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3 Ansichten39 SeitenPractice papers for Electrostatics - JEE physics

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Practice papers for Electrostatics - JEE physics

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3 Ansichten39 SeitenPractice papers for Electrostatics - JEE physics

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Q.2 The figure below shows the forces that three charged particles exert on each other.

Which of the four situations shown can be correct.

(I) (II)

(III) (IV)

(A) all of the above (B) none of the above (C) II, III (D) II, III & IV

leaves to separate.When an object is brought near the top plate

of the electroscope, the foils separate

even further. We could conclude

(A) that the object is positively charged. (B) that the object is electrically neutral.

(C) that the object is negatively charged. (D) only that the object is charged.

2. Given are four arrangement of three fixed electric charges. In each arrangement, a

point labelled P is also identified a test charge, +q is placed at point P. All of the charges

are the same magnitude, Q, but they can be either positively or negative as indicated.

The charges and point P all lie on a straight line. The distances between adjacent items,

either between two charges or between a charge and point P, all are the same

P

I. II.

P

P P

III. IV.

Correct order of choices in a decreasing order of magnitude of force on P is

(A) II > I > III > IV (B) I > II > III > IV

(C) II > I > IV > III (D) III > IV > I > II

2. Three charges +4q, Q and +q are placed in a straight line with Q midway in between the other

two charges. If net force on +q is zero, then Q must be

(A) –q (B) –2q (C) -q/2 (D) None

3. Four charges are arranged at the corners of a square ABCD, as

shown. The force on a +ve charge kept at the centre of the square is

(C) along diagonal BD (D) perpendicular to the side AB

23. Two positively charged particles X and Y are initially far away from each other and at rest. X

begins to move towards Y with some initial velocity. The total momentum and energy of the

system are p and E.

(A) If Y is fixed, both p and E are conserved. (B) If Y is fixed, E is conserved, but

not p.

(C) If both are free to move, p is conserved but not E. (D) If both are free, E is conserved,

but not p.

Q.1 A point charge 50mC is located in the XY plane at the point of position vector

r0 2i 3j . What is the electrostatic force applied on another point charge (1 mC)

r 8i 5j

with position vector ? Assume that all distances are in SI units

(A) 12 N (B) 0.04 N

(C) 0.9 N (D) 4.5 N

shown. If an electron is placed at its centre O, force on it will

be:

(A) Zero (B) Along OF

(C) Along OC (D) None of these

8. Charged beads are placed at the corners of a square in the various configurations as shown in

figure. Black beads have charge +Q, whereas gray beads have charge –Q. Rank the

configurations according to the magnitude of the electrostatic force on a point charge placed

at the center of the square, least to greatest

(A) I > V > III > II > IV (B) III > V > I > IV > II (C) I = III > V > II > IV (D) V > II > I = IV >

III

3. Two pith balls with mass m are suspended from insulating threads. When the pith

balls are given equal positive charge Q, they hang in equilibrium as shown.

Q Q

We now increase the charge on the left ball from Q to 2Q while leaving its mass

essentially unchanged. Which of the following diagrams best represents the new

equilibrium configuration ?

2Q

(A) 2Q Q (B) Q

Q

(C) 2Q (D) 2 Q Q

DPP2 – Electric field and Field lines

Q.18 Select the correct statement : (Only force on a particle is due to electric field)

(A) A charged particle always moves along the electric line of force.

(B) A charged particle may move along the line of force

(C) A charge particle never moves along the line of force

(D) A charged particle moves along the line of force only if released from rest.

9. A negatively charged particle is moving in the positive x-direction when it enters a region with

a uniform electric field pointing in the positive x-direction. Which graph gives its position as a

function of time correctly? (Its initial position is x = 0 at t = 0).

x x x x

t t t t

6. A pendulum bob of mass m carrying a charge q is at rest with its string making an

angle q with the vertical in a uniform horizontal electric field E. The tension in the string

is :

mg qE qE

sin sin cos

(A) (B) mg (C) (D)

11. A ring of radius R carries a charge Q, uniformly distributed along its circumference. What is

R

the ratio of the electric field strength at a distance R to that at a distance 2 along the

axis?

3 3 3 3 3 2 2

(A) 8 (B) 8 (C) 4 2 (D) 3 3

13. Two identical positive charges are fixed on the y-axis, at equal distances from the origin O. A

particle with a negative charge starts on the x-axis at a large distance from O, moves along

the + x-axis, passes through O and moves far away from O. Its acceleration a is taken as

positive along its initial direction of motion. The particle’s acceleration a is plotted against its

x-coordinate. Which of the following best represents the plot?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

Q.13 A charged particle having some mass is resting in equilibrium at a height H above the

centre of a uniformly charged non-conducting horizontal ring of radius R. The force

of gravity acts downwards. The equilibrium of the particle will be stable

R

(A) for all values of H (B) only if H > 2

R R

(C) only if H < 2 (D) only if H = 2

14. The figure shows the electric field lines in the vicinity of two point charges. Which one of the

following statements concerning this situation is true ?

