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Job Chapter 1 and 2 Notes

Job 1: 1 - Land of Utz / Uz (H5788) = Edomite, son of Dishan and grandson of Seir; son of Aram (Syria) and
grandson of Seth; or son of Nahor by Milcah. Uz means consultation, or to plan.
- whose name was Iyob/Job (H0347) = Job means hated, or persecuted

Job 1: 2 - Seven sons and three daughters = 10 children total

Job 1: 3 - 7,000 sheep / 3,000 camels / 500 oxen / 500 donkeys. Job’s wealth in today’s terms would be
beyond Bill Gates or the richest billionaires in the world. In order to have this much livestock he would have
needed a LOT of land to support them all, plus the servants and quarters and houses for his children, as well as
storage for all the equipment and stalls/booths for the animals.
- Because of all his substance (possessions, but livestock that has been bought specifically) he was
considered the “greatest of all the men of the East”. East (H6924) = qedem = front, fore-part, beginning,
ancient, Eastward. This is not always a direction, but could also mean antiquity. Greatest could also mean the
first or oldest. So the phrase could also mean, “oldest of the men in the ancient East”. East is used 87 times
with 19 different meanings.

Job 1: 4 - Sons drank / feasted each on their day…and asked the sisters to join. It does not say specifically, but
the implication is clear that this is referring to birthdays. The sons led the sisters into the same behavior. This
was not a good behavior or Job, who was perfect and upright, would not have had to worry and pray for them.
Birthdays take away the focus from the creator and places it on the person, and thus, is a form of idolatry.

Job 1: 5 - When the days of their feasting were gone about...Job did continually = this was happening
repeatedly, year after year. It wasn’t a mistake or accident, they were doing this as a custom on purpose, despite
Job telling them otherwise…but they were grown and did as they pleased.
- cursed Elohim in their hearts…does not say cursed YAH specifically. In their hearts = mind, so they
did not respect the creator, or possibly did not respect the powers in charge of the land.

Job 1: 6 - No specific day is given.

- sons of Elohim = sons of mighty ones, or mighty powers. This could be sons of Kings, governors,
rulers, powerful military men, rich men, men of great reputation, etc. Sons of Elohim does NOT mean angels.
YAH said that ISRAEL is his first born son…so it must be talking about PEOPLE. Sons of Elohim = righteous
men, typically.
- present themselves before YAH…YAH is specifically named instead of Elohim. Why are they
presenting themselves?
- Satan came also among them…”Satan” = adversary / accuser /slanderer / enemy – it is not a name.
This MUST be remembered at ALL times to keep ourselves from thinking of some fantastical supernatural red-
horned being with a tail and pitchfork. In ALL of the scriptures where satan is used, it ALWAYS refers to
either men, or YAH himself!! We MUST remember this at all times!!! Satan is not the “devil” – it is men.
This phrase is saying the adversary / accuser / slanderer was ONE OF THE MEN. A group of men presented
themselves before YAH and one / some / or all of them were an adversary or accusing the people in the land.

Job 1: 7 - From when comest thou? As if YAH doesn’t already know? This makes no sense if read literally,
especially as an opening remark. YAH is not asking the question to find out where the adversary has been. He
is asking, “why do you have an adversarial/accusational/slandering spirit?” Why is this your mentality?
- From going to and fro, up and down…this is poetic Shakespeare language. The Hebrew simply
states, “walking/traveling through the land”. The word “earth” is used in English, but the Hebrew word “eretz”
just means land, country, region, dirt, field, etc. It does NOT mean the PLANET Earth. We have to remember
this at all times as well. So an accuser / slanderer / adversary was walking through the land and he is talking
about the people…because they are not righteous. The accuser could have been one/some/or all of the men.
Job 1: 8 - Has thou considered my servant Job…again, this reply makes no sense if read literally. Why would
the creator say this after satan tells him he’s been simply walking through the land? (Satan – “I was walking
through the land”. YAH responds – “Have you considered my servant Job?”)
- This verse proves that Job could NOT have been an Edomite. Why? Because no Edomite has EVER
been referred to as a servant of YAH. And YAH has NEVER said Edom was his servant. As a matter of fact,
Jacob have I loved, ESAU (Esau is Edom) have I hated. Also no Edomite has been called perfect and upright,
one that feareth Elohim, etc. Furthermore, there a few scriptures that reference the hatred YAH has for Edom:
Obadiah 1: 18 and Malachi 1: 3-4. Side note…there was no Israel at this time…so Job could not have been an
Israelite either. But, he WAS “a man who was perfect and upright…”

Job 1: 9 - Who answers the creator with a question? Who asks WHY someone fears YAH? That is supposed
to be automatic. This possibly shows the accuser is jealous of Job…one, for having such vast wealth and land
(and the accuser doesn’t have as much)…and two, for being the righteous example the creator references
instead of the accuser himself.

