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# DATA/RESULTS/TABLE

1.Draw the battery, wire coil and magnetic field. Label the positive and negative ends of
the battery, and the poles of the coil’s magnetic field.

2. Describe what happens if you hold a nail or paper clip near the coil.
- The nail and the paper clip are attracted to the coil and follow the directions or
vibrations where the magnetic field is originating.

3. Reverse the connection of the coil. Draw the battery, coil and magnetic field. Label
the positive and negative ends of the battery, and the poles of the coil’s magnetic
field.

4. Describe what happens if you hold a nail or paper clip near the coil.
- It is the same as the first connection where the objects are attracted to the coil.

## 5. How did you test the strength of your electromagnet?

-   We tested the strength of electromagnet by observing the paper clips that are
attracted and picked up.

6. Can your electromagnet pick up paper clips when the current is disconnected?
- The electromagnet cannot pick up paper clips when the current is disconnected
because the flow of current gives the nail magnetic properties that is required in
operating an electromagnet.

7. What did you modify in building your electromagnet (number of coils or size of
battery)?
- We modified the built of our electromagnet by using different sizes of batteries and
using different number of coils in our experiment.

8. Fill in the table below with how many paper clips your electromagnet was able to
pick up.
Electromagnet How Many Paperclips Did It Pick Up?
With 10-12 coils 3 to 5

## With fewer coils 2

How many coils? 5-8 coils
With more coils 14
How many coils? 30 coils
With a different battery #1 N/A
What size battery? N/A
With a different battery #2 N/A
What size battery? N/A

9. Write a sentence about how changing the number of coils or battery size affects how
many paper clips the electromagnet could pick up.
- We concluded that the strength of electromagnet is proportional to the battery sizes
and number of coils that are used in the experiment. The bigger size of battery and
more number of coils picked up more paper clips. The smaller size of battery and
less number of coils picked up less paper clips.

10. What are some ways that engineers might be able to use electromagnets?
- Engineers used these electromagnets in entertainment systems like television, radio
and stereo systems that use loudspeakers. These electromagnets are also used in
industrial applications like motors and generators. Medical systems created medical
equipments like hyperthermia treatments for cancer, implants and magnetic
resonance imaging (MRI).

DISCUSSION:
Electromagnet is a device consisting of an iron or steel core that is magnetized
by electric current in a coil that surrounds it. It is usually consist of wire wound into a
coil. A current through the wire creates a magnetic field which is concentrated in the
hole which is the center of the coil. The magnetic field disappears when the current is
turned off.

Most of the time, electromagnets are wound around an iron core. However, it could be
wound around an air core, in which case it is called a solenoid. When connected to a DC voltage
or current source, the electromagnet becomes energized, creating a magnetic field just like a
permanent magnet. The magnetic flux density is proportional to the magnitude of the current
flowing in the wire of the electromagnet. The polarity of the electromagnet is determined by the
direction the current.

## Engineers developed equipments that use electromagnets. In domestic

applications, we can observe the phenomena in lighting, heating and kitchen
appliances. In communication systems, this exist in all telecommunication equipments
and communication networks. In industrial systems this can be applied in motors,
generators, sensor and actuator devices. Electromagnets are widely used and it helps
us to make save time while making our daily lives easier and more convenient.