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Designing and Fabrication of Double acting Hacksaw Machine

Conference Paper · June 2018

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
st nd
University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

Designing and Fabrication of Double acting Hacksaw Machine


1 2 3 4 5
*1, *2,4,5
Avi Rana* , Deepak Bailwal* , Gagan Bansal , Ashish Rawat and Himanshu Pandey
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate Student, Graphic Era Deemed to be University,
3
Dehradun, India
Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University,
Dehradun, India
*Corresponding Author: avirana1922@gmail.com (9412989922), deepakbailwal7895@gmail.com

ABSTRACT: - The objective of this work is to automate the conventional power hacksaw machine in
order to achieve high productivity of work-pieces than the power hacksaw machine using a Double
hacksaw blade. The operator need not measure the length of the work-piece that is to be cut. The
machine feeds the work-piece with the help of a shaft, which is driven by a DC motor. A DC motor is
used to bring about the reciprocating motion required for cutting the work-pieces. With the help of this
multi-way power hacksaw machine, the four metal bars can be cut simultaneously to get the high-speed
cutting rate and to achieve mass production for maximum profit in related companies. This project is
very much useful and easy to install by the user and also the motor used will not only operate with the
help of electricity but also through conventional source of energy like solar energy.

Keywords: - Scotch Yoke Mechanism, fabrication, sliding mechanism, double acting hacksaw,
Designing.

1. INTRODUCTION helpful for small-scale industries due to its


In present condition many electrically operated simple working and operating conditions along
power hacksaw machines of different companies with its compatibility, efficiency and affordable
with different specifications are available for the price. This project is about cutting the wood,
use in the shop floor. These machines are so metal, pipe, angle, channel, flat plates, rods and
precise that they can cut metal bars with such other things. This project is very much
minimum time made up of different materials but useful and easy to install by the user. However,
they have one and major disadvantage that the author's name can be used along with the
those are able to cut a single piece of the bar at reference number in the running text. The order
a time. For industries to achieve the mass of reference in the running text should match
production, it is necessary to cut metal bars with with the list of references at the end of the
high rate. So it is impossible to depend upon paper.
conventional single frame power hacksaw 1.1 History of Hacksaw Machine: The saw
machines and need the improvement in was one of the first great innovations of the
technology and design of such machines. With Metal Age. It was developed with smelted
the help of this multi-way power hacksaw copper, from which a blade could be cast.
machine, the four metal bars can be cut Many of the early copper saws have the
simultaneously to get the high-speed cutting rate general appearance of large meat-carving
and to achieve mass production for maximum knives. Egyptian illustrations from about
profit in related companies. As this machine 1500 BC onward show the saw being used
overcomes all the limitations and drawbacks of to rip boards, the timber being lashed to a
conventional hacksaw machines, it is also vertical post set into the ground. Though

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
st nd
University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

