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called: - © scurvy. 8 arthntis aren 8Ad 4 Which organ is labelled X in the drawing? BAe 41. Starch is broken down into smaller molecules called A salts. ¢ proteins. B sugars. 1D armino acids. 2. Which label shows the place Wher digested food passes into the 7 ‘A small intestine liver B_ stomach D_ mouth 2. Inthe diagram in question 1, what does the organ labelled X do? ‘A_ It mixes up food with acid and breaks wn proteil on B Itadds vitamins to the food. © It takes the water out of the food. 3 Digested food mainly passes into the blood D It stores waste food until it can be got "by the pr —=~ ~~ rid of. — a ‘A_ diffusion. © digestion. 3. Indigestion: _A_ctiusion— . B diffraction. Dilution ‘A. soluble food substances are mace into insoluble ones so that they can be @ The process in question 3 is speeded UP taken in by the small intestine. because the part of the body where it occurs B insoluble food substances are broken A. has a much higher temperature than p je ones so thal they cal aken in by the smal infestne: ¢ soluble food substances are made into “insoluble ones so that they can be © contains blood x 3 ody until needed.” D contains faeces. nces are broken sso that they can the rest of the body. B_ has 2 very large surface area, Cag Beate hates ° me 4 Why does a lens change the path of light? A Light changes direct itgoes into the Tens and when it comes out B Light changes direction in the centre of the lens. © Light is reflected by the surface of the lens. D Light travels faster in glass than it doos in airy, 8Jd 4 Which part of a camera changes energy transferred by light into electrical signals? ‘A_ sensor A sensor. B lens ¢ shutter D memory card 2 Which of these parts of the eye are transparent? © There are three types of cone cells that aol blue and green taht D_ Calls in the retina convert energy transferred by ight into nerve impulses. 4. Which of those camer doos not have an equivalent in ‘A aporture B shutter © sensor D lens 4 Which statement is not true? A. Arainbow is a spectrum of colours. B_ White light is made up of many colours. © Aspectrum can only be made using D_ Aprism can split white light into @ spectrum. 2 Ared fier: _A_absorbs red light. B [ets through all colours of fight.» only lets red light through. D_ changes all the colours into red light. 3 Blue objects look bive because: A they reflect all colours. B they refract all colours. they absorb blue light. D they reflect blue light, 4 Danny is wearing white shorts and a red shirt. Which statement is most likely to be true? Ain blue light, his shorts look blue and Tis shitlooksblack. = B_ In blue light, his shorts look blue and his shirt looks red. CC Inred light, his shorts look red and his shirt looks black. D_ In green light, his shorts look red and his shirt looks yellow. \- 3 Which of these statements is true? 4) These statements are about the rock cycle A Chemical weathering always involves Which one is correct? water L 8 ‘A. Any of the throe types of rock con Physical weathering always involves ‘rye into any ofthe other tYPOS. eal B All the processes in the rock cycle © Chemical weathering deponds on happen very slowly temperature changes. The rock cycle only desoribes how D Biological weathering happens because rocks are worn away. rain water is slightly acide D_ The rock cycle only deseribes what 4. Which statement s rue? ‘happens to molten rock ‘A Ice can transport only small rocks sHe B Wind can tan er pat o than water, eee asce 4. Which is the best description of . re? © The slower water is moving, the larger A. a mineral that contains 9 meta the partcies it can carry. Ba rock that contains minerals. D Water can transport larger particles © a tock that contains enough of & than wind eel mineral to make it worth 8Hd extracting. Pa in D_amineral that contains iron. hich is the best statement to complete on this sentence? iplet 2. How do we obtain metals ‘such as iron’ ‘Sedimentary racks are formed when: AuTi tre exacted om the res ‘A. sediments are compacted and then cemented. B They are extracted from their ores using physical methods. B sediments are cemented and then Se ‘compacted ¢ sediments are buried and compacted. D rocks are weathered and eroded. 