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Insulation resistance test of circuit breaker

purpose :
1.Insulation resistance tests are commonly measured directly in
megohms or may be calculated from measurements of applied voltage and
leakage current..
2.Insulation resistance test coduct to ensure that each pole of
CB has sufficient Insulation Resistance with respect to Earth (i.e. CB
body) and between each Pole

principle :

Insulation resistance measurement is based on Ohm's Law. By injecting a

known DC voltage lower than the voltage for dielectric testing and then
measuring the current flowing
. In principle, the value of the insulation resistance is very high but
not infinite, so by measuring the low current flowing, the megohmmeter
indicates the insulation resistance value, providing

a result in kW, MW, GW and also TW (on some models). This resistance
characterizes the quality of the insulation between two conductors and
a good indication of the risks of leakage currents flowing

It is important that voltage is applied because resistance tested with an

ohm meter may vary when there are no potential differences present.
It should also be noted that if you apply a voltage that is too high for
that insulation to withstand, then you could potentially damage the
Meggers are rated and have specific settings that range from 300, 600,
1000, and 3000 Volt settings.
The trained technicians and engineers at ITI specialize in megger usage
and insulation resistance testing.

Typical IR Value of circuit breaker

meggar size IR value (min)

1.(phase - earth) 5KV,10 KV 1000 MΩ

2.(phase - phase) 5KV,10 KV 1000 MΩ

3.(control circuit) 0.5 KV 50 MΩ

IR Values For Electrical Apparatus & Systems

Max.Voltage Rating Of Equipment Megger Size Min.IR
600 Volts 1,000 Volts 100 MΩ
5 KV 2,500 Volts 1,000 MΩ
8 KV 2,500 Volts 2,000 MΩ
15 KV 2,500 Volts 5,000 MΩ

procedure :

1 Inspect physical and mechanical condition.

2. Inspect anchorage, alignment, and grounding.
3. Verify that all maintenance devices such as special tools and gauges
specified by the manufacturer are available for servicing and operating
the breaker.
4. Verify the unit is clean.
5. Perform resistance measurements through all bolted connections with a
low-resistance ohmmeter, if applicable, in accordance with Section
6. Perform insulation-resistance tests in accordance from each pole-to-
ground with breaker closed and across open poles at each phase. For
single-tank breakers, perform
insulation resistance tests in accordance with Table 100.1 from
7. Perform a contact/pole-resistance test.
*4. Perform insulation-resistance tests on all control wiring with
respect to ground. Applied
potential shall be 500 volts dc for 300-volt rated cable and 1000 volts
dc for 600-volt rated
cable. Test duration shall be one minute. For units with solid-state
components or for control
devices that can not tolerate the voltage, follow manufacturer’s

factors affecting IR value of circuit breaker

1 Effect of temperature
2 The effects of humidity and surface dirt
3 The effects of residual charge
4 mechanical vibration