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SCHEDULE OF FIRE FIGHTING PUMPS & HEAD CALCULATIONS

Total
Flow Pumping Remark/
S. No. Description of Pump Qty. Motor KW Motor
Rate Head Location
KW
A. FIRE FIGHTING PUMPS LOCATED IN FIRE PUMP ROOM AT BASEMENT-2
Electrical Driven Hydrant 2850 pump Room
1. 110M 1 No. 106 KW 106 KW
Pump LPM (Basement-2)

Electrical Driven Sprinkler 2850 pump Room


2. 110 M 1 No. 106KW 106 KW
Pump LPM (Basement-2)

2850 pump Room


3. Diesel Driven Fire Pump 110 M 1 No. - -
LPM (Basement-2)

Electrical Driven Jockey 180 24.00 pump Room


4. 110 M 2 No. 12.00 Kw
Pump LPM Kw (Basement-2)

Electrical Driven Curtain 2280 pump Room


5. 30 M 1 No. 40 Kw 40 Kw
Nozzle Fire Pump LPM (Basement-2)

DETAIL OF WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE PUMP

[A] Horizontal Mounted Downward Flow Open Nozzle:

 Total Length of Pipe Network for water curtain in one zone = 84 m

 Spacing between Open Nozzles = 2.5 m C/C [Nozzle


Manufacturer recommends 2 m for better performance]

 Nos. of Open Nozzles = 84


2.5
= 34 Nos.

 The flow through each nozzle is calculated by formula.


Q = K x P (As per IS: 9972/ NFPA 13)

Where
Q = Flow in lpm flowing through nozzle
K = Nozzle Factor = 45 (As per manufacturer HD Fire)

P = Total Pressure in Bar at flow Q = 1.6 bar


Q = 45 x 1.6 = 56.92 lpm

 Total Flow rate required =34 Nos. Nozzle x 56.92 lpm Flow on each
nozzle.
=1935 LPM
= 116.11 m3/Hour
Maximum water curtain Pump capacity required= 1935 LPM = 116.11 m3/hour

Capacity of pump proposed = 2280 lpm =137 m3/hour

PUMP HEAD CALCULATIONS FOR WATER CURTAIN

Head requirement for Fire Pump has been decided as below

As Per water curtain requirement, there shall be minimum pressure of 1.6 kg/sq.cm at the last water
curtain

Note: Considering that basement shall be provided the water curtain system:

Total Vertical Length of Pipe from Plant Room to remotest water curtain = 9M

Total Horizontal Length of Pipe from Plant Room to remotest water curtain= 50 M

Total Length of Pipe from Plant Room to remotest water curtain = 59 M

Equivalent Length of Pipe Due to Fittings @ 10 % =6M

Total Length of Pipe = 65 M


Say = 65 M
Design calculation for total pump head requirement as per using following pipe diameter.

S. No. Description Pipe Diameter 150 mm


01. Total length of pipe 65 m
02. Required residual head 16 m
03. Static Head 9m
04. Head loss in Pipe 2m
(As per Hazen William’s Formula)
Referring Annexure-II
05. Total (2) + (3) + (4) 27 m
06. Head of Pump provided 30 m

2
Head Loss Calculations -Annexure -II

Hazen William’s formula

H= 6.05 x 10^5 x Q^1.85 x L


----------------------
C^1.85 x d^4.87

Where L = Length of pipe in meters = 65 m

Q = Discharge in Lpm = 1280 Lpm

C = 120

D = Dia. of pipe in mm = 150 mm

H = Head loss in bar.

Putting these values in the above formula:

H= 6.05 x 10^5 x 2280^1.85 x 65


----------------------
120^1.85 x 150^4.87

= 0.23 bar

Say = 2

PUMP HEAD CALCULATIONS

Head requirement for Fire Pump has been decided as below


As Per NBC Rule, there shall be minimum pressure of 3.5kg/sq.cm at the highest Fire
Hydrant:
Note: Considering that Tower shall be provided the Fire fighting system:

Total Vertical Length of Pipe from Plant Room to remotest Fire Hydrant = 64 M
Total Horizontal Length of Pipe from Plant Room to remotest Fire Hydrant = 80 M
Total Length of Pipe from Plant Room to remotest Fire Hydrant = 144 M
Equivalent Length of Pipe Due to Fittings @ 10 % =14.4 M
Total Length of Pipe = 158.4 M

3
Say = 159 M

Design calculation for total pump head requirement as per using following pipe diameter.