2 Fossils are usually © They are found in rocks in their native state. D They are made from other metals. 3 Which statement about mining is not true? ‘A. Mines can cause pollution to water A. skeletons of animals. supplies. B different layers of sediment B_ Mining is cheaper if steps are taken to © very old animals. control pollution. D_ the shapes of dead animals or plants ou pasna a neieauer that were buried in sediments. eee as to 3 Which statement describes some of the DEMies con caine reesendeied ways in which metamorphic rocks are different from sedimentary rocks? ‘A Metamorphic rocks do not contain 4, Which statement describes an advantage of recycling metals? A. Itwill make our supplies of metal ores crystals and are very porous. B_ Metamorphic rocks are softer, more cea porous and have large grains. B It increases the energy needed to ‘rocks may be harder, less produce metals. ¢ that may be It increases the amount of material sent to landfill sites. D_ It costs money to collect and sort scrap metals. Page 2 of 2 On your answer: ‘sheet, write in or circle the correct later for each question. 8Ha 1 Amineral is: A. another name for a rock. Ba chemical compound found in rocks © a hard piece of material. D atype of salt. 2 In science, the texture of a rook is A. the way it feels. B_ whether itis hard or crumbly. © its colour. D the size and shape of the grains 3. Which statement describes this rock? ‘A rounded grains of three different minerals B. interlocking grains of two different minerals, © interlocking crystals of three different minerals: D rounded grains with gaps between them 4 Some rocks are permeable because: A the rock dissolves in water. B_ water can get into gaps between the grains. © animals have dug burrows in the rock D is made of interlocking 8Hb 4. Igneous rocks are formed when ‘A. magma or lava is put under pressure B_ magma or lava cools down. fava is heated up. lava evaporates. 12014, Copying permite for This materials not copyright ee, 2. When an igneous rock i forming [A taege crystals wil form ifthe magn haat up avichly 18 small crystal wal form the magma {cools slowly. taige crystals wil form the magne: ‘coole slowly sual crystals wll form if the magma ‘evaporates quickly, 3. According to the particle theory. large Crystals will form if [A lote of particias have time to bond together into a regular pattern betore the liquid cools. B the particles are kept 2s far apart os possible. © the particles have time to collect together before they melt. D the particles coo! quickly and don't have time to move apart 4 Metamorphic rocks are formed by the ‘effects of A. high pressures or low temperatures B high pressures or high temperatures, © tow pressures or high temperatures, D_ low pressures or low temperatures. 8He 4 Physical weathering happens to rocks when: A. the weather is always hot. B the weather keeps changing between hot and cold © the weather is always cold. D the rock gets struck by lightning. 2. Freeze-thaw action damages rocks because: ‘A. the rocks melt, B_ the rocks freeze, water expands when it thaws. D_ water expands when it freezes. Page 1 of CT eed 1 In which kingdom ie a the or wve many cols ond tel cons naa © The energy is break Ing the bonds Bid between the particles, Sine aa eaeyt8 S88 MEICES nich of those forces is tho uPtNUs? (of making the gas hotter. Ee _ Bic a 4. The pressure in liquids and gases is 4 caused by: aoe 2. How can you work out whether or not an A the particles pressing down, abject will oat in water? B the particles pushing up. A Findits weight. © the particles moving sideways 8 Fno ks meas, D the particles moving in all directions smpare its volume with the volume of and colliding with things. CeO 2 When a gas is compressed D_Compare its density with the density of A the particles bump into the walls of the “water. container less often, @ Why does a hot air balloon float in ar? B the pressure