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Splits in the Christian Church

Christian Church

Eastern Roman
Orthodox Catholic

:
I Protestant
Roman
Anglican Calvinist Lutheran Catholic
f I I --f [ Anabaptist I
Puritan-Congregationalist I Quaker
Mennonite
disEJ
Baptist Reformed
Church Amish
I Brisconal
‘Ibe Frotestant 1{etormation

Catholic Luther Calvin Zwingli Anglican Knox Anabaptist


Ministerial King and
Pope and religious
Head government divinely religious none
hierarchy
ordained hierarchy

First three:
Two: Two: Counion, Two: One:
Two: Communion
Sacraments Seven Communion and Communion and Baptism and Communion Lord’s
and Baptism Penance then
Baptism Baptism and Baptism Supper
twoCandB

Celibate priests. Ministers and


Ministers, elders, Married
Clergy Only clergy may priesthood of all Ministers Ministers Ministers
deacons. priests
interpret scripture, believers

Faith: when one is


Faith: Justification is
justified one is
Faith: Good God’s endorsement of
forgiven, therefore one
Faith and good works may or may
the morals of the
can repent fully and do Faith and
Justification individual. Good Faith Faith
works good works. Good not be evidence of good works.
works are a
works are a justification. precondition of
consequence of
justification.
justification.
Pope theoretically Religious choices up to Religious organization Religion The state
the individual but owes dominates the state and
Role of State spiritual leadership over obedience to the lawful in fact IS the state: dominates the dominates
Catholic sovereigns ruler. example Geneva state. the church.
Parts of Germany,
Italy, parts of Germany, Holland, France,
Where Sweden, Norway, Switzerland England Scotland Switzerland
Ireland, Poland, France Switzerland
Denmark
Transubstantiation:
Consubstantiation:
Bread and wine are Eucharist is a
Yes, Christ is present in
magically transfonned Eucharist is just a
Eucharist the Eucharist, but not memorial not a
into the body and blood symbol. No magic.
actually physically sacrifice.
of Christ in the
present.
Eucharist.
Reformation
Indulgences, concerned more with
purgatory moral regeneration of
Other Predestination
the church the —
Abuses: simony,

community’ than the
nepotism, pluralism
individual
_____

LrI U.n’r 4.L’IL %JL L&.VL L:LJ.....i &.LLI .L[KLL4L.I U gLUZaJQIIaL origins
Dotted lines indicate influence
“Paintbrushes” indicate ongoing traditions
with various branches
Rma, Catholic Church

Pre-Reformation
ProtQs tants

[‘rotestant
RLforrna Lion

AnZ]ic3n — - — - - - - - - -

Reformed

Pi’ritanisrn
Pesby terian
Ariabaptist
Ref orm,d

c
ft r

A Baptist
-

Conra tional — Pietism


Catholic Disciples!
Christians
!
11it3L-i31
I • tlàravian

I
Brethren

-i!
ç-
1;
-c Adventist

I-,
h
Jthovah’ s
1b trtesses

1 I

Methodist
4’
Eis:
-
t al
A 1
11linss
Pentecostal/
H arisrnatic