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Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan – Middle East

Periodic Assessment 1 – 2020-21


Sub: English Language and Literature (Code No. -184)
Class: X Marks: 30
Date: 22 April 2020 Time: 1 hr

General Instructions: -
The question paper is divided into three sections.
Section A : Reading 08 marks
Section B : Writing and grammar 10 marks
Section C : Language and Literature 12 marks
All questions of a particular section must be attempted in order.
Answers must be numbered correctly and clearly in the margin.
This question paper has 4 pages and 7 questions.

Section A Reading (8 marks)


1. Read the following passage carefully.

Pleasure and pain are inseparable facets of human existence. While the
experience of our well-being is rather vague and intangible, an experience of
pain is real and affects our body, mind and spirit, altering our lives in more
ways than one. Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience caused
by tissue damage that results from physical trauma, burns, illness, injury or
surgery. Despite the agony caused by the pain, it is essential for our survival. If
you don’t feel pain, you could cause great harm to your body by inadvertently
touching a hot iron or jamming your finger in the drawer and not even know it.
Or you could rupture the appendix and be unaware of what was going on inside
your body. Pain rings an alarm bell, alerting you to pay immediate attention
and take quick action.

Have you ever wondered why a severely wounded soldier continues to battle on
so defiantly or an athlete injured during a race goes on to win it? It happens so
because the brain does not react immediately to the pain signals. The sufferer
just ignores them because there are more important tasks to attend. The pain
registers only after the task or event is over. The perception of pain has been
studied extensively by psychologists who suggest that there is a ‘gating system’
in the central nervous system that opens and closes to let the pain pass
through to the brain or block it. Psychological factors such as attention to pain,
an emotional state of a person, anticipation of pain and the way that a person
interprets a situation can both open and close the ‘gates.’ This is why when you
are depressed or anxious your pain seems worse and intolerable because your
feelings can open the pain gate. On the other hand, when your attention is
diverted or focused on pleasant tasks, your pain is almost imperceptible. Thus
the physical cause of the pain may be the same, yet the perception of pain is
dramatically different.

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A. Based on your reading of the passage, fill in the following blanks with 1x8=8
appropriate words/phrases.

1. ___________ and _______________ are the inseparable facets of human


existence.
2. The pain registers only after the _____________ is over.
3. The brain does not react immediately to the __________ signals.

B. Find the words that mean the same as under.

a. Unable to be touched (para 1)


i. Inseparable
ii. Vague
iii. Intangible
iv. Separable

b. Extreme physical or mental suffering (para 1)


i.Unpleasant
ii.Agony
iii.Harm
iv.Happiness

c. Prediction (para 2)
i. Anticipation
ii. Perception
iii. Thinking about the past
iv. Unpredict
C.
Answer ANY TWO of the following questions.

1. What does the writer want to convey by “open and close the gates?”
2. Why does the writer give the examples of a wounded soldier or an injured
athlete?
3. Explain, “Pain rings an alarm bell.”

Section B Writing & Grammar (10 marks)

2.A You are Savitha/Sharan staying at Vikas Kunj, Pragati Colony, New Delhi. You
happen to overhear the following conversation between two of your classmates:

Seeta : Our school life has become very dull and boring.
Meena : Imagine sitting in one place and listening to one lecture after
another.
Seeta : I wish we could have something practical to do, some application-
based or experiential learning.
Meena : We have been reduced to mere machines for just rote-learning.

You are no stranger to these emotions; you feel the same dilemma. So you
decide to write a letter to the editor of The Times of India, New Delhi, giving
suggestions to make the curriculum more flexible to the changing needs of the 8
social environment. (100-150 words)
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B. OR
You are Apoorva/Arpit. You bought a refrigerator from Ganesh Electronics and
Electricals, Gandhi Marg, Gujarat. It does not function properly. Write a letter
to the Sales Manager of the shop, complaining about the defect and asking for
immediate replacement or repair, as necessary. (100-150 words)

3. The following passage has not been edited. There is an error in each of the lines
against which a blank is given. Write the incorrect word and the correction in
the space provided. ½x2=1
Error Correction
Her duties of the day were over.
She had scrub the floor of the kitchen, (a) ________ __________
washed the vessels and put them in a
shining row on a wooden shelf, returned
the short scrubbing broom to it’s corner (b) ________ __________
And closed the kitchen window.

4. Rearrange the following words and phrases to form meaningful sentences. ½x2=1

a. Progressive society/teachers are/of a sound/one of the/and/main pillars


b. To acquire/they help/knowledge, /the child/competence/and values/in life
Section B Literature (12 marks)

5. Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow. 1x2=2

He should be lurking in shadow,


Sliding through long grass
Near the water hole
Where plump deer pass.

(a) What was ‘he’ referred to here, attempting to do?


(b) What is the meaning of the word ‘plump’ as given in this context?

OR
Has given my heart
A change of mood
And saved some part
Of a day I had rued.

1. Who does ‘I’ refer to in the above line?


2. What had given the poet ‘a change of mood?’

6. Answer ANY ONE of the following questions in 30-40 words each. 2x1=2

(a) The household dogs at the surgery rejected Tricki as an uninteresting


object. Why?
(b) What happened to the seagull when it dived at the fish?

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(c) How did Mandela’s hunger for freedom change his life?

7. Answer ANY ONE of the following questions in 120-150 words. 8x1=8

a. “Humanity still exists” this is what we feel after reading ‘A letter to God.’ The
story in which, a poor farmer’s firm faith in God and the generosity of the
post office employees is portrayed. Write a paragraph on the values this
story represents. Give the paragraph a suitable title.

b. Money can’t make a man as much as education can. Elucidate the


statement.
(Reference to the lesson A Thief’s story)

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