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Products Solutions Services

Hydrocarbon custody transfer: Make sure that you get the net fuel volume you
have paid for

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Webinar – Hydrocarbons Custody Transfer

Confirm that you really get the net fuel volume have
you paid

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

About the speakers

Osmel Reyes Vaillant Israel Sifontes


Regional Industry Measurement Solution Business Manager
Osmel.Reyes@endress.com Israel.Sifontes@endress.com
25 Years of experience 28 Years of experience
7 Years in Endress+Hauser 15 Years in Endress+Hauser
Nationality: Cuba Nationality: Venezuela
LinkedIn profile: LinkedIn profile:
https://www.linkedin.com/in/os https://www.linkedin.com/in/isra
mel-reyes-237a5839/ el-sifontes-41651285/

Endress+Hauser Group

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

TOPICS

1. International Standards Applicable


2. Fluids Properties Effects Compensations
3. Importance of the Fluid Conditioning
4. Flow Metering Systems
5. Return Of Investments ROI

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Standards and Regulations

• An FMS metering system does not have to comply to a International standard,


to be called FMS. It depends on the country and the application.
• Calling a system ‘Royalty’ or ‘Custody’ or ‘Fiscal’ standard, does not always
specify a particular accuracy of measurement. More information is needed.
• Here are some examples of codes & standards you may see:

EU: OIML R117-1 (Liquids) R137-1 (gases) MID-005 (EU 2004/22/EC)

USA: API MPMS UK: DECC (Dti) Guidelines


Saudi Saudi Aramco Standards Brazil: ANP Guidelines
Arabia
Norway: NDP Guidelines Russia: GOST
Iran: IPS Vietnam: TVNC Guidelines

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

OIML R 117-1 Dynamic Measuring systems for liquids other than water
Accuracy Class – Section 2.4
Taking in consideration the field of application, the systems
are classified in four (4) Class of Accuracy, as indicated in the
Table 1:

Pipeline

Loading / Offloading

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

OIML R 117-1 Dynamic Measuring systems for liquids other than water
MPE: Max Permissible Error– Section 2.5
For quantities less than 2 liters or 2 Kilograms, the max permissible
error (positive or negative): in indications of quantity (Volume in
measuring conditions, volume in conditions base and/or mass), are
indicated in the Table 2:

Line A: Accuracy of
the complete
Metering System

Line B: Accuracy of
the Flowmeter

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Poll

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

A practical example
If we look at an observed volume measurement of crude oil between two meters in series at two different fluid
temperatures we can see a volume discrepancy. This is because density and therefore volume changes with temperature. A
discrepancy in volume will occur if the volume is not corrected back to a standard temperature.

Crude Oil mass total: 20.000 kg

Temperature Density Volume


Meter A Meter B
[°C] [kg/m3] [m3]
60°C 15°C

60 801.06 24.97
If meter A measures the oil volume at 60 °C and meter B
measures the oil volume at 15 °C the two volumes won´t
15 825.33 24.23 match even though the mass hasn’t changed!
This is why when buying, selling, or comparing
VOLUME DIFFERENCE: 0.74 m3 volumes it must be done at a standard temperature!

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Corrected Volumes
• Within the oil and gas industry, some countries have converted their processes and regulations
to trade and balance hydrocarbon products on a mass basis, however the vast majority of
world areas still trade these commodities on a volume basis.
• Due to the fact that density and therefore volume changes with changes in temperature, to
ensure fair trading and accurate balancing of liquids on a volume basis the volumetric
quantity must always be corrected back to a stated and known temperature.
• The temperature used for this purpose is known and referred to by different names:
• Reference temperature / base temperature
• When a volume is corrected to this temperature it then becomes for example:
• Standard (gpm@60°F, scf, etc.) or Normal (Nm3) volume

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

API referenced corrections


• The American Petroleum Institute (API) has written a series of documents called:
• Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards (MPMS)
• These are written collaboratively by end users, vendors, regulators, and industry people and are
regarded as the oil and gas industry standard for measurement practices that are used in the field.
• The API MPMS Chapter 11.1 advises users how to convert both density and volume from:

• Observed conditions – volume and density at line temperature

- TO -
• Standard / Normal conditions – volume and density at a defined temperature
• The correction factor used or calculated to convert volume from observed temperature conditions
standard conditions is known as: CTL (Correction for the effect of Temperature on a Liquid)

• Per API MPMS Chapter 11.1 accepted standard temperatures are:


• 15 °C / 20 °C / 60 °F

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Typical Schematic for installing Coriolis Flowmeter according API 5.6

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Coriolis Flowmeter Portfolio

Promass Q
Promass E300 CNGMass
Promass O
Promass F300

LPGMass

Promass F500

Promass X
Promass F

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Traceability of the hydrocarbon calibration

Flow measurement Calibration Calibration Calibration Calibration Comparison


Flow in pipeline Flowmeter Piston prover Volume standard Weighing scale Duplicate prototype
vs. vs. vs. vs. vs. kg No. 38
Flowmeter Piston prover Volume standard Weighing scale National ref. weight vs.
intern. kg (IKP)

Plant operator Endress+Hauser, Reinach, Switzerland METAS, Bern, Switzerland BIPM, Sèvres, France

Accuracy class: Measurement uncert. Measurement uncert. Measurement uncert. Measurement uncert. Measurement uncert.
±0.2% ±0.05% (Prover) ±0.02% ±0.01% ±0.001% ±0.000001%
(OIML R117 Cl. 0.3) ±0.08% (Master meter) (Volume standard) (Scale) (Reference weights)
Repeatability: Currently, a worldwide effort is
underway to redefine the IPK so
±0.025% that it can be derived from
(API MPMS Ch. 4.8) fundamental constants of physics.

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

The oil calibration facility reflects installation conditions at the site

Compact prover (FMD130) PD pumps

FCP-21
(low viscous rig)

Heat-exchanger
MUT section
FCP-22
(high viscous rig) CMF master meter Compact prover (FMD90)

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Flow Computers & Batch Controllers


Flow Computers Flow Computers with Batch Controllers

Flow-X/ST
Flow-X/S Microload Accuload III-S Accuload III-Q

Flow-X/R
Flow-P
Vega II Vega T

OMNI 3000/6000 Micro MV100 MFX_4 Terminal MFX_4 Controller EX

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Gas / Liquid Separator – Air Eliminator


Gas Liquid Separator GS Strainer Air Eliminator AE

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Valves On-Off / Check


Trunnion Ball Valve DB&B Float Ball Valve Check Valve

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hSIqpzr6nu0

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Flow Control Valve FCV

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Backpressure PCV

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Fluid Management Solutions FMS


OFF LOADING METERING SKID OMS 080 / 100 Certified and Standardized Solution for Custody Transfer

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Components of Customized Fuel Reception Skid

Air Eliminator Coriolis

Pump System

Grounding System

INLET

Batch Controller
ISOIL VEGA II

Strainer
Frame / Metal Support

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Components of Customized Fuel Reception Skid

Air Eliminator

Coriolis

OUTLET

FCV Flow Control Valve

Frame / Metal Support

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Fluid Management Solutions FMS


FLOW METERING SKID FOR LPG/ LNG, FUELS

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Poll

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ROI RETURN ON INVESTMENT

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Questions?

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SBU - Flow Management Solutions FMS

Thanks for
your Attention!

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