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Ball & Roller Bearings

Ball & Roller Bearings

#BMM3PMMFS#FBSJOHT

CAT. NO. B 2 0 01 E - 7
Printed i n Japa n '17. 0 9 - 3 C DS ('06 . 1) CAT. NO. B2001E-7 CAT. NO. B 2 0 01 E - 7
1 Structures and types ⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 1 4 Selection of arrangement ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 20 7 Tolerances ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 58 10 Internal
clearance ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 99 13 Materials ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 130 16 Failures
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 152
2 Outline of selection ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 14 5 Selection of dimensions ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 24 8 Limiting speed ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 84 11 Preload ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 112 14 Shaft and
housing design ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 133 Technical section
3 Selection of type ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 16 6 Boundary dimensions
and bearing numbers ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 52 9 Fits ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 86 12 Lubrication ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 117 15 Handling ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ A 141
Open type ⋅⋅⋅ B 8 Shielded/sealed type ⋅⋅⋅ B 20 Locating snap ring type ⋅⋅⋅ B 32 Extra-small & miniature ⋅⋅⋅ B 40 Double-row ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ B 52
67, 68, 69, 160, 60 Z, RU N (flanged type ⋅⋅⋅ B 46)
[42, 43]
Deep groove ball
62, 63, 64 RD, RS NR
bearings

Single-row ⋅⋅⋅ B 62 Matched pair ⋅⋅⋅ B 90 Double-row ⋅⋅⋅ B 118


79, 70, 72, 73, 74 DB, DF 32, 33, 52, 53 Angular contact ball
DT 52...2RS, 53...2RS
bearings

Open type ⋅⋅⋅ B 126 Sealed type ⋅⋅⋅ B 132 Extended inner ring type ⋅⋅⋅ B 134 Adapter assemblies ⋅⋅⋅ B 136
12, 22 22...2RS
[112, 113] Self-aligning ball
13, 23 23...2RS
bearings

Single-row ⋅⋅⋅ B 142 Thrust collars ⋅⋅⋅ B 168 Double-row ⋅⋅⋅ B 178
NU10, NU2, NU22, NU32
[HJ]
NN30 Cylindrical roller
NU3, NU23, NU33, NU4 NNU49

Bearing specification tables


NU NJ NUP N NF NN NNU bearings

Metric series ⋅⋅⋅ B 194 TDO type ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ B 268 TDI type ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ B 284
Inch series ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ B 224 462, 463, 46T302, 46T322
[452, 453]
Tapered roller
329, 320, 330, 331, 302, 322 46T303, 46T303D, 46T323
332, 303, 303D, 313, 323, IS0 bearings

⋅⋅⋅ B 294 Adapter assemblies ⋅⋅⋅ B 318 Withdrawal sleeves ⋅⋅⋅ B 326
239, 230, 240, 231, 241 Spherical roller
222, 232, 213, 223
R, RR RZ RHA bearings

Single direction ⋅⋅⋅ B 338 Double direction ⋅⋅⋅ B 348


511, 512, 513, 514 522, 523, 524
⋅⋅⋅ B 356 Thrust ball,
532, 533, 534 542, 543, 544
[292, 293, 294] Spherical thrust roller
532U, 533U, 534U 542U, 543U, 544U bearings

Needle roller Drawn cup type Heavy-duty type Thrust needle roller Thrust cylindlical Combined ⋅⋅⋅ B 460, B 462 Inner ring Miniature
and cage ass'y Metric ⋅⋅⋅ B 414 Metric ⋅⋅⋅ B 432 Metric ⋅⋅⋅ B 444 roller ⋅⋅⋅ B 448 ⋅⋅⋅ B 466 one-way clutches
Metric ⋅⋅⋅ B 380 Inch ⋅⋅⋅ B 424 Inch ⋅⋅⋅ B 440 Inch ⋅⋅⋅ B 452 [Ball thrust series]
Cylindlical roller
thrust series ⋅⋅⋅ B 482 Needle roller
Inch ⋅⋅⋅ B 408
bearings

[Products Introduction]
á Ball bearing units ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ B 486
Ball bearing units
á K-series super thin section ball bearings ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 1 [Products Introduction]
á Bearings for railway rolling stock axle journals ⋅⋅⋅ C 21 á & Ceramic bearing series ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 57 á Precision ball screw support bearings á Rolling mill Special purpose
and bearing units ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 61 roll neck bearings ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 65
á Linear ball bearings ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 31 á Bearings for machine tool spindles
á Full complement type cylindrical roller bearings
(for support of axial loading) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 59
á Accessories ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 45 bearings for crane sheaves ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ C 63

á Introduction of pamphlets and catalogs ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ D 1 á Products introduction of JTEKT ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ D 13 á Products introduction in Introduction of products,
Bearings, Automotive Components, Japan Group Companies ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ D 19
Sensers, Machine tools, Mechatronics pamphlets and catalogs
á Supplementary tables ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ E 1 − E 28 Supplementary tables

á Index ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ F 1 − F 18 Index


BALL & ROLLER
BEARINGS
Publication of
Rolling Bearing Catalog

Today’s technology-based society, in order to utilize the earth’s lim-


ited resources effectively and protect the environment, must strive to
develop new technologies and alternate energy sources, and in that
connection it continues to pursue new targets in various fields. To
achieve such targets, technically advanced and highly functional rolling
bearings with significantly greater compactness, lighter weight, longer
life and lower friction as well as higher reliability during use in special
environments are sought.
This new-edition catalog is based on the results of wide-ranging tech-
nical studies and extensive R&D efforts and will enable the reader to
select the optimal bearing for each application.
JTEKT is confident that you will find this new catalog useful in the
selection and use of rolling bearings. JTEKT is grateful for your patron-
age and look forward to continuing to serve you in the future.

★The contents of this catalog are subject to change without prior


notice. Every possible effort has been made to ensure that the data
herein is correct; however, JTEKT cannot assume responsibility for
any errors or omissions.

Reproduction of this catalog without written consent is strictly prohibited


Contents
Technical section
[Introduction of products, pamphlets and catalogs]
1 Rolling bearing structures and types 9 Bearing fits 15 Handling of bearings *Introduction of pamphlets and catalogs ............. D 1
1-1 Structure ..................................A 1 9-1 Purpose of fit ............................A 86 15-1 General instructions .............A 141 *Products introduction of JTEKT ......................... D 13
*Products introduction in
1-2 Type ........................................A 1 9-2 Tolerance and fit 15-2 Storage of bearings ..............A 141 Japan Group Companies................................... D 19
for shaft & housing ...................A 86
15-3 Bearing mounting .................A 141
2 Outline of bearing selection .........A 14 9-3 Fit selection ..............................A 87
15-4 Test run ................................A 146 Supplementary tables
9-4 Recommended fits ...................A 90
15-5 Bearing dismounting.............A 148
1 Boundary dimensions of radial bearings ........ E 1
3 Selection of bearing type ..............A 16 15-6 Maintenance and inspection 2 Boundary dimensions of
10 Bearing internal clearance of bearings............................A 150 tapered roller bearings ................................... E 5
Selection of 3 Boundary dimensions of
4 bearing arrangement ....................A 20
10-1 Selection of
internal clearance ...................A 99
15-7 Methods of analyzing
bearing failures .....................A 151
single direction thrust bearings....................... E
4 Boundary dimensions of
7

double direction thrust ball bearings............... E 9


10-2 Operating clearance .............A 100
5 Selection of bearing dimentions
16 Examples of bearing failures ........A 152
5 Dimension of snap ring grooves
and locating snap rings .................................. E 11

11 Preload
5-1 Bearing service life ..................A 24 6 Shaft tolerances ............................................. E 15
7 Housing bore tolerances ................................ E 17
5-2 Calculation of service life .........A 24
11-1 Purpose of preload ...............A 112 Specification tables Contents .......... B 2 8 Numerical values for
standard tolerance grades IT ......................... E 19
5-3 Calculation of loads ..................A 32
11-2 Method of preloading............A 112 9 Greek alphabet list ......................................... E 20
5-4 Dynamic equivalent load ..........A 38 [Standard bearings]
10 Prefixes used with SI units ............................. E 20
11-3 Preload and rigidity...............A 113 *Deep groove ball bearings ................................. B 4
5-5 Basic static load rating 11 SI units and conversion factors ...................... E 21
and static equivalent load .........A 42 11-4 Amount of preload ................A 114 *Angular contact ball bearings ............................ B 54
12 Inch/millimeter conversion .............................. E 25
*Self-aligning ball bearings.................................. B 124
5-6 Allowable axial load for 13 Steel hardness conversion ............................. E 26

12 Bearing lubrication
*Cylindrical roller bearings .................................. B 138
cylindrical roller bearings ..........A 44 14 Surface roughness comparison...................... E 27
*Tapered roller bearings...................................... B 184
15 Viscosity conversion ....................................... E 28
5-7 Applied calculation examples ...A 46 *Spherical roller bearings .................................... B 290
12-1 Purpose and method
of lubrication .........................A 117 *Thrust ball bearings ........................................... B 336
Boundary dimensions and Index
6 bearing numbers 12-2 Lubricant...............................A 124
*Spherical thrust roller bearings .......................... B 354
*Needle roller bearings........................................ B 362
Bearing No. index ................................................F 1
6-1 Boundary dimensions ...............A 52 *Ball bearing units ............................................... B 486

6-2 Dimensions of snap ring grooves


13 Bearing materials
[Special purpose bearings]
Term index ...........................................................F 16

and locating snap rings ............A 53 13-1 Bearing rings and


rolling elements materials.....A 130 *K-series super thin section ball bearings ........... C 1
6-3 Bearing number ........................A 54 *Bearings for railway rolling stock
13-2 Materials used for cages ......A 132 axle journals ...................................................... C 21
*Linear ball bearings ........................................... C 31
7 Bearing tolerances
14 Shaft and housing design *Locknuts, lockwashers & lock plates ................. C 45
*EXSEV & Ceramic bearing series ..................... C 57
7-1 Tolerances and tolerance classes 14-1 Accuracy and roughness *Bearings for machine tool spindles
for bearings ..............................A 58 of shafts and housings .........A 133 (for support of axial loading) .............................. C 59
7-2 Tolerance measuring method...A 80 14-2 Mounting dimensions ...........A 134 *Precision ball screw support bearings
and bearing units ............................................... C 61
14-3 Shaft design .........................A 136 *Full complement type cylindrical roller
8 Limiting speed 14-4 Sealing devices ....................A 137
bearings for crane sheaves ............................... C 63
*Rolling mill roll neck bearings ............................ C 65
8-1 Correction of limiting speed ......A 84
8-2 Limiting speed for sealed ball bearings ...A 85
8-3 Considerations for high speed ...A 85
8-4 Frictional coefficient (refer.) ......A 85
1. Rolling bearing structures and types
1-1 Structure 2) Rolling element
Rolling elements may be either balls or roll-
Rolling bearings (bearings hereinafter) nor- ers. Many types of bearings with various
mally comprise bearing rings, rolling elements shapes of rollers are available.
and a cage. (see Fig. 1-1) Ball
Rolling elements are arranged between inner
Cylindrical roller (LW ² 3 DW)*
and outer rings with a cage, which retains the
rolling elements in correct relative position, so Long cylindrical roller (3DW ² LW ² 10DW, DW > 6 mm)*
they do not touch one another. With this struc- Needle roller (3DW ² LW ² 10DW, DW ² 6 mm)*
ture, a smooth rolling motion is realized during
Tapered roller (tapered trapezoid)
operation.
Bearings are classified as follows, by the Convex roller (barrel shape)
number of rows of rolling elements : * LW : roller length (mm)
single-row, double-row, or multi-row (triple- or
DW : roller diameter (mm)
four-row) bearings.

Outer ring Outer ring 3) Cage


Ball Roller The cage guides the rolling elements along
Inner ring Inner ring the bearing rings, retaining the rolling elements
in correct relative position. There are various
Cage types of cages including pressed, machined,
Cage molded, and pin type cages.
Due to lower friction resistance than that
found in full complement roller and ball bear-
ings, bearings with a cage are more suitable for
use under high speed rotation.
Deep groove ball bearing Tapered roller bearing
1-2 Type
Shaft race
Ball The contact angle (α ) is the angle formed by
Cage the direction of the load applied to the bearing
rings and rolling elements, and a plan perpen-
Housing race dicular to the shaft center, when the bearing is
loaded.
Thrust ball bearing
α = 0° α α = 90°
Note) In thrust bearings inner and outer rings and also
called “shaft race” and “housing race” respectively.
The race indicates the washer specified in JIS.

Fig. 1-1 Bearing structure

1) Bearing rings
The path of the rolling elements is called the Bearings are classified into two types in
raceway; and, the section of the bearing rings accordance with the contact angle (α ).
where the elements roll is called the raceway
· Radial bearings (0° ² α ² 45°)
surface. In the case of ball bearings, since
... designed to accommodate mainly
grooves are provided for the balls, they are also
radial load.
referred to as raceway grooves.
· Thrust bearings (45° < α ² 90°)
The inner ring is normally engaged with a
... designed to accommodate mainly
shaft; and, the outer ring with a housing.
axial load.
Rolling bearings are classified in Fig. 1-2, and
characteristics of each bearing type are
described in Tables 1-1 to 1-13.

A 1000 A1
1. Rolling bearing structures and types

Deep groove Bearings classified by use


ball bearing
Radial
ball bearing Single-row Double-row
[Automobile] Wheel Water pump
Angular contact hub unit bearing
ball bearing
Single-row Matched pair Double-row
or stack Clutch Tensioner
Four-point release bearing unit
contact bearing
Radial bearing ball bearing
Universal
Self-aligning
joint cross
ball bearing bearing

Cylindrical
Radial roller bearing
roller bearing Railway Axle journal
Single-row Double-row Four-row bearing
rolling
Needle stock
roller bearing
Single-row Double-row Electric Integral Plastic
Rolling bearing Tapered equipment bearing pulley unit
unit
roller bearing Business
equipment
Single-row Double-row Four-row
Construction Crane Slewing rim
Spherical sheave bearing
equipment
roller bearing bearing
Industrial
equipment
Steel industry Split Back-up roll Swimming
equipment bearing for unit for hot roll triple
Thrust
continuous leveler ring bearing
ball bearing Single with aligning Double with aligning Paper manufac- casting
Thrust turing equipment
ball bearing direction seat race direction seat races
[Aircraft] Jet
Angular contact engine
thrust bearing
Thrust bearing ball bearing Single Double
direction direction

Cylindrical roller
Thrust thrust bearing Others
roller bearing
Needle roller Ball bearing Plummer
thrust bearing unit block

Tapered roller
thrust bearing
Single Double Stud type Yoke type Linear ball
direction direction track roller track roller bearing
Spherical thrust (cam follower) (roller follower) (linear motion
roller bearing bearing)

Fig. 1-2(1) Rolling bearings Fig. 1-2(2) Rolling bearings

A2 A3
1. Rolling bearing structures and types

Table 1-1 Deep groove ball bearings Table 1-2 Angular contact ball bearings
Single-row Double-row Single-row Matched pair Double-row
Open type Shielded Non-contact Contact sealed Extremely With locating Flanged For high- Back-to-back Face-to-face Tandem
type sealed type type light contact snap ring type speed use arrangement arrangement arrangement
sealed type

Suitable for With With


extra-small pressed cage machined cage HAR DB DF DT (With filling slot)
or miniature
ZZ 2RU 2RS 2RK 2RD NR bearing 7000, 7200, 7300, 7400 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ Contact angle 30° 3200 5200
680, 690, 600, 620, 630, (ML) ⋅⋅⋅Extra-small, miniature bearing 4200 7000B, 7200B, 7300B, 7400B ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ 40° 3300 5300
6700, 6800, 6900, 16000, 6000, 6200, 6300, 6400 4300 7900C, 7000C, 7200C, 7300C
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ 15° Contact Contact
■ The most popular types among rolling bearings, ■ Bearings with a flange or locating snap ring attached HAR900C, HAR000C angle 32° angle 24°
widely used in a variety of industries. on the outer ring are easily mounted in housings for
■ Bearing rings and balls possess their own contact angle which is normally ■ Axial load in both direc-
■ Radial load and axial load in both directions can simple positioning of housing location.
15°, 30° or 40°. tions and radial load
be accommodated. Larger contact angle ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ higher resistance against axial load can be accommodated
■ Suitable for operation at high speed, with low Smaller contact angle ⋅⋅⋅ more advantageous for high-speed rotation by adapting a structure
noise and low vibration. ■ Single-row bearings can accommodate radial load and axial load in one pairing two single-row
■ Sealed bearings employing steel shields or rubber direction. angular contact ball
seals are filled with the appropriate volume of bearings back to back.
■ DB and DF matched pair bearings and double-row bearings can accommodate
grease when manufactured. radial load and axial load in both directions. ■ For bearings with no
DT matched pair bearings are used for applications where axial load in one filling slot, the sealed
[Recommended cages] Pressed cage (ribbon type, snap type ⋅⋅⋅ single-row, S type ⋅⋅⋅ double-row),
direction is too large for one bearing to accept. type is available.
copper alloy or phenolic resin machined cage, synthetic resin molded cage
■ HAR type high speed bearings were designed to contain more balls than
[Main applications] Automobile : front and rear wheels, transmissions, electric devices
standard bearings by minimizing the ball diameter, to offer improved
Electric equipment : standard motors, electric appliances for domestic use
performance in machine tools.
Others : measuring instruments, internal combustion engines, construction
equipment, railway rolling stock, cargo transport equipment, agricultural ■ Angular contact ball bearings are used for high accuracy and high-speed ZZ 2RS
operation. (Shielded) (Sealed)
equipment, equipment for other industrial uses

Bearing [Recommended cages] Pressed cage (conical type ⋅⋅⋅ single-row : S type, snap type ⋅⋅⋅ double-row),
width copper alloy or phenolic resin machined cage, synthetic resin molded cage
Outer ring Bearing outside
chamfer Groove surface [Main applications] Single-row : machine tool spindles, high frequency motors, gas turbines, centrifugal separa-
Seal shoulder Filling slot tors, front wheels of small size automobiles, differential pinion shafts
Outer ring
raceway Double-row : hydraulic pumps, roots blowers, air-compressors, transmissions, fuel injection
Face pumps, printing equipment
Inner ring
raceway Pressed
Outside diameter

Machined Contact angles (Reference)


Pitch diameter
Bore diameter

cage
Inner ring cage (S type)
chamfer Contact angle Supplementary
Bearing bore Stepped
of ball set

Outer ring Counterbored code


surface Outer ring front face inner ring
back face outer ring 15° C
Inner ring Machined 20° CA
Inner ring back face
front face cage Ball and bearing ring 25° AC
Pressed cage Contact
(ribbon type) angle are not separable. 30° A (Omitted)
Bearing size (Reference) Unit : mm Load 35° E
center 40° B
Connotation Bore diameter Outside diameter Stand-out( δ 2 )
Locating snap ring "G type" bearings are process-
Miniature − Under 9
Pressed cage ed (with flush ground) such
Snap ring groove Extra-small Under 10 9 or more
(conical type) that the stand-out turns out to
Small size 10 or more 80 or less
be δ 1 = δ 2.
Medium size − 80 − 180 The matched pair DB, DF, and
Stand-out( δ 1 )
Large size − 180 − 800 DT, or stack are available.
Extra-large size − Over 800

A4 A5
1. Rolling bearing structures and types

Table 1-3 Four-point contact ball bearings Table 1-4 Self-aligning ball bearings Table 1-5 Cylindrical roller bearings
One-piece type Two-piece inner ring Two-piece outer ring Cylindrical bore Tapered bore Sealed Single-row Double-row Four-row

K 2RS NU NJ NUP N NF NH NN NNU Mainly use on


(Taper 1 : 12) rolling mill roll neck
6200BI (6200BO) 120, 130 11200, 11300⋅⋅⋅ 2200 2RS NU1000, NU200 (R), NU300 (R), NU400 Cylindrical bore Tapered bore
–––
6300BI (6300BO) 1200, 1300 extended inner ring type 2300 2RS NU2200 (R), NU2300 (R) NNU4900 NNU4900K (FC) , (4CR)
2200, 2300 NU3200, NU3300 NN3000 NN3000K
■ Radial load and axial load in both directions
can be accommodated. ■ Spherical outer ring raceway allows self- ■ Since the design allowing linear contact of cylindrical ■ NJ and NF types can accommodate axial load in
■ A four-point contact ball bearing can substitute alignment, accommodating shaft or housing rollers with the raceway provides strong resistance to one direction; and NH and NUP types can accom-
for a face-to-face or back-to-back arrangement deflection and misaligned mounting conditions. radial load, this type is suitable for use under heavy modate partial axial load in both directions.
of angular contact ball bearings. ■ Tapered bore design can be mounted readily radial load and impact load, as well as at high speed. ■ With separable inner and outer ring, this type
■ Suitable for use under pure axial load or com- using an adapter. ■ N and NU types are ideal for use on the free side: ensures easy mounting.
bined radial and axial load with heavy axial they are movable in the shaft direction in response to ■ Due to their high rigidity, NNU and NN types are
load. changes in bearing position relative to the shaft or widely used in machine tool spindles.
■ This type of bearing possesses a contact angle Pressed cage staggered type⋅⋅⋅12, 13, housing, which are caused by heat expansion of the
(α) determined in accordance with the axial 22...2RS, 23...2RS shaft or improper mounting.
load direction. This means that the bearing snap type ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ 22, 23 [Recommended cages] Pressed cage (Z type), copper alloy machined cage, pin type cage,
ring and balls contact each other at two points Power transmission shaft of wood working and synthetic resin molded cage
on the lines forming the contact angle. spinning machines, plummer blocks [Main applications] Large and medium size motors, traction motors, generators,
[Recommended cage] Copper alloy machined internal combustion engines, gas turbines, machine tool spindles,
cage speed reducers, cargo transport equipment, and other industrial equipment
[Main applications]
Motorcycle : Transmission, driveshaft pinion-side Lubrication groove
Automobile : Steering, transmission Lubrication hole
Rib Grinding
Bearing undercut
width
(B) Machined

outside diameter
Rib

bore diameter
Pressed cage cage
(staggered type)

Roller set

Roller set
Contact Center rib
angle Grinding
(α ) α Two-piece undercut Rib
inner ring Large end of Small end of Rib
Bore
diameter tapered bore tapered bore Machined
Load Two-piece Pressed cage
(u d) diameter diameter cage
center outer ring (Z type)
(u d1) (u d) Center rib

1 B)
(d1 = d + 12 Loose rib Spacer Guide ring

Pin type cage (suitable


Pressed cage Lockwasher Loose rib for large size bearings)
⎫ Thrust collar
(snap type) ⎪ Removal groove
Locknut

⎬ Adapter assembly

Adapter ⎪
sleeve ⎭

A6 A7
1. Rolling bearing structures and types

Table 1-6 Machined ring needle roller bearings Table 1-7 Tapered roller bearings
Single-row Double-row Single-row Double-row Four-row

Flanged type TDO type TDI type Mainly used on


With inner ring Without inner ring Sealed With inner ring Without inner ring rolling mill roll necks

NA4800 RNA4800 NA49002RS NA6900 RNA6900 Standard Inter mediate Steep 46200 45200 37200
contact angle contact angle contact angle 46200A 45300 47200
NA4900 RNA4900 − (d ³ 32) (Fw ³ 40)
32900JR 30200JR 30200CR 30300DJ 46300 (45T) 47300
NA6900 RNA6900 (HJ.2RS)
32000JR 32200JR 32200CR 30300DJR 46300A (47T)
(NKJ, NKJS) (NK, NKS, HJ) 33000JR 33200JR 30300CR 31300JR (46T) (4TR)
33100JR 30300JR 32300CR
■ In spite of their basic structure, which is the same as that of NU type cylindrical roller bearings, bearings with
32300JR
minimum ring sections offer space savings and greater resistance to radial load, by using needle rollers.
■ Bearings with no inner rings function using heat treated and ground shafts as their raceway surface. ■ Tapered rollers assembled in the bearings are ■ Bearings are classified into standard, intermediate
guided by the inner ring back face rib. and steep types, in accordance with their contact
[Recommended cage] Pressed cage ■ The raceway surfaces of inner ring and outer ring angle (α ).
[Main applications] Automobile engines, transmissions, pumps, power shovel wheel drums, hoists, and the rolling contact surface of rollers are The larger the contact angle is, the greater the
designed so that the respective apexes converge at bearing resistance to axial load.
overhead traveling cranes, compressors
a point on the bearing center line. ■ Since outer ring and inner ring assembly can be
(Reference) Many needle roller bearings other than those with ■ Single-row bearings can accommodate radial load separated from each other, mounting is easy.
machined ring are available. and axial load in one direction, and double-row bear- ■ Bearings designated by the suffix "J" and "JR" are
For details, refer to the pages for the needle roller ings can accommodate radial load and axial load in interchangeable internationally.
bearing specification tables and the dedicated both directions. ■ Items sized in inches are still widely used.
"Needle Roller Bearings" catalog (CAT No. B2020E),
published separately.
■ This type of bearing is suitable for use under heavy
Lubrication groove
load or impact load.
Outer ring Lubrication hole
[Recommended cages] Pressed cage, synthetic resin molded cage, pin type cage
Pressed cage [Main applications] Automobile : front and rear wheels, transmissions, differential pinion
Others : machine tool spindles, construction equipment, large size agricultural
equipment, railway rolling stock speed reduction gears, rolling mill roll necks
Inner ring
and speed reducers, etc
Needle roller and cage assemblies Bearing width

Outer ring
Outer ring Stand-out
Same as contact angle Inner ring width
Roller large
end face
Contact angle Roller small
(α ) end face Inner ring back
Inner
Drawn cup needle roller bearings Inner ring ring face rib
Rib Load front face rib width
center
Outer ring small
inside diameter
Outer ring angle
Pressed cage Front Back face
(window type) face
Front face
Lubrication Back face
Anti-rotation
groove Overall width
pin hole
Double outer ring of outer rings Outer ring spacer
Stud type track roller Yoke type track roller Lubrication
(cam follower) (roller follower) hole Pin type cage with lubrication
holes and lubrication
groove
Overall width Inner ring Double inner
of inner rings spacer Center Inner ring front face rib
ring
rib

A8 A9
1. Rolling bearing structures and types

Table 1-8 Spherical roller bearings Table 1-9 Thrust ball bearings
Cylindrical bore Tapered bore Single direction Double direction
Convex asymmetrical roller type Convex symmetrical roller type With flat With spherical With aligning With spherical With aligning
With flat back faces
back faces back face seat race back faces seat races

R, RR RZ RHA K or K30
23900R, 23000R (RZ, RHA), 23100R (RZ, RHA), 22200R (RZ, RHA), 21300R (RZ)
24000R (RZ, RHA), 24100R (RZ, RHA), 23200R (RZ, RHA), 22300R (RZ, RHA) 51100 − − − − −
51200 53200 53200U 52200 54200 54200U
■ Spherical roller bearings comprising barrel-shaped ■ The tapered bore type can be easily mounted/
51300 53300 53300U 52300 54300 54300U
convex rollers, double-row inner ring and outer ring dismounted by using an adapter or withdrawal
51400 53400 53400U 52400 54400 54400U
are classified into three types : R(RR), RZ and RHA, sleeve.
■ This type of bearing comprises washer-shaped rings ■ Single direction bearings accommodate axial
according to their internal structure. There are two types of tapered bores
with raceway groove and ball and cage assembly. load in one direction, and double direction bear-
■ With the bearing designed such that the circular arc (tapered ratio) :
■ Races to be mounted on shafts are called shaft races ings accommodate axial load in both directions.
center of the outer ring raceway matches with the · 1 : 30 supplementary ááá Suitable for (Both of these bearings cannot accommodate
(or inner rings); and, races to be mounted into hous-
bearing center, the bearing is self-aligning, insensitive code K30 series 240 and 241. radial loads.)
ings are housing races (or outer rings).
to errors of alignment of the shaft relative to the hous- · 1 : 12 supplementary ááá Suitable for series Central races of double direction bearings are ■ Since bearings with a spherical back face are
ing, and to shaft bending. code K other than 240 and 241. mounted on the shafts. self- aligning, it helps to compensate for mount-
■ This type can accommodate radial load and axial load ■ Lubrication holes, a lubrication groove and anti- ing errors.
in both directions, which makes it especially suitable rotation pin hole can be provided on the outer
for applications in which heavy load or impact load is [Recommended cages] Pressed cage, copper alloy or phenolic resin machined cage,
ring. Lubrication holes and a lubrication groove
applied. synthetic resin molded cage
can be provided on the inner ring, too.
[Main applications] Automobile king pins, machine tool spindles
[Recommended cages] Copper alloy machined cage, pressed cage
[Main applications] Paper manufacturing equipment, speed reducers, railway rolling stock axle journals,
rolling mill pinion stands, table rollers, crushers, shaker screens, printing equipment,
wood working equipment, speed reducers for various industrial uses, plummer blocks Aligning surface radius
Bore diameter (u d) Aligning surface
Convex asymmetrical roller Convex symmetrical Convex symmetrical Anti-rotation pin hole center height
roller roller
Outer Shaft race
ring
Guide ring Bearing
Rib Center height
Guide Rib Machined
rib Large end of Small end of cage Housing race
Inner ring tapered bore tapered bore Pressed cage
ring diameter (u d1) diameter (u d) Aligning housing race
Machined cage Outside diameter (u D)
Pressed Machined
separable cage cage
prong type (prong type)
R, RR type RZ type RHA type Lubrication Lubrication
groove hole
Raceway contact diameter Aligning
Lockwasher Locknut Aligning seat race
Shaft race back housing
Locknut Lock plate Shaft race
face chamfer race Central race
Outer ring back face
Adapter Adapter guided
Withdrawal machined
sleeve sleeve sleeve Race Aligning
cage height seat race
(Shaft diameter ² 180 mm) (Shaft diameter ³ 200 mm) (For shaker screen) Housing race Housing race back face
back face chamfer
[Remark] The race indicates the washer specified in JIS.

