Huiza, 1994; Ghoshroy & Caira, 2001;
Jensen, Waeschenbach, Olson & Campbell & Beveridge, 2002; Morales et
Littlewood, 2014 al., 2005).
Acanthobothrium olseni Dailey & Mudry,
Family Prosobothriidae Baer & Euzet, 1968
1955 Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; intestine,
Prosobothrium armigerum Cohn, 1902 spiral valve; marine; Lima (Iannacone et
Prionace glauca; adult; spiral valve; al., 2011a).
marine; Lima (Rivera & Sarmiento, Acanthobothrium peruviense Reyda, 2008
1990b; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Potamotrygon motoro; adult; spiral valve;
freshwater; Madre de Dios (Reyda, 2008).
Family Onchobothriidae Braun, 1900 (pro Acanthobothrium cf. peruviense Reyda,
parte) 2008
Acanthobothrium batailloni Euzet, 1955 Potamotrygon cf. falkeri; adult; spiral
Myliobatis chilensis; adult; spiral valve; valve; freshwater; Madre de Dios (Reyda,
marine; La Libertad (Escalante, 1986; 2008).
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Acanthobothrium psammobati Carvajal &
Acanthobothrium brevissime Linton, 1908 Goldstein, 1969
Myliobatis peruvianus; adult; spiral valve; Sympterygia brevicaudata; adult; spiral
marine; Lima (Tantaleán, 1991; Tantaleán valve; marine; Lima; (Tantaleán, 1991;
& Huiza, 1994; Ghoshroy & Caira, 2001; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Campbell & Beveridge, 2002). Acanthobothrium cf. ramiroi Ivanov, 2005
Acanthobothrium chilensis Rego, Vicente & Potamotrygon motoro: adult; spiral valve;
Herrera, 1968 freshwater; Madre de Dios (Reyda, 2008).
Sarda chiliensis; adult; spiral valve; Acanthobothrium robustum Alexander,
marine; Piura (Rego et al., 1968; 1953
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; spiral valve;
Acanthobothrium gonzalesmugaburui marine; Ancash, La Libertad (Escalante,
Severino & Sarmiento, 1979 1986; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Myliobatis peruvianus; adult; spiral valve; Acanthobothrium sp.
marine; Ancash, Lima (Severino & Myliobatis chilensis; adult; spiral valve;
Sarmiento, 1979; Tantaleán et al., 1982; marine; La Libertad (Tresierra et al.,
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Ghoshroy & 1986; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Caira, 2001; Campbell & Beveridge, Acanthobothroides peruensis López, 1994
2002; Morales et al., 2005). Dasyatis dipterura; adult; spiral valve;
Acanthobothrium holorhini Alexander, 1953 marine; Lima (Morales et al., 2005).
Myliobatis chilensis, M. peruvianus; Acanthobothroides thorsoni Brooks, 1977
adult; spiral valve; marine; Lima Dasyatis dipterura; adult; spiral valve;
(Rodriguez & Tantaleán, 1980, Tantaleán marine; Ancash, Lima (López, 1994;
et al., 1982; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Tantaleán & Rodriguez, 1987; Tantaleán
Ghoshroy & Caira, 2001; Campbell & & Huiza, 1994).

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Platybothrium auriculatum Yamaguti, 1952 Paraorygmatobothrium triacis (Yamaguti,


Prionace glauca; adult; spiral valve; 1952)
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Escalante, Mustelus dorsalis, M. whitneyi; adult;
1986; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). spiral valve; marine; Ancash, La Libertad
Platybothrium sp. (Escalante & Carvajal, 1981; Tantaleán &
Sphyrna zygaena; adult; spiral valve; Huiza, 1994).
marine; Lima (López de McDonald & Phyllobothrium lactuca (Van Beneden,
Tantaleán, 1985; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1850)
1994). Mustelus mento; adult; spiral valve;
Potamotrygonocestus cf. fitzgeraldae marine; Lambayeque, Lima (Escalante &
Marques, Brooks & Araujo, 2003 Carvajal, 1981; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Paratrygon aiereba, Potamotrygon Phyllobothrium thridax (Van Beneden,
falkeri; adult; spiral valve; freshwater; 1849)
Madre de Dios (Reyda, 2008; Caira et al., Myliobatis chilensis, Myliobatis
2014) peruvianus; adult; spiral valve; marine;
Potamotrygonocestus sp. Ancash, Lima (Tantaleán, 1991; Tantaleán
Paratrygon aiereba, Potamotrygon cf. & Huiza, 1994).
falkeri, P. motoro; adult; spiral valve; Phyllobothrium sp.
freshwater; Madre de Dios (Reyda & Mustelus mento, Rhinobatos planiceps,
Olson, 2003; Reyda, 2008; Caira et al., Squatina armata; adult; spiral valve;
2014). marine; La Libertad (Tresierra et al.,
1986; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Order Phyllobothriidea Caira, Jensen, Th y s a n o cep h a l u m th y s a n o cep h a lu m
Waeschenbach, Olson & Littlewood, 2014 (Linton, 1889)
Sphyrna zygaena; adult; intestine; marine;
Family Phyllobothriidae Braun, 1900 Lima (López de McDonald & Tantaleán,
Clistobothrium tumidum (Linton, 1922) 1985; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Isurus oxyrinchus; adult; spiral valvule;
marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Order “Tetraphyllidea” Carus, 1863
Nandocestus guariticus (Marques, Brooks &
Lasso, 2001) Anthobothrium laciniatum Linton, 1890
Paratrygon aiereba, Potamotrygon cf. Prionace glauca; adult; spiral valvule;
falkeri; adult; spiral valve; freshwater; marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Madre de Dios (Reyda & Olson, 2003; Anthobothrium sp.
Reyda, 2008; Ruhnke, 2011; Caira et al., Myliobatis peruvianus; adult; spiral
2014). valvule; marine; Lima (Tantaleán &
Orygmatobothrium musteli (Van Beneden, Huiza, 1994).
1849) Calliobothrium verticillatum (Rudolphi,
Mustelus dorsalis, M. lunulatus, M. 1819)
whitneyi, Prionace glauca; adult; spiral Mustelus mento; adult; spiral valve;
valve; marine; Ancash, La Libertad marine; Ancash, Lambayeque (Escalante
(Escalante & Carvajal, 1981; Escalante, & Carvajal, 1981; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1986; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). 1994).
Orygmatobothrium sp. Calliobothrium sp.
Mustelus mento; stomach; marine; La Mustelus mento; adult; spiral valve,
Libertad (Tresierra et al., 1986; Tantaleán stomach; marine; La Libertad, Lima
& Huiza, 1994). (Tresierra et al., 1986; Tantaleán & Huiza,

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1994). 2011).
Caulobothrium myliobatidis Carvajal, 1977 Rhinebothrium rhinobati Dailey &
Myliobatis chilensis; adult; spiral valve; Carvajal, 1976
marine; Ancash (Tantaleán, 1991; Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; spiral valve;
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). marine; Lima (Tantaleán, 1991; Tantaleán
Caulobothrium sp. & Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et al., 2011a).
Rhinoptera steindachneri; adult; spiral Rhinebothrium sp.
valvule; marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Myliobatis chilensis, Myliobatis
Huiza, 1994). peruvianus, Paratrygon aiereba, Synodus
Dinobothrium paciferum Sproston, 1948 scituliceps; adult, larvae; intestine, spiral
Cetorhinus maximus; adult; spiral valve; valve; freshwater, marine; La Libertad,
marine; Lima (Rivera & Sarmiento, Lima, Madre de Dios, Piura (Escalante et
1990b; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). al., 1987; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
“Scolex pleuronectis” Müller, 1788 Huiza, 1994; Reyda & Olson, 2003; Healy
Coryphaena hippurus, Ethmidium et al., 2009).
maculatum, Genypterus maculatus, Rhodobothrium mesodesmatum
Katsuwonus pelamis, Odontesthes regia, (Bahamonde & Lopez, 1962)
Sarda chiliensis, Sardinops sagax, Myliobatis chilensis, M. peruvianus,
Scomber japonicus, Stellifer minor, Sarda chiliensis; adult; spiral valve,
S t ro n g y l u r a s c a p u l a r i s , S y n o d u s intestine; marine; Ica, Lima (Rego et al.,
scituliceps, Trachurus murphyi; larve 1968; Rodriguez & Tantaleán, 1980;
(metacestodes); caecum, intestine; López de McDonald & Tantaleán, 1985;
marine; La Libertad, Piura (Escalante & Tresierra et al., 1986; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Carjaval, 1984; Escalante et al., 1987; 1994).
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Rhodobothrium pulvinatum Linton, 1889
1994; Jara, 1998; Cruces et al., 2014). Dasyatis dipterura; adult; spiral valvule;
Symcallio lintoni (Euzet, 1954) marine; Ancash (Tantaleán & Huiza,
Mustelus whitneyi; adult; spiral valve; 1994).
marine; La Libertad (Escalante & Rhinebothroides sp.
Carvajal, 1981; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Paratrygon aiereba, Potamotrygon
falkeri, Potamotrygon cf. falkeri, P.
Order Rhinebothriidea Healy, Caira, motoro; adult; spiral valve; freshwater;
Jensen, Webster & Littlewood, 2009 Madre de Dios (Reyda & Olson, 2003;
Reyda, 2008; Healy et al., 2009).
Family Echeneibothriidae de Beauchamp,
1905 Order Trypanorhyncha Diesing, 1863
Echeneibothrium sp.
Myliobatis chilensis; adult; spiral valvule; Trypanorhyncha gen. sp.
marine; La Libertad (Tantaleán & Huiza, Paralabrax humeralis; unspecified
1994). development stage; unspecified site of
infection; marine; Lima (Iannacone &
Family Rhinebothriidae Euzet, 1953 Alvariño, 2009a).
Rhinebothrium copianullum Reyda, 2008
Paratrygon aiereba, Potamotrygon cf. Family Lacistorhynchidae Guiart, 1937
falkeri, P. motoro, P. tatianae; adult; Dasyrhynchus pacificus Robinson, 1965
spiral intestine; freshwater; Madre de Sciaena deliciosa; larvae; mesentery;
Dios (Reyda, 2008; Reyda & Marques, marine; La Libertad, Piura (Escalante &

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Carvajal, 1984; Luque et al., 1991; Mugil cephalus, Mustelus dorsalis, M.


Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Palm, 2004). mento, M.s whitneyi, Odontesthes regia,
Grillotia dollfusi Carvajal, 1971 Paralichthys adspersus, Paralonchurus
Merluccius gayi peruanus; larvae; peruanus, Scartichthys gigas, Sciaena
visceral surface; marine; Lima (Chero et deliciosa, Stellifer minor; adult, larvae;
al., 2014b). mesentery, muscles, spiral valve, viscera;
Grillotia sp. marine; Ancash, La Libertad,
Paralabrax humeralis, Squatina armata; Lambayeque, Lima (Durán & Oliva,
larvae; mesentery, stomach; marine; La 1980; Escalante & Carvajal, 1984; Rivera
Libertad, Piura (Armas, 1983a; Tresierra & Sarmiento, 1990a; Luque et al., 1991;
et al., 1986; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Jara, 1998;
& Huiza, 1994). Oliva & Luque, 1998b, 2002; Cruces et
Pseudogrillotia peruviana Escalante & al., 2015).
Carvajal, 1984
S c o m b e ro m o r u s s i e r r a ; l a r v a e ; Family Pterobothriidae Pintner, 1931
mesentery; marine; La Libertad Pterobothrium acanthotruncatum Escalante
(Escalante & Carvajal, 1984; Luque et al., & Carjaval, 1984
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Coryphaena hippurus, Paralonchurus
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (Rudolphi, 1819) peruanus; larvae; gonads, mesentery,
Cilus gilberti, Galeichthys peruvianus, swimming bladder; marine; La Libertad,
H e m i l u t j a n u s m a c ro p h t h a l m o s , Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1982; Escalante &
Merluccius gayi peruanus, Paralabrax Carvajal, 1984; Luque et al., 1991;
humeralis, Paralonchurus peruanus, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Sciaena deliciosa, Scomber japonicus, Pterobothrium sp.
Trachurus murphyi; larvae; mesentery, Paralonchurus peruanus; larvae;
viscera; marine; Ancash, La Libertad, mesentery; marine; Lima (Tantaleán et al.,
Lambayeque, Lima, Piura (Durán & 1982; Luque et al., 1991; Palm, 2004).
Oliva, 1980; Escalante & Carvajal, 1984;
Escalante & Miranda, 1986; Escalante et Family Eutetrarhynchidae Guiart, 1927
al., 1986; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Eutetrarhynchus sp.
Huiza, 1994, Oliva & Ballón, 2002; Palm, Trachurus murphyi; larvae; mesentery;
2004; Chero et al., 2014b). marine; Lima, Piura (Oliva, 1999).
Floriceps saccatus Cuvier, 1817 Prochristianella heteracantha Dailey &
C e n t ro p o m u s n i g re s c e n s ; l a r v a e ; Carvajal, 1976
mesentery; marine; Piura (Escalante & Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; intestine,
Carvajal, 1984; Luque et al., 1991; spiral valve, stomach; marine; Ancash,
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Lima (Tantaleán & Rodriguez, 1987;
Lacistorhynchus dollfusi Beveridge & Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et
Sakanari, 1987 al., 2011a).
C h e i l o t re m a f a s c i a t u m ; l a r v a e ;
mesentery; marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque, Family Otobothriidae Dollfus, 1942
1998b). Otobothrium sp.
Lacistorhynchus tenuis (Van Beneden, 1858) Cynoscion analis; larvae; muscles,
Anisotremus scapularis, Cheilodactylus viscera; marine; Lambayeque (Luque et
variegatus, Cheilotrema fasciatum, al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Palm,
Galeichthys peruvianus, Labrisomus 2004).
philippii, Merluccius gayi peruanus, Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (Diesing,

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1850) al., 2015).


