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o z DIN Handbook 1 Mechanical engineering Basic standards 1 oe ¢ es) 4 wT ohdeg Sule &ieF xvY — Wb Gel tiated pat ~ thea! 3rd edition in English Complete to January 1995. Issued by DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung e.V. Beuth Beuth Verlag GmbH - Berlin - Wien - Zurich Die Deutsche Bibliothek - CIP-Einheitsaufnahme Mechanical engineering : basic standards issued by DIN, Deutsches Institut fir Normung e.V. Berlin ; Wien ; Ziirich : Beuth. Einheitsacht.: Grundnormen fir die mechanische Technik \ 28: ASA Jl Al oe -D 4 t TVVPAAY AVOOFEV : ald Gly ob SLL ES, 2b \ 99 4 Ob VOrr eas Cr Notes Notes Contents Standardization inGermany ... vi Translations of German standards Vil Electronic media ..... . vill Terms of delivery and payment . Dg Foreword Xt Numerical list of standards contained in this handbook Xi List of standards contained in this handbook (arranged according to technical fields)... 02.0.0... ccc cece eceeceeeeeeeeeees Xill The complete standards contained in this handbook (arranged according to ascending DIN numbers) . Alphabetical index List of DIN Handbooks containing ‘basic specialized mechanical engineering standards ... Abbreviations used: EN European Standard (EN), with the status of a DIN Standard ISO International Standard For each standard listed in this DIN Handbook, the most recently published version shall apply. Please check the latest date of issue by consulting the current DIN Catalogue of Technical Rules with the latest Cumulative Supplement or phone: (+ 49) 30-26 01-22 60. Standardization in Germany Organization and principles Standardization is instrumental in the creation of order in our technical world. It is an integral partof the existing economic, social and legal structure. The creation of German standards is the task of DIN Deutsches Institut fiir Normung @. V. (or DIN, for short), a self-governing institution of trade and industry. On the basis of its statutes and of DIN 820, the standard which specifies the principles directing its activities, and by virtue of an agreement concluded with the government in 1975, DIN is the institution that is competent for standardization in the Federal Republic of Germany. As the repre- sentative of Germany, it fulfils an equivalent function in the European (CEN/CENELEC) and international (ISO) standards organizations, while in the field of electrical engineer- ing such activities are coordinated through the Deutsche Elektrotechnische Kommission von DIN und VDE (DKE) The standards work of DIN is a technical-scientific service which benefits the whole of the national economy. 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Members of DIN are granted, among other benefits, the following: — 15% discount on orders for the DIN-Katalog fiir Technische Regeln, and on subscrip- tions for the monthly Cumulative Supplements, — 15% discount on orders for DIN Standards, including translations, - 15% discount on subscriptions to DIN-MITTEILUNGEN + elektronorm, — 50% discount on the fee charged for reproducing DIN Standards in advertising mate- rial (catalogues, price lists, brochures, etc.), and - the right to reproduce DIN Standards (except DIN VDE Standards) for in-house purposes against payment of a small flat-rate reproduction fee. Information on standards The results of DIN’s activities in the field of standardization are recorded in DIN Standards, of which there are currently some 21,500, with a further 5,500 at the stage of draft. In special fields and areas of responsibility, other German regulatory bodies also issue normative documents. vi The main annual catalogue published by DIN is the DIN-Katalog fir Technische Regeln, edited by the Deutsches Informationszentrum fir Technische Regein (DITR) im DIN. Vol- ume 1 of the DIN Catalogue (now also available as an electronic version on floppy disk) represents the single most comprehensive printed source of Information on the technical rules which are valid in Germany. Volume 2 contains the corresponding references to European, International and selected national collections of technical rules. Technical rules for the purposes of the DIN Catalogue are not only DIN Standards and documents published by other regulatory bodies, but also those legally binding provisions (laws, regulations, etc.) that contain