there is no evidence of the type of saw used, 2. LITERATURE SURVEY


Egyptians were able to saw the hard stone.
The blade was probably toothless and rode
2.1 Definition
on an abrasive material such as moistened
Hacksaw Machines offered by us are used for
quartz sand. The 7 1/2-foot granite coffer
metal cutting ranging from transportable model
still in the Great Pyramid carries saw marks.
to giant size machine. Owing to smooth &
During the Bronze Age, saws became much
speedy functioning abilities, these hacksaw
more widespread in woodworking. It was at
machines operations spontaneously for aiding
this time that the modern form of the saw
the worker in consistently carrying his work with
began to come into play. Some of the saws
ultimate competence. A sewing machine is a
used resembled hacksaw blades of today.
machine tool designed to cut material to a
Iron saws started to be produced in the mid-
desired length or contour. It functions by drawing
7th century BC.
a blade containing cutting teeth through the
workpiece. The sewing machine is faster and
1.2 Motivation
easier than a hand saw and is used principally to
When we searching for our project in the market
produce an accurate square or mitred cut on the
we show the demand of hacksaw blade is
workpiece.
considerably increasing day by day with the
growth of industrialization, engineering sector,
2.2 Scotch Yoke Mechanism
real estate, automobile sector etc. It is used in
The scotch yoke is a mechanism for converting
almost every sector for cutting of materials like
the linear motion of a slider into rotational motion
the angle, channel, flat plates, rods and such
or vice-versa. The piston or other reciprocating
other things. It is also required in auto repair
part is directly coupled to a sliding yoke with a
shops, general repairing workshops, fitting
slot that engages a pin on the rotating part. The
shops, welding shops and technical institutes.
shape of the motion of the piston is a pure sine
Govt. department of Railway, Defense, PWD,
wave over time given a constant rotational
Postal & Telegraph and others are one of the
speed. The Scotch yoke (also known as
main users of it. In India large nos. of small
slotted link mechanism) is a reciprocating
enterprises are engaged in its manufacturing. By
motion mechanism, converting the linear motion
considering its demand, new production unit has
of a slider into rotational motion, or vice versa.
a great prospect. So from that, we have
The piston or other reciprocating part is directly
concluded that the future base hacksaw
coupled to a sliding yoke with a slot that
machine is used for very costly machinery and in
engages a pin on the rotating part. The location
locomotives. The user can use this project in
of the piston versus time is a sine wave of
small industry, which cannot afford costly
constant amplitude, and constant frequency is
machinery.
given a constant rotational speed. The term
scotch yoke continues to be used when the slot

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
st nd
University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

in the yoke is shorter than the diameter of the x. Chainsaw circular machine.
circle made by the crank pin. For example, the
side rods of a locomotive may have scotch
yokes to permit vertical motion of intermediate
driving axles.

2.3 Construction
The scotch yoke mechanism is constructed with
iron bars. Here the crank is made in some length
and the yoke is also made using the same
material. It is noted that the minimum length of
the yoke should be double the length of the
crank. The crank and yoke are connected with a
pin. Iron bars are welded to both sides of the
yoke to get the reciprocating motion The yoke Fig -1: Scotch Yoke Mechanism

with the iron bars is fixed on the display board 3.2 Working Principles Hacksaw Machine

with the help of c clamp. Now the crank is using Scotch yoke Mechanism

welded to the end of the shaft of the motor. Now A hacksaw machine is work on the principle of
the pin on the crank is connected to the yoke. SCOTCH YOKE MECHANISM in this rotary
motion of the shaft is to be converted into the

3.HACKSAW MACHINE reciprocating motion of hacksaw frame. Working


principle of hacksaw machine is very simple.
3.1 Types of Hacksaw Machine
First of all, the hacksaw machine is put on the
i. Light duty hacksaw machine.
ground and after that, whatever metal, wood,
ii. Hydraulic hacksaw machine.
PVC, is cut is fixed on vice at required length,
iii. Power hacksaw machine.
after that the electric motor is connected with
iv. Circular band hacksaw machine.
electricity. Now start the electric motor so due to
v. Horizontal swing type band saw machine.
that the shaft of the motor and the hollow disc
vi. Band hacksaw machine.
will be rotated and also rotate the eccentric
vii. Jigsaw machine.
Centre and link connect to it. Due to rotation of
viii. Universal type circular hacksaw machine.
links the hacksaw frame will be reciprocated on
ix. Double column band saw machine.
the metal and cutting of metal is done.