A 10 A 11
1. Rolling bearing structures and types

Table 1-10 Cylindrical roller thrust bearings Table 1-11 Needle roller thrust bearings Table 1-12 Tapered roller thrust bearings Table 1-13 Spherical thrust roller bearings
Single direction Separable Non-separable Single direction Double direction

(811, 812, NTHA) (AXK, FNT, NTA) (FNTKF) (T) (2THR) 29200
(THR) 29300
29400
■ This type of bearing comprises tapered rollers ■ This type of bearing, comprising barrel-shaped
■ This type of bearing comprises washer-shaped ■ The separable type, comprising needle roller
(with spherical large end), which are uniformly convex rollers arranged at an angle with the
rings (shaft and housing race) and cylindrical and cage thrust assembly and a race, can be
guided by ribs of the shaft and housing axis, is self-aligning due to spherical housing
roller and cage assembly. matched with a pressed thin race (AS) or
races. race raceway; therefore, shaft inclination can
Crowned cylindrical rollers produce uniform machined thick race (LS, WS.811, GS.811).
■ Both shaft and housing races and rollers have be compensated for to a certain degree.
pressure distribution on roller/raceway contact ■ The non-separable type comprises needle roller
surface. tapered surfaces whose apexes converge at a ■ Great axial load resistance is provided.
and cage thrust assembly and a precision
point on the bearing axis. This type can accommodate a small amount of
■ Axial load can be accommodated in one pressed race.
■ Single direction bearings can accommodate radial load as well as heavy axial load.
direction. ■ Axial load can be accommodated in one
axial load in one direction; and, double direc- ■ Normally, oil lubrication is employed.
■ Great axial load resistance and high axial rigid- direction.
tion bearings can accommodate axial load in
ity are provided. ■ Due to the very small installation space both directions.
required, this type contributes greatly to size
■ Double direction bearings are to be mounted
reduction of application equipment.
such that their central race is placed on the
■ In many cases, needle roller and cage thrust shaft shoulder. Since this type is treated with a
assembly function by using the mounting sur- clearance fit, the central race must be fixed
face of the application equipment, including with a sleeve, etc.
shafts and housings, as its raceway surface.
[Recommended cages] Copper alloy machined
[Recommended cages] Copper alloy machined cage Copper alloy machined cage
Pressed cage, synthetic resin molded cage
cage
[Main applications] Hydroelectric generators, vertical motors, propel-
[Main applications] Oil excavators, iron and steel Transmissions for automobiles, cultivators and Single direction : crane hooks, oil excavator ler shafts for ships, screw down speed reducers,
equipment machine tools swivels jib cranes, coal mills, pushing machines, molding
Double direction : rolling mill roll necks machines

Shaft race Shaft race Shaft race


Tapered roller
Race Convex Housing
Rib
Machined Housing Pressed roller race
cage race cage Needle roller Machined
Cylindrical roller cage Housing race Machined cage Cage guide sleeve
Race
Roller small end
Roller
Molded large
cage end
Housing race
[Remark] The race indicates the thrust washer or
washer specified in JIS.
Machined
cage Central
race
Housing race

A 12 A 13
2. Outline of bearing selection
Next, from the bearing specifications are For reference, general selection procedure
Currently, as bearing design has become bearings, specifications of the other compo-
determined the service life required when com- and operating conditions are described in Fig.
diversified, their application range is being nents to be installed along with the bearings,
pared to that of the equipment in which it is 2-1. There is no need to follow a specific order,
increasingly extended. In order to select the marketability, and cost performance, etc.
used, along with a calculation of the actual ser- since the goal is to select the right bearing to
most suitable bearings for an application, it is In selecting bearings, since the shaft diam-
vice life from operational loads. achieve optimum performance.
necessary to conduct a comprehensive study eter is usually determined beforehand, the pro-
Internal specifications including bearing accu-
on both bearings and the equipment in which spective bearing type is chosen based upon
racy, internal clearance, cage, and lubricant are
the bearings will be installed, including operat- installation space, intended arrangement, and
also selected, depending on the application.
ing conditions, the performance required of the according to the bore diameter required.

Bearing
Bearing type, arrangement Tolerance class Fit and internal clearance
dimension
Reference
(*Operating conditions to be considered)
page No. *Specifications for installation *Running accuracy (runout) *Load magnitude, types
*Installation space
*Recommended service life A 31 *Noise characteristics, friction torque *Operational temperature distribution
*Load magnitude, types and
direction of application *Dynamic equivalent load A 38 *Rotational speed *Materials, size and tolerances of shaft and housing
*Rotational speed *Static equivalent load, safety coefficient A 42 *Fit A 86
A 16
*Running accuracy *Rotational speed *Bearing tolerances A 58 *Difference in temperature of inner and outer rings
*Rigidity *Rotational speed
*Misalignment *Preload A 112
*Mounting ease *Bearing boundary dimensions A 52
*Bearing arrangement A 20 *Basic dynamic load rating A 24
*Noise characteristics, friction torque *Basic static load rating A 42 *Bearing tolerances A 58
*Marketability, cost performance *Allowable axial load A 44 *Bearing internal clearance A 99
(for cylindrical roller bearing with rib)
(*Other data)
*Comparison of performance of bearing types A 18
*Example of bearing arrangement A 21

Countermeasure for special Lubrication, lubricant, Mounting and dismounting, Final


Cage type, material environmental condition sealing device mounting dimension determination
of bearing and
*Conditions of application site *Mounting and dismounting A 141
*Rotational speed *Operating temperature associated
abnormal temperature, sea water, vacuum,
*Noise characteristics *Rotational speed aspect
chemical solution, dust, gas, magnetism
*Lubrication A 117 *Mounting dimensions A 134
*Lubrication A 124
*Lubricant
*Sealing device A 137
*Special bearing materials A 130
*Special heat treatment A 26
*Limiting speed A 84
(dimension stabilizing treatment)
*Grease service life A 119
*Special surface treatment
*Lubricant A 124
(Reference) & ceramic bearing series C 57

Fig. 2-1(1) Bearing selection procedure Fig. 2-1(2) Bearing selection procedure
A 14 A 15
3. Selection of bearing type
In selecting bearings, the most important The main factors to be considered are listed
thing is to fully understand the operating in Table 3-1, while bearing types are listed in
conditions of the bearings. Table 3-2.

Table 3-1 (1) Selection of bearing type Table 3-1 (2) Selection of bearing type
Reference Reference
Items to be considered Selection method Items to be considered Selection method
page No. page No.

1) Installation Bearing can be installed in *When a shaft is designed, its rigidity and A 52 6) Misalign- Operating conditions which *Internal load caused by excessive misalign- A 18
space target equipment strength are considered essential; therefore, the ment cause misalignment (shaft ment damages bearings. Bearings designed to (Table 3-2)
shaft diameter, i.e., bore diameter, is deter- (aligning deflection caused by load, inac- absorb such misalignment should be selected.
mined at start. capability) curacy of shaft and housing,
For rolling bearings, since wide variety with dif- mounting errors) can affect *The higher the self-aligning capability that
ferent dimensions are available, the most suit- bearing performance bearings possess, the larger the angular mis-
able bearing type should be selected. alignment that can be absorbed. The following
Allowable misalignment (in is the general order of bearings when compar-
(Fig. 3-1) angle) for each bearing type ing allowable angular misalignment :
is described in the section
before the bearing specifica- cylindrical roller bearings < tapered roller-
2) Load Load magnitude, type and *Since various types of load are applied to bear- A 18 bearings < deep groove ball bearings, angu-
direction which applied ings, load magnitude, types (radial or axial) and (Table 3-2) tion table, to facilitate deter-
direction of application (both directions or single mination of the self-aligning lar contact ball bearings < spherical roller-
direction in the case of axial load), as well as capability of bearings. bearings, self-aligning ball bearings
Load resistance of bearing A 87
is specified in terms of the vibration and impact must be considered in
basic load rating, and its order to select the proper bearing. 7) Mounting Methods and frequency of *Cylindrical roller bearings, needle roller bear- A 18
value is specified in the and mounting and dismounting ings and tapered roller bearings, with separable (Table 3-2)
bearing specification table. *The following is the general order for radial
resistance ; dismounting required for periodic inspection inner and outer rings, are recommended for
deep groove ball bearings < angular contact applications in which mounting and dismounting
ball bearings < cylindrical roller bearings < is conducted frequently.
tapered roller bearings < spherical roller *Use of sleeve eases the mounting of self-align-
bearings ing ball bearings and spherical roller bearings
with tapered bore.
3) Rotational Response to rotational speed of *Since the allowable speed differs greatly A 18
speed equipment in which bearings will depend-ing not only upon bearing type but on (Table 3-2)
be installed bearing size, cage, accuracy, load and lubrica-
tion, all factors must be considered in selecting A 84
The limiting speed for bear- bearings.
ing is expressed as allow-
able speed, and this value is *In general, the following bearings are the most
widely used for high speed operation. Width series 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
specified in the bearing
specification table. deep groove ball bearings, angular contact 4
ball bearings, cylindrical roller bearings Diameter 3
series 12
4) Running Accurate rotation delivering *Performance required differs depending on A 18 90
accuracy required performance equipment in which bearings are installed : for (Table 3-2) 78
instance, machine tool spindles require high
Dimension accuracy and running accuracy, gas turbines require high A 58 Dimension 08090001020304 17 18 19 10 282920212223 3839 30 3132 33 48 49 40 41 59 69
running accuracy of speed rotation, and control equipment requires series
bearings are provided by low friction. In such cases, bearings of tolerance
JIS, etc. class 5 or higher are required. Deep groove ball bearing
*The following are the most widely used bear- Angular contact ball bearing
ings.
deep groove ball bearings, angular contact Self-aligning ball bearing
ball bearings, cylindrical roller bearings Cylindrical roller bearing
Needle roller bearing
5) Rigidity Rigidity that delivers the bear- *In machine tool spindles and automobile final A 18
ing performance required drives, bearing rigidity as well as rigidity of (Table 3-2) Tapered roller bearing
When load is applied to a equipment itself must be enhanced. Spherical roller bearing
bearing, elastic deformation *Elastic deformation occurs less in roller bear-
occurs at the point where its ings than in ball bearings.
rolling elements contact the
raceway surface. *Rigidity can be enhanced by providing preload. A 112 Fig. 3-1 Radial bearing dimension series
The higher the rigidity that This method is suitable for use with angular con-
bearings possess, the better tact ball bearings and tapered roller bearings.
they control elastic deforma-
tion.

A 16 A 17
3. Selection of bearing type

Table 3-2 Performance comparison of bearing type


Deep Angular contact ball bearing Four-point Self- Cylindrical roller bearing Needle roller Tapered roller bearing Spherical Thrust ball bearing Double Cylindrical Needle Tapered Spherical
groove ball Single- Matched Double- contact ball aligning ball NU á N NJ á NF NUP á NH NN á NNU bearing Single- Double-row, roller With With direction roller thrust roller roller thrust Reference
bearing row pair or row bearing bearing (machined bearing flat aligning angular con- thrust thrust
ring type) row four-row
back seat tact thrust bearing roller page No.
stack ball bearing bearing bearing bearing
faces race

Radial load
Load resistance

Axial load
* * * *

Combined load
radial and axial

Vibration or
impact load

High speed A16


adaptability A84

High A16, 58
accuracy A117
Low noise
level/low A16
torque

Rigidity A16

A17
Description
Misalignment before
specification
table
Inner and
outer ring * *
separability
Arrangement

Fixed side A20


*

Free side A20

A pair of *DT arrange- *Filling slot *Non- A pair of *Double direction *Non-sep-
bearings ment is type is separable bearings bearings are arable type
Remarks mounted effective for effective for type is also mounted
facing one direction one direction available. facing effective for is also
each other. only. only. each other. both directions. available.

Reference A4 A5 A6 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A12 A13 A13


page No. B4 B54 B124 B138 B362 B184 B290 B336 B448 B444 B354
Excellent # Good Fair × Unacceptable Both directions One direction only Acceptable Acceptable, but shaft shrinkage must be compensated for.

A 18 A 19
4. Selection of bearing arrangement
As bearing operational conditions vary In many cases, in order to locate shaft Table 4-2 (1) Example bearing arrangements
depending on devices in which bearings are positions in the axial direction, one bearing is
Bearing arrangement Application
mounted, different performances are de- mounted on the fixed side first, then the other Example Recommended application
manded of bearings. Normally, two or more bearing is mounted on the free side. Fixed side Free side example
bearings are used on one shaft. )Suitable for high-speed operation; used for Medium size
various types of applications. motors,
Table 4-1 Bearings on fixed and free sides Ex. 1 )Not recommended for applications that have air blowers
center displacement between bearings or shaft
Example
Features Recommended bearing type No. deflection.
*This bearing determines shaft axial position. Deep groove ball bearing
Matched pair or stack )More suitable than Ex. 1 for operation under heavy Traction
Fixed side *This bearing can accommodate both radial and axial motors for rail-
angular contact ball bearing load or impact load. Suitable also for high-speed
bearing loads. way rolling
Double-row angular contact operation. stock
*Since axial load in both directions is imposed on this ball bearing Ex. 2 )Due to separability, suitable for applications requiring
bearing, strength must be considered in selecting Self-aligning ball bearing interference of both inner and outer rings.
the bearing for this side. Cylindrical roller bearing with rib )Not recommended for applications that have center
(NUP and NH types) displacement between bearings or shaft deflection.
Double-row tapered roller bearing
Spherical roller bearing )Recommended for applications under heavier or Steel manufac-
greater impact load than those in Ex. 2. turing table
)This arrangement requires high rigidity from fixed rollers,
*This bearing is employed to compensate for expan- *Separable types
sion or shrinkage caused by operating temperature Cylindrical roller bearing Ex. 3 side bearings mounted back to back, with preload lathe spindles
Free side
change and to allow ajustment of bearing position. (NU and N types) Examples provided.
bearing
Needle roller bearing 1−11 )Shaft and housing of accurate dimensions should
*Bearings which accommodate radial load only and be selected and mounted properly.
(NA type, etc.)
whose inner and outer rings are separable are
*Non-separable types
recommended as free side bearings.
Deep groove ball bearing )This is recommended for operation at high speed Motors
*In general, if non-separable bearings are used on Matched pair angular contact or axial load lighter than in Ex. 3.
free side, clearance fit is provided between outer ball bearing )This is recommended for applications requiring
ring and housing to compensate for shaft movement (Back-to-back arrangement) Ex. 4 interference of both inner and outer rings.
through bearings. Double-row angular contact )Some applications use double-row angular con-
In some cases, clearance fit between shaft and ball bearing
tact ball bearings on fixed side instead of matched
inner ring is utilized. Self-aligning ball bearing
pair angular contact ball bearings.
Double-row tapered roller bearing
(TDO type)
Spherical roller bearing )This is recommended for operations under rela- Paper manufac-
tively small axial load. turing calender
)This is recommended for applications requiring rollers,
Ex. 5
*When bearing intervals are short and shaft shrink- Deep groove ball bearing interference of both inner and outer rings. diesel
When fixed age does not greatly affect bearing operation, a pair Angular contact ball bearing locomotive axle
and free of angular contact ball bearings or tapered roller Self-aligning ball bearing journals
sides are bearings is used in paired mounting to Cylindrical roller bearing
Examples )This is recommended for operations at high speed Diesel
not distin- accommodate axial load. (NJ and NF types)
12−16 and heavy radial load, as well as normal axial locomotive
guished Tapered roller bearing transmissions
*After mounting, the axial clearance is adjusted using load.
Spherical roller bearing
nuts or shims. Ex. 6 )When deep groove ball bearings are used, clear-
ance must be provided between outside diameter
*Bearings which can accommodate both radial and *Fixed side and housing, to prevent application of radial load.
Bearings axial loads should be used on fixed side. Matched pair angular contact
for verti- Heavy axial load can be accommodated using thrust ball bearing
cal shafts )This arrangement is most widely employed. Pumps,
bearings together with radial bearings. (Back-to-back arrangement) Examples
Double-row tapered roller bearing 17 and 18 )This arrangement can accommodate partial axial automobile
*Bearings which can accommodate radial load only Ex. 7 load as well as radial load.
(TDO type) transmissions
are used on free side, compensating for shaft
Thrust bearing + radial bearing
movement.

A 20 A 21
4. Selection of bearing arrangement

Table 4-2 (2) Example bearing arrangements Table 4-2 (3) Example bearing arrangements
Bearing arrangement Application Arrangement in which fixed and Application
Example Recommended application Example Recommended application
Fixed side Free side example free sides are not distinguished example
)This is recommended for operations with relatively Worm gear )This is recommended for operation under impact Speed reducers,
heavy axial load in both directions. speed reducers load or axial load heavier than in Ex. 13. automobile
Ex. 8 )Some applications use matched pair angular con- )This is suitable for applications in which rigidity is wheels
tact ball bearings on fixed side instead of double- enhanced by preloading.
row angular contact ball bearings. )Back-to-back arrangement is suitable for applications in
Back-to-back which moment load affects operation.
Ex. 14
Steel manufac- )When interference is required between inner ring
)This is the optimum arrangement for applications
turing table and shaft, face-to-face arrangement simplifies
with possible mounting errors or shaft deflection.
roller speed mounting. This arrangement is effective for appli-
Ex. 9 )Bearings in this arrangement can accommodate reducers, cations in which mounting error is possible.
partial axial load, as well as heavy radial load. overhead crane )When preloading is required, care should be taken
wheels
Face-to-face in preload adjustment.

)This is optimum arrangement for applications with General )This is recommended for applications requiring high Machine tool
possible mounting errors or shaft deflection. industrial
equipment speed and high accuracy of rotation under light load. spindles
)Ease of mounting and dismounting, ensured by counter shafts )This is suitable for applications in which rigidity is
use of adaptor, makes this arrangement suitable Ex. 15
Ex. 10 enhanced by preloading.
for long shafts which are neither stepped nor )Tandem arrangement and face-to-face arrangement are
threaded. possible, as is back-to-back arrangement.
)This arrangement is not recommended for applica-
tions requiring axial load capability. )This arrangement provides resistance against Construction
heavy radial and impact loads. equipment
)This is the optimum arrangement for applications Steel )This is applicable when both inner and outer rings final drive
with possible mounting errors or shaft deflection. manufactur- Ex. 16
ing table roll- require interference.
)This is recommended for operations under impact ers )Care should be taken not to reduce axial internal
Ex. 11 load or radial load heavier than that in Ex. 10. clearance a critical amount during operation.
)This arrangement can accommodate partial axial
load as well as radial load. Application
Application to vertical shafts Recommended application
example

Arrangement in which fixed and Application )This arrangement, using matched pair angular Vertical motors,
free sides are not distinguished Recommended application example contact ball bearings on the fixed side and cylin- vertical pumps
Fixed drical roller bearings on the free side, is suitable
)This arrangement is most popular when applied to Small motors,
side for high speed operation.
small equipment operating under light load. small speed
Ex. 12 )When used with light preloading, thickness- reducers, Ex. 17
adjusted shim or spring is mounted on one side of small pumps
outer ring.
Free
side
)This is suitable for applications in which rigidity is Machine tool
enhanced by preloading. spindles
This is frequently employed in applications )This is recommended for operation at low speed Crane center
requiring high speed operation under relatively Free and heavy load, in which axial load is heavier than shafts,
large axial load. side radial load. vertical pumps
Back-to-back )Back-to-back arrangement is suitable for )Due to self-aligning capability, this is suitable for
Ex. 13
applications in which moment load affects applications in which shaft runout or deflection
Ex. 18
operation. occurs.
)When preloading is required, care should be taken
in preload adjustment. Fixed
side
Face-to-face

A 22 A 23
5. Selection of bearing dimensions
5-1 Bearing service life 5-2 Calculation of service life Total C p 60n 1/p
revolutions L10 = ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅(5-1) C = P L10h × ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-4)
P 106
When bearings rotate under load, material 5-2-1 Basic dynamic load rating C
flakes from the surfaces of inner and outer rings C p 106
The basic dynamic load rating is either pure (Time) L10h = ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅(5-2)
or rolling elements by fatigue arising from 60n P
radial (for radial bearings) or central axial load [Reference]
repeated contact stress (ref. A 152). Running
(for thrust bearings) of constant magnitude in a distance L10s = πDL10 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅(5-3) The equations using a service life coefficient
This phenomenon is called flaking. constant direction, under which the basic rating ( fh ) and rotational speed coefficient ( fn )
The total number of bearing rotations until life of 1 million revolutions can be obtained, respectively, based on equation (5-2), are as
flaking occurs is regarded as the bearing where :
when the inner ring rotates while the outer ring follows :
"(fatigue) service life". L10 : basic rating life 106 revolutions
is stationary, or vice versa. The basic dynamic
"(Fatigue) service life" differs greatly depend- L10h : basic rating life h
load rating, which represents the capacity of a
ing upon bearing structures, dimensions, mate- L10s : basic rating life km L10h = 500 f hp ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-5)
bearing under rolling fatigue, is specified as the
rials, and processing methods. P : dynamic equivalent load N
basic dynamic radial load rating (Cr) for radial
Since this phenomenon results from fatigue ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅(refer to p. A 38.)
bearings, and basic dynamic axial load rating Coefficient of service life :
distribution in bearing materials themselves, C : basic dynamic load rating N
(Ca) for thrust bearings. These load ratings are C
differences in bearing service life should be listed in the specification table. n : rotational speed min−1 fh = fn ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-6)
P
statistically considered. These values are prescribed by ISO 281/ p : for ball bearings⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ p = 3
1990, and are subject to change by conform- for roller bearings⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ p = 10/3
Coefficient of rotational speed :
When a group of identical bearings are ance to the latest ISO standards. D : wheel or tire diameter mm
rotated under the same conditions, the total 106 1/p
fn =
number of revolutions until 90 % of the bearings 5-2-2 Basic rating life L10 Accordingly, where the dynamic equivalent 500 × 60n
are left without flaking (i.e. a service life of 90 % load is P, and rotational speed is n, equation (5- −1/p
The basic rating life L10 is a service life of 4) can be used to calculate the basic dynamic = (0.03n) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-7)
reliability) is defined as the basic rating life. In
operation at a constant speed, the basic rating 90 % reliability when used under normal usage load rating C; the bearing size most suitable for For reference, the values of fn, fh, and L10h
life can be expressed in terms of time. conditions for bearings of high manufacturing a specified purpose can then be selected, can be easily obtained by employing the
quality where the inside of the bearing is of a referring to the bearing specification table. nomograph attached to this catalog, as an
In actual operation, a bearing fails not only standard design made from bearing steel abbreviated method.
because of fatigue, but other factors as well, materials specified in JIS or equivalent materi- The recommended bearing service life differs
such as wear, seizure, creeping, fretting, brinel- als. depending on the machines with which the
ling, cracking etc (ref. A 152, 16. Examples of The relationship between the basic dynamic bearing is used, as shown in Table 5-5, p. A 31.
bearing failures). load rating, dynamic equivalent load, and basic
These bearing failures can be minimized by rating life of a bearing can be expressed using
selecting the proper mounting method and equation (5-1). This life calculation equation
does not apply to bearings that are affected by [Ball bearing]
lubricant, as well as the bearing most suitable
for the application. factors such as plastic deformation of the fn 1.5 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15
contact surfaces of raceways and rolling Rotational
speed
elements due to extremely high load conditions n 10 20 30 40 50 70 100 200 300 500 1 000 2 000 3 000 5 000 10 000

(when P exceeds either the basic static load


rating C0 (refer to p. A 42) or 0.5C) or, con- fh 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 6.0
Basic rat-
versely, to bearings that are affected by factors ing life
such as the contact surfaces of raceways and L10h 100 200 300 400 500 700 1 000 2 000 3 000 5 000 10 000 20 000 30 000 50 000 100 000

rolling elements slipping due to extremely low


load conditions. [Roller bearing]
If conditions like these may be encountered,
fn
consult with JTEKT. Rotational
1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.55 0.5 0.45 0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.19 0.18

speed n 10 20 40 50 70 100 200 300 500 1 000 2 000 3 000 5 000 10 000
It is convenient to express the basic rating life
in terms of time, using equation (5-2), when a fh 0.62 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 4.9
bearing is used for operation at a constant Basic rat-
speed; and, in terms of traveling distance (km), ing life
L10h 100 200 300 400 500 700 1 000 2 000 3 000 5 000 10 000 20 000 30 000 50 000 100 000
using equation (5-3), when a bearing is used in
railway rolling stock or automobiles.
[Reference] Rotational speed (n) and its coefficients ( fn), and
service life coefficient ( fh) and basic rating life (L10h)

A 24 A 25
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-2-3 Correction of basic dynamic load 5-2-4 Modified rating life Lnm (2) Life modification factor aISO
Lnm = a1 aISO L10 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-8)
rating for high temperature use and a) System approach
dimension stabilizing treatment The life of rolling bearings was standardized
as a basic rating life in the 1960s, but in actual In this equation, The various influences on bearing life are
In high temperature operation, bearing applications, sometimes the actual life and the Lnm : Modified rating life 106 rotations dependent on each other. The system
material hardness deteriorates, as material basic rating life have been quite different due to This rating life has been modified approach of calculating the modified life has
compositions are altered. As a result, the basic the lubrication status and the influence of the for one of or a combination of the been evaluated as a practical method for
dynamic load rating is diminished. Once altered, usage environment. To make the calculated life following: reliability of 90 % or determining life modification factor aISO (ref.
material composition is not recovered, even if closer to the actual life, a corrected rating life higher, fatigue load limit, special Fig. 5-1). Life modification factor aISO is calcu-
operating temperatures return to normal. has been considered since the 1980s. In this bearing characteristics, lubrication lated with the following equation. A diagram is
Therefore, for bearings used in high tempera- corrected rating life, bearing characteristic contamination, and special operat- available for each bearing type (radial ball
ture operation, the basic dynamic load rating factor a2 (a correction factor for the case in bearings, radial roller bearings, thrust ball
ing conditions.
should be corrected by multiplying the basic which the characteristics related to the life are bearings, and thrust roller bearings). (Each
dynamic load rating values specified in the L10 : Basic rating life 106 rotations
changed due to the bearing materials, manu- diagram (Figs. 5-2 to 5-5) is a citation from JIS
bearing specification table by the temperature (reliability: 90 %)
facturing process, and design) and usage B 1518:2013.)
coefficient values in Table 5-1. a1 : Life modification factor for reliability
condition factor a3 (a correction factor that Note that in practical use, this is set so that
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ refer to section (1)
takes into account usage conditions that have a life modification factor aISO ² 50.
Table 5-1 Temperature coefficient values aISO : Life modification factor
direct influence on the bearing life, such as the
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ refer to section (2)
Bearing lubrication) or factor a23 formed from the ec Cu
temperature, °C 125 150 175 200 250 interdependence of these two factors, are aISO = f , κ ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-9)
[Remark] P
Temperature
1 1 0.95 0.90 0.75 considered with the basic rating life. These
coefficient factors were handled differently by each When bearing dimensions are to be selected
bearing manufacturer, but they have been given Lnm greater than 90 % in reliability, the strength
standardized as a modified rating life in ISO of shaft and housing must be considered. Bearing Application
Since normal heat treatment is not effective in
maintaining the original bearing size in exten- 281 in 2007. In 2013, JIS B 1518 (dynamic Type rotational speed, load,
load ratings and rating life) was amended to (1) Life modification factor for reliability a1
ded operation at 120 °C or higher, dimension sealing performance
stabilizing treatment is necessary. Dimension conform to the ISO. The term “reliability” is defined as “for a group Bearing number usage temperature,
stabilizing treatment codes and their effective The basic rating life (L10) shown in equation of apparently identical rolling bearings, operating (bearing dimensions) kinematic viscosity of
temperature ranges are described in Table 5-2. (5-1) is the (fatigue) life with a dependability of under the same conditions, the percentage of lubricating oil
Since dimension stabilizing treatment 90 % under normal usage conditions for rolling the group that is expected to attain or exceed a
diminishes material hardness, the basic bearings that have standard factors such as specified life” in ISO 281:2007. Values of a1 C, C0 lubricating method,
internal design, materials, and manufacturing used to calculate a modified rating life with a contamination particles
dynamic load rating may be reduced for some
types of bearings. quality. JIS B 1518:2013 specifies a calculation reliability of 90 % or higher (a failure probability
method based on ISO 281:2007. To calculate of 10 % or less) are shown in Table 5-3.
Fatigue load Viscosity Contamination
Table 5-2 Dimension stabilizing treatment accurate bearing life under a variety of operat-
limit Cu ratio κ factor ec
ing conditions, it is necessary to consider
Dimension stabilizing Effective temperature Table 5-3 Life modification factor
elements such as the effect of changes in for reliability a1
treatment code range
factors that can be anticipated when using
S0 Over 100°C, up to 150°C Reliability, % Lnm a1
different reliabilities and system approaches,
S1 150°C 200°C and interactions between factors. Therefore, 90 L 10m 1 Life modification factor aISO
S2 200°C 250°C the specified calculation method considers 95 L 5m 0.64
additional stress due to the lubrication status, L 4m
96 0.55 Fig. 5-1 System approach
lubricant contamination, and fatigue load limit
97 L 3m 0.47
Cu (refer to p. A 29) on the inside of the bear-
98 L 2m 0.37
ing. The life that uses this life modification
factor aISO, which considers the above factors, 99 L 1m 0.25
is called modified rating life Lnm and is calcu- 99.2 L 0.8m 0.22
lated with the following equation (5-8). 99.4 L 0.6m 0.19
99.6 L 0.4m 0.16
99.8 L 0.2m 0.12
99.9 L 0.1m 0.093
99.92 L 0.08m 0.087
99.94 L 0.06m 0.080
99.95 L 0.05m 0.077

(Citation from JIS B 1518:2013)


A 26 A 27
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

aISO aISO b) Fatigue load limit Cu c) Contamination factor ec


κ =4 2 1 0.8 0.6 0.5 κ = 4 2 1 0.8
50 50 For regulated steel materials or alloy steel If solid particles in the contaminated lubricant
that has equivalent quality, the fatigue life is are caught between the raceway and the rolling
20 20 unlimited so long as the load condition does not elements, indentations may form on one or
0.4 0.6
exceed a certain value and so long as the both of the raceway and the rolling elements.
10 10 lubrication conditions, lubrication cleanliness These indentations will lead to localized
class, and other operating conditions are increases in stress, which will decrease the life.
0.3
5 5
0.5 favorable. For general high-quality materials This decrease in life attributable to the contami-
and bearings with high manufacturing quality, nation of the lubricant can be calculated from
2 2 the fatigue stress limit is reached at a contact the contamination level as contamination factor
0.2
stress of approximately 1.5 GPa between the ec.
1 1 0.4 raceway and rolling elements. If one or both of Dpw shown in this table is the pitch diameter
the material quality and manufacturing quality of ball/roller set, which is expressed simply as
0.3
0.5 0.15 0.5 are low, the fatigue stress limit will also be low. Dpw = (D + d)/2. (D: Outside diameter, d: Bore
0.2 The term “fatigue load limit” Cu is defined as diameter)
0.2 0.2
“bearing load under which the fatigue stress For information such as details on special
0.15
limit is just reached in the most heavily loaded lubricating conditions or detailed investigations,
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 raceway contact” in ISO 281:2007. and is contact JTEKT.
affected by factors such as the bearing type,
size, and material.
0.005 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 ecCu/P 0.005 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 ecCu/P
For details on the fatigue load limits of
special bearings and other bearings not listed
Fig. 5-2 Life modification factor aISO Fig. 5-3 Life modification factor aISO in this catalog, contact JTEKT.
(Radial ball bearings) (Radial roller bearings)
Table 5-4 Values of contamination factor ec

aISO aISO ec
50
κ = 4 2 1 0.8 0.6
50
κ =4 2 Contamination level
Dpw < 100 mm Dpw ³ 100 mm
1
Extremely high cleanliness: The size of the particles is approximately equal
20 20 to the thickness of the lubricant oil film, this is found in laboratory-level 1 1
0.5 environments.
10 10 0.8
High cleanliness: The oil has been filtered by an extremely fine filter, this is
found with standard grease-packed bearings and sealed bearings. 0.8 to 0.6 0.9 to 0.8
5 5
Standard cleanliness: The oil has been filtered by a fine filter, this is found 0.6 to 0.5 0.8 to 0.6
0.4 0.6 with standard grease-packed bearings and shielded bearings.
2 2
Minimal contamination: The lubricant is slightly contaminated. 0.5 to 0.3 0.6 to 0.4
0.3
0.5
1 1 Normal contamination: This is found when no seal is used and a coarse filter
is used in an environment in which wear debris and particles from the 0.3 to 0.1 0.4 to 0.2
0.2 surrounding area penetrate into the lubricant.
0.5 0.5 0.4

0.15
0.3 High contamination: This is found when the surrounding environment is 0.1 to 0 0.1 to 0
0.2 0.2 0.2 considerably contaminated and the bearing sealing is insufficient.
0.15 Extremely high contamination 0 0
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
(Table 5-4 Citation from JIS B 1518:2013)
0.005 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 ecCu/P 0.005 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 ecCu/P
d) Viscosity ratio κ
ν
The lubricant forms an oil film on the roller κ = ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-10)
Fig. 5-4 Life modification factor aISO Fig. 5-5 Life modification factor aISO ν1
contact surface, which separates the raceway
(Thrust ball bearings) (Thrust roller bearings)
and the rolling elements. The status of the
lubricant oil film is expressed by viscosity ratio ν : Actual kinematic viscosity at the operat-
(Figs. 5-2 to 5-5 Citation from JIS B 1518:2013) κ, the actual kinematic viscosity at the operat- ing temperature; the viscosity of the
ing temperature ν divided by the reference lubricant at the operating temperature
kinematic viscosity ν1 as shown in the following (refer to Fig. 12-3, p. A129)
equation.
A κ greater than 4, equal to 4, or less than ν1 : Reference kinematic viscosity; deter-
0.1 is not applicable. mined according to the speed and pitch
For details on lubricants such as grease and diameter of ball/roller set Dpw of the
lubricants with extreme pressure additives, bearing (ref. Fig. 5-6)
contact JTEKT.
A 28 A 29
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

ν1, mm2/s 5-2-6 Applications and recommended


bearing service life
1 000
2
Since longer service life does not always
500 5 contribute to economical operation, the most
10 suitable service life for each application and
200
20 operating conditions should be determined.
50
For reference, Table 5-5 describes recom-
mended service life in accordance with the

in -1
100
100

m
application, as empirically determined.

n,
200
50
500
Table 5-5 Recommended bearing service life (reference)
20 10
00
15 Recommended
30
00 Operating condition Application service life (h)
00
10 20
10
000 00 Short or intermittent Household electric appliance, electric tools,
50
00 4 000 − 8 000
5 50 operation agricultural equipment, heavy cargo hoisting equipment
000 20
10 5 000
Not extended duration, but Household air conditioner motors,
3 8 000 − 12 000
10 20 50 100 200 500 1 000 2 000 Dpw, mm stable operation required construction equipment, conveyers, elevators

(Fig. 5-6 Citation from JIS B 1518:2013) Intermittent but extended Rolling mill roll necks, small motors, cranes 8 000 − 12 000
operation
Fig. 5-6 Reference kinematic viscosity ν1 Motors used in factories, general gears 12 000 − 20 000
Machine tools, shaker screens, crushers 20 000 − 30 000
Compressors, pumps, gears for essential use 40 000 − 60 000
5-2-5 Service life of bearing system [Example]
Daily operation more than Escalators 12 000 − 20 000
comprising two or more bearings When a shaft is supported by two roller 8 hr. or continuous
bearings whose service lives are 50 000 hours extended operation Centrifugal separators, air conditioners, air blowers,
20 000 − 30 000
Even for systems which comprise two or and 30 000 hours respectively, the rating life of woodworking equipment, passenger coach axle journals
more bearings, if one bearing is damaged, the the bearing system supporting this shaft is Large motors, mine hoists, locomotive axle journals,
entire system malfunctions. 40 000 − 60 000
calculated as follows, using equation (5-11) : railway rolling stock traction motors
Where all bearings used in an application are
regarded as one system, the service life of the 1 1 1 Paper manufacturing equipment 100 000 − 200 000
= +
bearing system can be calculated using the L9/8 50 0009/8 30 0009/8 24 hr. operation Water supply facilities, power stations,
100 000 − 200 000
following equation, L Å 20 000 h (no failure allowed) mine water discharge facilities

The equation suggests that the rating life of


1 1 1 1 these bearings as a system becomes shorter
= + + + ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-11)
Le L1 e L2 e L3 e than that of the bearing with the shorter life.
This fact is very important in estimating
where : bearing service life for applications using two or
L : rating life of system more bearings.
L1 , L2 , L3⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ : rating life of each bearing
e : constant
e = 10/9⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ball bearing
e = 9/8⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅roller bearing
The mean value is for a system
using both ball and roller bearings.

