Sie sind auf Seite 1von 28

SYLLABUS IN LABOR RELATIONS LAW (LAW204M)

COURSE DESCRIPTION:

​This course is about the legal relations of employees and their employers as delineated by
the employees’ rights to self-organization, collective bargaining, and concerted activities,
including the right to strike, on one hand, and the employers’ management prerogatives and
right to lock-out and by the other modes of labor dispute resolution and the law on
termination of employment.

LEARNING OUTCOMES:
On completion of the course, the student is expected to restate and discuss:

1. the State policies on labor relations;


2. the meaning, scope, and legal bases of the rights to self-organization, collective
bargaining, and concerted activities, including the right to strike, and the meaning,
scope, and legal bases of management prerogatives;

3. the rules regulating organization, management, and activities of labor organizations;


4. what an appropriate bargaining unit is, how it is determined, and how its bargaining
representative is selected;

5. the process of collective bargaining and negotiation and how a collective bargaining
agreement is administered;

6. what unfair labor practices are;


7. the meaning, legal basis and limitations of strikes and other union concerted activities
and employer lock-out;

8. the rudimentary rules of labor relations in the public sector;


9. the right to security of tenure; when an employee may quit his/her employment; the just
and business-related causes for termination of employment; the procedural
requirements of termination of employment; and the relief’s and remedies in cases of
illegal dismissals; and

10. jurisdiction and procedures in settling labor disputes

ASSESSMENTS, REQUIREMENTS, AND CONSULTATION:


Students will be assessed during the term based on:
Class recitation
15.00%
15.00%
Handwritten case digests of the cases listed in the syllabus below.
Digests should highlight the labor law ratio decidendi. The notebooks
on which the digests are written should be submitted on the final
examination day.

Quizzes 30.00%
Final examination 40.00%

100.00%

Every student should submit a class card with a photo (preferably 2x2) and an email
nd
address by the 2 class day.

Consultation is by appointment or through email.

REFERENCES
1. 1987 Constitution of the Philippines;
2. P.D. No. 442 (the Labor Code of the Philippines), as amended;
3. D.O. No. 40-03, as amended;
4. Executive Order No. 180 (1987);
5. Amended Rules Governing the Exercise of the Right of Government Employees to Self-
Organization the Implementing Rules;
6. any labor relations law textbook

COURSE OUTLINE

PART I - STATE POLICIES ON LABOR RELATIONS


A. Voluntary/democratic modes of
dispute settlement

1. Labor dispute Labor Code (LC), Art. 219(l); San Miguel Corp.
Employees Union v. Bersamira, G.R. No. 87700,
June 13, 1990; Halagueña v. PAL, G.R. No. 172013,
October 2, 2009; Portillo v. Rudolf Lietz, Inc., G.R.
196539, October 10, 2012); Philippine Commercial
International Bank v. Gomez, G.R. No. 199601,
November 23, 2015

2. Preferred modes of dispute settlement CONST., Art. XIII, Sec. 3., par. 3; LC, Art. 218 A &
B; Kiok Loy v. NLRC, G.R. No. L-54334, January
22, 1986; Scout Ramon V. Albano Memorial College
v. Noriel, 85 SCRA 494 (1978)

Voluntary vs. compulsory modes LC, Art. 278(g); Art. 224

Collective bargaining LC, Art. 218 B; Arts. 262 – 264; Arts. 99, 122(b),
123 (par. 3), & 124 (pars. 4 & 5)

Resort to grievance machinery LC, Art 224(c) & 274

Conciliation and mediation LC, Art. 234(a)

LC, Arts. 224(c), 274; & 278(h)


Voluntary arbitration
LC, Art. 218 B
3. Non-interference by government
B. Trade unionism LC, Art. 218 A(b) & (c)
C. Worker enlightenment LC, Arts. 218 A(d), 250 (p) & 292 (a)
D. Adequate machinery for expeditious CONST., Art. III, Sec. 16; LC, Arts. 218 A(e) &
dispute settlement & ways by which the 219(i); Art. 234 (and its Impl. Rules, DO 151-16);
machinery ensures speedy resolution of Arts. 227 & Art. 292(i) & E.O. 26 (1992)
disputes
Andaya v. National Labor Relations Commission,
G.R. No. 157371, [July 15, 2005], 502 PHIL 151-
159)

Madrio v. Atlas Fertilizer Corp., G.R. No. 241445,


[August 14, 2019]
E. Industrial Peace & Tripartism LC, Arts. 218 A(f), 290, & 292 (g); Art. 220 (2nd
par.); Arts. 121 (2nd par.), 122 (4th par.), & 182(a)
F. Worker participation in decision and LC, Arts. 218 A(g), & 267, par. 2; R.A. No. 6971,
policy making processes affecting rights, Sec. 5; Philippine Airlines, Inc. v. NLRC, 225 SCRA
duties and welfare 301 (1993)

Contra: Management Prerogatives (MP)

1. MP: basis; CONST., Art. II, Sec. 20 and Art. XIII, Sec. 3, par.
4;

2. MP: definition and scope; Chu v. NLRC, 232 SCRA 764 (1994); San Miguel
Brewery Sales Force Union (PTGWO) v. Ople, 170
SCRA 25 (1989); Philippine Airlines, Inc. v. NLRC,
225 SCRA 301 (1993);
3. MP: limits
SHS Perforated Materials, Inc. v. Diaz, 633 SCRA
258 (2010); Capin-Cadiz v. Brent Hospital and
Colleges, Inc., G.R. No. 187417, February 24, 2016;
Supreme Steel Corp. v. Nagkakaisang Manggagawa
Ng Supreme Independent Union (Nms-Ind-Apl), G.R.
No. 185556, March 28, 2011; PLDT v. Paguio, G.R.
No. 152689, October 12, 2005; Businessday
Information Systems and Services, Inc. v. NLRC, 221
SCRA 9 (1993)

PART II - THE RIGHT TO SELF-ORGANIZATION


A. Bases of right
1. Constitution CONST., Art. III, Sec. 8; Art. XIII, Sec. 3; & Art.
IX(B), Sec. 2(5)
2. Labor Code LC, Arts. 257, 258, and 260, 284 & 285
3. International conventions ILO Convention No. 87 (Freedom of Association &
Protection of Right to Organize, 1948); ILO
Convention No. 98 (Application of the Principles of
the Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively, 1949);
International Covenant on Economic, Social and
Cultural Rights, Arts. 2 and 8 (a); International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Art. 22
B. Extent and scope of right Republic Savings Bank v. CIR, 21 SCRA 226 (1967);
LC, Art. 257; Victoriano v. Elizalde Rope Workers’
Union, G.R. No. L-25246, September 12, 1974; Reyes
v. Trajano, 209 SCRA 484 (1992); Kapatiran v.
Calleja, 162 SCRA 367 (1988); Pan-Am World
Airways, Inc. v. Pan-Am Employees Assn., 27 SCRA
1202 (1969)
C. Workers with right of self-organization CONST., Art. III, Sec. 8, & Art. XIII, Sec. 3

1. All employees LC, Art. 253, 219(f), & 292(c);


2. Government employees CONST., Art. IX-B, Sec. 2(1) & (5); LC, Art. 254;
E.O. No. 180 (June 1, 1987)
3. Supervisors LC, Art. 255 & Art. 219 (m); Cathay Pacific Steel
Corporation v. CA, G.R. No. 164561, August 30,
2006; Filoil Refinery Corporation v. Filoil Supervisory
and Confidential Employees Association, 46 SCRA
512 (1972);
4. Aliens LC, Arts. 284 & 285; Book V, Rule 2, Sec. 2, par. 1, 3rd
sentence, as amended by D.O. No. 40-C-05.

D. Excluded Employees/ Workers


1. Managerial Employees LC, Arts. 255 & 219(m); Paper Industries Corp. v.
Laguesma, G.R. No. 101738, April 12, 2000.

2. Confidential Employees Metrolab Industries, Inc. v. Roldan-Confesor, 254


SCRA 182 (1996); Tunay na Pagkakaisa ng
Manggagawa sa Asia Brewery vs. Asia Brewery, Inc.,
G.R. No. 162025, August 3, 2010; San Miguel Foods,
Inc. vs. San Miguel Corp. Supervisors and Exempt
Union, G.R. No. 146206, August 1, 2011.

