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Smart Home Security System Using IoT

Smart Home Security System using IoT

Abdul Rohman1, Ananda Fikri N2, Andikha Wira P3, Ikhsan Galih R4,
Iwan Arif S5, Muhammad Rifqi A6, Stefanus Willy P7 , Zido Yuwazama8
Engineering Physic, Department of Nuclear Engineering and
Engineering Physics, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Abstract A smart home is a home, usually the new one that is equipped with
special structured wiring to enable occupants to remotely control or program an
array of automatic home electronic device by entering single command [1]. Smart
home technology can be seen from many things. For example in the thermal
system (air conditioner), energy management, smart home network, smart home
sensor, etc. A smart home security system offers many more benefits than the
conventional security system.
Keyword IoT, Security System, Smart Home Security

I. Introduction source depends on the deployment

A smart home offers many more environment and the availability of
benefits. One of the benefits is helping power for applications such as solar
homeowner to do monitoring security panel based outdoor temperature
even when the homeowner is not in the sensing. In a replaceable battery, the
house. The system uses home sending power and sampling rate of
automation technology which is data decide battery life while the energy
connected to the sensors inside the harvesting applications use the external
home. If something happens in the energy source, so they are somewhat
home, the sensor will send notification free from the battery usage method.
to the homeowner’s android or IOS Wireless sensors and networks are
using IoT system, so that they can comprised of several nodes prepared
investigate what happen in the house. In
through various sensing devices
this paper, we will discuss smart home
(sensors, controllers, and actuators) and
security system for monitoring the
house situation. RF chips for wireless communication

II. Smart Home Technology As the elderly people living alone

are enormously increasing recently, we
Home automation and monitoring
need the system inferring activities of
are the dominant applications of WSNs
daily living (ADL) for maintaining
(Wireless Sensor Network), where a
healthy life and recognizing emergency.
number of heterogeneous sensors are
The system should be constructed with
deployed, to determine different
sensors, which are used to associate
activities of inhabitants. Wireless
with people's living while remaining as
sensors can be operated through
non-intrusive views as possible. Not
batteries as well as plugging into the
only that, smart home also uses smart
power supply. The selection of power
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Smart Home Security System Using IoT
home network. By connecting some III. IoT-based Monitoring System
devices or some electronic stools with As the technology mature and the
our pc or android, we can have some interest on the internet increases,
information easily as in Fig. 1. It has to network security has become a major
be programmed with some command concern to companies throughout the
and then connected with technology world. The fact that the information and
called internet, and we can access by tools needed to penetrate the security of
our android. Through smart home, the corporate networks are widely available
device can turn on or off automatically has increased that concern. Because of
and can save the energy that we call this increased focus on network
energy management as in Fig. 2. The security, network administrators often
main reason is that the use of modern spend more effort protecting their
automation technology in home networks than on actual network setup
scenarios promises considerable and administration. Tools that probe for
savings of energy, therefore, system vulnerabilities, such as the
simultaneously reducing the Security Administrator Tool for
operational costs of the building over its Analyzing Networks, and some of the
whole lifecycle. newly available scanning and intrusion
detection packages and appliances,
assist in these efforts, but these tools
only point out areas of weakness and
may not provide a means to protect
networks from all possible attacks.
Thus, as a network administrator, you
must constantly try to keep abreast of
the large number of security issues
confronting you in today’s world [1].
Monitoring the smart house can be seen
using IoT technology as in Fig. 3. The
homeowners can watch their house
Fig.1 Smart Home Integration Service condition by using CCTV from their
android or IOS system.

Fig.2 Smart Home Device Fig.3 Smart Home Network

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Smart Home Security System Using IoT
IV. Smart Home Security System Besides, a PC-based receiver can be
used in a network-based fire-detection
Besides using IoT for enhancing the
system for greater convenience.
home security system, sensors can be
Generally, it is easier to install and
applied to the security system as well.
maintain a PC-based receiver than a
Fig. 3 shows the architecture of a
conventional dedicated receiver. Since
network-based fire detection system
man-machine interface (MMI)
that is able to overcome the
technology can be applied to a PC-
shortcomings of a conventional fire-
based receiver, it is straightforward to
detection system. As shown in the
create a user interface and integrate the
figure, a fire detector, an actuator, a bell,
fire detection system into a home
and a display device are connected by a
network system. Recently, several
shared transmission medium, and
protocols, such as BACNet, LonWorks,
information is exchanged using digital
and Bluetooth, have been developed to
communication. Using this connection
implement network-based fire detection
method, the receiver can identify which
systems in intelligent buildings [3] [4].
fire detector senses a fire because each
fire detector has its own address. Also,
V. Conclusion
because the receiver periodically
examines the state of the fire detectors, Smart Home is a residence that
it can recognize a breakdown in the uses a Home Controller to integrate the
system, such as the failure of a fire residence's various home automation
detector or an open circuit in the systems. Integrating the home systems
transmission medium. In addition, the allows them to communicate with one
number of false alarms is less than with another through the home controller,
conventional systems because analog thereby enabling single button and
data such as the quantity of smoke and voice control of the various home
the amount of heat measured by each systems simultaneously, in
fire detector can be sent to the receiver. preprogrammed scenarios or operating
It is straightforward to apply such a modes. Security has been an important
system to an intelligent fire detection issue in the smart home application.
system and to apply a reasoning
algorithm, because the receiver can Reference
make use of the digitized detection
values of the smoke and heat from [1] Robles, Rosslin John, et al. "A
multiple fire detectors installed in the review on security in smart
same guard area Fig. 4. As changes in home
the detection signals can be calculated development." International
and compared, assessment of risk can Journal of Advanced Science
be improved [5]. and Technology 15 (2010).

[2] Challoo, Rajab, A. Oladeinde, Nuri

Yilmazer, Selahattin Ozcelik,
and L. Challoo. "An overview
and assessment of wireless
technologies and co-existence
of ZigBee, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi
devices." Procedia Computer
Fig.4 Structure of a Network-based Science 12 (2012): 386-391.
fire-detection system
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Smart Home Security System Using IoT

[3] Yanfei Li, Meiqin Liu, Weihua

Sheng, "Indoor human tracking
and state estimation by fusing
environmental sensors and
wearable sensors", Cyber
Technology in Automation
Control and Intelligent Systems
International Conference on, pp.
1468-1473, 2015.
[4] B. Fong, L. Situ, L. C. K. Poon, J.
Liu, R. T. Mo, K. F. Tsang, "A
prognostics framework for
reliability optimization of mass-
produced vehicle onboard
diagnostics system", Consumer
Electronics (GCCE) 2015 IEEE
4th Global Conference on, pp.
408-409, 2015.
[5] Kyung Chang Lee and Hong-Hee
Lee, "Network-based fire-
detection system via controller
area network for smart home
automation," in IEEE
Transactions on Consumer
Electronics, vol. 50, no. 4, pp.
1093-1100, Nov. 2004.

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