Job 1: 10 - Who has talked directly with YAH? The accuser acknowledges that YAH has given Job
everything…the accuser must want all this as well. There is no other reason to make these types of remarks.

Job 1: 11 - The accuser acts as if he knows something different than YAH?

- hand (H3709) = kaph = closed hollow portion (many things…palm branch, spoon, arch of foot, etc.)
- hand (H3027) = yad = open – power, direction, meaning
- Ref: Genesis 8: 9 for use of both versions of hand. Kaph = taking/possessing (mine), while Yad =
giving (yours). The hand can both give and take. Yad is also directly translated as the word “power”.
- curse (H1288) = barak = can mean bless, OR curse

Job 1: 12 - in thy power = Yad = the accuser can give Job whatever he wants to give him

Job 1: 13 - Again, no specific day is given. It does specifically say eating AND drinking now = party. In the
oldest son’s house…he was the example to the other siblings, even more so than Job.

Job 1: 14 - The word messenger is used instead of angel because it is clear this is one of the servants. But it
almost seems as if these messengers are unknown to Job.

Job 1: 15 - Sabeans = Sheba (in Hebrew), considered to be modern day Yemen and not Ethiopia. Ethiopia is
referred to as Kush in Hebrew. Today, these countries are separated by only a few miles. So the Queen of
Sheba was probably from modern day Yemen, as opposed to Ethiopia. However, Sabeans are distinct from
Sheba…see Isaiah 45: 14 and Joel 3: 4-8. Also see 1 Kings 10: 1-13 and 2 Chronicles 9: 1-12 for the (same)
story of the Queen of Sheba visiting King Solomon (None of these verses say the Queen of Kush in Hebrew).
Note: the same word translated as earth in Job is here translated as land…she did not believe the word she
heard about Solomon in her own land. Sheba was known primarily for its silver, gold, and spices. Here,
though, the Sabeans/Shebaites are a military army attacking Job’s land.

Job 1: 16 - Fire of Elohim…remember Elohim means mighty ones or powers. What is fire from mighty ones or
powers? Could be arrows set on fire and shot into the sky from a far distance by a military army. Could have
been a volcano erupting, meteorites falling, or lightning. There were 7,000 sheep…did they ALL get burnt up?
That’s a LOT of lamb chops / sacrificing, so it must have been a BIG fire.

Job 1: 17 - Caldeans = Kasdites or Chaldeans. Chaldea borders the Persian Gulf in the area where the Tigris
and Euphrates rivers meet = near modern day Iraq. They were known for astrology, knowledge, rich, high
society people of Babylonian empire. This is another military army that takes all the camels to use for their
Job 1: 18 - Is this person a stalker? Why is he the only one left? Most likely he was one of the house servants.
Job 1: 19 - Only the sons died? It does not say if the daughters died too. Wilderness does not mean forest.

Job 1: 20 - Rent his mantle = tore his clothes

- Shaved his head = sign of shame or mourning as a culture of many nations…not sexy or self-pride
like it is done today (excluding medical conditions, natural loss of hair, etc.)
- fell down upon the ground and worshipped vs. standing up like done today. Being on the ground
shows complete humbleness and reverence, which is very hard to do if you’re standing tall and able to see
everything / be distracted.

Job 1: 21 - When you are born and when you die you have nothing in your possession. This is contrary to the
Egyptian concept of the afterlife / mummification / tombs. Job obviously knew something different BEFORE
the Egyptians.
- Job also acknowledges that YAH gave him everything…and took it away. Job and the accuser agree
that YAH is responsible for Job’s wealth…not Job. Again, this is contrary to Egyptian philosophy.
- Job blesses / praises the name…of YAH! Not any other god from another nation of the land.

Job 1: 22 - Nor charged Elohim foolishly = this could mean YAH, or powerful people who took everything =
Sabeans and Caldeans. This could mean that Job did not sin by cursing YAH. It could mean he did not say
YAH acted foolishly. Or it could also mean he did not sin by foolishly speaking bad things about the people
who did him wrong (mighty ones). This could also apply to his three friends, his wife, and his children.

Chapter 1 and 2 Notes*** - Just like Adam had knowledge of good and evil after eating the fruit - now he
knows good and evil = good and evil is in him / us (the MIND).
Good and evil spirits are all AROUND us because PEOPLE with those spirits (knowledge of good and evil) are
all around us. But good and evil spirits are IN us because WE have knowledge of good and evil as well. Which
one do we listen to more, which one do we feed more, the good or the evil...that is our choice at any moment.