3. Workers-Members of a Cooperative Batangas I Electric Cooperative v. Young, G.R. No.


62386, November 9, 1988.
4. Employees of international International Catholic Migration Commission v.
organizations Calleja, 190 SCRA 130 (1990).
5. Effect of Including Employees Outside LC, Art. 256; Samahang Manggagawa sa Charter
the Bargaining Unit Chemical v. Charter Chemical and Coating
Corporation, G.R. No. 169717, March 16, 2011.
6. Non-Employees LC, Art. 253; Implementing Rules (IR), Book V, Rule
II, Sec. 2, par. 3
7. Sanctions for Violation of Right LC, Arts. 259, 260, 261, 303-304); IR, Book V, Rule
XXII, Sec. 15
PART III - LABOR ORGANIZATION
A. Policy LC, Art. 218A(b), (c), & (g)
B. Definitions:
1. Labor organization LC, Art. 219 (g); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (cc)
2. Union IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (zz)
3. Workers Association IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (ccc) ​
4. Legitimate labor organization LC, Art. 219 (h); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (ee)
5. Legitimate workers’ association IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (ff); Cebu Seamen's
Association, Inc. vs. Ferrer-Calleja, 212 SCRA
50(1992)
6. Company Union LC, Arts. 219 (i) & 259 (d)
C. Union Rationale Guijarno v. CIR, 52 SCRA 307 (1973)
D. Government Regulation
1. Union Registration:
a. Definition IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(qq); PAFLU v. Secretary,
G.R. No. L-22228, February 27, 1969.
b. Requirements Arts. 240, 241, 244 & 249; IR, Book V, Rule III, Sec.
2; San Miguel Corp. Employees Union v. SM Packing,
533 SCRA 125 (2007); Progressive Development
Corp. v. Secretary of Labor, 205 SCRA 802 (1992);
Takata (Philippines) Corporation v. BLR, G.R. No.
196276, June 4, 2014
c. Action on Application LC, Arts. 242 & 243; IR, Book V, Rule IV, Secs. 4-7
d. Effect of Registration IR, Book V, Rule IV, Sec. 8 & Rule III, Sec. 2, par. E;
Legend International Resorts Limited v. Kilusang
Manggagawa ng Legenda, G.R. No.169754, February
23, 2011
e. Acquisition of Legal Personality LC, Arts. 240 & 241; IR, Book V, Rule III, Sec. 2 E.
f. Rights of Legitimate Labor LC, Art. 251; Acedera v. International Container
Organization Terminal Services, Inc., G.R. No. 146073, January 13,
2003
g. Effects on Non-Registration IR, Book V, Rule IV, Sec. 8; Tropical Hut Employees
Union v. Tropical Hut Food Market, Inc., 181 SCRA
173 (1990)
2. Cancellation of Union Certificate of LC, Arts. 245, 246, 247; 250(j), Last 2 par., & 248;
Registration IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(g) & Rule XIV; Air Phil.
Corp. v. BLR, 492 SCRA 243 (2006); S.S. Ventures
International, Inc. v. S.S. Ventures Labor Union, G.R.
No. 161690, July 23, 2008; Mariwasa Siam
Ceramics, Inc. v. The Secretary of the Department of
Labor and Employment, et al., G.R. No. 183317,
December 21, 2009; The Heritage Hotel Manila v.
National Union of Workers in the Hotel, Restaurant
and Allied Industries-Heritage Hotel Manila
Supervisors Chapter (NUWHRAIN-HHMSC), G.R.
No. 178296, January 12, 2011; Takata (Philippines)
Corporation v. BLR, G.R. No. 196276, June 4, 2014
E. International Activities of Union LC, Arts. 284-286
F. Union – Member Relations LC, Arts. 250 & 260(a); UST Faculty Union v.
Bitonio, G.R. No. 131235, November 16, 1999
1. Admission and Discipline of Members LC, Arts. 260(a), 250(a), (e) & 292(c); Salunga v.
CIR, 21 SCRA 216 (1967); Villar v. Inciong, 121
SCRA 444 (1983)
Due Process Bugay v. Kapisanan ng mga Manggagawa sa MRR, 4
SCRA 487 (1962)
2. Election of Officers LC, Art. 250 (c), (f) & (k); Book V, Rule XII
a. Qualifications LC, Art. 250 (c) & (f)
b. Manner of Election LC, Art. 250 (c)
c. Tenure LC, Art. 250 (c)
d. Compensation LC, Art. 250(k)
e. Who may vote LC, Art. 250 (c); Tancinco v. Calleja, 157 SCRA 203
(1988)
F. Effect of election Kapisanan v. Trajano, 134 SCRA 236 (1985)
3. Major policy matter LC, Art. 250 (d)
4. Union funds LC, Arts. 250(a) (b) (c) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n)
(o); IR, Book V, Rule XIII
Payment of attorney’s fees and LC, Arts. 250 (o) (n) & 228 (b); Peninsula Employees
special assessments Union v. Esquivel, G.R. No. 218454, December 1,
2016; Gabriel v. Secretary of Labor, G.R. No.
115949, March 16, 2000
5. Mandatory Activity LC, Art. 250 (o); Galvadores v. Trajano, 144 SCRA
138 (1986)
6. Union Information /Obligation LC, Art. 250 (p)
7. Enforcement of union members’ rights LC, Art. 250 penultimate and last par., and Art. 245;
and remedies – Intra-union IR, Book V, Rules XI, XII, XIII, XIV & XV; Diokno
disputes; jurisdiction; procedure v. Cacdac, 526 SCRA 440 (2007); Employees Union
and sanctions: of Bayer Phils. v. Bayer Philippines Inc., G.R. No.
162943, December 6, 2010; Rodriguez v. Director,
G.R. Nos. 76579-82, August 31, 1988; Duyag v.
Inciong, 98 SCRA 522 (1980); Mendoza v. Officers of
Manila Water Employees Union, G.R. No. 201595,
January 25, 2016
G. Union Chartering and Affiliation:***
Local and Parent Union Relations
1. Affiliates and chartered locals, IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(a) (i) (w) (kk);
national unions and federations;
IR, Book V, Rule III; Progressive Development Corp.
2. Registration v. Secretary of Labor, 205 SCRA 802 (1992)
Progressive Development Corp. v. Secretary of Labor,
2. Purpose; nature of relations 205 SCRA 802 (1992); Filipino Pipe & Foundry
Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 115180, November 16, 1999
3. Affiliation of both supervisory and LC, Arts. 255 & 256
rank-and-file unions with one mother
union
4. Local union disaffiliation: nature of National Union of Bank Employees v. Philnabank
right and legality Employees Association, G.R. No. 174287, August 12,
2013;
When a local union should disaffiliate Alliance of Nationalist and Genuine Labor
Organization v. Samana, 258 SCRA 371 (1996)

Part IV - APPROPRIATE BARGAINING UNIT


A. Law and Definition* IR, Book V, Rule 1, Sec. 1(d); LC, Arts. 267& 268;
Belyca Corporation v. Calleja, 168 SCRA 184 (1988)
B. Determination of Appropriate
Bargaining Unit
1. Factors – Unit Determination U.P. v. Ferrer-Calleja, 211 SCRA 451 (1992); San
Miguel Corp. v. Laguesma, 236 SCRA 595 (1994);
San Miguel Foods, Inc. v. San Miguel Corp.
Supervisors and Exempt Union, G.R. No. 146206;
August 1, 2011; Ang Lee v. Samahang Manggagawa
ng Super Lamination, G.R. No. 193816, November 21,
2016
2. Unit Severance and Globe Doctrine Mechanical Depart Labor Union v. CIR, 24 SCRA 925
(1968)
3. Size of Unit and Effect on Self- Filoil Refinery Corporation v. Filoil Supervisory and
Organization Confidential Employees Association, 46 SCRA 512
(1972)
4. Effect of Prior Agreement General Rubber and Footwear Corp. v. BLR, 155
SCRA 283 (1997)
C. Determining Agency Filoil Refinery Corporation v. Filoil Supervisory and
Confidential Employees Association, 46 SCRA 512
(1972); LC, Art. 232; IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(ii);
Rule VIII, Sec. 2

Part V - UNION REPRESENTATION:


