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Scope:

50, 100, 250, 500, 750 & 1000 kVA distribution transformers with voltage ratio 11/0.420 kV
Reference Standard:
IEC 60076 (1 – 5), IEC 60296 (Latest) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev (05)

Sr. # Type of Test Test Description Test Equipment Lab Name


Checking of Phase Polarity & 3 Phase TTR Meter TTL (QA Lab)
1 Routine Test
Voltage Ratio (Raytech) TIPL
Measurement of No Load Losses & Power Analyzer TTL (QA Lab)
2 Routine Test
Current (Yokogawa / Megger) TIPL
Measurement of Load Losses & S.C Power Analyzer TTL (QA Lab)
3 Routine Test
Impedance (Yokogawa / Megger) TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
4 Routine Test Induced Voltage withstand Test Testing Bench – 1 & 3
TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
5 Routine Test Applied Voltage Test Testing Bench – 1 & 3
TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
6 Routine Test Measurement of Winding Resistance Winding Ohm Meter
TIPL
Measurement of Insulation TTL (QA Lab)
7 Routine Test HV Insulation Tester
Resistance TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
8 Routine Test Bird Protection Test Testing Bench – 1 & 3
TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
9 Routine Test Paint Thickness Coating Thickness Gauge
TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
10 Routine Test Pressure Test Pressure Gauge
TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
11 Routine Test Dielectric Absorption Ratio HV Insulation Tester
TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
12 Routine Test Transformer Mineral Oil Oil Testing Equipments
TIPL
Power Analyzer TTL (QA Lab)
13 Type Test Temperature Rise Test
Testing Bench – 2 TIPL
TTL (QA Lab)
14 Type Test Lightening Impulse Test Testing Bench – 4
TIPL
HV & SC Lab
15 Type Test Transformer Mineral Oil
Rawat
HV & SC Lab
16 Special Test Short Circuit Test
Rawat
Measurement of Zero Sequence HV & SC Lab
17 Special Test
Impedance Rawat
HV & SC Lab
18 Special Test Measurement of Harmonics
Rawat
1. Checking of Phase Polarity & Voltage Ratio
 To measure rated voltage ratio of transformer & to check phase displacement
between LT & HT windings of transformer
 By connecting leads of equipments to LT & HT terminals of transformer
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.3) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – ii)
2. Measurement of No Load Losses & Current
 To measure no load losses (iron losses) i.e. absorbed active power at rated voltage
& rated frequency
 By applying rated voltage i.e. 420 V on LT side of transformer at rated frequency of
50 Hz while keeping HT side of transformer open
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.5) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – iv)
3. Measurement of Load Losses & S.C Impedance
 To measure load losses (copper losses) i.e. absorbed active power at rated current &
rated frequency & short circuit impedance of transformer
 By applying rated current of primary winding of HT side of transformer at rated
frequency of 50 Hz while LT side of transformer is short using copper bus bar
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.4) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – v)
4. Induced Voltage withstand Test
 To verify the voltage strength of each line terminal & its connected winding to earth
and other windings and other phases
 By applying double voltage (840 V) at double frequency (100 Hz) for 60 seconds
on LT side of transformer while keeping HT side of transformer open
 IEC 60076 – 3 (Clause 11.2) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – vi/a)
5. Applied Voltage Test
 To verify the voltage strength of line & neutral terminal and their connected
windings to earth and other windings (to check insulation b/w assembly and tank)
 By applying 28 kV at rated frequency of 50 Hz at HT side for 60 seconds while
grounding neutral terminal & body of transformer using earth wire
 IEC 600766 – 3 (Clause 10) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – vi/b)
6. Measurement of Winding Resistance
 To measure resistance of primary and secondary windings of transformer
 By connecting leads of equipments to subjected winding terminal of transformer
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.2) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – i)
7. Measurement of Insulation Resistance
 To check the insulation resistance of transformer
 By applying 2500 V D.C for 60 seconds on HT & LT, HT & Ground, LT & Ground
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.12) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – iii)
8. Bird Protection Test
 To check the dielectric strength of top plate for protection of bird
 By applying 8 kV on top plate while grounding neutral terminal & body of
transformer using earth wire
 K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.3)
9. Paint Thickness
 To check paint thickness all around the transformer
 By using coating thickness gauge and average paint thickness shall be 120 Micron
 K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 15.3)
10. Pressure Test
 To check the leakage with pressure i.e. tightness of transformer
 By applying pressure of 30 kPa (4.35 PSI) of dry nitrogen gas for 8 hours
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.8) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.4)
11. Dielectric Absorption Ratio
 To check the ratio of insulation resistance taken at different times
 Check insulation resistance values at 15 seconds & 60 seconds to measure ratio
 K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 24.1 – ix)
12. Transformer Mineral Oil
 Routine tests of transformer mineral oil i.e.
o Specific Gravity
o Viscosity
o Flash Point
o Acidity Value
o Dielectric Strength
o Moisture / Water Contents
o Pour Point
 All tests are being performed in accordance with IEC 60296 (latest)
 K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 19.2)
13. Temperature Rise Test
 To measure maximum temperature difference (temperature rise) of transformer oil
& winding with reference to external cooling medium
 By applying total losses (copper + iron) to HT side of transformer while LT side of
transformer is short with copper bus bar until temperature of oil is saturate and
measure the temperature rise using change in resistance method
 IEC 60076 – 2 (Clause 7.3 to 7.7) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 20.2)
14. Lightening Impulse Test
 To determine the ability of insulations of the transformer to withstand transient
voltages due to lightening
 By applying lightening impulse full wave of 75 kV and chopped wave of 83 kV on
each phase of transformer while short other phase through shunt resistance and
earth it with transformer body and LT terminals
 IEC 60076 – 3 (13.2), IEC 60076 – 4 (7.4), K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 22.2)
15. Transformer Mineral Oil
 Type test of transformer mineral oil i.e.
o Oxidation Stability
o Dissipation Factor
 All tests are being performed in accordance with IEC 60296 (latest)
 IEC 60296 (Clause 6.5, 6.12) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 19.1)
16. Short Circuit Test
 To verify the ability of transformer to withstand without any damage the thermal
and dynamic effects of external short circuit under symmetrical fault condition
 By applying rated current (calculated by specified formula) on HT side for 2
seconds of transformer while LT side is short with copper bus bar
 IEC 60076 – 5 (latest) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 21.1)
17. Measurement of Zero Sequence Impedance
 To measure impedance in ohm per phase at rated frequency between line terminal
and neutral terminal of transformer
 By using specified formula (3U/I) where U is test voltage and I is test current
 IEC 60076 – 1 (Clause 11.6) & K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 23.1.1 – iii)
18. Measurement of Harmonics

 K/R&D/DT/28 Rev – 05 (Clause 23.1.1 – v)