Cilus gilberti; larvae; mesentery; marine; Tentacularia coryphaenae Bosc, 1802
La Libertad (Escalante & Carvajal, 1984; Centropomus nigrescens, Coryphaena
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, hippurus, Katsuwonus pelamis,
1994; Palm, 2004). Merluccius gayi peruanus, Prionace
glauca, Scomber japonicus, Trachurus
Family Sphyriocephalidae Pintner, 1913 murphyi; adult, larvae; mesentery, spiral
Hepatoxylon megacephalum (Rudolphi, valve, visceral surface; marine; La
1819) Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Piura
Trichomycterus punctulatus; larvae; body (Durán & Oliva, 1980; Escalante &
cavity; freshwater; unspecified locality Carvajal, 1984; López & Tantaleán, 1985;
(Palm, 2004). Escalante, 1986; Luque et al., 1991;
Hepatoxylon trichiuri (Holten, 1802) Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Jara, 1998;
Brama japonica, Prionace glauca; adult, Oliva, 1999; Pérez et al., 1999; Llerena et
larvae; mesentery, stomach, intestine; al., 2001; Palm, 2004; Oliva et al., 2008;
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Escalante, Vásquez-Ruiz & Jara-Campos, 2012).
1 9 8 6 ; Ta n t a l e á n & H u i z a , 1 9 9 4 ;
Iannacone & Alvariño, 2013). Order Amphilinidea Poche, 1922
Sphyriocephalus tergestinus Pintner, 1913
Sarda chiliensis; larvae; stomach; marine; Family Schizochoeridae Poche, 1922
Lima (Chero et al., 2015b). Nesolecithus janicki (Poche, 1922)
Arapaima gigas; adult; body cavity;
Family Tentaculariidae Poche, 1926 freshwater; Amazon River Basin
Nybelinia surmenicola Okada in Dollfus, (Thatcher, 2006).
1929 Schizochoerus liguloideus (Diesing, 1850)
Trachurus murphyi; larvae; unispeficied Arapaima gigas; adult; body cavity;
site of infection; marine; Piura (Oliva, freshwater; Loreto (Serrano-Martínez et
1999). al., 2015).
Nybelinia sp.
Brama japonica, Coryphaena hippurus, Order Gyrocotylidea Poche, 1926
Cynoscion analis, Isacia conceptionis,
Isurus oxyrinchus, Merluccius gayi Family Gyrocotylidae Benham, 1901
peruanus, Mustelus mento, Myliobatis Gyrocotyle maxima MacDonagh, 1927
peruvianus, Paralonchurus peruanus, Callorhynchus callorhynchus; adult;
Sarda chiliensis, Sciaena deliciosa, spiral valve; marine; Lima, La Libertad
Scomber japonicus, Seriolella violacea, (Tantaleán, 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Stellifer minor, Trachurus murphyi; 1994).
larvae; mesentery, valve, visceral surface;
marine; La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima Class Monogenea Van Beneden, 1858
(López de McDonald & Tantaleán, 1985; Order Capsalidea Lebedev, 1988
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1994; Jara, 1998; Pérez et al., 1999; Family Capsalidae Baird, 1853
Llerena et al., 2001; Oliva & Ballón, 2002 Benedenia sp.
as N. sumernicola; Palm, 2004; Williams Isacia conceptionis; adult; gills; marine;
& Williams, 2009; Vásquez-Ruiz & Jara- La Libertad (Escalante et al., 1982a;
Campos, 2012; Iannacone & Alvariño, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Paschoal et al.,
2013; Chero et al., 2014a; Iannacone et 2015).

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Benedeniella sp. Ameloblastella sp.


Myliobatis peruvianus; stomach; gills; Hassar sp., Hypophthalmus edentatus,
marine; Ica (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Sorubim lima; adult; gills; freshwater;
Capsala gregalis (Wagner & Carter, 1967) Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et al., 2015).
Sarda chiliensis; adult; gills; marine; Amphithecium calycinum Boeger &
Arequipa, Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Kritsky, 1988
Luque & Iannacone, 1991a; Tantaleán & Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills;
Huiza, 1994). freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
Encotyllabe antofagastensis Sepúlveda, 1993b).
González & Oliva, 2014 Amphithecium camelum Boeger & Kritsky,
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills; 1988
marine; Lima (Chero et al., 2014d). Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills;
Encotyllabe callaoensis Tantaleán, 1974 freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena 1993b).
deliciosa; adult; gills, mouth; marine; Anacanthorus reginae Boeger & Kritsky,
Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & 1988
Huiza, 1994; Chero et al., 2014a). Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills;
Encotyllabe sp. freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
Aplodactylus punctatus, Stellifer minor; 1993b).
adult; gills; marine; Ica, La Libertad, Anacanthorus spathulatus Kritsky,
Lambayeque (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Thatcher & Kayton 1979.
Jara, 1998). Colossoma macropomum; adult; gills;
Macrophyllida antarctica (Hughes, 1928) freshwater; Loreto (Soberon et al., 2014).
Johnston, 1930 Anacanthorus stachophallus Kritsky,
Cheilodactylus variegatus; adult; gills; Boeger & Van Every, 1992
marine; Lima (Martínez et al., 2013) Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills;
Neobenedenia sp. freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
Genypterus sp., Mugil cephalus, 1993b).
Ophidiidae gen sp.; adult; gills; marine; Anacanthorus thatcheri Boeger & Kritsky,
Ancash, Lima (Luque et al., 1991; 1988
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills;
freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
Order Dactylogyridea Bychowsky, 1937 1993b).
Anacanthorus sp.
Family Calceostomatidae Parona & Myleus schomburgkii; adult; gills;
Perugia, 1890 freshwater; Loreto (Fernández-Méndez et
Calceostoma sp. al., 2015).
Orthopristis chalceus; adult; gills; Ancyrocephalus sp.
marine; La Libertad, Piura (Tantaleán & Strongylura scapularis; adult; gills;
Huiza, 1994). marine; La Libertad, Piura (Tantaleán &
Huiza, 1994).
Family Dactylogyridae Bychowsky, 1933 Aphanoblastella aurorae Mendoza-
Ameloblastella unapi Mendoza-Franco & Palmero, Scholz, Mendoza-Franco &
Scholz, 2009 Kuchta, 2012
Calophysus macropterus; adult; gills; Goeldiella eques; adult; gills; freshwater;
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et al., 2012,
& Scholz, 2009). 2015).

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Aphanoblastella sp. Dawestrema cycloancistrioides Kritsky,


Goeldiella eques; adult; gills; freshwater; Thatcher & Boeger, 1985
Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et al., 2015) Arapaima gigas; adult; gills; freshwater;
Cleidodiscus sp. Loreto (Mathews et al., 2013a; Serrano-
Pimelodella yuncensis; adult; gills; Martínez et al., 2015).
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara & Escalante, Dawestrema cycloancistrum Price &
1984). Nowlin, 1967
Cosmetocleithrum bulbocirrus Kritsky, Arapaima gigas; adult; fins, gills, skin;
Thatcher & Boeger, 1986 freshwater; Amazon River, Loreto
Pterodoras granulosus; adult; gills; (Iannacone & Luque, 1991; Mathews et
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et al., 2007; Mathews et al., 2013a; García-
al., 2012). Ruiz et al., 2013; Mathews et al., 2014a;
Cosmetocleithrum confusus Kritsky, Serrano-Martínez et al., 2015a).
Thatcher & Boeger, 1986 Demidospermus brevicirrus Mendoza-
Oxydoras niger; adult; gills; freshwater; Palmero, Scholz, Mendoza-Franco &
Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, 1991). Kuchta, 2012
Cosmetocleithrum gussevi Kritsky, Pimelodus sp.; adult; gills; freshwater;
Thatcher & Boeger, 1986 Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et al., 2012).
Oxydoras niger; adult; gills; freshwater; Demidospermus centromochli Mendoza-
Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, 1991). Franco & Scholz, 2009
Cosmetocleithrum sobrinus Kritsky, Centromochlus heckelii; adult; gills;
Thatcher & Boeger, 1986 freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco &
Oxydoras niger; adult; gills; freshwater; Scholz, 2009).
Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, 1991). Demidospermus curvovaginatus Mendoza-
Cosmetocleithrum sp. Palmero & Scholz, 2011
Hassar orestis; adult; gills; freshwater; Pimelodus sp., Pimelodidae gen. sp.;
Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et al., 2015). adult; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-
Dactylogyridae gen. sp. Palmero & Scholz, 2011).
Ageneiosus vittatus, Colossoma Demidospermus lebedev (Kritsky &
macropomum, Hypophthalmus edentatus, Thatcher 1976) Mendoza-Palmero &
Platynematichthys notatus, Platysilurus Scholz, 2011
mucosus, Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum, Pimelodus blochii, Pimelodus sp.; adult;
Sorubim lima; adult; gills; freshwater; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-
Loreto (Bances et al., 2013; Alcántara- Palmero & Scholz, 2011).
Bocanegra et al., 2015; Mendoza-Palmero Demidospermus macropteri Mendoza-
et al., 2015; Vargas et al., 2015). Franco & Scholz, 2011
Dactylogyrus sp. Calophysus macropterus; adult; gills;
Aspistogramma sp., Cichlasoma sp., freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco &
Carassius auratus, Pterophyllum scalare, Scholz, 2009).
Symphysodon aequifasciatus; gills; Demidospermus mortenthaleri Mendoza-
tegument; freshwater; Amazon River Palmero, Scholz, Mendoza-Franco &
basin, Lima (Gonzáles-Fernández, 2012a; Kuchta, 2012
Aguinaga et al., 2015). Brachyplatystoma juruense; adult; gills;
Dactylogyrus vastator Nybelin, 1924 freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et
Cyprinus carpio carpio; adult; gills; al., 2012, 2015).
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara & Escalante, Demidospermus peruvianus Mendoza-
1983a). Palmero & Scholz, 2011

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Pimelodus ornatus, P. blochii, Pimelodus freshwater; Amazon River Basin (Kritsky


sp., Pimelodidae gen. sp.; adult; gills; & Boeger, 2002).
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero & Gonocleithrum cursitans (Kritsky &
Scholz, 2011). Thatcher, 1983)
Demidospermus striatus Mendoza-Palmero Osteoglossum bicirrhosum; adult; gills;
& Scholz, 2011 freshwater; Amazon River Basin
Pimelodus blochii, Pimelodus sp.; adult; (Vásquez et al., 2007).
gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza- Gussevia alioides Kritsky, Thatcher &
Palmero & Scholz, 2011). Boeger, 1986
Demidospermus sp. Heros severus; adult; gills; freshwater;
Brachyplatystoma vaillantii; adult; gills; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et al., 2010).
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et Gussevia asota Kritsky, Thatcher & Boeger,
al., 2015). 1989
Euryhaliotrema chaoi Kritsky & Boeger, Astronotus ocellatus; adult; gills;
2002 freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; al., 2010; Mathews et al., 2014b).
freshwater; Amazon River Basin (Kritsky Gussevia disparoides Kritsky, Thatcher &
& Boeger, 2002). Boeger, 1986
Euryhaliotrema lovejoyi Kritsky & Boeger, Cichlasoma amazonarum, Heros severus;
2002 adult; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; Franco et al., 2010).
freshwater; Amazon River Basin (Kritsky Gussevia longihaptor (Mizelle & Kritsky,
& Boeger, 2002). 1969)
Euryhaliotrema monacanthus Kritsky & Cichla monoculus; adult; gills;
Boeger, 2002 freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; al., 2010).
freshwater; Amazon River Basin (Kritsky Gussevia spiralocirra Kohn & Paperna,
& Boeger, 2002). 1964
Euryhaliotrema paralonchuri (Luque & Pterophyllum scalare; adult; gills;
Iannacone, 1989) freshwater; Loreto (Kritsky et al., 1986).
Paralonchurus peruanus; adult; gills; Gussevia tucunarense Kritsky, Thatcher &
marine; Lima (Luque & Iannacone, Boeger, 1986
1989a; Luque et al., 1991; Luque & Oliva, Chaetobranchus semifasciatus; adult;
1993a; Oliva & Luque, 1998b). gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mathews et al.,
Euryhaliotrema potamocetes Kritsky & 2013c).
Boeger, 2002 Gussevia undulata Kritsky, Thatcher &
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; Boeger, 1986
freshwater; Amazon River Basin (Kritsky Cichla monoculus; adult; gills;
& Boeger, 2002). freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et
Euryhaliotrema succedanus Kritsky & al., 2010; Mathews et al., 2012).
Boeger, 2002 Hamatopeduncularia sp.
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; Galeichthys peruvianus; adult; gills;
freshwater; Amazon River Basin (Kritsky marine; Lima (Iannacone & Luque,
& Boeger, 2002). 1993a).
Euryhaliotrema thatcheri Kritsky & Boeger, Haliotrema mugilinus Hargis, 1955
2002 Mugil cephalus; adult; gills; freshwater;
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; La Libertad (Jara & Escalante, 1983a).

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Jainus amazonensis Kritsky, Thatcher & (Tantaleán & Huiza 1994).


Kayton, 1980 Rhinonastes pseudocapsaloideum Kritsky,
Brycon cephalus; adult; gills; freshwater; Thatcher & Boeger, 1988
Loreto (Mathews et al., 2014a) Prochilodus nigricans; adult; gills;
Mexicana iannaconi Chero, Cruces, Sáez & freshwater; Loreto (Mathews et al.,
Alvariño, 2014 2013b).
Haemulon steindachneri; adult; gills; Rhinoxenus piranhus Kritsky, Thatcher &
marine; Lima (Chero et al., 2014e). Boeger, 1988
Mexicana sp. Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; nasal
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills; cavities; freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone &
marine; Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, Luque, 1993b).
2012; Chero et al., 2014d; Paschoal et al., Sciadicleithrum satanopercae Yamada,
2015). Takemoto, Bellay & Pavanelli, 2009
Mymarothecium viatorum Boeger, Piasecki Satanoperca jurupari; adult; gills;
& Sobecka, 2002 freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et
Piaractus brachypomus; gills; freshwater; al., 2010).
Amazon River basin (Dinis-Vásquez, Sciadicleithrum variabilum (Mizelle &
2014). Kritsky 1969) Kritsky, Thatcher &
Notothecium bethae Kritsky, Boeger & Jegu Boeger, 1989
1996 Cichlasoma amazonarum; adult; gills;
Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et
freshwater; Loreto (Gonzales et al., al., 2010).
2015). Tucunarella cichlae Mendoza-Franco,
Notothecium mizellei Boeger & Kritsky, Scholz & Rozkosna, 2010
1988 Cichla monoculus; adult; gills;
Myleus schomburgkii; adult; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Franco et
freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, al., 2010).
1993b). Unibarra paranoplatensis Suriano &
Notozothecium penetratum Boeger & Incorvaia, 1995
Kritsky, 1988 Aguarunichthys torosus; adult; gills;
Pygocentrus nattereri; adult; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et
freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, al., 2015).
1993b). Unilatus brittani Mizelle, Kritsky & Crane,
Notozothecium sp. 1968
Myleus schomburgkii; adult; gills; Pterygoplichthys anisitsi; adult; gills;
freshwater; Loreto (Fernández-Méndez et freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et
al., 2015). al., 2012).
Oncocleidus sp. Unilatus unilatus Mizelle & Kritsky, 1967
Lebiasina bimaculata; adult; gills; Pterygoplichthys anisitsi; adult; gills;
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara & Escalante, freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et
1983b). al., 2012).
Parancylodiscoides chaetodipteri Caballero Urocleidoides eremitus Kritsky, Thatcher &
& Bravo-Hollis, 1961 Boeger, 1986
Parapsettus panamensis; adult; gills; Hoplias malabaricus; adult; gills;
marine; Tumbes (Chero et al., 2015c) freshwater; Madre de Dios (Iannacone &
Pseudohaliotrema sp. Luque, 1993b).
Genypterus sp.; adult; gills; marine; Lima Urocleidus sp.