technical specifications. The titles of the documents are in most cases given in both German and English DIN publishes a monthly journal, the DIN-MITTEILUNGEN + elektronorm which, besides featuring articles and reports on standards work in Germany and abroad, also includes a gazette of new publications and other activities in the field of technical rules, the DIN-Anzeiger fir Technische Regeln. Translations of German standards DIN-Sprachendienst, the language services section of DIN, publishes official English translations of the most important DIN Standards. These translations may be purchased singly or on a subscription basis. In addition to the printed translations, DIN-Sprachen- dienst also maintains a large collection of typescript translations in English, French and Spanish which outside companies and organizations have been authorized to prepare, but which have not been reviewed by DIN. The essential bibliographic data of all available translations, in both printed and typescript formats (1994: 11,500), are now referenced in the translations catalogue published annually as Volume 3 of the main DIN-Katalog fiir Technische Regeln. Printed translations are to be ordered from Beuth Verlag (or, for customers outside Ger- many, from their respective national standards body) and unrevised typescript translations from DIN-Sprachendienst. ‘Any enquiries for further information on the services provided by DIN-Sprachendienst (eg. if neither printed nor typescript translations of DIN Standards are available) should be addressed to: DIN Deutsches Institut fiir Normung e. V. DIN-Sprachendienst D-10772 Berlin Telephone: (+49) 30 26 01-23 30/28 18/23 31 Telefax: (+49) 30.26 01-12 66 Telex: 184273 din dd Supplements The DIN-Katalog fiir Technische Regeln is updated by Cumulative Supplements that are published monthly for subscribers. 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The ring binders hence combine, for ease of reference, all available English translations of the standards in a given DIN-Taschenbuch. A further advantage of purchasing standards in this form is the price, which is 60% less than would have to be paid for the same transla- tions purchased separately. For details, please contact (+ 49) 30 26 01-22 25. Electronic media In addition to the DIN Catalogue, standards information is increasingly being offered in the form of electronic products. These products are designed for searching bibliographical data (CD-ROM PERINORM), for managing document collections (the standards manage- ment system, NormManager) and to provide users with fulltext facsimile reproductions (DIN-CD and Normimage). Of these, PERINORM, the first multilingual and multinational standards database on a CD-ROM may be of particular interest to those who do not speak German, as all data (including, in many cases, abstracts) can be accessed in English or French, as well as in German. At present, the CD-ROM comprises the bibliographical data of the standards of DIN, BSI, AFNOR, of the Austrian, Swiss and Dutch standards bodies, of European and International Standards, and of German and French legislation of techni- cal relevance. Important standards collections of North American regulatory bodies, such as ASTM, IEEE und UL, may be ordered as supplementary packages to PERINORM. Normimage is the title of a new series of Compact Discs (CD-ROM), like PERINORM a joint product of DIN, BSI and AFNOR, which enable the full text of standards to be reproduced in facsimile on the monitor screen or printed out via a laser printer. Text, tables and figures are shown exactly as they appear in the hardcopy version of the document. The first Norm- Image CD-ROM comprises standards and technical rules deriving from the field of quality management, statistics and maintenance. The Normlmage CD-ROM ‘Quality’ contains 300 documents with a total of 11,000 pages and some 700 bibliographical cross-references. The second Normlmage CD-ROM ‘Fasteners’ presents some 500 documents (DIN Standards in German and English) in fulltext format. This electronic document library is updated every three months. A new electronic product of especial interest to users outside Germany is the CD-ROM collection ‘DIN English’ which is also available by subscription, as a complete file or in sections. DIN English is a facsimile database which stores on a set of 6 CD-ROMs (plus addenda discs and an index disc as document finder) all published translations of DIN Standards in English. 