ESTABLISHING UNION MAJORITY STATUS
A. Pre-Condition: Employer-Employee Allied Free Workers Union v. Cia Maritima, 19 SCRA
Relationship 258 (1967)
B. Methods of Establishing Majority Status
1. Policy/Rationale IR, Book V, Rule VI, Sec. 1; LC, Art. 218 (b);
CONST., Art. XIII, Sec. 3; Reyes v. Trajano, 209
SCRA 484 (1992); National Mines and Allied Workers
Union v. Secretary of Labor, 277 SCRA 821 (1993);
Samahang Manggagawa sa PERMEX v. Secretary of
Labor, G.R. No. 10772, March 2, 1998
2. SEBA certification* LC, Art. 251(c); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (bbb), Rule
VI, Sec. 2, & Rule VII
Effects IR, Book V, Rule VII, Sec. 4
3. Elections
a. Certification election LC, Art. 268; IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (h) (ll); VIII,
IX & X
b. Consent election – IR, Book V, Rules I, Sec. 1 (h) & VIII, Secs. 10, 11, 23
Effects IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 23
c. Run-off election LC, Art. 268, par. 1, penultimate sentence; IR, Book V,
Rule I, Sec. 1 (ss) & Rule X
4. Venue of Petition IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 2; Cruzvale Inc. v.
Laguesma, 238 SCRA 389 (1994)
C. Certification Election — Process: IR, Book V, Rules VIII, IX & X
1. The Union as Initiating Party LC, Art. 251 (b); IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 1
a. Organized Establishment LC, Arts. 268 & 264; IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (ll)
i) Petition Before Freedom LC, Arts. 264 & 268; Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 3 (d);
Period Sec. 13, par. 1; Atlantic Gulf and Pacific Co. Manila
Inc. v. Laguesma, 212 SCRA 281 (1992)
ii) Petition Beyond Freedom National Congress of Union in Sugar Industry v.
Period Ferrer-Calleja, 205 SCRA 478 (1992)
iii) Filing Party – IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 1
Misrepresentation by Union DHL Phil. Corp. United RAF Association – FFW v.
Officers Buklod ng Manggagawa, G.R. No. 152094, July 22,
2004
iv) Form of Petition IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 4; National Mines and
Allied Workers Union v. Secretary of Labor, 227
SCRA 821
v) Substantial Support LC, Art. 268; IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 4(g); Sec.
14(f); 1997 IR, Rule XI, Sec. 11, ll(e); Port Workers
Union etc. v. DOLE, 207 SCRA 329 (1992); Oriental
Tin Can Labor Union v. Secretary of Labor, 294
SCRA 640 (1998)
vi) Forced Intervention/ Motion IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Secs. 7 & 8; Phil. Assn. of Free
for Intervention Labor Union v. Calleja, 169 SCRA 491 (1989)
b. Unorganized Establishment LC, Arts. 251 & 269; Sugbuanon Rural Bank v.
Laguesma, G.R. No. 116194, Feb. 2, 2000;
2. The Employer as Initiating Party/ LC, Arts. 270 & 271; IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 1,
Bystander Rule par. 2; Hercules Industries, Inc. v. Secretary of Labor,
214 SCRA 129 (1992)
3. Responsible Agency IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 2
4. Requisite for Validity of Election/ LC, Art. 268; IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (q) & Rule
Failure of Election IX, Secs. 17, 18, 19; Benguet Electric Coop. Inc. v.
Calleja, 180 SCRA 740 (1989)
5. Nature of Proceeding Port Workers Union etc. v. DOLE, 207 SCRA 329
(1992)
6. Certification Election – Process and IR, Book V, Rules VIII & IX
Procedure
a. Effect of Private Agreement PLUM Federation of Industrial and Agrarian Workers
v. Noriel, 119 SCRA 299 (1982)
b. Posting Notice IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1 (o); Rule IX, Sec. 6; Jisscor
Independent Union v. Torres, 221 SCRA 699 (1993)
c. Voters’ List IR, Book V, Rule IX, Sec. 5; Rule I, Sec. 1 (q)
d. Dismissed employees Yokohama Tire Phil., Inc. v. Yokohama Employees
Union, 539 SCRA 556 (2007)
e. Voting Day/Venue IR, Book V, Rule IX, Sec. 2; Asian Design and
Manufacturing Corp. v. Calleja, 174 SCRA 477
(1989)
f. Conduct of Election IR, Book V, Rule IX, Secs. 1 & 15; Hercules
Industries, Inc. v. Sec. DOLE, 214 SCRA 129 (1992)
g. Protest’ Period IR, Book V, Rule IX, Secs. 12 and 13; Rule I, Sec. 1
(p); Samahan ng Manggagawa v. Laguesma, 267
SCRA 303 (1997)
h. Appeal; Period LC, Art. 272; IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Secs. 17-21
i. Nullification of Election results United Employees Union of Gelmart Industries v.
Noriel, 67 SCRA 267 (1975)
D. Certification of Designated Majority LC, Art. 267 & 268; IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(t) &
Union Rule IX, Secs. 16 & 20; Militante v. NLRC, 246
SCRA 365 (1995); Phil. Diamond Hotel and Resort,
Inc. (Manila Diamond Hotel) v. Manila Diamond
Hotel Employees Union, G.R. No. 158075, June 30,
2006
E. Bars to Certification Election
1. One Year Bar/Certification year Rule IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 3(a) & 14(c); R. Transport
Corp. v. Laguesma, 227 SCRA 827 (1993); Kaisahan
ng Manggagawang Pilipino v. Trajano, 201 SCRA 453
(1991)
2. Negotiation Bar Rule IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Secs. 3(b) & 14(d)
3. Deadlock Bar Rule IR, Book V, Rule VIII, Sec. 3(c) &14(d); Divine Word
University of Tacloban v. Sec. Of Labor and
Employment, 213 SCRA 759 (1992)
4. Contract Bar Rule LC, Arts. 238; 268; 265, 2nd sentence & 261; IR, Book
V, Rule VIII, Sec. 3(d), 14(b) & Sec. 24; Colegio de
San Juan de Letran v. Assoc. G.R. No. 141471,
September 18, 2000; Samahan ng Manggagawa sa
Permex v. Sec. of Labor, 286 SCRA 692 (1998);
Samahan ng Manggagawa sa Pacific Plastic v.
Laguesma, 267 SCRA 303 (1997)
F. Effect of Petition for Cancellation of IR, Book V, Rule XI, Sec. 3, 2nd par., Samahan ng
Trade Union Registration Manggagawa sa Pacific Plastic v. Laguesma, 267
SCRA 303 (1997)

PART VI - COLLECTIVE BARGAINING:


GENERAL CONCEPT, PROCEDURE AND ISSUES
A. General Concept
1. Policy Declaration LC, Arts. 218(A) (a) & 218(B); CONST. Art. XIII,
Sec. 3
2. Nature and Purpose Kiok Loy v. NLRC, 141 SCRA 179, 185 (1986)
3. Duty to Bargain LC, Arts. 262-264; 251(c); 259(g); 254(c); P.I. Mfg.
Inc. v. P.I. Mfg. Supervisors’ and Foremen Association,
543 SCRA 613 (2008); Colegio de San Juan de Letran
v. Assoc., G.R. No. 141471, September 18, 2000;
Faculty Association of MAPUA v CA, 254 SCRA 709
(2007);
B. Bargainable Issues LC, Art. 263; Manila Fashions v. NLRC, 264 SCRA
104 (1996); Union of Filipro Employees-Drug v.
Nestle, G.R. No. 158930-31, August 22, 2006;
Samahan ng Manggagawa sa Top Form
Manufacturing v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 171 (1998)
C. Bargaining Procedure IR, Book V, Rule XVI
1. Private Procedure LC, Art. 262
2. Labor Code Procedure LC, Arts. 261, 268, 238 & 265; Caltex Refinery
Employees Association v. Brillantes, 279 SCRA 218
(1997)
3.Conciliation/preventive mediation LC, Arts. 255 (c), (d), (e) & 239; E.O. 251, Sec. 4;
Tabigue v. International Copra Export Corp., G.R. No.
183335, December 23, 2009; IR, Book V, Rule XXII,
Secs. 1 & 9; NUWHRAIN-APL-IUF Dusit Hotel
Nikko Chapter v. CA, G.R. No. 163942, November
11, 2008
D. The Collective Bargaining Agreement
1. Definition/Contents IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(j); LC, Art. 273
2. Registration LC, Art. 237; IR, Book V, Rule XVII, Secs. 1-3
3. Beneficiaries LC, Art. 267; Mactan Workers Union v. Aboitiz, 45
SCRA 577 (72)
4. Minutes of Negotiation Samahan ng Manggagawa sa Top Form
Manufacturing v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 171 (1998)
5. Interpretation, Administration and Norkis Free and Independent Workers Union v. Norkis
Enforcement Trading Co., G.R. No. 157098; June 30, 2005;
University of San Agustin, Inc. v. USAEU- FFW, G.R.
No. 177594, July 23, 2009; Bank of the Philippine
Islands v. Bank of the Philippine Islands Employees
Union-Metro Manila, G.R. No. 175678, August 22,
2012
a. Nature Pantranco North Express, Inc. v. NLRC, 259 SCRA
161 (1996); Dole Phils. Inc. v. Pawis ng Makabayang
Obrero, G.R. No. 146650, January 13, 2003
b. Grievance Procedure LC, Arts. 267, 273 & 274; USAEU-FFW v. CA, G.R.
No. 169632, March 28, 2006; Atlas Farm, Inc. v.
NLRC, G.R. No. 142244, November 18, 2002
c. Contract Ambiguity Holy Cross of Davao College, Inc. v. Holy Cross
Faculty Union- KAMAPI, G.R. No. 156098; June 27,
2005
d. Contract Duration and Renewal LC, Arts. 265 & 264; IR, Book V, Rule XVII, Sec. 7 &
8; New Pacific Timber v. NLRC, G.R. No. 124224,
March 17, 2000; Rivera v. Espiritu, G.R. No. 135547,
January 23, 2002; Meralco v. Sec. Quisimbing G.R.
No. 127598, August 1, 2000
e. CBA and 3rd Party Liability Associated Labor Unions v. NLRC, 204 SCRA 913
(1991)
f. CBA and Disaffiliation Elisco-Elirol Labor Union v. Noriel, 80 SCRA 682
(1977)
g. Jurisdiction of Voluntary LC, Arts. 274, 275 & 224(c)
Arbitrators