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Aequidens rivulatus; adult; gills; marine; Lambayeque, Lima, Tumbes


freshwater; La Libertad (Jara & Escalante, (Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Tantaleán &
1983b). Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et al., 2000;
Vancleaveus fungulus Kritsky, Thatcher & Iannacone et al., 2001; Minaya et al.,
Boeger, 1986 2016).
Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum; adult; gills; Pseudorhabdosynochus jeanloui Knoff,
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et Cohen, Cárdenas, Cárdenas-Callirgos
al., 2012). & Gomes, 2015
Vancleaveus janauacaensis Kritsky, Paranthias colonus; adult; gills; marine;
Thatcher & Boeger, 1986 Lima (Knoff et al., 2015).
Pterodoras granulosus; adult; gills; Rhamnocercoides menticirrhi Luque &
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et Iannacone, 1991
al., 2012, 2015). Menticirrhus ophicephalus; adult; gills;
Vancleaveus platyrhynchi Kritsky, Thatcher marine; Lima (Luque & Iannacone,
& Boeger, 1986 1991a; Luque, 1994a; Oliva & Luque,
Hemisorubim platyrhynchos; adult; gills; 1998b).
freshwater; Loreto (Mendoza-Palmero et Rhamnocercus oliveri Luque & Iannacone,
al., 2012). 1991
Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; Lima
Family Diplectanidae Monticelli, 1903 (Luque & Iannacone, 1991b; Iannacone,
Diplectanidae gen. sp. 1 2004).
Cheilotrema fasciatum; adult; gills; Rhamnocercus sp.
marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1998b). Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; La
Diplectanidae gen. sp. 2 Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima (Oliva et al.,
Cheilotrema fasciatum; adult; gills; 1990; Luque et al., 1991; Jara, 1998; Oliva
marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1998b). & Luque, 1998b).
Diplectanidae gen. sp. 3 Rhamnocercus stelliferi Luque &
Paralonchurus peruanus; adult; gills; Iannacone, 1991
marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1998b). Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; Lima
Diplectanum decorum Kritsky & Thatcher, (Luque & Iannacone, 1991b; Iannacone,
1984 2004).
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills;
freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, Family Tetraonchidae Monticelli, 1903
1993b). Tetraonchus monenteron Diesing, 1858
Diplectanum pescadae Kritsky & Thatcher, Arapaima gigas; adult; gills; freshwater;
1984 Loreto (Tantaleán et al., 1985a).
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; Tylosuricola amatoi Iannacone & Luque,
freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque, 1990
1993b). Strongylura scapularis; adult; gills;
Diplectanum piscinarius Kritsky & marine; Lima (Iannacone & Luque, 1990).
Thatcher, 1984
Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult; gills; Order Diclybothriidea Bychowsky, 1957
freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone & Luque,
1993b). Family Hexabothriidae Price, 1942
Diplectanum sp. Callorhynchocotyle marplatensis Suriano &
Cynoscion analis, Paralonchurus Incorvaia, 1982
peruanus, Stellifer minor; adult; gills; Callorhynchus callorhynchus; adult; gills;

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marine; Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Luque freshwater; La Libertad (An et al., 1991).
& Iannacone, 1991b; Tantaleán & Huiza, Gyrodactylus sp.
1994). Carassius auratus, Lebiasina bimaculata,
Erpocotyle sp. Oreochromis spp., Trichomycterus
Mustelus dorsalis; adult; gills; marine; La punctulatus; gills; tegument; freshwater;
Libertad, Lima, Piura (Tantaleán & Huiza, La Libertad, Lima (Jara & Escalante,
1994). 1984; Jara, 1986; Gonzáles-Fernández,
Rhinobatonchocotyle cyclovaginatus Doran, 2012ab).
1953 Gyrodactylus turnbulli Harris, 1986
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; gills; P o e c i l i a re t i c u l a t a ; a d u l t ; g i l l s ;
marine; Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1998). freshwater; La Libertad (An et al., 1991).
Rhinobatonchocotyle pacifica Oliva & Oögyrodactylus farlowellae Harris, 1983
Luque, 1995 Farlowella amazonum; adult; skin, fins;
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; gills; freshwater; Loreto (Harris, 1983).
marine; Lima (Iannacone et al., 2011a). Scleroductus yuncensi Jara & Cone, 1989
Pimelodella yuncensis; adult; gills;
Order Gyrodactylidea Bychowsky, 1937 freshwater; La Libertad (Jara & Cone,
1989).
Family Gyrodactylidae Van Beneden &
Hesse, 1863 Order Mazocraeidea Bychowsky, 1957
Accessorius peruensis Jara, An & Cone,
1991 Family Allopyragraphoridae Yamaguti,
Lebiasina bimaculata; adult; gills; 1963
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara et al., 1990). Allopyragraphorus caballeroi (Zerecero,
Anacanthocotyle sp. 1960)
Bryconamericus peruanus; adult; gills; Caranx hippos; adult; gills; marine;
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara, 1986). Ancash, La Libertad (Tantaleán et al.,
Gyrodactylidae gen. sp. 1988; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
Colossoma macropomum; adult; gills; Huiza, 1994).
freshwater; Loreto (Alcántara-Bocanegra
et al., 2015). Family Anthocotylidae Price, 1936
Gyrodactylus bimaculatus An, Jara & Cone, Anthocotyle americana (MacCallum, 1916)
1991 Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;
Lebiasina bimaculata; adult; gills; marine; Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1980;
freshwater; La Libertad (An et al., 1991). Verano et al., 1990; Luque et al., 1991;
Gyrodactylus lebiasinus An, Jara & Cone, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Chero et al.,
1991 2014b).
Lebiasina bimaculata; adult; body Anthocotyle merluccii van Beneden &
washings; freshwater; La Libertad (An et Hesse, 1863
al., 1991). Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;
Gyrodactylus pimelodellus An, Jara & Cone, marine; Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1980;
1991 Iannacone & Luque, 1990; Oliva &
Pimelodella yuncensis; adult; gills; Ballón, 2002).
freshwater; La Libertad (An et al., 1991).
Gyrodactylus slendrus An, Jara & Cone, Family Axinidae Monticelli, 1903
1991 Axine ibanezi Tantaleán, 1975
Lebiasina bimaculata; adult; gills; Exocoetus volitans; adult; gills; marine;

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Lima (Tantaleán, 1975a; Luque et al., adult; gills; marine; Ancash, Ica, La
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Libertad, Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1988;
Loxura peruensis Oliva & Luque, 1995 Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Strongylura exilis, S.scapularis; adult; 1994).
gills; marine; Lima, Northern coastal zone Choricotyle sp.
(Escalante et al., 1982b; Luque et al., Cilus gilberti; adult; gills; marine; Lima
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & (Chero et al., 2014c).
Luque, 1995). Hargicotyle chimbotensis (Tantaleán, 1974)
Paralonchurus peruanus; adult; gills;
Family Cemocotylidae Yamaguti, 1963 marine; Ancash (Tantaleán, 1974ab;
Cemocotyle sp. Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Trachurus murphyi; adult; gills; marine; Hargicotyle louisianensis (Hargis, 1955)
La Libertad, Piura (Tantaleán & Huiza, Cilus gilberti, Sciaena deliciosa; adult;
1994). gills; marine; Lima (Chero et al., 2014ac).
Cemocotyle trachuri Dillon & Hargis, 1965 Hargicotyle magna Oliva & Luque, 1989
 Trachurus murphyi; adult; gills; Cheilotrema fasciatum; adult; gills,
marine; Piura (Oliva, 1999). mouth; marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque,
1989b; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
Family Chauhaneidae Euzet & Trilles, Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998b).
1960 Hargicotyle menticirrhi Oliva & Luque, 1989
Oaxacotyle oaxacensis (Caballero & Bravo, Menticirrhus ophicephalus; adult; gills,
1964) Lebedev, 1984 mouth; marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque,
Peprilus medius; P. snyderi; adult; gills; 1989b; Luque et al., 1991; Luque 1994a;
marine; Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque,
2008; Ñacari & Sánchez, 2014). 1998b).
Hargicotyle paralonchuri Oliva & Luque,
Family Diclidophoridae Cerfontaine, 1895 1989
Choricotyle anisotremi Oliva, 1987 Cynoscion analis, Paralonchurus
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills; peruanus; adult; gills; marine; Lima
marine; Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, (Oliva & Luque, 1989b; Luque et al.,
2009b; Paschoal et al., 2015). 1991; Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Tantaleán &
Choricotyle caulolatili (Meserve, 1938) Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998b;
Sproston, 1946 Iannacone et al., 2001).
Caulolatilus sp.; adult; gills; marine; Hargicotyle peruensis (Tantaleán, 1974)
Ancash (Tantaleán et al., 1985b; Luque et Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena
al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).  deliciosa; adult; gills; marine; Ancash
Choricotyle isaciencis Oliva, González, Ruz (Tantaleán, 1974b; Tantaleán & Huiza,
& Luque, 2009 1994).
Isacia conceptionis; adult; gills; marine; Hargicotyle sciaenae Oliva & Luque, 1989
Lima (Iannacone et al., 2015). Sciaena deliciosa; adult; gills; marine;
Choricotyle scapularis Oliva, González, Ruz Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1989b; Luque et al.,
& Luque, 2009 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva &
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills; Luque, 1998b; Iannacone et al., 2010a).
marine; Lima (Chero et al., 2014d). Hargicotyle sp.
Choricotyle sonorensis Caballero & Bravo- Cynoscion analis, Sciaena deliciosa;
Hollis, 1962 adult; gills; marine; Ica (Tantaleán &
Isacia conceptionis, Sardinops sagax; Huiza, 1994).

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Hemitagia galapagensis (Meserve, 1938) Family Gastrocotylidae Price, 1943


Paralabrax humeralis; adult; gills; Pseudaxine sp.
marine; La Libertad, Lima, Piura Scomberomorus sierra; adult; unspecified
(Tantaleán et al., 1982; Luque et al., 1991; site of infection; marine; La Libertad
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). (Escalante et al., 1982b).
Neoheterobothrium cynoscioni
(MacCallum, 1917) Family Heteraxinidae Unnithan, 1957
Cynoscion analis; adult; gills; marine; Ica, Allencotyla mcintoshi (Price, 1962)
Lima, Tumbes (Tantaleán et al., 1982; Seriola lalandi; adult; gills; marine;
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Ancash (Tantaleán et al., 1988; Luque et
1994; Iannacone et al., 2001; Minaya et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
al., 2016). Cynoscionicola americanus Tantaleán,
Paraeurysorchis sarmientoi (Tantaleán, Martinez & Escalante, 1987
1974) Cheilotrema fasciatum, Cilus gilbert,
Seriolella violacea; adult; gills; marine; Menticirrhus ophicephalus,
Lima (Tantaleán, 1974b; Tantaleán et al., Paralonchurus peruanus, Stellifer minor;
1985b; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & adult; gills; marine; Ancash, Lima
Huiza, 1994; Iannacone, 2003). (Tantaleán et al., 1987; Luque et al., 1991;
Pedocotyle annakohni Luque & Iannacone, Luque & Oliva, 1993a; Luque, 1994a;
1989 Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque,
Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; Lima 1998b; Chero et al., 2014c).
(Luque & Iannacone, 1989b; Oliva et al., Cynoscionicola cynoscioni Tantaleán,
1990; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Martinez & Escalante, 1987
Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998b). Cynoscion analis; adult; gills; marine;
Pedocotyle bravoi Luque & Iannacone, 1989 Ancash, Lima, Tumbes (Tantaleán et al.,
Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; La 1987; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
Libertad, Lima, Northern coastal zone Huiza, 1994; Iannacone et al., 2001;
(Luque & Iannacone, 1989b; Oliva et al., Iannacone, 2005 ; Minaya et al., 2016).
1990; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Cynoscionicola intermedia Tantaleán,
Huiza, 1994; Jara, 1998; Oliva & Luque, Martinez & Escalante 1988
1998b). Xenistius peruanus; adult; gills; marine;
Pedocotyle sp. Ancash (Tantaleán et al., 1988; Luque et
Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; Ica, al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994;
Lambayeque (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Paschoal et al., 2015).
Pseudoeurysorchis travassosi Caballero & Cynoscionicola sciaenae Tantaleán, 1974
Bravo-Hollis, 1962 Sciaena deliciosa; adult; gills; marine;
Isacia conceptionis; adult; gills; marine; Ica, Lima (Tantaleán, 1974a; Luque et al.,
Ica, Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1985b; Luque 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva &
et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Luque, 1998b; Iannacone et al., 2010a;
Paschoal et al., 2015; Iannacone et al., Chero et al., 2014a).
2015). Cynoscionicola sp.
Teleurysorchis gumercindae Gonzaléz & Paralonchurus peruanus; Stellifer minor;
Sarmiento, 1990 adult; gills; marine; Ica, Lima (Oliva et al.,
Schedophilus haedrichi; adult; gills; 1989, 1990; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
marine; Ancash (González & Sarmiento, Zeuxapta seriolae (Meserve, 1938)
1990; Luque et al., 1991). Chloroscombrus orqueta; adult; gills;
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Tantaleán et

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Neotropical Helminthology. Vol. 10, Nº2, jul-dic 2016 Luque et al.

al., 1985b; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán Mamaev & Egorova, 1977
& Huiza, 1994). Caulolatilus sp.; adult; gills; marine;
Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1982; Tantaleán &
Family Macrovalvitrematidae Huiza, 1994).
Yamaguti, 1963 Metamicrocotyla macracantha (Alexander,
Macrovalvitrema sp. 1954) Koratha, 1955
 Sciaena deliciosa; adult; gills; marine; Mugil cephalus; adult; gills; marine;
Lima (Chero et al., 2014a). Ancash, Ica, Lima, Northen Coastal zone
Pterinotrematoides mexicanum Caballero & (Tantaleán, 1974a; Tantaleán et al., 1982;
Bravo-Hollis, 1955 Luque, 1994b; Luque et al., 1991;
Micropogonias sp.; adult; gills; marine; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Vásquez-Ruiz
Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1985b; Tantaleán et al., 2012).
& Huiza, 1994). Microcotyle nemadactylus Dillon & Hargis,
1965
Family Mazocraeidae Price, 1936 Cheilodactylus variegatus; adult; gills;
Kuhnia indica Tripathi, 1959 marine; Lima (Martínez & Barrantes,
Scomber japonicus; adult; gills; marine; 1977; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán &
Arequipa (Ruelas & Cordova, 1995). Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Luque, 1998a;
Kuhnia scombri (Kuhn, 1829) Sproston, Iannacone et al., 2003).
1945 Microcotyloides impudicus Caballero,
Scomber japonicus; adult; gills; marine; Bravo-Hollis & Grocott, 1955
Arequipa, Lambayeque, Lima (Tantaleán Polydactylus approximans; adult; gills;
et al., 1988; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
& Huiza, 1994; Oliva et al., 2008; Ruelas Neobivagina chita Tantaleán, Morales &
& Cordova, 1995). Escalante, 1998
Kuhnia sp. Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine;
Trachinotus paitensis; adult; gills; marine; Lima (Tantaleán et al., 1998;
marine; La Libertad (Jara, 1998). Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009; Chero et al.,
Kuhnia sprostonae Price, 1961 2014d; Paschoal et al., 2015).
Scomber japonicus; adult; gills; marine;
Ancash, Lambayeque, Lima (Tantaleán et Family Protomicrocotylidae Johnston &
al., 1988; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Tiegs, 1922
Huiza, 1994; Oliva et al., 2008). Neomicrocotyle sp.
Caranx hippos; adult; gills; marine; La
Family Microcotylidae Taschenberg, 1879 Libertad, Piura (Tantaleán & Huiza,
Bicotylophora trachinoti (MacCallum, 1921) 1994).
Price, 1936
Trachinotus paitensis; adult; gills; marine; Family Pyragraphoridae Yamaguti, 1963
Ica, Lima, Piura (Iannacone & Luque, Pyragraphorus pyragraphorus (MacCallum
1990; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & & MacCallum, 1913) Sproston, 1946
Huiza, 1994). Trachinotus paitensis; adult; unspecified
Intracotyle neghmei (Villalba, 1987) Oliva & site of infection; marine; Piura (Iannacone
Luque, 1995 & Luque, 1990).
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; gills;
marine; Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1995; Family Thoracocotylidae Price, 1936
Paschoal et al., 2015). Mexicotyle mexicana (Meserve, 1938)
Jaliscia caballeroi (Bravo-Hollis, 1960) Scomberomorus sierra; adult; gills;

