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Quick-Start Guide

DesignBase Quick-Start Guide

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Table of Contents

1.0 Creating a Job File for the Subject Network 3

1.1 Creating a New Drawing File 4


1.15 Using the Master File Editor 7
Network Settings tab 8
AC Visibility tab 8
Visibility tab 9
Name Management tab 10
1P Branch Defaults tab 11
DC Defaults tab 12
Scenarios tab 13
Time Periods tab 15
File Locations tab 16
Bus Defaults tab 17
AC Branch Defaults tab 18
3P Branch Defaults tab 19
1.2 Building a Single-Line Diagram 21
1.3 The Node Counter Function 33
1.4 The Generator Short Circuit Model 34
1.5 Checking for Connectivity Errors 35
1.6 Setting the Back Annotation Text 36
1.7 Setting the Back Annotation Color 37
1.9 Copying and Pasting the Elements of a Drawing 38
1.9.1 Copying and Pasting with Menu and Icon Commands 38
1.9.2 Copying and Pasting with Ctrl+Right Drag 40

2.0 AC Short Circuit Analysis 41

3.0 Protective Device Evaluation 45

4.0 AC Advanced Power Flow Analysis 49

5.0 AC Motor Starting Analysis 53

6.0 AC Protective Device Coordination 57

7.0 Arc Flash Analysis 64

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1.0 Creating a Job File for the Subject Network


This document illustrates how to create, modify and customize a single-line diagram for analysis by the vari-
ous DesignBase tools.

This tutorial uses the system in "Figure 1: Single-Line Drawing to be Created" below. 

Figure 1: Single-Line Drawing to be Created

A critical step in the process of building a diagram is using the Master File Editor to set basic parameters for
use during modeling and subsequent analysis of the electrical system.

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1.1 Creating a New Drawing File

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1.15 Using the Master File Editor


After creating a drawing file, either before or after creating the single-line network diagram, use the Master File
Editor to enter descriptive details and other drawing-level settings.

1. Activate the Master File Editor by clicking its icon.

2. On the General tab, insert project identification details according to local custom.

3. Instead of clicking OK, click the name of another tab whose fields are required by the program(s) with
which you intend to analyze this network. If you're not sure which tabs to populate, you can come back
to this procedure at a later time.When you're finished entering details on tabs, click OK. The next sec-

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tion of this document describes the general purpose of each tab. The tutorials on the various
DesignBase tools give more details on how to populate individual fields.

Network Settings tab


The Network Settings tab describes this network's current type, voltage, and related values. This tab is
required for all network drawings.

AC Visibility tab
The AC Visibility tab specifies ... which set(s) of controls are visible in other windows and dialogs.

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Visibility tab
The Visibility tab controls ....

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Name Management tab


The Name Management tab specifies the scheme by which DesignBase generates device names auto-
matically. The default is often acceptable.

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1P Branch Defaults tab


The Single-Phase Branch Defaults tab specifies the default size of various branch devices. The defaults
apply when a device is added to a single-line drawing.

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DC Defaults tab
The DC Branch Defaults tab specifies the default size of various branch devices. The defaults apply when a
device is added to a single-line drawing.

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Scenarios tab
The Scenarios tab creates names for sets of settings.

In DesignBase 6.0, Scenarios are applicable to several programs, including Short Circuit Analysis, Power
Flow, AC and DC Arc Flash, Motor Starting, Harmonic Analysis, and others.

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One Scenario can be active at a time, meaning that one named instance of settings is active at a time.

Instead of naming Scenarios like "First", "Second", and "Third" as in the image above, it's better to name them
descriptively for a specific analysis scenario, such as "Low-Load No PV" and "Low-Load with PV".

A Scenario that has been created can be made active by the checkboxes in the Active column, or by Scenario
picker on the toolbar, shown here:

Some settings on other panels and tabs (but certainly not all) are subject to Scenarios. For example:

l All settings on the Options panel of a Short Circuit Analysis are subject to Scenarios. The existence
of Scenarios is like having multiple instances of the Options panel.
l The temperature settings on the Network Settings tab of the Master File Editor are subject to Scen-
arios. The existence of Scenarios is like having multiple instances of the Network Settings tab. The
temperature settings can be different in each defined Scenario.

To see and manage the several values of a setting, click the stopwatch icon. A scenario management panel
pops up. The scenario management panel for the Temperature settings above, for example, looks like the
panel below.

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To set the value of a given setting in each of several Scenarios, activate one Scenario, set the setting, and
move to the next Scenario. To run an analysis for each of several Scenarios, activate one Scenario, run the
analysis, and move to the next Scenario.

A newly created drawing file has one un-named Scenario. If you never create a second Scenario, only one
instance of the various settings exists.

Time Periods tab


Fields on the Time Periods tab are required if the network will be analyzed by the Time Series Analysis pro-
gram. It specifies the time periods that are inherited by individual devices in the network diagram. Details are
explained in the tutorial for Time Series Analysis.

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File Locations tab


The File Locations tab ....

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Bus Defaults tab


The Bus Defaults tab ....

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AC Branch Defaults tab


The AC Branch Defaults tab specifies the default size of various AC branch devices. The defaults apply
when a device is added to a single-line drawing.

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3P Branch Defaults tab


The Three-Phase Branch Defaults tab specifies the default size of various three-phase branch devices. The
defaults apply when a device is added to a single-line drawing.

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1.2 Building a Single-Line Diagram

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1.3 The Node Counter Function


Using the lessons learned thus far, attempt to create the single-line drawing below. Alternatively, open
C:\DesignBase6\Samples\UserGuide\Project1.axd. 

The total number of buses used in the file is shown in the “Active Buses” field.   The bus counter shows how
many nodes have been used in the project.

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1.4 The Generator Short Circuit Model

The impedances required by the editor are explained below and are entered as a percentage of the generator’s
base voltage and kVA. 

l %X”dVRated-voltage (saturated) direct-axis sub-transient reactance.  It is used for first-cycle and inter-
rupting time calculations.
l %X’dVRated-voltage (saturated) direct-axis transient reactance.  It is used for time delayed currents in
relay applications.
l XdRated current unsaturated direct-axis steady state reactance.
l %X”2VRated-voltage negative sequence reactance.  It is used to calculate the X/R ratio and for unbal-
ance short circuit calculations.
l %X0 Zero sequence reactance.  It is used in unbalanced short-circuit calculation, when dealing with
grounded generators.
l Ta3Rated-voltage generator armature time constant in seconds.  It is used to calculate the X/R ratio. 

In some cases, the armature resistance may be given instead.


l %RaArmature resistance.
l The X/R ratio is determined from the following equations if Ta3 and %Ra are known. Alternatively,
press Estimate X/R Ratio and the program will add a value based on accepted IEEE standard curves.

(Equation No.1)

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1.5 Checking for Connectivity Errors

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1.6 Setting the Back Annotation Text

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1.7 Setting the Back Annotation Color

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1.9 Copying and Pasting the Elements of a Drawing


1.9.1 Copying and Pasting with Menu and Icon Commands

Note: Copy and paste and also be accomplished using Ctrl-C and Ctrl-V.

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1.9.2 Copying and Pasting with Ctrl+Right Drag

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2.0 AC Short Circuit Analysis

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3.0 Protective Device Evaluation

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4.0 AC Advanced Power Flow Analysis

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5.0 AC Motor Starting Analysis

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6.0 AC Protective Device Coordination

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7.0 Arc Flash Analysis

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