Job turned aside evil = Job didn't think about evil things in HIS OWN MIND...not that there are physical evil
beings that Job is fighting off.

Job was in the land of Edom = adversary to YAH...just like we are in the land of Edom today. Satan was all
around Job just like satan is all around us in this land of America = adversary to YAH. We are surrounded by
people who are satan because they have knowledge of evil. WE are also ha satan because we have knowledge
of evil, from America.

The sons of Elohim presented themselves to YAH, and satan came also = righteous men who knew good and
evil and had an adversarial spirit presented themselves before YAH. And YAH is saying to them, "Why do you
have this adversarial spirit?" And they reply, "Because I have been traveling this land...and all I see is people
doing evil things". THAT'S why YAH responds back, "Have you considered MY SERVANT Job?" He's
telling the sons of mighty ones (sons of important men, powerful men, rich men, men with a great reputation,
etc.) to look at this example of Job instead. Job has all this land, property, richness...even though he is living
amongst all these people, too. So now they are jealous and want to debate instead of listening and considering
and changing THEIR OWN WAYS. This is not about the patience of's a lesson to the
adversary/accuser/slanderer (people) to turn aside evil.

So YAH says the power is yours (adversary / satan) to do whatever you want to Job, only you can't kill him.
Yah allows this. So now the armies of that land come and take Job's possessions and kill his servants / family.
The PEOPLE of the land, who are the adversary, have used their power given by YAH (military might), to do
these things to Job. YAH was protecting Job all the time before, but now he has allowed the people to harm
Job. The people are the ones doing things to Job physically, not some supernatural evil spirit / beings...because
the people ARE the evil spirits / beings. This includes the three friends, his wife, and his children.
Now in Job Chapter 2, we see the adversary is given power to actually harm Job's flesh. Is this some
supernatural power by a supernatural being? No, it can be explained as a simple disease/virus/plague. In 1
Samuel 5 and 6, tumors came on the Philistines just like the boils that come on Job. The tumors were spread
through the rats/mice = bubonic plague equivalent. So too in Job, a PERSON could have coughed on, touched
or somehow left a virus on the property / in his house, etc. Job touched wherever the virus was and it caused
boils to be produced on his flesh. Rats carried the disease in 1 Samuel 5 and 6, and people could have carried a
disease/virus in Job 2. Simple. Non-supernatural. Logical. Trust in YAH so you can see the truth. Hebrew
understanding of Satan and the Devil is completely different from Western/Christian/New Testament doctrine.

Reference back to the “Satan and the Devil” lesson (document). In Hebrew, Satan is NOT a proper noun/name
of a person. Every time the word “Satan” is used in Hebrew, it is referring to either people, or YAH himself…
as an adversary. People are the adversary/accuser. People are satan / Satan. Only after you start reading
Greek translations does satan turn into a being that has power over all evil and sin. PEOPLE have the power of
choice to sin, and therefore people have the responsibility to not sin. If you believe in “Satan” as the master of
all evil, you are committing idolatry. Only YAH can create evil! This is referenced many times in numerous
scriptures…here are just a few:

Genesis 2: 15-17 Adam is first told about the tree of the knowledge of good and evil by YAH
Genesis 3: 22 Now Adam knows about good and evil, just like YAH
1 Kings 22: 19-23 YAH allows the lying spirit to go forth from the prophets of Ahab
Isaiah 45: 5-7 YAH creates good and evil
Amos 3: 6 Shall there be evil in the city and YAH does not know it?
Job 2: 10 Job tells his wife, “shall we receive good from YAH, and shall we not also receive evil?”
Job 42: 11 Job’s friends and family understand that all the evil came from YAH
Proverbs 16: 4 YAH has made all things, even the wicked for the day of evil
Lamentations 3: 37-39 Out of the mouth of Elyon comes good and evil. Why does man complain for the
punishment of his sins?
Zechariah 13: 8-9 Prophecy that in all the land 2/3 of the people shall die
Judges 9: 23 Elohim sends an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men of Shechem
1 Samuel 16: 14-15 YAH sends an evil spirit to Saul so that he is troubled
1 Samuel 16: 23 YAH makes the evil spirit leave Saul after David plays his harp
1 Samuel 18: 10 YAH sends another evil spirit to Saul, causing him to prophesy
1 Samuel 18: 7-12 YAH’s evil spirit comes on Saul while David plays the lyre
1 Kings 22: 22-23 YAH sends lying spirits to prophets so that they speak evil
2 Chronicles 18: 21-22 Same story about the lying spirit in the prophets