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Curriculum Planning In The Philippine Model

Outline of Presentation
> definition of curriculum Planning
> Needs and Importance
> The Need of Curriculum Framework
> The Bases of Curriculum Planning
> Factors in Curriculum Planning
> Major issues as to Who Plans the Curriculum
> Characteristics of Curriculum Planning

CURRICULUM PLANNING - is the process whereby the advance arrangement of


learning opportunities for a particular population of learners is created.

NEEDS AND IMPORTANCE OF CURRICULUM PLANNING


The need for exactness and particularity in making decisions about ends and means demands
scientific curriculum planning. Curriculum planning develop well-coordinated , quality teaching
learning and assessment programs, which build student's knowledge , skills and bahaviors in
the the disciplines, as well as their interdisciplinary and /or personal and social capacities.
The full range of learning needs of students are addressed.

THE BASES OF CURRICULUM PLANNING


> History
> Philosophy
> Social Forces
> Physchology
> Religion
> contemporary issues

LACK OF CURRICULUM PLANNING AND FRAMEWORK WILL RESULT TO:

Sari-sari ( hodgepodge)
Pira piraso ( piemal)
Tagpi tagpi ( patchwork )
Sabog ( lack of focus )
Malabo ( vague )
Lakas ng kutob ( gutfeel )
Hula-hula ( hunches )
Gaya-gaya ( patterned from an existing model)
Bahala ( by chance )
Patama-tama ( non-deliberate )
Curriculum Planning In The Philippine Model

MAJOR ISSUES AS TO WHO PLANS THE CURRICULUM


1. National or State and Local curriculum control
2. Relationship of laymen, academic scholars, and elementary school and secondary school
collegiate educators in curriculum planning , parents and etc.

National or State and Local curriculum Control - the existing uniformity and the
national inmfluences in the curriculum are frequently cited as an argument for stronger
national curriculum control. However , many curriculum leaders have observed that the
real progress in curriculum develoment is on broken front.
School s do not achieve minimum or other standards at the same time . Neither do they
develop with equal interest and success new ventures in the curriculum. Due to recognition
to the role of local and regional experimentation in curriculum development must
be granted.

Stakeholders are individuals or institutions that are interested in school curriculum.


These stakeholders shape the school curriculum implementation. ROLE OF STAKEHOLDERS
IN CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION

" LEARNERS " AS THE CENTER OF THE CURRICULUM


for a particular curriculum design mentioned earlier, the learner is placed at the center.
The learners are the very reason a curriculum is developed. They are the ones who are
directly influenced by it. Learners in all levels make or unmake the curriculum by their
active and direct invlolvement.

TEACHERS - As curriculum developers and implementers Planning and writing the


curriculum are the primary roles of the teacher. A teacher is a curriculum maker. He/She
writes a curriculum daily through a lesson plan , a unit plam or yearly plan. The teacher
address the goals, needs interests of the learners by creating experiences from where the
students can learn. The teacher design, enriches and modifies the curriculum to suit
the learner's characteristics. As a curriculum developer, teachers are part of textbooks
committees, faculty selection boards, school evaluation committee or textbook writers
themselves. From a designer or technician to a decision maker. At this point, teacher's role
shift from a developer to an implementer. Which nof the plans be put in action and how
should itbe done are decisions which the teacher should make. Curriculum implementation
is now giving life to the written material. To do this, there is the need to another actor, the
learners. No curriculum will succeed without the learners. Some of the considerations
teachers should have in curriculum implementation.

A Student's view about the teacher as a curriculum maker and implementer.


Teacher's shape the school curriculum by sharing the experiences that they have and the
resources they are capable of giving or imparting to the learner. But as the old saying goes,
" what can you give if you have nothing to give? Applies to this demand of teaches in
curriculum implementation" - Marianna

Curriculum Planning In The Philippine Model

" CURRICULUM MANAGERS AND ADMINISTRATORS"


In a school organization , there is always a curriculum manager or school administrator.
In fact , for school princioals, one of their functions is being a curriculum manager. They
supervised curriculum implementation, select and recruit new teachers, admit students,
procure equipment and materials needed for effective learning. They also plan for the
improvement of school facilities and physical plants.

Why are school administrators and curriculum managers important to curriculum


implementation?
the school administrators play an important role in shaping the school curriculum because
they are the people who are responsible in the formulation of the school's vision, philosophy
mission, and objectives. They provide necessary leadership in evaluating teaching personnel
and school program. Keeping records of curriculum and reporting learning outcomes are
also the manager's responsibilities - Ceres

How do Parents shape the curriculum and why are they considered stakeholders?
Here are some observations :
1. Effective parental involvement in school affairs may be linked to parent educational
programs which is central to high quality educational experiences of the children.

2. The parents involvement extends from the confine of the school to the homes. The
parents become part of the environment of learning at home.

3. In most schools the Parent Association is organized. The organization is provided by law.
" " PARENTS AS PART OF THE CURRICULUM PLANNING.

FACTORS IN CURRICULUM PLANNING


1. Identifying relevant substantive decisions at increasing levels of specificity and precision.
2. Checking for consistency between and among the ends-and - means decisions by a
two - way process of derivation and evaluation at each stage and by referring to date for
basic information.

CHARACTERISTICS OF A CURRICULUM PLANNING


> Open-minded

> Willing to listen

> Ready to Adapt


Open-Minded Is an indispensable charcteristics in those who plan the curriculum.
Understanding of the values of the past practices and schoo l community and tradtiton is
important . Must analyze and evaluate all aspects of the program of schools to make
certain in providing the best program. And to avoid hindering the acceptance of new ideas.

Willing to listen well founded criticism on the curriculum and education must be listened
by the curriculum planners. Remediation of the curriculum will strengthen the school program.

Ready to Adapt There is a wisdom adopting relevant foreign educational practices and
must not resist change and experimentation. Curriculum leaders should critically and thoroughly
educational practices in other countries seeking new plans, methods and programs that will\
be useful in improving the curriculum of our country.

The Use of Research in Curriculum Planning Research affects many curriculum in may
ways like for example : 1. Sound proposals presented for considerations, ( Hypothesis to
be tested by actual tryout in school progrms
2. People who are engaged in curriculum planning can do their jobs effectively because they
aware of the latest review., related studies about curriculum change and etc.