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Pe a Compliance with DIN Standards ‘As a rule, the specifications given in DIN Standards are implemented because they are deemed to represent good practice, and not because legislation has made compliance with them mandatory. An obligation to comply with DIN Standards may, however, devolve from contractual agreements (e.g. between supplier and purchaser), or in those instances where DIN Standards have been incorporated in German laws or statutory regulations. Even if compliance with DIN Standards is not explicitly stipulated, many contracts, reg- ulations and specifications state in general terms that certain products or procedures must conform to the state of the art or good practice as documented in DIN Standards. Exclusion of liability DIN Standards are available for use by anyone, this person being directly responsible for correctly applying the information contained therein. DIN Standards are not the sole source-of information on correct technical procedures applicable under normal conditions, but just one such source. It should also be borne in mind that DIN Standards can only reflect the state of the art existing at the time of their publication Compliance with DIN Standards does not, in itself, confer immunity from legal obliga- tions. In this regard, each person bears the risk of his/her own actions. Any liability on the part of DIN Deutsches Institut fiir Normung e. V. or of those persons involved in the Preparation of DIN Standards is excluded. Anyone finding an inaccuracy, error, or ambiguity when applying a DIN Standard is requested to notify DIN immediately so that prompt action can be taken. Foreword It is no easy task to draw the line between standards covering basic aspects of mechanics and those covering special aspects of basic mechanical engineering and precision engineering. Standards which deal with units and symbols, screw threads, tolerances, engineering drawings, preferred numbers, as well as those concerned with the basic terminology and geometric parameters associated with power transmission engineering, can certainly be considered as basic standards. However, product standards and standards for a particular field that derive from basic standards can hardly still be considered as such, and have thus not been included in the present handbook. Nevertheless, it is virtually impossible to include all of the several hundred standards that might be deemed to fall within the scope of DIN Handbook 1 The present handbook is closely related to DIN Handbook 3 ‘Mechanical engineering; basic standards 2’. As these two handbooks are frequently used together, their respective contents have been coordinated in order to avoid standards being duplicated and to ensure that they complement each other as far as possible. DIN Handbooks are now available for almost all fields of mechanical engineering, each handbook comprising the most important standards in the field concerned. A list of such handbooks is given on pages 468 and 469. This 3rd English edition (corresponding to the 22nd German edition) includes 49 basic standards drawn from various fields (such as physical quantities, metrology, screw threads, drawing practice, tolerances and fits, surface roughness measurement, features of fasteners, power transmission, paper sizes). Six standards have been revised since the last edition and are accordingly reproduced here in their new form, and 17 standards have been included for the first time. Moreover, a number of standards (e.g. those dealing with screw threads, surface roughness measurement, tolerances and fits, drawing practice) are currently being reviewed in connection with international and European standardization activities, but this is not expected to result in significant changes to existing DIN Standards, such as might cause changeover problems in industry. The content of the 3rd English edition of DIN Handbook 1 represents the state of standardization as of January 1995. DIN-Sprachendienst Berlin, April 1995 xl Numerical list of standards contained in this handbook Key to symbols: Did not appear in the 2nd English edition of DIN Handbook 1. Q Taken, with revision, from the 2nd English edition of DIN