drops. A. Airis less dense than water. the particles become more spread out. B_The density of hot airis less than the. D_the pressure increases. density of cold al. 3 Why does a submarine need to be stronger € Airis denser on cold days. than a ship of the same size? 1D The overall density of the balloon and its basket is less than the density of the ‘A Water pressure is greater near the surface of the water. air. 4 Blocks of the same size but different B There is more water pressure at the —pottomofthesea materials are floating in a tank of water. There is more of block A beneath the © Submarines carry more cargo than surface than there is of block B. Which ships statement is correct? D. Water pressure decreases with depth. A Block B is denser than block A. Which graph shows how air pressure B_ Both blocks have a density greater than. changes with height? glans, Block Ais denser than block B.. D_ You cannot say anything about their densities based on this information, 1 Someone's dat ‘A what hey et to oe lose weigh, © the amount of money they owe D_ measured in Wilograms (ko). 2 A.nutient found in many foods i © eneray carbon dioxide important for your body because: A tis a source o fbr. B iis a source of energy. © itcan be a sold, 8 squid or a gas. D _itean dissolve substances. 4 Whatis used to testa food for starch? AA iodine soluton __¢ a piece of paper B Benedict's solution D- sugar BAD 1. Ourbodies need food as a fuel for: A. nutrition, © respiration. B excretion D combustion, 2 Good sources of protein are: ‘A_ meat, fish and nuts, B fruits and vegetables. v pasta, potatoes and rice. D nuitjuices. 3. Proteins are mainly used in the body for: A energy. © _growth and repai B digestion. _D_strong bones. 4” Which ofthese people will need to eat food containing the most energy in a day? A ad-year-old child B an 85-year-old woman Po etd ‘A. tho mass of all the food you eat in & day adds up 10 100 69 1B the mass of a ‘day e equal to the mass you reas 6. ou nt foods onan ne hi — a 1e different nutrients yer onl a hon Fay. 2 The ube shows Releerc nates for Meare carn | fot ie vari Which nutrient do girls need more of than boys? A vitaminc — G eneray Biron D_ carbohydrate 3. Which of these problems cannot be caused by eating too much sugar? tooth decay starvation A malnutrition B obesity D 4. The drawing shows a girl suffering from a deficiency disease. Page 1 of 2 1) Whats released during respiration? A. eneray 8 food © ir D ghicose 2 Respiration is aerobic itt requires: A carbon dione, energy. © oxygen, D tings 2. ih of these correct word equation A lucose + oxygen + ~_Safboh dioxide + water AB carton + dioxygen —» slucose + oxygen & glucose —+ energy Doxygen + carbon —> carbon dioxide —& 4 The main difference between combustion ‘and aerobic respiration is that A_ only combustion releases energy. by heating, B only respiration produces carbon dioxide. © only respiration produces water. D_ combustion is much faster. 8Cb 1 On the diagram, the part labelled with the a \ a 4 Cte 2 During gas exchange in the lungs, there an overall diflusion of. Aci mn dieside into he hu. and ~_oayosn Tat 1B oxygon into the lung and carbon Gloxide into the blood. © oxygen and cartoon dioxide into the blood D_ oxygen and carbon dioxide into the lung, (3 During ignatation, rb and deptragm ae A. contract to increase the pressure inside the lungs. B relax to reduce t Te lungs — © contract to reduce the pressure inside the lungsg D relax to increase the pressure inside the lungs 4 Dustis prevented from getting into the lungs by a tayer of mucus, which is swept away by: A alveoli B cilia, © filaments., D fagelta. , 8Cc 1 Heart disease is caused by: A. the heart growing too big. ~ B blood vessels leading to the heart muscle becoming blocked. © eating too i 2s the. Stomach to push up on the hear. D being allergic to a certain substance in food. 2 A poisonous substance in cigarette smoke stops red blood cells carrying oxygen. This. substance is called: A tar. B nicotine. © water vapour. D_carbon monoxide. Page 1 of 2 4 Which of these is a ite * Out by al organ ara Process