Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17
1 NATIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS Higher 2 CANDIDATE NAME SUBJECT REGISTRATION CLASS

1

NATIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE PRELIMINARY EXAMINATIONS Higher 2

CANDIDATE

NAME

SUBJECT

REGISTRATION

CLASS

NUMBER

PHYSICS

Paper 1 Multiple Choice Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet

9646/01

20 September 2010 1 hour 15 minutes

READ THE INSTRUCTION FIRST

Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, Centre number and index number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless this has been done for you.

There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet.

Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully.

Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet.

This document consists of 17 printed pages.

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

speed of light in free space,

permeability of free space,

permittivity of free space,

elementary charge,

the Planck constant,

unified atomic mass constant,

rest mass of electron,

rest mass of proton,

molar gas constant,

the Avogadro constant,

the Boltzmann constant,

gravitational constant,

acceleration of free fall,

Formulae uniformly accelerated motion,

2

Data

c = 3.00 x 10 8 ms -1

0 = 4

x 10 -7 Hm -1

0 = 8.85 x 10 -12 Fm -1

e = 1.60 x 10 -19 C

h = 6.63 x 10 -34 Js

u = 1.66 x 10 -27 kg

m e = 9.11 x 10 -31 kg

m p = 1.67 x 10 -27 kg

R = 8.31 JK -1 mol -1

N A = 6.02 x 10 23 mol -1

k = 1.38 x 10 -23 JK -1

G = 6.67 x 10 -11 Nm 2 kg -2

g = 9.81 ms -2

s = ut +

1

2

at

2

work done on/by a gas,

W = p V

hydrostatic pressure

p = gh

gravitational potential,

displacement of particle in s.h.m.,

velocity of particle in s.h.m.,

resistors in series,

resistors in parallel,

electric potential,

alternating current/voltage,

Transmission coefficient

radioactive decay,

decay constant,

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

=

Gm

r

x = x 0 sin

v

=

v

0

cos

t

t

and

v = ±

R = R 1 + R 2 + …

1

R

=

V =

1

R

+

Q

1

R

4

r

x = x 0 sin

t

+

T = ex p(-2kd) Where

k =

x = x 0 exp (- t)

=

0 . 693

t 1

2

9646/01/2010

2 2 x x 0 2 8 m U ( E ) 2 h
2
2
x
x
0
2
8
m U
(
E
)
2
h

[Turn Over

3

1 A stationary charged object is accelerated from rest through an electric field. Given the data below, what is the final velocity of the object (with its uncertainty)?

Charge on the object = 0.200 ± 0.001 C Mass of the object = 200 ± 1 g Potential Difference across the electric field = 1000 ± 20 V

A 44.721 ± 0.015 ms -1

B 44.72 ± 0.03 ms -1

C 44.7 ± 0.7 ms -1

D 45 ± 1 ms -1

2 Which of the following estimations is correct?

A The weight of a pair of school shoes is 2.0 N.

B The surface area of a standard soccer ball is 0.15 m 2 .

C The current drawn by a laptop is 15 A.

D The volume of a pen is 4.0 x10 -3 m 3 .

3 A car is travelling along a straight road from rest. The graph shows the variation with time t of its acceleration a during part of the journey.

a

0

Y V Z X t W
Y
V
Z
X
t
W

At

displacement?

which points on

the

graph does the car

have its

Greatest

Greatest

velocity

displacement

A V

W

B X

Y

C Y

Z

D Z

Z

greatest

velocity and greatest

4 A body is thrown vertically upwards in a medium in which the viscous drag cannot be neglected. If the times of flight for the upward motion t U and the downward motion t d (to return to the same level) are compared, then

A t d > t U , because the body moves faster on its downward flight and therefore the viscous force is greater.

B t d = t U , because the effect of the viscous force is the same whether the body is moving upwards or downwards

C t d < t U , because at a given speed the net force when the body is moving downwards is greater than the net force when it is moving upwards.

D t d > t U , because at a given speed the net force when the body is moving downwards is smaller than the net force when it is moving upwards.

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

4

5 the figure below, a helicopter is flying with a constant horizontal speed 35.0 ms -1 and 100

above the ground and the tank is traveling with a constant horizontal speed 15.0 ms -1 and

In

m

is

550 m away from the helicopter.