PART VII - UNFAIR LABOR PRACTICE


A. In General
1. Definition and General Concept LC, Arts. 219(k) & 258
Culili v. Eastern Telecommunications Philippines,
Inc., G.R. No. 165381, February 9, 2011; Galaxie
Steel Workers Union v. NLRC, G.R. No. 165757,
October 2006; Sterling Products International, Inc. v.
Secretary of Labor, 7 SCRA 446 (1963);
2. Requisites
a. Employer-Employee American President Lines Inc. v. Clave,114 SCRA 826
Relationship (82)
b. Act must be specifically LC, Arts. 259 & 260
defined in the law
3. Burden of proof. Tiu v. NLRC, 227 SCRA 680 (1997); Central
Azucarera De Bais Employees Union-NFL v. Central
Azucarera De Bais, Inc., G.R. No. 186605, November
17, 2010; Union of Filipro Employees-DFA-KMU v.
Nestle Philippines, Inc., G.R. Nos. 158930-31
4. Interpretation Caltex Filipino Managers and Supervisors Assn. v.
CIR, 44 SCRA 350 (1972)
5. Inter-relations of UPL Acts LC, Arts. 259 & 260; Republic Savings Bank v. CIR,
21 SCRA 226 (1967)
B. Acts Violative of Right to Self-
Organization
1. Interference, Restraint and Coercion LC, Arts. 259(a) & 292(g) & (h), & 254 (a); Hacienda
Fatima v. National Federation of Sugarcane Workers-
Food, G.R. No. 149440, January 28, 2003;
a. Interrogation Scoty’s Department Store v. Micaller, G.R. No. L-
8116, August 25, 1956; Philippine Steam Navigation
Co. v. Phil. Marine Officers Guild, 15 SCRA 174
(1965)
b. Speech, Espionage, Economic The Insular Life Assurance Co. Ltd., Employees Assn.
Coercion v. Insular Life Assurance Co. Ltd., 37 SCRA 243
(1971)
c. Concerted Activities Philippine Blooming Mills Employees Organization v.
Philippines Blooming Mills, Co., 51 SCRA 189
(1973); Republic Savings Bank v. CIR, G.R. No. L-
20303, September 27, 1967
2. Non-Union Membership or LC, Art. 259(b); Visayan Stevedore Trans. Co. v.
Withdrawal from Membership as CIR,19 SCRA 426 (1967)
a condition of Employment
(yellow-dog contract)
3. Contracting out to Discourage LC, Art. 259(c); Bankard, Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No.
Unionism 171664, March 6, 2013
4. Company Domination of Union LC, Art. 259(d); Progressive Development Corp. v.
CIR, 80 SCRA 434 (1977)
5. Discrimination to Encourage/ LC, Art. 259(e)
Discourage Unionism
a. Valid discrimination: union Alabang Country Club, Inc. v. NLRC, 545 SCRA 351
security clause – requisites (2008); Del Monte v. Zaldivar, G.R. No. 158620, 11
October 2006; BPI v. BPI Employees Union –Davao
Chapter, Federation of Unions in BPI Unibank, G.R.
No. 164301, August 10, 2010 & October 19, 2011
b. Collection of agency fees LC, Art. 259(e); Del Pilar Academy et al., v. Del
Pilar Academy Employees Union, G.R. No. 170112,
April 30, 2008
6. Retaliation: Testimony Against LC, Art. 259(f); H.G. Henares & Sons v. National
Employer/Indirect discrimination Labor Union, G.R. No. 17535, December 28, 1961;
Mabeza v. NLRC, G.R. No. 118506, April 18, 1997;
Itogon-Suyoc Mines, Inc. v. Baldo, G.R. No. 17739,
December 24, 1964.
7. Illegal Exaction LC, Art. 260(d)
Featherbedding
8. Management Prerogative and Unfair Shell Oil Workers Union v. Shell Co. of the Phils. Ltd.,
Labor Practices 39 SCRA 276 (1971); San Miguel Corp. Employees
Union v. Bersamira, 186 SCRA 496 (1990)
C. Acts Violative of Right to Collective
Bargaining
1. Violation of Duty to Bargain LC, Arts. 259(g), 260(c), & 262-264; Shell Oil
Workers Union v. Shell Co. of the Phils. Ltd., 39
SCRA 276 (1971); General Milling Corp. v. CA, G.R.
146728, February 11, 2004; Central Azucarera De
Bais Employees Union-NFL v. Central Azucarera De
Bais, Inc., G.R. No. 186605, November 17, 2010; St.
John Colleges, Inc. v. St. John Academy Faculty and
Employees Union, G.R. No. 167892, October 27,
2006; Union of Fillipro Employees – DFA v. Nestle
Phil. Inc., G.R. No. 158930, March 3, 2008
2. Negotiation or Attorney’s Fees LC, Arts. 259(h) & 260(e)
3. Gross Violation of Collective LC, Art. 259(i), 260(f), & 274; Arellano University
Bargaining Agreement Employees and Workers Union v. CA, G.R. No.
139940, September 19, 2006; San Miguel Foods, Inc.
v. SMC Employees Union-PTGWO, 535 SCRA 133
(2007); Employees Union of Bayer Phils. v. Bayer
Philippines Inc., G.R. No. 162943, December 6, 2010
D. Motive, Conduct and Proof
1. Employer Motive and Proof Phil. Metal Foundries, Inc. v. CIR, 90 SCRA 135
(1979)
2. Totality of Evidence Royal Undergarment Corporation of the Phil. v. CIR,
186 SCRA 278 (1990)
E. Enforcement, Remedies and Sanctions
1. Parties Against Whom ULP LC, Arts. 258 -260, & 219(e), (f), & (g)
Committed
2. Parties Liable for Acts
a) Employer LC, Arts. 259 & 303-304
b) Labor Organization LC, Arts. 260 & 303-304; National Labor Union v.
CIR, 116 SCRA 417 (1982)
3. Prosecution and Prescriptive Period
a) Civil Aspect LC, Art. 260, pars. 2-4 & 306
b) Criminal Aspect LC, Arts. 259 & 305
4. Compromise CCLC E.G. Gochangco Workers Union v. NLRC; 161
SCRA 656 (1988)
5. Remedies and Sanctions
a) Civil Remedies LC, Arts. 259, 2nd & 3rd par.; Quadra v. CA, G.R. No.
147593, July 31, 2006
b) Penal Remedies LC, Arts. 259, 303-305

PART VIII - UNION CONCERTED ACTIVITIES


A. Basis of Right to Engage in Concerted
Activities

1. Constitution CONST., Art. XIII, Sec. 3; Bisig ng Manggagawa sa


Concrete Aggregates, Inc. v. NLRC, 226 SCRA 499
(1993)
2. Statutory LC, Arts. 218-A(a), (b), & (c), & 268(a) & (b); IR,
Book V, Rule XXII; Ilaw at Buklod ng Manggagawa
(IBM) v. NLRC,198 SCRA 586 (1991)
3. Limitations Batangas Laguna Tayabas Bus Co. v. NLRC, 212
SCRA 792 (1992)
B. Strike
1. Definition LC, Art. 219(o); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(uu); G&S
Transport Corp. v. Tito S. Infante, 533 SCRA 288
(2007); Bukluran ng Manggagawa sa Clothmen
Knitting Corp. – Solidarity of Unions v. CA, G.R.
158158; January 17, 2005; Diwa ng Pagkakaisa-
PAFLU v. Filtex International Corp., 43 SCRA 217
(1972)
2. Nature and Purpose Batangas Laguna Tayabas Bus Co. v. NLRC, 212
SCRA 792 (1992)
3. Rationale for Regulation by Law Lapanday Workers Union v. NLRC, 248 SCRA 95
(1995); Sta. Rosa Coca-Cola Plant Employees Union
v. CCBP, G.R. No. 164302-03, 24 January 2007;
4. Effect on Work Relationship LC, Art. 219(o); Escario v. NLRC, G.R. No. 160302,
September 27, 2010
5. Types and Conversion
a. Unfair Labor Practice LC, Art. 278(c); Master Iron Labor v. NLRC, 219
SCRA 47 (1993)Shell Oil Workers Union v. Shell Co.
of the Phil., 39 SCRA 276 (1971)
b. Bargaining Deadlock – LC, Art. 278(c); Consolidated Labor Association of
Economic/ULP the Phils. v. Marsman and Co., 11 SCRA 589 (1964)
6. Grounds IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Sec. 5
a. Allowable Strikes LC, Art. 278(c)
b. Prohibited Strikes LC, Arts. 278(b), 278(g), 279(a), & 280; Ilaw at
Buklod ng Manggagawa(IBM) v. NLRC,198 SCRA
586 (1991); Philcom Employees Union v. Philippine
Global, G.R. No. 144315, July 17, 2006; Biflex Phils.,
Inc. Labor Union (NAFLU) v. Filflex Industrial and
Manufacturing Corporation and Biflex (Phils.), Inc.,
G.R. No. 155679, 19 December 2006
c. No Strike Clause Malayang Samahan ng Manggagawa s M. Greenfield
v. Ramos, G.R. No. 113907, February 28, 2000
7. Striking Party IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Sec. 6
8. Procedural Requirements IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Secs. 5-11
a. Effort to Bargain LC, Art. 279(a), 261-264
b. Filing of Notice of Intention LC, Art. 278(c) & (d); IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Sec. 7
c. Observance of Cooling-Off LC, Art. 278(c) & (e)
Period
d. Strike Vote LC, Art. 278(f) & (a); Pilipino Telephone Corp. v.
PILTEA, 525 SCRA 361 (2007); Sukhothai Cuisine
and Restaurant v. CA, G.R. No. 150437, July 17, 2006
9. Test of Legality
a. Legal Strikes
i) Purpose and Means Test Reliance Surety and Insurance Co., Inc. v. NLRC, 193
SCRA 365 (1991)
ii) Defenses — Good Faith Master Iron Labor Union v. NLRC, 219 SCRA 47
(1993); National Union of Workers Hotels, Restaurant
and Allied Industries v. NLRC, 287 SCRA 192 (1998)
b. Illegal Strikes
Philippine Diamond Hotel and Resort, Inc. (Manila
i) Basis of Illegality Diamond Hotel) v. Manila Diamond Hotel Employees
Union, G.R. No. 158075, June 30, 2006
ii) Effect of Illegality Sukhothai Cuisine and Restaurant v. CA, G.R. No.
150437, July 17, 2006; Arellano University Employees
and Workers Union v. CA, G.R. No. 139940,
September 19, 2006; Nissan Motors Philippines, Inc.
v. Secretary of Labor and Employment and Bagong
Nagkakaisang Lakas sa Nissan Motor Philippines, Inc.
(BANAL-NMPI-OLALIA-KMU), G.R. Nos. 158190-
91, June 21, 2006; Yolito Fadriquelan, et al. vs.
Monterey Foods Corporation/Monterey Foods
Corporation v. Bukluran ng mga Manggagawa sa
Monterey-ILAW, et al., G.R. No. 178409/G.R. No.
178434, June 8, 2011
iii) Effect of LC, Art. 278(g); Union of the Filipro Employees-Drug
Assumption/Certification order v. Nestle, G.R. No. 158930-31, August 22, 2006;
Manila Hotel Employees Association and its members
v. Manila Hotel Corp., G.R. No. 154591, March 5,
2007; Steel Corporation v. SCP Employees - NAFLU,
G.R. Nos. 169829-30, April 16, 2008; FEU-NRMF v.
FEU-NRMFEA-AFW, G.R. No. 168362, October 16,
2006;
10. Employment of Strike Breakers LC, Art. 279 (c); 219(r)

