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LESSON NOTES

Newbie #6
Calling on Skype II (How Ya Been?)

CONTENTS
2 Korean Hangul
2 Romanization
2 English
2 Alternative Transcript
3 Vocabulary
3 Sample Sentences
4 Grammar
5 Cultural Insight

# 6
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KOREAN HANGUL

1. (1)경호: 잘 있었어요?

2. (2)소진: 네, 잘 있었어요. 경호 씨는요?

3. (3)경호: 그럼요. 잘 있었어요.

4. (4)소진: 어머니는요?

ROMANIZATION

1. (1)GYEONGHO: jal isseossoyo?

2. (2)SOJIN: ne, jal isseossoyo. Gyeongho ssi-neunyo?

3. (3)GYEONGHO: geureomyo. jal isseosseoyo.

4. (4)SOJIN: eomeoni-neunyo?

ENGLISH

1. (1)GYEONGHO: Have you been good?

2. (2)SOJIN: Yes, I have been well. How about you Gyeongho?

3. (3)GYEONGHO: Of course. I have been well.

4. (4)SOJIN: How about your mother?

ALTERNATIVE TRANSCRIPT
CONT'D OVER

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1. (the dialog in the formal politeness level)

2. (1)경호: 잘 지내셨습니까?

3. (2)소진: 네, 잘 지냈습니다. 경호 씨는 어떻습니까?

4. (3)경호: 물론입니다. 잘 지냈습니다.

5. (4)소진: 어머니는 어떻습니까?

VOCABULARY

Hangul R omanization English

그럼요 geureomyo of course

네 ne yes

I have been good / Have you


잘 있었어요 jal isseosseoyo been good? (phrase)

어머니 eomeoni mother

SAMPLE SENTENCES

그럼요. 잘 있었어요. 네, 맞아요.


geureomyo. jal itsseosseoyo. ne, majayo.

"Of course, I have been good." "Yes. That's right."

네. 저는 선생님입니다. 잘 있었어요?
ne. jeoneun seonsaengnimimnida.
"Have you been good?"
"Yes, I'm a teacher."

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저희 어머니는 선생님이십니다. 어머니도 건강하시죠?
jeohui eomeoni-neun seonsaengnim-isimnida. eomeonido geonganghasijyo?

"My mother is a teacher." "Your mother is healthy, too, right?"

GRAMMAR

This lesson contains some elements used when talking to friends who have not spoken in
quite some time.

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Grammar Point #1 - Have You Been Good? - 잘 있었어요?
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When talking to friends or family that haven't been spoken to for an extended period of time,
the phrase 잘 있었어요? (jal isseosseoyo?) is used to ask if one has been good for that time.
This phrase is in the standard politeness level (other politeness levels are listed below), and
can be used with people that are not so close to you, or with someone you are on a
professional relationship with. It is used just like the English phrase "How have you been?" or
"Have you been good?"

Formal Politeness Level: 잘 지내셨습니까? (jal jinaesyeosseumnikka?) - literally (Have you


passed the time well?)
Standard Politeness Level: 잘 있었어요? (jal isseosseoyo?)
Intimate Politeness Level: 잘 있었어? (jal isseosseo?)

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♣ More Examples ♣
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In the standard or intimate politeness level, one is able to answer with the same words, just
with a different intonation. To make a statement, simply make the intonation dropping. When
잘 있었어요? (jal isseosseoyo?) has a rising intonation, it is a question. When 잘 있었어요 (jal
isseosseoyo) has a dropping intonation, it is a statement.

잘 있었어요? (jal isseosseoyo?) Question - rising intonation


잘 있었어요. (jal isseosseoyo.) Statement - dropping intonation

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Grammar Point #2 - How About...? - 는요?
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When asking questions, one can ask about another person or thing outside of the
conversation (a noun) by saying the noun and then attaching -은/는요? (-eun/neunyo?). The
question asked prior is applied to this new question "How about...?" This is used much like
the English "How about...?"

-은요? (-eunyo?) is applied to nouns that end in consonants.


-는요? (-neunyo?) is applied to nouns that end in vowels.

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▷ Construction
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[noun] + -은/는요? (-eun/neunyo?) - "How about [noun]?"
버스는요? (beoseu-neunyo?) - "How about the bus?"
사장님은요? (sajangnim-eunyo?) - "How about the boss?"

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☞ remember ☜
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-은/는 (-eun/neun) is the topic marking particle. And -요 (-yo) is used as a politeness particle.

CULTURAL INSIGHT

Family plays a big part in Korean culture; therefore, when asking about a person, it is quite
polite to ask about that person's family as well. Of course the speaker must have met, or know
about the listeners family to some degree, but asking about a person's family shows a great
deal of care and interest.

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