A 30 A 31
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-3 Calculation of loads


F = f w á Fc ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-12)
Loads affecting bearings includes force
exerted by the weight of the object the bearings where :
support, transmission force of devices such as F : measured load N
gears and belts, loads generated in equipment Fc : calculated load N
during operation etc. fw : load coefficient (ref. Table 5-6)
Seldom can these kinds of load be deter-
mined by simple calculation, because the load
is not always constant.
In many cases, the load fluctuates, and it is 5-3-2 Load generated through belt or
difficult to determine the frequency and magni- chain transmission
tude of the fluctuation.
Therefore, loads are normally obtained by In the case of belt transmission, the theoreti-
multiplying theoretical values with various cal value of the load affecting the pulley shafts
coefficients obtained empirically. can be determined by obtaining the effective
transmission force of the belt.
5-3-1 Load coefficient For actual operation, the load is obtained by
multiplying this effective transmission force by
Even if radial and axial loads are obtained the load coefficient ( fw) considering vibration
through general dynamic calculation, the actual and impact generated during operation, and the
load becomes greater than the calculated value belt coefficient ( fb) considering belt tension.
due to vibration and impact during operation. In the case of chain transmission, the load is
In many cases, the load is obtained by multi- determined using a coefficient equivalent to the
plying theoretical values by the load coefficient. belt coefficient.
This equation (5-13) is as follows ;

2M
Fb = á fw á fb
Dp
19.1×106 W
= á f w á f b ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅(5-13)
Table 5-6 Values of load coefficient fw Dpn

Application
Operating condition
example fw where :
Fb : estimated load affecting pulley shaft or
Motors
Operation with little sprocket shaft N
Machine tools
1.0 − 1.2 M : torque affecting pulley or sprocket
vibration or impact Measuring
instrument mN · m
Railway rolling
W : transmission force kW
stock Dp : pitch circle diameter of pulley or
Automobiles sprocket mm
Paper n : rotational speed min−1
Normal operation manufacturing
1.2 − 2.0 fw : load coefficient (ref. Table 5-6)
(slight impact) equipment
Air blowers
fb : belt coefficient (ref. Table 5-7)
Compressors
Agricultural
equipment Table 5-7 Values of belt coefficient fb
Rolling mills
Operation with Crushers Belt type fb
severe vibration or Construction 2.0 − 3.0
Timing belt (with teeth) 1.3 − 2.0
impact equipment
Shaker screens V-belt 2.0 − 2.5
Flat belt (with tension pulley) 2.5 − 3.0
Flat belt 4.0 − 5.0
Chain 1.2 − 1.5

A 32 A 33
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-3-3 Load generated under gear transmission (2) Calculation of load on gears
(1) Loads affecting gear and gear coefficient
In the case of gear transmission, loads trans- Tangential load (tangential force) Kt Radial load (separating force) Kr Axial load (axial force) Ka
mitted by gearing are theoretically classified into
three types: tangential load (Kt), radial load (Kr) Spur gears, helical gears, double-helical gears, Spur gears Kr = Kt tan α ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-15) 0
and axial load (Ka). straight bevel gears, spiral bevel gears tan α
Those loads can be calculated dynamically 2M 19.1×106 W Helical gears Kr = Kt ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-16) Ka = Kt tanβ ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-22)
Kt = = ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-14) cos β
(using equations , and , described in Dp Dpn tan α
Double-helical
section (2)). gears Kr = Kt cos β ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-17) 0
To determine the actual gear loads, these
∼ where : 1) Drive
theoretical loads must be multiplied by Straight Kr1 = Kt tan α cos δ 1 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-18) Ka1 = Kt tan α sin δ 1 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-23)
side
coefficients considering vibration and impact bevel
during operation ( fw) (ref. Table 5-6) and the Kt : gear tangential load N Driven
gears Kr2 = Kt tan α cos δ 2 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-19) Ka2 = Kt tan α sin δ 2 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-24)
gear coefficient ( fg) (ref. Table 5-8) considering side
Kr : gear radial load N
the finish treatment of gears. Kt Kt
Kr1 = tan α cos δ 1 ± sinβ sin δ 1 Ka1 = tan α sin δ 1 sin β cos δ 1
±
Ka : gear axial load N Drive cos β cos β
1), 2)
M : torque affecting gears mN · m Spiral side
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-20) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-25)
Table 5-8 Values of gear coefficient fg Dp : gear pitch circle diameter mm bevel
Kt Kt
Kr2 = tan α cos δ 2 sinβ sin δ 2 Ka2 = tan α sin δ 2 ± sin β cos δ 2
±
gears Driven cos β cos β
Gear type fg W : transmitting force kW
side ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-21) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-26)
n : rotational speed min−1
Precision gears (both pitch error and [Notes] 1) Codes with subscript 1 and 2 shown in equations are respectively applicable to drive side gears and
1.0 − 1.1 α : gear pressure angle deg
tooth shape error less than 0.02 mm) driven side gears.
β : gear helix (spiral) angle deg 2) Symbols (+) and (−) denote the following ;
Normal gears (both pitch error and
1.1 − 1.3 δ : bevel gear pitch angle deg Symbols in upper row : clockwise rotation accompanied by right-handed spiral
tooth shape error less than 0.1 mm)
or counterclockwise rotation with left-handed spiral
Symbols in lower row : counterclockwise rotation with right-handed spiral or
clockwise rotation with left-handed spiral
[Remark] Rotating directions are described as viewed at the back of the apex of the pitch angle.

Clockwise rotation

Counterclockwise
δ rotation

Driven side
β (left-handed helix) Kt1 Kt1
Driven side
Driven side counterclockwise rotation
(counterclockwise rotation) with right-handed spiral
Kt1
Kt1
Ka1
Ka1
Ka2 Ka2 Kr1 Ka2 Kr1
Kr2 Kr2
Kr2
Kr1 Kr2
Kr1 Drive side Drive side
(clockwise rotation)
clockwise rotation
Ka1 with left-handed
Driven side Kt2 spiral
Kt2 Kt2
Kt2 Drive side
Drive side
(left-handed helix)

Fig. 5-7 Load on spur gears Fig. 5-8 Load on helical gears Fig. 5-9 Load on straight bevel gears Fig. 5-10 Load on spiral bevel gears

A 34 A 35
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-3-4 Load distribution on bearings [Remark]


Description of signs in Examples 1 to 5
The load distribution affecting bearings can Bearings shown in Exs. 3 to 5 are affected by
be calculated as follows: first, radial force com- components of axial force when these bearings
FrA : radial load on bearing A N Dp : gear pitch circle diameter mm
ponents are calculated, then, the sum of vectors accommodate radial load, and axial load (Ka) which
of the components is obtained in accordance is transferred externally, i.e. from gears. FrB : radial load on bearing B N : denotes load direction (upward
with the load direction. For calculation of the axial load in this case, refer K : shaft load N perpendicular to paper surface)
Calculation examples of radial load distribu- to page A 38.
Kt, Kr, Ka : gear load N : denotes load direction (downward
tion are described in the following section.
(ref. A 34) perpendicular to paper surface)

Example 5 Simultaneous application of gear load and other load


Example 1 Fundamental calculation (1) Example 3 Gear load distribution (1)
Gear 1
Kt
Gear 1 Kt Bearing A F Bearing B
Bearing A Bearing B Pitch circle Bearing A Bearing B Pitch circle
Ka M
of gear 1 Ka of gear 1
F
Ka
K F rAH Kr F rBH
Kr θ1 Kt M
FrA FrB u Dp
Ka u Dp θ Kr
Kt F rAV Gear 2 F rBV
FrA FrB θ2
a b
Kr
c
Gear 2
a b e m
c
Pitch circle a b
b of gear 2 Pitch circle c
FrA = c K
2
of gear 2
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-27) b b Dp 2
FrA = c Kt + c Kr − 2 c K a
a
FrB = c K Gears 1 and 2 are engaged with each other at angle θ . External load
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-29) F, moment M, are applied to these gears at angles θ 1 and θ 2.
a 2
a Dp 2
FrB = c Kt + c Kr + 2 c K a *Perpendicular radial component force (upward and downward along diagram)
b Dp m M
FrAV = c (Kr cos θ + Kt sinθ ) − 2 c Kacosθ + c Fcosθ 1 − c cosθ 2
Example 2 Fundamental calculation (2) Example 4 Gear load distribution (2)
a Dp e M
FrBV = c (Kr cos θ + Kt sinθ ) + 2 c Kacos θ + c Fcosθ 1 + c cos θ 2
Bearing A Bearing B Gear 1 Kt
Pitch circle Bearing A Bearing B
of gear 1 Ka *Horizontal radial component force (upward and downward perpendicular to diagram)
K FrB b Dp m M
FrAH = c (Kr sin θ − Kt cosθ ) −
2c a θ
FrA Kr K sin + c Fsinθ 1 − c sinθ 2
FrB
Ka u Dp
Kt FrA
a c a Dp e M
FrBH = c (Kr sin θ − Kt cosθ ) +
2c a θ
K sin + c Fsinθ 1 + c sin θ 2
b Kr

a c
■ Combined radial force
Gear 2 b
Pitch circle FrA = FrAV 2 + FrAH 2
b When θ , F, and M are zero, the same
FrA = c K of gear 2 2 2
b b Dp ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-31)
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-28) FrA = c Kt + c Kr − 2c Ka result as in Ex. 3 is obtained
a FrB = FrBV 2 + FrBH 2
FrB = c K ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-30)
a 2
a Dp 2
FrB = c Kt + c Kr − 2c Ka

A 36 A 37
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-4 Dynamic equivalent load ■ For single-row angular contact ball bearings ■ For thrust ball bearings with contact angle
and tapered roller bearings, axial component α = 90°, to which an axial load is applied,
Bearings are used under various operating forces (Fac) are generated as shown in Pa = Fa.
conditions; however, in most cases, bearings Fig. 5-11, therefore a pair of bearings is
receive radial and axial load combined, while arranged face-to-face or back-to-back. α ■ The dynamic equivalent load of spherical
α thrust roller bearing can be calculated using
the load magnitude fluctuates during operation. The axial component force can be calcu- F ac F ac
Therefore, it is impossible to directly compare lated using the following equation. Load Load the following equation.
Fr center F r center
the actual load and basic dynamic load rating.
The two are compared by replacing the loads Fr
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-33) Pa = Fa + 1.2 Fr ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-34)
applied to the shaft center with one of a con- Fac =
2Y
stant magnitude and in a specific direction, that where : Fr/Fa ² 0.55
Load center position is listed in
yields the same bearing service life as under the bearing specification table.
actual load and rotational speed. Table 5-9 describes the calculation of the
This theoretical load is referred to as the dynamic equivalent load when radial loads Fig. 5-11 Axial component force
dynamic equivalent load (P). and external axial loads (Ka) are applied to
bearings.
5-4-1 Calculation of dynamic equivalent load
Table 5-9 Dynamic equivalent load calculation : when a pair of single-row angular contact
Dynamic equivalent loads for radial bearings ball bearings or tapered roller bearings is arranged face-to-face or back-to-back.
and thrust bearings (α ≠ 90°) which receive a
combined load of a constant magnitude in a Paired mounting
Loading condition Bearing Axial load Dynamic equivalent load
specific direction can be calculated using the Back-to-back arrangement Face-to-face arrangement
following equation,
A B B A
FrB
FrB PA = XFrA + YA + Ka
Bearing A 2YB
+ Ka
2YB
P = XFr + YFa ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-32) FrB FrA PA = FrA , where PA < FrA
+ Ka ³
Ka Ka 2YB 2YA
where : Bearing B − PB = FrB
F rB F rB
F rA F rA
P : dynamic equivalent load N
for radial bearings, A B B A
Pr : dynamic equivalent radial load Bearing A − P A = F rA
for thrust bearings, FrB FrA
Pa : dynamic equivalent axial load Ka Ka + Ka <
2YB 2YA FrA
Fr : radial load N FrA PB = XFrB + YB − Ka
F rB F rB Bearing B 2YA
Fa : axial load N F rA F rA − Ka
2YA
X : radial load factor PB = FrB, where PB < FrB
Y : axial load factor
A B B A
(values of X and Y are listed in the Bearing A − PA = FrA
bearing specification table.) FrB FrA
² + Ka
Ka Ka 2YB 2YA FrA
FrA PB = XFrB + YB + Ka
Bearing B + Ka 2YA
F rB F rB 2YA
■ When Fa /Fr ² e for single-row radial bear- F rA F rA
PB = FrB, where PB < FrB
ings, it is taken that X = 1 , and Y = 0.
Hence, the dynamic equivalent load rating is A B B A FrB
FrB PA = XFrA + YA − Ka
Pr = Fr. Bearing A − Ka 2YB
2YB
FrB FrA PA = FrA, where PA < FrA
Values of e, which designates the limit of > + Ka
Ka Ka 2YB 2YA
Fa /Fr, are listed in the bearing specifica-
tion table. F rB F rB Bearing B − PB = FrB
F rA F rA

[Remarks] 1. These equations can be used when internal clearance and preload during operation are zero.
2. Radial load is treated as positive in the calculation, if it is applied in a direction opposite that shown in Fig. in Table
5-9.

A 38 A 39
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-4-2 Mean dynamic equivalent load (4) Fluctuation forming sine curve
(1) Staged fluctuation (2) Stageless fluctuation (3) Fluctuation forming sine curve
When load magnitude or direction varies, it is (upper half of sine curve)
necessary to calculate the mean dynamic
equivalent load, which provides the same length
P P P P
of bearing service life as that under the actual P1 Pmax Pmax
load fluctuation. Pmax
The mean dynamic equivalent load (Pm) P2
Pm
Pm Pm Pm
under different load fluctuations is described
using Graphs (1) to (4).
As shown in Graph (5), the mean dynamic
equivalent load under stationary and rotating
load applied simultaneously, can be obtained Pn Pmin
using equation (5-39). 0 0 0 0
n1t1 n2t2 nntn Σ niti Σ niti Σ niti

p p p p
Pm = P1 n1t1 + P2 n2t2 + ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ + Pn nntn Pmin + 2 Pmax
n1t1 + n2t2 + ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ + nntn Pm = ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-36) Pm = 0.68 Pmax ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-37) Pm = 0.75 Pmax ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-38)
3
⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-35)

(5) Stationary load and rotating


load acting simultaneously
Symbols for Graphs (1) to (4)

Pm : mean dynamic equivalent load N


P1 : dynamic equivalent load applied for t1 hours at rotational speed n1 N P
P2 : dynamic equivalent load applied for t2 hours at rotational speed n2 N
1
:: :: ::

Pn : dynamic equivalent load applied for tn hours at rotational speed nn N


0.9
Pmin : minimum dynamic equivalent load N fm
Pmax : maximum dynamic equivalent load N Pu
0.8
Σ niti : total rotation in (t1 to ti) hours
p : for ball bearings, p = 3
0.7
for roller bearings, p = 10/3 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1
Pm = fm (P + Pu) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-39) P/(P+Pu)
[Reference] Mean rotational speed nm can be calculated using the following equation :
Fig. 5-12 Coefficient fm
n1t1 + n2t2 + ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ + nntn
nm =
t1 + t2 + ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ + tn
where :
Pm : mean dynamic equivalent load N
fm : coefficient (refer. Fig. 5-12)
P : stationary load N
Pu : rotating load N

A 40 A 41
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-5 Basic static load rating and 5-5-2 Static equivalent load 5-5-3 Safety coefficient
static equivalent load
The static equivalent load is a theoretical load The allowable static equivalent load for a
5-5-1 Basic static load rating calculated such that, during rotation at very low bearing is determined by the basic static load
speed or when bearings are stationary, the rating of the bearing; however, bearing service
Excessive static load or impact load even at same contact stress as that imposed under life, which is affected by permanent deforma-
very low rotation causes partial permanent actual loading condition is generated at the con- tion, differs in accordance with the performance
deformation of the rolling element and raceway tact center between raceway and rolling ele- required of the bearing and operating condi-
contacting surfaces. This permanent deforma- ment to which the maximum load is applied. tions.
tion increases with the load; if it exceeds a cer- For radial bearings, radial load passing Therefore, a safety coefficient is designated,
tain limit, smooth rotation will be hindered. through the bearing center is used for the calcu- based on empirical data, so as to ensure safety
The basic static load rating is the static load lation; for thrust bearings, axial load in a direc- in relation to basic static load rating.
which responds to the calculated contact stress tion along the bearing axis is used.
shown below, at the contact center between the C0
raceway and rolling elements which receive the The static equivalent load can be calculated fs = ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-44)
P0
maximum load. using the following equations.

*Self-aligning ball bearings ⋅⋅⋅ 4 600 MPa where :


[Radial bearings] fs : safety coefficient (ref. Table 5-10)
⋅⋅⋅The greater value obtained by the C0 : basic static load rating N
*Other ball bearings ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ 4 200 MPa
following two equations is used. P0 : static equivalent load N
*Roller bearings ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ 4 000 MPa P0r = X0 Fr + Y0 Fa ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-40)
P0r = Fr ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-41)
The total extent of contact stress-caused
Table 5-10 Values of safety coefficient fs
permanent deformation on surfaces of rolling [Thrust bearings]
elements and raceway will be approximately fs (min.)
0.000 1 times greater than the rolling element ( α ≠ 90°) Operating condition Ball Roller
diameter.
P0a = X0 Fr + Fa ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-42) bearing bearing
The basic static load rating for radial bearings [When Fa< X0 Fr ,
When high accuracy
is specified as the basic static radial load rating, the solution becomes less accurate.] 2 3
is required
and for thrust bearings, as the basic static axial ( α = 90°)
load rating. These load ratings are listed in the With bearing
Normal operation
P0a = Fa ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-43) 1 1.5
bearing specification table, using C0r and C0a rotation
respectively.
These values are prescribed by ISO 78/1987 where : When impact load is
1.5 3
P0r : static equivalent radial load N applied
and are subject to change by conformance to
the latest ISO standards. P0a : static equivalent axial load N
Fr : radial load N Without bear- Normal operation 0.5 1
Fa : axial load N ing rotation
X0 : static radial load factor occasional When impact load or
Y0 : static axial load factor oscillation uneven distribution 1 2
(values of X0 and Y0 are listed in load is applied
the bearing specification table.) [Remark] For spherical thrust roller bearings, fs ³4.

A 42 A 43
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-6 Allowable axial load for cylindrical roller bearings


Bearings whose inner and outer rings com- Table 5-11 Values of coefficient determined
prise either a rib or loose rib can accommodate from loading condition f a
a certain magnitude of axial load, as well as
radial load. In such cases, axial load capacity is Loading condition fa
controlled by the condition of rollers, load Continuous loading 1
capacity of rib or loose rib, lubrication, rotational Intermittent loading 2
speed etc.
Instantaneous loading 3
For certain special uses, a design is available
to accommodate very heavy axial loads. In gen-
Table 5-12 Values of coefficient determined
eral, axial loads allowable for cylindrical roller
from bearing diameter series f b
bearings can be calculated using the following
equation, which are based on empirical data. Diameter series fb
9 0.6
Fap = 9.8 f a á f b á f p á dm2 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (5-45) 0 0.7
2 0.8
3 1.0
where :
Fap : maximum allowable axial load N 4 1.2
fa : coefficient determined from
loading condition (Table 5-11)
fb : coefficient determined from
bearing diameter series (Table 5-12)
fp : coefficient for rib surface pressure
(Fig. 5-13)
dm : mean value of bore diameter d and
outside diameter D mm
d+D
2

0.16
Oil lubrication = Grease lubrication
(dmn<120 × 103)

0.1

fp Oil lubrication

Grease lubrication

0
100 120 200 300 400
Value dmn (×103)

Fig. 5-13 Relationship between coefficient for rib surface pressure fp and value dmn
(n : rotational speed, min−1)

A 44 A 45
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

5-7 Applied calculation examples

[Example 1] Bearing service life (time) [Example 2] Bearing service life (time) [Example 3] Calculation of the aISO factor with the conditions in Example 2
with 90 % reliability with 96 % reliability
(Conditions)
(Conditions) (Conditions) Oil lubrication
Deep groove ball bearing : 6308 Deep groove ball bearing : 6308 (Oil that has been filtered by a fine filter)
Radial load Fr = 3 500 N Radial load Fr = 3 500 N Fa Operating temperature 70 °C
Axial load not applied (Fa = 0) Axial load Fa = 1 000 N 96 % reliability
Rotational speed n = 800 min−1 Rotational speed n = 800 min−1
Fr Fr

Basic dynamic load rating (Cr) is obtained from From the bearing specification table ; Lubricating oil selection
the bearing specification table. *Basic load rating (Cr , C0r) f 0 factor is obtained. From the bearing specification table, the pitch diameter Dpw = (40 + 90)/2 = 65 is obtained.
Cr = 50.9 kN Cr = 50.9 kN dmn = 65 × 800 = 52 000. Therefore, select VG 68 from Table 12-8, p. A 129.
Dynamic equivalent radial load (Pr) is calculated C0r = 24.0 kN Calculating the aISO factor
using equation (5-32). f0 = 13.2 The operating temperature is 70 °C, so according to Fig. 12-3, p. A 129, the viscosity when operating is ν = 20 mm2/s
Pr = Fr = 3 500 N *Values X and Y are obtained by comparing value According to Fig. A, ν 1 = 21.7 mm2/s
Bearing sevice life (L10h) is calculated using e, calculated from value f 0 Fa / C0r via κ = ν /ν 1 = 20/21.7 = 0.92
equation (5-2). proportional interpolation, with value f0 Fa / Fr . The oil has been filtered by a fine filter, so Table 5-4 shows ec is 0.5 to 0.6.
f0 Fa 13.2 × 1 000 To stringently estimate the value, ec = 0.5.
106 C p = = 0.550
L10h = C0r 24.0 × 103
60n P ec á Cu 0.5 × 1 850
(0.550 − 0.345) = = 0.24
106 50.9 × 103 3 e = 0.22 + (0.26 − 0.22) × P 3 780
× Å 64 100 h (0.689 − 0.345)
= Therefore, according to Fig. B
60 × 800 3 500 = 0.24
aISO = 7.7
Fa 1 000
= = 0.29 > e Service life with 96 % reliability (Lnm) is obtained using equation (5-8).
Fr 3 500
The result is, According to Table 5-3, a1 = 0.55.

X = 0.56 L4m = a1aISOL10 = 0.55 × 7.7 × 50 900 Å 216 000 h


(0.550 − 0.345)
Y = 1.99 − (1.99 − 1.71) × ν1, mm2/s 0.92
(0.689 − 0.345)
aISO
= 1.82 1 000 50
κ =4 2 1 0.8 0.6 0.5
2
Dynamic equivalent load (Pr) is obtained using
500 5 20
equation (5-32). 0.4
10
Pr = XFr + YFa 20
10
200 7.7
= (0.56 × 3 500) + (1.82 × 1 000) = 3 780 N 5
0.3
50

in -1
Service life with 90 % reliability (L10h) is obtained 100
100

m
n,
using equation (5-2). 2
200
50 0.2
106 C p 1
L10h = 21.7 500
60n P
20 10 0.5 0.15
00
106 50.9 × 103 3 15
00
= × Å 50 900 h 30
60 × 800 3 780 10
00
0.2
10 20
000 00
50
00
5 50 0.1 0.1
000 20
10 5 000
3
10 20 50 100 200 500 1 000 2 000 Dpw, mm 0.005 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 2 5 ecCu/P
65 0.24
Fig. A Fig. B
The aISO factor can also be calculated on our website.
A 46 A 47
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

[Example 4] Bearing service life [Example 7] Calculation of allowable axial load


[Example 5] Bearing size selection [Example 6] Bearing size selection
(total revolution) for cylindrical roller bearings
(Conditions) Bearing A Bearing B (Conditions) (Conditions) (Conditions)
Tapered roller bearing Deep groove ball bearing : Deep groove ball bearing : Single-row cylindrical roller bearing : NUP 310
Bearing A : 30207 JR 62 series 63 series
Ka Fa Rotational speed n = 1 500 min−1
Bearing B : 30209 JR Required service life : Fa Required service life :
Oil lubrication
Radial load FrA = 5 200 N more than 10 000 h more than 15 000 h
Radial load Fr = 4 000 N Axial load is intermittently applied.
FrB = 6 800 N Radial load Fr = 2 000 N
Axial load Fa = 2 400 N
Axial load Ka = 1 600 N F rA F rB Axial load Fa = 300 N
Rotational speed n = 1 000 min−1 Fr
Rotational speed n = 1 600 min−1 Fr
The hypothetic dynamic equivalent load (Pr) is Using the bearing specification table, the value dm
From the bearing specification table, the following The dynamic equivalent load (Pr) is hypothetically
calculated : for the NUP 310 can be calculated as follows :
specifications are obtained. calculated. Since Fa / Fr = 2 400/4 000 = 0.6 is much larger d+D 50 + 110
Basic dynamic The resultant value, Fa / Fr = 300/2 000 = 0.15, than the value e specified in the bearing specification
dm = = = 80 mm
e X 1) Y 1)
2 2
load rating is smaller than any other values of e in the bearing
(Cr) table, it suggests that the axial load affects the
specification table. dynamic equivalent load. Each coefficient used in equation (5-45).
Bearing A 68.8 kN 0.37 0.4 1.60 Hence, assuming that X = 0.56, Y = 1.6 From values listed in Table 5-11, coefficient f a related
Hence, JTEKT can consider that Pr = Fr = 2 000 N.
Bearing B 83.9 kN 0.40 0.4 1.48 The required basic dynamic load rating (Cr) is (approximate mean value of Y), using equation (5-32), to intermittent load is : f a = 2
calculated according to equation (5-4). Pr = XFr + XFa = 0.56 × 4 000 + 1.6 × 2 400
[Note] 1) Those values are used, where Fa / Fr > e. = 6 080 N
60n 1/p
From values listed in Table 5-12, coefficient f b related
Where Fa / Fr ² e, X = 1, Y = 0. Cr = Pr L10h × Using equation (5-4), the required basic dynamic
106 to diameter series 3 is : f b = 1.0
Axial load applied to shafts must be calculated, load rating (Cr) is :
60 × 1 600 1/3
60n 1/p
considering the fact that component force in the = 2 000 × 10 000 × Cr = Pr L10h ×
106 106 According to Fig. 5-13, coefficient f p for allowable rib
axial direction is generated when radial load is = 19 730 N 60 × 1 000 1/3 surface pressure, related to
applied to tapered roller bearings. (ref. equation = 6 080 × 15 000 ×
Among those covered by the bearing specification 106 dmn = 80 × 1 500 = 12 × 104, is : f p = 0.062
5-33, Table 5-9)
table, the bearing of the 62 series with Cr exceeding = 58 700 N
FrA 5 200 19 730 N is 6205 R, with bore diameter for 25 mm. From the bearing specification table, a 6309 with a Using equation (5-45), the allowable axial load
+ Ka = + 1 600 = 3 225 N
2 YA 2 × 1.60 The dynamic equivalent load obtained at step is bore diameter of 45 mm is selected as a 63 series Fap is :
FrB 6 800 confirmed by obtaining value e for 6205 R.
bearing with Cr exceeding 58 700 N. Fap = 9.8 f a á f b á f p á dm2
= = 2 297 N
2 YB 2 × 1.48 The dynamic equivalent load and basic rating life
Where C0r of 6205 R is 9.3 kN, and f0 is 12.8 = 9.8 × 2 × 1.0 × 0.062 × 802
FrA are confirmed, by calculating the value e for a 6309.
Consequently, axial load + Ka is applied to f0 Fa/C0r = 12.8 × 300/9 300 = 0.413 Values obtained using the proportional interpola- Å 7 780 N
2 YA
bearing B. Then, value e can be calculated using proportional tion are :
Dynamic equivalent load (Pr) is obtained from interpolation. where f0 Fa / C0r = 13.3 × 2 400/29 500 = 1.082
Table 5-9. (0.413 − 0.345) e = 0.283, Y = 1.54.
e = 0.22 + (0.26 − 0.22) × Thus, Fa / Fr = 0.6 > e.
PrA = FrA = 5 200 N (0.689 − 0.345)
= 0.23 Using the resultant values, the dynamic equivalent
FrA
PrB = XFrB + YB + Ka As a result, it can be confirmed that load and basic rating life can be calculated as
2 YA
follows :
= 0.4 × 6 800 + 1.48 × 3 225 = 7 493 N Fa / Fr = 0.15 < e.
Pr = XFr + YFa
Each bearing service life (L10) is calculated Hence, Pr = Fr .
= 0.56 × 4 000 + 1.54 × 2 400 = 5 940 N
using equation (5-1). 106 Cr p
L10h =
CrA 10/3 68.8 × 103 10/3 60n Pr
L10A = =
PrA 5 200 106 61.1 × 103 3
= × Å 18 100 h
Å 5 480 × 106 revolutions 60 × 1 000 5 940
The basic rating life of the 6308, using the same
CrB 10/3 83.9 × 103 10/3
L10B = = steps, is :
PrB 7 493
L10h Å 11 500 h, which does not satisfy the
Å 3 140 × 106 revolutions service life requirement.