Handbook 1. Document number Page Document number Page a 1 DIN 623-1 @ 148, 5 DIN 780-1 163 6 DIN 780-2 165 7 DIN 867 @ 166 25 DIN 868 @ 169 DIN 13-12 0 28 DIN 1301-1 0 189 DIN 13-14 33 DIN 1305 195 DIN 13-15 41 DIN 1314 197 DIN 13-19@ 47 DIN 1319-2 201 DIN 74-1 50 DIN 1319-3 208 DIN74-2@ 54 DIN 3998-1 223 DIN 102 59 DIN 4760 240 DIN 103-1 60 DIN 4768 0 243 DIN 103-2 65 DIN 4775 246 DIN 103-4 68 DIN4777@ 249 DIN 202 72 DIN EN 22553 @ 253 DIN 254 82 Iso216@ 308 DIN 323-1 88 ISO 286-10 313 DIN 332-1 92 1SO 286- 347 DIN 405-1 97 1SO 1101 304 DIN 406-10 101 ISO 1302 0 424 DIN 406-11 107 ISO 2768-1@ 440 DIN 406-12 @ 137 ISO 2768-20 447 DIN 475-1 142 1SO 8015 458 DIN 476-2@ 146 xi List of standards contained in this handbook (arranged according to technical fields) Document Date of number ‘seue Tite Page General DIN 1301-1 12.93 Units; names and symbols .........--...200++ 189 DIN 1305 01.83. Mass, as weighed value, force, weight force, weight, load: concepts . i — 195 DIN 1314 02.77. Pressure; basic concepts and units..........-0..0.s0000ee 197 DIN 1319-2 01.80 Basie concepts in metrology; terminology relating to the use of measuring instruments .........2...000eeee0 eee ~ 204 DIN 1319-3 0883 Basic concepts in metrology; terminology relating to the uncertainty of measurement and the assessment of measur- ing instruments and measuring equipment .............-.++ 208 Basic standards DIN 102 10.56 Reference temperature for measuring instruments and work- pieces .... 59 DIN 254 06.74 Conical tapers ..... 82 DIN323-1 08.74 Preferred numbers and preferred number series; basic, calculated and rounded values ........... 88 DIN332-1 04.86 60° centre holes; types R, A,B, andC..... 92 Screw threads DIN 13-1 12.86 ISO metric screw threads; 1mm to 68 mm diameter coarse pitch threads; nominal sizes. 25 DIN 13-12 10.88 ISO metric screw threads; 1mm to 300mm diameter coarse and fine pitch threads; selected diameters and pitches . . 28 DIN 13-14 08.82. ISO metric screw threads; principles for a tolerance system for screw threads from 1mm diameter upwards ........ 33 DIN 13-15 0882 ISO metric screw threads; fundamental deviations and tol- erances for screw threads from 1 mm diameter upwards . 4 DIN13-19 12.86 ISO metric screw threads; basic profile and minimum material poles : 47 DIN103-1 04.77 180 metric trapezoidal screw threads; profiles ..... 60 DIN 103-2 04.77 ISO metric trapezoidal screw threads; general plan ... . 65 DIN 103-4 04.77 ISO metric trapezoidal screw threads; nominal dimensions... 68 DIN 202 01.88 Screw threads; general plan ........06..cceeeeeeeeeee 72 DIN 405-1 11.75 Knuckle threads; thread profiles, nominal dimensions, thread eoles 7 Technical drawings DINS-1 12.70 Drawing practice; axonometric projections; isometric pro- jection ocr Xill Document Date of number issue Tile Page DIN5-2 12.70 Drawing practice; axonometric projections; dimetric pro- jection ....... 5 5 DIN6-1 1286 Technical drawings; representation in normal projection: views and special representations .............. 6 DIN6-2 1286 Technical drawings; representation in normal Projection TT TS ac DIN 406-10 12.92 Engineering drawing practice: dimensioning; concepts and general principles ........ 101 DIN 406-11 1292 Engineering drawing race dimensioning: principles of application .... 107 DIN 406-12 12.92 Engineering drawing practice: dimensioning: tolerancing of linear and angular dimensions (modified version of 1SO 406: 1987) ........ ' . 137 EN 22553 08.94 Welded, brazed and soldered joints: symbolic representation on drawings (ISO 2553: 1992) 0.0... eee [250 101302 11.92 Technical drawings; method of indicating surface texture... 421 Tolerances and fits 180 286-1 09.88 __ISO system of limits and fits; bases of tolerances, deviations 6nd ig u 319 1S0 286-2 06.88 ISO system of limits and fits: tables of standard tolerance grades and limit deviations for holes and shafts . 347 1801101 12.83 Technical drawings; geometrical tolerancing, tolerancing of form, orientation, location and run-out; generalities, defini- tions, symbols and indications on drawings .. . 394 10 2768-1 11.89 General tolerances; tolerances ‘or linear and angular dimen- sions without individual tolerance indications ............. . 440 '$0 2768-2 11.89 General tolerances; geometrical tolerances for features without individual tolerance indications : 447 1808015 12.85 Technical drawings; fundamental tolerancing principle... 