cared A. photosynthesis 8 breathing © fermentation DB _tespiration _ ‘Two kingdoms that contain O Teeter atc my A. prokaryotes and protoctsts. B animals and plants, © yeast and fungi. D viruses and bacteria, 3. Mulicellular organisms need transport systems to carry materials to their cells because: ‘A. diffusion is not fast enough to do this. B diffraction is not fast enough to do ths. Pee cd 3. Yoast reproduce by: [A binary fission Binary fusion © fermentation _D_budding ‘The graph shows the growth of a population of yeast. oe | \ aoe ‘At point P the graph becomes lovel. ‘One reason for this might be that: A the yeast colls can only grow 10 & contain size. B the food for the yeast hes started to run out ithas got dark and there is not enough light for the yeast to grow. D the carbon dioxide for the yeast has stariedtorunout © dissolving is not fast enough to do this. D_ dispersion is not fast enough to do ths. @ one tecture of at prokaryotes is that they. 8De (A ave chlomptasin_ 41 Three resources needed by all bactria fr gown re B donot have nuclei © do not respire. D donot have cytoplasm. A. warmth, food and moisture. _ B light, carbon dioxide and glucose © oxygen, nitrogen and mould. D darkness, moisture and nitrogen. 8Db 41 Which of these is a food often made 2. A product of fermentation of milk by using yeast? bacteria is: A chips B cheese A ethanol B oxygen. © glucose. D tactic a bread D_ yoghurt 3 The drawing shows a bacterium 2 Which of these shows the correct word equation for anaerobic respiration in yeast? x SX N ‘A oxygen + glucose —> What is the part labelled X called? ‘carbon dioxide + water B carbon dioxide + water > ‘oxygen + glucose A tail B chromosome Ben + water © ciium D_ flagellum Page 1 of 2 1 1) Whats released during respiration? A. eneray 8 food © ir D ghicose 2 Respiration is aerobic itt requires: A carbon dione, energy. © oxygen, D tings 2. ih of these correct word equation A lucose + oxygen + ~_Safboh dioxide + water AB carton + dioxygen —» slucose + oxygen & glucose —+ energy Doxygen + carbon —> carbon dioxide —& 4 The main difference between combustion ‘and aerobic respiration is that A_ only combustion releases energy. by heating, B only respiration produces carbon dioxide. © only respiration produces water. D_ combustion is much faster. 8Cb 1 On the diagram, the part labelled with the a \ a 4 Cte 2 During gas exchange in the lungs, there an overall diflusion of. Aci mn dieside into he hu. and ~_oayosn Tat 1B oxygon into the lung and carbon Gloxide into the blood. © oxygen and cartoon dioxide into the blood D_ oxygen and carbon dioxide into the lung, (3 During ignatation, rb and deptragm ae A. contract to increase the pressure inside the lungs. B relax to reduce t Te lungs — © contract to reduce the pressure inside the lungsg D relax to increase the pressure inside the lungs 4 Dustis prevented from getting into the lungs by a tayer of mucus, which is swept away by: A alveoli B cilia, © filaments., D fagelta. , 8Cc 1 Heart disease is caused by: A. the heart growing too big. ~ B blood vessels leading to the heart muscle becoming blocked. © eating too i 2s the. Stomach to push up on the hear. D being allergic to a certain substance in food. 2 A poisonous substance in cigarette smoke stops red blood cells carrying oxygen. This. substance is called: A tar. B nicotine. © water vapour. D_carbon monoxide. Page 1 of 2 (On your answer sheet, 8Ea 1 Com ‘Combustion is a scientic word for: A exploding B burning © evaporating —_B__getting hotter 2 Atvelis: Aa substance ormed red om i Srganisme hat ed ong e290 B a substance that explodes © a substance that contains hydrocarbons D a substance that transfers energy usefully, usually by heating, 3 When hydrogen reacts with ox) en reacts with oxygen, the Product is: a A water B oxide © carbon dioxide hydrogen ‘4. The products of combustion of a hydrocarbon are: A hydrogen + oxygen B carbon dioxide + water © cerbon dioxide + hydrogen D carbon + water 8Eb 41 Oxidation is always: A. a reaction in which a substance ‘combines with oxygen. B a reaction in which a substance burns in oxygen. © avreaction in which a substance burns inair D_anexplosive reaction. 