(A) q1 is negative and q2 is positive

q 1 q 2

(C) Both q1 and q2 have the same sign of charge

(D) The electric field is strongest midway between the charges

electric lines of force? (E is electrical field, V is potential)

(C) VA = VB (D) VB > VA

1. An electron is placed, initially at rest, in a constant uniform gravitational field and constant,

uniform electric field as shown in figure. What qualitatively, is the shape of the trajectory of the

electron?

E

g

–

e

12. The variation of electric field between the two charges q 1 and q2 along the line

joining the charges is plotted against distance from q 1 (taking rightward direction of

electric field as positive) as shown in the figure. Then the correct statement is :

q1 r

q2

(B) q1 and q2 are positive and q1 > q2

(C) q1 is positive and q2 is negative q1 < |q2|

(D) q1 and q2 are negative and |q1| < |q2|

DPP3-Potential and potential energy

Q.29 A proton and a deuteron are initially at rest and are accelerated through the same

potential difference. Which of the following is true concerning the final properties of

the two particles ?

(A) They have same speeds

(B) They have same momentum

(C) They have same kinetic energy

(D) none of these

16. When a negative charge is released and moves in electric field, it moves toward a position of

(A) lower electric potential and lower potential energy

(B) lower electric potential and higher potential energy

(C) higher electric potential and lower potential energy

(D) higher electric potential and higher potential energy

17. Four equal charges +q are placed at four corners of a square with its centre at origin and

lying in yz plane. The electrostatic potential energy of a fifth charge +q’ varies on x-axis as:

right-angled isosceles triangle as shown . The net

electrostatic energy of the configuration is zero if Q is equal

to :

q 2q

1 2 2 2

(A) (B)

(C) -2q (D) + q

19. A cube of side 'a' has a charge q placed at each of its eight corners. The potential at the

center of the cube due to all the charges is

16q 16q q q

4 0 a 3 4 0 a 4 0 a 4 0 a 3

(A) (B) (C) (D)

21. A particle A has charge +q and particle B has charge +4q with each of them having the same

mass m. When allowed to move from rest through same electrical potential difference, the

ratio of their speeds vA : vB will be (neglecting gravity)

(A) 2 : 1 (B) 1 : 2 (C) 4 : 1 (D) 1 : 4

Q.17 Two identical thin rings, each of radius R meter are coaxially placed at distance R

meter apart. If

Q1 and Q2 coulomb are respectively the charges uniformly spread on the two rings,

the work done in moving a charge q from the centre of one ring to that of the other is

q Q1Q 2 2 1 / 2.4 0 R

(C)

q 2 Q1Q 2 / 40 R

(D)

q Q1Q 2 2 1 / 2.4 R

0

Q.23 Three point charges Q, 4Q and 16Q are placed on a straight line 9 cm long. Charges

are placed in such a way that the system has minimum potential energy. Then

(A) 4Q and 16Q must be at the ends and Q at a distance of 3 cm from the 16Q.

(B) 4Q and 16Q must be at the ends and Q at a distance of 6 cm from the 16Q.

(C) Electric field at the position of Q cannot be determined.

Q

(D) Electric field at the position of Q is

40 .

29.Point charge q moves from point P to point S along the path PQRS (figure shown) in a

uniform electreic field E pointing coparallel to the positive direction of the X-axis. The

coordinates of the points P, Q, and R are (a, b, 0) (2a, 0, 0) (a, –b, 0) and (0, 0, 0)

respectively. The work done by the field in the above process is given by the

expression

X

S Q

R

(A) qEa (B) –qEa

L

M2a b2 O

bg 2

P

(C) qEa (D) qE N Q

the diagram shown in figure is:

+q q /2 +q

X

a

Y

–q –q

8Kq 2 5 1 8Kq 2 1 5

a 5 a 5

(A) (B)

4Kq 2 5 1 4Kq 2 1 5

a 5 a 5

(C) (D)

DPP4-Electrostatic potential,field and Equipotential surfaces

Q.2 Suppose a region of space has a uniform electric field, directed towards the right, as

shown below. Which statement is true?

(B) The potential at points A and B are equal, the potential at

point C is higher than the potential at point A

(C) The potential at points A and B are equal, and the potential

at point C is lower than the potential at point A

(D) The potential at point A is the highest, the potential at point B is the second

highest, and the potential at point C is the lowest.

26. In a regular polygon of n sides, each corner is at a distance r from the centre. Identical

charges are placed at (n – 1) corners. At the centre, the intensity is E and the potential is V.

The ratio V/E has magnitude.

(A) r n (B) r (n – 1) (C) (n – 1)/r (D) r(n – 1)/n

27. A charge 3 coulomb experiences a force 3000 N when placed in a uniform electric field. The

potential difference between two points separated by a distance of 1 cm along the field lines

is

(A) 10 V (B) 90 V (C) 1000 V (D) 9000V

29. In a certain region of space, the potential is given by : V = k[2x 2 – y2 + z2]. The electric field at

the point

(1, 1, 1) has magnitude =

30. Uniform electric field of magnitude 100 V/m in space is directed along the line y = 3 + x. Find

the potential difference between point A (3, 1) & B (1, 3)

(A) 100 V (B) 200V (C) 200 V (D) 0

V (A) = 2 volt.

