Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

BAB 1

CAR

A. Kompetensi Dasar dan Indikator

a. Kompetensi Dasar: Taruna/i dapat menguasai dan menggunakan English


Technical Terms in Vehicle Inspection dalam kalimat secara lisan maupun
tertulis
b. Indikator: Taruna dapat aktif dalam perkuliahan dan dapat memahami
penggunaan vocabularies terkait parts of car dalam bentuk kalimat tertulis
(terutama dalam simple present baik kalimat aktif maupun pasif ) maupun lisan

B. Deskripsi Singkat
BAB ini mencakup bahasan tentang bagian-bagian mobil baik yang interior maupun exterior.
C. Materi
Before getting into the topic, please answer these two questions to brainstorm your prior
knowledge about car.
a) Do you know what type of car made for the first time?
b) Do you know the transformation of cars from past time to nowadays car?
Now, please read this following passage of the history of a car!
Reading Comprehension
Car’s History
If one defines a car as a ’self-propelled road vehicle capable to human transport’, the first car
was invented in France as early as 1769. This vehicle had only three wheels and was powered
by a steam engine. It was used as military tractor by the French Army to haul artillery. The
steam engine and boiler were separated from the rest of the vehicle and placed in the front.
The vehicle had to stop every ten to fifteen minutes to build up steam power. The maximum
speed was 4km/h and the steam engines added a lot of weight to vehicle and thus, were not
well suited for road vehicles. However, steam engines were used very successfully in
locomotives.
In 1870 Siegfried Marcus built the first diesel powered combustion engine, which he placed
on a pushcart, building four progressively more sophisticated combustion engine-cars over a
10-to-15 years span that influenced later cars. Marcus created the two-cycle combustion
engine. The car’s second incarnation introduced a four-cycle, gasoline-powered engine,
ingenious carburetor design and magneto ignition.
However, actually the 1830s, vehicles powered by electric motors were introduced. It took
almost half a century longer, until 1870, before internal combustion engines running on petrol
were invented. In the 1900, electric cars outsold all other types of cars. Petrol driven vehicles
only played a minor role in market. Electric vehicles had many advantages over their
competitors in the early 1900s. They were easier to start and to operate and they did not have
the vibration, smell, and noise or petrol and diesel cars. Most early electric vehicles were
expensive, massive carriages with fancy interiors specifically for the upper class. However, in
the 1920s, sales of electric vehicles decreased and the internal combustion engine came to
dominate the consumer market
(taken from handout ’Together on the Move’ and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_automobile)
I. Please answer these following questions based on the text you read!
1. When was the first car made?
2. How is the first car like?
3. How is the transformation of car each decade?
4. When was the first electric car invented?
5. Why did electric car become most-out sold car in 1900?
Parts of Car
Please study these exteriors of a car. Are you familiar with them?
II. Can you name every part of a car in this following figure using the words in the bracket?
roof rack bonnet bumper tyre exhaust windscreen wheel
engine headlight mirror steering wheel aerial wiper boot wiper wing

III. Now complete the sentences with the appropriate expressions, choose between: bumper,
boot, bonnet, seat belt, indicator, aerial, logo, sunroof, windscreen wipers, tyres, and badge
1. You open the_____ to look at the engine
2. The_____ absorb small impacts in an accident
3. Don’t forget the retract the____ before using the car wash
4. Can you put my suitcase in the ____, please?
5. When it starts raining, you need to switch on the ____
6. ‘What model is that?’ ‘I don’t know I can’t see the____ from here’.
7. It is important to inflate the ____ to correct the pressure for better fuel consumption.
8. The Mercedes star is a well-known____
9. Open the___ and let some sun and fresh air into the car.
10. I wish all drivers would use their___ when they want to turn right or left!
11. Do not forget to fasten your____, it can save your life in case of an accident.
IV. Match the words with the right description: accelerator, chain, gear, bonnet, handlebars,
reverse, brakes
1. Go into this if you want to go backward. Riverse
2. Put your foot on this to make the car go faster. _____
3. Change this in a car to change speed. _____
4. Hold these when you ride a bicycle. _____
5. This might be on your bicycle or around your neck. _____
6. Put these on if you want to stop. _____
7. Your car engine is usually under it. ______
V. Match words on the left with those on the right to find the exterior parts of the car:
1. Head A. Wipers
2. Rear B. Lights
3. Exhaust C. Plate
4. Front D. Cap
5. Petrol E. Bumper
6. Windscreen F. Mirror
7. Wing G. Handle
8. Door H. Pipe
9. Number I. Lights

VI. Complete the story below with the appropriate expressions: components, exterior, welded,
data, quality, shell, assembly, wirelessly, schedules, date, shop, frame, specific, suppliers,
rear.
Almost every car is produced to the customer’s specific requirements- a built-to-order car.
As soon as a car is ordered and a delivery_____ agreed, weekly and daily
production______ are created and sent to outside_____ and the company’s own pre-
assembly stations. This is to make sure that all the necessary ____ arrive on time.
First of all, a small____ carrier is attached to the floor pan in the body _______. This data
carrier contains all the customer’s specifications and communicates______ with control
units along the production line. In the body shop, the floor pan, wheel arches, side panels
and roof are ______ together by robots to make the ______ of the car. The add-on-parts-
the doors, boot lid and bonnet- are then mounted to make the body-in-white.
The finished body____ then goes into the paint shop where the data carrier determiners
the color. In final_____, the ____ parts (for example the front and ____ bumpers,
headlights, windscreen, and other windows) are fitted. After___ control and a final check,
the finished can be released. It is now ready for delivery to its new owner.
Car’s Safety System