2. When zine bums in oxygen it forms: B zinc hydroxide D zinc oxide A water © zinc carbonate 3 During a chemical reaction, reactants form fucts. Compare the mass of reactants with the mass of products formed. ‘A. The mass of reactants is greater than the mass of products. 5 of products is greater than reactants. 12014. Copying permites fer J This materials not copyright tee PTT eed rite in oF circle the eotrac etter for wach question. © Tho mass of products is the same as the mass of roactants 1D. The change in mass depen the reactants and products 4. Whon 4.8 9 of magnesium reacts with 9.2.9 fof oxygen, how much magnesiom oxide = Jn wat formed? A169 B 499 © 709 D 809 BEC 4. The three sides of a fre triangle are: [A fio, water, heat Beat, water, fuel © heat, oxygen, fuel D fire, oxygen, fuel 2. What does this hazard symbol warn of A. The substance is explosive. B_ The substance burns easily. G The substance supplies oxygen to fires. D_ The substance puts out fires. 3. What happens in an exothermic react A. Energy is released that increases the temperature of the surroundings. jon? B_ Energy is taken in from the surroundings, reducing the temperature. © The reacting substances always explode. D_ You need to heat a substance or substances to get a reaction to occur, 4. The best way to put out a small electrical fire is: A. spray it with water to cool it down, B_ spray with foam to exclude alr and cool itdown. © cover with a wet cloth to exclude air ‘and cool it down, D_ spray with a powder extinguisher to exclude ai. Page 1 of Srey SCIENCE Quick Quiz Raters ‘On your answer she ‘your answer sheet, write in or circle the correct etter for each question: A chr tcern de ol fe pela ve many cells and their have many cells have no A plant kingdom B_ animal kingdom © United Kingdom D_ fungus kingdom 2. Characteristics of conifers include having A_needle-shaped leaves. B flowers. © fiat leaves. D allack of xylem tissue. 3° Primula vulgaris is the scientific name for wild primroses. What genus do wild primroses belong to? A plants vulgaris 4 We should preserve biodiversity A to stop it going off. B so that itis easier to tell organisms apart. © to stop organisms producing hybrids B Primula vulgaris D Primula D_ because many organisms may De useful to us. 8Bb 4 Asexual reproduction needs: A. sperm cells and egg cells. B two parents. © only one parent. 'D noparents. plants can reproduce using B sprinters. D walkers. 3. Which of these Is an & ymple of inherited variation in plants? 1A having a disease _B flower colour © being eaten by slugs x D_ being used as a vegetable x 4 Infertiisation A afertilised e99 cell grows into ‘an embryo. B amale andate © male gametes are produced D_ aplants grows in some animal droppings, 8Bc 4 Onthe diagrs a female gamete fuse. ‘am, the part labelled A is the: B style. D anther. A stigma. °C ovary. @) ina flower, the anther: A. receives pollen grains, B_ makes pollen grains. © makes nectar. D_ contains the egg cells 3. Which of the following des yon safe 19 describes a group 1 A. avery reactive metal Ba very unreactive met © a very reactive non-metal D a very unreactive non-metal The elements were arranged in the periodic table n ordor of teresting A. density. B reactivity. 8Fd 4 Where are most non-metals found in the periodic table? Fh Ete © melting point D_ masses of atoms fl" a i \ gi t EERE 2 Which of the following substances will be a liquid at 350 °C? ‘Substance A B c D 3 Which list contains three typical properties of non-metals? ‘A. good conductor of heat, bite, low melting point B_ good conductor of electricity, strong, ‘i high meting point 4 c ‘of heat, strong, 4 Some formation abour group 0 atemnents ingiven below Giomont | He | Me t Density | 02 | 08 | (gem * 000) | \ “Tom dota ows nat the cansity of OUP O atomonts 'A. dows not change down the group, 1B increases down the group, ¢ decreases down the group. D_ shows no pattern within the grou. 8Fe When magnesium is heated and reacts with oxygen 998 {A itglows red