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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

12 10
1. Add and . [1m]
6 6

−8 17
2. Add and . [1m]
9 9

11 −19
3. Add and . [1m]
15 15

−15 −19
4. Add and . [1m]
15 15

25 −5
5. Add and . [1m]
20 20

Grade – 8 [Math] W.B Manthan School Page: 1


TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

5 3
6. Add and . [1m]
12 8

5 7
7. Add and . [1m]
−9 6

3
8. Add 5 and . [1m]
11

9
9. Add and −13. [1m]
4

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

10. Multiply the following: [3m]

2
∧13 4 6 −4 −3
(a) 5 (b) and (c) and
−3 7 6 5
14

x
11. Find . [4m]
y

3 −4 6 24
(a) x= y = (b) x= y =
5 7 5 11

−4 −13 3
(c) x=0 y = (d) x= y=
11 26 −7

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

2 6 y
10. If x= ∧ y= ,then xy− =¿ ____________________. [3m]
3 7 x

p
11. A number which can be expressed as where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0 is [1m]
q

(a) Natural number. (b) Whole number. (c) Integer. (d) Rational number

p
12. A number of the form is said to be a rational number if [1m]
q

(a) p and q are integers.

(b) p and q are integers and q ≠ 0.

(c) p and qare integers and p ≠ 0

(d) p and q are integers and p ≠ 0 also p ≠ 0.

13. Zero (0) is [1m]

(a) the identity for addition of rational numbers.

(b) the identity for subtraction of rational numbers.

(c) the identity for multiplication of rational numbers.

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

(d) the identity for division of rational numbers.

14. Find the additive inverse of the following and verify them. [8m]

(a) -5

1
(b)
5

a
(c)
b

2
(d)−5
7

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

15. Find the reciprocal of each rational number in the Q14. [8 m]

16. Multiplicative inverse of a negative rational number is [2m]

(a) a positive rational number.

(b) a negative rational number.

(c) 0

(d) 1

17. Let a be a rational number. Then, a−1=¿ ¿. [1m]

18. For the rational numbers in Q 14, verify the condition for multiplicative identity. [8m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

19. State whether the following statement is true or false: [1m]

The reciprocal of a rational number is the multiplicative inverse of a rational number.

−4 3 3 −4
20. 7 + 5 = 5 + 7 is an example to show that: [1m]

(a) addition of rational numbers is commutative.

(b) rational numbers are closed under addition.

(c) addition of rational number is associative.

(d) rational numbers are distributive under addition.

21. Give two examples for Associativity of rational numbers and verify them. [4m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

22. Using commutativity and associativity of addition of rational numbers, express each of the
following as a rational number:

3 −7 2 −5
(a) + + + [2m]
5 6 5 6

4 −4 −2 7
(b) + + + −2 [2m]
3 5 3 5

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

5
23. The equivalent of , whose numerator is 45 is ______________________. [1m]
12

3
24. The equivalent of , whose denominator is 28 is ____________________. [1m]
7

25. Rearrange suitable and find the sum in each of the following:

2 7 −4 −1
(a) + + + [3m]
15 3 5 3

5 2 7 9 −5
(b) + + + + +5 [3m]
12 7 12 7 16

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

26. Verify the distributive property of multiplication over addition for the following rational numbers:

−1 2 −4 −1 2 −1 −4
4 {
× +
3 7
= }
× +
4 3 4
×
7
[3m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

27. Simplify the following:

2 −5 7 2 −2
(a) × + + × [4m]
3 7 3 3 7

3 −4 6 −4 3
(b) × + × − [4m]
5 7 5 7 7

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

5 1
(c) ÷ 10− ×2 [3m]
4 4

3 −4 6 −4 3
(d) × + × − [4m]
5 7 5 7 7

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

4 3 9 1 12 36
(e) × ÷ + × ÷ [4m]
5 7 5 7 15 15

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

28. Verify that −(−x )=x for the following: [3M]

4 7 2
(a) (b) (c) −3
−9 3 5

29. Write any 5 rational numbers between: [4m]

3 4 −1 2
(a) and (b) and .
4 5 6 7

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

30. Find a range of 1000 rational numbers between 0.3 and 0.4. [2m]

31. Represent -1 and 0 on the number line with 9 equidistant rational numbers in between them.

[3m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

32. Represent 11 and 13, and the rational numbers in between them occurring in between them at
1
the interval of . [3m]
8

33. Find a rational number between 27 and 28, which is equidistant from them. [2m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

−2
34. Find 5 rational numbers between and 2:
3

(a) using equivalent fractions method [3m]

(b) using the mean method [4m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

1445 17
35. A train travels km in hours. Find the speed of the train in km/hr. [2m]
2 2

36. A mother and her two daughters got a room constructed for Rs. 62,000. The elder daughter
3 1
contributes of her mother’s contribution while the younger daughter contributes of her mother’s
8 2
share. How much do the three contribute individually? [3m]

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TOPIC: RATIONAL NUMBERS DATE:

37. The product of 2 numbers is -5. If one number is -7, then what is the other number? [2m]

−15 −5
38. By what number should we multiply so that the product is ? [2m]
20 7

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