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
st nd
University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

3.4 Hacksaw Blades


The hacksaw blade consists of different parts:
i.
2 pin holes
ii.
Centerline
iii.
Side

Fig -2: Hacksaw Machine Fig.3 Hacksaw blade [Courtesy: -


3.3 Assembly of Hacksaw Machine http://www.dollfiedreams.com/viewtopic.php?f=
For assembly of hacksaw machine first of all on 39&t=11015&start=10]
the base plate electric motor is mount vertically, 3.5 Characteristics of Hacksaw Blade
the hollow disc having internal circle radius is The hacksaw blade has 2 main characteristics:
same as the radius of the shaft of the motor is fit (1) Teeth pitch which is the number of teeth per
on the shaft and also the disc has an eccentric 25 mm.
center, a metal bar is a weld at the eccentric
center. The links one end is connected with the
end of hacksaw frame and the second end is
connected with the metal bar of eccentric centre.
The buckle type elements are connected at the
end of hacksaw frame and the link is connected
to this buckle, pipe provides support to the
hacksaw frame, the pipe is connected to the
base. Vice is also fit on the pipe and which also
connect with the base.
Features of Hacksaw Machine
i.
Power efficiency. Fig 4 Teeth pitch [ Courtesy: -
ii.
High productivity. http://www.blackburntools.com/articles/saw-
iii.
Superb performance. tooth-geometry/index.html]
iv.
High operational fluency. (2) Blade length which is the length between
v.
Sturdy and robust design. the centres of its pin holes.

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
st nd
University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

machine. We learnt how the theoretical design


4. INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES is possible in practise. Another hacksaw
machine is only cut one part at one time but
this machine cut the four parts at a time, this
4.1 Advantages
i. hacksaw machine has lighter weight compared
The weight of the machine is less.
ii. to another machine. The cost of the machine is
It reduces the work of labour.
iii. less and easy to operate so it affordable for all
Easy to make because of simple
industry. The material cast iron which is used
construction.
iv. will give the high strength than alloy steels.
High production rate.
v. This project is very much useful and easy to
Cost is less.
vi. install by the user and also the motor used will
Easy maintenance and maintenance
not only operate with the help of electricity but
cost is less.
vii. also through conventional source of energy
It resists all atmospheric effects.
like solar energy
4.2 Disadvantages
i.
Time consume more.
ii.
Speed variation is required for cutting REFERENCES
the different metal [1]. R. Subhash, C.M. Meenakshi, K. Samuel

4.3 Applications Jayakaran, C. Venkateshwara, R. Sasidharan,


i.
In engineering industry. “Fabrication pedal power Hacksaw.
ii.
In construction industry. [2] Peart, G. R. (1902). U.S. Patent No. 706,447.
iii.
In Workshop. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark
Office.
5. CONCLUSIONS
[3] Martin, J. A., & Erisoty, G. J. (1998). U.S.
As per the above discussion, we concluded
Patent Application No. 29/081,671.
that to overcome problems in conventional
[4] Sawyer, W. G., Diaz, K. I., Hamilton, M. A., &
hacksaw machines, due to high efficiency,
Micklos, B. (2003). Evaluation of a Model for the
easy to operate and affordable price the
Evolution of Wear in a Scotch-Yoke
proposed model of multi-way power hacksaw
Mechanism. Journal of tribology, 125(3), 678-
the machine is helpful and completes all the
681.
expectations needed for the mini-industries.
[5] Budinski, K. G., & Budinski, M. K. (2009).
Future scope of proposed research work to
Engineering materials. Nature, 25, 28.
increase the production rate cuts the metal
[6] Waldherr, A. (1989). U.S. Patent No.
bars easily. It can withstand the vibrations, no
4,835,869. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and
hazards from a jerk, no special training
Trademark Office.
required to operate it. After studying this
report, we have to know that how the A
hacksaw machine will work and knowing the
construction and how mechanism work in the

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
st nd
University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

[7] Lipcha, B., Kadam, A., Gadakh, S., Yadav,


A., & Pathan, F. U. RECTIFICATION OF
POWER HACKSAW MACHINE.
[8] Kalpakjian, S., & Schmid, S. R.
(2014). Manufacturing engineering and
technology (p. 913). Upper Saddle River, NJ,
USA: Pearson.

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International Conference on Mechanical Industrial System Engineering (ICMISE’2018), Graphic Era Deemed to be
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University, Dehradun, 1 2 June’2018

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