11. Improved Offer Balloting and Strikes LC, Art. 280; IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Sec. 12
C. Strikes in industries indispensable to
the national interest

1. Rationale of Compulsory Arbitration; LC, Art. 278(g); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(gg);
Manila Cordage Company v. CIR, 37 SCRA 288
(1971; University of Immaculate Concepcion Inc. v.
Sec. of Labor, 448 SCRA 190 (2005)
2. Definition and Nature of Dispute
Subject to Compulsory Arbitration; LC, Art. 278(g); GTE Directories Corp. v. GTE
Directories Corp. Employees Union, 197 SCRA 452
(1991); Phimco Industries Inc. v. Brillantes, 304 SCRA
747 (1999); Trans-Asia Shipping Lines Inc. v. Court of
3. SOLE’s assumption/certification Appeals, 433 SCRA 610 (2004);
order is constitutional;
Union of Filipro Employees v. Nestle Phils., 192 SCRA
396 (1990); Philtread Workers Union v. Confesor,
G.R. No 117169, March 12, 1997;

Suggested readings: Senate Bill No. 3210,


http://senate.gov.ph/lis/bill_res.aspx?
congress=15&q=SBN-3210; House Bill No. 1564,
http://www.congress.gov.ph/download/comms_related_
15/hb01564.pdf; Position Paper of the Employers
Confederation of the Philippines (ECOP) on Senate
Bill No. 532 (Limiting the Power of Assumption or
Certification of Labor Disputes),
http://www.ecop.org.ph/advocacy/policy/Essential%20
Services.pdf; New Labor secretary told: Hands off on
assumption of jurisdiction,
http://www.kilusangmayouno. org/ news/2010/07/new-
labor-secretary-told-hands-assumption-jurisdiction

4. SOLE’s assumption/certification Trans-Asia Shipping Lines, Inc.-Unlicensed Crews


order is plenary Employees Union v. CA, G.R. No. 145428, July 7,
2004; Manila Diamond Hotel Employees Union v. CA,
447 SCRA 97 (2005)

5. Effect of Certification and Violation LC, Art. 278(g); Philcom Employees Union v.
of Order Philippine Global Communications, 495 SCRA 214
(2006); Manila Hotel Employees Assn. v. Manila Hotel
Corp., 517 SCRA 349 (2007); Grand Boulevard Hotel
v. Genuine Labor Organization, 406 SCRA 688
(2003); Toyota Motor Phils Corp. Workers Assn. v.
NLRC, 537 SCRA 171 (2007); Sarmiento v. Tuico,
162 SCRA 676 (1988); Union of Filipro Employees v.
Nestle Phils., 192 SCRA 396 (1990)
C. ​Slowdown as Concerted Activity Ilaw at Buklod ng Manggagawa (IBM), 98 SCRA 598
(1991); Yolito Fadriquelan, et al. vs. Monterey Foods
Corporation/ Monterey Foods Corporation v.
Bukluran ng mga Manggagawa sa Monterey-ILAW, et
al., G.R. No. 178409/G.R. No. 178434, June 8, 2011.
D. Picketing IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Sec. 13
1. Definition
2. Nature and Purpose of Picket Line Insular Life Assurance Co. Ltd. Employees Assn. v.
Insular Life Assurance Co. Ltd., 37 SCRA 243 (1971);
Sta. Rosa Coca-Cola Plant Employees Union v.
CCBP, G.R. No. 164302-03, January 24, 2007
3. Picketing and Libel Laws Philippine Commercial and Industrial Bank v.
Philnabank Employees Assn., 105 SCRA 314 (1981)
4. Curtailment Nagkahiusang Manggagawa sa Cuizon Hotel v.
Libron, 124 SCRA 448 (1983)
5. Regulation/Restrictions, Innocent Liwayway Publishing Co. Inc. v. Permanent Concrete
Third-Party Rule and Liabilities Workers Union, 108 SCRA 161 (1981)
6. Prohibited Activities – Peaceful LC, Art. 279(b); IR, Book V, Rule XXII, Sec. 13
Picketing–
E. Labor Injunction
1. Injunction prohibited LC, Arts. 266 & 219(l); Caltex Filipino Managers and
Supervisors Association v. CIR, G.R. Nos. L-30632-
33, April 11, 1972
2. Exceptions LC, Arts. 225(e) & 278(g)
F. Role of Peace Officers During Strikes
and Picketing
1. Escorting LC, Art. 279(d)
2. Arrest and Detention of Law Violators LC, Art. 281

Part IX - EMPLOYER LOCK-OUT


A. Basis, Limitation and Definition LC, Arts. 278(b), & 219(p); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec.
1(gg)
B. Effect on Work Relationship LC, Art. 219p)
C. Ground LC, Art. 278(c)
D. Prohibited Lock-out LC, Arts. 278(b) & (g), 279(a)
E. Procedural Requirements LC, Arts. 279(a), (c), (d), & (e), 278(e); IR, Book V,
Rule XXII, Secs. 5-11; Philtread v. NLRC, 218 SCRA
805 (1993)
F. Effect of Illegal Lock-out LC, Art. 279(a), par. 3, 1st sentence
Part X - LABOR RELATIONS IN THE
PUBLIC SECTOR
A
.
R
i
g
h
t
t
o
O
r
g
a
n
i
z
e
CONST.,1 Art. III, Sec. 8; Art. XIII Sec. 3;
.Art. IX-B, Sec. 2(5); Executive Order No.
B180 (1987); Amended Rules Governing the
aExercise of the Right of Government
sEmployees to Self-Organization the
iImplementing Rules (Amended Rules);
sILO Convention No. 151, Preamble, Arts.
1-9; International Covenant on Economic,
Social and Cultural Rights, Art. 8;
International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights, Art. 22;
EO 180,2 Rule III; Amended Rules, Rule II,
Sec. 3;.
A
c
t
i
v
i
t
i
e
s
BEO 180, Secs. 2 to 4; Amended Rules, Rule
.II, Sec. 2, and Rule I (ii), (k), (z), & (aa);
O
f
f
i
c
e
r
s
a
n
d
E
m
p
l
o
y
e
e
s
w
i
t
h
R
i
g
h
t
t
o
S
e
l
f
-
o
r
g
a
n
i
z
a
t
i
o
n
CEO 180, Sec. 5 & Sec. 6; Amended Rules,
.Rule XVI, Secs. 1 & 2;
P
r
o
t
e
c
t
i
o
n
o
f
R
i
g
h
t
DEO 180, Sec. 7 & 8; Amended Rules, Rule
.I, Sec. 1 (u), (jj) & (ll), and Rules V to VII;
R
e
g
i
s
t
r
a
t
i
o
n
EEO 180, Sec. 10; Amended Rules, Rule I,
.Sec. 1 (a), (b), & (w);
A
c
c
r
e
d
i
t
a
t
i
o
n
a
s
N
e
g
o
t
i
a
t
i
n
g
A
g
e
n
t
EO 180,1. Sec. 11; Amended Rules, Rule
VIII, Secs.V2-8;
o
l
u
n
t
a
r
y
R
e
c
o
g
n
i
t
i
o
n
EO 180,2. Sec. 12; Amended Rules, Rule I,
Sec. 1 (g), CRule VIII, Sec. 8, & Rules IX to
XI; Assn. ofe Court of Appeals Employees v.
Ferrer-Calleja,
r 203 SCRA 596 (1991);
Bautista v. tCA, 452 SCRA 406 (2005);
i
f
i
c
a
t
i
o
n
E
l
e
c
t
i
o
n
EO 180,
3. Sec. 9; Rule I(j); Rule I, Sec. 1
(gg) & (hh);B
a
r
g
a
i
n
i
n
g
u
n
i
t
Amended
4. Rules, Rule VIII, Sec. 12;
R
e
s
p
o
n
s
i
b
i
l
i
t
y
o
f
B
a
r
g
a
i
n
i
n
g
A
g
e
n
t

FEO 180, Sec. 13; Amended Rules, Rules


.XII to XIII;
C
o
l
l
e
c
t
i
v
e
N
e
g
o
t
i
a
t
i
o
n
Amended
1. Rules, Rule XII, Secs. 1 & 2;
N
e
g
o
t
i
a
b
l
e
I
s
s
u
e
s
Amended2. Rules, Rule XII, Secs. 3 & 5;
Abanilla v.NCommission, 468 SCRA 87
(2005);); Manila
o International Airport
Authority v.n Commission on Audit, G.R.
No. 194710,- Feb. 12, 2012;
N
e
g
o
t
i
a
b
l
e
I
s
s
u
e
s

GEO 180, Sec. 14; Amended Rules, Rule II,


.Sec. 3; Social Security System Employees
CAssn. v. CA, 175 SCRA 686 (1989); Manila
oPublic Schools Teachers Assn. v. Laguio,
n200 SCRA 323 (1991); Jacinto v. CA, 281
cSCRA 657 (1997);
e
r
t
e
d
A
c
t
i
v
i
t
i
e
s
HEO 180, Sec. 15; Amended Rules, Rules
.XIX & XX.
P
u
b
l
i
c
S
e
c
t
o
r
L
a
b
o
r
M
a
n
a
g
e
m
e
n
t
C
o
u
n
c
i
l