S. No. Description Pipe Diameter 150 mm


01. Total length of pipe 159 m
02. Required residual head 35.0 m
03. Static Head 64 m
04. Head loss in Pipe 9m
(As per Hazen William’s Formula)
Referring Annexure-II
05. Total (2) + (3) + (4) 108 m
06. Head of Pump provided 110 m

Head Loss Calculations -Annexure -II

Hazen William’s formula

H= 6.05 x 10^5 x Q^1.85 x L


----------------------
C^1.85 x d^4.87

Where L = Length of pipe in meters = 159 m

Q = Discharge in Lpm = 2850 Lpm

C = 120

D = Dia. of pipe in mm = 150 mm

H = Head loss in bar.

Putting these values in the above formula:

H= 6.05 x 10^5 x 2850^1.85 x 159


----------------------
120^1.85 x 150^4.87

= 0.85 bar
Say = 9 M
A) Suction Header size for Sprinkler , Hydrant ,Diesel & water curtain pump:
Flow rate Q for Sprinkler & Hydrant pump = 2850 LPM

4
= 171 M3/Hr
No. of Pumps = 2No.
Flow rate Q for Water = 2280 LPM
Curtain pump = 136.8 M3/Hr
No. of Pumps = 1No.
Total Flow Rate = 0.133M3/s
Considered water velocity (v) = 1.5m/s
Suction pipe = 2 Nos.
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
D ( considering 2 nos. suction pipe) = √4Q/π v
= 0.250m
= 250mm
* Say = 250mm- 2 Nos
B) Delivery Header size for Sprinkler, Hydrant , Diesel & Water curtain Pump:

Flow rate Q for Sprinkler = 2850LPM


& Hydrant pump = 171M3/Hr

No. of Pumps = 2No.

Flow rate Q for Water = 2280LPM


Curtain pump = 136.8M3/Hr

No. of Pumps = 1No.

Total Flow Rate = 0.133M3/s


Considered water velocity (v) = 3m/s
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
d =
= 0.250m
= 250mm
Say = 250mm

C) Individual Suction Header size for Sprinkler , Hydrant ,Diesel pump:


Flow rate Q = 2850LPM
= 171M3/Hr
Considered water velocity (v) = 1.5m/s
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity

5
= Axv
d = √4Q/π v
= 0.200m
= 200mm
Say = 200mm
D) Individual Delivery Header size for Sprinkler , Hydrant ,Diesel pump:
Flow rate Q = 2850LPM
= 171M3/Hr
Considered water velocity (v) = 3m/sec
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
d =
= 0.142m
= 142mm
Say = 150mm
E) Suction size of jockey pumps :
Flow rate Q = 180LPM
= 10.8M3/Hr
= 0.003M3/s
Considered water velocity (v) = 1.5m/s
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
d = √4Q/π v
= 0.080m
= 80.02mm
Say = 80mm
F) Delivery size jockey pumps:
Flow rate Q = 180LPM
= 10.8M3/Hr
= 0.003M3/s
Considered water velocity (v) = 3m/s
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
d = √4Q/π v
= 0.065m
= 65.01mm
Say = 65mm

G) Individual Suction Header size for Water curtain Pump:


Flow rate Q = 2280 LPM
= 136.8 M3/Hr

Considered water velocity (v) = 1.5 m/s

6
Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
d = √4Q/π v
= 0.200 m
= 200 mm
Say = 200 mm

H) Individual Delivery Header size for Water curtain pump:


Flow rate Q = 2280 LPM
= 136.8 M3/Hr

Considered water velocity (v) = 3 m/sec


Flow rate Q = Area x velocity
= Axv
d =
=
= 0.150 m
= 150 mm
Say = 150 mm