A 48 A 49
5. Selection of bearing dimensions

[Example 8] Calculation of service life of spur gear shaft bearings

(Conditions) Gear 1
K t1
Tapered roller bearing Gear 2 Bearing B
Bearing A K r1
Bearing A : 32309 JR
Bearing B : 32310 JR
Gear type : spur gear (normally machined) Operating condition: accompanied by impact K r2
Gear pressure angle α 1 = α 2 = 20° Installation locations
K t2
Gear pitch circle diameter Dp1 = 360 mm a1 = 95 mm , a2 = 265 mm,
Dp2 = 180 mm a1 a2
b1 = 245 mm , b2 = 115 mm ,
b1 b2
Transmission power W = 150 kW c = 360 mm
c
Rotational speed n = 1 000 min−1

Using equations (5-14) and (5-15), theoretical *Combining the loads of KtA and KrA, the radial The following specifications can be obtained Using equation (5-2), the basic rating life of
loads applied to gears (tangential load, Kt; radial load (FrA) applied to bearing A can be calculated from the bearing specification table. each bearing is calculated :
load, Kr) are calculated. as follows : Basic dynamic load rating [Bearing A]
e X 1) Y 1)
FrA = KtA2 + KrA2 (Cr) 106 CrA p
[Gear 1] L10hA =
60n PA
19.1 × 106W 19.1 × 106 × 150 = 19 6972 + 5062 = 19 703 N Bearing A 183 kN
Kt1 = = 106 183 × 103 10/3
Dpn 360 × 1 000 [Bearing B] 0.35 0.4 1.74 = ×
60 × 1 000 19 867
= 7 958 N *Load consisting of Kt1 and Kt2 is : Bearing B 221 kN
Å 27 300 h
Kr1 = Kt1tan α 1 = 2 896 N a1 b1 [Note] 1) Those values are used, where Fa / Fr > e.
KtB = fw fg K + K [Bearing B]
c t1 c t2 Where Fa / Fr ² e, X = 1, Y = 0.
[Gear 2] 106 CrB p
95 245 L10hB =
19.1 × 106 × 150 = 1.5 × 1.2 × × 7 958 + × When an axial load is not applied externally, if 60n PB
Kt2 = = 15 917 N 360 360
180 × 1 000
the radial load is applied to the tapered roller 106 221 × 103 10/3
Kr2 = Kt2tan α 2 = 5 793 N 15 917 = 23 278 N = ×
bearing, an axial component force is generated. 60 × 1 000 23 971
Considering this fact, the axial load applied Å 27 400 h
*Load consisting of Kr1 and Kr2 is :
The radial load applied to the bearing is calculated,
a1 b1 from the shaft and peripheral parts is to be
where the load coefficient is determined as fw = 1.5 KrB = fw fg K − K
c r1 c r2 calculated : Reference
from Table 5-6, and the gear coefficient as fg = 1.2
95 245 (Equation 5-33, Table 5-9) Using equation (5-11), the system service life
from Table 5-8. = 1.5 × 1.2 × × 2 896 − ×
360 360 (L10hS) using a pair of bearings is :
[Bearing A] FrB 23 971 F 19 703
= > rA = 1
5 793 = − 5 721 N 2 YB 2 × 1.74 2 YA 2 × 1.74 L10hS =
*Load consisting of Kt1 and Kt2 is : 1 1 1/e
According to the result, it is clear that the axial +
a2 b2 *The radial load (FrB) applied to bearing B can L10hAe L10hBe
KtA = fw fg K + Kt2 component force (FrB /2YB) applied to bearing B
c t1 c be calculated using the same steps as with 1
=
265 115 is also applied to bearing A as an axial load app- 1 1 8/9
= 1.5 × 1.2 × × 7 958 + × bearing A. +
360 360 lied from the shaft and peripheral parts. 27 3009/8 27 4009/8
FrB = KtB2 + KrB2 Å 14 800 h
15 917 = 19 697 N Using the values listed in Table 5-9, the dynamic
= 23 2782 + (− 5 721)2 = 23 971 N
equivalent load is calculated, where Ka = 0 :
*Load consisting of Kr1 and Kr2 is :
FrB
a2 b2 PrA = XFrA + YA
KrA = fw fg K − K 2 YB
c r1 c r2
23 971
265 115 = 0.4 × 19 703 × 1.74 ×
= 1.5 × 1.2 × × 2 896 − × 2 × 1.74
360 360
= 19 867 N
5 793 = 506 N PrB = FrB = 23 971 N

A 50 A 51
6. Boundary dimensions and bearing numbers
Cross-section dimensions of radial bearings
6-1 Boundary dimensions sions related to bearing bore diameter numbers
and thrust bearings expressed in dimension
and bore diameters are listed in diameter series Dimension Diameter
series can be compared using Figs. 6-2 and
Bearing boundary dimensions are dimen- and dimension series. series series

Height
series
6-3.
sions required for bearing installation with shaft Reference
or housing, and as described in Fig. 6-1, include 1) Diameter series is a series of nominal bear- 0 12 3 4
In this way, many dimension series are
the bore diameter, outside diameter, width, ing outside diameters provided for respective
provided; however, not all dimensions are 70
height, and chamfer dimension. ranges of bearing bore diameter; and, a 71
practically adapted. 72 7
These dimensions are standardized by the dimension series includes width and height 73
Some of them were merely prescribed, given 74
International Organization for Standardization as well as diameters.
expected future use.
(ISO 15). JIS B 1512 "rolling bearing boundary 2) Tapered roller bearing boundary dimensions 90
91
dimensions" is based on ISO. listed in the Appendixes are adapted to con- 92 9
These boundary dimensions are provided, ventional dimension series (widths and diam- 93
classified into radial bearings (tapered roller eters). Tapered roller bearing boundary 6-2 Dimensions of snap ring grooves 94
bearings are provided in other tables) and thrust dimensions provided in JIS B 1512-2000 are and locating snap rings 10
bearings. new dimension series based on ISO 355 (ref. 11
12 1
Boundary dimensions of each bearing are descriptions before the bearing specification JIS B 1509 "rolling bearing -radial bearing 13
listed in Appendixes at the back of this catalog. table); for reference, the bearing specification with locating snap ring-dimensions and toler-
In these boundary dimension tables, the outside table covers numeric codes used in these ances" conforms to the dimensions of snap ring 14
diameter, width, height, and chamfer dimen- dimension series. groove for fitting locating snap ring on the out-
side surface of bearing and the dimensions and
tolerances of locating snap ring.
u d1 22
T 2
B B ud
C r 23
r r r r r1 r
r r r r r1
T
r r 24
r r u D1 r
Taper
1 or 1 r uD
r r 12 30
ud
uD ud uD ud uD
B uD Fig. 6-3 Thrust bearing dimension
r u D1 series diagram
r (diameter series 5 omitted)
r1 r1
B u d2 T1
(1) Radial bearing (2) Tapered roller bearing
(tapered roller bearings not included) r
r u D1
Radial bearing Thrust bearing u d3 Width series 8 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
(tapered roller bearings not included)d : shaft race nominal bore diameter 4
d : nominal bore diameter uD
d1 : shaft race nominal outside 3
D : nominal outside diameter diameter2) (3) Thrust bearing Diameter series 2
B : nominal assembled bearing width d2 : central race nominal bore diameter 1
(single/double direction) 90
r : inner/outer ring chamfer dimension1)
d3 : central race nominal outside 8
diameter 2)

12
02

21 22
D : housing race nominal outside

10 11

32
00 01
83
diameter [Notes] Dimension series
Tapered roller bearing

68
69
60
82

03
04

13
29 20

23
24
38
39
31
33

48
49
40
41
42

58
59
50
1) The bearing specification

18 19
d : nominal bore diameter D1 : housing race nominal bore

08 09

30
diameter1) table includes the minimum

28
D : nominal outside diameter
T : nominal assembled bearing width T : single direction nominal bearing height value.
B : nominal inner ring width T1 : double direction nominal bearing height 2) The bearing specification
B : central race nominal height table includes the maximum
C : nominal outer ring width
r : inner ring chamfer dimension1) r : shaft/housing race chamfer dimension1) value.
r1 : outer ring chamfer dimension1) r1 : central race chamfer dimension1)

Fig. 6-1 Bearing boundary dimensions Fig. 6-2 Radial bearing dimension series diagram (diameter series 7 omitted)

A 52 A 53
6. Boundary dimensions and bearing numbers

6-3 Bearing number Table 6-1 Bearing series code


A bearing number is composed of a basic (Ex. 4) Bearing Dimension series code Bearing Dimension series code
number and a supplementary code, denoting 320 05 J R P 6 X Type Type
Bearing type series Bearing type series
code Width Diameter code Width Diameter
bearing specifications including bearing type, code series1) series code series series
Tolerance class code
boundary dimensions, running accuracy, and (class 6X) 67 6 (1) 7 329 3 2 9
internal clearance. Internal design code 68 6 (1) 8 320 3 2 0
Bearing numbers of standard bearings corre- (high load capacity)
69 6 (1) 9 330 3 3 0
sponding to JIS B 1512 "rolling bearing bound- Code denoting that boundary Single-row 160 2) 6 (0) 0 331 3 3 1
ary dimensions" are prescribed in JIS B 1513. dimensions and sub unit deep groove
As well as these bearing numbers, JTEKT dimensions are based on ball bearing 60 6 (1) 0 Tapered 302 3 0 2
uses supplementary codes other than those ISO standards. 62 6 (0) 2 roller bearing 322 3 2 2
provided by JIS. Bore diameter number 63 6 (0) 3 332 3 3 2
Among basic numbers, bearing series codes (nominal bore diameter, 25 mm) 64 6 (0) 4 303 3 0 3
are listed in Table 6-1, and the composition of Bearing series code Double-row 313 3 1 3
bearing numbers is described in Table 6-2, single-row tapered roller bearing deep groove 42 4 (2) 2
showing the order of arrangement of the parts. of dimension series 20 323 3 2 3
ball bearing 43 4 (2) 3
(with filling slot) 239 2 3 9
[Examples of bearing numbers] (Ex. 5) 79 7 (1) 9 230 2 3 0
(Ex. 1) 232/500 RZ K C 4 240 2 4 0
Single-row 70 7 (1) 0
62 03 ZZ C 2 angular
Internal clearance code 72 7 (0) 2 231 2 3 1
contact Spherical
Internal clearance code (clearance C4) ball bearing 73 7 (0) 3 241 2 4 1
(clearance C2) roller bearing
Bearing ring shape code 74 7 (0) 4 222 2 2 2
Shield code inner ring tapered bore
(both sides shielded) Double-row 232 2 3 2
(taper 1 : 12) angular
Bore diameter number 32 (0) 3 2 213 2) 2 0 3
contact
(nominal bore diameter, 17 mm) Internal design code ball bearing 33 (0) 3 3 223 2 2 3
with convex symmetric (with filling slot)
Bearing series code rollers, pressed cage 511 5 1 1
single-row deep groove ball bearing Double-row Single
52 5 (3) 2 direction 512 5 1 2
of dimension series 02 Bore diameter number angular
contact thrust 513 5 1 3
(Ex. 2) (nominal bore diameter, 500 mm) 53 5 (3) 3 ball bearing
ball bearing 514 5 1 4
72 10 C DT P 5 Bearing series code
12 1 (0) 2 Single direction 532 5 3 2
spherical roller bearing
Tolerance class code of dimension series 32 22 2 (2) 2 thrust ball bearing 533 5 3 3
(class 5) with spherical back
Self-aligning 13 1 (0) 3 face 534 5 3 4
Matched pair or stack code (Ex. 6) ball bearing
(tandem arrangement) 23 2 (2) 3 522 5 2 2
512 15 Double
Contact angle code 112 2) 1 (0) 3) 2 direction thrust 523 5 2 3
(nominal contact angle, 15°) Bore diameter number 113 2) 1 (0) 3) 3 ball bearing 524 5 2 4
Bore diameter number (nominal bore diameter, 75 mm) NU 10 NU 4) 1 0 Double 542 5 4 2
(nominal bore diameter, 50 mm) Bearing series code NU 2 NU 4) (0) 2 direction thrust
single direction thrust ball bearing ball bearing 543 5 4 3
Bearing series code NU 22 NU 4) 2 2 with spherical
of dimension series 12 Single-row back faces 544 5 4 4
single-row angular contact cylindrical NU 32 NU 4) 3 2
ball bearing of dimension series 02 roller bearing 292 2 9 2
NU 3 NU 4) (0) 3 Spherical
(Ex. 3) thrust 293 2 9 3
NU 23 NU 4) 2 3
NU 3 18 C 3 P 6 roller bearing
NU 4 NU 4) (0) 4 294 2 9 4
Tolerance class code [Notes]
Double-row NNU 49 NNU 4 9
(class 6) cylindrical 1) Width series codes in parentheses are omitted in bearing
Internal clearance code roller bearing NN 30 NN 3 0 series codes.
(clearance C3) 2) These are bearing series codes customarily used.
Single-row NA 48 NA 4 8 3) Nominal outer ring width series (inner rings only are
Bore diameter number needle NA 49 NA 4 9 wide).
(nominal bore diameter, 90 mm) roller bearing 4) Besides NU type, NJ, NUP, N, NF, and NH are provided.
NA 59 NA 5 9
Bearing series code
Double-row
single-row cylindrical roller bearing needle NA 69 NA 6 9
of dimension series 03 roller bearing
A 54 A 55
6. Boundary dimensions and bearing numbers

Table 6-2 Bearing number configuration


Basic number Supplementary code
Order of Bearing series Bore diameter Contact angle Internal design code, Shield/seal Ring shape code, Material code, Matched pair Internal clearance Spacer Cage material/ Tolerance
lubrication Grease code
arrengement code No. code cage guide code code hole/groove code special treatment code or stack code code, preload code code shape code code

(Codes and descriptions) (Codes and descriptions)


Bearing series code G Equal stand-out is provided on both sides NY Creep prevention synthetic resin ring on CM Radial internal clear- Deep groove ball
of the ring of angular contact ball bearing outer ring outside surface provided ance for electric bearing
68 Deep groove ball bearing (In general, C2 clearance is used) SG Spiral groove on inner ring bore surface CT motor bearing Cylindrical roller
69 ⋅⋅ provided bearing
⋅⋅ GST Angular contact ball bearing described
60 ⋅⋅ W Lubrication hole and lubrication groove NA Non-interchangeable cylindrical roller
⋅⋅ ⋅⋅ above with standard internal clearance
on cylindrical roller bearing outer ring bearing radial internal clearance
⋅ ⋅ provided
outside surface provided (C1NA to C5NA)
(For standard bearing code, refer to Table 6-1) J Tapered roller bearing, whose outer ring W33 Lubrication hole and lubrication groove
width, contact angle and outer ring small S Slight preload
on spherical roller bearing outer ring
Bore diameter No. inside diameter conform to ISO standards L Light preload Preload for angular
outside surface provided M Medium preload contact ball bearing
/0.6 0.6 mm (Bore diameter) R With convex asymmetric H Heavy preload
Material code, special treatment code
1 1 rollers and machined cage
/1.5 1.5 RZ With convex symmetric rollers Spherical Code Spacer code Spacer width (mm) is affixed to
⋅⋅ ⋅⋅ roller not High carbon chrome bearing steel the end of each code.
⋅ ⋅ and pressed cage given
bearings + Inner and outer ring Deep groove
9 9 RHA With convex symmetric rollers E spacers provided ball bearing
00 10 and one-piece machined cage F / Inner and outer ring
Case carburizing steel spacers provided Angular
01 12 H
02 15 Y /P Outer ring spacer provided contact
V Full complement type ball or roller bearing ball bearing
ST Stainless steel /S Inner ring spacer provided
03 17 (with no cage) +DP Inner and outer ring Cylindrical
04 20 á Bore diameters (mm) of Shield/seal code SH Special heat treatment spacers provided roller bearing,
bearing in the bore S0 Up to 150 °C +IDP Inner ring spacer provided spherical
/22 22 one side both sides Dimension stabilizing +ODP Outer ring spacer provided roller bearing
diameter range 04 to 96 S1 Up to 200 °C
05 25 treatment
⋅⋅ ⋅⋅ can be obtained by Z ZZ Fixed shield S2 Up to 250 °C
⋅ ⋅ multiplying their bore Cage material/type code
96 480 diameter number by five. ZX ZZX Removable shield Matched pair or stack code, cage guide code // Steel sheet Pressed
ZU 2ZU DB Back-to-back arrangement YS Stainless steel sheet cage
/500 500 Non-contact seal Angular
RU 2RU DF Face-to-face arrangement FT Phenol resin
/2500 2500 contact ball
RS 2RS FY High-tensile brass casting Machined
DT Tandem arrangement bearing
FW High-tensile brass casting cage
Contact angle code RK 2RK Contact seal (separable type)
A (omitted) 30° U UU PA With outer ring guide cage (Ball bearing) MG
Polyamide (Molded cage)
AC 25° RD 2RD Extremely light contact seal Q3 With roller guide cage (Roller bearing) FG
B 40° Angular contact FP Carbon steel (Pin type cage)
Ring shape code, lubrication hole/groove code Internal clearance code, preload code
C 15° ball bearing
C1 Smaller than C2 Tolerance code (JIS)
CA 20° K Inner ring tapered bore provided (1 : 12)
C2 Smaller than standard clearance Radial Omitted Class 0
E 35° K30 Inner ring tapered bore provided (1 : 30) internal
CN Standard clearance P6 Class 6
B (omitted) Less than 17° C3 Greater than standard clearance clearance
N Snap ring groove on outer ring outside for P6X Class 6X
C 20° Tapered roller C4 Greater than C3
surface provided radial P5 Class 5
D 28° 30' bearing C5 Greater than C4 bearing P4 Class 4
NR Snap ring groove and locating snap ring
DJ 28° 48' 39'' M1 Radial internal clearance for extra-small/ P2 Class 2
on outer ring outside surface provided to
M6 miniature ball bearing
Internal design code Grease code
CD2 Smaller than standard Radial internal
R High load capacity clearance clearance for A2 Alvania 2
(Deep groove ball bearing, cylindrical roller CDN Standard clearance double-row AC Andok C
bearing, tapered roller bearing) CD3 Greater than standard angular contact B5 Beacon 325
clearance ball bearing SR Multemp SRL

A 56 A 57
7. Bearing tolerances
7-1 Tolerances and tolerance ■ Boundary dimension accuracy Table 7-2 Bearing type and tolerance class
classes for bearings items on shaft and housing mounting
Tolerance
dimensions Bearing type Applied standards Applied tolerance class
table
Bearing tolerances and permissible values for *Tolerances for bore diameter, outside Deep groove ball bearing Class 0 − Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2
the boundary dimensions and running accuracy diameter, ring width, assembled bearing
Angular contact ball bearing Class 0 − Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2
of bearings are specified. width JIS B 1514-1
These tolerances are prescribed in JIS B *Tolerances for set bore diameter and set Self-aligning ball bearing Class 0 − − − − −
Table 7-3
1514-1, JIS B 1514-2, and JIS B 1514-3 (roller outside diameter of rollers
Cylindrical roller bearing Class 0 − Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2
bearings - bearing tolerances part 1: radial *Tolerance limits for chamfer dimensions
bearings, part 2: thrust bearings, and part 3: *Permissible values for width variation Needle roller bearing JIS B 1536-1 Class 0 − − − − −
(machined ring type)
permissible values for chamfer dimensions). *Tolerance and permissible values for
(These JIS standards are based on ISO tapered bore Metric series
JIS B 1514-1 Class 0 Class 6X (Class 6) Class 5 Class 4 Class 2 Table 7-5
(single-row)
standards.) ■ Running accuracy
Bearing tolerances are standardized by (items on runout of rotating elements) Tapered
Metric series BAS 1002 Class 0 − − − − − Table 7-6
(double or four-row)
classifying bearings into the following six *Permissible values for radial and axial roller
bearing
classes (accuracy in tolerances becomes higher runout of inner and outer rings Inch series ANSI/ABMA Class 4 − Class 2 Class 3 Class 0 Class 00 Table 7-7
in the order described): 0, 6X, 6, 5, 4 and 2. *Permissible values for perpendicularity
Metric series
of inner ring face (J-series) Class PK − Class PN Class PC Class PB − Table 7-8

Class 0 bearings offer adequate perfor- *Permissible values for perpendicularity


Spherical roller bearing JIS B 1514-1 Class 0 − − − − − Table 7-3
mance for general applications; and, bearings of outer ring outside surface
of class 5 or higher are required for demanding *Permissible values for thrust bearing Thrust ball bearing Class 0 − Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 − Table 7-9
JIS B 1514-2
applications and operating conditions including raceway thickness Spherical thrust roller bearing Class 0 − − − − − Table 7-10
those described in Table 7-1.
Accuracies for dimensions and running of Precision ball screw
− − − Class P5Z Class P4Z − −
support bearing
These tolerances follow ISO standards, but each bearing type are listed in Tables 7-3 JTEKT standards
some countries use different names for them. through 7-10; and, tolerances for tapered bore Double direction angular Equivalent Equivalent
− − − to class 5 to class 4 − −
contact thrust ball bearing
Tolerances for each bearing class, and and limit values for chamfer dimensions of
organizations concerning bearings are listed in radial bearings are in Tables 7-11 and 7-12. Radial bearing ISO 492
Normal
Class 6X Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2 −
Class
Table 7-2. ISO
Normal

(Reference) Class comparison


Thrust bearing ISO 199 − Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 − −
Class

Table 7-1 High precision bearing applications DIN DIN 620


Radial and Normal
BS thrust bearings BS 6107 Class 6X Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2 −
Required performance Applications Tolerance class NF NF E 22-335 Class

Acoustic / visual equipment spindles (VTR, tape recorders) P 5, P 4 ABEC 1 − ABEC 3 ABEC 5 ABEC 7 ABEC 9
Radial bearing ABMA std. 20 −
Radar / parabola antenna slewing shafts P4 RBEC 1 − RBEC 3 RBEC 5 − −
High accuracy in Machine tool spindles P 5, P 4, P 2, ABEC 9
runout is required for ANSI Instrument Class 5P Class 7P
ABMA std. 12 − − Class 3P Class 9P Table 7-4
Computers, magnetic disc spindles P 5, P 4, P 2, ABEC 9 ABMA ball bearing Class 5T Class 7T
rolling elements.
Aluminum foil roll necks P5 Tapered roller Class 4 − Class 2 Class 3 Class 0 Class 00
bearing ABMA std. 19 Table 7-7
Multi-stage mill backing bearings P4 Class K − Class N Class C Class B Class A

Dental spindles P 2, ABMA 5P, ABMA 7P


Superchargers P 5, P 4 (Reference) Standards and organizations concerned with bearings
Jet engine spindles and accessories P 5, P 4 JIS : Japanese Industrial Standard
Centrifugal separators P 5, P 4 BAS : The Japan Bearing Industrial Association Standard
High speed rotation
LNG pumps P5 ISO : International Organization for Standardization
Turbo molecular pump spindles and touch-down P 5, P 4 ANSI : American National Standards Institute, Inc.
Machine tool spindles P 5, P 4, P 2, ABEC 9 ABMA : American Bearing Manufactures Association
Tension reels P 5, P 4 DIN : Deutsches Institut für Normung
Low friction or Control equipment (synchronous motors, servomotors, gyro gimbals) P 4, ABMA 7P BS : British Standards Institution
low friction variation Measuring instruments P5 NF : Association Francaise de Normalisation
is required. Machine tool spindles P 5, P 4, P 2, ABEC 9

A 58 A 59
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-3 (1) Radial bearing tolerances (tapered roller bearings excluded)
= JIS B 1514-1 =
(1) Inner ring (bore diameter) Unit : μm

Nominal bore Single plane mean bore diameter deviation Single bore Single plane bore diameter variation Vdsp Mean bore diameter variation Nominal bore
diameter diameter deviation 1) diameter B
d 3 dmp 3 ds1) Diameter series 7, 8, 9 Diameter series 0, 1 Diameter series 2, 3, 4 Dia.
series Vdmp d
mm class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 class 2 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 mm
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. max. over up to
− 0.6 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 6 5 3 2 1.5 − 0.6
0.6 2.5 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 6 5 3 2 1.5 0.6 2.5
2.5 10 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 6 5 3 2 1.5 2.5 10 uD ud
10 18 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 6 5 3 2 1.5 10 18
18 30 0 − 10 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 − 5 0 − 2.5 0 − 5 0 − 2.5 13 10 6 5 10 8 5 4 8 6 5 4 2.5 8 6 3 2.5 1.5 18 30
30 50 0 − 12 0 − 10 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 − 2.5 0 − 6 0 − 2.5 15 13 8 6 12 10 6 5 9 8 6 5 2.5 9 8 4 3 1.5 30 50
50 80 0 − 15 0 − 12 0 − 9 0 − 7 0 −4 0 − 7 0 −4 19 15 9 7 19 15 7 5 11 9 7 5 4 11 9 5 3.5 2 50 80 Cylindrical bore
80 120 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 10 0 − 8 0 −5 0 − 8 0 −5 25 19 10 8 25 19 8 6 15 11 8 6 5 15 11 5 4 2.5 80 120
120 150 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 10 0 −7 0 − 10 0 −7 31 23 13 10 31 23 10 8 19 14 10 8 7 19 14 7 5 3.5 120 150
B
150 180 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 10 0 −7 0 − 10 0 −7 31 23 13 10 31 23 10 8 19 14 10 8 7 19 14 7 5 3.5 150 180
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 22 0 − 15 0 − 12 0 −8 0 − 12 0 −8 38 28 15 12 38 28 12 9 23 17 12 9 8 23 17 8 6 4 180 250
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 15 − − 0 − 15 − − 44 31 18 15 44 31 14 11 26 19 14 11 − 26 19 9 8 − 250 315
315 400 0 − 40 0 − 30 0 − 23 0 − 18 − − 0 − 18 − − 50 38 23 18 50 38 18 14 30 23 18 14 − 30 23 12 9 − 315 400
400 500 0 − 45 0 − 35 0 − 28 0 − 23 − − 0 − 23 − − 56 44 28 23 56 44 21 17 34 26 21 17 − 34 26 14 12 − 400 500
Taper 121
500 630 0 − 50 0 − 40 0 − 35 − − − − − − − − 63 50 35 − 63 50 26 − 38 30 26 − − 38 30 18 − − 500 630 uD ud
or 301
630 800 0 − 75 0 − 50 0 − 45 − − − − − − − − 94 63 45 − 94 63 34 − 56 38 34 − − 56 38 23 − − 630 800
800 1 000 0 − 100 0 − 60 0 − 60 − − − − − − − − 125 75 60 − 125 75 45 − 75 45 45 − − 75 45 30 − − 800 1 000
1 000 1 250 0 − 125 0 − 75 0 − 75 − − − − − − − − 156 94 75 − 156 94 56 − 94 56 56 − − 94 56 38 − − 1 000 1 250
1 250 1 600 0 − 160 − − − − − − − − − − − − 200 − − − 200 − − − 120 − − − − 120 − − − − 1 250 1 600 Tapered bore
1 600 2 000 0 − 200 − − − − − − − − − − − − 250 − − − 250 − − − 150 − − − − 150 − − − − 1 600 2 000

(2) Inner ring (running accuracy and width) Unit : μm


Nominal bore Radial runout of assembled Single inner ring width deviation Single inner ring width deviation Inner ring width variation Nominal bore
diameter bearing inner ring diameter
d Kia Sd Sia2) 3 Bs 3 Bs3) VBs d
mm class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 0 4) class 6 4) class 5 4) classes 4, 2 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 mm
over up to max. max. max. upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. over up to
− 0.6 10 5 4 2.5 1.5 7 3 1.5 7 3 1.5 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 − − − − 0 − 250 0 − 250 12 12 5 2.5 1.5 − 0.6
0.6 2.5 10 5 4 2.5 1.5 7 3 1.5 7 3 1.5 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 − − − − 0 − 250 0 − 250 12 12 5 2.5 1.5 0.6 2.5
2.5 10 10 6 4 2.5 1.5 7 3 1.5 7 3 1.5 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 15 15 5 2.5 1.5 2.5 10
10 18 10 7 4 2.5 1.5 7 3 1.5 7 3 1.5 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 80 0 − 80 0 − 80 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 20 20 5 2.5 1.5 10 18
18 30 13 8 4 3 2.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 2.5 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 20 20 5 2.5 1.5 18 30
30 50 15 10 5 4 2.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 2.5 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 120 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 20 20 5 3 1.5 30 50
50 80 20 10 5 4 2.5 8 5 1.5 8 5 2.5 0 − 150 0 − 150 0 − 150 0 − 150 0 − 150 0 − 380 0 − 380 0 − 250 0 − 250 25 25 6 4 1.5 50 80
80 120 25 13 6 5 2.5 9 5 2.5 9 5 2.5 0 − 200 0 − 200 0 − 200 0 − 200 0 − 200 0 − 380 0 − 380 0 − 380 0 − 380 25 25 7 4 2.5 80 120
120 150 30 18 8 6 2.5 10 6 2.5 10 7 2.5 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 500 0 − 500 0 − 380 0 − 380 30 30 8 5 2.5 120 150
150 180 30 18 8 6 5 10 6 4 10 7 5 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 250 0 − 500 0 − 500 0 − 380 0 − 380 30 30 8 5 4 150 180
180 250 40 20 10 8 5 11 7 5 13 8 5 0 − 300 0 − 300 0 − 300 0 − 300 0 − 300 0 − 500 0 − 500 0 − 500 0 − 500 30 30 10 6 5 180 250
250 315 50 25 13 10 − 13 8 − 15 9 − 0 − 350 0 − 350 0 − 350 0 − 350 − − 0 − 500 0 − 500 0 − 500 − − 35 35 13 8 − 250 315
315 400 60 30 15 13 − 15 9 − 20 12 − 0 − 400 0 − 400 0 − 400 0 − 400 − − 0 − 630 0 − 630 0 − 630 − − 40 40 15 9 − 315 400
400 500 65 35 20 15 − 18 11 − 25 15 − 0 − 450 0 − 450 0 − 450 0 − 450 − − − − − − − − − − 50 45 18 11 − 400 500
500 630 70 40 25 − − 25 − − 30 − − 0 − 500 0 − 500 0 − 500 − − − − − − − − − − − − 60 50 20 − − 500 630
630 800 80 50 30 − − 30 − − 35 − − 0 − 750 0 − 750 0 − 750 − − − − − − − − − − − − 70 60 23 − − 630 800
800 1 000 90 60 40 − − 40 − − 45 − − 0 − 1 000 0 − 1 000 0 − 1 000 − − − − − − − − − − − − 80 60 35 − − 800 1 000
1 000 1 250 100 70 50 − − 50 − − 60 − − 0 − 1 250 0 − 1 250 0 − 1 250 − − − − − − − − − − − − 100 60 45 − − 1 000 1 250
1 250 1 600 120 − − − − − − − − − − 0 − 1 600 − − − − − − − − − − − − − − − − 120 − − − − 1 250 1 600
1 600 2 000 140 − − − − − − − − − − 0 − 2 000 − − − − − − − − − − − − − − − − 140 − − − − 1 600 2 000
Sd : perpendicularity of inner ring face with respect to the bore Sia : axial runout of assembled bearing inner ring 3) These shall be appplied to individual bearing rings manufactured for matched pair or stack bearings.
[Notes] 1) These shall be applied to bearings of diameter series 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4. 4) Also applicable to the inner ring with tapered bore of d ³ 50 mm.
2) These shall be applied to deep groove ball bearings and angular contact ball bearings. [Remark] Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards.
A 60 A 61
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-3 (2) Radial bearing tolerances (tapered roller bearings excluded)
(3) Outer ring (outside diameter) Unit : μm

