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GRAMMAR LESSON PLAN

Time:20 min.
Level:Intermediate
Gender: f/m
Age: 15-…
Materials:Pictures,cards,worksheets,
Interaction: Ss/Ss-T/Ss
Assumptions:Students know all the grammar rules of pre-intermediate and they
know”have to,can etc”.
Anticipated Problems:Time management can be a problem because
the teacher need to focus on a lot of points.It can be chaos between ss while playing
games.
OBJECTIVES
By the end of the lesson,
1) the students will have covered “expressing obligation the present/future.”

2) the students will have practiced “must for obligation”


3) the students will have used their skills such as reading,listening,speaking
WARM-UP
Time: 3 min.
Materials: Pictures
Interaction:Ss/Ss-T/Ss
What students do:To order the pictures on the board.
Grouping:two groups
Aims:
-To motivate students to get to the topic
-To foster their curiosity
-To set the stage for reading the stage
- to make ss involve in the topic by drawing attention

STEPS
1) There are some pictures on the board.
2) The teacher divides into two groups.
3) The teacher asks six students to come to the board.
4) Ss put the pictures in the right order.
5) The first group finishing them is the winner.
6) Then the teacher sets the stage for reading the text.

LEAD-IN TO CONTEXT
Time:3 min.
Materials: Worksheets
Interaction:T/Ss
What students do:Ss read the text
Grouping: Whole class
Aims:
- To get to the topic/main idea
- To contextualize the grammar rule
- To move into the grammar smootly
- To practice the reading skill

STEPS
1) The teacher asks some questions about the reading text ”What is the text
about?”etc.
2) The teacher asks some questions to elicit the sentence.

ELICITATION
A) MEANING
Time: 2 min.
Materials: ----
Interaction:T/Ss
What students do:The students answer the concept questions which the teacher
asks to elicit the grammar point.
Grouping: Whole class
Aims:
- To elicit the grammar point
- To ensure that ss get the meaning of the grammar point
STEPS
1) The teacher writes the sentence elicited from the text on the board.
2) The teacher asks ss to look at the sentence on the board.
3) The teacher asks some concept questions “Has the writer struggled many
years with different diets?Is he an authority?,Does he oblige us to obey these
rules?,Is it necessity and obligation? ,Is the obligation in the present or in the
past?etc.” on the worksheets.
B) FORM
Time: 2 min.
Materials: ----
Interaction: T/Ss
What students do: The students answer some questions about the form of the
grammar point.
Grouping: Whole class
Aims:
- To have a look at the are of the grammar
- To analyze language

STEPS
1) The teacher asks some questions “How many words are there in the
sentence?,What comes after the subject?What comes after must?,Is it V(1) or
past tense?,Is it a rule?etc”
2) Ss answer the questions
C) FUNCTION
Time: 1 min.
Materials: -----
Interaction: T/Ss
What students do:The students answer some questions about the use of the
grammar point.
Grouping: Whole class
Aims:
- To help ss understand the use of the grammar point
- To show the usage of the subject in daily life
STEPS
1) The teacher asks some questions”In which situation do we use this form?How
do we use in daily life? etc.”
2) Ss answer the questions
RESTRICTED USE ACTIVITY
Time: 3 min.
Materials: Worksheets,envelopes,pictures
Interaction:T/Ss-Ss/Ss
What students do:Students complete the sentences with the words in the envelopes
Grouping:Pairs
Aims:
- To restrict the language needed and require the use of the target items
- To practice the grammar point
- To practice the writing skill

STEPS
1) The teacher gives the worksheets and the words in the envelopes
2) The students work with their partners
3) The students complete the sentences on the worksheets with the words in the
envelopes
4) The teacher and ss check them and ss write the sentences on the board.

AUTHENTIC USE ACTIVITY


Time: 5 min.
Materials: Cards
Interaction: Ss/Ss-T/Ss
What students do:Students play the game”What must I do? and Who am I?”
Grouping:Groups of six
Aims:
- To use the language ss know to communicate information and ideas
- To get the students to produce what they have learned by the help of their friends.

STEPS
1) Students stand in a circle in groups of six
2) The teacher clips a card to the back of some students
3) It is written the name of a person on each
card”student,patient,pedestrian,driver,child,customer”
4) Six students stand in the middle of each circle
5) They ask their groups some questions to figure out whom she is
6) The other students answer them
7) After the game,the teacher and ss talk about the game
WRAP-UP
Time: 1 min.
Materials:---
Interaction:T/Ss-Ss/Ss
What students do: The students tell the teacher what they have learned today
Grouping: Whole class
Aims:
- To summarise the lesson
- To make it meaningful
STEPS
1)Ss work in pairs and discuss what they have learned today
2)The students tell the teacher what they have learned today before they go out

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