15.0 ms - 1 and In m is 550 m away from the helicopter. helicopter 100

helicopter

100 m

tank

m is 550 m away from the helicopter. helicopter 100 m tank 550 m Assuming at

550 m

Assuming at t= 0, the helicopter and the tank is at the above position, how many seconds later should the helicopter drop a bomb so that it will hit the tank? Ignore air resistance.

A

4.51 s

B

10.2 s

C

23.0 s

D

27.5 s

6 Water is ejected at a speed of 50 cms -1 on a wall from the nozzle of a hose with a diameter of 1.0 cm. Find the force exerted on the wall, assuming that the water does not rebound. The density of water is 1.0 gcm -3 .

A

5.0 x 10 -3 N

B

2.0 x 10 -2 N

C

2.5 x 10 -2 N

D

7.9 x 10 -2 N

7 bob hangs from the ceiling of a train when the train is moving at a constant velocity. After

A

some time later, the train accelerates forward at 4.91 ms -2 . Determine the angle of inclination

of the bob to the vertical. The mass of the bob is 200 g.

of the bob to the vertical. The mass of the bob is 200 g. A 26.6

A 26.6 o , with the bob moved forward

B 26.6 o , with the bob moved backward

C 63.4 o , with the bob moved forward

D 63.4 o , with the bob moved backward

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

5

8 Smith and Jones are skating on ice (assumed frictionless) so that they are moving with equal speeds in the same straight line. Smith is skating backwards facing Jones. Smith throws a ball to Jones at time t 1 and receives it back at time t 2 . Assuming that the time of flight of the ball is negligible, which one of the sketches below gives the correct speed-time relationship for the two skaters?

A B Speed Smith Jones t 1 t 2 time C Speed D
A
B
Speed
Smith
Jones
t 1
t 2
time
C
Speed
D
Smith Jones t 1 t 2
Smith
Jones
t 1
t 2

time

Speed Smith Jones t 1 t 2
Speed
Smith
Jones
t 1
t 2

time

Speed Smith Jones t 1 t 2 time
Speed
Smith
Jones
t
1 t
2 time

9 A uniform rod of weight 10 N is freely hinged to a wall as shown below. The rod is supported at the other end by a cable perpendicular to the rod. If a load of 18 N is suspended at the other end of the rod, what is the tension in the cable?

A

12 N

B

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

cable 60 o rod
cable
60 o
rod

16 N

18 N

C

20 N

9646/01/2010

D

28 N

[Turn Over

6

10 One reason why the Titanic sank was because the captain ordered that the ship continued its course despite knowing that there were icebergs ahead. Unfortunately icebergs are much bigger than they appear, in fact only about 10% of the entire iceberg is actually above the sea-level. What can be said about the density of sea water as compared with ice?

A Ice has a density which is about 0.9 times that of sea water.

B Ice has a density which is about 0.1 times that of sea water.

C Sea water has a density 0.9 times that of ice.

D Ice has a lower density than water but nothing more can be said about their relative densities.

11 The graphs below were obtained from four different experiments. Which of the shaded areas does not have units of energy?

 

Experiment

Graph obtained

 

A

Power output of a lamp

Power

0

0
 

time

B

Compressing a gas cylinder

Pressure

0

0

volume

C

A ball thrown horizontally

Force of air resistance

0

0
 
 

distance

D

Motion of a space craft away from the Earth

Gravitational field

 
 

0

0
 

distance

 

9646/01/2010

 

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

[Turn Over

7

12 With the effect of air resistance, a cyclist and his bicycle of mass 80.0 kg can coast down a 5.0 o (with respect to the horizontal) hill at a steady speed of 1.38 ms -1 . If the air resistance, F air is proportional to the speed v so that F air = cv (where c is a constant), then the additional force that the cyclist must apply in order to descend the hill at a steady speed of 5.55 ms -1 is

A

107 N

B

207 N

C

307 N

D

407 N

13 A mass m, attached to the end of an unstretched spring, is initially supported by a platform as shown in Figure 13.1. This platform is then removed and the mass falls, eventually coming to rest at the position shown in Figure 13. 2.

Figure 13.1 Figure 13.2
Figure 13.1
Figure 13.2

Which of the following correctly relates the changes in potential energy and heat dissipation which may occur during the process?