Nominal Single plane mean outside diameter deviation Single outside Single plane outside diameter variation VDsp Shielded/sealed type Mean outside Nominal
outside dia. diameter deviation 1) Diameter series
diameter variation outside dia.
D 3 Dmp 3 Ds1) Diameter series 7, 8, 9 Diameter series 0, 1 Diameter series 2, 3, 4 Dia.
series 2, 3, 4 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
VDmp D
mm mm
class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 5) class 2 class 0 2) class 6 2) class 5 5) class 4 5) class 0 2) class 6 2) class 5 5) class 4 5) class 0 2) class 6 2) class 5 5) class 4 5) class 2 class 0 2) class 6 2) class 0 2) class 6 2) class 5 class 4 class 2
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. max. max. over up to
− 2.5 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 10 9 6 5 3 2 1.5 − 2.5
2.5 6 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 10 9 6 5 3 2 1.5 2.5 6
6 18 0 − 8 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 0 − 4 0 − 2.5 10 9 5 4 8 7 4 3 6 5 4 3 2.5 10 9 6 5 3 2 1.5 6 18
18 30 0 − 9 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 − 5 0 − 4 0 − 5 0 − 4 12 10 6 5 9 8 5 4 7 6 5 4 4 12 10 7 6 3 2.5 2 18 30
30 50 0 − 11 0 − 9 0 − 7 0 − 6 0 − 4 0 − 6 0 − 4 14 11 7 6 11 9 5 5 8 7 5 5 4 16 13 8 7 4 3 2 30 50
50 80 0 − 13 0 − 11 0 − 9 0 − 7 0 − 4 0 − 7 0 − 4 16 14 9 7 13 11 7 5 10 8 7 5 4 20 16 10 8 5 3.5 2 50 80
80 120 0 − 15 0 − 13 0 − 10 0 − 8 0 − 5 0 − 8 0 − 5 19 16 10 8 19 16 8 6 11 10 8 6 5 26 20 11 10 5 4 2.5 80 120
120 150 0 − 18 0 − 15 0 − 11 0 − 9 0 − 5 0 − 9 0 − 5 23 19 11 9 23 19 8 7 14 11 8 7 5 30 25 14 11 6 5 2.5 120 150
150 180 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 10 0 − 7 0 − 10 0 − 7 31 23 13 10 31 23 10 8 19 14 10 8 7 38 30 19 14 7 5 3.5 150 180
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 11 0 − 8 0 − 11 0 − 8 38 25 15 11 38 25 11 8 23 15 11 8 8 − − 23 15 8 6 4 180 250
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 8 0 − 13 0 − 8 44 31 18 13 44 31 14 10 26 19 14 10 8 − − 26 19 9 7 4 250 315
315 400 0 − 40 0 − 28 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 10 0 − 15 0 − 10 50 35 20 15 50 35 15 11 30 21 15 11 10 − − 30 21 10 8 5 315 400
400 500 0 − 45 0 − 33 0 − 23 0 − 17 − − 0 − 17 − − 56 41 23 17 56 41 17 13 34 25 17 13 − − − 34 25 12 9 − 400 500
500 630 0 − 50 0 − 38 0 − 28 0 − 20 − − 0 − 20 − − 63 48 28 20 63 48 21 15 38 29 21 15 − − − 38 29 14 10 − 500 630
630 800 0 − 75 0 − 45 0 − 35 − − − − − − − − 94 56 35 − 94 56 26 − 55 34 26 − − − − 55 34 18 − − 630 800
800 1 000 0 − 100 0 − 60 0 − 50 − − − − − − − − 125 75 50 − 125 75 38 − 75 45 38 − − − − 75 45 25 − − 800 1 000
1 000 1 250 0 − 125 0 − 75 0 − 63 − − − − − − − − 156 94 63 − 156 94 47 − 94 56 47 − − − − 94 56 31 − − 1 000 1 250
1 250 1 600 0 − 160 0 − 90 0 − 80 − − − − − − − − 200 113 80 − 200 113 60 − 120 68 60 − − − − 120 68 40 − − 1 250 1 600
1 600 2 000 0 − 200 0 − 120 − − − − − − − − − − 250 150 − − 250 150 − − 150 90 − − − − − 150 90 − − − 1 600 2 000
2 000 2 500 0 − 250 − − − − − − − − − − − − 313 − − − 313 − − − 188 − − − − − − 188 − − − − 2 000 2 500

(4) Outer ring (running accuracy and width) Unit : μm

Nominal Radial runout of assembled Ring width variation


bearing outer ring [Notes]
outside dia.
Kea SD4) Sea3) 4) 3 Cs3) VCs3) 1) These shall be applied to bearings of diameter series 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4.
D
class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 classes classes class 5 class 4 class 2
mm 0, 6, 5, 4, 2 0, 6 2) Shall be applied when locating snap ring is not fitted.
over up to max. max. max. upper lower max. 3) These shall be applied to deep groove ball bearings and angular contact ball bearings.
− 2.5 15 8 5 3 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 5 1.5 5 2.5 1.5 4) These shall not be applied to flanged bearings.
2.5 6 15 8 5 3 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 5 1.5 5 2.5 1.5 5) These shall not be applied to shielded bearings and sealed bearings.
6 18 15 8 5 3 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 5 1.5 5 2.5 1.5
18 30 15 9 6 4 2.5 8 4 1.5 8 5 2.5 5 2.5 1.5 [Remark]
30 50 20 10 7 5 2.5 8 4 1.5 8 5 2.5 5 2.5 1.5
Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards.
50 80 25 13 8 5 4 8 4 1.5 10 5 4 Shall Shall 6 3 1.5
conform con-
80 120 35 18 10 6 5 9 5 2.5 11 6 5 8 4 2.5
to the tol- form to B
120 150 40 20 11 7 5 10 5 2.5 13 7 5 8 5 2.5 B
erance the tol-
150 180 45 23 13 8 5 10 5 2.5 14 8 5 3Bs on d erance 8 5 2.5
180 250 50 25 15 10 7 11 7 4 15 10 7 of the VBs on 10 7 4
250 315 60 30 18 11 7 13 8 5 18 10 7 same d of 11 7 5
bearing the
315 400 70 35 20 13 8 13 10 7 20 13 8 13 8 7 : nominal bore diameter
same d
400 500 80 40 23 15 − 15 12 − 23 15 − 15 9 − uD ud Taper 121
bear- uD ud D : nominal outside diameter
500 630 100 50 25 18 − 18 13 − 25 18 − ing 18 11 − or 301 : nominal assembled bearing width
B
630 800 120 60 30 − − 20 − − 30 − − 20 − −
800 1 000 140 75 40 − − 23 − − 40 − − 23 − −
1 000 1 250 160 85 45 − − 30 − − 45 − − 30 − −
1 250 1 600 190 95 60 − − 45 − − 60 − − 45 − − Cylindrical bore Tapered bore
1 600 2 000 220 110 − − − − − − − − − − − −
2 000 2 500 250 − − − − − − − − − − − − −
SD : perpendicularity of outer ring outside surface with respect to the face
Sea : axial runout of assembled bearing outer ring
3Cs : deviation of a single outer ring width
A 62 A 63
7. Bearing tolerances

(Refer.) Table 7-4 Tolerances for measuring instrument ball bearings (inch series)
= ANSI/ABMA standards = (reference)
(1) Inner ring and outer ring width Unit : μm
Single plane Single bore Single plane bore Mean bore Radial runout of Axial runout of Perpendicularity of inner Single inner or Inner or outer ring
mean bore diameter deviation diameter variation diameter variation assembled bearing assembled bearing ring face with respect to outer ring width width variation
Nominal diameter deviation inner ring inner ring the bore deviation
bore dia. 3 dmp 3 ds Vdsp Vdmp Kia Sia Sd 3 Bs , 3 Cs VBs , VCs
d
mm classes class classes class classes class classes class class class class class class class class class class classes class class class
5P, 7P 9P 5P, 7P 9P 5P, 7P 9P 5P, 7P 9P 5P 7P 9P 5P 7P 9P 5P 7P 9P 5P, 7P, 9P 5P 7P 9P

over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. max. upper lower max.
− 10 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 2.5 1.3 2.5 1.3 3.8 2.5 1.3 7.6 2.5 1.3 7.6 2.5 1.3 0 − 25.4 5.1 2.5 1.3
10 18 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 2.5 1.3 2.5 1.3 3.8 2.5 1.3 7.6 2.5 1.3 7.6 2.5 1.3 0 − 25.4 5.1 2.5 1.3
18 30 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 2.5 1.3 2.5 1.3 3.8 3.8 2.5 7.6 3.8 1.3 7.6 3.8 1.3 0 − 25.4 5.1 2.5 1.3

(2) Outer ring Unit : μm

Single plane mean Single outside Single plane outside Mean outside Radial runout of Axial runout of Perpendicularity of outer Single outer ring Single outer
outside diameter diameter deviation diameter variation diameter variation assembled bearing assembled bearing ring outside surface with flange outside ring flange
deviation outer ring outer ring respect to the face diameter deviation width deviation
3 Dmp 3 Ds VDsp VDmp Kea Sea SD 3 D1s 3 C1s
Nominal
outside dia. classes class classes class classes class
D 5P, 7P 9P 5P, 7P 9P 5P, 7P 9P
mm classes class class class class class class class class class class classes classes
5P, 7P 9P Open Shielded/ Open Open Shielded/ Open Open Shielded/ Open 5P 7P 9P 5P 7P 9P 5P 7P 9P 5P, 7P 5P, 7P
type sealed type type sealed type type sealed type
type type type

over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. max. upper lower upper lower
− 18 0 − 5.1 0 − 2.5 0 − 5.1 +1 − 6.1 0 − 2.5 2.5 5.1 1.3 2.5 5.1 1.3 5.1 3.8 1.3 7.6 5.1 1.3 7.6 3.8 1.3 0 − 25.4 0 − 50.8
18 30 0 − 5.1 0 − 3.8 0 − 5.1 +1 − 6.1 0 − 3.8 2.5 5.1 2 2.5 5.1 2 5.1 3.8 2.5 7.6 5.1 2.5 7.6 3.8 1.3 0 − 25.4 0 − 50.8
30 50 0 − 5.1 0 − 3.8 0 − 5.1 +1 − 6.1 0 − 3.8 2.5 5.1 2 2.5 5.1 2 5.1 5.1 2.5 7.6 5.1 2.5 7.6 3.8 1.3 0 − 25.4 0 − 50.8

B
B C1 d : nominal bore diameter
D : nominal outside diameter
B : nominal assembled bearing width
D1 : nominal outer ring flange outside diameter
C1 : nominal outer ring flange width
uD ud u D1 ud uD

A 64 A 65
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-5 (1) Tolerances for metric series tapered roller bearings
= JIS B 1514-1 =
(1) Inner ring Unit : μm

Single bore Single plane bore Mean bore Radial runout of


Nominal Single plane mean bore Single inner ring width deviation Nominal
diameter deviation diameter variation diameter assembled
bore diameter deviation bore
variation bearing inner ring
diameter 3 dmp 3 Bs diameter
d 3 ds Vdsp Vdmp Kia Sd Sia d
mm classes classes classes mm
classes 0, 6X classes 6, 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 class 2 0, 6X
class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2
0, 6X
class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2
0, 6X
class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 class 2 class 0 class 6X class 6 classes 5, 4 class 2
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. max. upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower over up to
− 10 0 − 12 0 − 71) 0 − 5 0 −4 0 − 5 0 −4 12 − 5 4 2.5 9 − 5 4 1.5 15 − 5 3 2 7 3 1.5 3 2 0 − 120 0 − 50 − − 0 − 200 0 − 200 − 10
10 18 0 − 12 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 −4 0 − 5 0 −4 12 7 5 4 2.5 9 5 5 4 1.5 15 7 5 3 2 7 3 1.5 3 2 0 − 120 0 − 50 0 − 120 0 − 200 0 − 200 10 18
18 30 0 − 12 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 −4 0 − 6 0 −4 12 8 6 5 2.5 9 6 5 4 1.5 18 8 5 3 2.5 8 4 1.5 4 2.5 0 − 120 0 − 50 0 − 120 0 − 200 0 − 200 18 30
30 50 0 − 12 0 − 10 0 − 8 0 −5 0 − 8 0 −5 12 10 8 6 3 9 8 5 5 2 20 10 6 4 2.5 8 4 2 4 2.5 0 − 120 0 − 50 0 − 120 0 − 240 0 − 240 30 50
50 80 0 − 15 0 − 12 0 − 9 0 −5 0 − 9 0 −5 15 12 9 7 4 11 9 6 5 2 25 10 7 4 3 8 5 2 4 3 0 − 150 0 − 50 0 − 150 0 − 300 0 − 300 50 80
80 120 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 10 0 −6 0 − 10 0 −6 20 15 11 8 5 15 11 8 5 2.5 30 13 8 5 3 9 5 2.5 5 3 0 − 200 0 − 50 0 − 200 0 − 400 0 − 400 80 120
120 180 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 −7 0 − 13 0 −7 25 18 14 10 7 19 14 9 7 3.5 35 18 11 6 4 10 6 3.5 7 4 0 − 250 0 − 50 0 − 250 0 − 500 0 − 500 120 180
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 22 0 − 15 0 −8 0 − 15 0 −8 30 22 17 11 7 23 16 11 8 4 50 20 13 8 5 11 7 5 8 5 0 − 300 0 − 50 0 − 300 0 − 600 0 − 600 180 250
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 251) 0 − 18 0 −8 0 − 18 0 −8 35 25 19 12 8 26 19 13 9 5 60 30 13 9 6 13 8 5.5 9 6 0 − 350 0 − 50 0 − 350 0 − 700 0 − 700 250 315
315 400 0 − 40 0 − 301) − − − − − − − − 40 30 23 − − 30 23 15 − − 70 35 15 − − 15 − − − − 0 − 400 0 − 50 0 − 400 0 − 8002) − − 315 400
400 500 0 − 45 0 − 351) − − − − − − − − 45 35 28 − − 34 26 17 − − 80 40 20 − − 17 − − − − 0 − 450 0 − 50 0 − 450 0 − 9002) − − 400 500
500 630 0 − 60 0 − 401) − − − − − − − − 60 40 35 − − 40 30 20 − − 90 50 25 − − 20 − − − − 0 − 500 − − 0 − 500 0 − 1 1002) − − 500 630
630 800 0 − 75 0 − 501) − − − − − − − − 75 50 45 − − 45 38 25 − − 100 60 30 − − 25 − − − − 0 − 750 − − 0 − 750 0 − 1 6002) − − 630 800
800 1 000 0 − 100 0 − 601) − − − − − − − − 100 60 60 − − 55 45 30 − − 115 75 37 − − 30 − − − − 0 − 1 000 − − 0 − 1 000 0 − 2 0002) − − 800 1 000
Sd : perpendicularity of inner ring face with respect to the bore
Sia : axial runout of assembled bearing inner ring

(2-1) Outer ring Unit : μm (2-2) Outer ring Unit : μm

Single plane mean outside Single outside Single plane Mean outside Radial runout of Single outer ring T
Nominal Nominal Nominal
diameter deviation diameter deviation outside diameter diameter variation assembled width deviation
outside outside bore C
variation bearing outer ring
diameter diameter diameter
3 Dmp 3 Ds VDsp VDmp Kea SD3) Sea3) 3 Cs
D D d
mm classes classes classes mm mm classes
classes 0, 6X classes 6, 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 class 2 0, 6X
class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2
0, 6X
class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2
0, 6X
class 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 class 2 class 6X
0, 6, 5, 4, 2
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. max. over up to over up to upper lower upper lower
B
− 18 0 − 12 0 − 81) 0 − 6 0 − 5 0 − 6 0 − 5 12 − 6 5 4 9 − 5 4 2.5 18 − 6 4 2.5 8 4 1.5 5 2.5 − 18 − 10 0 − 100
18 30 0 − 12 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 − 5 0 − 6 0 − 5 12 8 6 5 4 9 6 5 4 2.5 18 9 6 4 2.5 8 4 1.5 5 2.5 18 30 10 18 0 − 100 uD ud
30 50 0 − 14 0 − 9 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 7 0 − 5 14 9 7 5 4 11 7 5 5 2.5 20 10 7 5 2.5 8 4 2 5 2.5 30 50 18 30 0 − 100
50 80 0 − 16 0 − 11 0 − 9 0 − 6 0 − 9 0 − 6 16 11 8 7 4 12 8 6 5 2.5 25 13 8 5 4 8 4 2.5 5 4 50 80 30 50 0 − 100
80 120 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 10 0 − 6 0 − 10 0 − 6 18 13 10 8 5 14 10 7 5 3 35 18 10 6 5 9 5 3 6 5 80 120 50 80 0 − 100 Shall
comform
120 150 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 11 0 − 7 0 − 11 0 − 7 20 15 11 8 5 15 11 8 6 3.5 40 20 11 7 5 10 5 3.5 7 5 120 150 80 120 0 − 100
to the
150 180 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 7 0 − 13 0 − 7 25 18 14 10 7 19 14 9 7 4 45 23 13 8 5 10 5 4 8 5 150 180 120 180 0 − 100 tolerance d : nominal bore
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 8 0 − 15 0 − 8 30 20 15 11 8 23 15 10 8 5 50 25 15 10 7 11 7 5 10 7 180 250 180 250 0 − 100 3 Bs on diameter
d of the D : nominal outside
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 9 0 − 18 0 − 9 35 25 19 14 8 26 19 13 9 5 60 30 18 11 7 13 8 6 10 7 250 315 250 315 0 − 100
same diameter
315 400 0 − 40 0 − 28 0 − 20 0 − 10 0 − 20 0 − 10 40 28 22 15 10 30 21 14 10 6 70 35 20 13 8 13 10 7 13 8 315 400 315 400 0 − 100 bearing B : nominal inner ring
400 500 0 − 45 0 − 331) − − − − − − − − 45 33 26 − − 34 25 17 − − 80 40 24 − − 17 − − − − 400 500 400 500 0 − 100 width
500 630 0 − 50 0 − 381) − − − − − − − − 60 38 30 − − 38 29 20 − − 100 50 30 − − 20 − − − − 500 630 500 630 − − C : nominal outer ring
width
630 800 0 − 75 0 − 451) − − − − − − − − 80 45 38 − − 55 34 25 − − 120 60 36 − − 25 − − − − 630 800 630 800 − −
T : nominal assembled
800 1 000 0 − 100 0 − 601) − − − − − − − − 100 60 50 − − 75 45 30 − − 140 75 43 − − 30 − − − − 800 1 000 800 1 000 − − bearing width
1)
1 000 1 250 0 − 125 0 − 80 − − − − − − − − 130 75 65 − − 90 56 38 − − 160 85 52 − − 38 − − − − 1 000 1 250
1 250 1 600 0 − 160 0 − 1001) − − − − − − − − 170 90 90 − − 100 68 50 − − 180 95 62 − − 50 − − − − 1 250 1 600

[Notes] 1) Class 6 values are prescribed in JTEKT standards. SD : perpendicularity of outer ring outside surface with respect to the face
2) These shall be applied to bearings of tolerance class 5. Sea : axial runout of assembled bearing outer ring
3) These shall not be applied to flanged bearings.
[Remark] Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards.
A 66 A 67
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-5 (2) Tolerances for metric series tapered roller bearings Table 7-6 Tolerances for metric series double-row and four-row
tapered roller bearings (class 0) = BAS 1002 =
(3) Assembled bearing width and effective width Unit : μm (1) Inner ring, outer ring width and overall width Unit : μm

Nominal bore Actual bearing width deviation Actual effective inner Single Actual overall inner rings/
sub-unit width deviation Nominal bore Single plane mean plane bore Mean bore Single outer ring outer rings width deviation
diameter
d 3 Ts 3 T1s diameter bore diameter diameter diameter or inner ring width
d deviation variation variation deviation Double-row Four-row
mm class 0 class 6X class 6 classes 5, 4 class 2 class 0 class 6X classes 5, 4 class 2
mm 3 Ts 3 Ts , 3 Ws
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower 3 dmp Vdsp Vdmp Kia 3 Bs , 3 Cs
− 10 + 200 0 + 100 0 − − + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 over up to upper lower max. max. max. upper lower upper lower upper lower
10 18 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 30 50 0 − 12 12 9 20 0 − 120 + 240 − 240 − −
18 30 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 50 80 0 − 15 15 11 25 0 − 150 + 300 − 300 − −
30 50 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 80 120 0 − 20 20 15 30 0 − 200 + 400 − 400 + 500 − 500
50 80 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 120 180 0 − 25 25 19 35 0 − 250 + 500 − 500 + 600 − 600
80 120 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 + 100 − 100 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 180 250 0 − 30 30 23 50 0 − 300 + 600 − 600 + 750 − 750
120 180 + 350 − 250 + 150 0 + 350 − 250 + 350 − 250 + 200 − 250 + 150 − 150 + 50 0 + 150 − 150 + 100 − 100 250 315 0 − 35 35 26 60 0 − 350 + 700 − 700 + 900 − 900
180 250 + 350 − 250 + 150 0 + 350 − 250 + 350 − 250 + 200 − 300 + 150 − 150 + 50 0 + 150 − 150 + 100 − 150 315 400 0 − 40 40 30 70 0 − 400 + 800 − 800 + 1 000 − 1 000
250 315 + 350 − 250 + 200 0 + 350 − 250 + 350 − 250 + 200 − 300 + 150 − 150 + 100 0 + 150 − 150 + 100 − 150 400 500 0 − 45 45 34 80 0 − 450 + 900 − 900 + 1 200 − 1 200
315 400 + 400 − 400 + 200 0 + 400 − 400 + 400 − 4001) − − + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 200 − 2001) − − 500 630 0 − 60 60 40 90 0 − 500 + 1 000 − 1 000 + 1 200 − 1 200
400 500 + 450 − 450 + 200 0 + 400 − 400 + 450 − 4501) − − + 225 − 225 + 100 0 + 225 − 2251) − − 630 800 0 − 75 75 45 100 0 − 750 + 1 500 − 1 500 − −
500 630 + 500 − 500 − − + 500 − 500 + 500 − 5001) − − − − − − − − − − 800 1 000 0 − 100 100 55 115 0 − 1 000 + 1 500 − 1 500 − −
630 800 + 600 − 600 − − + 600 − 600 + 600 − 6001) − − − − − − − − − − Kia : radial runout of assembled bearing inner ring
800 1 000 + 750 − 750 − − + 750 − 750 + 750 − 7501) − − − − − − − − − −

Nominal bore Actual effective outer ring T T1 Master (2) Outer ring Unit : μm
diameter width deviation outer ring
d 3 T2s Single Mean out- T
Nominal outside Single plane mean plane side
mm class 0 class 6X classes 5, 4 class 2 diameter outside diameter outside diameter T C
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower D deviation diameter variation
mm variation
− 10 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 3 Dmp VDsp VDmp Kea
10 18 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 over up to upper lower max. max. max.
ud ud B
18 30 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 50 80 0 − 16 16 12 25
30 50 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 uD u du D ud
80 120 0 − 18 18 14 35
50 80 + 100 0 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 120 150 0 − 20 20 15 40
80 120 + 100 − 100 + 50 0 + 100 − 100 + 100 − 100 150 180 0 − 25 25 19 45
120 180 + 200 − 100 + 100 0 + 200 − 100 + 100 − 150 180 250 0 − 30 30 23 50
180 250 + 200 − 100 + 100 0 + 200 − 100 + 100 − 150 T2 250 315 0 − 35 35 26 60
Master inner
250 315 + 200 − 100 + 100 0 + 200 − 100 + 100 − 150 315 400 0 − 40 40 30 70
sub-unit
315 400 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 200 − 2001) − − 400 500 0 − 45 45 34 80 T
400 500 + 225 − 225 + 100 0 + 225 − 2251) − − 500 630 0 − 50 60 38 100
500 630 − − − − − − − − 630 800 0 − 75 80 55 120
630 800 − − − − − − − − 800 1 000 0 − 100 100 75 140
800 1 000 − − − − − − − − ud 1 000 1 250 0 − 125 130 90 160 W
[Note] 1) These shall be applied to bearings of tolerance class 5. 1 250 1 600 0 − 160 170 100 180 uD ud
[Remark] Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards. Kea : radial runout of assembled bearing outer ring

d : nominal bore diameter


d : nominal bore diameter
T : nominal assembled bearing width D : nominal outside diameter
T1 : nominal effective width of inner sub-unit B : nominal double inner ring width
T2 : nominal effective width of outer ring C : nominal double outer ring width
T, W : nominal overall width
of outer rings (inner rings)

A 68 A 69
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-7 Tolerances and permissible values for inch series tapered roller bearings
= ANSI/ABMA 19 =
(1) Inner ring Unit : μm (4) Assembled bearing width and overall width Unit : μm

Applied Nominal bore diameter Deviation of a single bore diameter 3 ds Applied Nominal bore diameter Nominal outside diameter Deviation of the actual bearing width and overall width of inner rings/outer rings 3 Ts, 3 Ws
bearing d , mm (1/25.4) class 4 class 2 class 3 class 0 class 00 bearing d, mm (1/25.4) D, mm (1/25.4) class 4 class 2 class 3 classes 0,00
type over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower type over up to over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower
− 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 + 13 0 + 13 0 + 13 0 +8 0 − 101.6 ( 4.0) − − + 203 0 + 203 0 + 203 − 203 + 203 − 203
76.2 ( 3.0) 266.7 (10.5) + 25 0 + 25 0 + 13 0 + 13 0 +8 0 101.6 ( 4.0) 266.7 (10.5) + 356 − 254 + 203 0 + 203 − 203 + 203 − 203
266.7 (10.5) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 + 25 0 + 13 0 + 13 0 +8 0 266.7 (10.5) 304.8 (12.0) − − + 356 − 254 + 203 0 + 203 − 203 + 203 − 2031)
All Single-row
304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 + 51 0 + 25 0 − − − − 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) − 508.0 (20.0) − − + 381 − 381 + 203 − 203 − −
types
609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 − − + 38 0 − − − − 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) 508.0 (20.0) − − − + 381 − 381 + 381 − 381 − −
914.4 (36.0) 1 219.2 (48.0) + 102 0 − − + 51 0 − − − − 609.6 (24.0) − − + 381 − 381 − − + 381 − 381 − −
1 219.2 (48.0) − + 127 0 − − + 76 0 − − − − − 101.6 ( 4.0) − − + 406 0 + 406 0 + 406 − 406 + 406 − 406
101.6 ( 4.0) 266.7 (10.5) − − + 711 − 508 + 406 − 203 + 406 − 406 + 406 − 406
266.7 (10.5) 304.8 (12.0) − − + 711 − 508 + 406 − 203 + 406 − 406 + 406 − 4061)
Double-row
304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) − 508.0 (20.0) − − + 762 − 762 + 406 − 406 − −
(2) Outer ring Unit : μm
304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) 508.0 (20.0) − − − + 762 − 762 + 762 − 762 − −
Applied Nominal outside diameter Deviation of a single outside diameter 3 Ds 609.6 (24.0) − − + 762 − 762 − − + 762 − 762 − −
bearing D , mm (1/25.4) class 4 class 2 class 3 class 0 class 00 − 127.0 ( 5.0) − − − − + 254 0 + 254 0 − −
Double-row
type over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower (TNA type) 127.0 ( 5.0) − − − − + 762 0 + 762 0 − −
− 266.7 (10.5) + 25 0 + 25 0 + 13 0 + 13 0 +8 0
Four-row Total dimensional range − − +1 524 −1 524 +1 524 −1 524 +1 524 −1 524 +1 524 −1 524
266.7 (10.5) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 + 25 0 + 13 0 + 13 0 +8 0
All 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 + 51 0 + 25 0 − − − − [Note] 1) These shall be applied to bearings of class 0.
types 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 + 76 0 + 38 0 − − − −
914.4 (36.0) 1 219.2 (48.0) + 102 0 − − + 51 0 − − − −
1 219.2 (48.0) − + 127 0 − − + 76 0 − − − −
T T T T

(3) Radial runout of assembled bearing inner ring/outer ring Unit : μm W


Applied Nominal outside diameter Radial runout of inner ring/outer ring Kia , Kea
uD ud uD ud uD ud uD ud
bearing D , mm (1/25.4) class 4 class 2 class 3 class 0 class 00
type over up to max. max. max. max. max.
− 266.7 (10.5) 51 38 8 4 2
266.7 (10.5) 304.8 (12.0) 51 38 8 4 2
All 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) 51 38 18 − −
types 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) 76 51 51 − − d : nominal bore diameter
914.4 (36.0) 1 219.2 (48.0) 76 − 76 − − D : nominal outside diameter

1 219.2 (48.0) − 76 − 76 − − T, W : nominal assembled bearing width and


nominal overall width of outer rings (inner rings)

A 70 A 71
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-8 Tolerances for metric J series tapered roller bearings 1)