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marine; Ancash, Ica (Escalante et al., Potamotrygon sp.; adult; gills; freshwater;
1982b; Tantaleán et al., 1988; Tantaleán & Loreto (Domingues & Marques, 2011).
Huiza, 1994). Potamotrygonocotyle tsalickisi Mayes,
Thoracocotyle crocea MacCallum, 1913 Brooks & Thorson, 1981
Scomberomorus sierra; adult; gills; Potamotrygon sp.; adult; gills; freshwater;
marine; Ica, La Libertad (Tantaleán et al., Rio Madre de Dios (Domingues &
1985b; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Marques, 2011).
Huiza, 1994).
Class Trematoda Rudolphi, 1808
Order Monocotylidea Lebedev, 1988 Order Aspidogastrida Dollfus, 1958

Family Loimoidae Price, 1936 Family Aspidogastridae Poche, 1907


Loimos scoliodoni (Manter, 1938) Lobatostoma anisotremum Oliva &
Mustelus dorsalis; adult; gills; marine; La Carvajal, 1984
Libertad, Piura (Tantaleán et al., 1988; Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine,
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). stomach; marine; Central Coast, Lima,
Loimos sp. Zona Sur (Moquegua-Tacna) (Ruelas &
Stellifer minor; adult; gills; marine; La Córdova, 1995; Oliva & Luque, 1989a;
Libertad (Jara, 1998). Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1994; Chero et al., 2014d; Alves et al.,
2015b; Paschoal et al., 2015).
Family Monocotylidae Taschenberg, 1879
Lobatostoma kemostoma (MacCallum &
Anoplocotyloides chorrillensis Luque &
MacCallum, 1913)
Iannacone, 1991
Trachinotus paitensis; adult; intestine;
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; gills;
marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993b;
marine; Lima (Luque & Iannacone,
Alves et al., 2015b).
1991b).
Lobatostoma pacificum Manter, 1940
Anoplocotyloides papillatus (Doran, 1953)
Trachinotus paitensis, T. rhodopus; adult;
Young, 1967
intestine; marine; Central Coast, La
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; gills;
Libertad, Lima (Oliva & Luque, 1989a;
marine; Lima (Luque & Iannacone,
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza,
1991b).
1994, Jara, 1998; Alves et al., 2015b).
Heterocotyle sp.
Lobatostoma sp.
Rhinobatos planiceps; adult; gills;
Peprilus medius, Trachinotus paitensis;
marine; La Libertad (Escalante et al.,
adult; intestine; marine; La Libertad,
1982b; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, 2008).
Potamotrygonocotyle chisholmae
Lobatostoma veranoi Oliva & Luque, 1989
Domingues & Marques, 2007
Menticirrhus ophicephalus; adult;
Potamotrygon motoro adult; gills;
intestine; marine; Central Coast, Lima
freshwater; Madre de Dios (Domingues &
(Oliva & Luque, 1989ab; Luque et al.,
Marques, 2011).
1991; Luque, 1994a; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Potamotrygonocotyle dromedarius
1994; Alves et al., 2015b).
Domingues & Marques, 2007
Potamotrygon motoro; adult; gills;
Order Plagiorchiida La Rue, 1957
freshwater; Madre de Dios (Domingues &
Marques, 2011).
Family Allocreadiidae Looss, 1902
Potamotrygonocotyle rionegrense
Auriculostoma foliaceum Curran, Tkach &
Domingues, Pancera & Marques, 2007

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Overstreet, 2011 Notoporus sp.


Bryconops caudomaculatus; adult; Orthopristis chalceus; adult; intestine;
intestine; freshwater; Loreto (Curran et marine; Northern coastal zone (Escalante
al., 2011). et al., 1984; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994;
Auriculostoma diagonale Curran, Tkach & Paschoal et al., 2015).
Overstreet, 2011 Plagioporus sp.
Stethaprion erythrops; adult; intestine; Cilus gilberti; adult; intestine; marine;
freshwater; Loreto (Curran et al., 2011) Lima (Chero et al., 2014c).
Pseudopecoelus sp.
Family Opecoelidae Ozaki, 1925 Sebastes capensis; adult; intestine;
Anisoporus sp. marine; Lima (González & Poulin, 2005;
Paralichthys woolmani; adult; intestine; González et al., 2006).
marine; La Libertad (Luque et al., 1991; Sphaerostoma sp.
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Aequidens rivulatus; adult; intestine;
Bunoderina sp. freshwater; La Libertad (Jara, 1997; Jara
Brycon atrocaudatus; adult; intestine; et al., 1998).
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara et al., 1997). Villarrealina peruana Bolaños & Salas, 1982
Cainocreadium sp. Cilus gilberti, Sciaena deliciosa; adult;
Paralichthys adspersus, Stellifer minor; intestine; marine; Lima (Luque et al.,
adult; intestine, pyloric caecum; marine; 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Chero et
Lambayeque, Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, al., 2014c).
1994; Iannacone et al., 2012a).
Helicometra fasciata (Rudolphi, 1819) Family Azygiidae Lühe, 1909
Odhner, 1902 Otodistomum veliporum (Creplin, 1837)
Cheilotrema fasciatum, Cilus gilberti, Stafford, 1934
Gymnothorax porphyreus, Labrisomus Squatina armata, Sympterygia
philippii, Lepophidium sp., Menticirrhus brevicaudata; adult; coelomic cavity,
ophicephalus, Paralabrax humeralis, stomach; marine; Ancash, La Libertad
Paralonchurus peruanus, Sciaena (Escalante & Jara, 1983; Tantaleán, 1991;
deliciosa, Stellifer minor; adult; intestine; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
marine; Arequipa, Ica, La Libertad, Lima
(Tantaleán et al., 1975; Luque et al., 1991; Family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907
Luque & Oliva, 1993ab; Luque, 1994a; Bucephalus sp.
Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Jara, 1998; Labrisomus philippii; adult; larvae;
Oliva & Luque, 1998b, 2002; Iannacone, stomach; muscles; marine; Lima (Oliva &
2004; Iannacone et al., 2010a; Iannacone Luque, 2002; Cruces et al., 2015).
et al., 2011b; Chero et al., 2014ac) Dollfustrema sp.
Helicometrina nimia Linton, 1910 Strongylura scapularis; intestine; marine;
Sebastes capensis, Sicyases sanguineus; Northern coastal zone (Escalante et al.,
adult; intestine; marine; Lima (González 1984a; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
& Poulin, 2005; González et al., 2006; Prosorhynchoides carvajali Munoz & Bott,
Iannacone & Alvariño, 2011). 2011
Helicometrina sp. Labrisomus philippii; adult; intestine;
Acanthistius pictus, Paralabrax stomach; marine; Lima (Cruces et al.,
humeralis; adult; intestine; marine; 2015).
Arequipa, Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, Prosorhynchoides rioplatensis (Szidat,
1994). 1970) Lunaschi, 2003

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Labrisomus philippii; adult; intestine; marine; 1994).


Lima (Iannacone et al., 2011b) Anaporrhutum sp.
Prosorhynchoides sp. Scomberomorus sierra; adult; abdominal
Labrisomus philippii, Odontesthes regia, cavity; marine; Piura (Tantaleán & Huiza,
Paralichthys adspersus, Sicyases 1994).
sanguineus; adult; intestine, muscles; Nagmia peruviana Tantaleán & Rodríguez,
marine; Lambayeque, Lima, Northern 1990
coastal zone, Piura (Escalante et al., Mobula thurstoni; adult; visceral cavity;
1984b; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & marine; Ancash, Lima (Escalante et al.,
Luque, 2002). 1983; Tantaleán & Rodriguez, 1990;
Prosorhynchus sp. Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Alphestes afer, Katsuwonus pelamis, Phyllodistomum sp.
Labrisomus philippii, Merluccius gayi Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum,
peruanus, Scartichthys gigas; adult, Trachinotus paitensis; adult; kidney,
larvae; caecum intestine, muscles; urynary blader; freshwater, marine; La
marine; Ancash, La Libertad, Lima Libertad, Loreto (Tantaleán et al., 1985b;
(Durán & Oliva, 1980; Escalante & Jara, Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
1983; Escalante et al., 1984a; Luque,
1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Oliva & Family Fellodistomidae Nicoll, 1909
Luque, 2002). Monascus sp.
Rhipidocotyle adbaculum Manter, 1940 Trachurus murphyi; adult; intestine;
Sarda chiliensis; adult; stomach; marine; marine; Lambayeque, Piura, (Tantaleán &
Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Huiza, 1994). Proctoeces lintoni Siddiqi & Cable, 1960
Rhipidocotyle sp. A n i s o t re m u s s c a p u l a r i s , I s a c i a
Sarda chiliensis; Cilus gilbert; adult; conceptionis, Sicyases sanguineus; adult;
intestine; marine; Arequipa (Tantaleán & intestine; marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva,
Huiza, 1994). 1993b; Iannacone & Alvariño, 2009b;
2011; Paschoal et al., 2015; Iannacone et
Family Echinostomatide Looss, 1899 al., 2015).
Caballerotrema arapaimense Thatcher, Proctoeces sp.
1980 A n i s o t re m u s s c a p u l a r i s , I s a c i a
Arapaima gigas; adult; intestine; conceptionis, Sicyases sanguineus; adult;
freshwater; Loreto (Mathews et al., gills, intestine; marine; Ica, La Libertad,
2013a). Lima, (Escalante et al., 1984a; Tantaleán
Caballerotrema brasiliense Prudhoe, 1960 et al., 1992; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994;
Arapaima gigas; adult; intestine; Chero et al., 2014d; Paschoal et al., 2015).
freshwater; Loreto (Serrano-Martínez et
al., 2015). Family Haploporidae Nicoll, 1914
Dicrogaster sp.
Family Gorgoderidae Looss, 1899 Mugil cephalus; adult; intestine;
Anaporrhutum albidum Brandes in freshwater; La Libertad (Tantaleán et al.,
Ofenheim, 1900 1985a; Jara, 1997).
Myliobatis peruvianus; adult; intestine, Lecithobotrioides elongatus Thatcher, 1999
visceral cavity; marine; Ancash, Lima Prochilodus nigricans; adult; intestine;
(Escalante et al., 1983; Tantaleán & freshwater; Loreto (Mathews et al.,
Rodriguez, 1987; Tantaleán & Huiza, 2013b).

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Metamegasolena sp. Derogenes varicus (Müller, 1784) Looss,


Scartichthys gigas; adult; intestine; 1901
marine; Lima (Tarmeño et al., 2015). Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult;
Saccocoelium sp. intestine; marine; Lima (Chero et al.,
Mugil cephalus; adult; intestine; 2014b).
freshwater; La Libertad (Tantaleán et al., Genarchella overstreeti (Brooks, Mayes &
1985a). Thorson, 1979) Lunaschi, 1989
Saccocoeloides sp. Hoplias malabaricus, adult; intestine;
Mugil cephalus; adult; intestine; freshwater; Loreto, Madre de Dios
freshwater; La Libertad (Tantaleán et al., (Iannacone & Luque, 1993b).
1985a).
Family Didymozoidae Monticelli, 1888
Family Haplosplanchnidae Poche, 1926 Didymozoidae gen. sp.
Hymenocotta manteri Overstreet, 1969 Cilus gilberti; larvae; intestinr; marine;
Mugil cephalus; adult; intestine; marine; Lima (Chero et al., 2014c).
Ancash, Lima (González & Sarmiento, Didimozoidea gen. sp.
1986; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Scomber japonicus; adult; mesentery;
Huiza, 1994). marine; La Libertad (Cruces et al., 2014).
Brasicystis bennetti Thatcher, 1979
Family Accacoeliidae Odhner, 1911 Plagioscion squamosissimus; adult;
Accacladocoelium alveolatum Robinson, intestine; freshwater; Loreto (Iannacone
1934 & Luque, 1993b).
Mola mola; adult; intestine; marine; Lima Didymocystis sp.
(Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Scomber japonicus; adult; unspecified
Accacoelium sp. site of infection; marine; Lima (Oliva et
Brama japonica; adult; operculum; al., 2008).
marine; Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, Didymoproblema sp.
2013). Katsuwonus pelamis; adult; gills; marine;
North Zone (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Family Bathycotylidae Dollfus, 1932 Didymozoon sp.
Bathycotyle branchialis Darr, 1902 Brama japonica; Scomberomorus sierra;
Coryphaena hippurus; adult; intestine; adult; intestine, operculum; marine; Lima,
marine; Lima (López & Tantaleán, 1985; Northern coastal zone (Tantaleán &
Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán & Huiza, Huiza, 1994; Iannacone & Alvariño,
1994). 2013).
Koellikeria filicollis (Rudolphi, 1819)
Family Derogenidae Nicoll, 1910 Brama japonica; adult; general cavidad;
Gonocercella pacifica Manter, 1940 marine; Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño,
Trachinotus paitensis; adult; intestine; 2013).
marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993b). Koellikeria sp.
Gonocercella sp. Scomber japonicus; adult; mesentery;
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine; marine; La Libertad (Cruces et al., 2014).
marine; Zona Sur (Moquegua-Tacna) Koellikerioides sp.
(Ruelas & Córdova, 1995). Sarda chiliensis; adult; intestine; marine;
Gonocerca sp. Arequipa (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Trachinotus paitensis; adult; intestine; Maccallumtrema sp.
marine, La Libertad (Jara, 1998). Scomber japonicus; adult; mesentery;

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marine; La Libertad (Cruces et al., 2014). G y m n o t h o r a x p o r p h y re u s ; a d u l t ;