V(P) = V(B) = V(D) = 5 volt.

V (C) = 8 volt.

(A) 10 Vm–1 along PQ (B) V m–1 along PA

(C) 5 V m–1 along PC (D) 5 V m–1 along

PA

33. A non-conducting ring of radius 0.5 m carries a total charge of 1.11 × 10 -10 C distributed

non-uniformly on its circumference producing an electric field every where in space. The

0

E.d

value of the line integral (l = 0 being centre of the ring) in volts is :

(A) + 2 (B) -1 (C) - 2 (D) zero

two charges system. At which of the labeled

points point will an electron have the highest

potential energy?

(C) Point C (D) Point D

Q.24 Potential at a point A is 3 volt and at a point B is 7 volt , an electron is moving

towards A from B.

(A) to reach A it must have more than or equal to 11 eV K. E. at B.

(B) It need not have any K.E. at B to reach A

(C) to reach A it must have more than or equal to 4 eV K. E. at B.

(D) when it will reach A, it will have K.E. more then or at least equal to 4 eV if it

was released from rest at B.

26. In the figure equipotential surfaces are shown. A particle of charge q and mass m is released

from rest from origin at t = 0. Co-ordinate of particle at t = 1 sec is

Y

45° 45°

50V1 40V 30V 20V

cm 0 X

q ˆ ˆ q ˆ ˆ

50 (i j ) m 50 (i j ) m

(1) m (2) m

q ˆ ˆ q

10 (i j ) m 50 ( iˆ ˆj ) m

(3) m (4) m

DPP5-Spherical charges (non conducting)

49. A solid sphere of radius R is charged uniformly. At what distance from its surface is the

electrostatic potential half of the potential at the centre?

(A) R (B) R/2 (C) R/3 (D) 2R

Q.46 Two spherical, nonconducting, and very thin shells of uniformly distributed positive

charge Q and radius d are located a distance 10d from each other. A positive point

charge q is placed inside one of the shells at a distance d/2 from the center, on the line

connecting the centres of the two shells, as shown in the figure. What is the net force

on the charge q?

qQ qQ

3610d 2 3610d 2

(A) to the left (B) to the right

362qQ 360qQ

3610d 2 3610d 2

(C) to the left (D) to the right

sphere. The centres of sphere and cavity are displaced by a small distance l . Force

on charge q is :

(A) in the direction parallel to vector l

(B) in radial direction

(C) in a direction which depends on the magnitude of charge density in sphere

(D) direction can not be determined.

Q.49 A bullet of mass m and charge q is fired towards a solid

uniformly charged sphere of radius R and total charge + q. If

it strikes the surface of sphere with speed u, find the minimum

speed u so that it can penetrate through the sphere.

(Neglect all resistance forces or friction acting on bullet except electrostatic forces)

q q q 3q

20 mR 40 mR 80 mR 40 mR

(A) (B) (C) (D)

Q.3 A total charge Q is distributed over two concentric hollow spheres of radii a and b, (b

> a), such a way that their surface charge densities are equal. The potential at the

common centre is given by

Q (a b) Q (b a )

. 2 . 2

(A)

4 0 (a b 2 ) (B)

4 0 (a b 2 )

Q (a b) Q (b a )

. .

(C)

4 0 (a b)

2

(D)

4 0 (a b ) 2

DPP6-Gauss’ law – Basics

25. Find the total flux due to charge q associated with the given hemispherical surface

q q q

a , b 0, c , d 0, e 0 f

1)

2 0 0 0

q q q

a 0, b , c 0, d , e 0 f

2)

2 0 0 0

q q q q

a , b , c 0, d , e 0 f

3)

2 0 0 0 0

q q q q

a 0, b , c 0, d , e f

4)

2 0 0 0 0

Q.44 Electric flux through a surface of area 100 m 2 lying in the xy plane is (in V-m) if

E î 2 ĵ 3k̂

(A) 100 (B) 141.4 (C) 173.2 (D) 200

cuts through a spherical Gaussian surface of radius R at a distance x

from its center, as shown in the

figure. The electric flux through the Gaussian surface is

R 2

2 R 2 x 2 R x 2

R2 x2

0 0 0 0

(A) (B) (C) (D)

3. Three nonconducting infinite planar sheets are parallel to the y-z plane. Each sheet has a

uniform surface charge density. The first sheet, with a negative surface charge density –s,

passes through the x-axis at x=1 m. The second sheet has an unknown surface charge

density and passes through the x-axis at x = 2m. The third sheet has a negative surface

charge density –3s and passes through the x-axis at x = 4m. The net electric field due to the

sheets is zero at x = 1.5 m. Which of the following options is incorrect?

(A) The surface charge density on the second sheet is +2s. (B) The electric field at x = –2

m is

(C) The electric field at x = 3 m is (D) The electric field at x = 6m is

Q.36 Charges Q1 and Q2 lies inside and outside respectively of a closed surface S. Let E be

the field at any point on S and f be the flux of E over S. Which of the following

statements is incorrect?