(1) Bore diameter and width of inner ring and assembled bearing width Unit : μm
Nominal bore Deviation of a single bore diameter Deviation of a single inner ring width Deviation of the actual bearing width Nominal bore
T
diameter 3 ds 3 Bs 3 Ts diameter
d d C
mm class PK class PN class PC class PB class PK class PN class PC class PB class PK class PN class PC class PB mm
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower over up to
10 18 0 − 12 0 − 12 0 − 7 0 − 5 0 − 100 0 − 50 0 − 200 0 − 200 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 10 18
18 30 0 − 12 0 − 12 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 − 100 0 − 50 0 − 200 0 − 200 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 18 30
B
30 50 0 − 12 0 − 12 0 − 10 0 − 8 0 − 100 0 − 50 0 − 200 0 − 200 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 30 50
50 80 0 − 15 0 − 15 0 − 12 0 − 9 0 − 150 0 − 50 0 − 300 0 − 300 + 200 0 + 100 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 50 80 uD ud
80 120 0 − 20 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 10 0 − 150 0 − 50 0 − 300 0 − 300 + 200 − 200 + 100 0 + 200 − 200 + 200 − 200 80 120
120 180 0 − 25 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 200 0 − 50 0 − 300 0 − 300 + 350 − 250 + 150 0 + 350 − 250 + 200 − 250 120 180
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 30 0 − 22 0 − 15 0 − 200 0 − 50 0 − 350 0 − 350 + 350 − 250 + 150 0 + 350 − 250 + 200 − 300 180 250
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 35 0 − 22 0 − 15 0 − 200 0 − 50 0 − 350 0 − 350 + 350 − 250 + 200 0 + 350 − 300 + 200 − 300 250 315

d : nominal bore diameter


D : nominal outside diameter
(2) Outside diameter and width of outer ring and radial runout of assembled bearing inner ring/
outer ring Unit : μm B : nominal inner ring width
C : nominal outer ring width
Nominal outside Deviation of a single outside diameter Deviation of a single outer ring width Radial runout of inner ring/outer ring Nominal outside
diameter 3 Ds 3 Cs Kia, Kea diameter T : nominal assembled bearing width
D D
mm class PK class PN class PC class PB class PK class PN class PC class PB class PK class PN class PC class PB mm
over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower max. max. max. max. over up to
18 30 0 − 12 0 − 12 0 − 8 0 − 6 0 − 150 0 − 100 0 − 150 0 − 150 18 18 5 3 18 30
30 50 0 − 14 0 − 14 0 − 9 0 − 7 0 − 150 0 − 100 0 − 150 0 − 150 20 20 6 3 30 50
50 80 0 − 16 0 − 16 0 − 11 0 − 9 0 − 150 0 − 100 0 − 150 0 − 150 25 25 6 4 50 80
80 120 0 − 18 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 10 0 − 200 0 − 100 0 − 200 0 − 200 35 35 6 4 80 120
120 150 0 − 20 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 11 0 − 200 0 − 100 0 − 200 0 − 200 40 40 7 4 120 150
150 180 0 − 25 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 13 0 − 200 0 − 100 0 − 250 0 − 250 45 45 8 4 150 180
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 30 0 − 20 0 − 15 0 − 250 0 − 100 0 − 250 0 − 250 50 50 10 5 180 250
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 35 0 − 25 0 − 18 0 − 250 0 − 100 0 − 300 0 − 300 60 60 11 5 250 315
315 400 0 − 40 0 − 40 0 − 28 − − 0 − 250 0 − 100 0 − 300 − − 70 70 13 − 315 400
[Note] 1) Bearings with supplementary code “J” attached at the front of bearing number
Ex. JHM720249/JHM720210, and the like

A 72 A 73
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-9 Tolerances for thrust ball bearings = JIS B 1514-2 =


(1) Shaft race and central race Unit : μm (3) Bearing height and central race height Unit : μm
Nominal bore Single plane mean bore diameter deviation Single plane bore Race raceway to back Single direction Double direction
diameter of shaft diameter variation face thickness variation Nominal bore
3 dmp or 3 d2mp Vdsp or Vd2sp Si 1) 2) Deviation of the actual Deviation of the actual Deviation of the actual Deviation of a single
or central race diameter
classes bearing height bearing height bearing height central race height B
d or d2, mm classes 0, 6, 5 class 4 class 4 class 0 class 6 class 5 class 4 d
0, 6, 5 3 Ts 3 T1s1) 3 T2s1) 3 Bs1)
mm
over up to upper lower upper lower max. max. class 0 class 0 class 0 class 0
− 18 0 − 8 0 − 7 6 5 10 5 3 2 over up to upper lower upper lower upper lower upper lower
18 30 0 − 10 0 − 8 8 6 10 5 3 2 − 30 0 − 75 + 50 − 150 0 − 75 0 − 50
30 50 0 − 12 0 − 10 9 8 10 6 3 2 30 50 0 − 100 + 75 − 200 0 − 100 0 − 75
50 80 0 − 15 0 − 12 11 9 10 7 4 3 50 80 0 − 125 + 100 − 250 0 − 125 0 − 100
80 120 0 − 20 0 − 15 15 11 15 8 4 3 80 120 0 − 150 + 125 − 300 0 − 150 0 − 125
120 180 0 − 25 0 − 18 19 14 15 9 5 4 120 180 0 − 175 + 150 − 350 0 − 175 0 − 150
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 22 23 17 20 10 5 4 180 250 0 − 200 + 175 − 400 0 − 200 0 − 175

250 315 0 − 35 0 − 25 26 19 25 13 7 5 250 315 0 − 225 + 200 − 450 0 − 225 0 − 200

315 400 0 − 40 0 − 30 30 23 30 15 7 5 315 400 0 − 300 + 250 − 600 0 − 300 0 − 250

400 500 0 − 45 0 − 35 34 26 30 18 9 6 [Note] 1) Double direction thrust ball bearings shall be included in d of single direction thrust ball bearings
of the same diameter series and nominal outside diameter.
500 630 0 − 50 0 − 40 38 30 35 21 11 7
[Remark] Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards.
630 800 0 − 75 0 − 50 55 40 40 25 13 8
800 1 000 0 − 100 − − 75 − 45 30 15 −
1 000 1 250 0 − 125 − − 95 − 50 35 18 − Table 7-10 Tolerances for spherical thrust roller bearings (class 0) = JIS B 1514-2 =
[Notes] 1) Double direction thrust ball bearings shall be included in d of single direction thrust ball bearings of (1) Shaft race Unit : μm
the same diameter series and nominal outside diameter. Single plane mean bore Single plane bore Refer.
2) Applies only to thrust ball bearings and cylindrical roller thrust bearings with 90° contact angle. Nominal bore diameter
diameter deviation diameter variation Actual bearing height deviation
d
mm
(2) Housing race Unit : μm 3 dmp Vdsp Sd 3 Ts
over up to upper lower max. max. upper lower
Single plane mean outside Single plane Race raceway to
Nominal outside diameter deviation outside diameter back face thickness
ud 50 80 0 − 15 11 25 + 150 − 150
diameter variation variation 80 120 0 − 20 15 25 + 200 − 200
D 3 Dmp VDsp Se1) 2)
mm 120 180 0 − 25 19 30 + 250 − 250
classes T
classes 0, 6, 5 class 4 0, 6, 5 class 4 classes 0, 6, 5, 4
180 250 0 − 30 23 30 + 300 − 300
over up to upper lower upper lower max. max. uD 250 315 0 − 35 26 35 + 350 − 350
10 18 0 − 11 0 − 7 8 5 315 400 0 − 40 30 40 + 400 − 400
18 30 0 − 13 0 − 8 10 6 400 500 0 − 45 34 45 + 450 − 450
30 50 0 − 16 0 − 9 12 7
Sd : perpendicularity of inner ring face with respect to the bore
50 80 0 − 19 0 − 11 14 8 B u d2 T1
T2 [Remark] Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards.
80 120 0 − 22 0 − 13 17 10
120 180 0 − 25 0 − 15 19 11 uD (2) Housing race Unit : μm
180 250 0 − 30 0 − 20 23 15 Shall conform to Single plane mean outside
Nominal outside diameter ud
the tolerance Si diameter deviation
250 315 0 − 35 0 − 25 26 19 d : shaft race nominal D, mm
on d or d2 of the 3 Dmp
315 400 0 − 40 0 − 28 30 21 same bearing bore diameter
over up to upper lower
400 500 0 − 45 0 − 33 34 25 d2 : central race nominal T
bore diameter 120 180 0 − 25
500 630 0 − 50 0 − 38 38 29 180 250 0 − 30
D : housing race nominal uD
630 800 0 − 75 0 − 45 55 34 outside diameter 250 315 0 − 35
800 1 000 0 − 100 0 − 60 75 45 B : central race nominal 315 400 0 − 40
height
1 000 1 250 0 − 125 − − 95 − 400 500 0 − 45
T : nominal bearing height d : shaft race nominal bore diameter
1 250 1 600 0 − 160 − − 120 − (single direction) 500 630 0 − 50 D : housing race nominal outside diameter
[Notes] 1) These shall be applied to race with flat back face only. T1 , T2 : nominal bearing height 630 800 0 − 75 T : nominal bearing height
2) Applies only to thrust ball bearings and cylindrical roller thrust bearings (double direction) 800 1 000 0 − 100
with 90° contact angle.
A 74 A 75
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-11 Tolerances and permissible values for tapered bores of radial bearings Table 7-12 Tolerances and permissible values for flanged radial ball bearings
(class 0 ⋅⋅⋅ JIS B 1514-1) (1) Tolerances on flange outside diameters Unit : μm

3 d1mp − 3 dmp Nominal outer ring flange outside diameter Deviation of single outer ring flange outside diameter, 3D1s
D1
2 (mm) Locating flange Non-locating flange

α α over up to upper lower upper lower


− 6 0 − 36 + 220 − 36
6 10 0 − 36 + 220 − 36
ud u d1 u (d + 3 dmp) u (d1 + 3 d1mp)
10 18 0 − 43 + 270 − 43
18 30 0 − 52 + 330 − 52
30 50 0 − 62 + 390 − 62
50 80 0 − 74 + 460 − 74
B B

Theoretical tapered bore Tapered bore with single plane


mean bore diameter deviation (2) Tolerances and permissible values on flange widths and permissible values of running
accuracies relating to flanges Unit : μm

(1) Basically tapered bore (taper 1:12) Unit : μm (2) Basically tapered bore (taper 1:30) Unit : μm Perpendicularity of outer ring outside surface Axial runout of assembled bearing
Nominal Deviation of Variation of outer ring with respect to the flange back face outer ring flange back face
outside single outer ring flange width
Nominal bore Nominal bore SD1 Sea1
3 dmp 3 d1mp − 3 dmp Vdsp1) 3 dmp 3 d1mp − 3 dmp Vdsp1) diameter flange width
diameter diameter Deep groove ball Tapered roller Deep groove ball Tapered roller
D 3C1s1) VC1s1) bearings and angular bearings and angular
d, mm d, mm contact ball bearings bearings contact ball bearings bearings
over up to upper lower upper lower max. over up to upper lower upper lower max. (mm)
classes 0, 6, 5, 4, 2 classes 0, 6 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 5 class 4 class 2 class 4 class 2
− 10 + 22 0 + 15 0 9 − 50 + 15 0 + 30 0 19
over up to upper lower max. max. max. max. max.
10 18 + 27 0 + 18 0 11 50 80 + 15 0 + 30 0 19
− 2.5 Shall con- Shall con- 5 2.5 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 1.5 11 7 3 7 4
18 30 + 33 0 + 21 0 13 80 120 + 20 0 + 35 0 22
2.5 6 form to the form to the 5 2.5 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 1.5 11 7 3 7 4
30 50 + 39 0 + 25 0 16 120 180 + 25 0 + 40 0 40
6 18 tolerance tolerance 5 2.5 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 1.5 11 7 3 7 4
50 80 + 46 0 + 30 0 19 180 250 + 30 0 + 46 0 46 3Bs on d of VBs on d of
80 120 + 54 0 + 35 0 22 250 315 + 35 0 + 52 0 52 18 30 the same the same 5 2.5 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 1.5 11 7 4 7 4
120 180 + 63 0 + 40 0 40 315 400 + 40 0 + 57 0 57 30 50 class and class and 5 2.5 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 2 11 7 4 7 4
50 80 the bearing the bearing 6 3 1.5 8 4 1.5 8 4 2.5 14 7 6 7 6
180 250 + 72 0 + 46 0 46 400 500 + 45 0 + 63 0 63
250 315 + 81 0 + 52 0 52 500 630 + 50 0 + 70 0 70 [Note] 1) These shall be applied to groove ball bearings, i.e. deep groove ball bearing and angular contact ball bearing etc.
315 400 + 89 0 + 57 0 57
400 500 + 97 0 + 63 0 63
500 630 + 110 0 + 70 0 70
630 800 + 125 0 + 80 0 −
800 1 000 + 140 0 + 90 0 − B
1 000 1 250 + 165 0 + 105 0 −
C1
1 250 1 600 + 195 0 + 125 0 −
[Note] 1) These shall be applied to all radial planes with tapered bore, not be applied to bearings of diameter series 7, 8.
[Remark] 1) Symbols of quantity d1 : reference diameter at theoretical large end of tapered bore d : nominal bore diameter
1 1
d1 = d + B or d1 = d + B D : nominal outside diameter
12 30
u D1 ud uD B : nominal assembled bearing width
3 dmp : single plane mean bore diameter deviation at theoretical small end of tapered bore
D1 : nominal outer ring flange outside diameter
3 d1mp : single plane mean bore diameter deviation at theoretical large end of tapered bore
C1 : nominal outer ring flange width
Vdsp : single plane bore diameter variation (a tolerance for the diameter variation given by
a maximum value applying in any radial plane of the bore)
B : nominal inner ring width
1
α : of nominal tapered angle of tapered bore
2
(tapered ratio 1/12) (tapered ratio 1/30)
α = 2°23′9.4″ α = 0°57′17.4″
= 2.385 94° = 0.954 84°
= 0.041 643 rad = 0.016 665 rad

A 76 A 77
7. Bearing tolerances

Table 7-13 Permissible values for chamfer dimensions = JIS B 1514-3 =


(1) Radial bearing (2) Radial bearings with locating snap ring (snap ring (4) Metric series tapered roller bearing (5) Thrust bearing
(tapered roller bearings excluded) groove side) and cylindrical roller bearings (separete
Unit : mm thrust collar and loose rib side) Unit : mm Unit : mm Unit : mm
Nominal bore diameter Nominal bore dia. or Nominal bore dia. or r max or r1 max
r min d r max or r1 max nominal outside dia. r1 max r min nominal outside dia.1) r max or r1 max r min or r1 min
Radial and axial direction
or mm r1 min d or D or d or D, mm
r1 min r1 min Radial Axial 0.05 0.1
over up to Radial Axial over up to Radial Axial over up to
direction direction direction direction direction direction 0.08 0.16
0.05 − − 0.1 0.2 0.2 − − 0.5 0.5 − 40 0.7 1.4
− 40 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.2
0.08 − − 0.16 0.3 0.3 40 − 0.9 1.6
40 − 0.8 0.8 0.15 0.3
0.1 − − 0.2 0.4 − 40 1 1.5 40 1.1 1.7
0.5 − 0.2 0.5
40 − 1.3 1.5 0.6
0.15 − − 0.3 0.6 − 40 1 1.5 40 − 1.3 2 0.3 0.8
0.6
0.2 − − 0.5 0.8 40 − 1.3 1.5
− 50 1.5 2.2 − 50 1.6 2.5 0.6 1.5
1 1
− 40 0.6 1 50 − 1.9 2.2 50 − 1.9 3 1 2.2
0.3 − 120 2 2.7
40 − 0.8 1 1.1
− 120 2.3 3 1.1 2.7
120 − 2.5 2.7
− 40 1 2 − 120 2.3 3.5 1.5 3.5
0.6 1.5 1.5 120 250 2.8 3.5
120 − 3 3.5
40 − 1.3 2 2 4
− 80 3 4 250 − 3.5 4
− 50 1.5 3 2 80 220 3.5 4 2.1 4.5
1 220 − 3.8 4 − 120 2.8 4
50 − 1.9 3 3 5.5
− 280 4 4.5 2 120 250 3.5 4.5
2.1
− 120 2 3.5 280 − 4.5 4.5 4 6.5
1.1 − 100 3.8 5 250 − 4 5
120 − 2.5 4 2.5 5 8
100 280 4.5 5
− 120 3.5 5
− 120 2.3 4 280 − 5 5 6 10
1.5 − 280 5 5.5 2.5 120 250 4 5.5
120 − 3 5 3 7.5 12.5
280 − 5.5 5.5
250 − 4.5 6
− 80 3 4.5 4 − − 6.5 6.5 9.5 15
5 − − 8 8 − 120 4 5.5
2 80 220 3.5 5 6 − − 10 10 12 18
220 − 3.8 6 120 250 4.5 6.5 15 21
[Remark] There shall be no specification for the accuracy of the 3
shape of the chamfer surface, but its outline in the 250 400 5 7
− 280 4 6.5 axial plane shall not be situated outside of the imagi- 19 25
2.1 nary circle arc with a radius of r1 min which contacts the
280 − 4.5 7 400 − 5.5 7.5
inner ring side face and bore, or the outer ring side [Remark] There shall be no specification for the accuracy
− 100 3.8 6 face and outside surface. − 120 5 7
of the shape of the chamfer surface, but its
2.5 100 280 4.5 6 120 250 5.5 7.5 outline in the axial plane shall not be situated
(3) Cylindrical roller bearings (non-rib side) 4
280 − 5 7 250 400 6 8 outside of the imaginary circle arc with a radius
and angular contact ball bearings of r min or r1 min which contacts with the shaft
− 280 5 8 400 − 6.5 8.5
3 (front face side) Unit : mm or central race back face and bore, or the
280 − 5.5 8 − 180 6.5 8
Nominal bore dia. or 5 housing race back face and outside surface.
4 − − 6.5 9 nominal outside dia. r1 max 180 − 7.5 9
5 − − 8 10 r1 min d or D
− 180 7.5 10
6 − − 10 13 over up to Radial Axial 6 Inner or outer ring
direction direction 180 − 9 11 side face (radial bearing)
7.5 − − 12.5 17 0.1 − − 0.2 0.4 Shaft, central or housing
7.5 − − 12.5 17
0.15 − − 0.3 0.6 race back face (thrust bearing)
9.5 − − 15 19
0.2 − − 0.5 0.8 9.5 − − 15 19
12 − − 18 24 0.3 − 40 0.6 1

rm
40 − 0.8 1 [Note] 1) Inner ring shall be included in division d, and
15 − − 21 30

in
or
− 40 1 2
0.6 outer ring, in division D. Radial

r
19 − − 25 38 40 − 1.3 2

1
B

m
− 50 1.5 3 [Remarks] direction

in
1 A
[Remarks] 50 − 1.9 3 1. There shall be no specification for the accuracy of the
− 120 2 3.5 Bore or outside
1. Value of r max or r1 max in the axial direction of bearings 1.1 shape of the chamfer surface, but its outline in the axial
120 − 2.5 4 surface A
with nominal width lower than 2 mm shall be the same − 120 2.3 4 plane shall not be situated outside of the imaginary cir-
1.5
120 − 3 5 cle arc with a radius of r min or r1 min which contacts the B
as the value in radial direction.
− 80 3 4.5
2. There shall be no specification for the accuracy of the 2 80 220 3.5 5 inner ring back face and bore, or the outer ring back
220 − 3.8 6 face and outside surface. Axial direction
shape of the chamfer surface, but its outline in the axial
plane shall not be situated outside of the imaginary cir- [Remark] There shall be no specification for the accuracy of the 2. Values in Italics are provided in JTEKT standards.
shape of the chamfer surface, but its outline in the
cle arc with a radius of r min or r1 min which contacts the axial plane shall not be situated outside of the imagi- A : r min or r1 min
nary circle arc with a radius of r1 min which contacts the B : r max or r1 max
inner ring side face and bore, or the outer ring side face inner ring side face and bore, or the outer ring side
and outside surface. face and outside surface.
A 78 A 79
7. Bearing tolerances

7-2 Tolerance measuring method (reference) Dimensional accuracy (2)

The details on measuring methods for Roller set bore Deviation of the roller set bore diameter ;
diameter 3 Fw = (dG + δ 1m) − Fw
bearings are prescribed in JIS B 1515-2. Measuring
( Fw) load Deviation of the minimum diameter of the roller
This section outlines measuring methods for set bore diameter ;
dimensional and running accuracy. 3 Fw min = (dG + δ 1min) − Fw
(dG) outside diameter of the master gauge
Dimensional accuracy (1) Master gauge (δ 1m) arithmetical mean value of the amount
of movement of the outer ring
Bore diameter Obtain the maximum value (dsp max) and the minimum value (dsp min) of the bore diameter (ds) (δ 1min) minimum value of the amount of
(d) acquired in a single radial plane. movement of the outer ring
Cylindrical bore Obtain the single plane mean bore diameter (dmp) as the arithmetic mean value of the
maximum value (dsp max) and minimum values (dsp min). Roller set out- Deviation of the roller set outside diameter ;
bearings Measuring
side diameter 3 Ew = (DG + δ 2m) − Ew
dsp max + dsp min load
dmp = ( Ew)
2 (DG) bore diameter of the master gauge
1.2r max

(δ 2m) arithmetical mean value of the amount of


Single plane mean bore diameter deviation ;
Master gauge movement of the master gauge
3 dmp = dmp − d
Bore diameter variation in a single plane ;
Vdsp = dsp max − dsp min Inner ring width Deviation of a single Deviation of a single
Mean bore diameter variation ; inner ring width ; outer ring width ;
(B)
1.2r max

Vdmp = dmp max − dmp min 3 Bs = Bs − B 3 Cs = Cs − C


Deviation of a single bore diameter ; Inner ring width variation ; Outer ring width variation ;
3 ds = ds − d Outer ring width VBs = Bs max − Bs min VCs = Cs max − Cs min
(C)
Bore diameter Bore diameter at the theoretical small end and
(d) bore diameter at the theoretical large end ; Ring supports Ring supports
Tapered bore d ⋅ h − das ⋅ hb (3 places on circumference) (3 places on circumference)
bearings u d1s ds = bs a
ha − hb Assembled
u das das (B − hb) − dbs (B − ha) bearing width Deviation of the actual bearing width ; 3 Ts = Ts − T
Radial plane a d1s = Disc master
ha − hb of tapered roller
B ha Single plane mean bore diameter deviation at the bearing
u dbs
Radial plane b theoretical small end ; (T)
hb 3 dmp = dmp − d
Deviation on taper ;
u ds (3 d1mp − 3 dmp) = (d1mp − d1) − (dmp − d)
Bore diameter variation in a single plane ;
Nominal Deviation of the actual Deviation of the actual
Vdsp = dsp max − dsp min
effective width effective width of inner effective width of outer
of tapered roller sub-unit ; 3 T1s = T1s − T1 ring ; 3 T2s = T2s − T2
Outside diameter Obtain the single plane mean outside diameter (Dmp) as the arithmetical mean value of the bearing
maximum value (Dsp max) and the minimum value (Dsp min) of the outside diameters (Ds) Disc master Master outer ring Disc master
(D) ( T1, T2 )
acquired in a single radial plane.
Master inner sub-unit
Dsp max + Dsp min
Dmp =
2
1.2r max

Single plane mean outside diameter deviation ; Nominal height


3 Dmp = Dmp − D of thrust ball Disc master
Outside diameter variation in a single plane ; bearing with
Disc master Deviation of the actual bearing height ;
VDsp = Dsp max − Dsp min flat back face 3 Ts = Ts − T (single direction)
Mean outside diameter variation ;
( T, T1 ) 3 T1s = T1s − T1 (double direction)
1.2r max

VDmp = Dmp max − Dmp min


Deviation of a single outside diameter ;
3 Ds = Ds − D

A 80 A 81
7. Bearing tolerances

Running accuracy (1) Running accuracy (2)

Radial runout of Weight for Weight for Perpendicularity


measuring load measuring load The radial runout of the inner ring (Kia)
assembled bear- of inner ring face Perpendicularity of inner ring face
shall be obtained as the difference
ing inner ring with respect to (Sd) shall be obtained as the
between the maximum value and the
the bore difference between the maximum
( Kia ) minimum value of the readings of the
( Sd ) value and the minimum value of
measuring instrument, when the inner ring
the readings of the measuring
has been rotated through one rotation.
instrument, when the inner ring
has been rotated through one
Guide stoppers rotation with the tapered arbor.
[Note]
The measurement of the radial runout of
the inner ring of cylindrical roller bearings,
Ring machined ring needle roller bearings, self-
supports aligning ball bearings and spherical roller
bearings shall be carried out by fixing the Perpendicularity
outer ring with ring supports. of outer ring Perpendicularity of outer ring
outside surface outside surface (SD) shall be

1.2r max
with respect to obtained as the difference bet-
Radial runout of Weight for measuring load The measurement of outer ring runout the face ween the maximum value and
Weight for measuring load (Kea) shall be obtained as the difference the minimum value of the read-
assembled bear- ( SD )
ing outer ring between the maximum value and the ings of the measuring instru-
( Kea ) minimum value of the readings of the ment, when the outer ring has
measuring instrument, when the outer ring been rotated through one rota-

1.2r max
has been rotated through one rotation. Guide stoppers tion along the guide stopper.

[Note]
Guide stoppers The measurement of the radial
runout of the outer ring of
cylindrical roller bearings, ma- Shaft/central The measurement of the thickness
chined ring needle roller bear- race raceway variation (Si) of shaft race race-
ings, self-aligning ball bearings to back face way track shall be obtained as the
and spherical roller bearings thickness varia- difference between the maximum
shall be carried out by fixing tion of thrust value and the minimum value of the
Guide Guide
the inner ring with ring sup- ball bearing with Stoppers readings of the measuring instru-
(When inner ring is not fitted.) Stoppers
Ring supports ports. flat back face ment, when the shaft race has been
Race
( Si ) Race supports rotated through one rotation along
Axial runout of Weight for supports
measuring load The axial runout of the inner ring (Sia) the guide stopper. For the central
assembled
shall be obtained as the difference race, carry out the same measure-
bearing inner
between the maximum value and the ment for the two raceway grooves
ring
minimum value of the readings of the to obtain the thickness variation of
( Sia ) (Shaft race) (Central race)
measuring instrument, when the inner the raceway track (Si).
ring has been rotated through one
rotation. Housing race
raceway to back The measurement of the thick-
face thickness ness variation (Se) of housing
variation of race raceway track shall be
Axial runout of The axial runout of the outer ring thrust ball bear- obtained as the difference bet-
assembled Weight for Weight for (Sea) shall be obtained as the ing with flat ween the maximum value and the
bearing outer measuring load measuring load difference between the maximum back face minimum value of the readings
ring Guide of the measuring instrument,
value and the minimum value of the ( Se) Race
Stoppers
( Sea ) readings of the measuring instrument, supports when the housing race has been
when the outer ring has been rotated rotated through one rotation along
through one rotation. the guide stopper.

A 82 A 83
8. Limiting speed
The rotational speed of a bearing is normally 8-1 Correction of limiting speed 8-2 Limiting speed for 8-4 Frictional coefficient (reference)
affected by friction heat generated in the sealed ball bearings
bearing. If the heat exceeds a certain amount, When the load condition is C/P < 16*, i.e. The frictional moment of rolling bearings can
seizure or other failures occur, thus causing the dynamic equivalent load P exceeds approxi- The limiting speed of ball bearings with a be easily compared with that of plain bearings.
rotation to be discontinued. mately 6* % of basic dynamic load rating C, or contact seal (RS, RK type) are determined by The frictional moment of rolling bearings can be
The limiting speed is the highest speed at when a combined load in which the axial load is the rubbing speed at which the seal contacts obtained from their bore diameter, using the fol-
which a bearing can continuously operate greater than 25 % of radial load is applied, the the inner ring. These allowable rubbing speeds lowing equation :
without generating such critical heat. limiting speed should be corrected by using differ depending on seal rubber materials; and,
The limiting speed differs depending on vari- equation (8-1) : for ball bearings with the Koyo standard contact d
ous factors including bearing type, dimensions type seal (NBR), a rubbing speed of 15 m/s is M= lP ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (8-2)
2
and their accuracy, lubrication, lubricant type utilized.
and amount, shapes of cages and materials and na = f 1 á f 2 á n ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (8-1)
where :
load conditions, etc. 8-3 Considerations for high speed M : frictional moment mN · m
where : l : frictional coefficient
The limiting speed determined under grease When bearings are used for high speed, P : load on the bearing N
na : corrected limiting speed min−1
lubrication and oil lubrication (oil bath) for each especially when the rotation speed approaches d : nominal bore diameter mm
bearing type are listed in the bearing f1 : correction coefficient determined
the limiting speed or exceeds it, the following
specification table. from the load magnitude (Fig. 8-1)
should be considered :
These speeds are applied when bearings of f2 : correction coefficient determined The friction coefficient is greatly dependent
(for further information on high speed, consult
standard design are rotated under normal load from combined load (Fig. 8-2) on bearing type, bearing load, rotation speed
with JTEKT)
conditions (approximately,C/P ³ 16*, n : limiting speed under normal load and lubrication, etc.
Fa /Fr ² 0.25). condition min−1 (1) Use of high precision bearings Reference values for the friction coefficient
Each lubricant has superior performance in (values in the bearing specification table) (2) Study of proper internal clearance during stable operation under normal operating
use, according to type. C : basic dynamic load rating N Reduction in internal clearance caused conditions are listed in Table 8-1.
Some are not suitable for high speed ; when P : dynamic equivalent load N by temperature increase should be For plain bearings, the value is normally 0.01
bearing rotational speed exceeds 80 % of cata- Fr : radial load N considered. to 0.02 ; but, for certain cases, it is 0.1 to 0.2.
log specification, consult with JTEKT. Fa : axial load N (3) Selection of proper cage type and
materials Table 8-1 Friction coefficient l
1 * 13 (8 %) for K type bearings and railway For high speed, copper alloy or phenolic
Friction
0.9 rolling stock axle journals resin machined cages are suitable. Bearing type
coefficient l
0.8 Synthetic resin molded cages for high
f1 speed are also available. Deep groove ball bearing 0.001 0 − 0.001 5
0.7
1 (4) Selection of proper lubrication Angular contact ball bearing 0.001 2 − 0.002 0
0.6
Angular contact Suitable lubrication for high speed Self-aligning ball bearing 0.000 8 − 0.001 2
0.5 ball bearing should be selected jet lubrication, oil mist
5 6 7 8 9 10111213141516171819 Cylindrical roller bearing 0.000 8 − 0.001 2
lubrication and oil air lubrication, etc.
C 0.9 Full complement type
0.002 5 − 0.003 5
P Deep groove needle roller bearing
Fig. 8-1a Values of correction coefficient ball bearing Needle roller and cage assembly 0.002 0 − 0.003 0
f1 of load magnitude f2 0.8 Tapered roller bearing 0.001 7 − 0.002 5
(Excludes K type bearings and
railway rolling stock axle journals) Spherical roller bearing 0.002 0 − 0.002 5
Thrust ball bearing 0.001 0 − 0.001 5
1
0.7 Spherical thrust roller bearing 0.002 0 − 0.002 5
0.9
0.8
f1 Tapered roller bearing
0.7 Spherical roller bearing
0.6
0.6 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
0.5 Fa
4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Fr
C
P Fig. 8-2 Values of correction coefficient
Fig. 8-1b Values of correction coefficient f2 of combined load
f1 of load magnitude
(K type bearings and railway
rolling stock axle journals)
A 84 A 85
9. Bearing fits
9-1 Purpose of fit 9-2 Tolerance and fit 9-3 Fit selection In view of these considerations, the following
paragraphs explain the details of the important
The purpose of fit is to securely fix the inner
for shaft & housing In selecting the proper fit, careful factors in fit selection.
or outer ring to the shaft or housing, to preclude consideration should be given to bearing
For metric series bearings, tolerances for the 1) Load characteristics
detrimental circumferential sliding on the fitting operating conditions.
shaft diameter and housing bore diameter are
surface. Major specific considerations are : Load characteristics are classified into three
standardized in JIS B 0401-1 and 0401-2 "ISO
Such detrimental sliding (referred to as *Load characteristics and magnitude types : rotating inner ring load; rotating outer
system of limits and fits - Part 1 and Part 2"
"creep") will cause abnormal heat generation, *Temperature distribution in operating ring load and indeterminate direction load.
(based on ISO 286; shown in Appendixes at the
wear of the fitting surface, infiltration of abrasion *Bearing internal clearance Table 9-1 tabulates the relationship between
back of this catalogue). Bearing fits on the shaft
metal particles into the bearing, vibration, and *Surface finish, material and thickness of these characteristics and fit.
and housing are determined based on the toler-
many other harmful effects, which cause a shaft and housing
ances specified in the above standard.
deterioration of bearing functions. *Mounting and dismounting methods
Fig. 9-1 shows the relationship between
Therefore, it is necessary to fix the bearing *Necessity to compensate for shaft thermal
tolerances for shaft and housing bore diameters
ring which is rotating under load to the shaft or expansion at the fitting surface
and fits for bearings of class 0 tolerance.
housing with interference. *Bearing type and size

