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Unit 23

Revision
Lesson 83
Verb Tenses*

* Verb Tenses:动词时态
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© 2017 Acadsoc Limited

In this lesson…

1. Part A, Practice ONE and TWO is a MUST.


2. If there is time left, go through Part B and C with
the student.
© 2017 Acadsoc Limited

Last year for my birthday, my parents took me to New York City. We


visited the Empire State Building and took a boat to the Statue of Liberty and
Ellis Island. I liked best the boat ride through the harbor to the statue and Ellis
Island. My father says he still remembers his grandfather telling him the story
of the ocean voyage. When Great-grandfather arrived in New York, he saw
the statue. I am sure that I will always remember that story, too.

Can you recognize the verb tenses used in the paragraph?


TI: Ask S to read the paragraph first. Make sure S understands it. Then answer the questions.
© 2017 Acadsoc Limited

Verb Tenses (动词时态)


Verb tense tells when an action takes place.
Verbs not only express actions; they also tell when these actions take place.

Verb Tenses Meaning Examples


something that is
present happening now
Jane works in her garden every day.
something that has
past already happened
She dug the garden last spring.
something that will
future happen in the future
She will plant eggplant next year.

TI: 1) Ask S to read the examples. T teaches the rules of verb tenses. 2) Make sure S understands the rules.
Underline the verb in each sentence.
Then write its tense(present, past, or future).

1. I watched some movies yesterday.

2. That movie is so funny!

3. I will go to university after high school.

TI: T asks S to finish the exercise and assist S as necessary. The answers are on the next page. © 2017 Acadsoc Limited
KEY

1. I watched some movies yesterday. (past)

2. That movie is so funny! (present)

3. I will go to university after high school. (future)

TI: T checks the answers with S. © 2017 Acadsoc Limited


© 2017 Acadsoc Limited

Present (现在) - Now

Present Tense and Present Continuous

Present Examples Notes


Present It is a habit, a repetition
Jane works in her garden. that happens daily.
Tense
Present Jane is in the process of
Jane is working in her garden. working.
Continuous*

* The present continuous states an action or condition that is taking place at t


the present moment.

TI: 1) Ask S to read the examples. T teaches the rules of verb tenses. 2) Make sure S understands the rules.
© 2017 Acadsoc Limited

Past - Yesterday
Past Tense and Present Perfect

Past Examples Notes


Here, the word yesterday gives a specific time for
Past
I ate beef yesterday. when it happened. The action is completed and it
Tense is now over.
Here, the present perfect refers to an action
Present begun in the past but connected to the present.
I have eaten beef many times. It may have been completed or it may still be
Perfect*
going on.

* Present perfect verb forms show action or condition begun in the past. These
can be either finished actions or actions that continue into the present.

TI: 1) Ask S to read the examples. T teaches the rules of verb tenses. 2) Make sure S understands the rules.
Underline the correct verb form.
When Mark Twain (was growing, is growing) up, the United States was smaller
than today. There (were, have been) few good roads at that time. People of the time
(prefer, preferred) to travel by boat. Young Samuel Clemens (lived, will live) near the
Mississippi River. He often (watched, watches) boats as they floated past. No one (will
be, had been) surprised to hear that the river looks different today. When he (grows,
grew) old enough, Clemens got a job on a riverboat. Soon he was learning to pilot a
riverboat. Today we, too (learn, were learning) about riverboats through Twain’s writing.
By the time he became a writer, Clemens (will take, had taken) the name “Mark Twain”
from a riverboat term.

TI: T asks S to finish the exercise and corrects S as necessary. The answers are on the next page. © 2017 Acadsoc Limited
KEY
When Mark Twain (was growing, is growing) up, the United States was smaller
than today. There (were, have been) few good roads at that time. People of the time
(prefer, preferred) to travel by boat. Young Samuel Clemens (lived, will live) near the
Mississippi River. He often (watched, watches) boats as they floated past. No one (will
be, had been) surprised to hear that the river looks different today. When he (grows,
grew) old enough, Clemens got a job on a riverboat. Soon he was learning to pilot a
riverboat. Today we, too (learn, were learning) about riverboats through Twain’s writing.
By the time he became a writer, Clemens (will take, had taken) the name “Mark Twain”
from a riverboat term.

TI: T checks the answers with S. © 2017 Acadsoc Limited


Verb tense tells when an action takes place.

Verb Tenses Types Examples


Present Present Tense Jane works in her garden.
(Now) Present Continuous Jane is working in her garden.
Past Past Tense I ate beef yesterday.
(Yesterday) Present Perfect I have eaten beef many times.

TI: Here is the summary of the grammar learned in this lesson.


Go through with S. Make sure S understands them. © 2017 Acadsoc Limited
★1

Future - Tomorrow
Future Tense
The simple future (using “will”) and the immediate future (using “going to …”) both
indicate that an action or condition will happen in the future.

Future Examples Notes


Simple Actions that will happen in the
I will study science in college. future.
Future
Immediate Actions that are planned to
I am going to study science in college. happen in the future.
future

★7
TI: 1) If time allows, T teaches the “future” verb tense.
© 2017 Acadsoc Limited
2) Make sure S understands the rules.