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EAFIT UNIVERSITY PETROLEUM GEOLOGY PROF. A.

BELTRAN
2020-1

Chart for estimating formation temperature (Tf) with depth (linear gradient assumed). (Western
Atlas International, Inc., 1995.

1. Locate BHT on the appropriate scale given by Mean Surface Temperature arrows Tms
2. Once located, follow BHT vertically up until it intersects the total depth value (TD) line. This
intersection defines the temperature gradient.
3. Move parallel to the (diagonal) temperature gradient until hit the formation depth.
4. Formation temperature is read on the bottom scale vertically down from the point where the
formation depth line intersects the temperature gradient.
NOTE: In the United States (as an example), 80°F is used commonly as the mean surface
temperature in the southern states, and 60°F is used commonly in the northern states. However, a
specific mean surface temperature can be calculated if such precision is desired. Another source for
mean surface-temperature gradients is any world atlas with such listings.
EAFIT UNIVERSITY PETROLEUM GEOLOGY PROF. A. BELTRAN
2020-1

Chart for adjusting fluid resistivities for temperature. (Schlumberger, 1998)

1. Locate the resistivity, e.g. Rm, value on the scale at the left of the chart.
2. Move to the right horizontally along until the vertical line representing the temperature of the
mud at the surface (from the bottom of the chart). This value should be given.
3. Move parallel to the (diagonal) constant salinity line to where it intersects the vertical line
representing a temperature value of the formation Tf.
4. From this intersection, follow the horizontal line to the left to determine the resistivity of the fluid
at the desired temperature.
EAFIT UNIVERSITY PETROLEUM GEOLOGY PROF. A. BELTRAN
2020-1

SP bed-thickness correction to determine SSP from SP. (Western Atlas, 1995)

1. Calculate the ratio Ri/Rm.

where Ri is equal to the short-normal (SN) resistivity and Rm is the value determined at formation
temperature.

2. Locate a bed thickness on the vertical scale.

3. Follow the bed-thickness value horizontally across until it intersects the Ri/Rm curve.

3. Drop vertically from this intersection and read the SP correction factor on the scale across the
bottom.

4. Multiply SP by the SP correction factor to find SSP.

SSP = SP * correction factor (or use the nomogram in the chart)


EAFIT UNIVERSITY PETROLEUM GEOLOGY PROF. A. BELTRAN
2020-1

Chart used for determining the Rmf/Rwe ratio from SSP values. (Western Atlas, 1995)

1. Locate the SSP value on the scale on the left edge of the chart.
2. Follow the value horizontally until it intersects the sloping formation temperature.
3. Move vertically from this intersection and read the ratio value on the scale at the bottom of the chart.
4. Divide the corrected value for Rmf by the ratio Rmf/Rwe value
Rwe = Rmf/(Rmf/Rwe)
EAFIT UNIVERSITY PETROLEUM GEOLOGY PROF. A. BELTRAN
2020-1

Chart for determining the value of Rw from Rwe. (Western Atlas, 1995)

1. Locate the value of Rwe on the vertical scale.

2. Follow it horizontally until it intersects the temperature curve desired.

3. Drop vertically from the intersection and read a value for Rw on the scale at the bottom.