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Dr. Frank Mercede, P.E.

PSS®E Power Flow Analysis


Mercedes Electric Company IEEE 14-bus Test System
website: http://mercedeelectric.com July 5, 2010

PSS®E Power Flow Analysis


IEEE 14-bus Test System

Dr. Frank Mercede, P.E.


Mercedes Electric Company

IEEE 14-bus Test System in IEEE Common Data Format [1]


Dr. Frank Mercede, P.E. PSS®E Power Flow Analysis
Mercedes Electric Company IEEE 14-bus Test System
website: http://mercedeelectric.com July 5, 2010

PSS®E Data Records [2][3]


Bus Data Records

Plant Data Records

Machine Data Records

Load Data Records


Dr. Frank Mercede, P.E. PSS®E Power Flow Analysis
Mercedes Electric Company IEEE 14-bus Test System
website: http://mercedeelectric.com July 5, 2010

Fixed Shunt Data Record

Non-Transformer Branch Data Records

Two-winding Transformer Data Records

Three-winding Transformer Data Records

Note 1 - All transformers are fixed tap.


Note 2 - The original data file is presented in IEEE Common Data Format [4]. Note that the star
point of the three-winding transformer is labeled bus 7 in this format; whereas, the star point is
not labeled as a bus in the PSS®E data format. To preserve bus labeling with the PSS®E data
file, I chose to include a zero impedance branch between buses 4 and 7. Furthermore, the three-
winding leakage impedances in the IEEE Common Data file are those of its T-equivalent circuit
(i.e. Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 ); whereas, the PSS®E data record requests the short-circuit test impedances
(i.e. Z 1-2 , Z 2-3 , and Z 3-1 ). Note that Z 1-2 = Z 1 + Z 2 , Z 2-3 = Z 2 + Z 3 and Z 3-1 = Z 3 + Z 1 .
PTI INTERACTIVE POWER SYSTEM SIMULATOR--PSS®E MON, JUL 05 2010 13:12
IEEE 14-BUS TEST SYSTEM RATING %MVA FOR TRANSFORMERS
FRANK MERCEDE SET A %MVA FOR NON-TRANSFORMER BRANCHES

BUS 1 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0600PU 0.00 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
FROM GENERATION 232.4 -16.5R 233.0 233 KV MW MVAR 1
TO 2 1 156.9 -20.4 158.2 4.30 13.12 1
TO 5 1 75.5 3.9 75.6 2.76 11.41 1

BUS 2 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0450PU -4.98 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
FROM GENERATION 40.0 43.6R 59.1 59 KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 21.7 12.7 25.1
TO 1 1 -152.6 27.7 155.1 4.30 13.12 1
TO 3 1 73.2 3.6 73.3 2.32 9.79 1
TO 4 1 56.1 -1.6 56.2 1.68 5.09 1
TO 5 1 41.5 1.2 41.5 0.90 2.76 1

BUS 3 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0100PU -12.73 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
FROM GENERATION 0.0 25.1R 25.1 25 KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 94.2 19.0 96.1
TO 2 1 -70.9 1.6 70.9 2.32 9.79 1
TO 4 1 -23.3 4.5 23.7 0.37 0.95 1

BUS 4 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0177PU -10.31 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 47.8 -3.9 48.0
TO 2 1 -54.5 3.0 54.5 1.68 5.09 1
TO 3 1 23.7 -4.8 24.1 0.37 0.95 1
TO 5 1 -61.2 15.8 63.2 0.51 1.62 1
TO 7 1 28.1 -9.7 29.7 0.00 0.00 1
TO 9 1 16.1 -0.4 16.1 0.9690LK 0.00 1.30 1

BUS 5 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0195PU -8.77 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 7.6 1.6 7.8
TO 1 1 -72.7 2.2 72.8 2.76 11.41 1
TO 2 1 -40.6 -2.1 40.7 0.90 2.76 1
TO 4 1 61.7 -14.2 63.3 0.51 1.62 1
TO 6 1 44.1 12.5 45.8 0.9320LK 0.00 4.42 1

BUS 6 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0700PU -14.22 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
FROM GENERATION 0.0 12.7R 12.7 13 KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 11.2 7.5 13.5
TO 5 1 -44.1 -8.0 44.8 1.0000UN 0.00 4.42 1
TO 11 1 7.4 3.6 8.2 0.06 0.12 1
TO 12 1 7.8 2.5 8.2 0.07 0.15 1
TO 13 1 17.7 7.2 19.2 0.21 0.42 1

BUS 7 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0177PU -10.31 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO 4 1 -28.1 9.7 29.7 0.00 0.00 1
TO 3WNDTR WND 1 1 28.1 -9.7 29.7 0.9780LK 0.00 2.97

BUS 8 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0900PU -13.36 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
FROM GENERATION 0.0 17.6R 17.6 18 KV MW MVAR 1
TO 3WNDTR WND 3 1 0.0 17.6 17.6 1.0000LK 0.00 2.97

BUS 9 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0559PU -14.94 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 29.5 16.6 33.8
TO SHUNT 0.0 -21.2 21.2
TO 4 1 -16.1 1.7 16.2 1.0000UN 0.00 1.30 1
TO 10 1 5.2 4.2 6.7 0.01 0.03 1
TO 14 1 9.4 3.6 10.1 0.12 0.25 1
TO 3WNDTR WND 2 1 -28.1 -5.0 28.5 1.0000LK 0.00 2.97

BUS 10 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0510PU -15.10 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 9.0 5.8 10.7
TO 9 1 -5.2 -4.2 6.7 0.01 0.03 1
TO 11 1 -3.8 -1.6 4.1 0.01 0.03 1

BUS 11 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0569PU -14.79 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 3.5 1.8 3.9
TO 6 1 -7.3 -3.4 8.1 0.06 0.12 1
TO 10 1 3.8 1.6 4.1 0.01 0.03 1

BUS 12 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0552PU -15.08 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 6.1 1.6 6.3
TO 6 1 -7.7 -2.4 8.1 0.07 0.15 1
TO 13 1 1.6 0.8 1.8 0.01 0.01 1

BUS 13 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0504PU -15.16 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 13.5 5.8 14.7
TO 6 1 -17.5 -6.8 18.8 0.21 0.42 1
TO 12 1 -1.6 -0.7 1.8 0.01 0.01 1
TO 14 1 5.6 1.7 5.9 0.05 0.11 1

BUS 14 CKT MW MVAR MVA % 1.0355PU -16.03 X--- LOSSES ---X X---- AREA -----X
KV MW MVAR 1
TO LOAD-PQ 14.9 5.0 15.7
TO 9 1 -9.3 -3.4 9.9 0.12 0.25 1
TO 13 1 -5.6 -1.6 5.8 0.05 0.11 1
Dr. Frank Mercede, P.E. PSS®E Power Flow Analysis
Mercedes Electric Company IEEE 14-bus Test System
website: http://mercedeelectric.com July 5, 2010

References:
[1] Richard D. Christie, Power Systems Test Case Archive, Dept. of Electrical Engineering,
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, http://www.ee.washington.edu/research/pstca/
[2] PSS®E 32.0 Program Operation Manual, Siemens Power Technologies International,
Schenectady, NY, Sec. 5.2.1, Revised June 2009
[3] PSS®E 32.0 Program Application Guide – Volume 1, Siemens Power Technologies
International, Schenectady, NY, Sec. 4.8, Revised June 2009
[4] H.E. Pierce, et. al., "Common format for exchange of solved load flow data," Proceedings of
IEEE PES Winter Meeting, Paper T 72 450-5, pp 1916-1925, New York, Jan. 28 - Feb. 2,
1973