Metanematobothrium sp. intestine; marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva,
Sarda chiliensis; adult; gills; marine; 1993b).
Arequipa (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). Lecithochirium genypteri Manter, 1954
Nematobothrium scombri (Taschenberg, Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult;
1879) intestine; marine; Lima (Chero et al.,
Scomber japonicus; adult; gills, ovary, 2014b).
internal face of operculum; marine; La Lecithochirium macrorchis (Crowcroft,
Libertad, Lima (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; 1946)
Cruces et al., 2014). Labrisomus philippii; adult; gonads;
Nematobothriinae gen. sp. intestine; stomach; marine; Lima (Cruces
Scomber japonicus; adult; gonads; et al., 2015).
marine; Lambayeque (Tantaleán & Huiza, Lecithochirium muraenae Manter, 1940
1994). G y m n o t h o r a x p o r p h y re u s ; a d u l t ;
Ovarionematobothrium saba Kamegai & stomach; marine; Lima (Tantaleán &
Shimazu, 1982 Huiza, 1994).
Scomber japonicus; adult; gonads; Lecithochirium sp.
marine; La Libertad, Lima (Oliva et al., Centropomus nigrescens, Labrisomus
2008; Cruces et al., 2014). philippii; adult; digestive tract, intestine,
Unitubulotestis pelamydis (Taschenburg, stomach; marine; Arequipa, Ancash,
1879) Lima, Moquegua, Tacna (Rivera &
Sarda chiliensis; adult; gills; marine; Sarmiento, 1990a; Luque et al., 1991;
Lima (Chero et al., 2015b) Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Unitubulotestis sp. Lecithocladium cristatum (Rudolphi, 1819)
Sarda chiliensis, Scomber japonicus; Looss, 1907
adult; internal face of operculum; marine; Peprilus snyderi; Seriolella violácea,
Northern coastal zone (Tantaleán & Stromateus stellatus; adult; intestine;
Huiza, 1994). marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993b;
Iannacone et al., 2010; Ñacari & Sánchez,
Family Hemiuridae Looss, 1899 2014).
Dinurus longisinus Looss, 1907 Lecithocladium sp.
Coryphaena hippurus; adult; stomach; Centropomus nigrescens, Peprilus
marine; Lima, Northen Coastal zone medius, Seriolella violácea, Trachinotus
(López & Tantaleán, 1985; Tantaleán & paitensis; adult; intestine; marine;
Huiza, 1994; Vásquez-Ruiz et al., 2012). Arequipa, Ancash, La Libertad, Lima,
Dinurus sp. Moquegua, Tacna (Tantaleán & Huiza,
Coryphaena hippurus, Trachinotus 1994; Jara, 1998; Iannacone & Alvariño,
paitensis; adult; digestive tract, stomach; 2008).
marine; Arequipa, La Libertad, Myosaccium sp.
Moquegua, Tacna (Tantaleán & Huiza, Alphestes afer; adult; intestine; marine; La
1994; Jara, 1998). Libertad (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Ectenurus sp. Parahemiurus sp.
Alphestes afer, Trachinotus rhodopus; Centropomus nigrescens, Trachinotus
adult; intestine, stomach; marine; La rhodopus; adult; intestine, stomach;
Libertad (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). marine; Ancash, La Libertad (Tantaleán &
Lecithochirium callaoensis Luque & Oliva, Huiza, 1994).
1993

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Family Lecithasteridae Odhner, 1905 marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993b).
Aponurus sp. Diphtherostomum sp.
Alphestes afer; adult; intestine; marine; La Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine;
Libertad (Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994). marine; Lambayeque, Lima, Piura
Lecithasteridae gen. sp. (Tantaleán et al., 1992; Tantaleán &
Sicyases sanguineus; adult; intestine; Huiza, 1994).
marine; Lima (Iannacone & Alvariño, Zoogonus dextrocirrus Aldrich, 1961
2011). Labrisomus philippii, Scartichthys gigas;
adult; stomach; marine; Lima (Cruces et
Family Syncoeliidae Looss, 1899 al., 2015; Tarmeño et al., 2015).
Copiatestes filiferus (Leuckart, 1885) Zoogonus pagrosomi Yamaguti, 1939
Hemilutjanus macrophthalmos; adult; Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult;
intestine; marine; Lima (Tantaleán & intestine; marine; Lima (Rivera, 1992;
Lefevre, 2004). Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Zoogonus rubellus (Olsson, 1868) Odhner,
Family Apocreadiidae Skrjabin, 1942 1902
Myzotus sp. Labrisomus philippii, Merluccius gayi
Caulolatilus affinis, Coryphaena peruanus, Scartichthys gigas; adult;
hippurus; adult; intestine; marine; intestine; marine; Lima (Durán & Oliva,
Northern coastal zone (Escalante et al., 1980; Luque & Oliva, 1993b; Oliva &
1984a; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994; Luque, 2002; Oliva & Ballón, 2002;
Vásquez-Ruiz et al., 2012). Iannacone & Alvariño, 2003; Iannacone et
al., 2011b; Iannacone et al., 2012b).
Family Lepocreadiidae Odhner, 1905 Zoogonus sp.
Lepocreadium trachinoti Wang, 1987 Merluccius gayi peruanus, Scartichthys
Scartichthys gigas; adult; intestine; gigas; adult; intestine; marine; La
marine; Lima (Tarmeño et al., 2015). Libertad, Lima (Durán & Oliva, 1980;
Lepidapedon sp. Escalante et al., 1984a; Tantaleán &
Peprilus snyderi; adult; intestine; marine; Huiza, 1994).
Lima (Ñacari & Sánchez, 2014).
Opechona bacillaris (Molin, 1859) Dolfus, Family Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911
1927 Lasiotocus glebulentus Overstreet, 1971
Peprilus medius; adult; unspecified site of Mugil cephalus; adult; intestine; marine;
infection; marine; Lima (Iannacone & Ancash, Lima (Luque et al., 1991; Luque
Alvariño, 2008). & Oliva, 1993b; Tantaleán & Huiza,
Opechona pharyngodactyla Manter, 1940 1994).
Peprilus snyderi; adult; intestine; marine; Lasiotocus longicaecum (Manter, 1940)
Lima (Ñacari & Sánchez, 2014). Yamaguti, 1954
Prodistomum orientalis (Layman, 1930) Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine;
Bray & Gibson, 1990 marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993b;
Scomber japonicus; adult; caecum; Paschoal et al., 2015).
marine; La Libertad (Cruces et al., 2014). Lasiotocus sp.
Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine;
Family Zoogonidae Odhner, 1902 marine; Lima (Chero et al., 2014d).
Diphtherostomum brusinae (Stossich, 1888) Monorchis latus Manter, 1942
Stossich, 1903 Anisotremus scapularis; adult; intestine;
Isacia conceptionis; adult; intestine; marine; Lima (Luque & Oliva, 1993b;

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Paschoal et al., 2015). Genypterus sp.; adult; gill arteries;


marine; Lima (Tantaleán & Martinez,
Family Heterophyidae Leiper, 1909 1990; Tantaleán & Huiza, 1994).
Ascocotyle longa Ransom, 1920 Aporocotyle wilhelmi Villalba & Fernández,
Mugil cephalus; larvae; mesentery; 1986
freshwater; La Libertad, Lima (Armas, Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gills;
1979; Jara & Escalante, 1982; Mateo et marine; Lima (Martínez et al., 2013;
al., 1985; Luque et al., 1991). Chero et al., 2014b).
Centrocestus sp. Aporocotyle sp.
Aequidens rivulatus, Xiphophorus Merluccius gayi peruanus; adult; gill
hellerii; larvae; gills; freshwater; La arteries, heart; marine; Lima (Durán &
Libertad (Pais, 1996; Jara, 1997; Jara et Oliva, 1980; Luque et al., 1991; Tantaleán
al., 1998). & Huiza, 1994).
Heterophyes sp. Cladocaecum tomasscholzi Orélis-Ribeiro &
Mugil cephalus; larvae; muscles; Bullard, 2016
freshwater; La Libertad (Armas, 1979). Ageneiosus inermis; adult; heart;
Pygidiopsis sp. freshwater; Loreto (Orélis-Ribeiro &
Aequidens rivulatus, Bryconamericus Bullard, 2016).
peruanus, Trichomycterus dispar; larvae; Kritskya platyrhynchi (Guidelli, Isaac &
liver, mesentery; freshwater; La Libertad Pavanelli, 2002) Orélis-Ribeiro &
(Jara & Esacante, 1986; Jara et al., 1990; Bullard, 2016
Jara, 1997). Hemisorubim platyrhynchos; adult; body
cavity; freshwater; Loreto (Orélis-Ribeiro
Family Cladorchiidae Fischoeder, 1901 & Bullard, 2016).
Dadaytrema sp. Plehniella sabajperezi Orélis-Ribeiro &
Piaractus brachypomus; adult; intestine; Bullard, 2015
freshwater; Loreto (Tantaleán et al., Pimelodus blochii; adult; body cavity;
1985a). freshwater; Loreto (Orélis-Ribeiro &
Pseudocladorchis ferrumequinum (Diesing, Bullard, 2015).
1836)
Doradidae gen. sp.; adult; intestine; Family Cyathocotylidae Mühling, 1898
freshwater; Ucayali (Tantaleán et al., Mesostephanus sp.
1974). Mugil cephalus; larvae; muscles;
freshwater; La Libertad (Armas, 1979).
Order Diplostomida Olson, Cribb, Tkach,
Bray & Littlewood, 2003 Family Diplostomidae Poirier, 1886
Diplostomulum sp.
Family Callodistomidae Odhner, 1910 Odontesthes bonariensis, Orestias albus,
Prosthenhystera obesa (Diesing, 1850) O. luteus, Orestias sp.; larvae; brain;
Travassos, 1922 freshwater; Puno (Tantaleán et al., 1974,
Hoplias malabaricus; adult; Gall bladder; 1975; Hurtado et al., 1977).
freshwater; Loreto (Olson et al., 2003 ; Neascus sp.
Tkach & Curran, 2015). Bryconamericus peruanus; larvae; fins,
skin; freshwater; Lambayeque (Tantaleán
Family Aporocotylidae Odhner, 1912 et al., 1985a).
Aporocotyle garciai Tantaleán & Martínez,
1990 Family Clinostomidae Lühe, 1901

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Clinostomum marginatum (Rudolphi, 1819) antofagastensis, Gonocercella sp.,


Braun, 1899 Gorgorhynchus sp., Intracotyle neghmei,
Tr i c h o m y c t e r u s p i u r a e ; l a r v a e ; Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Lasiotocus
mesentery; freshwater; Ica, La Libertad longicaecum, Lasiotocus sp.,
(Tantaleán et al., 1974). L e r n a n t h ro p u s a n t o f a g a s t e n s i s ,
Clinostomum sp. Lobatostoma anisotremum,
Aequidens rivulatus; larvae; operculum; Metapeniculus anofagastensis, Mexicana
freshwater; La Libertad (Jara, 1997; Jara sp., Monorchis latus, Neobivagina chita,
et al., 1998). Parabrachiella anisotremi, Philometra
sp., Proctoeces sp., Proctoeces lintoni,
HOST-PARASITE LIST Profilicollis altmani, Proleptus carvajali.
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) Aplodactylus punctatus Valenciennes, 1832
Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) (Aplodactylidae): Encotyllabe sp.
(Belonidae): Bomolochus constrictus, Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822)
Caligodes laciniatus, Lernanthropus (Arapaimatidae): Caballerotrema
tylosuri. arapaimense, C. brasiliense, Dawestrema
A c a n t h i s t i u s p i c t u s ( Ts c h u d i , 1 8 4 6 ) cycloancistrioides, D. cycloancistrum,
(Serranidae): Helicometrina sp. Goezia spinulosa, Nesolecithus janicki,
Aequidens rivulatus (Günther, 1860) Nilonema senticosum, Schizochoerus
(Cichlidae): Urocleidus sp., liguloideus, Tetraonchus monenteron. .
Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sp., Ariopsis seemanni (Günther, 1864) (Ariidae):
Centrocestus sp., Clinostomum sp., Adenocephalus pacificus.
Contracaecum sp., Pygidiopsis sp., Aspistogramma sp. (Cichlidae): Dactylogyrus
Sphaerostoma sp. sp.
Aequidens sp. (Cichlidae): Pandosentis Astronotus ocellatus (Agassiz, 1831)
iracundus. (Cichlidae): Contracaecum sp., Gussevia
Ageneiosus inermis (Linnaeus, 1766) asota, Proteocephalus gibsoni.
(Auchenipteridae): Ageneiella sp., Auxis thazard thazard (Lacepède, 1800)
Cladocaecum tomasscholzi, Gibsoniela (Scombridae): Anilocra huacho.
mandube. Brachyplatystoma cf. filamentosum
Ageneiosus sp. (Auchenipteridae): Gibsoniela (Lichtenstein, 1819) (Pimelodidae):
mandube. Amphoteromorphus ovalis, Endorchis
Ageneiosus vittatus Steindachner, 1908 piraeeba, Nomimoscolex suspectus.
(Auchenipteridae): Dactylogyridae gen. Brachyplatystoma juruense (Boulenger, 1898)
sp. (Pimelodidae): Alinema amazonicum,
Aguarunichthys torosus Stewart, 1986 Demidospermus mortenthaleri.
(Pimelodidae): Unibarra Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii (Castelnau,
paranoplatensis. 1855) (Pimelodidae): Amphoteromorphus
Alphestes afer (Bloch, 1793) (Serranidae): peniculus, A. piriformis.
Aponurus sp., Ectenurus sp., Myosaccium Brachyplatystoma vaillantii (Valenciennes,
sp., Prosorhynchus sp. 1840) (Pimelodidae): Chambriella sp.,
Anisotremus scapularis (Tschudi, 1846) Demidospermus sp., Harriscolex
(Haemulidae): Adenocephalus pacificus, piramutab.
Choricotyle anisotremi, Ch. scapularis, Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878 (Bramidae):
Clavella applicata, Colobomatus Accacoelium sp., Corynosoma sp.,
quadrifarius, Cymothoa sp., Contracaecum sp., Didymozoon sp.,
Diphtherostomum sp., Encotyllabe Hatschekia conífera, Hepatoxylon

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trichiuri, Koellikeria filicollis, Nybelinia Microcotyle nemadactylus.