(A) If Q1 changes, both E and f will change.

(B) If Q2 changes, E will change but f will not change.

(C) If Q1 = 0 and Q2 ¹ 0 then E ¹ 0 but f = 0.

(D) If Q1 ¹ 0 and Q2 = 0 then E = 0 but f ¹ 0.

N m2 N

2 2

(A) Coul 2 (B) Coul m (C) volt-m (D) Volt-m3

Q.38 Which of the following statements are correct?

(A) Electric field calculated by Gauss law is the field due to only those charges which

are enclosed inside the Gaussian surface.

(B) Gauss law is applicable only when there is a symmetrical distribution of charge.

(C) Electric flux through a closed surface will depend only on charges enclosed

within that surface only.

(D) None of these

Q.39 Two infinite non conducting sheets of uniform charge density +s and –s are parallel

to each other as shown in the figure. Electric field at the

+ –

+ –

+ ++ – –

–

+ –

+ –

+ –

+ –

(A) points to the left or to the right of the sheets is equal and non-zero.

(B) midpoint between the sheets is zero.

(C) midpoint of the sheets is s / e0 and is directed towards right.

(D) midpoint of the sheet is 2s / e0 and is directed towards right.

3. Electric charge is uniformly distributed along a long straight wire of radius 1 mm.

The charge per cm length of the wires is Q coulomb. Another cylindrical surface of

radius 50 cm and length 1 m symmetrically encloses the wire as shown in the figure.

The total electric flux passing through the cylindrical surface is

Q 100Q

1)

0 2)

0

10Q 100Q

3)

0 4)

0

6. Shown below is a distribution of charges. The flux of electric field due to these

charges through the surface S is

1)

3q / 0 2)

2q / 0

3)

q / 0 4) Zero

DPP7-Properties of conductors

45. An uncharged sphere of metal is placed between two oppositely charged parallel plates. The

lines of force look like

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

46. n small drops of same size are charged to V volts each. If they coalesce to form a single large

drop, then its potential will be

(A) V/n (B) Vn (C) Vn1/3 (D) Vn2/3

47. A hollow metal sphere of radius 5 cm is charged such that the potential on its surface is 10 V.

The potential at the centre of the sphere is

(A) 0 V

(B) 10 V

(C) same as at point 5 cm away from the surface out side sphere.

(D) same as a point 25 cm away from the surface.

48. If the electric potential of the inner metal sphere is 10 volt & that of the outer shell is 5 volt,

then the potential at the centre will be :

(A) 10 volt

(B) 5 volt

(C) 15 volt

(D) 0

50. Both question (a) and (b) refer to the system of charges as shown in the figure. A spherical

shell with an inner radius 'a' and an outer radius 'b' is made of conducting material. A point

charge +Q is placed at the centre of the spherical shell and a total charge – q is placed on the

shell.

(A) – Q on the inner surface, – q on outer surface

(B) – Q on the inner surface, – q + Q on the outer surface

(C) +Q on the inner surface, –q – Q on the outer surface

(D) The charge –q is spread uniformly between the inner and outer surface.

(b) Assume that the electrostatic potential is zero at an infinite distance from the spherical shell.

The electrostatic potential at a distance R (a < R < b) from the centre of the shell is

(A) 0 (B) (C) (D) (where K = )

51. There are four concentric conducting shells A, B, C and D of radii a, 2a, 3a and 4a

respectively. Shells B and D are given charges +q and –q respectively. Shell C is now

earthed. The potential difference VA – VC is :

Kq Kq Kq Kq

(A) 2a (B) 3a (C) 4a (D) 6a

52. Two identical small conducting spheres, having charges of opposite sign, attract each other

with a force of 0.108 N when separated by 0.5 m. The spheres are connected by a conducting

wire, which is then removed, and thereafter, they repel each other with a force of 0.036 N.

The initial charges on the spheres are

(A) ± 5 ×10-6 C and 15 × 10-6 C (B) ± 1.0 × 10-6 C and 3.0 × 10-6 C

-6

(C) ± 2.0 × 10 C and 6.0 × 10 C -6 (D) ± 0.5 × 10-6 C and 1.5 × 10-6 C

Q.54 Three concentric metallic spherical shell A, B and C or radii a, b and c (a < b < c)

have surface charge densities – s, + s, and – s respectively. The potential of shell A

is :

(A)

0 [a + b – c] (B)

0 [a – b + c]

(C)

0 [b – a – c] (D) none

2. A point charge q is placed at the centre of a spherical metallic shell of radius R. Another point

charge q’ is placed at a distance 2R from the centre of the shell. The force exerted by the

induced charges of the shell on the charge q is :

qq' qq'

(A) 0 (B)

4 0 R2 (C)

160 R2 (D) can not be determined

DPP8- Conductors-2

Q.58 An ellipsoidal cavity is carved within a perfect conductor.

A positive charge q is placed at the center of the cavity.