A

Decrease of gravitational potential energy

= increase of elastic potential energy + energy dissipated as heat

B

Decrease of gravitational potential energy

= decrease of elastic potential energy + energy dissipated as heat

C

Decrease of gravitational potential energy

= increase of elastic potential energy

D

Decrease of gravitational potential energy + energy dissipated as heat

= increase of elastic potential energy

14 The earth has a radius of 6.38 x10 6 m, and rotates on its axis once every 24 hours. At what latitude (i.e., the angle in the drawing) is the tangential speed one third that of a person living at the equator?

A 20.5

B 30.5

C 60.5

D 70.5

o

o

o

o

living at the equator? A 20.5 B 30.5 C 60.5 D 70.5 o o o o
Equator
Equator

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

8

15 Which one of the following diagrams shows the variation of gravitational force F on a point mass and gravitational potential energy U of the mass at a distance r from another point mass?

F,U

A
A

F,U

B
B

F,U

F,U C D
F,U
C
D

16 An experimental satellite on Earth is found to have a weight W when assembled before launching from a rocket site. It is placed in a circular orbit at a height h = 5R above the surface of the Earth (of radius R). What is the gravitational force acting on the satellite whilst in orbit?

A

W

B

W

C

W

D

W

5

6

25

36

17 The acceleration due to free fall at the surface of Planet X was found to be equal to that at the surface of Earth. If the diameter of Planet X were twice the diameter of Earth, what is the ratio of the mean density of the planet to that of Earth?

A 0.25

B

0.5

C

2

D

4

18 The diagram below shows a displacement-time graph of a body performing simple harmonic motion.

Z Y X U W V
Z
Y
X
U
W
V

Time

Displacement

At which one of the points, U, V, W, X, Y or Z, is the body travelling and accelerating in the opposite direction?

A

U, Y

B

V, X

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

C

W, Z

9646/01/2010

D

X, Z

[Turn Over

9

19 Which of the statements is not true for a body vibrating in oscillations when damping is present?

A The damping force is in the opposite direction to the velocity.

B The damping force is in the opposite direction to the acceleration.

C The presence of damping gradually reduces the maximum potential energy of the system.

D The presence of damping gradually reduces the maximum kinetic energy of the system.

20 A water tank of heat capacity 5000 J K -1 contains 10 kg of water at 25 o C. What is the time taken to raise the temperature of the water to 45 °C using a heater coil of power of 3.0 kW, given that the specific heat capacity of 4200 J kg -1 K -1 ?

A

61 s

B

280 s

C

310 s

D

610 s

21 A fixed mass of ideal gas undergoes a cycle of changes as shown in the figure. At which point on the graph is the gas hottest?

the figure. At which point on the graph is the gas hottest? 22 The figure below

22 The figure below shows a setup where a laser beam is directed towards two polaroids. The polaroids are adjusted such that zero intensity is detected by the light sensor. Without changing the orientation of either Polaroid A or Polaroid B, how may we adjust the setup such that the sensor detects a non-zero intensity?

Polaroid A Polaroid B Laser
Polaroid A
Polaroid B
Laser
detects a non-zero intensity? Polaroid A Polaroid B Laser Light sensor A Place another Polaroid between

Light sensor

A Place another Polaroid between the laser and Polaroid A.

B Place another Polaroid between Polaroid A and Polaroid B.

C Place another Polaroid between Polaroid B and the light sensor.

D There is no possible method.

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

10

23 A vibrating string fixed at two ends has a fundamental frequency of 250 Hz. When the same string is vibrating in 750 Hz,

A it has 4 nodes.

B its wavelength is 3 times the original wavelength.

C it is vibrating in the second mode.

D its wave speed has increased by 3 times.

24 Which of the following methods would result in no change in fringe separation in a double slit experiment, as shown below?

Double slitseparation in a double slit experiment, as shown below? Screen A Conduct the double slit experiment

Screen

A Conduct the double slit experiment in water.

B Use light of the same intensity but of different frequency.

C Keep the distance between the single slit and the screen constant, but move the double slit closer to the single slit.

D Increasing the slit width of the double slits.

25 Which graph correctly relates the electric field strength or electric potential in the field of a positive point charge, with a distance r from the charge?