sp. Cheilotrema fasciatum Tschudi, 1846
B r y c o n a t ro c a u d a t u s ( K n e r, 1 8 6 3 ) (Sciaenidae): Caligus callaoensis,
(Characidae): Bunoderina sp., Camallanus sp., Cynoscionicola
Contracaecum sp., americanus, Diplectanidae gen. sp. 1,
Paracamallanus sp. Diplectanidae gen. sp. 2, Hargicotyle
B r y c o n c e p h a l u s ( G ü n t h e r, 1 8 6 9 ) magna, Helicometra fasciata, Kudoa
(Characidae): Amplexibranchius sciaenae, Lacistorhynchus dollfusi,
bryconis, Capillaria sp., Jainus Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Parabrachiella
amazonensis fasciata.
Bryconamericus peruanus (Müller & Cherublemma emmelas (Gilbert, 1890)
Troschel, 1845) (Characidae): (Ophidiidae): Chondracanthus
Anacanthocotyle sp., Procamallanus lepophidii.
(Spirocamallanus) sp., Neascus sp., Chloroscombrus orqueta Jordan & Gilbert,
Pygidiopsis sp. 1883 (Carangidae): Zeuxapta seriolae
Bryconops caudomaculatus (Günther, 1864) Cichla monoculus Agassiz, 1831 (Cichlidae):
(Characidae): Auriculostoma foliaceum. Gussevia longihaptor, G. undulata,
Calophysus macropterus (Lichtenstein, 1819) Proteocephalus macrophallus, P.
(Pimelodidae): Alinema amazonicum, m i c ro s c o p i c u s , S c i a d o c e p h a l u s
Ameloblastella unapi, Demidospermus megalodiscus, Tucunarella cichlae.
macropteri, Monticellia amazonica, Cichlasoma amazonarum Kullander, 1983
Rudolphiella piracatinga. (Cichlidae): Dolops geayi, Gussevia
Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758) disparoides, Proteocephalidea gen. sp.,
(Cyprinidae): Dactylogyrus sp., Sciadicleithrum variabilum.
Gyrodactylus sp., Thellohanellus sp., Cichlasoma sp. (Cichlidae): Dactylogyrus sp.
Zschokkella sp. Cilus gilberti (Abbott, 1899) (Sciaenidae):
Caranx hippos (Linnaeus, 1766) Adenocephalus pacificus, Anisakis sp.,
( C ar an g id ae) : Allo p yr a g r a p h o r u s Callitetrarhynchus gracilis, Choricotyle
caballeroi, Neomicrocotyle sp. sp., Corynosoma obtuscens,
Caulolatilus affinis Gill, 1865 Cynoscionicola americanus, Dichelyne
(Malacanthidae): Myzotus sp. (Cucullanellus) elongatus,
Caulolatilus sp. (Malacanthidae): Choricotyle Didymozoidae gen sp., Hargicotyle
caulolatili, Jaliscia caballeroi. louisianensis, Helicometra fasciata,
Centromochlus heckelii (De Filippi, 1853) Lernanthropus pacificus, Parabrachiella
(Auchenipteridae): Demidospermus sp., Philometridae gen sp., Piscicolidae
centromochli. gen. sp., Plagioporus sp.,
Centropomus nigrescens Günther, 1864 Poecilancistrum caryophyllum, Proleptus
(Centropomidae): Floriceps saccatus, carvajali, Raphidascaris sp.,
Lecithochirium sp., Lecithocladium sp., Rhipidocotyle sp., Villarrealina peruana.
P a r a h e m i u r u s s p . , Te n t a c u l a r i a Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1816)
coryphaenae. (Characidae): Anacanthorus spathulatus,
Chaetobranchus semifasciatus Steindachner, Dactylogyridae gen. sp., Gyrodactylidae
1875 (Cichlidae): Gussevia tucunarense. gen. sp., Lernaea gamitanae,
Cheilodactylus variegatus Valenciennes, 1833 Myxobolidae gen. sp.,
(Cheilodactylidae): Caligus cheilodactyli, Neoechinorhynchus sp.
Clavellotis dilatata, Lacistorhynchus Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758
tenuis, Macrophyllida antarctica, (Coryphaenidae): Adenocephalus

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pacificus, Anisakis sp., Anisakis physeteris, Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Proleptus sp.


Bathycotyle branchialis, Caligus Galeichthys sp. (Ariidae): Lepeophtheirus
coryphaenae, Caligus sp., marginatus.
Chondracanthus sp., Contracaecum sp., Genypterus maculatus (Tschudi, 1846)
Corynosoma obtuscens, Dinurus sp., (Ophidiidae): Adenocephalus pacificus,
Dinurus longisinus, Hysterothylacium “Scolex pleuronectis”.
sp., Hysterothylacium aduncum, H. Genypterus sp. (Ophidiidae): Aporocotyle
pelagicum, Myzotus sp., Nybelinia sp., garciai, Neobenedenia sp.
Pterobothrium acanthotruncatum, Pseudohaliotrema sp.
“Scolex pleuronectis”, Tentacularia Geophagus steindachneri Eigenmann &
coryphaenae. Hildebrand, 1922 (Cichlidae):
Crenicichla anthurus Cope, 1872 (Cichlidae): Cosmoxynemoides aguirrei, Ichthyouris
Myxosporea fam. gen. sp. ro, Pandosentis iracundus.
Cubiceps caeruleus Regan, 1914 (Nomeidae): Goeldiella eques (Müller & Troschel, 1849)
Anilocra huacho. (Heptapteridae): Aphanoblastella
Cynoscion analis (Jenyns, 1842) (Sciaenidae): aurorae, Aphanoblastella sp., Nupelia sp.
Adenocephalus pacificus, Anisakis sp., Gymnothorax porphyreus (Guichenot, 1848)
Ceratothoa gaudichaudii, Corynosoma (Muraenidae): Helicometra fasciata,
obtuscens, Corynosoma sp., Lecithochirium callaoensis, L. muraenae.
Cynoscionicola cynoscioni, Diplectanum Haemulon steindachneri (Jordan & Gilbert,
sp., Hargicotyle sp., Hargicotyle 1882) (Haemulidae): Mexicana
paralonchuri, Lernanthropus Huamani, iannaconi.
Lernanthropus sp., L. paralonchuri, H a s s a r o re s t i s ( S t e i n d a c h n e r, 1 8 7 5 )
Neoheterobothrium cynoscioni, Nybelinia (Doradidae): Cosmetocleithrum sp.
sp., Otobothrium sp., Procamallanus sp., Hassar sp. (Doradidae): Ameloblastella sp.
Tegorhynchus sp. Hemanthias peruanus (Steindachner, 1875)
Cyprinus carpio carpio Linnaeus, 1758 (Serranidae): Blias prionoti.
(Cyprinidae): Dactylogyrus vastator Hemilutjanus macrophthalmos (Tschudi,
Duopalatinus cf. peruanus Eigenmann & 1846) (Serranidae): Callitetrarhynchus
Allen, 1942 (Pimelodidae): gracilis, Copiatestes filiferus,
Sharpilosentis peruviensis. Glossobothrium sp. Gorgorhynchus sp.
Doradidae gen. sp.: Pseudocladorchis Hemisorubim platyrhynchos (Valenciennes,
ferrumequinum. 1840) (Pimelodidae): Chambriella
Ethmidium maculatum (Valenciennes, 1847) paranaensis, Kritsky platyrhynchi,
(Clupeidae): Contracaecum sp., “Scolex Mariauxiella piscatorum, Spatulifer
pleuronectis”. maringaensis, Vancleaveus platyrhynchi.
Exocoetus volitans Linnaeus, 1758 Heros severus Heckel, 1840 (Cichlidae):
(Exocoetidae): Axine ibanezi. Gussevia alioides, G. disparoides.
Farlowella amazonum (Günther, 1864) Hippoglossina bollmani Gilbert, 1890
( L o r i c a r i i d a e ) : O ö g y ro d a c t y l u s ( P a r a l i c h t h y i d a e ) : P ro t o c h o n d r i a
farlowellae. longicauda.
Galeichthys peruvianus Lütken, 1874 Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794)
(Ariidae): Adenocephalus pacificus, (Erythrinidae): Genarchella overstreeti,
Anisakis sp., Ascarophis sp., Prosthenhystera obesa, Urocleidoides
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis, Corynosoma eremitus.
obtuscens, Hamaticolax galeichthyos, Hypophthalmus edentatus Spix & Agassiz,
Hamatopeduncularia sp., 1829 (Pimelodidae): Ameloblastella sp.

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Dactylogyridae gen. sp. (Jenyns, 1840) (Sciaenidae):


I s a c i a c o n c e p t i o n i s ( C u v i e r, 1 8 3 0 ) Acanthocolax peruensis, Adenocephalus
(Haemulidae): Benedenia sp., Caligus pacificus. Ascarophis sp., Ceratomyxa
sp., Choricotyle isaciencis, Ch. sp., Ceratothoa sp., Clavellotis dilatata,
sonorensis, Clavella simplex, Cynoscionicola americanus, Hargicotyle
Corynosoma obtuscens, menticirrhi, Helicometra fasciata,
Diphtherostomum brusinae, Nybelinia Lernanthropus huamani, Lobatostoma
sp., Parabrachiella kabatai, Proctoeces veranoi, Parabrachiella menticirrhi,
sp., Proctoeces lintoni, Proleptus P ro l e p t u s s p . , R h a m n o c e rc o i d e s
carvajali, Pseudoeurysorchis travassosi. menticirrhi.
Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus, 1758) Merluccius gayi peruanus Ginsburg, 1954
(Scombridae): Caligus coryphaenae, (Merluccidae): Adenocephalus pacificus,
Caligus productus, Didymoproblema sp., Anisakis sp., Anisakis simplex,
Prosorhynchus sp., “Scolex pleuronectis”, Anthocotyle americana, A. merluccii,
Tentacularia coryphaenae. Aporocotyle sp., Aporocotyle wilhelmi,
Labrisomus philippii (Steindachner, 1866) Argulus peruvianus, Bolbosoma sp.,
(Labrisomidae): Acanthochondria Brachiella sp., Caligus debueni, C. teres,
sicyasis, Bucephalus sp., Corynosoma Ceratomyxa limensis, Corynosoma
australe , C. obtuscens , Helicometra obtuscens , Callitetrarhynchus gracilis,
fasciata, Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Chondracanthus sp., Clestobothrium
Lecithochirium macrorchis, crassiceps, Contracaecum sp.,
Lecithochirium sp., Lernaea sp., Diphyllobothridae gen. sp., Derogenes
Myxosporea gen. sp., Piscicolidae gen. varicus, Grillotia dollfusi, Kudoa
sp., Profilicollis altmani, Proleptus peruviana, Lacistorhynchus tenuis,
carvajali, Proleptus sp., Lecithochirium genypteri,
Prosorhynchoides carvajali, Lepeophtheirus sp., Myxosporea gen. sp.,
Prosorhynchoides sp., P. rioplatensis, Nybelinia sp., Parabrachiella insidiosa,
Prosorhynchus sp., Tegorhynchus sp., P ro s o rh y n c h u s s p . , Te n t a c u l a r i a
Zoogonus dextrocirrus, Z. rubellus. coryphaenae, Zoogonus sp., Zoogonus
Lebiasina bimaculata Valenciennes, 1847 pagrosomi, Z. rubellus.
(Lebiasinidae): Accessorius peruensis, Micropogonias sp. (Sciaenidae):
Gyrodactylus bimaculatus, G. lebiasinus, Pterinotrematoides mexicanum.
Gyrodactylus slendrus, Gyrodactylus sp., Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) (Molidae):
O n c o c l e i d u s s p . , P ro c a m a l l a n u s Accacladocoelium alveolatum,
(Spirocamallanus) sp. A n c i s t ro c e p h a l u s m i c ro c e p h a l u s ,
Lepophidium sp. (Ophidiidae): Helicometra Fistulicola plicatus.
fasciata Mugil cephalus Linnaeus, 1758 (Mugilidae):
Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802 Ascocotyle longa,
(Istiophoridae): Gloiopotes watsoni. Bomolochus nitidus, Contracaecum sp.,
Makaira sp. (Istiophoridae): Gloiopotes Contracaecum multipapillatum,
huttoni Dicrogaster sp., Ergasilus sp., Haliotrema
Megalodoras uranoscopus (Eigenmann & mugilinus, Heterophyes sp., Hymenocotta
Eigenmann, 1888) (Doradidae): m a n ter i, L a cis to rh yn ch u s ten u is ,
Proteocephalus kuyukuyu Lasiotocus glebulentus, Lernanthropus
Megalonema platycephalum E i g e n m a n n , pacificus, Mesostephanus sp.,
1912 (Pimelodidae): Monticellia M e t a m i c ro c o t y l a m a c r a c a n t h a ,
santafesina.Menticirrhus ophicephalus Myxobolus exiguus, Naobranchia lizae,

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Neobenedenia sp., Parabrachiella exilis, Diplostomulum sp., Ligula intestinalis,


Saccocoelium sp., Saccocoeloides sp. Polymorphus spindlatus.
M u g i l c u r e m a Va l e n c i e n n e s , 1 8 3 6 Orthopristis chalceus (Günther, 1864)
(Mugilidae): Contracaecum sp. (Haemulidae): Calceostoma sp.,
Myleus schomburgkii (Jardine, 1841) Notoporus sp.
(Serrasalmidae): Anacanthorus sp., Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier, 1829)
Notozothecium bethae, Notozothecium sp. (Osteoglossidae): Camallanus
Nezumia stelgidolepis (Gilbert, 1890) (Camallanus) acaudatus, Gonocleithrum
(Macrouridae): Lophoura unilobulata. cursitans.
Odontesthes bonariensis Valenciennes Oxydoras niger (Valenciennes, 1821)
(Atherinopsidae): Diplostomulum sp., (Doradidae): Cosmetocleithrum confusus,
Hedruris basilichtensis, Ligula C. gussevi, C. sobrinus, Cucullanus
intestinalis, Perunema escomeli. (Cucullanus) grandistomis,
Odontesthes regia (Humboldt, 1821) Paracavisoma impudica, Proteocephalus
(Atherinopsidae): Corynosoma h o b e rg i , R a p h i d a c a ro i d e s s p . ,
obtuscens, Corynosoma sp., Kudoa Sharpilosentis peruviensis.
sarmientae, Kudoa sp., Lacistorhynchus Paralabrax humeralis (Valenciennes, 1828)
tenuis, Prosorhynchoides sp., “Scolex (Serranidae): Adenocephalus pacificus,
pleuronectis”. Caligus quadratus, Callitetrarhynchus
Ophidiidae gen. sp.: Neobenedenia sp. gracilis, Corynosoma obtuscens,
Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Corynosoma sp., Dichelyne
(Cichlidae): Contracaecum sp., (Cucullanellus) sp., Grillotia sp.,
Polymorphus spindlatus. Hamaticolax paralabracis, Hatschekia
Oreochromis spp. (Cichlidae): Gyrodactylus amphiprocessa, Helicometra fasciata,
sp. Helicometrina sp., Hemitagia
Orestias agassizii Valenciennes, 1846 galapagensis, Philometra sp.,
(Cyprinodontidae): Polymorphus Trypanorhyncha gen. sp.
spindlatus. Paralichthys adspersus (Steindachner, 1867)
O re s t i a s a l b u s Va l e n c i e n n e s , 1 8 4 6 (Paralichthyidae): Adenocephalus
(Cyprinodontidae): Contracaecum sp., pacificus, Anisakis sp., Bomolochus sp.,
Diplostomulum sp., Hedruris Cainocreadium sp., Contracaecum sp.,
basilichtensis, Ligula intestinalis, Corynosoma obtuscens, Corynosoma sp.,
Proteocephalus sp. Hysterothylacium sp., Lacistorhynchus
O re s t i a s l u t e u s Va l e n c i e n n e s , 1 8 4 6 tenuis, Lepeophtheirus edwardsi,
(Cyprinodontidae): Contracaecum sp., Parabrachiella paralichthyos,
Diplostomulum sp., Falcaustra Philometra sp., Prosorhynchoides sp.
pumacahuai, F. tiahuanaquensis, Paralichthys woolmani Jordan & Williams,
Hedruris basilichtensis, H. orestiae, 1897 (Paralichthyidae): Anisoporus sp.
Ligula intestinalis, Polymorphus Paralonchurus peruanus (Steindachner, 1875)
spindlatus, Proteocephalus sp. (Sciaenidae): Acanthocolax peruensis,
Orestias mulleri Valenciennes, 1846 Adenocephalus pacificus, Anisakis sp.,
(Cyprinodontidae): Hedruris orestiae, Caligus callaoensis, Callitetrarhynchus
Polymorphus spindlatus. gracilis, Ceratothoa sp., Clavellopsis
O re s t i a s o l i v a c e u s G a r m a n , 1 8 9 5 sp., Corynosoma australe, C. obtuscens,
(Cyprinodontidae): Polymorphus Corynosoma sp. , Cynoscionicola sp.,
spindlatus Cynoscionicola americanus, Dichelyne
Orestias sp. (Cyprinodontidae): (Cucullanellus) amaruincai,