The points A & B are on the cavity

surface as shown in the figure. Then :

(A) electric field near A in the cavity = electric field near B in the cavity

(B) charge density at A = charge density at B

(C) potential at A = potential at B

(D) total electric field flux through the surface of the cavity is q/e0 .

Q.60. Four metallic plates are placed as shown in the figure. Plate 2 is given a charge Q

whereas all other plates are uncharged. Plates 1 and 4 are joined together. The area of

each plate is same.

1 2 3 4

Q

d 2d d

(A) zero (B) +Q/4 (C) –3Q/4 (D) Q/2

Q.63 There are four concentric shells A, B, C and D of radii a, 2a, 3a and 4a respectively.

Shells B and D are given charges +q and –q respectively. Shell C is now earthed. The

potential difference VA – VC is :

(A) (B) (C) (D)

4. A conducting sphere of radius R and charge Q is placed near a

uniformly charged nonconducting infinitely large thin plate having

surface charge density s. Then

find the potential at point A (on the surface of sphere) due to charge on sphere

1

4π 0

(here K = , q0 = 3 )

(A) KR (B) K (C) K (D) none of these

1. A point charge q is placed inside a conducting spherical shell of inner radius 2R and outer

radius 3R at a distance R from the centre. The electric potential at the centre of shell will be

times

q 4q 5q 2q

(A) 2R (B) 3R (C) 6R (D) 3R

6. Figure shows two conducting thin concentric shells (there is

a very small opening in the outer shell) of radii r and 3r. The

outer shell carries charge q and inner shell is neutral. The

amount of charge which flows from inner shell to the earth

after the key K is closed, is equal to:

(A) –q/3

(B) q/3

(C) 3q

(D) –3q

Q.43 For the situation shown in the figure below, mark out the correct statement(s)

q B

d

R

H o llo w n e u tra l c o n d u c to r

q

(B) Potential of the conductor is

40 d

(C) Potential of the conductor can’t be determined as nature of distribution of induced

charges is not known

qR

(D) Potential at point B due to induced charges is

40 (d R )d

19. Three very large plates are given charges as shown in the figure. If the cross-

sectional area of each plate is the same, the final charge distribution on plate C

is

b) +6Q on the inner surface, +4Q on the outer surface

c) +7Q on the inner surface, +3Q on the outer surface

d) +8Q on the inner surface, +2Q on the outer surface

DPP9-Dipole

Ques. Calculate dipole moment of a system of a uniformly charged semi circular wire (charge +Q,

radius R) and a charge (-Q) placed at the centre of semicircle.

(A) QR (B) QR/2 (C) Zero (D) QR/2π

3. An electric dipole when placed in a uniform electric field will have maximum potential energy if

the dipole moment makes the following angle with

3

(1) p (2) 2

(3) Zero (4) 2

4. An electric dipole is placed in uniform electric field. It may experience

(1) Resultant force and torque

(2) Only resultant force

(3) Only torque

(4) All of these

37. An electric dipole is placed near a positive charge. It will experience

(A) A torque only

(B) A force only

(C) Both torque and force

(D) It will depend on the orientation of the dipole with respect to the charge

38. The electric potential at a point on the axis of an electric dipole depends on the distance r of

the point from the dipole as

1 1 1

2 3

(A) r (B) r (C) r (D) r

39. The work done in rotating a dipole through 180º from electric field direction is

pE

(A) pE (B) 2pE (C) 2 (D) Zero

40. A and B are two points on the axis and the perpendicular bisector respectively of an electric

dipole. A and B are far away from the dipole and at equal distance from it. The field at A and

B are .

EA EB E A 2E B

(A) (B)

1

E A 2 E B | EB | |E | EB

(C) (D) 2 A , and is perpendicular

EA

to

41. Figure shows the electric field lines around an electric dipole.

P?

(A) (B)

(C) (D)

42. Point P lies on the axis of a dipole. If the dipole is rotated by 90° anticlock wise, the electric

field vector at P will rotate by

(A) 90° clock wise (B) 180° clock wise

(C) 90° anti clock wise (D) none

43. 4 charges are placed each at a distance 'a' from origin. The dipole

moment of configuration is

(A)

2qaĵ (B)

3qaĵ (C)

2aq[î ˆj] (D) none

20. An electric dipole of dipole moment P is kept at a distance r from an infinite long

charged wire of linear charge density as shown. The force acting on the dipole is

P P 2P P

1)

2 0 r 2) 0 r 3) 0 r 2

2 2

4)

4 0 r 2

from a dipole with dipole moment P as shown in

figure. The x component of force

acting on the charge – Q is -

cos î cos î cos î cos î

(A) – r (B) r (C) – r3 (D) r3

Q.31 A wheel having mass m has charges +q and –q on diametrically opposite points.

It remains in equilibrium on a rough inclined plane in the

presence of uniform vertical electric field E =

mg mg

(A) q (B) 2q

mg tan

(C) 2q (D) none

Ex. 1 Seven capacitors, each of capacitance 2mF are to be connected to obtain a capacitance of 10/11 mF.

Which of the following combinations is possible ?