Field

strength

0

Potential

A

a distance r from the charge? Field strength 0 Potential A 0 C 1/r 1/r FOR

0

C

1/r

r from the charge? Field strength 0 Potential A 0 C 1/r 1/r FOR NJC INTERNAL

1/r

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

Field

strength

 

0

Potential

 

0

9646/01/2010

B

NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY Field strength   0 Potential   0 9646/01/2010 B D r 2

D

r 2

NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY Field strength   0 Potential   0 9646/01/2010 B D r 2

r

[Turn Over

11

26 Two large parallel metal plates X and Y are situated in a vacuum as shown. The potential difference between plate X and Y is V. A negatively charged particle with charge –q is suspended stationary midway between the 2 plates. Which of the following statements is false?

Plate X

+

Negatively V charged particle - Plate Y
Negatively
V
charged
particle
-
Plate Y

A When V is halved, the particle will accelerate downwards with an acceleration of 0.5 g.

B When V is halved, the particle will reach plate X with kinetic energy equals 0.5 qV.

C When V is doubled, the particle will accelerate upwards with an acceleration of g.

D When V is doubled, the particle will reach plate X with kinetic energy equals qV.

27 The figure below shows a network of three resistance wires marked R 1 , R 2 and R 3 . All three wires have the same cross-sectional area A. Wire R 1 has resistivity and length l. Wire R 2 has resistivity 2 and length 2 l, while wire R 3 has resistivity 0.5 and length 2l What is the resistance between X and Y?

and length 2 l What is the resistance between X and Y? A 0.75 l A

A

0.75

l

A

B

0.83

l

A

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

C

1.3

l

A

9646/01/2010

D

4.0

l

A

[Turn Over

12

28 Five light bulbs with difference resistances as indicated in terms of R in the diagram below are connected to a constant voltage d.c. supply, E, as shown below. If bulb 1 blows as shown below, what happens to the brightness of the remaining bulbs?

E R 2R 2R Bulb 1 Bulb 2 R 2R Bulb 5 Bulb 3 Bulb
E
R
2R
2R
Bulb 1
Bulb 2
R
2R
Bulb 5
Bulb 3
Bulb 4

Bulb 2

Bulb 3

Bulb 4

Bulb 5

A Decreases

Increases

Decreases

Decreases

B Increases

Decreases

Increases

Decreases

C Decreases

Decreases

Decreases

Decreases

D Decreases

Increases

Decreases

Increases

29 Which of the following statements is false about the circuit shown?

G
G

A When switch K is closed, as the resistance R 2 increases, the balanced length l decreases.

B When switch K is open, as the resistance R 2 increases, the balanced length l, remains unchanged.

C When switch K is open, as resistance R 1 increases, the balanced length l increases.

D Whether switch K is open or closed, changes in the internal resistance of E 2 will produce no change in the balanced length l.

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

13

30 An electron enters a region where there are uniform electric field and magnetic field of 0.50 T acting at right angles to its horizontal velocity v, as shown in the figure below. The electron remained undeflected when it enters the region. When the magnetic field is switched off, the electron immediately moved a vertical displacement of 0.15 mm in 1.0 ns. Calculate the speed of the electron v.

+

0.15 mm in 1.0 ns. Calculate the speed of the electron v. + v   _

v

mm in 1.0 ns. Calculate the speed of the electron v. + v   _ A
mm in 1.0 ns. Calculate the speed of the electron v. + v   _ A
 

_

A

0.85 x 10 3 ms -1

B

3.4 x 10 3 ms -1

C

150 x 10 3 ms -1

D

None

of

the

above

 

answer

31 Five straight and parallel wires are arranged as shown in the diagram below. Wire A, C and D carry a steady current I. Wire at B and E (at centre of wire) carry a steady current 2I. Which of the following statements about the wire at E is correct?

A

A

d

BA d

   

E

 
d

d

A d B     E   d D   C

D

 

CD  

A It does not experience any force.

B It experiences a force in the direction of A

C It experiences a force in the direction of B.

D It experiences a force in the direction of D.

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

32

14

A wire of length 0.50 m, forming part of a complete circuit, is positioned at right angles to a uniform magnetic field. The graph shows how the force acting on the wire due to the magnetic field varies as the current in the wire is increased.

Current/A
Current/A

Force/mN

The circuit is switched off. The same piece of wire is then strummed such that it vibrates with an amplitude of 1.5 mm and at 100 Hz. Calculate the maximum emf induced across the wire.