Table 9-1 Load characteristics and fits


Fit
Rotation pattern Direction of load Loading conditions Typical application
Inner ring & shaft Outer ring & housing
F7
Inner ring :
Spur gear
rotating
Interference fit Stationary boxes,
G6 G7
Outer ring : Rotating motors
H6 H7 H8 stationary Interference Clearance fit
JS6 JS7 inner ring load
fit necessary acceptable
K6 K7
Stationary
M6 M7
3 Dmp Inner ring : Rotating outer ring load (k, m, n, p, r) (F, G, H, JS) Greatly
N7 Single plane stationary with unbal-
mean outside
P7 diameter outer anced
Clearance fit Transition fit Outer ring : ring
deviation wheels
(Snug fit) rotating

p6
Clearance fit Transition fit n6 Inner ring : Running
stationary wheels &
(Snug fit) m5 m6 Stationary
pulleys with
k5 k6
Outer ring : stationary
js5 Stationary
h5 h6 h7 js6 rotating Clearance fit Interference shaft
inner ring load
g5 g6 3 dmp acceptable fit necessary
JIS bearing
tolerance Single plane
Interference fit Rotating
class 0 mean bore (f, g, h, js) (K, M, N, P)
f6 Inner ring : Rotating outer ring load Shaker
diameter
deviation rotating screens
with
inner (unbalanced
Outer ring : vibration)
ring
stationary
Fig. 9-1 Relationship between tolerances for shaft/housing bore diameters and fits
Indeterminate Indeterminate
Rotating or stationary Interference fit Interference fit Cranks
(bearings of class 0 tolerance) direction load

A 86 A 87
9. Bearing fits

2) Effect of load magnitude 4) Effect of temperature 5) Maximum stress due to fit 6) Other considerations
When a radial load is applied, the inner ring A bearing generally has an operating temper- When a bearing is fitted with interference, the When a high degree of accuracy is required,
will expand slightly. Since this expansion ature, higher than the ambient temperature. bearing ring will expand or contract, generating the tolerance of the shaft and housing must be
enlarges the circumference of the bore When the inner ring operates under load, its internal stress. improved. Since the housing is generally less
minutely, the initial interference is reduced. temperature generally becomes higher than that Should this stress be excessive, the bearing easy to machine precisely than the shaft, it is
The reduction can be calculated by the of the shaft and the effective interference ring may fracture. advisable to use a clearance fit on the outer
following equations : decreases due to the greater thermal expansion The maximum bearing fitting-generated ring.
of the inner ring. stress is determined by the equation in Table With hollow shafts or thin section housings,
[In the case of Fr ² 0.25 C0] If the assumed temperature difference 9-2. greater than normal interference is needed.
between the bearing inside and surrounding In general, to avoid fracture, it is best to With split housings, on the other hand,
3 dF = 0.08
d smaller interference with outer ring is needed.
á Fr × 10 −3 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (9-1) housing is 3 t , the temperature difference at the adjust the maximum interference to less than
B
fitting surfaces of the inner ring and shaft will be 1/1 000 of the shaft diameter, or the maximum When the housing is made of aluminum or
[In the case of Fr > 0.25 C0] approximately (0.10 to 0.15) × 3 t . stress (σ), determined by the equation in Table other light metal alloy, relatively greater than
The reduction of interference (3 dt) due to 9-2, should be less than 120 MPa. normal interference is needed.
3 dF = 0.02
Fr
× 10 −3 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (9-2) temperature difference is then expressed as fol- In such a case, consult with JTEKT.
B
lows :
where:
3 dF : reduction of inner ring interference mm 3 dt = (0.10 to 0.15) 3 t á α á d
d : nominal bore diameter of bearing mm
B : nominal inner ring width mm Å 0.001 5 3 t á d × 10 −3 ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (9-5)
Fr : radial load N Table 9-2 Maximum fitting-generated stress in bearings
C0 : basic static load rating N where: Shaft & inner ring Housing bore & outer ring
3 dt : reduction of interference due to
Consequently, when the radial load, exceeds temperature difference mm (In the case of hollow shaft) (In the case of Dh ≠ ∞)
the C0 value by more than 25 %, greater 3 t : temperature difference between d 02 d2 D2
the inside of the bearing and the 1− 1+ 1−
interference is needed. E 3 deff d2 Di2 3 Dh2
Much greater interference is needed, when surrounding housing °C σ= á á σ = E á Deff á
2 d d 02 D De2
impact loads are expected. α : linear expansion coefficient of 1− 1−
bearing steel (Å 12.5 × 10 −6) 1/°C Di2 Dh2
d : nominal bore diameter of bearing mm (In the case of solid shaft) (In the case of Dh = ∞)
3) Effect of fitting surface roughness E 3 deff d 2
σ =Eá
3 Deff
σ= á á 1+ D
The effective interference obtained after fit- Consequently, when a bearing is higher in 2 d Di2
ting differs from calculated interference due to temperature than the shaft, greater interference
plastic deformation of the ring fitting surface. is required. where :
σ : maximum stress MPa De : raceway contact diameter of outer ring mm
When the inner ring is fitted, the effective inter- However, a difference in temperature or in the
ference, subject to the effect of the fitting sur- coefficient of expansion may sometimes d : nominal bore diameter ball bearing ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ De Å 0.2 (4D + d)
face finish, can be approximated by the increase the interference between outer ring (shaft diameter) mm roller bearing ⋅⋅⋅ De Å 0.25 (3D + d)
following equations : and housing. Therefore, when clearance is pro-
Di : raceway contact diameter of inner ring mm D : nominal outside diameter
vided to accommodate shaft thermal expansion,
[In the case of a ground shaft] care should be taken. ball bearing ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ Di Å 0.2 (D + 4 d) (bore diameter of housing) mm
d roller bearing ⋅⋅⋅ Di Å 0.25 (D + 3 d) 3 Deff : effective interference of outer ring mm
3 deff Å 3 d ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (9-3)
d+2 3 deff : effective interference of inner ring mm Dh : outside diameter of housing mm
[In the case of a turned shaft] d 0 : bore diameter of hollow shaft mm E : young's modulus 2.08 × 105 MPa
d
3 deff Å 3 d ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (9-4) [Remark] The above equations are applicable when the shaft and housing are steel.
d+3
When other materials are used, JTEKT should be consulted.
where:
3 deff : effective interference mm
3 d : calculated interference mm
d : nominal bore diameter of bearing mm

A 88 A 89
9. Bearing fits

9-4 Recommended fits Past experience is also valuable. Table 9-4 (1) Recommended shaft fits for radial bearings (classes 0, 6X, 6)
Table 9-3 shows standard fits for the metric
Cylindrical
As described in Section 9-3, the characteris- series bearings; Tables 9-4 to 9-8 tabulate the roller bearing Spherical roller Class of
tics / magnitude of the bearing load, tempera- most typical and recommended fits for different Ball bearing Applications
Tapered bearing shaft
ture, mounting / dismounting methods and other bearings types. Conditions 1) roller bearing tolerance
Remarks (for refer-
conditions must be considered to choose proper ence)
Shaft diameter (mm) range
fits. over up to over up to over up to
Table 9-3 Standard fits for metric series bearings 1)
Cylindrical bore bearing (classes 0, 6X, 6)
(1) Fits for bore diameter 2) of radial bearings
Electric
− 18 − − − − h5 For applications requir- appliances,
Rotating inner ring load or indeterminate direction load Stationary inner ring load Light load or 18 100 − 40 − − js 6 ing high accuracy, js 5,k machine
Class of bearing fluctuating load
Class of shaft tolerance range 100 200 40 140 − − k6 5 and m 5 should be tools,
Pr used in place of js 6, k 6 pumps,
m6 k6 js 6 h6 g6 ² 0.05
Classes 0, 6X, 6 r6 p6 n6 h5 f6 Cr and m 6. blowers,
m5 k5 js 5 h5 g5 − − 140 200 − − m6
carriers etc.

indeterminate direction load


Class 5 − − − m5 k4 js 4 h4 h5 − −

Rotating inner ring load or


− 18 − − − − js 5 Electric
Fit Interference fit Transition fit Clearance fit For single-row tapered motors,
18 100 − 40 − 40 k5
roller bearings and angu- turbines,
Normal load 100 140 40 100 40 65 m5 lar contact ball bearings, internal
(2) Fits for outside diameter 2) of radial bearings Pr k 5 and m 5 may be combustion
0.05< ² 0.10
Cr 140 200 100 140 65 100 m6 replaced by k 6 and m 6, engines,
Stationary outer ring load Indeterminate direction load or rotating outer ring load 200 280 140 200 100 140 n6 because internal clear- wood-
Class of bearing ance reduction due to fit working
Class of housing bore tolerance range − − 200 400 140 280 p6
need not be considered. machines
− − − − 280 500 r6
H7 JS 7 JS 7 K7 M7 N7 etc.
Classes 0, 6X, 6 G7 H6 JS 6 − JS 6 K6 M6 N6
P7
Heavy load or Railway
Class 5 − H5 JS 5 K5 − K5 M5 − − − − 50 140 50 100 n6 Bearings with larger rolling
impact load stock axle
Fit Clearance fit Transition fit Interference fit − − 140 200 100 140 p6 internal clearance than
Pr journals,
> 0.10 − − 200 − 140 200 r6 standard are required. traction
Cr
motors
(3) Fits for bore diameter 2) of thrust bearings For applications requir-
ing high accuracy, g 5
Combined load (in the case of spherical thrust roller bearing) Inner ring needs to Stationary
should be used.
Central axial load move smoothly on All shaft diameters g6 shaft
For large size bearing, f

inner ring load


(generally for thrust bearings) Rotating shaft race load or Stationary shaft shaft. wheels
Class of bearing 6 may be used for easier
indeterminate direction load race load

Stationary
movement.
Class of shaft tolerance range
Tension
Classes 0, 6 js 6 h6 n6 m6 k6 js 6 Inner ring does not For applications requir- pulleys,
Fit Transition fit Interference fit Transition fit need to move All shaft diameters h6 ing high accuracy, h 5 rope
smoothly on shaft. should be used. sheaves
etc.
(4) Fits for outside diameter 2) of thrust bearings Central axial load only All shaft diameters js 6 −

Combined load (in the case of spherical thrust roller bearing) Tapered bore bearing (class 0) (with adapter or withdrawal sleeve)
Central axial load −
(generally for thrust bearings) Stationary housing race load or Rotating housing For transmission shafts,
Class of bearing
indeterminate direction load race load All loads All shaft diameters h 9/IT 5 2)
h 10/IT 7 2) may be applied.
Class of housing bore tolerance range
[Notes] 1) Light, normal, and heavy loads refer to those with dynamic equivalent radial loads (Pr) of 5 % or lower, over 5 % up
Classes 0, 6 − H8 G7 H7 JS 7 K7 M7
to 10 % inclusive, and over 10 % respectively in relation to the basic dynamic radial load rating (Cr) of the bearing
Fit Clearance fit Transition fit concerned.
2) IT 5 and IT 7 mean that shaft roundness tolerance, cylindricity tolerance, and other errors in terms of shape should
[Notes] 1) Bearings specified in JIS B 1512 be within the tolerance range of IT 5 and IT 7, respectively. For numerical values for standard tolerance grades IT
2) Follow JIS B 1514-1 and 1514-2 for tolerance. 5 and IT 7, refer to supplementary table at end of this catalog.
[Remark] This table is applicable to solid steel shafts.

A 90 A 91
9. Bearing fits

Table 9-4 (2) Recommended housing fits for radial bearings (classes 0, 6X, 6) Table 9-5 (1) Recommended shaft fits for precision extra-small/miniature
ball bearings (d < 10 mm)
Conditions
Class of hous- Unit : μm
Outer ring Applications
ing bore toler- Remarks Single plane Shaft diameter
Housing Load type etc.1) axial (for reference) Bearing mean bore
ance range dimensional
displacement 2) Load type tolerance diameter tolerance Fit 1) Applications
class deviation 3dmp
G 7 may be applied
Ordinary bearing upper lower upper lower
when a large size
devices, ABMA 5P 0
bearing is used, or if Middle/high − 5.1 7.6T − 2.5L Gyro rotors,
All load railway rolling stock + 2.5 − 2.5
H7 the temperature differ- speed JIS class 5 0 −5 7.5T − 2.5L air cleaners,
types axle boxes, power
ence is large between Light or ABMA 7P 0 − 5.1 7.6T − 2.5L electric tools,
transmission equip- + 2.5 − 2.5
the outer ring and Rotating normal load −4 encoders
ment etc. JIS class 4 0 6.5T − 2.5L
housing. inner
One-piece ring load ABMA 5P 0 − 5.1 2.6T − 7.5L Gyro gimbals,
Light or Easily − 2.5 − 7.5
or H8 − Low speed JIS class 5 0 −5 2.5T − 7.5L synchronizers,
normal load displaceable
split type Light load ABMA 7P 0 − 5.1 2.6T − 7.5L servomotors,
F 7 may be applied − 2.5 − 7.5 floppy disc spindles
JIS class 4 0 −4 1.5T − 7.5L
when a large size
Stationary High temperature bearing is used, or if ABMA 5P 0 − 5.1 2.6T − 7.5L
Drying cylinders Rotating Low to − 2.5 − 7.5 Pinch rolls,
outer at shaft and inner G7 the temperature differ- JIS class 5 0 −5 2.5T − 7.5L
ring load etc. outer high speed tape guide rollers,
ring ence is large between ring load Light load ABMA 7P 0 − 5.1 2.6T − 7.5L linear actuators
the outer ring and − 2.5 − 7.5
JIS class 4 0 −4 1.5T − 7.5L
housing.
[Note] 1) Symbols T and L means interference and clearance respectively.
Light or Not
Mainly applied to
normal load, displaceable K6
roller bearings.
requiring in principle
Table 9-5 (2) Recommended housing fits for precision extra-small/miniature
high running Mainly applied to
Displaceable JS 6 ball bearings (D ² 30 mm)
accuracy ball bearings.
Unit : μm
Requiring
Easily Single plane Housing bore
low-noise H6 −
displaceable Bearing mean outside diameter
rotation
Load type tolerance diameter dimensional Fit 1) Applications
Light or Normally For applications deviation 3Dmp tolerance
JS 7 Electric motors, class
normal load displaceable requiring high
pumps, upper lower upper lower
Not accuracy, JS 6 and K
Indeterminate Normal or crankshaft main ABMA 5P
displaceable K7 6 should be used in 0 − 5.1 + 5 0 0 − 10.1L
direction load heavy load bearings etc. Middle/high ABMA 7P
One-piece in principle place of JS 7 and K 7. Gyro rotors,
speed
type 0 −5 0 − 10 L air cleaners,
High impact Not Traction motors JIS class 52) + 5 0
electric tools,
M7 − 0 −6 0 − 11 L
load displaceable etc. Light or
encoders
normal load 0 −4 0− 9 L
Light or Conveyor rollers, Rotating JIS class 42) + 5 0
0 −5 0 − 10 L
fluctuating M7 − ropeways, inner
load tension pulleys etc. ring load ABMA 5P
0 − 5.1 + 2.5 − 2.5 2.5T − 7.6L
ABMA 7P
Normal or Mainly applied to Wheel hubs with Gyro gimbals,
N7 Low speed
Rotating heavy load ball bearings. ball bearings etc. 0 −5 2.5T − 7.5L synchronizers,
Not JIS class 52) + 2.5 − 2.5
servomotors,
outer 0 −6 2.5T − 8.5L
displaceable Wheel hubs with Light load
ring load floppy disc spindles
Thin section roller bearings, 0 − 4 2.5T − 6.5L
JIS class 42) + 2.5 − 2.5
housing, Mainly applied to bearings for 0 −5 2.5T − 7.5L
P7
heavy or high roller bearings. large end of ABMA 5P
impact load connecting rods 0 − 5.1 + 2.5 − 2.5 2.5T − 7.6L
ABMA 7P
etc. Low to
Rotating
high speed 0 −5 2.5T − 7.5L Pinch rolls,
[Notes] 1) Loads are classified as stated in Note 1) to Table 9-4 (1).
outer JIS class 52) + 2.5 − 2.5
tape guide rollers
0 −6 2.5T − 8.5L
ring load
2) Indicating distinction between applications of non-separable bearings permitting and not permitting axial Light load
displacement of the outer rings. 0 −4 2.5T − 6.5L
JIS class 42) + 2.5 − 2.5
0 −5 2.5T − 7.5L
[Remarks] 1. This table is applicable to cast iron or steel housings.
2. If only central axial load is applied to the bearing, select such tolerance range class as to provide clearance in [Notes] 1) Symbols T and L means interference and clearance respectively.
the radial direction for outer ring. 2) In the columns "single plane mean outside diameter deviation" and "fit" upper row values are applied in the case of
D ² 18 mm, lower row values in the case of 18 < D ² 30 mm.

A 92 A 93
9. Bearing fits

Table 9-6 (1) Recommended shaft fits for metric J series tapered roller bearings Table 9-6 (2) Recommended housing fits for metric J series tapered roller bearings
■ Bearing tolerance : class PK, class PN ■ Bearing tolerance : class PK, class PN
Nominal bore Nominal outside Class of
diameter diameter
Class of shaft housing bore
Load type d Remarks Load type D Remarks
mm tolerance range mm diameter
over up to over up to tolerance range
10 120 m6
Normal load Used for free or 18 315 G7 Outer ring is easily displaceable in
120 500 n6 fixed side 315 400 F6 axial direction.
Rotating
10 120 n6 Position of outer ring
inner ring Heavy load Rotating
120 180 p6 Generally, bearing internal clearance Outer ring is displaceable in
load inner ring is adjustable 18 400 J7
Impact load axial direction.
180 250 r6 should be larger than standard. load (in axial direction)
High speed rotation
250 500 r7 Position of outer ring
is not adjustable 18 400 P7 Outer ring is fixed in axial direction.
Normal load
80 315 h 6 or g 6 (in axial direction)
without impact
Rotating
10 120 n6 Rotating Position of outer ring 18 120
outer ring Heavy load
120 180 p6 Generally, bearing internal clearance outer ring is not adjustable 120 180 R7 Outer ring is fixed in axial direction.
load Impact load
180 250 r6 should be larger than standard. load (in axial direction) 180 400
High speed rotation
250 500 r7

■ Bearing tolerance : class PC, class PB ■ Bearing tolerance : class PC, class PB
Nominal bore Class of shaft Nominal outside Class of housing bore
diameter tolerance range diameter diameter tolerance range
Load type d Remarks Load type D Remarks
mm (bearing tolerance class) mm (bearing tolerance class)
over up to PC PB over up to PC PB

Spindles of precision 10 315 k5 18 315 G5 G5 Outer ring is easily displace-


k5 Used for free side
machine tools 315 500 k5 315 500 G5 − able in axial direction.

18 315 H5 H4 Outer ring is displaceable in
10 18 m6 m5 Used for fixed side
315 500 H5 − axial direction.
Rotating 18 50 m5 m5
18 120 K5 K5
inner ring 50 80 n5 n5 Rotating 120 180 JS 6 JS 6
Heavy load Generally, bearing internal Position of outer
load 80 120 n5 n4 inner ring 180 250 JS 6 JS 5
Impact load clearance should be larger ring is adjustable
120 180 p4 p4 load
High speed rotation than standard. (in axial direction) 250 315 K5 JS 5
180 250 r4 r4 315 500 K5 − Outer ring is fixed in
250 315 r5 r4 axial direction.
Position of
315 500 r5 −
outer ring is 18 315 N5 M5
Rotating not adjustable 315 500 N5 −
Spindles of precision 10 315 k5 k5
outer ring (in axial direction)
machine tools 315 500 k5 −
load Position of
Rotating 18 250 N6 N5
outer ring is Outer ring is fixed in
outer ring 250 315 N5 N5
not adjustable axial direction.
load 315 500 N5 −
(in axial direction)

A 94 A 95
9. Bearing fits

Table 9-7 (1) Recommended shaft fits for inch series tapered roller bearings Table 9-7 (2) Recommended housing fits for inch series tapered roller bearings
■ Bearing tolerance : class 4, class 2 ■ Bearing tolerance : class 4, class 2
Nominal bore Deviation of Dimensional Nominal outside Deviation of Dimensional tolerance
diameter a single bore tolerance of diameter a single outside of housing bore
Load type d diameter shaft diameter Remarks Load type D diameter diameter Remarks
mm (1/25.4) 3 ds , μm μm mm (1/25.4) 3 Ds , μm μm
over up to upper lower upper lower over up to upper lower upper lower
− 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 + 38 + 25 − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 25 0 + 76 + 51
76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 + 64 + 38 76.2 ( 3.0) 127.0 ( 5.0) + 25 0 + 76 + 51 Outer ring is easily
Normal load Used for free
or fixed side. 127.0 ( 5.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 + 76 + 51 displaceable in
304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 + 127 + 76 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 +152 +102 axial direction.
Rotating 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 + 190 + 114 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 +229 +152
inner ring
load Heavy load − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 Position of − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 25 0 + 25 0
Should be such Generally, bearing outer ring 76.2 ( 3.0) 127.0 ( 5.0) + 25 0 + 25 0 Outer ring is
Impact load 76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 that average inter- internal clearance Rotating
inner ring is adjust- 127.0 ( 5.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 + 51 0 displaceable in
High speed 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 ference stands at should be larger able (in axial 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 + 76 + 25 axial direction.
rotation 0.000 5 × d (mm) than standard. load
609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 direction). 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 +127 + 51
− 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 + 13 0 Position of − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 25 0 − 13 − 38
Normal load 76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 + 25 0 outer ring 76.2 ( 3.0) 127.0 ( 5.0) + 25 0 − 25 − 51
without is not Outer ring is fixed in
304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 + 51 0 adjustable 127.0 ( 5.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 − 25 − 51 axial direction.
impact 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 − 25 − 76
609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 + 76 0 (in axial
direction). 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 − 25 −102
− 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 0 − 13
Rotating Normal load Inner ring is Position of − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 25 0 − 13 − 38
76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 0 − 25 outer ring
outer ring without displaceable in Rotating 76.2 ( 3.0) 127.0 ( 5.0) + 25 0 − 25 − 51
load impact 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 0 − 51 axial direction. is not Outer ring is fixed in
outer ring adjustable 127.0 ( 5.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 − 25 − 51
609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 0 − 76 load axial direction.
(in axial 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 − 25 − 76
− 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 direction). 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 − 25 −102
Heavy load Should be such Generally, bearing
Impact load 76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 25 0 that average inter- internal clearance
High speed 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 51 0 ference stands at should be larger ■ Bearing tolerance : class 3, class 01)
rotation 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 76 0 0.000 5 × d (mm) than standard.
Nominal outside Deviation of Dimensional tolerance
diameter a single outside of housing bore
Load type D diameter diameter Remarks
■ Bearing tolerance : class 3, class 01)
mm (1/25.4) 3 Ds , μm μm
Nominal bore Deviation of Dimensional over up to upper lower upper lower
diameter a single bore tolerance of
Load type d diameter shaft diameter Remarks − 152.4 ( 6.0) + 13 0 + 38 + 25
152.4 ( 6.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 + 38 + 25 Outer ring is easily
mm (1/25.4) 3 ds , μm μm Used for free displaceable in
side. 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 + 64 + 38 axial direction.
over up to upper lower upper lower 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 + 89 + 51
Spindles of − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 + 30 + 18 − 152.4 ( 6.0) + 13 0 + 25 + 13
Used for fixed 152.4 ( 6.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 + 25 + 13 Outer ring is
precision 76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 + 30 + 18 displaceable in
machine 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 + 64 + 38 side. 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 + 51 + 25 axial direction.
tools 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 + 76 + 38
Rotating 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 + 102 + 64
inner ring Rotating Position of
inner ring − 152.4 ( 6.0) + 13 0 + 13 0
load Heavy load − 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 outer ring 152.4 ( 6.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 + 25 0
Should be such Generally, bearing load is adjustable
Impact load 76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 that average inter- internal clearance 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 + 25 0
(in axial
High speed 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 ference stands at should be larger direction). 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 + 38 0
rotation 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 0.000 5 × d (mm) than standard. Outer ring is fixed in
Position of axial direction.
− 76.2 ( 3.0) + 13 0 + 30 + 18 outer ring − 152.4 ( 6.0) + 13 0 0 − 13
Rotating Spindles of is not 152.4 ( 6.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 0 − 25
precision 76.2 ( 3.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 + 30 + 18 adjustable 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 0 − 25
outer ring
load machine 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 + 64 + 38 (in axial 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 0 − 38
tools 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 + 102 + 64 direction).
Position of
[Note] 1) Class 0 bearing : d ² 304.8 mm outer ring − 152.4 ( 6.0) + 13 0 − 13 − 25
Rotating 152.4 ( 6.0) 304.8 (12.0) + 13 0 − 13 − 38
outer ring is not Outer ring is fixed in
load adjustable 304.8 (12.0) 609.6 (24.0) + 25 0 − 13 − 38 axial direction.
(in axial 609.6 (24.0) 914.4 (36.0) + 38 0 − 13 − 51
direction).
[Note] 1) Class 0 bearing : D ² 304.8 mm

A 96 A 97
9. Bearing fits

10. Bearing internal clearance


Table 9-8 (1) Recommended shaft fits for thrust bearings (classes 0, 6) Bearing internal clearance is defined as the 10-1 Selection of internal clearance
Shaft diameter, mm Class of shaft total distance either inner or outer ring can be
Load type tolerance Remarks moved when the other ring is fixed. The term "residual clearance" is defined as
over up to range If movement is in the radial direction, it is the original clearance decreased owing to
Central axial load called radial internal clearance; if in the axial expansion or contraction of a raceway due to fit-
All shaft diameters js 6 h 6 may also be used.
(generally for thrust bearings) direction, axial internal clearance. ting, when the bearing is mounted in the shaft
(Fig. 10-1) and housing.
Combined load Stationary shaft All shaft diameters js 6 −
race load The term "effective clearance" is defined as
spherical
Rotating shaft − 200 k6 Bearing performance depends greatly upon the residual clearance decreased owing to
thrust race load or js 6, k 6 and m 6 may be used in place of
roller indeterminate 200 400 m6 internal clearance during operation (also dimensional change arising from temperature
k 6, m 6 and n 6, respectively.
bearing direction load 400 − n6 referred to as operating clearance); inappropri- differentials within the bearing.
ate clearance results in short rolling fatigue life The term "operating clearance" is defined as
and generation of heat, noise or vibration. the internal clearance present while a bearing
mounted in a machine is rotating under a cer-
Table 9-8 (2) Recommended housing fits for thrust bearings (classes 0, 6) tain load, or, the effective clearance increased
Class of housing due to elastic deformation arising from bearing
Radial internal clearance Axial internal clearance
Load type bore diameter Remarks loads.
tolerance range
As illustrated in Fig. 10-2, bearing fatigue life
Select such tolerance range class as provides clearance
Central axial load −
in the radial direction for housing race.
is longest when the operating clearance is
(generally for thrust bearings) slightly negative.
H8 In case of thrust ball bearings requiring high accuracy. However, as the operating clearance
Combined load Stationary housing H7 − becomes more negative, the fatigue life short-
race load ens remarkably.
spherical
Indeterminate
thrust direction load or
K7 In case of application under normal operating conditions. Thus it is recommended that bearing internal
roller rotating housing clearance be selected such that the operating
bearing race load M7 In case of comparably large radial load. clearance is slightly positive.
Fig. 10-1 Bearing internal clearance
[Remark] This table is applicable to cast iron or steel housings. 150

In measuring internal clearance, a specified


load is generally applied in order to obtain sta-
ble measurement values.
100

Fatigue life (%)


Consequently, measured clearance values
will be larger than the original clearance by the
amount of elastic deformation due to the load 6205
applied for measurement.
As far as roller bearings are concerned, how- 50
ever, the amount of elastic deformation is negli-
gible. NU205
Clearance prior to mounting is generally
defined as the original clearance.
0
− 30 − 20 − 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Operating clearance (μm)
Fig. 10-2 Relationship between
operating clearance and fatigue life
It is important to take specific operating condi-
tions into consideration and select a clearance
suitable for the conditions.
For example, when high rigidity is required, or
when the noise must be minimized, the operat-
ing clearance must be reduced. On the other
hand, when high operating temperature is
expected, the operating clearance must be
increased.
A 98 A 99
10. Bearing internal clearance

10-2 Operating clearance Tables 10-2 to 10-10 show standard values


for bearing internal clearance before mounting.
Table 10-1 shows how to determine the oper- Table 10-11 shows examples of clearance
ating clearance when the shaft and housing are selection excluding CN clearance.
made of steel.