(A) 5 in parallel 2 in series (B) 4 in parallel 3 in series

(C) 3 in parallel 4 in series (D) 2 in parallel 5 in series

53. The effective capacity between A and B in Fig. will be :

Q.1 The equivalent capacitance between the points A and B in the following combination

of three capacitors is :

3 F 3 F 3 F

D B

A

Q.9 If charge on left plate of the 5 F capacitor in the circuit segment shown in the figure is –20 C, the

charge on the right plate of 3 F capacitor is–

3F

5F C 2F

C

4F

(A) + 8.57 C

(B) – 8.57 C

(C) + 11.42 C

(D) – 11.42 C

Q.6 In the circuit diagram, potential difference between points A and B is maintained 200

volt, the potential difference between points a and b when the switch S is

.

open, is:

A

200V

3F F

a

S

. b

F 3F

.

B

200

(A) 100 volts (B) 3 volt

100

(C) 3 volt (D) 50 volt

Q.7 In the above question the potential difference between point a and b when switch S is

closed, is:

200 200

(A) 200 volt (B) 100 volt (C) 3 volt (D) 9 volt

31. The effective capacity in the following figure between the points P and Q will be –

33. The charge on the condenser of capacitance 2mF in the following circuit will be –

(A) 4.5 mC (B) 6.0 mC (C) 7 mC (D) 30 mC

51. The resultant capacity between the points A and B in the following circuit will be-

DPP11-Series and parallel -2

Ex. 4 In the circuit shown, if potential of A is 10V, then potential of B is -

1 F 1F

B

1F

A

10V

(A) 25/3 V (B) 50/3 V

(C) 100/3 V (D) 50 V

Q.18 Five capacitors are connected as shown in figure below. Initially S is opened and all capacitors are

uncharged. When S is closed, steady state is obtained. The p.d. between the points M and N will

be ...................

S M

4µF 2µF 4µF

7V 31V

6µF 1.2µF

N

(A) 6 V (B) 8V

(C) 12V (D) 4V

Q.3 Two spherical conductors A1 and A2 of radii r1 and r2 are placed concentrically in air. The two are

connected by a copper wire as shown in fig. Then the equivalent capacitance of the system is-

A2

A1

r1

r2

4 0 k r1.r2

(A) r2 r1 (B) 4 (r1 + r2)

Q.8 Two metallic spheres of radii a and b are separated by a distance d as shown in figure. the capacity

of the system is (assuming d is very large in comparison to a and b) -

a

d b

(B) 2 0/(1/a – 1/b + 1/d)

(C) 4 0/(1/a + 1/b – 1/d)

(D) 4 0(a + b)

Q.10 A capacitor of capacitance C is charged to a potential difference V 0. The charging battery is

disconnected and the capacitor is connected to an uncharged capacitor of unknown capacitance

Cx. The P.D. across the combination is V. The value of Cx should be-

C(V0 V ) C(V V0 )

(A) V (B) V

CV CV0

(C) V0 (D) V

C

A

C C

C C C

B

(A) C/4 (B) C/2

(C) C (D) 2C

Q.13 For circuit, the equivalent capacitance between P and Q is –

P Q

C C C C C C

Q.18 Five identical plates each of area A are joined as shown in the figure the distance between the

plates is d. The plates are connected to a potential difference of V volts. The charges on plates 1

and 4 will be –

–

V

1 2 3 4 5 +

0 AV 2 0 AV 0 AV 2 0 AV

(A) d , d (B) d , d

0 AV 2 0 AV 0 AV 2 0 AV

(C) d , d (D) d , d

Q.23 Find the equivalent capacitance of the circuit between point A and B.

C 2C 4C 8C

C C C C

A Infinite B

section

C 2C 4C 8C

(A)C (B)2C

(C)3C (D)4C

5. Five capacitors together with their capacitances are shown in the adjoining figure. The

potential difference between the points A and B is 60 volt. The equivalent capacitance

between the point A and B and charge on capacitor 5mF will be respectively –

(A) 44 mF, 30 mC (B) 16 mF, 150 mC(C) 15 mF, 200 mC (D) 4 mF, 50 mC

DPP12-Energy stored in a capacitor

33. Select correct statement for a capacitor having capacitance C, is connected to a

source of constant emf E

1) Almost whole of the energy supplied by the battery will be stored in the capacity, if

resistance of connecting wire is negligibly small

2) Energy received by the capacitor will be half of energy supplied by the battery only

when the capacitor was initially uncharged

3) Stored energy in the capacitor must increases even if the capacitor had an initial

charge

4) Energy stored in the capacitor is always more than work done by battery.