458 Surfaces DIN 4760 06.82 _Deviations of form; concepts and classification system ....... 240 DIN4768 05.90 Determination of values of surface roughness parameters Ry Ry and Rng, using electric stylus instruments; concepts and measuring conditions 5 DIN4775 06.82 Measuring the surface roughness of workpieces; visual and tactile comparison; methods using contact stylus instru ments... 246 DIN4777 05.90 __ Phase correct filters for use in electrical stylus instruments ... 249 Countersinks, widths across flats DIN74-1 12.80 Countersinks for countersunk head screws .............05 50 DIN74-2 05.91 Counterbores (holes) for cheese head, pan head and hexagon socket head cap screws 54 DIN 475-1 01.84 Widths across flats for screws, bolts, valves and fittings ...... 142 XIV Document Date of number issue Tite Page Power transmission DIN780-1 05.77 Module series for gears; modules for spur gears 163 DIN 760-2 05.77 Module series for gears; modules for cylindrical worm gear transmissions . a DIN 867 02,86 Basic rack tooth profiles for involute teeth of cylindrical gears for general engineering and heavy engineering............. 166 DIN 868 12.76 General definitions and specification factors for gears, gear Bells end geaniraing 0 | eee 169 DIN 3998-1 09.76 Gears and gear pairs; nomenclature ..............eee0200 223 Bearings DIN623-1 05.93 Designation system for rolling bearings.............. wees 148 Sizes of paper DIN 476-2 02.91 Trimmed sizes of paper; C series ......0..0.....ccceeeeee 146 {$0216 05,75. Writing paper and certain classes of printed matter; trimmed sizes; AandBseries.............. 308 xv DIN Handbook 1 The following DIN Handbooks deal with basic standards for mechanical engineering: DIN Handbook 1 Mechanical engineering; basic standards 1 DIN Handbook 3 Mechanical engineering; basic standards 2 DIN Handbooks can be purchased on a standing order basis, either as a complete set or grouped according to different technical fields. Information may be obtained from the subscription department of Beuth Verlag GmbH (telephone: (+ 49) 30-2601 -2280 to 2282) For all other enquiries or for placing orders, please contact the sales department of Beuth Verlag GmbH (telephone: (+ 49) 30-26 01-2260 to 2263). Une 788.82 + 545.69 December 1970 Drawing Practice Axononetric Projections Isometric Projection ‘Axonometriache Projextionen, Teonetrische Projextion Dimensions in mm ential features mst be shown cleariy| rh Te haa become increasingly used for’ tender, aanafacturing and assenbly éravings in pipework construction and also in nachine and plant constiction, since ff provides antecouohe Th drafting Wien it ie used for pipework and fittings, eyabols to Drafting aids for draving in isosetzic projection are: Gmwing machine, isomotric grid CHigare’ a): Yor the preparation of dravings in pipevork construction 1t is also customary to use: computer. controlled curve plotters: When a drawing machine is Used without a grids se ie: advsacsis ee vork WEEN he “folloving detent 4 vertical BAP techs 5 (302 to tue. portronean} © at angie # (300 fo the horizontal Toe Lines in the isometric grid are arranged as indicated under A, B and Cy Be on wit rid The representation of @ cube and of circlen in 3 views is shown in Figure 1. Dimension: examples are shown in Figures 2 and 5+ = = tinge Ratio of sidesar diced: ait ee 4: 0. 1¢ Eyes Rajor axis horizontal major axis at right angle of the axes with all ellipses = 4 sa for isometric representation of pipework dravings, see DIN 2428 Axononetric projections, dimetric projection, see DIN 5 Part 2 Gontinued on pages 2 to 4 Explanations on page 3 Page 2 DIN5 Part 4 3, Representation using a grid Figure 4 shows the representation of a component on an isonetric grid. 4, Covontinates oaitive direction of the Z axis nove if tumed by its positive X axis tovards the positive Y axis. fin in be aizvction of the arrow are positive and ive (Figure 5). dare called the principal directions and the areas vou! Ail co-ordinate v1 ‘those in the opposit The Girections of the co-ordinates enclosed by then are called the principal planes. 2, paken, from rection are seg covoidinates yy covettinates fy £) should Se batched jes of the top view (co-ordinates X, IY) should be hatched at -30° (Figure 6, A Zz PERE bxbkeshd KOK exec Ye +X bPseeren