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The romantic nationalist music school was in the middle of the 19th century.

It was previously

attached to Western Europe in the economic and political fields, such as Russia, the Czech

Republic, Norway, Finland, Hungary, etc., with the development of the national liberation

movement. A group of musicians closely associated with the bourgeois nationalist cultural

movement. Therefore, it emphasizes regional and national nature; and an important result of it is

the formation of melody, tone, harmony and form structure with different national

characteristics, and various dynamic and new styles appear.

Most of the national music factions are politically radical, sympathetic or participate in the

bourgeois revolution of their own country and have a strong national consciousness. In art, they

advocate the creation of new music with distinctive national characteristics. Musicians of the

national music school often use their excellent folk music materials to express the heroic theme

of patriotism, in order to inspire their people to resist feudal and foreign rule. Democracy,

people's and nationality are always the distinctive symbols of their artistic activities.

The romantic trend of Polish culture in the nineteenth century was closely intertwined with

the development of the national liberation movement and the development of national art. In

terms of literature and poetry creation, it profoundly reflects the tragic history and suffering of

the Polish nation. In terms of music, the older generation of composers are dedicated to

collecting folk songs, etc., Monushko has contributed to the national opera, and the

representative work "Halka" is the first in Polish opera with a distinctive national style and

progressive tendency. Representative works. And Chopin of 19, a star on the European music

scene. His music inherits and develops the cultural tradition of Polish national music, creatively
absorbs the musical achievements of classical and romantic times, and has opened a new world

of music. His rhythm has national characteristics. He also has folk dance music such as Mazuka.

Etc., develop into a large work. His music is very personal – the rich Polish folk songs and the

noble poet temperament. Chopin is a composer who incorporated Eastern European folk music

vocabulary into Western art music earlier, which has a greater impact on later generations.

Liszt of Hungary, he sincerely pays attention to the cause of the motherland, the history and

heroes of the nation, the musical tones and rhythms of the folk, are vividly reflected in his

creations; he is strongly promoting the composers of Eastern Europe, Northern Europe and

Russia. Encourage him to play a positive role in the development of the national music school.

Its first form of musical genre, the symphonic poetry, has a great influence on later generations.

Due to geographical conditions, Norway and Finland are relatively backward among

European countries, knowing that the independent Kingdom of Norway was established in the

late 19th and early 20th centuries. In the climax of the renaissance of various national cultures in

the middle and late 19th century, Norway formed a national music school. The first composer

with a reputation in Northern Europe was Grieg; the representative in Finland was Sibelius.

Grieg's creations are closely linked to national themes. He was influenced by local writers

and others, and scored for Ibsen's drama "Peer Gent"; Norwegian folk Harlem, Spring Dance, the

rural scene score scene "Shepherd Boy", depicting the unique scenery of the motherland The "To

Spring" and "The Secluded Forest" have all expressed his deep attachment to his hometown and

the motherland. His music is dominated by simple and simple lyrical music, especially songs and

piano pieces. Most of the works are based on the contrast of the atmosphere, and the folk music
is used as the melody material to use the folk dance rhythm. In particular, the choice of harmony

is often based on natural tones, using uncoordinated chords, resulting in fuzzy and varied colors.

His music has had a greater impact on later-impressionist music.

The creation of Sibelius is linked to the struggle for national liberation. It not only directly

writes music for political struggle, but also reveals the soul of the nation and the voice of the

people. His concept of nationality is not only limited to the reference to folk songs, but also

includes the personal understanding of the characteristics of Finnish national music, and the style

and techniques of other Western European countries. For example, the symphonic poem "Finnish

颂" expresses deep inner deep, rich color and rich emotional expression.

The national music school was born under the unprecedented historical conditions of the

national and democratic movements of the countries in Northeast Europe. With the people's

national and democratic consciousness becoming more and more awakened, progressive literary

artists have developed a strong desire to get rid of foreign cultures and establish their own

modern culture. In addition, influenced by Western European romanticism and critical realism,

they initiated The movement to revive national culture. The musicians are dedicated to the

revival of national music. They created national opera houses, music academies and music

associations, collected and studied folk music, and strived to create works with distinctive

nationality to establish modern professional music of the nation, change the dominant position of

Western European music in the country and the development of national music. The backward

situation of being suppressed.

The development of the national music school is not accidental, it is the inevitable result of

music history. Its historical background determines its above characteristics. It has a great impact

on future generations.