and forms magnesium onide 926: B. itbums brightly and forms magnesium oxide gas. © it glows red and forms solid white magnesium oxide, D_itburns brightly and forms solid white magnesium oxide. Compared to sulfur dioxide, lithium oxide is likely to have. ‘A a lower melting point and higher pH. B_ a higher melting point and higher pH. Ca higher melting point and lower pH. D a lower melting point and lower pH. In which of the following pairs of elements is the second element more reactive than the first element? A. sodium and potassium B_ sodium and lithium © chlorine and bromine D fluorine and chlorine Astatine is a very rare element found at the bottom of group 7. Astatine is likely to be: A. anon-metal gas that is very unreactive. B a metal that reacts with water. C ametal that does not react easily. D anon-metal that reacts with metals. Page 2 of 2 ‘On your answer sheet, write in oF circle the correct letter for each question. 1. These statoments are about are about the particle ‘model of matter, Which one isnot carrot? ‘A._Liquids are hard to compress because A _jiauids are h narass becpus ‘pand to fil their container there are only weak forces between the particles, © Liquids can flow because there are only Very weak forces between the particles. D Solids have a fixed shape because there are very strong forces betwaen the particles. 2 Why do solids expand when they are heated? A. The particles get bigger B_The particles vibrate more and take up_ “Tore space— © The particles vibrate more and get closer together. D_ The particles stick together. 3. Density is A the woight of @ fixed mass of something B_ the volume of a fixed weight of something. the weight of a fixed volume of something D the mass of a fixed volume of something. @ What happens to the density of a block of ‘iron when it is heated? A Itincreases, because the volume increases. B Itincreases, because the volume decreases, Itdecreases, because the volume increases. Bib + when evaporating. _ 'B condensing © meting D dissolving What happens to the temperature ofthe 2 ter n'a beaker when iis boting? A ltgoen up B tt stays he same 1d water changes into steam ts © goes down D tall doponds on how hot the water was tovstart wth in what way is ce diferent to other sols ~ materials? A Iti colder. B Itoccurs naturally € Ico (sold water is less dense than ~ quid water D_ The density of ce does not change when itis cooled down G) Jo hoats a beaker of water and draws 2 ‘raph to show how is temperature Changes. Which sentence explains the shape of the graph at point? A The particles in the solid are breaking apart and releasing energy. B_ The liquid is giving out the energy needed to break the bonds between particles, 1 Page 1 of 3 3 The flower inthis drawing is potinated by. an insect. the wind, {an insect or the wind. D bacteria. x 4 If sett-potination occurs: ‘A. the offspring will not have variety B offspring can never be produced © a plant will die. D the bees wil die. 8Bd 1 What part of the seed is labelled X? A 8 oS B seed coat D zygote 2. The seeds inside an apple are dispersed bY: A the wind. B insects. ¢_animals that eat them. D being carried on the fur of animals. Cement d 3 Inthe diagram, the part labelled ¥ ts ci. A atood sows. aneciary anogg col. —_O_apollan tube. 4. Why is s0ed dispersal important? 'A. so hat plants can reproduce asexual BB so that plants can reproduce sexually so that offsering do not coms. with thoir parents — 0 that animals nave something 1 eat 8Be 4 Which of these resources is always needed for germination? B light D nitrogen A_water © carbon dioxide 2. The first part of the plant to break out of seed during germination is: A. the shoot, _B_ the root. © the leaves. D the male gamete. 3. The raw materials for photosynthesis are. water and oxygen. oxygen and glucose. carbon dioxide and water. ojo o> glucose and water. 4 Bees and apple trees are interdependent because: A_bees and apple trees both make things that humans like to eat. B_ bees feed on apples. © bees and apple trees are the same species. D_they both make use of the other. Page 2 of 2