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Diplectanum sp., Diplectanidae gen. sp., Pimelodus altissimus Eigenmann & Pearson,
Encotyllabe callaoensis, Euryhaliotrema 1942 (Pimelodidae): Endorchis sp.
paralonchuri, Hargicotyle chimbotensis, Pimelodus blochii Valenciennes, 1840
H. paralonchuri, H. peruensis, (Pimelodidae): Demidospermus lebedev,
Helicometra fasciata, Henneguya sp., D. peruvianus, D. striatus, Plehniella
Kudoa sciaenae, Lacistorhynchus tenuis, sabajperezi, Proteocephalus sp.
Lernanthropus paralonchuri, Nybelinia Pimelodus ornatus Kner, 1858 (Pimelodidae):
s p . , P a r a b r a c h i e l l a c h e v re u x i i , Demidospermus peruvianus,
Piscicolidae gen. sp., Pterobothrium Nomimoscolex sp. 
acanthotruncatum, Pterobothrium sp., Pimelodus maculatus Lacepède, 1803
Tegorhynchus sp. ( P i m e l o d i d a e ) : P ro c a m a l l a n u s
Paranthias colonus (Valenciennes, 1846) (Spirocamallanus) rarus.
(Serranidae): Pseudorhabdosynochus Pimelodus sp. (Pimelodidae): Demidospermus
jeanloui. brevicirrus, D. curvovaginatus, D.
Parapsettus panamensis (Steindachner, 1876) lebedev, D. peruvianus, D. striatus.
(Ephippidae): Parancylodiscoides Pinirampus pirinampu (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
chaetodipteri. (Pimelodidae): Monticellia ventrei,
Peprilus medius (Peters, 1869) Nomimoscolex admonticellia,
(Stromateidae): Bomolochus sp., Caligus Rudolphiella sp.
sp., Ceratothoa gaudichaudii, Plagioscion squamosissimus (Heckel, 1840)
Lecithocladium sp., Lobatostoma sp., (Sciaenidae): Brasicystis bennetti,
Oaxacotyle oaxacensis, Opechona Diplectanum decorum, D. pescadae, D.
bacillaris. piscinarius, Euryhaliotrema chaoi,
Peprilus snyderi Gilbert & Starks, 1904 Euryhaliotrema lovejoyi, E.
(Stromateidae): Anisakis sp., monacanthus, E. potamocetes,
Hysterothylacium sp., Lecithocladium Euryhaliotrema succedanus, E. thatcheri,
cristatum, Lepidapedon sp. Oaxacotyle Rhadinorhynchus plagioscionis.
oaxacensis, Opechona pharyngodactyla, Platynematichthys notatus (Jardine, 1841)
Rusguniella sp. (Pimelodidae): Brayela karuatayi,
Perrunichthys perruno Schultz, 1944 Dactylogyridae gen. sp.
(Pimelodidae): Alinema amazonicum. Platysilurus mucosus (Vaillant, 1880)
Phractocephalus hemioliopterus (Bloch & (Pimelodidae): Dactylogyridae gen. sp.
S c h n e i d e r, 1 8 0 1 ) ( P i m e l o d i d a e ) : Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859 (Poeciliidae):
Chambriella sp., Monticelliinae gen. sp., Capillaria sp., Gyrodactylus turnbulli.
P ro t e o c e p h a l u s h e m i o l i o p t e r i , Polydactylus approximans (Lay &
Proteocephalus sp., Scholzia emarginata, Bennett, 1839) (Polynemidae):
Zygobothrium megacephalum. Microcotyloides impudicus,
Piaractus brachypomus (Cuvier, 1818) Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sp.
( C h a r a c i d a e ) : D a d a y t re m a s p . , Prionotus stephanophrys Lockington, 1881
Mymarothecium viatorum; Myxobolus sp. (Triglidae): Corynosoma sp., Kudoa
Pimelodella yuncensis Steindachner, 1902 estela.
(Heptapteridae): Cleidodiscus sp., Prionotus punctatus (Bloch, 1793) (Triglidae):
Demidospermus curvovaginatus, D. Blias prionoti.
peruvianus, Gyrodactylus pimelodellus, Prochilodus nigricans Spix & Agassiz, 1829
Scleroductus yuncensi. (Prochilodontidae): Lecithobotrioides
Pimelodidae gen. sp.: Demidospermus elongatus, Neoechinorhynchus sp.,
curvovaginatus, D. peruvianus. Rhinonastes pseudocapsaloideum.

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Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Linnaeus, 1766) Koellikerioides sp., Metanematobothrium


(Pimelodidae): Chambriella sp. sp., Nybelinia sp., Rhipidocotyle
Choanoscolex abscisus, Dactylogyridae adbaculum, Rhipidocotyle sp.,
gen. sp., Harriscolex kaparari, Rhodobothrium mesodesmatum, “Scolex
Megathylacus sp. Nomimoscolex lopesi, p l e u ro n e c t i s ” , S p h y r i o c e p h a l u s
N. sudobim, Peltidocotyle rugosa, t e rg e s t i n u s , U n i t u b u l o t e s t i s s p . ,
Phyllodistomum sp., Vancleaveus Unitubulotestis pelamydis.
fungulus. Sardinops sagax (Jenyns, 1842) (Clupeidae):
Pseudoplatystoma punctifer (Castelnau, 1855) Anisakis sp., Choricotyle sonorensis,
(Pimelodidae): Choanoscolex sp., Contracaecum sp., Scolex pleuronectis. 
Houssayella sudobim, Megathylacus sp., Satanoperca jurupari (Heckel, 1840)
Spasskyellina spinulifera, Spatulifer (Cichlidae): Sciadicleithrum
rugosa. satanopercae.
Pseudoplatystoma tigrinum (Valenciennes, Scartichthys gigas (Steindachner, 1876)
1840) (Pimelodidae): Choanoscolex sp., (Blennidae): Acanthochondria sicyasis,
Nomimoscolex cf. sudobim, Spasskyellina Ceratothoa gaudichaudii, Corynosoma
spinulifera, Spatulifer sp.  obtuscens, Johnstonmawsonia sp.,
Pterodoras granulosus (Valenciennes, 1821) Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Lepocreadium
(Doradidae): Cosmetocleithrum trachinoti, Metamegasolena sp.,
bulbocirrus, Monticellia belavistensis, Proleptus sp., Prosorhynchus sp.,
Proteocephalus kuyukuyu, Pseudodelphis sp., Zoogonus
P ro t e o c e p h a l u s s p . , Va n c l e a v e u s dextrocirrus, Z. rubellus, Zoogonus sp.
janauacaensis. Schedophilus haedrichi Chirichigno F., 1973
Pterodoras sp. (Doradidae): Proteocephalus ( C e n t r o l o p h i d a e ) : Te l e u r y s o rc h i s
kuyukuyu. gumercindae
Pterophyllum scalare (Schultze, 1823) S c i a e n a d e l i c i o s a ( Ts c h u d i , 1 8 4 6 )
(Cichlidae): Dactylogyrus sp., Gussevia (Sciaenidae): Acanthocolax peruensis,
spiralocirra Adenocephalus pacificus, Anisakis sp.,
Pterygoplichthys anisitsi Eigenmann & Caligus callaoensis, Callitetrarhynchus
Kennedy, 1903 (Loricariidae): Unilatus gracilis, Clavellotis sp., Corynosoma
brittani, U. unilatus.  austral, C. obtuscens, Cynoscionicola
Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Hancock, sciaenae, Dasyrhynchus pacificus,
1828) (Loricariidae): Gorytocephalus Dichelyne (Cucullanellus) amaruincai,
plecostomorum.  Encotyllabe callaoensis, Hargicotyle
P y g o c e n t r u s n a t t e re r i K n e r, 1 8 5 8 louisianensis, H. peruensis, H. sciaenae,
(Characidae): Amphithecium calycinum, Hargicotyle sp., Helicometra fasciata,
A. camelum, Anacanthorus reginae, A. Kudoa sciaenae, Lacistorhynchus tenuis,
stachophallus, A. thatcheri, Notothecium Lernanthropus huamani, L. pacificus,
mizellei, N. penetratum, Rhinoxenus Lernanthropus sp., Macrovalvitrema sp.,
piranhus. Nybelinia sp., Parabrachiella oralis,
Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier, 1832) (Scombridae): Piscicolidae gen. sp., Tegorhynchus sp.,
Adenocephalus pacificus, Proleptus sp., Villarrealina peruana.
Acanthobothrium chilensis, Anisakis Sciaena callaensis Hildebrand, 1946
physeteris, Caligus bonito, Caligus sp., (Sciaenidae): Adenocephalus pacificus.
Capsala gregalis, Ceratothoa Sciaena wieneri Sauvage, 1883 (Sciaenidae):
gaudichaudii, Diphyllobothrium sp., Anisakis sp.
Hysterothylacium aduncum, 

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Sciaenidae gen. sp.: Ceratothoa gaudichaudi. sarmientoi, Philometra neptomeni.


Scomber japonicus Houttuyn, 1782 Sicyases sanguineus Müller & Troschel, 1843
(Scombridae): Adenocephalus pacificus, (Gobiesocidae): Acanthochondria
Anisakis sicyasis, Helicometrina nimia,
sp., Anisakis physeteris, A. simplex, Lecithasteridae gen. sp., Proctoeces
Caligus pelamydis, Ceratothoa lintoni, Proctoeces sp., Prosorhynchoides
gaudichaudii, Ceratothoa sp., sp.
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis, Clavellisa Sorubim lima (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
scombri, Contracaecum sp., (Pimelodidae): Ameloblastella sp.,
Corynosoma obtuscens, Didymocystis sp., Dactylogyridae gen. sp., Manaosia
Didymozoidae gen. sp., bracodemoca, Spatulifer maringaensis.
Diphyllobothridae gen. sp., Koellikeria Sorubimichthys planiceps (Spix & Agassiz,
sp., Kuhnia indica, K.scombri, Kuhnia 1829) (Pimelodidae): Chambriella sp.,
sprostonae, Kudoa caudata, Choanoscolex sp., Houssayella sudobim,
Maccallumtrema sp., Nematobothrium Lenhataenia megacephala,
scombri, Nematobothriinae gen. sp., Nomimoscolex lenha, Peltidocotyle
Nybelinia sp., Ovarionematobothrium lenha, Spasskyellina lenha.
s a b a , P ro d i s t o m u m o r i e n t a l i s , Stellifer minor (Tschudi, 1846) (Sciaenidae):
Pseudoterranova decipiens, Acanthocolax peruensis, Anisakis sp.,
Rhadinorhynchus pristis, Rocinela sp., Cainocreadium sp., Caligus quadratus,
“Scolex pleuronectis”, Tentacularia Clavella sp., Clavellotis dilatata,
coryphaenae, Unitubulotestis sp. Corynosoma obtuscens, Corynosoma sp.,
Scomberomorus sierra Jordan & Starks, 1895 Cymothoidae gen. sp., Cynoscionicola
(Scombridae): Acantholochus americanus, Cynoscionicola sp.,
nudiusculus, Adenocephalus pacificus, Diplectanum sp., Encotyllabe sp.,
Anaporrhutum sp., Didymozoon sp., Helicometra fasciata, Kudoa sciaenae,
Caligus omissus, Cybicola buccata, Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Loimos sp.,
Diphyllobothrium sp., Mexicotyle Nybelinia sp., Pedocotyle annakohni, P.
mexicana, Pseudaxine sp., bravoi, Pedocotyle sp., Procamallanus
Pseudogrillotia peruviana, (Spirocamallanus) pereirai,
Thoracocotyle crocea. Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) sp.,
Scorpaena russula Jordan & Bollman, 1890 Rhadinorhynchus sp., Rhamnocercus
(Scorpaenidae): Anisakis sp. oliveri, Rhamnocercus sp., R. stelliferi,
Sebastes capensis (Gmelin, 1789) “Scolex pleuronectis”.
(Sebastidae): Ascarophis sebastodis, S t e t h a p r i o n e r y t h ro p s C o p e , 1 8 7 0
Corynosoma australe, Helicometrina (Characidae): Auriculostoma diagonale
nimia, Neobenedenia melleni, S t r o m a t e u s s t e l l a t u s C u v i e r, 1 8 2 9
Pseudopecoelus sp. (Stromateidae): Ceratothoa
S e r i o l a l a l a n d i Va l e n c i e n n e s , 1 8 3 3 gaudichaudii; Hysterothylacium sp.
(Carangidae): Allencotyla mcintoshi. Lecithocladium cristatum
Seriolella violacea Guichenot, 1848 Strongylura exilis (Girard, 1854) (Belonidae):
(Centrolophidae): Anisakis sp., Bomolochus constrictus, B. ensiculus,
Corynosoma sp., Lecithocladium L e r n a n t h ro p u s t y l o s u r i , L o x u r a
cristatum, Lecithocladium sp., peruensis.
Lernanthropinus trachuri, Strongylura scapularis (Jordan & Gilbert,
Neobothriocephalus aspinosus, 1882) (Belonidae): Ancyrocephalus sp.
N y b e l i n i a s p . , P a r a e u r y s o rc h i s Bomolochus bellones, Dollfustrema sp.,

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Loxura peruensis, Tylosuricola amatoi, (Spirocamallanus) hilarii, P.


