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instructables

Small AC to DC Converter

by leeselectronic

Created By: Haotian Ye IN4001 Diode (Lee's ID:796)

Overview: 16V 1000UF Electrolytic Cap (Lee's ID:867)

The small AC to DC Voltage Converter project uses 50V 0.1UF Ceramic Cap (Lee's ID:8175)
four diodes to make one bridge rectifier to transfer AC
power to DC power. Also, we use capacitors to 50V 0.22UF Ceramic Cap (Lee's ID:8174)
remove ripples in the circuit. After we transfer from
AC power to DC power, we need to use one 5v Breadboard (Lee's ID:10686)
voltage regulator to give 5v DC output from 12 v DC
output. Jumper Wires (Lee's ID: 21802)

Parts You Will Need: Mini Voltage Display (Lee's ID:1265)

Transformer 12VAC 20VA (Lee's ID:10641) IC Regulator 7805 +5V 1A (Lee's ID:7115)

Small AC to DC Converter: Page 1


Step 1: Choose the Transformer

In this project we choose a 12VAC 20VA transformer with screws at the bottom. In order to power the circuit with
this transformer, we have to screw the jumer wire pin inside and plug to the breadboard. Because this is an AC
power supply, the positive and negative side does not matter.

Step 2: Build the Bridge Rectifier With One Capacitor in Parallel With It

In this step, we build an bridge rectifier which make up of four 1N4001 diodes. Then, we parallel this rectifier with
an 1000uf parallel to remove some ripple. The thing need to be noticed is the polarity, remember the silver line on
the diode indicates that it is a cathode terminal. After finishing building, please use mini voltage display to test the
voltage across the capacitor. It will give you an around 18v DC power.

Small AC to DC Converter: Page 2


Step 3: Add the Voltage Regulator to Give 5v DC Output

In this step, we need to use the 5v IC Regulator, one 0.1uf ceramic capacitor, one 0.22uf ceramic capacitor and
one 1000uf electrolytic capacitor. For the IC regulator, with the lead on the bottom, the left is input, the middle is
ground and the right is output. After finishing building the circuit, you can use voltage display to test the output
voltage by paralleling it with the last 1000uf capacitor. You will see the output is 5v DC.

Small AC to DC Converter: Page 3


Step 4: Future Improvement

In this project, we can only have a 5v DC output. However, we can try to figure out output any voltage from 0v to
12v DC. This can be solved by replacing Voltage regulator 7805 with a variable voltage regulator LM317.

Small AC to DC Converter: Page 4