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Satan and the Devil

As a word, 'satan' is an untranslated Hebrew word which means 'adversary', while 'devil' is a translation of the
Greek word 'diabolos', meaning a liar, an enemy or false accuser. Satan is not a red devil entity who is
responsible for all evil and seduces people to sin in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word is ‘haShatan’ = the
adversary/accuser. It is used in the following places in the Old Testament:

- Numbers 22:22, 32 describes the angel/messenger of YAH blocking Balaam's path.

- 1 Samuel 29: 4 shows the Philistine princes do not want David to go to battle with them, as he would
probably be an adversary to them.
- 1 Chronicles 21: 1 says that Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked King David to number Israel...used
as the name of a being.
- 2 Samuel 24: 1 says the same thing, but instead refers to YAH's displeasure as the being motivating David.
- 2 Samuel 19: 22 asks the sons of ZeruYah, “What have I done to you that you should be adversaries to me
this day?”
- 1 Kings 5: 4, 18 shows King Solomon telling Hiram, King of Tsor, that Solomon has not had neither
adversary nor evil incident.
- 1 Kings 11: 14 but now YAH stirs up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite, because of Solomon
going astray with other wives.
- 1 Kings 11: 23, 25 talks about another adversary against Solomon, Rezon (son of Eliadah), who reigned over
- Psalms 109: 6 is King David asking YAH to appoint an accuser over the wicked people who have done evil
against him.

- Job 1 and 2, THE adversary is used 10 times. (Check Job 30: 20-21 as reference to YAH opposing Job)
- Zechariah 3: 1-2, THE adversary is used 3 times, but this is not a single being. The context is about
ANYONE who opposes Joshua being appointed first high priest of the second temple. Joshua was “filthy”
because as a Levite priest he allowed all of his sons to marry foreign wives.

Why is the satan in 1 Chronicles 21:1 an Angel? It is in THIS passage that, after verse 1 mentions the “satan”
provoking David, we read the Angel is there “with a sword drawn in his hand”. The Hebrew phrasing behind
this occurs only three other times: Joshua 5:13 and Numbers 22:23, 31. ALL of these references are the Angel
of YAH and in one of them (Numbers 22) he is the satan. 2 Samuel 24: 1 is the exact same story being told as
1 Chronicles 21:1, but clarifies that the adversary, “ha satan” is actually the displeasure of YAH, not a being.

In many scriptures, it is revealed that YAH himself is OUR enemy when we rebel against Him. Check out the
following references:
- Isaiah 63: 10
- Judges 2: 13-15

Basically, “the satan” in Job is an officer of the divine council (sort of like a prosecutor). His job is to “run to
and fro throughout the earth” to see who is and who is not obeying YAH. When he finds someone who isn’t and
is therefore under YAH’s wrath, he “accuses” that person. This is what we see in Job — and it actually has a
distinct New Testament flavor. (We also see it in Zechariah 3). But the point here is that this satan is not evil;
he’s doing his job. Over time specifically the idea of “being an adversary in the heavenly council” was applied
intellectually to the enemy of YAH — the nachash (typically rendered “serpent”) in Eden, the one who asserted
his own will against YAH’s designs. That entity eventually becomes labeled “Satan” and so the adversarial role
gets personified and stuck to YAH’s great enemy (also called the Devil). This is a good example of how an idea
in Israelite religion plays out and is applied in different ways during the progress of revelation.

Other words used for Satan:

- Lucifer = Isaiah 14: 12  ëykh' näfal'Tä miSHämayimhëylël Ben-shächar nig'Da'Tä lääretzchôlësh al-Gôyim

Should say, “How you fell from part of the sky shining one/light bearer son of dawn, you are destroyed to the
ground which made low the nations.” The word Lucifer is the translation for the Hebrew word ‘heylel’,
however, heylel is not the name of a person. It was first used in the Latin Vulgate (common Latin) translation.
This is the only place this word (heylel) is used in all of the scriptures…so why was it given a proper name?
The context of this verse is about the moral decay of a human being…in this case, the King of Babylon. The
common translation of Morning Star for heylel is a reference to the planet Venus – the brightest star visible in
the morning. Ezekiel 28: 11-19 is specifically speaking about the King of Tyre throughout and has the same
context as Isaiah 14: 12. The brightest in the sky (being a King) and cast to the ground (destroyed) in front of
the other nations.

- Serpent = Genesis 3: 1-5 does not use the word satan to give a name, but rather the word serpent instead. The
Hebrew word for serpent is “nachash”. Another descriptor about “the nachash” was that [he] was more subtle
than any other beast of the field. However, the Hebrew word used for beast is “chai”, which means “life”
(alive, flesh, raw, fresh) or something living. So it should say, “the snake was most cunning of all life in the
field”. The word “beast” allows the imagination to now run to…a red, horned ‘devil’ with a tail and goat’s feet.
The serpent is famously also referenced in the book of Revelation, such as Revelation 20: 2, where it also given
the description as a red dragon (Revelation 11: 3). Now we have a continuing image being created for artists to
reference. This same serpent is also sometimes mistakenly referenced with the other names in Revelation 9: 11
to include the Greek Apollyon / Hebrew Abaddon. However, if reading this chapter correctly, you will see this
particular being is the King of the Locusts who is an “Angel” / messenger from the “bottomless pit”.