33

A

3.00 x 10 -4 V

B

1.88 x 10 -3 V

C

1.18 V

D

1.88 V

x 10 - 4 V B 1.88 x 10 - 3 V C 1.18 V D

Three vertical tubes, made from copper, lead and rubber respectively have identical dimensions. Identical, strong cylindrical magnets P, Q and R are released simultaneously from the same distance above each tube. The magnets are observed to emerge from the bottom of the tubes at different times.

Which line, A to D, in the table shows the correct order in which they will emerge?

Resistivity of copper = 1.7 x 10 -8 m

Resistivity of lead

Resistivity of rubber = 50 x 10 13 m

= 22 x 10 -8 m

 

Emerges first

Emerges second

Emerges last

A

P

Q

R

B

R

P

Q

C

R

Q

P

D

P

R

Q

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

15

34 The figure below shows the variation with time of a periodic current. I / A

4

2

0

2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

time / ms

What is the root mean square value of the current?

A

2.50 A

B

2.65 A

C

2.82 A

D

3.00 A

35 The diagram below shows a typical X-ray spectrum produced by a X-ray tube.

shows a typical X-ray spectrum produced by a X-ray tube. Which of the following statements is

Which of the following statements is true about the x-ray spectrum?

A The continous background radiation is formed as incoming electrons lose different amount of kinetic energy thus the wavelength of X-ray photons emitted span across a continous spectrum.

B A high speed electron collides and knocks off an electron in an outer shell of the atom. The vacancy in the outer shell is filled by an electron in the inner shell. A photon of

wavelength

C Presence of

2

is emitted as a result of this de-excitation.

1 is due to electrons losing some of its kinetic energy to be radiated out

as a single X-ray photon when it collide with the metal surface.

D The peak at

2

in the figure above is known as

K

.

36 Which of the following statements is true about excitation of electron in an atom?

A An electron will be excited as long as the incoming free electron kinetic energy is greater than the energy difference between the initial and any other energy states of the atom.

B Electron will be excited as long as the photon’s energy is of the same value as any of the energy state of the atom.

C When visible white light is shone onto an insulator, electrons are excited.

D Excitation of electrons will only take place when two hydrogen atoms collide elastically.

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over

16

37 An electron whose total energy E is 6.0 eV is approaching a barrier whose height is 7.0 eV and whose thickness is 0.60 nm. What is the transmission coefficient T for this electron?

A

3.13 x 10 -4

B

5.63 x 10 -4

C

2.15 x 10 -3

D

4.63 x 10 -3

38 A photodiode is a doped semiconductor to detect light. Which of the following statements is true of a photodiode detector?

A Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the depletion region and the electrons will drift to the n-side and the holes will drift to the p-side.

B Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the depletion region and the electrons will drift to the p-side and the holes will drift to the n-side.

C Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the entire p-n semiconductor and the electrons will diffuse along the p-side and the holes will diffuse along to the n-side.

D Electron-hole pairs are created by each light photon absorbed in the entire p-n semiconductor and the electrons will diffuse along the n-side and the holes will diffuse along to the p-side.

39 When a detector is pointed towards a radioactive sample that is 80.0 cm away and has a half-life of 20 minutes, it gives an average count-rate of 78 s 1 . In the absence of the source, the average count-rate is 10 s 1 . What average count-rate is expected 40 minutes later, with the detector still pointed towards the sample but now located 40.0 cm away? Regard the sample to be a point source of radiation.

A

17 s 1

B

27 s 1

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

C

68 s 1

9646/01/2010

D

78 s 1

[Turn Over

17

40 The nucleus of an unstable element decays by -particle emission into a stable daughter. The process is observed in an experiment.

y y x Graph 1 y y x
y
y
x
Graph 1
y
y
x

Graph 3

observed in an experiment. y y x Graph 1 y y x Graph 3 Graph 2

Graph 2

in an experiment. y y x Graph 1 y y x Graph 3 Graph 2 Graph

Graph 4

x

x

Number of daughter nuclei vs time

Rate of alpha emissions vs number of parent nuclei present

A Graph 2

Graph 3

B Graph 2

Graph 1

C Graph 4

Graph 3

D Graph 4

Graph 1

FOR NJC INTERNAL USE ONLY

End of Paper

9646/01/2010

[Turn Over