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Calculate Numer of Plate / Pipe Ear

Calculate No of Plate Earthing


As per IS 3043-1987
Short circuit Current(Isc) 65000 Amp
Duration of Fault in sec (t) 1 Sec
Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank) 100 Ω-Mt.
Soil Resistivity 100 Ω-Mt.

Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id) 757 Amp/Sq.Mt


Permissible Earth Resistance of System 2 Ω
Detail of Plate Earthing:
Plate Width 600 mm
Plate Height 600 mm
Surface Area of both sides of plate(S) 0.72 Sq.Mt
Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode 545.04 Amp
Single Earth Plate Resistance 290.14 Ω
No of Copper Plates Earthing Required 119 Nos

Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Parallel 1


Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430): Traingle
Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D) 8 Meter
Overlall Earthing Resistance of 119 Nos of Electrodes 2.467 Ω
Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground Yes
Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire:
Strip Width(w): 12 mm
Strip Length(L): 2200 Mt
Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t): 200 mm
Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S): 52.8 Sq.Mt
Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode 0.00 Amp
Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire: 0.1601 Ω
Results
No of Plate Earthing 119 Nos
Arrangement of Plate Earthing Parallel
Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground Yes
Overlall Resistance of Earthing Plate 2.4666 Ω
Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire 0.1601 Ω
Total Earth Resistance of Plate Earthing & Earth Strip 0.1503 Ω

:Calculation:
Earthing Strip Size A=(IscX√t)/K
Current Density permissible at an Earth Electrode Id=(7.57*1000)/√(ρxt) Amps/Sqmeter
No of Plates required N=Isc/Id/S
Plate R=(ρ/S)*(√Π/S) Ohm
Pipe or Rod R= (100ρ/2ΠL)*log℮(4L/d)ohms
Stip or Conductor R=(100ρ/2ΠL)*log℮(2L²/wt) ohms
Plate / Pipe Earthing
Calculate No of Pipe Earthing
As per IS 3043-1987
Short circuit Current(Isc) 50000
Duration of Fault in sec (t) 1
Soil Resisitivity (ρ) If You Know (Otherwise Leave Blank) 72.44
Soil Resistivity 72.44

Permissible Current Density at Earth Electrode (Id) 889.42


Permissible Earth Resistance of System 1
Detail of Pipe Earthing:
Diameter of Pipe(d) 100
Radius of GI Pipe(R.) 0.05
length of Pipe(L) 3
Surface Area(S) 0.943
Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode 838.37
Single Cast Iron Pipe Resistance 18.408
No of Pipe Earthing Required 60
Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Parallel
Formation of Parallel Earthing (As per BS 7430): Hollow Sqare
Distance Betweem successive Electrodes (D) 8
Overlall Earthing Resistance of 60 Nos of Electrodes 0.514
Whether Earthing Strip / Wire Buried in Ground Yes
Earth Resistance of Buried Strip / Wire:
Strip Width(w): 12
Strip Length(L): 2200
Depth of Burial of Strip Electrode(t): 200
Surface Area of both sides of Strip(S): 52.8
Max.Current Dessipated by One Electrode 46961.35
Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire: 0.1160
Results
No of Pipe Earthing 60
Arrangement of Pipe Earthing Parallel
Earthing Strip / Wire For Earthing Buried in Ground Yes
Overlall Resistance of Earthing Pipe/Rod 0.5135
Resistance of Earthing Strip/Wire 0.1160
Total Earth Resistance of Pipe Earthing & Earth Strip 0.0946
Amp Normal Short Circuit Value
Sec 440KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
Ω-Mt. 220KV 40 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
Ω-Mt. 132KV 35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
66KV 25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
11KV(Urban) 35 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
11KV(Rural) 25 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
Amp/Sq.Mt 415V 10 KA for 1 to 3 Sec
Ω 220V 6 KA for 1 to 3 Sec

mm Typical soil resistivity (IEEE 142 / BS 7430)


Mt. Soil Type Avg. Resistivity (Ω‐m)
Mt. Well‐graded gravel 600 – 1000
Sq.Mt Poorly graded gravel 1000 – 2500
Amp Clayey gravel 200 – 400
Ω Silty sand 100 – 800
Nos Clayey sands 50 – 200
1 Silty or clayey sand 30 – 80

Meter Fine sandy soil 80 – 300


Ω Gravelly clays 20 – 60
Inorganic clays 10 – 55
Surface Soils 1 ‐ 50
mm Clay 2 ‐ 100
Mt Sandy clay 100 ‐ 150
mm Moist gravel 50 ‐ 700
Sq.Mt Dry gravel 700 ‐ 1200
Amp Limestone 5 ‐ 10000
Ω Porous limestone 30 ‐ 100
Quartz, limestone 100 ‐ 1000
Nos Sandstone 20 ‐ 2000
Granites 900 ‐ 1100

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