There are some safety features in a car such as;


a. Warning indicators: the indicators are used to indicate operating condition of engine and
vehicle with the help of gauges and warning symbols e.g. lubricant oil pressure gauge,
engine temperature gauge, fuel gauge, door open signal gauge, handbrake signal gauge.
b. Seatbelt alarm system: one should wear a seatbelt while driving. If a driver or persons
forgets to wear it, then it will alert the driver.
c. Headlight alarm system: most modern vehicles have inbuilt headlight alarms or automatic
headlight switch off functions. Sounds an audible alarm when the ignition is turned off
while the headlights are turned on.
d. Airbag: is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restrain system. The airbag
module is designed to inflate extremely rapidly and then quickly deflate during a collision
or impact with surface or rapid sudden deceleration.
Vocabularies Worksheet
Please draw a line from words to their definition!
a. Steering wheel 1) A compartment in the back of the
b. Accelerator car, used for storage
c. Brake 2) An instrument on the dashboard
d. Gear shift that steers the car
e. Battery 3) Cools the engine and disperses
f. Muffler heat
g. Speedometer 4) Provides electricity to start the
h. Odometer car
i. Dashboard 5) The pedal used to increase speed
j. Exhaust pipe 6) Houses the steering wheel and
k. Spark Plugs instrument—radio, odometer,
l. Trunk gas and oil levels, etc., in the
m. Axle front of the car
n. Radiator 7) Controls the gear in which the
car is driving—driving
forward/reverse/neutral/2nd or
other gear
8) Reduces the noise produced by
the car
9) Indicates the total miles driven
10) A shaft on which a wheel rotates
11) Ignites the gasoline in the engine
12) The pedal used to slow and stop
the car
13) Release smoke produced by the
engine
14) Indicates the speed at which one
is driving.
Writing

Please make ten sentences with vocabularies you have studied!


1__________________________________________________
2__________________________________________________
3__________________________________________________
4__________________________________________________
5__________________________________________________
6__________________________________________________
7__________________________________________________
8__________________________________________________
9__________________________________________________
10_________________________________________________

Grammar
Present Simple
We use the present simple for things that we do regularly and for facts, habits, truths, and
permanent situation.
a. Active Form
Verba: For positive sentences, use the same form as the infinitive without to for I, you, we
and they. For he, she and it, add -s or -es to the infinitive. Make questions and negatives
with do/does+the infinitive without ’to’.
Nomina: For positive sentences, use to be such as (is, am, are)
Example:
They live in Rome
Julian starts work at nine o’clock and finishes at five
I don’t like Ford.
Does she tune up her car regularly?
b. Passive form
The passive form from simple present can be seen as the following pattern:
TO BE+PAST PARTICIPLE
Example: Toni washes his car once a week (active)—The car is washed by Toni once a
week. (passive)
Exercises I: Complete these sentences with the passive form of the verb in brackets:
1. This model _______ (produce) in the new factory in Poland.
2. German cars ______ (sell) all over the world.
3. Their new car ______ (probably make) in Korea a few years ago.
4. The orders ______ (can place) by robots since the previous century.
5. The cars ______ (assemble) by robots since the previous century.
6. Spare parts _______ (can buy) from your local dealer.
7. The interiors ______ (design) by computer for quite some time.
8. Tyres _____ (should replace) before they wear down completely.
9. The sales of car____ (plummet) in the last few months.
ExercisesII : Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets, active or
passive.
The standard tire pressure indicators 1. (warn) the driver whenever there is a fall in tire
pressure. This safety system is finding and fixing defects before someone gets hurt, rather
than just punishing them after the damage 2. (do). A driverless car (not break) many traffic
laws, 3. (not drink) while it drives, 4. (not get) distracted, 5.really (pay) attention. Human
behavior 6. (recognize) worldwide as the no.1 factor influencing road safety, being fully
responsible for 93-95 percent of accidents. The head-thorax airbags ideally 6 (position) in the
seat and 7.(deploy) as needed to deliver split-second protection for the vehicle’s occupants
should a collision be unavoidable. Audi 8. (plan) to use the light in a concept car participating
in the annual endurance held in France in June.
D. Daftar Bacaan Tambahan
For more vocabularies of parts of car, you can see in this youtube link:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5sORo2v0l0
E. Pertanyaan Kunci
Question to ask yourself: After I learned about parts of a car, how many vocabularies can I
describe? Am I able to use them in sentences both spoken and written?
To check your understanding: (a) Can you describe in brief about the history of car? (b) Can
you describe the words—gear shift, speedometer, and warning indicators?
F. Tugas
a) Please find at least 10 new vocabularies (five vocabularies of new safety features) about
parts of a car and make them in both passive and active sentence.
b) Please make a vlog of you explaining the parts of the car (the best video will be uploaded
in the youtube)