Part XI
​Termination of Employment ​

A. Security of tenure LC, Art. 294


i. 1 Nature of right/rationale Llosa Tan v. Silahis International Hotel, 181 SCRA
738 (1990); City Services Corp. Workers v. City
Services Corp., 135 SCRA 564 (1985)
2 Coverage Inter Orient Maritime Enterprises, Inc. v. NLRC,
235 SCRA 268 (1994); Woodridge School v. Pe
Benito, G.R. No. 160240, October 29, 2008
3 Requisites of valid termination Ting v. CA, G.R. No, 146174, July 12, 2006

4 Measure of penalty Bago v. NLRC, G.R. No. 170001, April 4, 2007;


Sagales v. Rustan’s Commercial Corp., G.R. No.
166554, November 27, 2008.; Negros Slashers, Inc.
v. Teng, G.R. No. 187122, February 22, 2012
B. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT
BY EMPLOYEE
1 Resignation Virgen Shipping Corp. v. Barraquio, G.R. No.
178127, April 16, 2009; Casa Cebuana
Incorporada v. Leuterio, G.R. No. 176040,
September 4, 2009; Mora v. Avesco Marketing
Corp., G.R. No. 177414, November 14, 2008;
1.1 Just causes LC, Art. 300 (b)
1.2 Without just cause LC, Art. 300 (a)
2 Performance of military/ civic LC, Art. 301; Omnibus Rules,
duty Book VI, Rule I, Sec. 12
C. TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT
BY EMPLOYER
1 Substantive requirements - just LC, Art. 297; 293; 292(b)
causes
ii. 1.1 Basis - management Ocean East Agency Corp. v. NLRC, 287 SCRA 546
prerogative (1998)
iii. 1.2 Serious LC, Art. 297 (a); D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.2(a) & (b);
misconduct/willful
disobedience Yabut v. MERALCO,* G.R. No. 190436, January 16,
(insubordination) 2012; Universal Robina Sugar Milling Corporation
v. Ablay,* G.R. No. 218172, March 16, 2016;
Imasen Philippine Manufacturing Corporation v.
Alcon, G.R. No. 194884, October 22, 2014;
First Dominion Resources Corp. v. Penaranda, 480
SCRA 504 (2006); Bascon v. CA, 422 SCRA 122
(2004); Lores Realty Enterprises, Inc., v. Virginia E.
Pacia, G.R. No. 171189, March 9, 2011
iv. 1.3 Gross and habitual LC, Art. 297 (b); D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.2(c);
neglect of duties
Cavite Apparel, Inc. v. Marquez,* G.R. No. 172044,
February 06, 2013; Talidano v. Falcon Maritime and
Allied Services, Inc., G.R. No. 172031, July 14,
2008; School of the Holy Spirit of Quezon City v.
Taguiam,* G.R. No. 165565, July 14, 2008; Eastern
Overseas Employment Center, Inc. v. Bea, 476
SCRA 384 (2005)
v. 1.4 Fraud or loss of trust LC, Art. 297 (c); D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.2(d) & (e);
and confidence
Manila Jockey Club, Inc. v. Trajano, G.R. No.
160982, June 26, 2013;* James Ben L. Jerusalem v.
Keppel Monte Bank, et al., G.R. No. 169564. April
6, 2011; Salas v. Aboitiz One, Inc., G.R. No. 178236,
June 27, 2008; Eats-cetera Food Services Outlet v.
Letran, G.R. 179507, October 2, 2009
vi. 1.5 Commission of crime LC, Art. 297 (d); D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.2(f)
vii. 1.6 Analogous causes LC, Art. 297 (e); D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.2(g);
Heavylift Manila, Inc. v. CA, 473 SCRA 541 (2005);
John Hancock Life Insurance Corp. v. Davis, G.R.
169549, September 3, 2008; Yrasuegui v. PAL, G.R.
No. 168081, October 17, 2008
viii. 1.7 Others
1. 1.7.1 Abandonment
Harpoon Marine Services, Inc. v. Francisco, GR No.
167751, March 2, 2011
2. Batongbacal v. Associated Bank, 168 SCRA 600
1.7.2 (1988)
Courtesy
resignation
3. Manlimos v. NLRC, 242 SCRA 145 (1995)
1.7.3 Change
of ownership
4. Quiambao v. Manila Electric Co., G.R. No. 171023,
1.7.4 December 18, 2009
Habitual
absenteeism
5. 1.7.5 Fixed-term Medenilla v. PVB, G.R. No. 127673; March 13,
employment 2000; Pamantasan v. Civil Service Commission, 241
SCRA 506 (1995)
6. 1.7.6 Past offenses McDonald's (Katipunan Branch) v. Alba, G.R.
156382, December 18, 2008
7. 1.7.7 Immorality Imasen Philippine Manufacturing Corporation v.
Alcon, G.R. No. 194884, October 22, 2014
8. 1.7.8 Conviction of Sampaguita Garments Corp. v. NLRC, 233 SCRA
crime 260 (1994)
ix. 1.8 Gilles v. CA, G.R. No. 149273, June 5, 2009. Chiang
Constructive Kai Shek College v. CA, 437 SCRA 171 (2004). La
dismissal Rosa v. Ambassador Hotel, G.R. No. 177059, March
13, 2009; Tatel v. JLFP Investigation Security
Agency, Inc., G.R. No. 206942, February 25, 2015
x. 1.9 Transfer Aguanza v. Asian Terminal Inc., G.R. No. 163505,
August 14, 2009; Herida v. F&C Pawnshop and
Jewelry Store, G.R. No. 172601, April 16, 2009;
PLDT v. Paguio, 472 SCRA 453 (2005)
xi. 1.10 Phil. Telegraph v. CA, G.R. No. 152057, Sept. 29,
Promotion 2003
xii. 1.11 Old Omnibus Rules, Book V, Rule XXIV, Secs. 3 &
Preventive 4;
suspension
Philippine Airlines Inc. v. NLRC, 292 SCRA 40
(1998); Gatbonton v. NLRC, G.R. No. 146779,
January 23, 2006
xiii. 1.12 Residency training Felix v. Buenaseda, 240 SCRA 139 (1995)
2 Substantive requirements - LC, Art. 298
business related causes
2.1 Basis - employer right Edge Apparel Inc. v. NLRC, 286 SCRA 302 (1998);
Elleccion v. NLRC, G.R. No. 184735, September 17,
2009
xiv. 2.2 Installation of labor- LC, Art. 298; D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.4(a)
saving devices
xv. 2.3 Retrenchment to LC, Art. 298; D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.4(c);
prevent losses
Flight Attendants & Stewards Association of the
Philippines v. PAL,* G.R. No. 178083, July 22,
2008; Emcor, Inc. v. Sienes, G.R. No. 152101,
September 8, 2009; Metro Construction Inc. v.
Aman, G.R. No. 168324, October 12, 2009
xvi. 2.4 Redundancy LC, Art. 298; D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.4(b);
Arabit v. Jardine Pacific Finance, Inc., G.R. No.
181719; April 21, 2014; Lowe Inc. v. CA, G.R. No.
164813, August 14, 2009; AMA v. Garcia, G.R. No.
166703, April 14, 2008

xvii. 2.5 Closure of business LC, Art. 298; D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.4(d);
G.J.T. Rebuilders Machine Shop v. Ambos, G.R. No.
174184, January 28, 2015; Eastridge Golf Club Inc.
v. Eastridge Golf Club Inc. Labor Union,* G.R. No.
166760, August 22, 2008; Benson Industries
Employees Union_ALU-TUCP v. Genon,* G.R. No.
200746, August 6, 2014
xviii. 2.6 Temporary closure LC, Art. 301;
Valdez v. NLRC, 286 SCRA 87 (1998)
2.7 Disease LC, Art. 299; D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.4(e);
Deoferio v. Intel Technology Philippines, Inc.,* G.R.
No. 202996, June 18, 2014
D. PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS LC, Art. 292 (b); D.O. No. 147-15
1 In general Phil. Movie Pictures Workers' Assciation v. Premiere
Productions, Inc., 92 Phil. 843 (1953);
Agabon v. NLRC, 442 SCRA 573 (2004); King of
Kings Transport, Inc. v. Mamac, G.R. No. 166208,
June 29, 2007
2 Right to counsel Salaw v. NLRC, 202 SCRA 7 (1991)
3 1st Notice D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.1(a);
Casa Cebuana Incorporada v. Leuterio, G.R. No.
176040, September 4, 2009
4 Hearing D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.1(b);
Perez v. Philippine Telegraph and Telephone Co.,
G.R. No. 152048, April 7, 2009; Suico. v. NLRC,
G.R. No. 146762, January 30, 2007
5 2nd Notice D.O. No. 147-15, Sec. 5.1(c);
Dela Cruz v. Maerks Filipinas Crewing, Inc., G.R.
No. 172038, April 14, 2008
6 Burden of proof Macasero v. Southern Industrial Gases Phil., G.R.
No. 178524, January 30, 2009; Gallego v. Bayer
Phil., Inc., G.R. No. 179807, July 31, 2009
7 Degree of proof Mitsubishi Motors Phils. Corp. v. Simon, G.R. No.
164081, April 16, 2008; Rentokil (Initial) Phil., Inc.
v. Sanchez, G.R. No. 176219, December 23, 2008.
8 Prescription Callanta v. Carnation Phil., Inc., 145 SCRA 268
(1986); Montero v. Times Transportation Co., Inc.,
G.R. No. 190828, March 16, 2015
E. RELIEFS/REMEDIES IN ILLEGAL LC, Arts. 294 & 224
DISMISSAL
1 Reinstatement
xix. 1.1 Definition Pheschem Industrial Corp. v. Moldez, 458 SCRA
339 (2005); Citytrust Banking Corp. v. NLRC, G.R.
No. 104860; July 11, 1996
xx. 1.2 Reinstatement Pfizer, Inc., et al. v. Velasco, G.R. No. 177467,
pending appeal March 9, 2011; Bergonio, Jr. v. South East Asian
Airlines, G.R. No. 195227, April 21, 2014
xxi. 1.3 Exceptions
1. 1.3.1 Closure of Philippine Engineering Corp. v. CIR, 41 SCRA 102
business (1971)
2. 1.3.2 Prayer is for Citytrucking, Inc. v. Balajadia, G.R. No. 160769,
separation pay in August 9, 2006; Pheschem Industrial Corp. v.
lieu of reinstatement Moldez, 458 SCRA 339 (2005)