Table 10-1 How to determine operating clearance

In Table 10-1,
Sfo : reduction of clearance due to fitting of
the outer ring and housing S : operating clearance mm 3 Deff : effective interference of outer ring mm
S : operating clearance So : clearance before mounting mm Dh : outside diameter of housing mm
Outer ring Sf : decrease of clearance due to fitting mm De : outer ring raceway contact diameter mm
Effective Sfi : expansion of inner ring raceway ball bearing ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ De Å 0.2(4 D + d)
clearance contact diameter mm roller bearing ⋅⋅⋅ De Å 0.25(3 D + d)
Residual So : clearance before Sfo : contraction of outer ring raceway
mouting D : nominal outside diameter mm
clearance contact diameter mm
(original clearance) α : linear expansion coefficient of
St1 : decrease of clearance due to temperature
differentials between inner and outer rings mm bearing steel (12.5 × 10 −6) 1/°C
St2 : decrease of clearance due to temper- Dw : average diameter of rolling elements mm
Ball ature rise of the rolling elements mm ball bearing ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ Dw Å 0.3(D − d)
Sw : increase of St : decrease of clearance Sfi : decrease of clearance Sw : increase of clearance due to load mm roller bearing ⋅⋅⋅ Dw Å 0.25(D − d)
clearance due due to temperature due to fitting of
to load differentials between inner ring and shaft
3 deff : effective interference of inner ring mm ti : temperature rise of the inner ring °C
inner and outer rings d : nominal bore diameter mm te : temperature rise of the outer ring °C
(shaft diameter) tw : temperature rise of rolling elements °C
d0 : bore diameter of hollow shaft mm
* Sw (increase of clearance due to load) is
Di : inner ring raceway contact diameter mm
generally small, and thus may be ignor-
Operating clearance (S) S = So − (Sf + St1 + St2) + Sw * ball bearing ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ Di Å 0.2(D + 4 d)
ed, although there is an equation for
determining the value. roller bearing ⋅⋅⋅ Di Å 0.25(D + 3 d)

(In the case of hollow shaft) (In the case of Dh ≠ ∞) ■ Bearings are sometimes used with a non-steel shaft or housing.
d02 D2 In the automotive industry, a statistical method is often incorporated for selection of clearance.
1− 1− In these cases, or when other special operating conditions are involved, JTEKT should be consulted.
d d2 De Dh2
Decrease of clearance due Sfi = 3 deff á Sfo = 3 Deff á
Di d02 D De2
1− 1−
to fitting (Sf) Di2 Dh2
(In the case of solid shaft) (In the case of Dh = ∞)
d De
Sfi = 3 deff Sfo = 3 Deff
Di D

Decrease of clearance due The amount of decrease varies depending where : De = Di + 2Dw
on the state of housing; however, generally Consequently, St1 + St2 will be determined
to temperature differentials the amount can be approximated by the by the following equation :
between inner and outer following equation on the assumption that
the outer ring will not expand : St1 + St2 = α á Di á t1 + 2 α á Dw á t2
rings (St1)
St1 = α (Di á ti − De á te) Temperature differential between the
inner and outer rings, t1, can be expres-
sed as follows :
Decrease of clearance due t1 = ti − te
to temperature rise of St2 = 2 α á Dw á tw Temperature differential between the roll-
ing element and outer ring, t2, can be
rolling element (St2) expressed as follows :
t2 = tw − te

A 100 A 101
10. Bearing internal clearance

Table 10-2 Radial internal clearance of deep groove ball bearings (cylindrical bore) Table 10-4 Axial internal clearance of matched pair angular contact
Unit : μm ball bearings (measurement clearance) 1) Unit : μm

Clearance Nominal bore Contact angle : 15° Contact angle : 30°


Nominal bore diameter
diameter
d, mm C2 CN C3 C4 C5 C2 CN C2 CN C3 C4
d, mm
over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max.
2.5 6 0 7 2 13 8 23 14 29 20 37 − 10 13 33 33 53 3 14 10 30 30 50 50 70
6 10 0 7 2 13 8 23 14 29 20 37
10 18 15 35 35 55 3 16 10 30 30 50 50 70
10 18 0 9 3 18 11 25 18 33 25 45
18 24 20 40 45 65 3 20 20 40 40 60 60 80
18 24 0 10 5 20 13 28 20 36 28 48
24 30 20 40 45 65 3 20 20 40 40 60 60 80
24 30 1 11 5 20 13 28 23 41 30 53
30 40 20 40 45 65 3 20 25 45 45 65 70 90
30 40 1 11 6 20 15 33 28 46 40 64
40 50 1 11 6 23 18 36 30 51 45 73 40 50 20 40 50 70 3 20 30 50 50 70 75 95
50 65 1 15 8 28 23 43 38 61 55 90 50 65 30 55 65 90 9 27 35 60 60 85 90 115
65 80 1 15 10 30 25 51 46 71 65 105 65 80 30 55 70 95 10 28 40 65 70 95 110 135
80 100 1 18 12 36 30 58 53 84 75 120 80 100 35 60 85 110 10 30 50 75 80 105 130 155
100 120 2 20 15 41 36 66 61 97 90 140 100 120 40 65 100 125 12 37 65 90 100 125 150 175
120 140 2 23 18 48 41 81 71 114 105 160 120 140 45 75 110 140 15 40 75 105 120 150 180 210
140 160 2 23 18 53 46 91 81 130 120 180 140 160 45 75 125 155 15 40 80 110 130 160 210 240
160 180 2 25 20 61 53 102 91 147 135 200 160 180 50 80 140 170 15 45 95 125 140 170 235 265
180 200 2 30 25 71 63 117 107 163 150 230 180 200 50 80 160 190 20 50 110 140 170 200 275 305
200 225 2 35 25 85 75 140 125 195 175 265
225 250 2 40 30 95 85 160 145 225 205 300
250 280 2 45 35 105 90 170 155 245 225 340
280 315 2 55 40 115 100 190 175 270 245 370 Nominal bore Contact angle : 40° [Note] 1) Including increase of
diameter clearance caused by
315 355 3 60 45 125 110 210 195 300 275 410
d, mm C2 CN C3 C4 measurement load.
355 400 3 70 55 145 130 240 225 340 315 460
[Remarks] 1. For measured clearance, the increase of radial internal clearance caused by the measurement load should be over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max.
added to the values in the above table for correction. Amounts for correction are as shown below. − 10 2 10 6 18 16 30 26 40
Of the amounts for clearance correction in the C 2 column, the smaller is applied to the minimum clearance, the
10 18 2 12 7 21 18 32 28 44
larger to the maximum clearance.
2. Values in Italics are prescribed in JTEKT standards. 18 24 2 12 12 26 20 40 30 50
24 30 2 14 12 26 20 40 40 60
Nominal bore Measurement load Amounts of clearance correction, μm
30 40 2 14 12 26 25 45 45 65
diameter d, mm
C2 CN C3 C4 C5 40 50 2 14 12 30 30 50 50 70
over up to N 50 65 5 17 17 35 35 60 60 85
2.5 18 24.5 3−4 4 4 4 4 65 80 6 18 18 40 40 65 70 95
18 50 49 4−5 5 6 6 6 80 100 6 20 20 45 55 80 85 110
50 280 147 6−8 8 9 9 9 100 120 6 25 25 50 60 85 100 125
120 140 7 30 30 60 75 105 125 155
Table 10-3 Radial internal clearance of extra-small/miniature ball bearings Unit : μm 140 160 7 30 35 65 85 115 140 170
M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 160 180 7 31 45 75 100 130 155 185
Clearance code
min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. 180 200 7 37 60 90 110 140 170 200
Clearance 0 5 3 8 5 10 8 13 13 20 20 28
[Remark] For measured clearance, the following amounts should be added for correction.

Measurement load, N Amounts of clearance correction, μm


Extra-small Miniature ball bearing M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6
ball bearing
2.3 1 1 1 1 1 1

Extra-small ball bearing : 9 mm or larger in outside diameter and under 10 mm in bore diameter
Miniature ball bearing : under 9 mm in outside diameter
A 102 A 103
10. Bearing internal clearance

Table 10-5 Radial internal clearance of double-row Table 10-6 Radial internal clearance of self-aligning ball bearings
angular contact ball bearings Unit : μm
Unit : μm Nominal bore Cylindrical bore bearing clearance Tapered bore bearing clearance
Clearance diameter
Nominal bore diameter d, mm C2 CN C3 C4 C5 C2 CN C3 C4 C5
d, mm CD2 CDN CD3 over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max.
over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. 2.5 6 1 8 5 15 10 20 15 25 21 33 − − − − − − − − − −
2.5 10 0 7 2 10 8 18
6 10 2 9 6 17 12 25 19 33 27 42 − − − − − − − − − −
10 18 0 7 2 11 9 19
18 24 0 8 2 11 10 21 10 14 2 10 6 19 13 26 21 35 30 48 − − − − − − − − − −
24 30 0 8 2 13 10 23 14 18 3 12 8 21 15 28 23 37 32 50 − − − − − − − − − −
30 40 0 9 3 14 11 24 18 24 4 14 10 23 17 30 25 39 34 52 7 17 13 26 20 33 28 42 37 55
40 50 0 10 4 16 13 27
24 30 5 16 11 24 19 35 29 46 40 58 9 20 15 28 23 39 33 50 44 62
50 65 0 11 6 20 15 30 [Remark]
65 80 0 12 7 22 18 33 Regarding deep groove ball 30 40 6 18 13 29 23 40 34 53 46 66 12 24 19 35 29 46 40 59 52 72
80 100 0 12 8 24 22 38 bearings and matched pair and 40 50 6 19 14 31 25 44 37 57 50 71 14 27 22 39 33 52 45 65 58 79
100 120 0 13 9 25 24 42 double-row angular contact ball
bearings, equations of the rela-
50 65 7 21 16 36 30 50 45 69 62 88 18 32 27 47 41 61 56 80 73 99
120 140 0 15 10 26 25 44
140 160 0 16 11 28 26 46 tionship between radial internal 65 80 8 24 18 40 35 60 54 83 76 108 23 39 35 57 50 75 69 98 91 123
clearance and axial internal
160 180 0 17 12 30 27 47 80 100 9 27 22 48 42 70 64 96 89 124 29 47 42 68 62 90 84 116 109 144
clearance are shown on page
180 200 0 18 14 32 28 48
A 111. 100 120 10 31 25 56 50 83 75 114 105 145 35 56 50 81 75 108 100 139 130 170
120 140 10 38 30 68 60 100 90 135 125 175 40 68 60 98 90 130 120 165 155 205
140 160 15 44 35 80 70 120 110 161 150 210 45 74 65 110 100 150 140 191 180 240

Table 10-7 Radial internal clearance of electric motor bearings

1) Deep groove ball bearing Unit : μm 2) Cylindrical roller bearing Unit : μm


Clearance
Clearance
Nominal bore diameter Nominal bore diameter
Interchangeability Non-interchangeability
d, mm d, mm
CM CT CM
over up to min. max. over up to min. max. min. max.
101) 18 4 11 24 40 15 35 15 30
18 30 5 12 40 50 20 40 20 35
30 50 9 17 50 65 25 45 25 40
50 80 12 22 65 80 30 50 30 45
80 120 18 30 80 100 35 60 35 55
120 160 24 38 100 120 35 65 35 60
120 140 40 70 40 65
[Note] 1) 10 mm is included.
[Remark] To adjust for change of clearance due 140 160 50 85 50 80
to measuring load, use correction 160 180 60 95 60 90
values shown in Table 10-2.
180 200 65 105 65 100
[Note] “Interchangeability” means interchangeable only among products
(sub-units) of the same manufacturer ; not with others.

A 104 A 105
10. Bearing internal clearance

Table 10-8 Radial internal clearance of cylindrical roller bearings and


machined ring needle roller bearings
(1) Cylindrical bore bearing Unit : μm (2) Tapered bore bearing Unit : μm
Nominal Clearance Nominal bore Non-interchangeable clearance
bore diameter diameter
d, mm C2 CN C3 C4 C5 d, mm C 9 NA 1) C 1 NA C 2 NA C N NA C 3 NA C 4 NA C 5 NA
over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max.

− 10 0 25 20 45 35 60 50 75 − − 12 14 5 10 − − − − − − − − − − − −
10 24 0 25 20 45 35 60 50 75 65 90 14 24 5 10 10 20 20 30 35 45 45 55 55 65 75 85
24 30 0 25 20 45 35 60 50 75 70 95 24 30 5 10 10 25 25 35 40 50 50 60 60 70 80 95

30 40 5 30 25 50 45 70 60 85 80 105 30 40 5 12 12 25 25 40 45 55 55 70 70 80 95 110
40 50 5 35 30 60 50 80 70 100 95 125 40 50 5 15 15 30 30 45 50 65 65 80 80 95 110 125
50 65 10 40 40 70 60 90 80 110 110 140 50 65 5 15 15 35 35 50 55 75 75 90 90 110 130 150

65 80 10 45 40 75 65 100 90 125 130 165 65 80 10 20 20 40 40 60 70 90 90 110 110 130 150 170


80 100 15 50 50 85 75 110 105 140 155 190 80 100 10 25 25 45 45 70 80 105 105 125 125 150 180 205
100 120 15 55 50 90 85 125 125 165 180 220 100 120 10 25 25 50 50 80 95 120 120 145 145 170 205 230

120 140 15 60 60 105 100 145 145 190 200 245 120 140 15 30 30 60 60 90 105 135 135 160 160 190 230 260
140 160 20 70 70 120 115 165 165 215 225 275 140 160 15 35 35 65 65 100 115 150 150 180 180 215 260 295
160 180 25 75 75 125 120 170 170 220 250 300 160 180 15 35 35 75 75 110 125 165 165 200 200 240 285 320

180 200 35 90 90 145 140 195 195 250 275 330 180 200 20 40 40 80 80 120 140 180 180 220 220 260 315 355
200 225 45 105 105 165 160 220 220 280 305 365 200 225 20 45 45 90 90 135 155 200 200 240 240 285 350 395
225 250 45 110 110 175 170 235 235 300 330 395 225 250 25 50 50 100 100 150 170 215 215 265 265 315 380 430

250 280 55 125 125 195 190 260 260 330 370 440 250 280 25 55 55 110 110 165 185 240 240 295 295 350 420 475
280 315 55 130 130 205 200 275 275 350 410 485 280 315 30 60 60 120 120 180 205 265 265 325 325 385 470 530
315 355 65 145 145 225 225 305 305 385 455 535 315 355 30 65 65 135 135 200 225 295 295 360 360 430 520 585

355 400 100 190 190 280 280 370 370 460 510 600 355 400 35 75 75 150 150 225 255 330 330 405 405 480 585 660
400 450 110 210 210 310 310 410 410 510 565 665 400 450 45 85 85 170 170 255 285 370 370 455 455 540 650 735
450 500 110 220 220 330 330 440 440 550 625 735 450 500 50 95 95 190 190 285 315 410 410 505 505 600 720 815

[Note] 1) Clearance C 9 NA is applied to tapered bore cylindrical roller bearings of JIS tolerance classes 5 and 4.

A 106 A 107
10. Bearing internal clearance

Table 10-9 Radial internal clearance of spherical roller bearings


(1) Cylindrical bore bearing Unit : μm (2) Tapered bore bearing Unit : μm
Nominal bore Clearance Nominal bore Clearance
diameter diameter
d, mm C2 CN C3 C4 C5 d, mm C2 CN C3 C4 C5
over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max.
14 18 10 20 20 35 35 45 45 60 60 75
18 24 10 20 20 35 35 45 45 60 60 75 18 24 15 25 25 35 35 45 45 60 60 75
24 30 15 25 25 40 40 55 55 75 75 95 24 30 20 30 30 40 40 55 55 75 75 95

30 40 15 30 30 45 45 60 60 80 80 100 30 40 25 35 35 50 50 65 65 85 85 105
40 50 20 35 35 55 55 75 75 100 100 125 40 50 30 45 45 60 60 80 80 100 100 130
50 65 20 40 40 65 65 90 90 120 120 150 50 65 40 55 55 75 75 95 95 120 120 160

65 80 30 50 50 80 80 110 110 145 145 180 65 80 50 70 70 95 95 120 120 150 150 200
80 100 35 60 60 100 100 135 135 180 180 225 80 100 55 80 80 110 110 140 140 180 180 230
100 120 40 75 75 120 120 160 160 210 210 260 100 120 65 100 100 135 135 170 170 220 220 280

120 140 50 95 95 145 145 190 190 240 240 300 120 140 80 120 120 160 160 200 200 260 260 330
140 160 60 110 110 170 170 220 220 280 280 350 140 160 90 130 130 180 180 230 230 300 300 380
160 180 65 120 120 180 180 240 240 310 310 390 160 180 100 140 140 200 200 260 260 340 340 430

180 200 70 130 130 200 200 260 260 340 340 430 180 200 110 160 160 220 220 290 290 370 370 470
200 225 80 140 140 220 220 290 290 380 380 470 200 225 120 180 180 250 250 320 320 410 410 520
225 250 90 150 150 240 240 320 320 420 420 520 225 250 140 200 200 270 270 350 350 450 450 570

250 280 100 170 170 260 260 350 350 460 460 570 250 280 150 220 220 300 300 390 390 490 490 620
280 315 110 190 190 280 280 370 370 500 500 630 280 315 170 240 240 330 330 430 430 540 540 680
315 355 120 200 200 310 310 410 410 550 550 690 315 355 190 270 270 360 360 470 470 590 590 740

355 400 130 220 220 340 340 450 450 600 600 750 355 400 210 300 300 400 400 520 520 650 650 820
400 450 140 240 240 370 370 500 500 660 660 820 400 450 230 330 330 440 440 570 570 720 720 910
450 500 140 260 260 410 410 550 550 720 720 900 450 500 260 370 370 490 490 630 630 790 790 1 000

500 560 150 280 280 440 440 600 600 780 780 1 000 500 560 290 410 410 540 540 680 680 870 870 1 100
560 630 170 310 310 480 480 650 650 850 850 1 100 560 630 320 460 460 600 600 760 760 980 980 1 230
630 710 190 350 350 530 530 700 700 920 920 1 190 630 710 350 510 510 670 670 850 850 1 090 1 090 1 360

710 800 210 390 390 580 580 770 770 1 010 1 010 1 300 710 800 390 570 570 750 750 960 960 1 220 1 220 1 500
800 900 230 430 430 650 650 860 860 1 120 1 120 1 440 800 900 440 640 640 840 840 1 070 1 070 1 370 1 370 1 690
900 1 000 260 480 480 710 710 930 930 1 220 1 220 1 570 900 1 000 490 710 710 930 930 1 190 1 190 1 520 1 520 1 860

A 108 A 109
10. Bearing internal clearance

Table 10-10 Radial internal clearance of double/four-row and Table 10-11 Examples of non-standard clearance selection
matched pair tapered roller bearings (cylindrical bore)
Service conditions Applications Examples of clearance selection
Unit : μm
In the case of heavy/impact load, Railway rolling stock axle jour-
Nominal bore Clearance C3
diameter large interference nals
d, mm C1 C2 CN C3 C4
Shaker screens, C 3, C 4
In the case of vibration/impact load,
over up to min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. min. max. railway rolling stock traction motors, C4
interference fit both for inner/outer rings
14 18 0 10 10 20 20 30 30 40 40 50 tractor final reduction gears C4
18 24 0 10 10 20 20 30 30 40 40 55 When shaft deflection is large Automobile rear wheels C5
24 30 0 10 10 20 20 30 30 45 45 60 Dryers of paper making machines, C 3, C 4
When shaft and inner ring are heated
30 40 0 12 12 25 25 40 40 55 55 75 table rollers of rolling mills C3
40 50 0 15 15 30 30 45 45 60 60 80 When clearance fit both for inner/outer rings Roll necks of rolling mills C2
50 65 0 15 15 30 30 50 50 70 70 90
When noise/vibration during rotation is
Micro-motors C 1, C 2, CM
65 80 0 20 20 40 40 60 60 80 80 110 to be lowered
80 100 0 20 20 45 45 70 70 100 100 130 When clearance after mounting is to be
100 120 0 25 25 50 50 80 80 110 110 150 Lathe spindles C 9 NA, C 1 NA
adjusted in order to reduce shaft runout
120 140 0 30 30 60 60 90 90 120 120 170
140 160 0 30 30 65 65 100 100 140 140 190
160 180 0 35 35 70 70 110 110 150 150 210

180 200 0 40 40 80 80 120 120 170 170 230


200 225 0 40 40 90 90 140 140 190 190 260
225 250 0 50 50 100 100 150 150 210 210 290

250 280 0 50 50 110 110 170 170 230 230 320


[Reference] Relationship between radial internal clearance and axial internal clearance
280 315 0 60 60 120 120 180 180 250 250 350
315 355 0 70 70 140 140 210 210 280 280 390

355 400 0 70 70 150 150 230 230 310 310 440


400 450 0 80 80 170 170 260 260 350 350 490 [Deep groove ball bearing] 3a = 3r (4mo − 3r) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (10-1)
450 500 0 90 90 190 190 290 290 390 390 540
3 2
500 560 0 100 100 210 210 320 320 430 430 590 [Double-row angular contact ball bearing] 3a = 2 mo2 − (mocos α − 2r ) − 2mosin α ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (10-2)
560 630 0 110 110 230 230 350 350 480 480 660
630 710 0 130 130 260 260 400 400 540 540 740 3 2
[Matched pair angular contact ball bearing] 3a = 2mosinα − 2 mo2 − (mocosα + 2r ) ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (10-3)
710 800 0 140 140 290 290 450 450 610 610 830
800 900 0 160 160 330 330 500 500 670 670 920 [Double/four-row and 1.5
matched pair tapered roller bearing] 3a = 3 r cot α Å e 3 r ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ (10-4)

where :
3 a : axial internal clearance mm α : nominal contact angle
3 r : radial internal clearance mm e : limit value of Fa /Fr
mo = re + ri − Dw shown in
re : outer ring raceway groove radius mm the bearing specification table.
ri : inner ring raceway groove radius mm
Dw : ball diameter mm

A 110 A 111
11. Preload
Generally, bearings are operated with a 11-2 Method of preloading 11-3 Preload and rigidity In Fig. 11-1, when preload P is applied (inner
certain amount of proper clearance allowed. ring is tightened toward the axial direction),
For some applications, however, bearings are The preload can be done either by the For angular contact ball bearings and tapered
position preloading or the constant pressure roller bearings, the "back-to-back" arrangement bearings A and B are displaced by δao respec-
mounted with axial load of such magnitude that tively, and the clearance between inner rings
the clearance will be negative. preloading; typical examples are given in is generally used to apply preload for higher
Table 11-1. rigidity. diminishes from 2δao to zero.
The axial load, referred to as "preload," is The displacement when axial load T is
often applied to angular contact ball bearings This is because shaft rigidity is improved by
Comparison between position and the longer distance between load centers in the applied to these matched pair bearings from the
and tapered roller bearings. outside can be determined as δa .
constant pressure preloadings back-to-back arrangement.
11-1 Purpose of preload Fig. 11-1 shows the relationship between pre-
*With the same amount of preloading, the load given via position preloading and rigidity [For reference]
■ To improve running accuracy by reducing position preloading produces smaller dis- expressed by displacement in the axial direction How to determine δa in Fig. 11-1
runout of shaft, as well as to heighten position placement in the axial direction, and thus is of the back-to-back bearing. Determine the displacement curve of bearing
accuracy in radial and axial directions. liable to bring about higher rigidity. A.
(Bearings for machine tool spindles and *The constant pressure preloading produces P : amount of preload (load) Determine the displacement curve of bearing
measuring instruments) stable preloading, or little fluctuation in the B. ...Symmetrical curve in relation to horizon-
T : axial load from outside
■ To improve gear engagement accuracy by amount of preload, since the spring can tal axis intersecting vertical line of preload P
increasing bearing rigidity. absorb the load fluctuation and shaft expan- TA : axial load applied to Bearing A at point x.
(Bearings for automobile final reduction gears) sion/contraction caused by temperature dif- With the load from outside defined as T,
TB : axial load applied to Bearing B
■ To reduce smearing by eliminating sliding in ference between the shaft and housing during determine line segment x − y on the horizon-
irregular rotation, self-rotation, and around- δ a : displacement of matched pair tal line passing through point x.
operation. bearing
the-raceway revolution of rolling elements. *The position preloading can apply a larger Displace segment x − y in parallel along the
(For high rotation-speed angular contact ball preload. δ aA : displacement of Bearing A displacement curve of bearing B.
bearings) Determine point y’ at which to intersect
δ aB : displacement of Bearing B
■ To minimize abnormal noise due to vibration Consequently, the position preloading is more displacement curve of bearing A.
or resonance. 2 δ ao : clearance between inner rings δa can be determined as the distance
suitable for applications requiring high rigidity, before preloading
(For small electric motor bearings) while the constant pressure preloading is more between line segments x’ − y’ and x − y.
■ To keep rolling elements in the right position suitable for high rotational speed, vibration pre- Bearing A Bearing B Fig. 11-2 shows the relationship between pre-
relative to the raceway. vention in the axial direction, and thrust bear-
(For thrust ball bearings and spherical thrust ings used on horizontal shafts. P P load and rigidity in the constant pressure pre-
roller bearings used on horizontal shafts) loading using the same matched pair bearings
as in Fig. 11-1.
T In this case, since the spring rigidity can be
δ ao δ ao ignored, the matched pair bearing shows almost
Table 11-1 Method of preloading the same rigidity as a separate bearing with pre-
Position preloading Constant pressure preloading Displacement in load P applied in advance.
axial direction
Displacement in
axial direction
TA
TB T Displacement curve Displacement curve
of bearing A of bearing A
T

δ aB x' y'
*Method using matched *Method using *Method using nut or bolt *Method using coil spring or δ ao
δa δa
pair bearing with stand- spacer with capable of adjusting diaphragm spring. x y
out adjusted for preload- dimensions preload in axial direction. δ aA (T) Axial load δ aA
Axial load
ing (see below). adjusted for
δ ao δ ao
preloading. In this case, starting
friction moment during
P P Displacement curve
adjustment should be of preloading spring
Displacement curve
measured so that of bearing B
proper preload will be
δ ao δ ao Fig. 11-1 Preloading diagram Fig. 11-2 Preloading diagram
applied.
in position preloading in constant pressure
preloading

A 112 A 113
11. Preload

11-4 Amount of preload 11-4-1 Preload amount of matched pair Table 11-3 Recommended fits for high-precision matched pair angular contact ball bearings
angular contact ball bearings with preload applied
The amount of preload should be determined, (1) Dimensional tolerance of shaft Unit : μm (2) Dimensional tolerance of housing bore Unit : μm
to avoid an adverse effect on bearing life, tem- Table 11-2 shows recommended preload for
perature rise, friction torque, or other perfor- matched pair angular contact ball bearings of Inner ring rotation Outer ring Inner ring rotation Outer ring
rotation Housing rotation
mance characteristic, in view of the bearing JIS class 5 or higher used for machine tool spin- Shaft
bore
dles or other higher precision applications. diameter Interference Tolerance of Clearance1)
diameter Tolerance
application. mm Tolerance between shaft Tolerance housing bore diameter between of housing
Decrease of preload due to wear-in, accuracy JTEKT offers four types of standard preload: of shaft and inner ring of shaft mm housing
Fixed-side Free-side bore
of the shaft and housing, mounting conditions, slight preload (S), light preload (L), medium pre- diameter matching 1) diameter and outer diameter
over up to adjustment over up to bearing bearing ring
and lubrication should also be fully considered load (M), and heavy preload (H), so that preload
in determining preload. can be selected properly and easily for various 6 10 − 2
0−2
0
18 30 ± 4.5
+ 9
2− 6
− 6
− 6 − 4 0 − 12
applications.
− 2 0 + 11 − 6
Generally, light or medium preload is recom- 10 18
− 7 0−2 − 5 30 50 ± 5.5
0
2− 6
− 13
mended for grinder spindles, and medium or − 2 0 + 13 − 8
18 30 0 − 2.5 50 80 ± 6.5 3− 8
heavy preload for spindles of lathes and milling − 8 − 6 0 − 16
machines. 30 50 − 2
0 − 2.5
0
80 120 ± 7.5
+ 15
3− 9
− 9
− 9 − 7 0 − 19
Table 11-3 shows recommended fits of high-
− 2 0 + 18 − 11
precision matched pair angular contact ball 50 80
− 10 0−3 − 8 120 180 ± 9
0
4 − 12
− 23
bearings used with light or medium preload − 2 0 + 20 − 13
80 120 0−4 180 250 ± 10 5 − 15
applied. − 12 − 10 0 − 27
− 2 0 + 23 − 16
120 180 0−5 − 12 250 315 ± 11.5 6 − 18
− 14 0 − 32
[Note] 1) Matching adjustment means to measure [Note] 1) Lower value is desirable for fixed side; higher value for
of bore diameter the bearing and match it free side.
to the measured shaft diameter.

Table 11-2 Standard preload of high-precision matched pair angular contact ball bearings
[S : slight preload, L : light preload, M : medium preload, H : heavy preload] Unit : N
Bore 7900 C 7000 7000 C 7200 7200 C ACT 000 ACT 000 B Bore
diameter diameter
No. S L M L M H S L M H L M H S L M H L M L M No.
00 5 15 30 30 80 145 6 20 50 100 50 145 245 10 30 80 145 − − − − 00
01 7 20 40 30 80 145 6 20 50 100 60 145 295 15 40 100 195 − − − − 01
02 8 25 50 50 145 245 10 30 80 145 80 245 390 15 50 145 245 − − − − 02
03 8 25 50 60 145 295 15 40 100 165 100 245 540 25 70 145 345 − − − − 03
04 15 40 80 60 145 295 15 40 100 245 145 295 635 25 80 195 390 − − − − 04
05 15 50 100 100 245 490 20 60 145 295 145 390 785 35 100 245 490 − − − − 05
06 15 50 100 145 295 635 25 80 195 390 145 590 930 35 100 295 590 195 345 295 685 06
07 25 70 140 145 390 785 35 100 245 490 245 785 1 270 50 145 390 785 195 390 390 735 07
08 25 80 155 145 390 785 35 100 295 590 390 880 1 570 65 195 440 880 245 440 440 835 08
09 35 100 195 245 540 980 50 145 345 635 490 1 080 1 770 85 245 540 1 080 245 490 490 930 09
10 35 100 195 245 635 1 180 50 145 390 735 540 1 180 2 060 85 245 590 1 180 295 540 540 1 030 10
11 40 120 235 295 785 1 370 65 195 440 880 635 1 370 2 450 100 295 735 1 470 390 685 685 1 270 11
12 40 120 235 390 880 1 570 65 195 490 980 785 1 470 2 940 115 345 785 1 670 390 735 735 1 420 12
13 50 145 295 440 980 1 770 85 245 540 1 090 835 1 670 3 330 130 390 930 1 860 440 835 785 1 520 13
14 65 195 390 490 1 080 2 060 85 245 635 1 270 930 1 860 3 720 160 490 980 2 060 590 1 130 1 030 2 010 14
15 65 195 390 590 1 180 2 150 100 295 685 1 370 980 2 150 3 920 195 590 1 180 2 350 590 1 130 1 080 2 110 15
16 65 195 390 635 1 370 2 350 100 295 735 1 470 1 080 2 450 4 310 225 685 1 370 2 750 685 1 370 1 270 2 500 16
17 85 245 490 735 1 570 2 550 130 390 880 1 770 1 270 2 940 4 900 260 785 1 570 2 940 735 1 420 1 320 2 600 17
18 100 295 590 785 1 670 2 840 145 440 980 1 960 1 470 3 230 5 390 260 785 1 770 3 430 980 1 860 1 770 3 380 18
19 100 295 590 880 1 770 3 140 160 490 1 080 2 060 1 670 3 430 5 880 290 880 1 960 3 920 980 1 960 1 860 3 530 19
20 100 345 685 880 1 960 3 530 175 540 1 180 2 150 1 860 3 920 6 370 325 980 2 150 4 410 1 030 2 010 1 910 3 680 20
21 100 345 685 980 2 150 3 920 195 590 1 270 2 350 2 060 4 310 7 060 360 1 080 2 350 4 900 1 180 2 250 2 150 3 770 21
22 145 390 785 1 080 2 380 4 410 210 635 1 470 2 550 2 250 4 900 7 840 385 1 180 2 450 5 290 1 320 2 600 2 450 4 760 22
24 145 490 980 1 180 2 650 4 900 225 685 1 670 2 840 2 450 5 390 8 820 420 1 270 2 840 5 490 1 420 2 800 2 550 5 100 24
26 195 590 1 180 1 370 3 140 5 390 245 735 1 770 3 140 2 750 5 880 9 310 485