“Scolex pleuronectis”. (Spirocamallanus) chimusensis.
Symphysodon aequifasciatus Pellegrin, 1904 Trichomycterus punctulatus Valenciennes,
(Cichlidae): Dactylogyrus sp. 1846 (Trichomycteridae): Hepatoxylon
Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788) megacephalum, Gyrodactylus sp.
(Scombridae): Pseudocycnus Triportheus angulatus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829)
appendiculatus (Characidae): Procamallanus
Tr a c h i n o t u s p a i t e n s i s C u v i e r, 1 8 3 2 (Spirocamallanus) inopinatus.
(Carangidae): Adenocephalus pacificus, Tylosurus acus acus (Lacepède, 1803)
Bicotylophora trachinoti, Caligus (Belonidae): Bomolochus constrictus,
quadratus, Dinurus sp., Gonocercella Colobomatus goodingi.  
pacifica, Gonocerca sp., Kuhnia sp., Tylosurus pacificus (Steindachner, 1876)
Lecithocladium sp., Lernanthropus sp., (Belonidae): Caligodes laciniatus,
Lobatostoma kemostoma, L. pacificum, Caligus sp.
Lobatostoma sp., Phyllodistomum sp., Xenistius peruanus Hildebrand, 1946
Proleptus sp., Pyragraphorus (Haemulidae): Cynoscionicola
pyragraphorus. intermedia.
Tr a c h i n o t u s r h o d o p u s G i l l , 1 8 6 3 Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758 (Xiphiidae):
(Carangidae): Ectenurus sp., Gloiopotes huttoni.
Lobatostoma pacificum, Parahemiurus Xiphophorus hellerii Heckel, 1848
sp.  (Poeciliidae): Centrocestus sp.
Tr a c h u r u s m u r p h y i N i c h o l s , 1 9 2 0 Z u n g a ro z u n g a ro ( H u m b o l d t , 1 8 2 1 )
(Carangidae): Adenocephalus pacificus, (Pimelodidae): Amphoteromorphus
Anisakis physeteris, A. simplex, Anisakis parkamoo, Chambriella agostinhoi,
sp., Caligus bonito, Callitetrarhynchus Euzetiella tetraphylliformis, Jauella
gracilis, Cemocotyle trachuri, glandicephalus, Megathylacus jandia,
Cemocotyle sp., Ceratothoa Peltidocotyle lenha, Proteocephalus
gaudichaudii, Contracaecum sp., sophiae, Travassiella jandia.
Corynosoma australe, C. obtuscens, Unspecified host (unspecified family):
Corynosoma sp., Diphyllobothrium sp., Anilocra laevis, Asotana formosa,
Eutetrarhynchus sp., Lernanthropinus Cymothoa oestrum.
trachuri, Monascus sp., Nybelinia
surmenicola, Nybelinia sp., Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes)
Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) Alopias sp. (Alopiidae): Echthrogaleus
chimusensis, Pseudoterranova decipiens, pellucidus.
Pygidiopsis sp., Rhabdochona sp., Callorhinchus callorhynchus (Linnaeus,
Rhadinorhynchus sp., “Scolex 1758) (Callorhinchidae):
pleuronectis”, Tegorhynchus sp., Callorhynchocotyle marplatensis,
Tentacularia coryphaenae. Gyrocotyle maxima.
Trichomycterus dispar (Tschudi, 1846) Carcharhinus leucas (Müller & Henle, 1839)
(Trichomycteridae): Contracaecum sp., (Carcharhinidae): Cathetocephalus
Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus) thatcheri.
chimusensis, Pygidiopsis sp., Carcharhinus porosus (Ranzani, 1839)
Rhabdochona sp. (Carcharhinidae): Cathetocephalus
Trichomycterus piurae (Eigenmann, 1922) thatcheri, Disculiceps pileatus.
(Trichomycteridae): Clinostomum
marginatum, Procamallanus

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Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus, 1765) Pseudocharopinoides myliobatides,


(Cetorhinidae): Dinobothrium paciferum. Pseudocharopinus narcinae,
Dasyatis dipterura (Jordan & Gilbert, 1880) Rhinebothrium sp., Rhodobothrium
( D a s y a t i d a e ) : A c a n t h o b o t h ro i d e s mesodesmatum, Trebius latifurcatus.
peruensis, A. thorsoni, Rhodobothrium Myliobatis peruvianus Garman, 1913
pulvinatum. (Myliobatidae): Acanthobothrium
Galeorhinus galeus (Linnaeus, 1758) brevissime, A. holorhini, A.
(Triakidae): Perissopus dentatus. gonzalesmugaburui , Anaporrhutum
Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 albidum, Anthobothrium sp.,
(Lamnidae): Anthosoma crassum, Benedeniella sp., Echinobothrium sp.,
Dinemoura, latifolia, D. producta, Eutetrarhynchus sp., Nybelinia sp.,
Echthrogaleus denticulatus, Gangliopus Phyllobothrium thridax, Proleptus sp.,
pyriformis, Nemesis lamna, Nybelinia sp., Rhinebothrium sp., Rhodobothrium
Pandarus katoi, P. satyrus, mesodesmatum.
Clistobothrium tumidum, Phyllothyreus Paratrygon aiereba (Müller & Henle, 1841)
cornutus. (Potamotrygonidae): Nandocestus
Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908) guariticus, Potamotrygon cf. fitzgeralde,
(Myliobatidae): Nagmia peruviana. Potamotrygonocestus sp.,
Mustelus dorsalis Gill, 1864 (Triakidae): Proteocephalidea gen. sp., Rhabdochona
Acanthocheilus bicuspis, Anisakis sp., sp., Rhinebothrium copianullum,
Calliobothrium sp., Calliobothrium Rhinebothrium sp., Rhinebothroides sp.
verticillatum, Paraorygmatobothrium Potamotrygon falkeri (Castex & Maciel, 1963)
triacis, Erpocotyle sp., Lacistorhynchus ( P o t a m o t r y g o n i d a e ) :
tenuis, Loimos scoliodoni, Potamotrygonocestus cf. fitzgeraldae,
Orygmatobothrium musteli. Rhabdochona sp., Rhinebothroides sp.
Mustelus lunulatus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 Potamotrygon cf. falkeri (Castex & Maciel,
(Triakidae): Orygmatobothrium musteli 1963) (Potamotrygonidae):
Mustelus mento Cope, 1877 (Triakidae): Acanthobothrium cf. peruviense,
Acanthocheilus bicuspis, Calliobothrium Nandocestus guariticus,
sp., Calliobothrium verticillatum, Potamotrygonocestus sp.,
Echinocephalus sp., Lacistorhynchus Proteocephalidea gen. sp., Rhinebothrium
tenuis, Nybelinia sp., Orygmatobothrium copianullum, Rhinebothroides sp.
mustelid, Orygmatobothrium sp., Potamotrygon motoro (Müller & Henle, 1841)
Phyllobothrium lactuca, Phyllobothrium (Potamotrygonidae): Acanthobothrium
sp., Proleptus obtusus.  peruviense, Acanthobothrium cf. ramiroi,
Mustelus sp. (Triakidae): Ceratothoa Potamotrygonocestus sp.,
gaudichaudii Potamotrygonocotyle chisholmae, P.
Mustelus whitneyi Chirichigno F., 1973 dromedaries, Proteocephalidea gen. sp.,
(Triakidae): Lacistorhynchus tenuis, Rhinebothrium copianullum,
Symcallio lintoni, Orygmatobothrium Rhinebothroides sp.
musteli, Paraorygmatobothrium triacis. Potamotrygon tatianae Silva & Carvalho,
Myliobatis chilensis Philippi, 1892 2011 (Potamotrygonidae): Rhinebothrium
(Myliobatidae): Acanthobothrium batailloni, copianullum.
A. holorhini, Acanthobothrium sp., Potamotrygon sp. (Potamotrygonidae):
Caulobothrium myliobatidis, Potamotrygonocotyle rionegrense, P.
Echeneibothrium sp., Eudactylina tsalickisi.
myliobatidos, Phyllobothrium thridax, Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758)

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(Carcharhinidae): Achtheinus oblongus, Scyllium sp. (Scyliorhinidae): Echinocephalus


Anisakis sp., Anthobothrium laciniatum, striatus.
Anthosoma crassum, Gangliopus Sphyrna zygaena (Linnaeus, 1758)
pyriformis, Hepatoxylon trichiuri, (Sphyrnidae): Platybothrium sp.,
Paraorygmatobothrium angustum, Thysanocephalum thysanocephalum.
Platybothrium auriculatum, Squatina armata (Philippi, 1887)
Prosobothrium armigerum, Tentacularia (Squatinidae): Grillotia sp., Otodistomum
coryphaenae. veliporum, Phyllobothrium sp.
Rhinobatos planiceps Garman, 1880 Sympterygia brevicaudata (Cope, 1877)
(Rhinobatidae): Acanthobothrium olseni, (Rajidae): Acanthobothrium
A . ro b u s t u m , A n o p l o c o t y l o i d e s lusarmientae, A. psammobati,
chorrillensis, A. papillatus, Eudactylina Otodistomum veliporum.
peruensis, Heterocotyle sp., Ommatokoita Synodus scituliceps Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
elongata, Phyllobothrium sp., (Synodontidae): Rhinebothrium sp.,
Prochristianella heteracantha, Proleptus “Scolex pleuronectis”.
carvajali, P. obtusus, Rhinebothrium Triakis maculata Kner & Steindachner, 1867
rhinobati, Rhinobatonchocotyle (Triakidae): Acanthocheilus bicuspis,
cyclovaginatus, R. pacifica, Stibarobdella Proleptus obtusus.
moorei. Unspecified host (unspecified family):
Rhinoptera steindachneri Evermann & Pandarus smithii.
Jenkins, 1891 (Myliobatidae):
Caulobothrium sp.

Table 1. Nominal and undetermined species according taxonomic group recorded of fishes from Peru.

Taxonomic group Nominal sp. Undetermined sp. Total


Monogenea 135 40 175
Cestoda 106 34 140
Digenea 53 57 110
Copepoda 76 12 88
Nematoda 31 18 49
Acanthocephala 10 6 16
Myxozoa 7 9 16
Isopoda 5 4 9
Aspidogastrea 4 1 5
Annelida 1 1 2
Branchiura 2 0 2

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Table 2. Environment distribution according taxonomic group recorded of fishes from Peru.

Taxonomic group Marine Freshwater Both Total


environments
Monogenea 90 85 0 175
Cestoda 68 71 1 140
Digenea 82 27 1 110
Copepoda 86 2 0 88
Nematoda 28 19 2 49
Acanthocephala 10 6 0 16
Myxozoa 11 5 0 16
Isopoda 8 1 0 9
Aspidogastrea 5 0 0 5
Annelida 2 0 0 2
Branchiura 1 1 0 2

DISCUSSION drainages. Recently, taxonomical studies have


been performed on the parasites of fishes from
the Peruvian Amazon using both
Though many parasites have been reported morphological and molecular approaches,
from fish in Peru, these reports likely represent including on cestodes (de Chambrier et al.,
only a small fraction of the true richness of 2015a,b), monogeneans (Mendoza-Palmero et
parasite species from Peruvian fishes. There al., 2015) and acanthocephalans (Lisitsyna et
are 1599 known Peruvian fish species (Froese al., 2015). However, our knowledge of the
& Pauly, 2015), of which 189, i.e., less than parasite fauna of these fishes is still far from
1/8, have parasitological records. This is a complete, and most of the diversity remains
negligible increase compared with the untouched.
proportion of ≈ 1/10 calculated by Luque &
Poulin (2007) almost 10 years ago. The current Although Peru is a megadiverse country, it was
scenario for fish parasite research in Peru can not included as a fish parasite hotspot by Luque
be extended to other parts of the world and to & Poulin (2007) because of the low number of
other groups of vertebrates as parasite hosts studies compared to other Latin American
(Madhavi, 2011; Hernández-Orts et al., 2015; countries such as Brazil, Mexico and Puerto
Tavakol et al., 2015); thus, any estimates of Rico.
parasite diversity are questionable (Poulin,
2014). A steadily decreasing number of The marine fishes M. gayi peruanus, S.
taxonomic experts (and their uneven japonicus, P. peruanus, S. deliciosa, S. minor
distribution) makes the situation even worse and T. murphyi presented the highest richness
(Brooks & Hoberg, 2000). of parasites. Because Peru is one of the
foremost Latin fishing nations, based mainly
Despite the greater richness of freshwater on its large coast that is rich in fish species that
fishes in Peru compared to marine species, few are used as basic food supplies in several
parasitological surveys have focused on the regions of the country (Ibarra et al., 2000), it is
fishes inhabiting Peru's large hydrological not surprising that the majority of

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parasitological studies focus on important which exhibit narrow host specificity, a highly
fishery species. Moreover, there is financial specialized attachment apparatus and a direct
support for parasitological studies on species life-cycle associated with numerous fish hosts
that have economic importance, such as those (Whittington 1998; Cribb et al., 2002; Poulin,
performed by Iannacone et al. (2009a-c), who 2002); or (2) directed studies on this parasite
studied the parasitic fauna of A. scapularis, P. group performed by a single or few research
humeralis and M. cephalus. teams, which is pronounced at a local scale
(Poulin & Morand, 2004). The much lower
The fauna of Chilean fishes is very similar to number of monogeneans reported from Chile
Peru in that its largest number of parasites were (43 species) compared to Peru (175 species)
reported from Sebastes oculatus Valenciennes, may reflect a lower number of studies in this
1833 (= Sebastes capensis), M. gayi gayi, T. country, which is aggravated by the lack of
murphyi and C. gilberti (Muñoz & Olmos, taxonomic experts (Muñoz & Olmos, 2007).
2007, 2008). This similarity is not surprising,
given the countries' obvious spatial proximity The second most species-richest group was the
and their sharing of the Humboldt Current cestodes. Twelve of the 20 known orders of
System, which is known for its richness of tapeworms (assuming that Proteocephalidea is
nutrients and biodiversity, including parasites not included in the Onchoproteocephalidea;
and fishes. Therefore, the differences in the see Alves et al., 2015a) have been reported
number of hosts studied in Peru (206 species) from Peruvian fishes, including the still
and Chile (approximately 100 species) seems artificial “Tetraphyllidea”, which was
to arise from a reduced number of studies previously a catch-all group and is now split
undertaken in the latter country and not by a into several new orders (Caira et al., 2014). To
smaller number of potential hosts; 1167 fish date, the proteocephalideans presented the
species are estimated to inhabit the highest richness of cestode species (46 spp.)
corresponding area in the Humboldt Current and mainly parasitize catfishes (Siluriformes)
System (Muñoz & Olmos, 2007; 2008; from the Peruvian Amazon (de Chambrier et
Miloslavich et al., 2011). al., 2006, 2015a,b).

In the present study, the greatest richness of Concerning the trematodes, the diversity of
parasites was registered among monogeneans species found in Peru, Brazil and Chile (115,
(175) and cestodes (140), in contrast to the 247 and 86 species, respectively) (present
observations in freshwater fishes in Mexico by study; Kohn et al., 2007; Muñoz & Olmos,
Salgado-Maldonado (2013), where nematodes 2008) is highest in Brazil but may be
and trematodes are the dominant group of considered to be rather low. The Digenea,
parasites. In Chile, the most common fish which is the biggest trematode group to date, is
parasites are crustaceans and trematodes also the largest taxon of endoparasites (Olson
(Muñoz & Olmos, 2007; 2008). These et al., 2003), mostly due to the extraordinary
differences, especially between Peru and diversification in its sites of infection, life
Chile, which are similar in their composition of cycles and modes of feeding (Cribb et al.,
marine fishes, can be caused by the different 2002). Thus, the large number of fishes known
foci of studies carried out by some research from Peruvian waters should serve either as
teams (Poulin & Morand, 2004). definitive or intermediate hosts for these
organisms. Limited information is available on
The fact that monogeneans constitute the metacercariae in freshwater fishes.
largest number of species could be a result of
two factors: (1) the biology of these organisms, The nematodes were represented by 49

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Neotropical Helminthology. Vol. 10, Nº2, jul-dic 2016 Metazoan Parasites of Fishes from Peru

species, almost one third of the total compiled Desenvolvimento Tecnologico (CNPq),
by Luque et al. (2011), who listed 140 named Brazil; Fabiano Paschoal by a student
and 75 unidentified species in fishes from fellowship from Coordenação de
Brazil, but this number is similar to that Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal do Ensino
reported from Chile (i.e., 22 named and 17 Superior (CAPES), Brazil; Philippe V. Alves
unidentified species) (Muñoz & Olmos, 2008). by a student fellowship from CNPq, and Ana
Poulin (2014) stated that variation in the C. da Silva by a student fellowship from
parasitic fauna among closely related Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de
geographic areas is mainly driven by the São Paulo (FAPESP), Brazil.
distribution of potential hosts. Therefore, the
similarity between the nematode species in
Peru and Chile might be explained by their
similar fish fauna. In contrast, the Brazilian BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
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