3. 1.3.3 Economic Electruck Asia, Inc. v. Meris, 435 SCRA 310 (2004;
business conditions Union Supervisors etc. v. Sec. Of Labor 128 SCRA
442 (1984)
4. 1.3.4 Employees' Divine Word High School v. NLRC, 143 SCRA 346
unsuitability (1986)
5. 1.3.5 Employee’s Citytrust Banking Corp. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 104860;
retirement/ overage July 11, 1996

6. 1.3.6 Strained Acesite Corp. v. NLRC, 449 SCRA 360 (2005);


relations Pentagon Steel Corp. v. CA, G.R. No. 174141, June
26, 2009.; Cabigting v. San Miguel Foods Inc., G.R.
No. 167706, November 5, 2009
7. 1.3.7 Not feasible Goma v. Pamplona Plantation, Inc., G.R. No.
160905, July 4, 2008
8. 1.3.8 Offer to Ranara v. NLRC, 212 SCRA 631 (1992)
reinstate
2 Backwages
xxii. 2.1 Effect of failure to Asian Terminals, Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 158458,
order December 19, 2007
xxiii. 2.2 Computation Bani Rural Bank, Inc. v. De Guzman, G.R.
No.170904, November 13, 2013
3 Damages and attorney’s fees M + W Zander Phil., Inc. v. Enriquez, G.R. No.
169173, June 5, 2009
4 Separation pay Siemens Phil., Inc. v. Domingo, G.R. No. 150488,
July 28, 2008; Nissan North EDSA Balintawak v.
Serrano, G.R. No. 162538, June 4, 2009
xxiv. 4.1 Computation/ Businessday Information Systems and Services, Inc.
rationale v. NLRC,* 221 SCRA 9 (1993; PLDT v. NLRC, 164
SCRA (1988); Songco v. NLRC, 183 SCRA 610
(1990)
xxv. 4.2 Effect of receipt Amkor Technology Phil., Inc. v. Juangco, G.R. No.
166507, September 27, 2006
5 Interest Nacar v. Gallery Frames, G.R. No. 189871, August
13, 2013
6 Financial assistance
xxvi. 5.1 When allowed/ not Luna v. Allado Construction Company, Inc., G.R.
allowed No. 175251, May 30, 2011; Apacible v. Multimed
Industries, et al., G.R. No. 178903, May 30, 2011;
Bristol Myers Squibb v. Baban, G.R. 167449,
December 17, 2008; Phil. Long Distance Tel. Co. v.
NLRC, 164 SCRA 671 (1988)
7 Indemnity Arms Taxi v. NLRC, 219 SCRA 306 (1993)

8 Solidary liability of corporate Harpoon Marine Services, Inc. v. Francisco, GR No.


officers 167751, March 2, 2011
G. RETIREMENT LC, Art. 302; Retirement Pay Law (RA No. 7641);
Implementing Rules; Labor Advisory on Retirement
Pay (Oct. 1999);
Oxales v. Unilab, G.R. No. 152991, July 21, 2008;
Quevedo v. Benguet Electric Cooperative, Inc., G.R.
No. 168927, September 11, 2009; Grace Christian
High School v. Lavandera, G.R. No. 177845,
August 20, 2014; Cercado v. Uniprom, Inc., G.R.
No. 188154, October 13, 2010; Goodyear
Philippines, Inc. v. Angus, G.R. No. 185449,
November 12, 2014


Part XI: Labor Dispute Settlement Machinery
A. Historical backdrop of the present C.A. No. 103 (1936) & C.A. No. 213 (1936); R.A.
labor dispute resolution system No. 875 (1953); Proc. No. 1081 (1972), G.O. No. 5
(1972), P.D. 442 (1974) & P.D. No. 823 (1975)
B. Methods of resolving labor disputes Suggested reading: Hans Leo J. Cacdac, Tiers of
Resolution in Philippine Labor Dispute Settlement,
http://ncmb.ph/News/Articles/ILODISP.htm
B.1. the preferred “free, voluntary and
democratic methods”
i. collective bargaining Kiok Loy v. NLRC 141 SCRA 179 (1986)
ii. grievance machinery NCMB Guidelines, Rule II, Secs. 1(g) and (h); LC,
Arts. 273 & 267; USAEU-FFW v. CA, G.R. No.
169632, March 28, 2006; Atlas Farm, Inc. v. NLRC,
G.R. No. 142244, November 18, 2002
iii. conciliation and mediation LC, Arts. 234; 261 (c), (d), (e); E.O. 251, Sec. 4; IR,
Book V, Rule XXII, Secs. 1 & 9; LC, Arts. 263 (h)
and 221;
Nissan Motors Phils. Inc. v. SOLE, 491 SCRA 607
(2006); Pentagon Steel Corporation v. CA, G.R. No.
174141, June 26, 2009; Tabigue v. International
Copra Export Corporation (INTERCO), G.R. No.
183335, December 23, 2009;
Supreme Court Administrative Circular No. 14-93;
Montoya v. Escayo, 171 SCRA 442(1989)
1. the Single-Entry Approach Department Order No. 107-10;
(SEnA) to dispute settlement
Arnold de Vera, Fairer, Faster, and Cheaper A
Proposal to Enhance the Philippines’ Labor Dispute
Settlement System (http://www.ibp.ph/downloads/
pdf/Vol.31_No.1_2005.pdf)
2. compromise agreement/waiver LC, Art. 233;
Mindoro Lumber and Hardware v. Bacay, 459 SCRA
714 (2005); Land and Housing Development Corp.
v. Esquillo, G.R. No. 152012, September 30, 2005;
Ilagan v. CA, G.R. No. 162089, July 9, 2008; Hotel
Enterprises of the Philippines, Inc. v. Samahan ng
mga Manggagawa sa Hyatt-National Union of
Workers in the Hotel and Restaurant and Allied
Industries (SAMASAH-NUWHRAIN), G.R. No.
165756, June 5, 2009; Aujero v. Philcomsat, G.R.
No. 193484, January 18, 2012
iv. voluntary arbitration NCMB, Revised Procedural Guidelines in the
Conduct of Voluntary Arbitration Proceedings
(2005)

Suggested reading: Hans Leo J. Cacdac &


Teresita E. Audea, The State of Philippine Voluntary
Arbitration,
http://ncmb.ph/Publications/VA/Articles/VAPaper.pd
f
1. defined Chung Fu Industries v. CA, 206 SCRA 545 (1992);
Luzon Development Bank v. Association of
Development Bank Employees, 249 SCRA 162
(1995); Manila Central Line Corp. v. Manila Central
Line Free Workers Union, 290 SCRA 69 (1998)
2. enforcement and promotion of LC, Art. 273; EO 251, Sec. 4
voluntary arbitration
3. arbitrable issues; jurisdiction of LC, Arts. 274-275; 224(c); Art. 124, 5th par.; R.A.
voluntary arbitrator 6971, Secs. 4 (b) and 9; LC, Art. 263 (h);
Arellano University Employees and Workers Union
v. CA, G.R. No. 139940, September 19, 2006; SMFI
v. SMCEU-PTGWO, G.R. No. 168569, October 5,
2007; Landtex Industries v. CA, G.R. No. 150278,
August 9, 2007; Del Monte Phils. Inc. v. Saldivar,
504 SCRA 192 (2006); Sanyo Phils. Workers Union
v. Canizares, 211 SCRA 361 (1992)
4. selection of voluntary arbitrator LC, Arts. 219(n) and 273;
Manila Central Line Corp. v. Manila Central Line
Free Workers Union, G.R. Mo. 109383, June 15,
1998
5. nature of office and function of LC, Arts. 276, 273 & 219(n);
voluntary arbitrators Luzon Development Bank v. Assn. of Luzon
Development Bank Employees, 249 SCRA 162
(1995); Leyte IV Electric Cooperative, Inc. v. Leyco
IV Employees Assn., 537 SCRA 171 (2007); Nippon
Paint Employees Union v. CA, 443 SCRA 280
(2004); United Kimberly-Clark Employees Union v.
Kimberly-Clark Phils., Inc., 484 SCRA 187 (2006)
6. awards and orders Art. 276;
Eternit v. De Veyra, 189 SCRA 752 (1990); Ludo
and Luym Corp. V. Saordino, 395 SCRA 451 (2003);
United Kimberly-Clark Employees Union v.
Kimberly-Clark Phils., Inc., 484 SCRA 187 (2006);
Oceanic Bic Division (FFW) vs. Romero, G.R. No.
L-43890, July 16, 1984
7. finality and execution of award; LC, Art. 276; Rule 43, Rules of Court;
appeal from and arbitral Imperial Textile Mills, Inc. v. Sampong, 219 SCRA
order/award ​ 651 (1993); Coca-Cola Bottlers Phils., Inc. Sales
Force Union v. Coca-Cola, 464 SCRA 507 (2005);
AMA Computer College v. Nacino, 544 SCRA 502
(2008); Luzon Development Bank v. Assn. of Luzon
Development Bank Employees, 249 SCRA 162
(1995)
8. Costs LC, Art. 277
B.2. coercive methods: strikes and lock-
outs
v. strikes LC, Art. 219(o); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec. 1(uu)
vi. lock-outs LC, Arts. 278(b), & 212(p); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec.
1(gg)
C. The labor dispute settlement LC, Art. 218-A (e)
machinery:
i. The President and the Secretary of LC, Arts. 278(g), & 219(p); IR, Book V, Rule I, Sec.
Labor and Employment (SOLE): 1(gg);
compulsory arbitration of labor Philtread Workers Union v. Confesor, G.R. No
disputes in industries indispensable 117169, March 12, 1997; Trans-Asia Shipping Lines,
to the national interest; procedure Inc.-Unlicensed Crews Employees Union v. CA, G.R.
No. 145428, July 7, 2004