Q.20 A parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C is connected to a battery and is charged to a potential

difference V. Another capacitor of capacitance 2C is similarly charged to a potential difference

2V. The charging battery is now disconnected and the capacitor are connected in parallel to each

other in such a way that the positive terminal of one is connected to the negative terminal of the

other. The final energy of the configuration is-

3

CV 2

(A) zero (B) 2

25 9

CV 2 CV 2

(C) 6 (D) 2

C = 2F are connected with a battery of emf 30V as shown in the figure. When the switch S is

closed, then which of the following statements is incorrect? –

S

C

C

C

30V

(A) the amount of charge flown through the battery is 20 C

(B) the heat generated in the circuit is 0.6 mJ

(C) the energy supplied by the battery is 0.6 mJ

(D) the amount of charge flown through the switch S is 60 C

Q.38 A parallel plate capacitor having plate area A and separation between plates 'd' is connected to a

battery of emf 'V'. The plates are pulled apart to increase the separation to '2d'. Choose the correct

option -

0 AV

(A) charge flow through the circuit during the process is 2d

(B) energy released by battery in the process is zero

0 AV 2

(C) energy released by the battery in this process is 2d

0 AV 2

(D) energy absorbed by the battery in this process is 2d

16. The plate separation in a parallel plate condenser is d and plate area is A. If it is charged to V

volt & battery is disconnected then the work done in increasing the plate separation to 2d will

be–

2

3 0 AV 0 AV 2 2 0 AV 2 0 AV 2

(A) 2

d (B)

d (C)

d (D)

2d

54. The total energy stored in the condenser system shown in the figure will be–

12. N identical capacitor are joined in parallel and the combination is charged to a potential V. Now if they

are separated and then joined in series then energy of combination will :–

(A) remain same and potential difference will also remain same

(B) remain same and potential difference will become NV

(C) increase N times and potential difference will become NV

(D) increase N time and potential difference will remains same

Q.35 Two plates of a parallel plate capacitors carry charges q and –q and are separated by a distance x

from each other. The capacitor is connected to a constant voltage source V 0. The distance between

the plates is changed to x + dx. Then in steady state : (U is the initial electrostatic energy of

capacitor when separation between plates was x)

V0

+q –q

x

−Udx

(A) Change in electrostatic energy stored in the capacitor is x

Ux

(B) Change in electrostatic energy stored in the capacitor is dx

(C) Change in electrostatic energy stored in the capacitor is zero

(D) Change in electrostatic energy stored in the capacitor is positive

13. The net energy stored in the system after the switch S is closed is:

A B C D E F

S

V

30 A 2 50 A 2 0 A 2 0 A 2

V V V V

(A) 2d (B) 12d (C) 2d (D) d

Q.6 In the circuit diagram, potential difference between points A and B is maintained 200

.

volt, the heat dissipated in the circuit when S gets closed (in mJ) is:

A

200V

3F F

a

S

. b

F 3F

.

B

(A) 2/3 (B)1/3

(C) 1 (D)4/3

capacitance 2 F as shown in figure. When switch S is closed –

4F 2F

+–

20C ++ ––

+–

+–

+–

+– C

S

10V

40

(A) charged flown through the battery is 3 C

20

(B) charge flown through the battery is 3 C

200

(C) work done by the battery is 3 J

100

(D) work done by the battery is 3 J

26. A parallel plate capacitor of capacity Co is charged to a potential Vo.

A) The energy stored in the capacitor when the battery is disconnected and the

plate separation is doubled is E1

B) The energy stored in the capacitor when the charging battery is kept connected

E1

and the separation between the capacitor plates is doubled is E . Then E2 value is

2

1) 4 2) 3/2 3) 2 4) 1/2

DPP13-Effect of dielectrics

Q.5 The capacity of a parallel plate condenser is C 0. If a dielectric of relative permittivity r and

thickness equal to one fourth the plate separation is placed between the plates, then its capacity

C

becomes C. Then value of C0 will be-

5 r 4 r

(A) 4 r 1 (B) 3 r 1

3 r 2 r

(C) 2 r 1 (D) r 1

Q.6 Two metal plates form a parallel plate condenser. The distance between the plates is d. A metal

plate of thickness d/2 and of the same area is inserted completely between the plates. The ratio of

capacitances in the two cases (later to initial) is -

(A) 2 : 1 (B) 1 : 2

(C) 1 : 1 (D) 1 : 4

Q.7 A parallel plate capacitor is completely filled by an insulating material 3 mm thick and of relative

permittivity 4. The distance between the plates is increased to allow the insertion of a second sheet

5 mm thick and of relative permittivity r also. If the capacitance of the capacitor so formed is

one-half of the original capacitance, then the value of r -

20 16

(A) 3 (B) 3

10

(C) 3 (D) None of these

Q.16 In the adjoining figure, capacitor (1) and (2) have a capacitance 'C' each. When the dielectric of

dielectric constant K is inserted between the plates of one of the capacitor, the total charge flowing

through battery is –

E

B C

C C

A D

1 2

KCE

(A) K 1 from B to C

KCE

(B) K 1 from C to B

(K 1)CE

(C) 2(K 1) from B to C

(K 1)CE

(D) 2(K 1) from C to B

Q.23 A parallel plate capacitor has two layers of dielectric as shown in figure. This capacitor is

connected across a battery. The graph which shows the variation of electric field (E) and

distance (x) from left plate –

y

k=2 k=4

x

(d,0) (3d,0)

y y

x x

(A) (d,0) (3d,0) (B) (d,0) (3d,0)

y y

x x

(C) (d,0) (3d,0) (D) (d,0) (3d,0)

