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# ICE Complex Engineering Problem

Course Code:
ME-411

Submitted by:
M. Abubakar 2016-ME-57
Ashir Iqbal 2016-ME-59
Faisal Aziz 2016-ME-61

Submitted to:
Dr. Fiaz Hussain Shah

## Department of Mechanical Engineering

University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan
Complex Engineering Problem
Problem Statement:
An alcoholic fuel (CnH2n+1 -OH) enters the combustion chamber of a four stroke SI engine at a
rate of 0.05 kg min-1 where it is mixed and burned with 80 % of stoichiometric air quantity that
enters the combustion chamber at 7 C as shown in figure A An analysis of the combustion gases
reveals that hydrogen in the fuel burns to H2O but only 95% of the carbon burns to CO 2 with the
remaining 5% forming CO. If the exit temperature of gases is 1500 K.
Determine
(a) The mass flow rate of air is
(b) The rate of heat transfer from the combustion chamber.

H22O
C2H5 -OH
25 C,0.05kg/min Combustion 1500 K CO22
Chamber CON22
Air O22
80٪

Solution:
Balanced Chemical Equation
C 2 H 5 OH +0.8 ¿

Part (a)
As 1mole of ethanol →14.042 moles of air
Molar mass of ethanol=46.048 kg
Mass of ethanol=0.05 kg
0.05
No .of moles of ethanol=n= =0.0010806
46.048
So,
59
0.0010806 mole of ethanol→ 0.0010806 ×(0.8)(4.76)( ) moles of air
16
0.0010806 mole of ethanol→ 0.0 15173 moles of air
Molar mass of Air=M =28.97 kg /mol
Hence , mass of air=ṁ air =0. 43958 kg /min

## mass of air=ṁair =0. 43958 kg/min

Part (b)
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(( h́f )¿¿ ethanol)liq . =−277380 kJ / Kmol ¿

kJ kJ
T air =280 , ∆ hO 2=−526.775 , ∆ h N 2=−524.755
mol Kmol
Products
kJ
CO2 : h f =−393522
mol
kJ
∆ hf =61705
mol

kJ
CO : h f =−110527
mol
kJ
∆ hf =38852
mol

N2 :
kJ
∆ hf =38405
mol

kJ
H2O: h f =−241826
mol
kJ
∆ hf =48149
mol

Q+ ∑ n i( hf + ∆ h)i=¿ ∑ ne (hf + ∆ h)
R p

## Q−277380−( 5.9∗526.775−11.092∗524.755 )=1.9(61705−393522)+ 0.1(−110527+38852)+

11.092(38405)+3(−241826+48149)
kJ
Q=−517995.15
Kmol
Q kJ
Q= =−11747.52
44.094 kg

Q̇=0.05×−11747.52=−5 87.3760035 W

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