Suggested readings: Senate Bill No. 3210,


http://senate.gov.ph/lis/bill_res.aspx?
congress=15&q=SBN-3210; House Bill No. 1564,
http://www.congress.gov.ph/download/comms_relate
d_15/hb01564.pdf; Position Paper of the Employers
Confederation of the Philippines (ECOP) on Senate
Bill No. 532 (Limiting the Power of Assumption or
Certification of Labor Disputes),
http://www.ecop.org.ph/advocacy/policy/Essential%
20Services.pdf; New Labor secretary told: Hands off
on assumption of jurisdiction,
http://www.kilusangmayouno. org/
news/2010/07/new-labor-secretary-told-hands-
assumption-jurisdiction
ii. The SOLE: appellate jurisdiction in Implementing Rules (IR), Book V, Rule IV, Sec. 6;
appeals -- from denial of application Rule VIII, Sec. 17; Rule XI, Sec. 16;
for registration of federations, etc.; Abbott Laboratories Phils., Inc. v. Abbott
from decisions in petitions for Laboratories Employees Union, G.R. No.131374,
certification elections; from January 26, 2000;
decisions in inter- and intra- LC, Art. 128 (b), 2003 POEA Rules and Regulations,
federation disputes and other related Rule V, Part VII, Sec. 1.
disputes; from labor inspection
orders issued by the Regional
Director; from decisions of
Philippine Overseas Employment
Administration (POEA) in
disciplinary action cases.
iii. The Bureau of Labor Relations LC, Art. 232; IR, Book V, Rule III, Sec. 1; Rule XI,
(BLR): registration of federations, Sec. 5
etc.; inter- and intra- federation
disputes and other related disputes;

iv. The BLR: appellate jurisdiction in Rule IV, Sec. 6; Rule XI, Sec.16
appeals – from denial of application
for union registration; from
decisions in inter- and intra- union
disputes and other related disputes
v. The Med-Arbiters: representation LC, Arts. 268 & 269; Art. 232; IR, Book V, Rule I,
disputes; applications for union Sec. 1(dd); Rule III, Sec. 1; Rule VIII, Sec. 2;
registration and intra- union M.Y. San Biscuits, Inc. v. Laguesma, G.R. No. 95011,
disputes and other related disputes, April 22, 1991;
except cancellation of union IR, Book V, Rule XI, Sec. 5
registration and deregistration of
collective bargaining agreements
vi. The Regional Directors: labor LC, Arts.128 and 129
standard disputes discovered during
labor inspection, and simple money
claims;
vii. The National Labor Relations LC, Art. 220; LC, Art. 224 (b); Art. 129, par. 2; 2011
Commission (NLRC): Appellate NLRC Rules of Procedure, Rule III, Secs. VI and
jurisdiction over all cases decided VII;
by labor arbiters, and over simple Tan v. Timbal, G.R. No. 141926, July 14, 2004; Sy v.
money claims decided by the ALC Industries, Inc., G.R. No. 168339, October 10,
Regional Director; 2008; Sasan v. NLRC, G.R. No. 176240, October 17,
2008; Philux v. NLRC, G.R. 151854, September 3,
2008; Garcia v. KJ Commercial, G.R. No. 196830,
February 29, 2012

Suggested reading: the 2011 Annual Report of the


NLRC, http://nlrc.dole.gov.ph/?q=node/105
viii. The NLRC: original jurisdiction 2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure, Rule XII
over petition for extraordinary
remedies (i.e., to annul labor
arbiter’s order or resolution)
ix. The NLRC: original jurisdiction LC, Art. 278(g); 2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure,
over certified labor disputes Rule III, Sec. VIII; LC, Arts. 254; Arts. 218(e) &
affecting industries indispensable to 264; 2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure, Rule III, Sec.
the national interests, and injunction X;
cases Samahang Manggagawa sa Sulpicio Lines, Inc.-
NAFLU v. Sulpicio Lines, Inc., 426 SCRA 319
(2004); Nestle Phils., Inc. v. NLRC, G.R. No. 85197,
March 18, 1991; PAL v. NLRC, G.R. No. 120567,
March 20, 1998
x. Other powers of the NLRC, e.g., LC, Art. 225; 2011 NLRC Rules of Procedure, Rule
rule-making and contempt) III, Sec. IX

xi. The Labor Arbiters: original and LC, Art. 224 (a); Art. 124, par. 5; R.A. 8042, Sec.
exclusive jurisdiction; 10;
San Miguel Corporation v. NLRC, 255 SCRA 133
(1996); National Union of Bank Employees v.
Lazaro, 157 SCRA 125 (1988); Oreshoot Mining Co.
v. Arellano, 156 SCRA 428 (1987); Rodriguez, Jr. v.
Aguilar, Sr., 468 SCRA 373 (2005); National
Federation of Labor v. Eisma, 127 SCRA 419(1984)
xii. Exceptions to jurisdiction of labor LC, Art. 278 (g); Arts. 224 © and 274; Arts. 224 (a)
arbiters (6) and129; R.A 6971, Sec. 9; LC, Art. 288, par. 3;
Okol v. Slimmers World International, G.R. No.
160146, December 11, 2009; San Miguel Corp. v.
NLRC, G.R. No. 80774 May 31, 1988
xiii. Proceedings before a labor arbiter LC, Arts. 227, 228, and 229; 2011 NLRC Rules of
Procedure, Rule V; Westmont Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
v. Samaniego, G.R. Nos. 146653-54, February 20,
2006; Oriental Shipmanagement Co., Inc. v. Bastol,
G.R. No. 186289, June 30, 2010 Quijano v.
Bartolabac, 480 SCRA 204 (2006)
xiv. POEA: administrative Omnibus Rules and Regulations Implementing R.A.
disciplinary cases No 8042, Sec. 28
b. The Court of Appeals (CA): Rules of Court (RC), Rule 43;
appeals from awards/orders Luzon Development Bank v. Association of
of voluntary arbitrators Development Bank Employees, 249 SCRA 162
(1995)
D. The CA: petitions for certiorari to RC, Rule 65;
annul judgment of the SOLE, NLRC, St. Martins Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 494
and the BLR (1998); Philippine National Bank v. Velasco, G.R.
166096, September 11, 2008;

Suggested reading: Solo V. Tibe, Exemption on


Docket Fees for Selected Labor Cases on Certiorari
and Appeal, IBP Journal, Vol. 34 No. 2,
http://www.ibp.ph/downloads/pdf/Vol.34_No.2_200
9.pdf
i. Not proper when appeal is available Tirazona v. CA, G.R. No. 169712, March 14, 2008;
Madriaga v. CA, 463 SCRA 298 (2005)
ii. motion for reconsideration as a Sim v. NLRC, G.R. No. 157376, October 2, 2007;
precondition Mandaue Dinghow Dimsum House v. NLRC, G.R.
No. 161134, March 3, 2008; Chris Garments
Corporation v. Sto. Tomas, G.R. No. 167426,
January 12, 2009
iii. period Laguna Metts Corporation v. Caalam, G.R. No.
185220, July 27, 2009
iv. errors of fact or law, not Anonas Construction and Industrial Supply
correctable via certiorari. Corporation v. NLRC, G.R. No. 164052, October 17,
2008; Maralit v. PNB, G.R. No. 163788, August 24,
2009
v. pendency of petition does not Remington Industrial Sales Corporation v.
interrupt main case Castaneda, G.R. No. 169295, November 20, 2006
E. The Supreme Court: appeal by RC, Rule 45;
certiorari from judgment of the CA Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction Company
Ltd. (formerly Hanjin Engineering and Construction
Co. Ltd.) v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 167938,
February 19, 2009
i. Only questions of law, not of fact, General Santos Coca-Cola Plant Free Workers
may be raised Union-TUPAS v. Coca-Cola Bottlers Phils., Inc.
(General Santos City), G.R. No. 178647, February
13, 2009; Yokohama Tire Philippines, Inc. v.
Yokohama Employees Union, G.R. No. 163532,
March 10, 2010; Cosmos Bottling Corporation v.
Nagrama, G.R. No. 164403, March 4, 2008
F. Prescription of Actions
i. Money claims LC, Art. 306
ii. Illegal dismissal Callanta v. Carnation Philippines, G.R. Mo. 70615,
October 28, 1986
iii. Unfair labor practice LC, Art. 305
iv. Other offenses penalized by the LC LC, Art. 305
and IRs

* This syllabus is intended to be used only in Atty. Añonuevo’s Law204M class. It should not be reproduced for any other
purpose, nor uploaded to any internet site, without his express authorization.