Q.24 On placing a dielectric plate between the plates of a isolated charged condenser its –

Capacity Charge

ifference stored field

(A) Decreases Remains Decreases Increases Increases

unchanged

(B) Increases Remains Increases Increases Decreases

unchanged

(C) Increases Remains Decreases Decreases Decreases

unchanged

(D) Decreases Remains Decreases Increases Remains

unchanged unchanged

Q.26 The distance between plates of a parallel plate capacitor is 5d. Let the positively charged

plate is at x = 0 and negatively charged plate is at x = 5d. Two slabs one of conductor and other

of a dielectric of equal thickness d are inserted between the plates as shown in figure.

Potential versus distance graph will look like –

Cond. Diele.

x

(A) d 2d 3d 4d 5d

x

(B) d 2d 3d 4d 5d

x

(C) d 3d 4d 5d

x

(D) d 2d 3d 4d 5d

Q.15 What is the capacitance of the capacitor of square plates of area A, Shown in figure –

P

K3 d

K1 d

0 A K 1K 2

(A) 4d K1 K 2

0 A K 1 (K 1 K 2 )

(B) d 3K 1 K 2

0 A K 1 (K 1 3K 2 )

(C) 4d K1 K 2

0 A

(D) 4d(K 1 3K 2 )

Q.27 A parallel plate capacitor without any dielectric has capacitance C 0. A dielectric slab is made up to

two dielectric slabs of dielectric constants K and 2K and is of same dimensions as that of capacitor

plates and both the parts are of equal dimensions arranged serially as shown. If this dielectric slab

is introduced (dielectric K enters first) in between the plates at constant speed, then variation of

capacitance with time will be best represented by-

A A A

V K 2K

L L L

C C

C0 C0

(A) t (B) t

C C

C0 C0

(C) t (D) t

0 A

d1 d2 d3 d 4 0 A

K1 K 2 K 3 K 4

(A) C = (B) C = 4d

4d K 1K 2K 4K 3

0 A 4d

(C) C = (D) C =

64. The plates of a parallel plate condenser are being moved away with a constant speed v. If the

plate separation at any instant of time is d then the rate of change of capacitance with time is

proportional to–

1 1

2

(A) d (B) d (C) d2 (D) d

Q.22 A capacitor is connected to a battery. The force of attraction between the plates when the

separation between them is halved -

(A) remains the same

(B) becomes eight times

(C) becomes four times

(D) becomes two times

Q.14 A dielectric slab is inserted between the plates of an isolated charged capacitor. The force on the

plates will -

(A) Increase (B) Decrease

(C) Remain unchanged (D) Become zero

Q.1 The force between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor of capacitance C and

distance of separation of the plates d with a potential difference V between the plates

is:

(A) CV2/2d (B) C2V2/2d2 (C) C2V2/d2 (D) V2d/C

Q.24 The plates S and T of an uncharged parallel plate capacitor are connected across a battery. The

battery is then disconnected and the charged plates are now connected in a system as shown in the

figure. The system shown is in equilibrium. All the strings are insulating and massless. The

magnitude of charge on one of the capacitor plates is : [Area of plates = A]–

k S T

4mgA 0

2mgA 0 k

(A) (B)

2mgA 0

mgA 0 k

(C) (D)

60. Two isolated metallic solid spheres of radii R and 2R are charged such that both of these

have same charge density s. The spheres are located far away from each other, and

connected by a thin conducting wire. Then the new charge density on the bigger sphere is.

5 5 7 7

(A) 6 (B) 3 (C) 6 (D) 3 \

4. Three parallel metallic plates, each of area A are kept as shown in the figure and charges Q 1, Q2 and Q3

are given to them. Edge effects are negligible. Calculate the charges on the two outermost surfaces 'a'

and 'f'.

a b c d e f

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q1 Q2 Q 3 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q1 Q2 Q 3

(A) 2 (B) 3 (C) 3 (D) 2

Q.28 The metal plate on the left in the fig. carries a charge +q. The metal plate on the right has a charge

of –2q. What charge will flow from plate to earth through S when it is closed if the central plate is

initially neutral ?

q –2q

d d

(C) + q (D) + 2q

67. A spherical condenser has 10 cm and 12 cm as the radii of inner and outer

spheres. The space between the two spheres is filled with a dielectric of

dielectric constant 5. The capacity when;

(i) the outer sphere is earthed.

2 8

(A) 3 × 10 –1 0 F (B) 3 × 10 – 10 F

10 16

(C) 3 × 10 – 10 F (D) 3 × 10 – 10 F

(ii) the inner sphere is earthed.

104 52 26

(A) 30 × 10 –1 0 F (B) 30 × 10 –1 0 F (C) 30 × 10 –1 0 F (D) 6 × 10 –1 1 F

28. Four identical capacitors are connected in series with a battery of emf 10V. The point X is earthed.

Than the potential of point A is–

10V

+ -

C C C X C

A B