- Beelzebub = 2 Kings 1: 2-3 Literal translation = Lord of the Flies, and reference to Ba’al, the Philistine god.
Ekron is mentioned in Joshua 13:2-3 "This is the land that still remains: all the regions of the Philistines and all
those of the Geshurites from Shihor, which is east of Egypt, northward to the boundary of Ekron."
Joshua 13:13 counts it the border city of the Philistines and seat of one of the five Philistine city lords,
and Joshua 15:11 mentions Ekron's satellite towns and villages. The city was reassigned afterwards to the tribe
of Dan (Joshua 19:43), but came again into the full possession of the Philistines. It was the last place to which
the Philistines carried the Ark of the Covenant before they sent it back to Israel (1 Samuel 5:10 and 1 Samuel
6:1-8). There was a noted sanctuary of Baal at Ekron. The Baal who was worshipped was called Baal Zebul,
which some scholars connect with Beelzebub, known from the Hebrew Bible (2 Kings 1:2): Ahaziah fell
through the lattice in his upper chamber at Samaria and was injured. So he sent messengers whom he instructed:
"Go inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover from this injury." (JPS translation)
Its destruction is prophesied in Zephaniah 2:4: "Ekron shall be rooted up." It is also used in the New
Testament: Matthew 12: 25-28 / Luke 11: 15-19 (same story of J.C. casting out demons in the name of
Beelzebul, prince of demons, told in both.)

- Azazael = Leviticus 16: 8-10 This Hebrew word is translated as scapegoat. But it is also used in the book of
Enoch to describe one of the arch angels: Enoch 7: 1 / Enoch 9: 6 / Enoch 10: 4-6

- Goat = Greatest Of All Time…common term used in hip-hop culture to define – the best ever???

- Baphomet = Not used in scripture, but has been popularized in picture images as a form for Satan. It is also
known as the Goat of Mendes and was a hieroglyph created by Eliphas Levi. The name is actually an acronym
spelled backwards - (TEM OHP AB) for the following Latin phrase: temple omnium hominum pads abba =
father of the temple, universal peace of men. This phrase has a connection linking new age spiritualism with
science of the body. Other popular phrases associated with this phrase are “Man, know thyself” and “As above,
so below”. The image has been worshipped by the Templars, but has origins going back to ancient Egypt.
Father of the temple = Egyptian god Amon/Amen = hippocampus part of the head (brain). Temple = the body
and head together.
- Mephistopholes = German forklore based on a Faust legendary character. The word may derive from the
Hebrew mephitz which means "propagator", and tophel which means "liar". The name can also be a
combination of three Greek words: "me" as a negation, "phos" meaning light, and "philis" meaning loving,
making it mean "not-light-loving", possibly parodying the Latin "Lucifer" or "light-bearer".

- Demon = Origin is the Greek word “daimon” which means spirit, or divine power. Its connotation of an evil
spirit being first appeared in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew bible.

- Devil = to slander, the (false) accuser. This word is used at least 35 times in the New Testament. Greek
“diabolos” ---> Latin (and also German borrowing) “diaboulus” ---> Old English “deofol” ---> Middle English
“devel” ---> Modern English “devil”.

And so it is with the word 'devil' too in the New Testament. J.C. said, "Have not I chosen you twelve
(disciples), and one of you is a devil? He spoke of Judas Iscariot...” who was an ordinary, mortal man. He was
not speaking of a personal being with horns, or a so-called 'spirit being'. The word 'devil' here simply refers to a
wicked man. We see that 1 Timothy 3: 11 provides another example. The wives of church elders were not to
be "slanderers"; the original Greek word here is 'diabolos', which is the same word translated 'devil' elsewhere.
Thus Paul warns Titus that the aged women in the ecclesia should not be "false accusers" or 'devils' (Titus 2: 3).
And likewise he also told Timothy that "In the last shall be...false accusers (devils)" (2 Timothy 3:
1, 3). This does not mean that human beings will turn into superhuman beings, but that they will be increasingly
wicked. It ought to be quite clear from all this that the words 'devil' and 'satan' do not refer to a fallen Angel or
a sinful being…outside of…US.

- Matthew 16: 22-23 Get behind me, what J.C. says to...PETER.
- 1 Peter 5: 8 Your adversary the devil, “satan ho diabolos”, your enemy the accuser…walks about like a
roaring lion.

So where do evil spirits come from?

Judges 9: 23 Elohim sends an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem
1 Samuel 16: 14-15 YAH sends an evil spirit to Saul so that he is troubled
1 Samuel 16: 23 YAH makes the evil spirit leave Saul after David plays his harp
1 Samuel 18: 10 YAH sends another evil spirit to Saul, causing him to prophesy
1 Samuel 18: 7-12 YAH’s evil spirit comes on Saul while David plays the lyre
1 Kings 22: 22-23 YAH sends lying spirits to prophets so that they speak evil
2 Chronicles 18: 21-22 YAH sends lying spirits to prophets so that they speak evil

- You must make the choice. If evil flourishes in the world, it isn't because of the devil. It's because of you and
the choices YOU have made. The adversary is responsible for doing its job, and it does so to perfection. The
adversary, “Satan”, (really people) is/are NOT responsible for our sin. WE are responsible for our own sin!
The difference between evil and sin IS the choice. Devil = d’evil. When we blame the devil or “Satan” for sin
we are making two huge mistakes: 1) We are excusing ourselves from responsibility and…2) We are
committing idolatry. Most people would never admit they are worshipping “Satan” as an idol. However, if you
believe that there is a being / entity named Satan that made war AGAINST YAH…then YOU have given power
to an image as if it could be almost equal to the creator. YAH said he gave these abominations to the other
nations but NOT to Israel. Yet he also says do NOT be like the other nations! In other words he allows the
other nations to worship idols but he tells Israel there IS NO OTHER GOD besides Him. We are supposed to
teach the other nations the truth. We are supposed to understand that idols (which are ALWAYS created by
man) do not have any power and that we are only to trust in YAH. Anything else is idolatry, which is (the
greatest) sin.
Satan is a Human